The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 13, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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    . AVEATHI'H
probably occasional rain; mod
erate southwesterly winds.
DAILY EDITION
SLXT V-S K V 1- NTH YIIAH .YO. 3 l
?0MEN SPIES
ARE AT WORK
FOR GERMANY
Officials Are Tracing Group
of Americans Reported to
Be Furnishing Berlin With
Military Information
SECRET MEETINGS IN
NEW YORK SUSPECTED
Field Glasses Found in Apart
ment One Arrest Is Al
ready Made
, NW YORK. March 12. Federal
authorities la this city are said to
be investigatlhg'a report that a num
ber of women, one an American, trho
Is prominent socially, and who re
turned recently from Europe, have
devised a new method for transmit
ting important military Information
to Berlin. It is reported that these
women, taking advantage .of the
freedom allowed their sex under the
enemy alien regulations, have been
meeting secretly In an uptown hotel.
It Is said that several arrests are
Impending and, according to one re
port, one woman has already been
taken Into custody as a spy.
: In W'llhelm Korthaus, arrested
iere two weeks ago on a presiden
tial warrant and confined today in
the Tombs as a dangerous enemy
alien pending a final disposition of
his case, federal officials said to
night they believed they had found
an arent sent to this country from
Brazil In 1913 by the German gov
ernment. Korthaus had been occupy
ing an apartment in this city over
looking the Hudsdn river .where
American naval craft were accus
tomed to anchor.1 Powerful field
glasses and ' three cameras were
found ia the apartment, it is said.
HOBQKEN. X. J.. March 13.
Th , German's . Home In ' this city,
which commands a view of the Hud
ton river, has been taken over by the
government" and after it has been
renovated. It probably will be nsed
as a barracks for United States sol
fliers or sailors.
HONOLULU, T. H., March 12.
Trial by court martial of Captain
Continued on Pace 3.)
Do You Realize That You Have Only 18
DaysTin VhichJoPrepare for j
aster
which will be on March 31st this year. Of course you'll
want a dress for the occasion which will be in accord with
'present fashions.
You should examine our
NEW SPRING
' SILKS ;
We aro showing: a complete U119 of weaves for you to
choose from in all the popular j colorings.
TAFFETA SILKS IN NOVELTY PLAIDS
TAFFETA SILKS IN NEW BROAD STRIPES in a great
variety of color combinations
TAFFETA SILKS IN GINGHAM PATTERNS
PLAIN TAFFETAS IN A FULL COLOR RANGE
SILK SERGED IN STRIPES AND PLAIDS j
NEW FOULARD SILKS in the most approved patterns
NEW TUB SILKS I
ALL DESIRABLE WEIGHTS OF SHANTUNG PONGEE
-. SILKS
HEAVY SILK CREPES FOR COATINGS
CREPE DE CHINE in several grades.
We can "match almost any shade in bur high grade
GEORGETTE CREPE now used so extensively in com
bination with other fabrics. The quality of our merchan
dise is better for the price because our profits are figured
on thespot cash basis and our economical plan of business.
Our store closes at 5:30 every
8 o'clock. ; -
MRS. BREYMAN
DIES SUDDENLY
AT HOME HERE
Revered Salem Woman Shar
ed EarlyDay Life With
Pioneer Husband
FUNERAL NOT ARRANGED
Mrs. Charles McNary, Mrs.
Boise and Mrs. Snedecor
S Are Daughters
Mre. Margaret E. Breyman. widow
of the late Eugene Breyman, an early
and revered Salem woman died sud
denly yesterday morning at her
home. 619 Court street. She was 78
years old. Mrs. Breyman came direct
to Salem from England in 1841 and
has lived here almost continuously
since. ;
She leaves three daughters, all of
whom are well known Oregonjans,
and one grandson, Breyman Boise,
who was among the first volunteers
in Company M and is in France. The
daughters are Mrs. Frank Snedecor
of " Birmingham. Alabama. Mrs.
Charles McNary, wife of United
States Senator McNary, who is now
in Washington, D. C. and Mrs. Reu
ben R Boise of Salem.
