The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 22, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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Fair penc At The Armory ' This Rflpming-neT!teFQV
SI.tvsi: K.NTIl YKAlt NO. .i
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r T SAI.KM OltKCItV l.'l.'llllV IWIIIVIVI! - .... -.
i i , , f ii imn 11UU1S flYiS
$2.50 AS NEW
Agricultural Appropriation
BilMs Passed, Ready to Go
to Conference Before Ac-
.. Hon in House
Oregon Senators, Chamber
r lam and McNary Cast
. Votes for Measure
r -WASHINGTON. March 21. The
agricultural appropriation bill, with
tithe Core amendment increasing the
'1918 government guarantee wheat
kprice to $2350. was passed today by
the senate. It now eoes to, the con
ference, where another fight over
the wheat price, Is expected.
The wheat price amendment was
' adopted .49 to 18 after five days'
discussion in which its (advocates
urged the necessity or stimulating
production, and criticised govern
jnent price fixings The bill, carry
ing appropriations of '$28,000,000.
was passed without a roll call, the
principal fight being centered on the
' wheat provision. '
Besides Increasing the federal
guarantee, the' Gore amendment also
provides that the guaranteed prices
for the 1918 crop shall be based up
on No. 2 northern wheat or its
equivalent Instead of the No. 1 va
riety as under existing law, and shall
'', be payable at local elevators or rail
way markets Instead of at the prin
cipal primary markets as Is done
now. These provisions are designed
to increase further the farmers re
turns. ,
. t Guaranty Marie Bindinc
, Another provision Is that the guar
anty bIV.11 not be dependent upon ac
tion of the president but Is hereby
: f Continued on vac
Many Wierchants;Seento
Think That Misrepresen
tation of Values in Adver
tising is Permissible
, - - i . i
and will be excused by the buying public because it has
become such a common practice that nobody believes the
exaggerated statements anyway.
STANDARD O& HONESTY and that a merchant who will
try to deceive & his advertising will try to deceive in his
: store. ; . j !
TIONS fill the advertising columns nowadays. During our
entire business career, we have depended upon QUALITY
OP MERCHANDISE and prices made possible by our spot
cash plan of business to attract trade. CAREFUL BUYING,
desire to sell on the closest possible margin of profit, ex
plains why we undersell other stores. We never buy an ar
ticle until we are convinced that it will prove satisfactory
to the wearer. !
Yoilwill find a wonderful range of styles and qualities
to select from in every department. , )
Clothing, Shoes, Hats, Shirts,
Hosiery, Underwear, Dress '
Goods, Silks, Corsets
Large shipments of Spring
Chamberlain Says Troops
May Have to Protect Work
ers in Forests
Bill for Commandeering Tim
ber This Summer Under
goes Discussion
WASHINGTON.. March 21. Warnings-
that the people of the Pacific
northwest, tired of I. W. W. activi
ties, might take,' the law into their
own bands to suppress traitorous
conduct; charged that the govern
ment Itself had "coddled" the lead
ers, and piedictions that sabotage
and other activities to embarrass the
government's air craft program are
likely to break out in the spring and
summer, featured the senate debate
today on the administration bill to
empower the government to 'com
mandeer timber and conduct logging
i The debate flared up so sudden
ly and lasted so long that time al
lotted for considering tha bill was
used up and Chairman Chamberlain
of the military committee l-t it go
over for action later.
i Senators were not sparing in their
declarations that the government
should act swiftly and drastically to
meet what they characterized as a
menace to the people. Senator
Chambeilain paiticularly declared it
might be necessary to send troops
into the spruce forests to protect
workers getting'out the precious tim
bers for the airplanes.
s "The Industrial Workers of the
World will not allow men to . work
in the forests," he said.
i Senator Borah of Idaho declared
the government could deal adequate
ly with the I. W. W. without re
sort to force and by orderly lawful
: Without mentioning the name of
the I. W. W. leader to whom he
i (Continued on page 6.) '
Merchandise arriving dlily.
.1 - .
