The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 15, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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    SSSSff., ".j) llStld DAILY EDITION
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HUMBLING OF
NEUTRALS IS
GERMAN AIM
U-Boats Begin Ruthless Cam
paign to Starve Northern
. Nations to Dependence on
. Teutonic War Lords
SINKING OF SWISS
SHIP IS DELIBERATE
Energy Is Directed to Destroy
- Vessels for Use in After
War Trade
WASHINGTON. March 14. Ger
many's latest campaign o? rutbless
ness against neutral shipping is at
tributed by the war trade board in a
statement tonight to a deliberate
plan for cutting; off the north Euro
pean nations from American and al
lied food supplies and thereby re
ducing them through starvation to a
political and economic dependence
upon the Teutonic war lords.
' While' the board makes no refer
ence to the determination of ! the
United States and Great Britain to
take over Dutch ships in American
, and allied ports nnless The Nether
lands government accepts a pending
economic agreement, its statement
throws interesting light npon the sit
uation which led to this decision.
The hope is expressed that the neu
trals will contrast the respect ve at
titudes of the United States and Ger
man v 1 1 ward the problem of feed
ing; them.
Following is the statement: .
Humble Neutral. German Aim.
v "Germany's war leaders are using
the submarine war weapon to pre
vent fulfillment of American agree-
: ments to feed and relieve European
neutrals. A mass of cumulative evi
dence and indications in the posses
sion of the war trade board show
that Germany is employing the sub
marine menace to prevent, neighbor
- neutrals receiving any food or favors
at the hands of the United States and
Its associates in the war and to eo-
- erce these neutrals f through starva
tion 1 1 to political and economic de
penrrpe upon -Germany quite as
much as to strike at the communl
catrons of its opponents Germany's
(Continued on Page 2.)
Do You Realize That You Have Only 1 6
. Days in Which to Prepare for
Easter Siradlay .
which will be 1 oh March 31st this year. Of course youH
want a dress for the occasion which will be in accord with
present fashions.
You should examine duf
new Spring
, ... SIIiKSr 1
We are showing a complete Una of weaves for yon to
choose from in all the popular colorings.
TAFFETA SILKS IN NOVELTY PLAIDS
TAFFETA SILKS IN NEW BROAD STRIPES in a great
r ariety of color combinations r "
TAFFETA SILKS IN GINGHAM PATTERNS
PLAIN TAFFETAS IN A FULL COLOR RANGE
SILK SERGED IN STRIPES AND PLAIDS
NEW FOULARD SILKS in the most approved patterns
NEW TUB SILKS
ALL DESIRABLE WEIGHTS OF SHANTUNG PONGEE
SILKS
HEAVY SILK CREPES FOR COATINGS
CREPE DE CHINE in several grades.
We can match' almost any shade in our high grade
GEORGETTE CREPE now ; used so extensively in com
blnation with other, fabrics. The quality df our merchan
dise is better for the price because our profits are figured
on the spot cash basis and our economical plan of business.'
Our store closes at 5:30 every evening except Saturday at
8 o'clock. ' ' .' '
WILSON ONLY
STATESMANTO
GREET RUSSIA
Robert Cecil's. Statement De-
dared Unfortunate at
Delicate Time
GERMAN MENACE TOLD
Mr. Balfdur Points Out Dan
ger Allied Cause Faces
in Far East
LONDON. March 14. Speaking
in the house of commons today on
the situation In the east Foreign
Secretary Balfour expressed perfect
confidence in Japan's absolute loyal
ty in carrying out any devlsion that
might be reached and declared that
in this ouestion he had drawn no
distinction between Japan and other!
allies.
i H. B. Lees-Smith, Liberal, for
Northampton.: who several days ago,
notified the house of his intention,
asked Mr. Balfour whether he could
give the house any information r.v
garding the rumors as to the inten
tions of Japan in Asiatic Russia and
what was the attitude of Great
Britain on this subject.
Cecil Statement DUHked.
Lord Robert Cecil, he said, had
made a statement on the Question
which was of a startling character
and most unfortunate at the present
time. There was not the slightest
evidence, he declared, in support of
the statement that a large number
of German prisoners in Siberia had
been armed and that a German gen
eral was on the way to organise
them. There was no evidence that
Germany was going to play into tbf
allies hands and dissipate her force
by a mad expedition into Siberia.
If the allies occupied Russia's eastern
province, they could not at the
peace conference be able to . raiso
kthelr voice on behalf of the worll
for Lithuanian or Rumania. .