When only a little over a year
old,-Mrs. Breyman came to Salem. It
Is said that she learned to walk when
coming across the plains. Her par
ents died and, when she came to Sa
lem she lived with a sister, Mrs. Hen
ry Rickey. After- two years the
Rickey family moved to Walla Walla,
Wash, and the child went with them.
j Married in Walla Walla.
As a young girl. Mrs. Breyman re
turned to Salem and visited with the
I. N, Gilbert family. It .was there
that-she met Eugene Breyman and
a romance was started and culmi
nated when Mr. Breyman, then one
of Salem's rising young citizens, went
to Walla Walla, to claim his bride,
July 15. 1864.
The couple returned to Salem and
they first lived in a house which is
still, standing, then at the southeast
corner of High and Center streets.
In 1866 they moved to their home at
Court and Chnrch streets, which has
been the Breyman residence for fifty
two I years. The historical walnut
tree which towers high on their
their Church street lawn was planted
soon after their removal there and Is
f Continued on Page 3.)
umday
evening except Saturday at
! .s -;- ;-' X V -
WASTING OF
MONEY LAID
TO HOOVER
Senator Assails Price-Fixing
Policy of j . Administration
and Business Methods in
Three-Hour Speech
REASON FOR YEARLY
SALARIES OF $1 SEEN
Private Industry Pays One of
Food Staff $15,000 a
Year Is Charge j
WASHINGTON. March l2 Sen
ator Reed of Missouri. Be moc rat, Re
newed his attack on Food Adminis
trator Hoover in the senate today,
delivering a three-hour speech in
which he charqcd that never in the
country's history has there been such
wastefulness in the expenditure of
money as thp.t of the food adminis
tration. He demanded -a complete
accounting be made before another
dollar is appropriated for its use. 1
The speech was made in connec
tion with an amendment introduced
by the Missouri senator and later
rejected, providing for the elimina
tion from the urgent deficiency bill
of an appropriation of $1,730, 000 for
the food and fuel administrations.
Price-Fix ng Is Attack-d.
Attacking what he termed the"
price-fixing policy of the food aumin
istratlon. Senator Reed said Mr.
Hoovei solemnly assured the mem
bers of the aiicjlUne committer
when It was considering the control
bill, that rricc-fixins undr its pro
visions would Lo impossible. A3 soon
a? the till was passed, he declared.
Mr. Hoover, surrounded by hH
"board of trade sharps." picked out
an obscure phrase authorizing volun
tary agreements and "proceeded to
conceive a plan for fixing price?."
BninKH Method Criticised.
' The business methods of the ad
ministration were also criticised by
Senator Reed who Raid he wanted
to know what had become of $12,
000,000 received as Income from the
grain corporation and from other
sources. Sicce the administration
was established on August 10, last,
he added $5."1 5.000 has been ap
propriated of which $1,985,429 has
been expended, reports show.
The senator c rokd a telegram re
ceived by him rom I". W. Kellog.
publisher of the San Francisco Call,
whicS detiaredthat the growers of
the western states are at the mercy
of the California packer's corpora
tion, from which Charles Bentley.
a member of Mr. Hoover's staff, is
"drawing an annual salary of $15,000
j Livestock Industry Hurt.
I "Now, I can understand," said
Senator Reed, "why men work for
1 a year nnder those circumstances
fand the country is beginning to un
derstand It."
Senator Underwood of Aalabama,
who was In charge of the hill, ex
plained that the money appropriat
ed by the measuVe was to be used in
extending trie administration', work
to the states, and suggested Inat if
the senate was dissatisfied with the
food law, it should repeal it.
Senator Townsond of Michigan,
Republican, said that in view of the
numerous complaints that had been
(Continued on Page 3.)