Officials See Possibility Guns
Are Roaring Thunderous
Prelude for Effect on
French and British People
"Stone Wall" Lines of Allies
Prepared for Greatest of
LONDON, March 21. Seml-oifl-cial
negotiations are on foot between
Germany and the entente in which
Germany is displaying a strong in
clination for peace, the Catholic
newspaper Nieuwsblad Hertzeuden
says it has learned, the Central
News correspondent at Amsterdam
reports. ,
C WASHINGTON. Ma.rch 21. Even
word from Iondon that the drive
launched today by the Germans on
the weBt front is oh a larger scale
than any undertaken there since the
war began has failed to convince
American artillery observers that
the Ion heralded German offensive
is at hand. They are waiting for
the full 'cope of the enemy action
against both British and French
fronts to be made clear, and still
believe that the logic of the situa
tion pointsaway from a German of
fensive in the west at this time.
There was a -distinct feeling to
night 1 at the tumult of the Ger
man gnns might cloak some other
purpose than to commit the issue of
the war to desperate onslaughts
against the all but impregnable al
lied lines in the west. Supreme con
fidence in the power of those lines
to resist the shock characterized the
expressions of all officials.
Allied Resistance I'nshakeaWe.
Some high afmy officer, hereto
fore confident that the German posi
tion on all 'ronts made a defensive
attitude in the forest almost manda
tory, viewed with easerness the pos
sibility that a great thrust at Paris
or the channel ports had been actual
ly set In motion. They telieved only
some internal pressure that would
not broofe wise counsel conld force
the general staff to risk such a ven
ture. They believed, too, that a
German assault in the west now
would bring the ultimate triumph of
the allied catgs. close, because the
resisting powr df the allied armies
is unshakeifble. .
"If thisikin-J'act a German drive,"
said one genera officer, "I will look
upon it as the mott hopeful sign In
the war thus far. Defeat of the
movement is certaal
Peace Offer Reported.
"But I cannot believe that it is a
real drive. Every requirement of
reason would direct, the Germans to
press their exploitation of Russia's
resources and Russia's man power
to the limit while they held the west
front locked against our efforts."
Reports from Holland that a peace
offer had been made semi-offielally
to the entente by Germany caught
immediate attention. There was
nothing at the state department to
confirm this report, but some ob
servers' saw the possibility that the
menace, of the German guns had
been turned loose to play a thun
derine preludie to such an offer for
the erf ect upon the French and Brit
ish people..
Motive Causes Speculation.
Others saw possible significance
in the fact that the German, on
slaught comes quickly on the heels
of the acquisition of Dutch shipping
by the United States and the allies.
There was speculation as to wheth
er that incident might have created
a motive for the drive. In view of
th strategic situation.
The purpose might be," it was said,
to overawe European neutrals, or it
might be that realization that the
submarine campaign had failed to
block the movement of American
tronna to France led to : resort w a
desperate effort to reach the eh
nel ports.
Offensive launched Early.
From' a purely military standpoint
the launching of an offensive this
early, in the year is an Innovation.
Experience would indicate that the
ground is as yet too soft with the
winter rains for extensive troop and
transport movements necessitated in
pressing home a great thrust. The
spring appears to be early in Eu
rope, however, and the German ex
perts have certainly gauged every
factor before nnd-takinr extensive
operations. It may well be that
prolonged bombardment, covering
many days of; constant gunfire, will
follow the Initial rush In the Cara
brai sector, paving the way for
greater efforts by the infantry later.
The situation at Cambral has
menaced the security of the German
lines ever since the surprise assault
by the allies last year gave them cer
tain strategic advantages. It was
thought here early today that the
(Continued on Page C)
American Patrol Gets Valu
- able Information in Raid
With French
Fire from Barrage and Guns
of Germans Makes Con
tinuous Flash -
IN FRANCE. March 21. The raid
into the German positions east of
Luneville last night by American
and French 'troops was carried out
under cover of" darTtness and as a
haze beanN to roll In over the hills
facing the American lines on that
particular portion of the sector.
Fiom an, observation station high
In a tree y top, the correspondent
watched -the artillery preparation. It
began soon after dusk, orange-colored
bursts of flame where the Ameri
can guns were firing showing in cer
tain places in the wood roundabout.
From the hillside across valley the
German guns retaliated.
Deafening Roar Begins.