WUnoii'h I Only Sfesaago. ;
He dwelt upon the fact that Presi
dent Wilson was the only allied
statesmen to send a message to th
Moscow - conference, - and declared,
that the avowed policy and language
of Prelsdent Wilson were quite at
variance. with those of Lord Robert
Cecil, whlth contemplated a policy
which would mean that Japan would
have V make war en the soviet gov
ernment of Russia, because if she
(Continued on Pas: 2.1
;
SAI.KM,
AMERICA TO
SEIZE MANY
DUTCHSfflPS
Million Tons of Ships to Be
Used by Allies if Holland
Does Not Agree Before
March 18
ULTIMATUM DELIVERED
BY UNITED STATES
German Pressure Blamed;
Agreement Reached With
Great Britain
WASHINGTON. .March 14, After
months of .delay and unsuccessful
negotiations with The Netherlands,
the United States and Great Britain
have decided to take over on March
18 for allied use all Dutch ships in
allied portsunIess. The Netherlands
government accepts agreement to
that purpose before. that time.
This will bring practically a mil
lion tons of ships to the aid of. the
allies at a time when they are sorely
needed.
MiniMter Make Appeal.
The Netherlands inister, Augustus
Phillips, had an engagement with
President Wilson today and it' was
expected he would present from his
governent a final appeal that the
action be delayed or at least modi
fied. There are no indications, however,
that the allied governments will re
cede from their decision. In fact, a
final communication is understood
already to have been presented at
The Hague by the British and jAmeri
can diplomatics representatives.
In addition to being recompensed
for the loss of any of the ships, the
Dutch are to reeeiv? liberal compen
sations in breadstuffs, which they
need badly.
German fretuiure Blamed.
German pressure Is expected to
deter The Netherlands government
from accepting the agreement the
allies propose and the taking over of
the ships under international law is
looked upon as a logical solution and
not entirely an unfortunate one for
Holland. J
Officials and diplomats here have
no fears that the taking over of the
Dutch ships will force Holland into
the war, as has been predicted In
some quarters. They ate certain that
Holland will continue her policy of
neutrality. ;
The taklhg over of all the Jutc!i
fleets is the great eft move of Its
kind since the beginning of the war.
Kngland To Act, Too.
LONDON, March 14.--Because of
the long delays in the negotiations
with Holland over Dutch ships In
allied ports and the slowness of the
Dutch government to act In this re
spect, Great Britain and the United
States have reached an agreement
to end the negotiations and take
over all such ships next week for the
use of the allies.
j The amount of tonnage , made
available to the allies through the
Dutch arrangements is 1,000.000
tons, of which 70 per cent is in the
United States. 15 per cent in Brit
ish ports and 15 per cent in other
allied ports.
fcvery precaution will be taken to
safeguard the rights of the owners.
The ships will be' insured and armed
and any ships sunk will be replaced
at the earliest possible time after the
war. 1 - ' , -
Dutch Not Informed.
THE HAGUE, March 14. The
Netherlands government; according
to high authority here1, was not in
formed that unless the Dutch ships
In allied ports were unreservedly de
livered to the allies bv March 18
they would be taken over. But the
British minister at The Hague in
formed the government that unless
a satisfactory answer Was forthcom
ing by March 18 regarding naviga
tion of the danger zone by Dutch
ships, other measures would have to
be taken ,tto get these chips moving.
Castle Rock People Go Out
of Doors and Solute Flag
CASTLE ROCK, Wash.. March 14.
Every inhabitant of Castle Rock
who was physically fit (o get out of
doors saluted the American flag to
day, -i --
The demonstration was arranged
y a committee of citizens, follow
ing reports that some residents of
the town were disloyal. The inay:r
inssued a pcoclamation calling upon
all residents to appear on the streets
at 1 p. m, and give evidence of their
patriotism. The stores were closed.
The schools were dismissed and the
pupils joined In the demonstration,
i The mayor led the parade, fol
lowed by a bajnd playing patriotic
music. Nobody declin to salute
the flag, and members of the com
mittee on arrangements who had
checked upt thosfe present, announced
afterwards that all able-bodied resi
dents of Castle Rock, big and, little,
had been present and attested their
allegiance. Castle Rock Is a town of
about 1500 population.
1KK;. HCIIV MOKMN.j, MARCH 1 11K
AMERICANS RUIN
BIG GAS ATTACK
FROM GERMANS
Four Groups of Gas Projec
tors Are Blown to Pieces
by Artillery
NO YANKEES ARE KILLED
Listeners Driven Off Near
Toul; Germans Are Busy
Behind Lines
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
IN FRANCE, Tuesday. March 12.
Four groups of German gas projec
tors, in addition to the 200 projec
tors already reiorted destroyed have
been discovered and likewise blown
to pieces by the American artillery.