MOTORMAN KILLS
HOLD-UP ARTIST
P. G. Heath, Former Penit
tiary Guard, Shot Con
L vict Love
PORTLAND, March 12. An 'uni
dentified hold-up man was killed
tonight at the end of the" Fulton
street car line by P. G. Heath, mo
torman, after the hold-up man haJ
backed the conductor into a corner
with the motorman. Heath was for
merly a guard t the state peniten
tiary and ha flied two shots, the
first bitting a police star worn by
the hold-up man, and the second,
fired througfi . the window striking
through the left shoulder ar.d pen
trating the lunar. ,
The dead man fe believed to be the
same who on February 2S b"ld up a
Fulton car and on March 2 held up
vp.ri on the Hawthorne and Mount
Tabor lines. The star worn by th?
highwayman was a regulation Den
ver polite star No. 229.
P. G. Heath. Portland motorman,
who killed a robber tonight, was,
one of two guards at the state peni
tentiary who killed a convict named
Live about eighteen months ago
while Love waa trying to escape
from a flax-pulling gang. The other
guard was Leland Murphy and both
men-shot Love. Indications weie
that members of the gang had form
ed a plot to kill the guards. Heath
left here atfout two months ago.
v
en-1'
SALKJI, OKKGOX, WEDNESDAY M(H!.M(i, MARCH 13. 1918
MORE COMPANIES
OF HOME GUARDS
ARE FORMULATED
Company E Is Organized With
J. H. Arnold Elected
, As Captain
BUSINESS MEN EAGER
Meyers, Barnes and Dancey to
Report on Third Unit
of Forces
Last night at the armory assem
bled upwards of 500 enthusiastic
men, and in less than three hours'
time, after Captain Wolport of Com
pany D. Oregon Guards, called for
order by the companies then drilling
on the floor, almost 2fl0 men regis
tered their names on the blanks pro
vided, and enough were enrolled to
form two companies.
All were earer to enlist, for local
service. Company D as it stands has
Its members ready to, go at the call
of the state in any part of it where
thev ma v be needed. ,
City Attorney Macy acted as chair
man of t.he meeting for the election
of officers for the second company,
to be known tentatively as Company
K. nd as the election ;roveded it
was found necessary to ballot on the
names . presented for captain, first
and second lieutenant.
There was nttle difficulty in se
lecting as captain. J. H. Arnold, but
It took more than half an hour , to
lect a first and second lieutenant.
Finally Clifford Brown was elect
ed first lieutenant and A. L. Wor
lock second lieutenant. "
As there is still a third company
to be raised, the chair appointed as
a committee to raise this. company
from the business men of Salem Milt
Meyers, W. H. Dancy and E. T.
Barnes.
Enrolled last night in the two
companies are many prominent men
In the city.
Patriotic speeches were made by
Lieutenant Hall. First Sergeant
Choate, Captain Welport and others.
One man when asked the age limit
was told it was supposed to be from
about 18 to. 55 or may be 60.
General Semenoff Runs
From Bolsheviki Fire
HARBIN. Manchuria, March 12.
General Semenoff, aati-Bolsbevikl
leader. In Siberia, has retreated Into
Manchuria before the advance of a
superior Bolshevik force, according
to advices from the border.; The ac
curacy of the Bolshevik fire durinr
figthing, is taken as a result of co
operation of former German prison
ers. Strike of Massachusetts
Firemen Now Is Settled
FALL RIVER. Mass.. March 12.
The strike of the firemen in the big
cotton mills here which has crippled
work on government war contracts
since Sunday was settled tonight. The
men voted to return to work tomor
row morning. The" principal point
at issue wag an eight'hour day and
the manufacturers agreed to take
up this matter Friday, March 15.
ROLL OF HONOR
WASHINGTON'. March 12, To
day's casualty list Issued by the war
department gives the Barnes of seven
enlisted men killed In action, one
dead from wounds, six dead from din
ease, two dead from undetermined
mses, two severely wounded In ae
on and Captain Edward Steller and
twenty men. slightly wounded.
The privates killed In action: wn-
Sam H. Darling. William J. IeUsT,
Michael Galvin. Edward J. Kelly.
Robert Kotolitch, James E. Potts,
and Charles W.j Sutter.
Private Alexander R. Burns died
rtf wounds.
Thosp'who died of disease were:
Cadet Engineer William Belknap.