For more than half an hour the
brilliant bluish-white flash or their
guns was like a jumping electric
spark here and theie. Soon the re
ports of the explosion became a
deafening roar which rolled In from
everywhere as the guns far and near
came into action. This was the time
for the barrage. From ihe spot
where the shells fell a constant red
glow shone through the darkness.
At the same time the German guns
increased their fire.
As the barrage lifted, the road be
came quiet Just at the moment the
Americans and French went over the
top. The noise of the German guns
sounded like some one beating a big
bass drum.
Rifle Fire Break In.
Soon nearly alt the firing ceased
and almost immediately the staccato
rattle of machine guns and automatic
rifles fcegan. Occasionally rifle fire
broke In and then all was fairly quiet
for nearlv hair an hour except tor oc
casional bursts of rifle fire and short
bursts of allied rifles.
. The first members of the raiding
narly to return to the American first
line were the stretcher bearers. When
ill th raiders had returned dull ex
plosions sounded from within the en
emy lines and occasionally there wer
bursts of flame showing where dug
outs were.belnfc blown u. .
German Troop Flee.
The raiding party came back mod
stained and some were smeared with
blood. Thev reported they had se
cured no prisoners because the Ger
mans had fled as the Americans and
French drooped Into their trenches;:
Some of the Gertnans were shot
while they were frvine to get away
and others were killed by the Amer
ican shells. One German wh had
placed himself between the first and
second lines with an automatic rifle
was discovered by an American sold
ier who challenged him. The Ger
man turned to draw a revolver. The
American promptly killed him and
went on further into the enemy lines.
The patrol got much information
of value and excent for the lack of
prisoners the raid was pronounced
a success from every point of view,
bv both French and American of
ficers. Most of the infantrymen who
participated in the raid are from New
York, although there were some from
New Jersey. Some of the engineers
who accompanied the party as pio
neers are from California.
Fate oi Bolsheviki
Members Is Postponed
NORFOLK, Va., March 21. IT. S.
Commissioner Percy S. Stephenson
at the request of department of jus
tice agents today indefinitely post
poned rendering a decision in the
cases of the forty seven members of
the Bolshevik crew ?of the Russian
-steamer Omsk on charges of violat
ing the espionage act. The agents
said they wished more time to col
lect additional evidence The Rus
sians are in jail.
Women Asked to Take
Men's Places in Cities
WASHINGTON. March 21. The
primary responsibility for furnish
ing labor for the farm this year i
a community and not a government
al one, said Clarence Ousley, assis
tant secretary of agriculture, in a
statement tonight on womenworking
cn farms. "No agency of the gov
ernment.' he said, "can create labor
or compel men to pursue any partic
ular vocation." '
He urged tin Women seek to re
place men in cities at brief intervals
to enable the men to work on th j
farms during the cultivating and bar
vesting season, pointing out that "It
should be understood that the man
power of the country l not yet ex
hausted and that except for certain
lighter tasks men are better adapted
for farm work."
UP TO $2.20
Favorable Order From Food
Administration Comes Af
ter Conference in Senator's
Office at Washington
Julius Barnes of Grain Cor
poration Is Led to Change
His Mind
WASHINGTON, March 21. (Spec
ial to The Statsman.) The farm-
J ers of Oregon and trie entire north
west will get a better price for their
wheat this year than they have ever
known before. For this price they
are much indebted to Senator
Charles I. McNary and his untiring
efforts with the food administration
and with the shipping board.
Food Administrator Hoover, I.on
record in writing, in a letter to Sen
ator McNary, as saying "the gtain
corporation Will maintain the Chica
go basic price (on wheat) for Pa
cific coast points so large as the
shipping board maintains the rates
mentioned ' by you."
Under the proclamation of the
president, of February 23,. the Chi
cago price forTs'o. 1 northern wheat
is $2.20. Mr. Hoover's letter to Sen
ator McNary means that the price
at Portland ,as well as Seattle, will
be ?2.20 or substantially that.
McNary Enlists Barnes.