Probable German plans for gas at
tacks on a comparatively large scale
against the American positions north
west of Toul have thus been upei.
The 'American artillery nn this
front has been more active than ever
in the past fifteen hours and its
shells also found lodgement in a
number of ammunition dump which
were blown up.
Americans In Raid.
Details of the recent raid have
Just developed and show that while
numbers of Germans were killed by
nhell fire when the box barrage wa
in effect and others later by th
creeping barrage, there were also a
few of the enemy shot here and
there during the time our men werrj
in the trenches. There were many
Americans among the raiding party
of four officers and seventy men who
did not see a single German soldier.
All the men In the raid seemed par
ticularly impressed with the way the
American barrage worked.
"It worked like a clock. said one
soldier whose home is in Texas. "It
made you feel yon could go right
on to Berlin behind it. The onlv
trouble at this show was we didn't
see enough of Fritx. He must bav
beat It like a rabbi tt, because I did
not see a single one all the way
back to the second line, although
some of the other fellows did."
Xo - Caxaaltie Snf fered.
The men went in 150 yards on a
JO yard front. None of the Ameri
cans was killed and none is missing.
It la certain that five Germans wera
killed In the fighting.
Artillery fire of quite a lively char
acter also is continuing in the eec
tor est of Luneville. So far as is
known the Germans have not re
occupied their first and second lines
there. t-
Both the Lunetllle sector and that
of Toul have been much occupied
with snipers today, as well as last
night. In the former sector one
sniper was detected In a tree after
a period in which he had done fairly
effective work.
One of the American sharpshoot
ers crawled cautiously forward to a
vantage point in No Man's Land and
opened up on him. The second shot
hit the German, whose body dropped
to the enemy wire where it buAV for
the rest of the day.
German LMener Driven Off.
Northwest of Toul rifle fire and
grenades dislodged a German former
sniper's post in a shell hole and also
(Continued on Page 2.)
EIGHTEEN KILLED
IN TRAIN WRECK
Pennsylvania Crash Is Caused
by Landslide; Many Are
Injured
HARRISBl'RG, Pa., March 15.
Pennsylvania railroad train No. 19,
the Cincinnati. Indianapolis and Chi
cago express westbound from "Phil
adelphia was wrecked east f KUza
bthtown near here today. It Is re
ported to have been buried under a
landslide.
A relief train with nurses and
physicians will fdart from Harris
t.urg for the scene as soon as it can
be made up. According to reports
at division headquarters many - per
son were injured and" probably sev
eral kiied.
PHILADELPHIA. March 1". Re
ports received at the general offices
of the Pennsylvania railroad her
were that a huge boulder rolling
down the mountain side had strncg
train No. 1. wrecking three or four
sleepers. The Masonic home at
Llizabethlown has been thrown open
for the care of the injured whese
number has not yet been ascertain-d
Neither is it known whether any one
was killed.
Traffic on all four tracks was
blocked by the wreck.
LANCASTER. Pa.. March 13.
Reports received here state that
eighteen perrons were killed and
about forty injured in the wreck of
train No. 19 on the Pnnsylvanla
railroad near Ellzabethtown. T'n?
train is believed to have run into a
landslide in' the west cut abore the
station on the westbound track.
CONGRESS TO
BE INFORMED
OF PROGRESS
Administration Embarks on
Policy of Keeping Legisla-
tors Daily Posted on Fight
ing Front in Europe
INQUIRIES WILL BE
MADE UNNECESSARY
Army Men Fully Answer
Questions; Improvement
in Shipping Noted
WASHINGTON". March 14. The
administration formally embarked
today on a policy of taking congress
completely into its confidence as to
ihe progress of war preparations and
.developments on the fighting front
in Europe. At the invitation of
Acting Secretary Crowell, members
of the senate military committee
were In session at the war depart
ment for nearly two hours with the
full membership of the war council,
and beginning next week will meet
with that body .every Saturday
morning.
Mem lie r s of the-house committee
will meet with the council tomorrow
and a similar arrangement for
weekly .meetings will be made with
that committee. Probably a large
rom will be obtained later so that
the committees of both bouses may
be received In Joint session.
Quick In forma; Ion In Aim.
Thus the war department meets
the inslsteni demand of congress for
a greater share In the conduct of
the war and removes the real cause
which led the senate committee's
prolonged investigation of the army
with its attendant bitter criticism.