Wagoner Samuel Harnett and Pri
vates Frank L. Adkins, Roy William
Brackln. Wilson C, Cochran an 1
Charlie Johnson.
Corporal Leroy IT. Crosley and
Trlvate James M. Lyons died from
undertlmined causes.
Private Joe Tylus and Corporal
Russell A. Yarnall were wounded
severely.
The men slightly wounded are:
Sergeants Joseph Petrush and Wil
liam P. Itees. Corporal Frederic
Massey and Bugler Milton H. Folk
and Privates Herbert Beaver. Hen
ry E. Brown. James H. Burns, Thom
as rdello, Clyde A. Gowin. James
C. Hanson. Robert E. Hilliard. Earl
Howard. Henry W. Janssen. William
C. Lindsay, James A. Mahr, Geo.
C. Mattox. Maurice Proctor. David
M. Reid. Clinton A. Rhoads and Geo.
Sharp.
The deaths of Privates Thomas G.
Bragg. Joe D. Brakefieid. Frank T.
Cockrell. Edwin L. Fitch. George E.
Hovey. Fred R. McGill and George
8. Sanford. previously listed as hav
ing occurred in action, are now re
ported as resulting from accidents.
T-T
NEXT DRAFT
WILL START
ON MARCH 29
800,000 Men to Be Called
Gradually During 1918 to
Fill Up Existing Divisions
of National Army
AMERICA TO RELIEVE
STRAIN ON FRENCH
Plans Arc Made for General
Pershing to Hold 100
Miles of Front
WASHINGTON, March 12. Eif.ht
hundred thousand men are to be
called to the colors gradually during
the present year, under the second
army draft, which begins on March
29. !
An announcement tday of Provost
Marshal General Crowder of the
number to be called wai followed
closely by an order for the mobiliza
tion of 95,000 men during the five,
day period beginning March 29, some
15.000 of them to be assembled nnder
the second draft. Eighty thousand
will be men 6T the first draft of 687.
000 not yet summoned Into service.
Withdrawal To Be Gradual.
Details of how the second draft Is
to be applied will be made public
later, after congress has acted upon
proposed legislation providing for
the registration of youths attaining
the age of 21 years and for basing
state and district quotas on tho
number of registrants in class one.
In his first official statement on the
subject, however. General Crowder
assures the country that no sweeping
withdrawal of large numbers of men
at one time is contemplated, and that
care will be taken to avoid Interfer
ence with harvesting. .
The 95,000 now called. is under
stood, are needed at once to fill up
other divisions or units scheduled
for early departure, or to take the
place of men transferred from other
divisions to make np such deficienc
ies. Newly organized regular divis
ions ate particularly short of men
and heavy drafts on national army
divisions to make these good hare
been neessary, seriously interfering
with the training work of the na
tional army divisions dawn upon.
Divisions To Be Completed. "
The call for new nien makes It
probable that no further transfers
will be necessary.
The 8j0,000 men to be summoned
this year represent the number nec
essary to fill up all existing divisions,
to create all the army corps and field
army troops to fill out the war ma
chine for which the framework al
ready exists and to provide a quarter
of a million replacement troops.
When they have been mobilized,
which .wfll not be completed before
the first of next year, there will be
more than forty full Infantry divis
ions of 27,000 men each and all the
additional units necessary. No ad
ditional divisions of the national
army or national guard will be creat
ed this year, although the program"
for the regular army, now composed;
of eight Infantry and one cavalry di
visions, may be enlarged.
Frencli Need Relief.
Tha first purpose of thw war de
partment is to complete the first fleM
army in France. Probably this will
be composed of five army corps of
six Inrantry divisions each. It has
been estimated that with that force
and its necessary , auxiliaries at his
disposal. General Pershing would be
able to hold a 100-mile sector of
the battle front, relieving the strain
upon French man power during 1M8
to that extent. What that would
men to France may be Judged from
published statements of French of
ficals that on January 1, 1918, the
Belgian army held about 15 miles
of the western front, the British
forces about 105 miles and the
French about 3 50 miles.