Early in February a delegation of
wheat growers from t ho "northwest
came to Washington to ask' that a
price be fixed for 1918 wheat. They
sought out Senior McNaiy ' and
asked his cooperation. The senator
immediately arranged a series of
conferences between these farmers
and the various officers of the food
administration and the shipping
board, and accompanied them on
each occasion. IU was. at his in
vitation that Julius Barnes, head of
the federal grain corporation, came
to Washington to confer with the
farmers. 'Mr. Barnes was at first
not disposed to favor an early price
fixing, nor was be disposed to favor
any advance in the wheat price in
the northwest. After a long confer
ence in Senator McNary's office, at
which all of the wheat growers were
present, Mr. Barnes changed his at
titude and later rendred great assis
tant in securing a favorable order
from the food administration.
In turn. Senator McNary accom
panied the grain men to the' office
of Food Administrator Hoover,
where the northwest situation was
thoroughly discussed, with the re-
(Continued on page C.)
Have you seen Brother Bill?
. Whejther you have or pot you want
to seej him and take advantage of
the opportunity to help boost him
along on his merry way in the cause
of lilierty, justice and humanity.
Brother Bill is the bie Red Cross
ram who was donated to the Ameri
can Red Cross by a patriotic citizen
of Jefferson county. Or., and, since
he was first put no for auction at
Bend, he has been the means of rais
ing a total of $5000. all of which
goes to the benefit of the Red Cross
chapters who receive him as a guest
and pass him along to the (next
Brother Bill came up from Port
land last night ands will be on exhi
bition at the Counlry Fair and Auc
tion Sale at the armory today and
tomorrow, so lha everybody will
have a chance to lid upon him and
thus help out In replenishing the
funds of Willamette chapter. Red
Cross. He will be one of the many
big features and attractions and will
be pleaded to meet and greet all , of
his friends of Salem and surround
ing country.
Open Thi Morning.
Everybody be on hand with your
pocketbooks (latch strings out)
when the gates of the big Red Cross
Country Fair are thrown open to the
public at the armory this morning.
Not only that, but be prepared to
hang around until the "last dog is
hung" on Saturday night, which will
be along In the wee sma hours of
Sunday morning, if you do not want
to miss "anything. For there is go
ing to be,something doing every min
ute and one cannot afford to pass
up any of the big surprises that are
in store for the people. And it is
impossible to pull everything off
within an hour, or even eight hours,
so you will have to be on hand early
Attitude Toward Dtch Has
. Been Changed by Ship
ping Situation
U. S. Officials Believe Repri
sals Will Be Commenced
on Neutral -
LONDON. March 22. Dispatches
from The Hague report that a local
news agency says that Germany con
siders her Telations with Holland
altered -by the attitude of the Dutch
government toward the entente and
the United States and publishes a
report that the abandonment by the
Dutch government of the remaining
restrictive clauses in its shipping loan
terms would be regarded by Germany
as cause for war. -
WASHINGTON; March 21. Al
though off-ials declined tonight to
put any detluite Interpretation oh
dispatches from The Hague, purport
ing to outline Germany's attitude to
ward" Holland, it was pointed out
that the Dutch government under
German threats had rejected the
British-American- shipping- demands.
The belief was general heres how
ever, that the requisitioning of
Dutch ships in American and British
waters would result in German re
prisals upon Holland and that unre
stricted submarine warfare woul.d be
extend edo the Dutch gone,
Governor to Be Asked to f
Pardon Thomas J. Mooney
A petition for the pardon of Thomas
J, Mooney will be filed with Gov
ernor William D. Stephens as soon
as -the supreme Court issues the re
rhittur on its decision affirming
Mooney's conviction and, sentence to
death on a charge of murder in con
nectien with the preparedness day
bomb explosion in July. 1916. -
Attorney Maxwell McNutt, repre
senting Mooney, made this statement
today, explaining that the issuance
of the remJttur will close-any possi
fbility of reopening the case.
The remittur will be issued auto
matically on March 31.
Royal Flying Corps
Cadet Killed Instantly
FORT WORTH, Texas March .21'.
A royal flying corps cadet was
instantly killed at Taliaferro field
near here today when his plane fell
several hundred feet. Details of the
crash and the name of the victim
were not obtainable' at H. V. C.
headquarters. 1
'and constantly In order to get! the
rull benerit.