It wai pointed out today that mem
bers of congress now would know
first hand about current develop
ments. Instead .of getting informa
tion months late through the exami
nation of witnesses, and could make
their" criticisms at a time when they
would count. 0 ;
Movements "for the creation of a
joint congressional committee on the
conduct of t?".e war have been sup
pressed by President Wilson's unal
terable opposition to interference
with the powers and duties entrust
ed to the executive by the constitu
tion. Through" the conferences now
inaugurated, however It Is suggested
that the Teriilar committees acting
in full harrftony with the executive
officials will 1e able to accomollfh
all and nrobably mere toward keep-l
in conrfess In touch with what Is
going on that would have been pos
sible under the special committee
plan.
Question Fully Answered.
Senator Hitchcock of Nebrasks.o
who has led !n much of the senate
criticism of the war department, was
ranking Democratic member present
today in the ' absence of Senator
Chamberlain of Oreron. the 'Chair
man. "The session today was very satis
factory. Senator Hfteheoek said.
"The department has reduced every
thing to diagrams, showing the pres
ent status in each branch and prog
ress beoine made."
Senator Hitchcock added that all
questions asked by the senators had
been answered fully by the men who
are In direct charge of the work,
frankly disclosing every element of
the war work in which the depart
ment Was behind schtUule and the
steps being taken to remedy the dif
ficulty. Shipping Is fmproved.
Tn some respects, the senator said,
notably In the aviation program,
there has been great delay and the
war council has initiated an inves
tigation to determine the cause. An
other member of the committee said
(Continued on Tage 2.)
NEW SALEM BRIDGE WILL BE IN
USE BY JULY 4, NUNN "BELIEVES
AH But Three Carloads of Steel Have Arrived and Struc
ture Will Be Finished Ahead of Contract Time Con
tractors Are at Work, on Piers, Two of .Which Are Fin
ishedInspector Comes From Portland. .
Tlie new Marion-Polk county steel bridge at Outer Rt reef will
Le finished alie.ul of contract tint- declares Herbert Nunn, Ktatc high
way cnghicer, ami probably will be okmi for traffic by .luly 4. All
but three carloads of the GM) tons of steel to be used in the con
struction have arrived nnd the three cars are on the road. Twenty
three cars-w-re required to briut? the steeL
The contractors arc now working on the foundation. Two of .the
six piers have hwn completed, one is nearly complete, and tlie base
is finished for one other. The concrete approach on the east end
ha been finished and also the wood aproach on the west end with the
exception of the railing,
T T. Ituell arrived yesterday from Portland to take up the in
spection part of thejob to take the place of J. J. Brooks. Jiuell is
in the employ of the state highway department.
JAPAN EXPECTED
TO ACT AFTER
SOVIETS MEET
Faint Hope Held Russian Fac
tions Will Unite to right
Germany
SPIRIT BADLY CRIPPLED
Trotzky's "Iron Discipline"
Is Believed to Have Come
Too Late
WASHINGTON. March 14. Ja
pan's avowal of ; her intention to in
tervene in Siberia and the announce
ment of the courses to be taken by
the United States and other govern
ments aligned against the central
powers, are expected to follow clog-
ly upon the adjournment of the Rus
sian congress of Soviets, called to
meet tomorrow at Mowov, Official
Washington nnd diplomats here still
retain faint hone that the warring
factions of Russia may yet reject
the German peace terras signed at
Hrest-Litovsk, but almost all inTor
mation that has reached here Indl
rates tilt the fighting spirit of the
disorganized people is too wounded
to resist.
The state department tonight was
still without official knowledge tha
the president's message of sympathy
and promise of aid addres'd to the
Russian people through the congress
had reached Moscow, but that it had
been taken for granted. Word that
the Soviets actually had convened
also was tacking. .
Some little encouragement was
found In the altered attitude of
Trotzky. former liolshevik foreign
minister, as reported by Ambassador
Francis. The ambassador said
Trotzky had been quoted as saying
that he favored putting the army
under "Iron discipline" and oontin
ulng the fight against Germany. His
change of mind, however is believed
to have come too late.
Failure of the soviet to endeavor
to muster the strength of Russia
against Germany probably will bring
to an Immediate conclusion the ne
gotiatioans concerning Japanese In
tervention.
I
Prince lAoli, Former
Russian Premier, Arrested
PETROG RAD, March 14. The
Russian Telegraph, agency announces
that the former Russian' premier.
Prince Lvoff, has been arrested by
the commander of the northern front.
It was reported from Irkutsk
March ? that Prince Lvoff had set
up a new Russian government In the
far east and was awaiting the land
ing of Japanese troops at Vladlvo
stock In order Ao' enter Siberian' ter
ritory with them.
Aviator Loses Lower
Half of Face in Fall
SAN ANTONIO. Texas, March 14.