Food Administrators Meet s
to Talk Over Conservation
WASHINGTON. March 12. Wheat
conservation and the problem of farm
labor occupied the attention of the
forty-three state food administrators
who conferred today with officials
of the food administration. The con
ference will continue through Thurs
day, i. .
Balfour to Discuss
Japan's Intervention
"LONDON. March 12 The subject
of Japan's intervention in Siberia is
to be raised In the house of com
mons by H. B. Lees-Smith, member
for Northampton, when A. J. Bal
four, secretary for foreign affairs,
is expected to reply.
On the Fame day the pacifists will
initiate a debate on Mr. Belfour'a te
ply to the German chancellor's last
speech.
FOOD WORKERS
COPENEHERE
THIS MORNING
Session to Be Continued Dar
ing Afternoon and Also
Tonight
CHURCHILL IS COMING
Dean Milam of Oregon Agri
cultural College Speaks
to Students
A convention of Marion county
food conservation workers will be In
sewsion In Salem nearly all day to
day. Arthnr'M. Churchill, chairman
of the educational committee of the
Oregon food administration, will be
here to lead the convention.
Beginning at 10;30 o'clock this
morning, Mr. Churchill will take np
the work with the delegates attend
ing, and at 2:30 In the afternoon
Mrs. McCombs or Oregon Agricultur
al college will give demonstrations
for housewives and an effort Is be
ing made to have all wno signed food
pledge cards to be present. At 7:80
tonight Mr. Churchill .will speak at
a meeting of all food dealers of the
city, members of the Salem Business
Men's league and members of the
commercial clnb.
Dean Milam of the school of home
economics of Oregon Agricultural
college, who Is the director of home
economics for the "Tood administra
tion for the state, will address the
students of Willamette university at
10 a. m. and at 2 p. m. will speak In
the commercial club auditorium of
the seriousness of the present food
situation. v
Every woman is urged to be pres
ent, since Miss Milam has Just re
turned from Washington, D. C,
where she was called by Herbert
Hoover for a conference in which all
states were represented. '
Coming directly from this confer
ence Miss Milam has a very impor
tant message that It is hoped will
reach every housewife In the county
who is doing her patriotic-duty by
the using of the various substitutes
that the government has requested
of her to make.
150 Motorcyclists Will
Help Protect hone County
EUGENE. Or.. March 12. Eugene
and LAne county will have approxi
mately 150 motorcyclists ready to
come to their defense when the plans
started last night are fully matured.
A branch of the American Federa
tion of Motorcyclists was organized
in this city with fifty enrolled at the
first meeting. Motorcyclists from
all over the country will be invited
to join.
BAKER GOES INTO
HOTE CELLAR
War Secretary Is Given Safe
ty Daring Air Raid in j
City of Paris .
PARIS,- March 12. Secretary
Baker was In conference with Gen--eral
Tasker If. Bliss, the American
chief of staff, in a hotel suite when
the air raid alarm was sounded last
night. Secretary Baker was not per
turbed by the noise of the firemen's
sirens or the barrage of the anti-aircraft
guns, but the hotel manage
ment, fearing for the safety of the,
secretary and his party, persuaded
them to descend to a place of shelter
in the win. cellar.
Mr. Baker and General Bliss con-,
tinned their, conference In the cellar,
where lafcer they were Joined by
Major General William M. Black.
Mr, Baker went to Versailles this
moring for another conference with
General Bliss. . - j
Baker Issues Statement.
PARIS, March 12. Secretary
Paker today made the following
statement concerning Monday night
air raid on Paris:
"it was my first experience of -the
actualities or war and a revelation
of the methods inaugurated by an
enemy who wages the same war
against women and children as
against soldiers.
"If his abjects are to damas
property; the results ,are trifling
when compared with his efforts. If
his objects are to weaken the peo
ple's morale the reply is given by
the superb conduct ofthe people of
Paris.