Mrs. John A. Carson, chairman
over all In the colossal exhibition
and sale, and her valiant corps of
able and willing assistants have been
turning the whole country upside
down and topsy turvy for good
things and entertaining iand amus
ing features for this affair and ; if
anything has been overlooked it is
not their fault. Irt this work they
have bpen ably assisted by an effi
cient corps of jvolunteer patriotic
citizens of the masculine gender and
if preparation and work have any
thing to do with; it, nothiag can pre
vent its ,'being a graiid success and
productive or splendid, results from n
financial point of The only
thing that stands InV the way of a
complete success in every particular
is lack of attendance and that Is
strictly up to the public. .
Xu Mere jKalem Affair.
"This is not to be a Salem affair,"
said Mrs. Carson, in speaking of the
big Red Cross benefit undertaking,
yesterday morning. . "It Is for every
body. A community afrair would
more nearly express the Idea and
everybody should get together,
country, elty and haml?t, and let us
show the rest of the state and other
states how we do thinrs in this sec
tion, "particularly the section em
braced within the limits of Willam
ette chapter of the Red Cross. The
country people have given most ex
traordinary assistance, have contrib
uted imoft liberally to the stock of
goods, wares, merchandise, livestock
and everything for the big auction
sale of Saturday, as well as for other
features of the great show and sale,
and we hope they will Tome in full
(Continued on page 6)
German Armies Strike at
British and French lines
Over Front of 50 Miles ;
Greatest Battle of Entire
War . May Be Commenced
Bombardment Begun Before
-Early Dawn Breaks; nfan-
try Storms Out ; German
Losses Declared Heavy
GOI MI,LIN(;, WiriJi WIN',"'
AMSTERDAM. March 21.
"The prize of victory must not
and will not fail us no sort
peace, but one which corres
ponds with Germany's inter
ests." Km per or William tele
graphed the Schleswig-Holateln
provincial council, according to
a Kiel dispatch. The emperor's
telegram was sent in reply to a
congratulatory message.
Field Marshal von 1 linden
burg has telegraphed- to the
Posen provincial council as fol
lows: . "God willing, we will .also
overcome the fenemy In the west
and clear the way to a general
peace." '
(By The A undated Pretsl
1 Exactly twenty-five months after
the Germany began the historic bat
tle of Verdun, the thunder of their
guns deepened into a tempest of fire
along the British front in northern
France and they began what may be
the greatest battle of the war, a
struggle which may lead to results
which will shape the destinies of
people over coming centuries.
The attack was made on a scale'
hitherto : unknown during this war
of major offensives. It was over a
front of fifty miles. ,
Offensive iAuuelied at 5 a. m.
The bombardment began at
o'clock Thursday morning Just be
fore the early spring fdawn was
breaking over eastern France. Shells
of large and small calibers were
rained upon the lines ield by the
British about five hours. Then Ger
man Infantry stormed outrtoimake
the first great assault. The, Ger
mans, favored by the wind, moved
forward tinder ' cover or a pall of
smoke which hid the assaulting .col
umns from the eyes of the British
holding the -front lines.
Describing the battle, Andrew
Bohar Law informed the bouse of
commons that rightly held portions
of the British line had been with
drawn, but said that there was no
need for alarm on the part of the
conntry. The Associated Press cor
respondent at the British front re
ports that an attack there had been
expected and that great preparations
had been. made to meet It. The Ber
lin official report says that the Ger
mans have penetrated into some
British positions.
French 'Front "Attacked.
Nor were the German ef rorts con
centrated on the rront held ,by the
British. Early Thursday morning
the Germans assaulted the French
lines near the village of Ornes, to
the northeast of Verdun, and claim
to have penetrated to ar considerable;
distance. Near Rhelms, too. the
French were subjected to an assault,
but here the artillery bore the bur
den of the fighting. v
Nothing has been reported as to
an attack on the. lines held by the
Americans. That such an attack
may yet be launched, and with only
slight artillery preparation, is within
the possibilities.
The activity in the American sec
tors during the past three weeks
would indicate that the Germans
have been concerned with the dispo
sition of General Pershing's legions,
their probable strength and the lo
cation of the batteries supporting the
infantry holdinsr the lines.
Austrian on Yet Front.
The Germans have called upon the
Austrian army for assistance in their
erfort to carry the battle to the en
tente allies, for the official reports
from Berlin say that , Austro-Hun-garian
artillery is engaged along
the western front.
The French official reports state
that the Germans have been sanguin-
(Continued on Pica 2. J