When an airplane be was attempt
ing to start at Kelly field No. 2 this
morning suddenly lurched forward.
Corporal Cyril J. Favreau. 29, of
Indian Orchard, Masf., was caught
in the whirling propeller blades and
the lower half of his face torn away.
At the base hospital. For Sam Hous
ton,; it was said tonight Favreau will
live.
Bolf Pasha's Appeal
Is Denied by France
PARIS. Wednesday. March 13.
The appeal of Bolo Pasha from the
sentence of death Imposed by court
martial for treason, was rejected
today by the court of revision, which
confirmed the original judgment.
I'KR i: FIVK C'JttfTtt
RESUMPTION
OF WAR PLAN
I0F TROTZKY
Ex-Foreign Minister Advo
cates Reorganization of
Army for'Defense; Ratifi
cation Is Opposed
GERMAN NEWSPAPERS
SEE GRAVE MISTAKE
Russian Policy Has Played
Brilliant Game for Allies
Is View
(By The Aimnciatod Preaaf
The former Dolshevlk fordn min
ifter, Trotzky. ha asiwrted that he
will oppose the ratification of th
peace .treaty with Germany and ad
vocate the reorganization of the ar
my for the defense of Russia. Mean
while Influential newapapcra In Ger
many already are beginning to
the loft of Germany's prestige tn
the far eat becnuse of her machi
nations In Russia and to point out
that Germany' Russian policy
"played the game brilliantly" for
Great Urltaln, the United State and
Japan.
Turks 1 inn-a Armenians.
Meager advices from Constantino
Vie indicate that with the evacuation
bv the Russians of sections of Turk
ish Armenia the Turks are again
narrating tho Armenians, but that
the Armenians are offering resis
tance. Krzerum the principal city
in Armenia, already has been reoc
Kupied by the Turks.
Another case of "frlghtfnlnes"
by German submarine commander-i
is chronicled in a icport of an at
tempt to send the Urltlsh hospital
fhip Guilford Castle, with 450 sUk
or wounded r-oldlers on board, to
the bottom. Notwithstanding tho
plain markings of the hospital ship,
two torpedoes were launched
against it. One of the mlssil?3
struck the, vessel's bow, badly dam
aging it. but she was able to make
port with difficulty.
On the major battle fronts ' tho
operations continue, as for weeks
past, mainly of artillery duels, trench
raids and intensive aerial activity
by all the opposing forces. In the
operations on land the American
troops continue to locate and blow to
pieces with their artillery gas pro
jectors In the Toul region, which
the Germans recently have been at
tempting to set up in large numbers
in preparation, it is believed, for a
gas attack dp a huge scale.
American aerial observers have
been doing splendid work spotting
out the gas tubes and reporting their
whereabouts to the artillery.
Cierman Ilatterfen Silenced.
Not alone are the gas throwing
Implements coming in for attention
by the American gunners, but Ger
man batteries, trenches, wire entan
glements and points of military con
centration and monition dumps ala-",
are being given pra&ical demonstra
tions of the accuracy of aim of the
men behind the American guns.
Additional batteries have been si
lenced by them, trenches and wire
entanglements have been torn to pbc
es and ammunition dumps blown up.
"With the return of good weather
many airmen daily are to be seen
over the battle lines dropping bom'n
or In aerial combat. The British,
rrench and German air services ail
are claiming numerous victories fy
their aviators in fights In the air.
Durlnjf the first ten days of March
nritish airmen are credited with ao
counuting for 79 German plane,
while the German war office asserts
that on Wednesday 17 enemy ma
chines and three captive balloon?
were destroyed by German airmen
along: the Franco-Belgian front.
The situation In Russia and Si
Iwria apparently is still far from
being-settled. Although the Ger
mans and Anstro-Hongarions still
control territory from Finland to
Odessa on the Black ea. it Is not
certain'-that-the Russians will not
again take up arms against them.
Kieckhefer Scores But
Cannel ax Still in Led
CHICAGO. March 14. Aug'e
Kiechkhefer or Chicago, scored r4
points while Robert Cannefax of St.
Louis, wa making GO In tonight's
block of their match for the world's
three-cushion billiard championship,
but Cannefax still leads, 100 to 96.
because of the eight-point lead he
gained last night.
Woman Is on Trial for
Murder of Orchardist
VMAL1$. Cal..:March 14 The
defense In the ca.e of Mrs. Orleaa V
lloKr, on trial here for the! niurde.
of Will IT. Brooks, wealthy orchard
ist in a Portervlllc hotel last No
vember, was virtually complcfl
when curt adjourned late ioday.
Only one witnea remained to be
called. i a