"Moreover, aerial raids on towns,
which are counter-part of the piti
less submarine war and the attacks
against American rights, are the
very explanation of the reason why
America entered the war. We aro
sending our soldiers to Europe to
fight until the world Is delivered
from these horrors."
nucE fivis ciixii
YANKS MAKE
RAID ON H1I
' LINES ALOIS
Surprise Attack Directed en
German Trenches South of
Richecourt, and Fierce
Fighting Is Developed
GERMAN PRISONERS ;
HELPING BOLSHEVIKI
General $emenoff's Forces
Are Defeated; Paris Air
Raid Kills 34
fBjf The Ataociatcd Prt)
The American troops. Holding a
portion ef the line of battle north
west of Toul. apparently are mak
ing raids into enemy territory a part
of their daily routine. Following
their fncursion of Monday morning,
when, afters a bombardment, they
raided German front lines for 300
yards without the customary aid of
the French. they set out again on
Tuesday and! madeVa successful sur
prise attack! on trenches sooth of
Richecourt, which lies to the north
east of Xivray, where some of the
hardest fighting In which they have
been engaged has taken place.
All along the western front Inten
sive artillery duels and raiding ope
rations are continuing on Isolated
sectors. The Australians again have
carried out successful raids Into
German trenches northeast of Mes
sines. In Lorraine the French, near
Moncel, put down effectively a
strong German attempt at a foray.
In addition to a continuation of the
artillery duels along the Italian
front there ia considerable aerial ac
tivity daily. In fights in the' air
Monday the Italians' brought down
five hostile .planes.
fhe BritisJi troops in Palestine
are giving the Turks; no rest. Agata
they have driven forward their lines
northwest of Jerusalem. Numerous
casualties were inflicted on the Otto
man troops.
i Air Raid Kills Thirty-four.
Monday night's air raid over Paris
was the most disastrous, in point of
casualties, the Germans have yet
carried out there. Thirty-four per
sons were killed-and seventy-nine in
jured by bombs in Paris and Its sub
urbs and sixty-six other persons were
suffocated in the metropolitan rail
way tube, where they had fled to es
cape the mlssjles of the. raiders.
Some sixty -hostile machines carried
out the attack, and four of them
were brought down by the French.
Berlin .says the raid was made as a
reprisal for the" bombing of Stuttgart
and other German towns.
German aircraft attacked , the
Yorkshire coast of England Tuesday
night, and British aviators have .
dropped a ton of bombs on the town
of Coblenz, In Prussia. y
The situation in Siberia apparently
is daily growing more serious. As
yet the Japanese government has
reached no decision concerning
whether Japanese troops are to be
sent to Siberia, according to an an
nouncement made by Premier Te
rauchl. China Sound Warning.
In the meantime the Bolshevik
forces have defeated General Semen
off, the anti-Bolshevik leader, and
compelled him to retreat into Man
churia. Former German prisoners
are believed to be aiding the Bol
shevik troops.
Whether or not the revolutionists
will follow Semenoff Into Chinese
territory is not known at present,
but a warning has been Issued to
them by the Chinese commander a,t
Harbin that any invasion of Chinese
territory will be regarded as an act
of war.
An American steamer on its war
to France has successfully defended
Itself against a German submarine
attack. In the encounter the under
water boat shelled the steamer, dam
aging the bridge and boring a bole
through a smokestack.
LONDON. March 12. Renter's
Limited Shanghai correspondent in
a dispatch, dated last Saturday, says
the Irkutsk Bolsheviki telegraphed
the Chinese authorities at a Maa
chtirla .border station that there was
no intention to show unfriendliness
toward China and that the Bolshevik
force were only attack If g rebel
Genrtl Semenoff. The dispatch adds
that the Chinese replied that China's
relations with Russia not having
been Impaired, the Chinese were un
able to consider General Semenoff a
rebel. - '
Vanks Snffer Xo Casualties..
f WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY
IN FRANCE, March 11. The Amer
ican troops east of Luneville have
axain raided the German positions.
Early this morning after a brief ar
tillery preparation, one platoon
moved across No Man's Land behind
a barrage, entered the enemy lines
and penetrated some distance with
the object of ascertaining whether
the German trenches were still evat-
(Contlnucd os page f )
-A