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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1918)
IN FAR EAST
Ex-President of Council of
' Revolutionary Russia
Awaits Landing of Japanese
. Troops at Vladivostock
TO FORM RED ARMY
Japan Dispatches Force of
4000 Men for Protection
PETROGRAD. Marcb 9. The
Provda, organ of the Holshevikl.
prints a dispatch from Irkutsk whirh
"The ex-president of the council
of ministers or revolutionary Russia.
Prince Lvoff, has constituted in the
far east a new Russian government,
which at present has Its seat at Pe
kln and which it awaiting: the land
ing of Japanese troops at Vladivos
tok in orfter-rlb enter -Siberian terri
tory with them.
, "Teiegra'iMc communication be
tween Vladivostok and Irkutsk is
interrupted. The soviet of Vladivos
tok is mobilizing its forces for re
sistance and is forming a red army."
40OO Men Sent.
LONDON. Friday. March 8. An
account o fthe alleged landing of
Japanese: troops at Vladivostok in
January Is contained In the; Petro
grad newspaper Novaia Zhefn of Ja
nary 19, which has just been re
ceived here. Four thousand troop
were' landed January 12 and 14
from three Japanese ships, the ac
count saysr but the Japanese admiral
nsored the-local workmen's and sol
6it" council that the movement d'd
not mean the commencement of hos
tilities and that the troops were
there only to protect Japanese sub-
Jeet&v - -,
NEW YORK. March 9. A Ger
man account of the reported lanu
ing of Japanese troops at Vladlvoi
tok In January confirmed the. state
ment that American and British
troops also were landed from war
ihJpg of those nations. The report
was contained In a dispatch under
(Continued on Page 2.) '" (Continued on Page 71
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New Expurgated Casualty
List in Use in France
FIRST LIST GIVEN OUT
McCain Reiterates That Rela
tives Will Be Notified
WASHINGTON', March 9. The
war 1 department today issue tho
first; of its expurgates cas-ialty
lists, containing the names of one
captain, one lieutenant and 18 men
killed In action, a lientenant and a
cadet killed in airplane accident, on
lieutenant and twelve men dead of
disease, a lieutenant and twenty
three men severely wounded in ac
tion land thirty six men slightly
The war department's order de
leting the next of kin. addresses and
dates from the lists, was officially
explained today as having resulted
from representations of the Frenc'.i
government to General Pershing that
the casualties as published in this
country made accessible to the en
my valuable Information. At the
fame time the order of the depart
ment was brought up in the senate.
Senator New of Indiana, Introducing
a resolution requesting the depart
ment to inform the senate why the
order was Issued; if such informa
tion would not be "inconsistent with
the interests of the serrlee."
Senator New asked Immediate
adoption of the resolution, but Sen
ator Williams of Mississippi. Demo
crat, objected and the matter went
over until Monday without debate.
Information Given Knemy.
In explaining the reasons for t!v
cYder. Major General Pevton C.
March, acting chief of staff, mad?
public a paraphrase of the cable
gram received from General Persh
ing" recommending the change. Gen1
eral! Pershing said the French gov
ernment had called attention ta the
unquestionably valuable information
which the Germans could obtain
from statements giving the exact
number of casualties resulting after
a raid, and from official statistics
In the form of casualty lists which
gave the precise effects of a gas
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Napavine, Wash. Real Estate
Operator Relieved of
Charge He Murdered Fred
Swayne, Closest Friend
THEORY OF AFFECTION
FOR WIFE HELD FALSE
Main Proves Others Accom
panied Him and Mrs. Swayne
On Auto Trips
CHEHALIS. W.ish,. March 9. -Oscar
Main. Napaviaet real estate op
erator, was found ict guilty ol the
murder of Fred Swayne tonight. Tha
cas was given to the jury shortly
after 4 o'clock tbi afternoon. Af
ter considering the evidence for al
nifct an hour, the jury decided, to
take dinner before balloting m the
verdict. 1 he Jurors returned to the
courthouse shortly after 7 o'clock,
balloted once on the cr.se, and at
8 c 'clock filed into court with tho
Many of those who ciowded iiie
courtroom all week returned to hear
the verdict. Silence fell as - the
Jurora filed into court and intense
silence followed the reading of th
vedict -by the clerk. Oscar Main
accepted the verdict as a foiegcne
conclusion. He nhook hanJs with
each of the Jurors and thanked them
Individually and collectively for the
vindication he was sure they would
Fred Swayne, Napavine grocer,
was found murdered in the rear cf
his locked store on the night of Jan
nary 6. His safe and cash register
weje found open and the iir.t sus
picions were that robbery had been
lb, motive of the crime. A wek
later, however, gossip bgan to con
liect the name r Oscar Main, cio.??
fr'end of the deceased with ths
crime. As a motive it wa.i announced
that Main had formed at attachment
for Mrs. Swayne. This belief waa
founded on ti:e fact that Mrs.
Swayne frequently made trips be
tween Napavine and Chehalis tho
county seat, in Main's automobile.
An information was filed chafing
Mam with tee i.mrder.
Notwlth'tan"ing the fact tl-at tho
state named 34 witnesses, but 12 of
them wera put on the stand. The
only fact that was definitely estab
lished was that the murder wai com
mitted between 5 and 5 30 o'clock lu
the evening. Main was cblo to prove
a complete alibi and to show by
many witnesses that bis wife and
iiany other persons had accompanied
Mrs. Swayn and himself when he
had driven her In bis car between
Nupavine ar.d Chehalla.
Oscar Main Is a brother ot Supreme
Court Justice John Main of Washing
ton. Justice Main and his wife, an
well as another brother from the
east, having been In attendance at
the trial all week.
14 MILES A DAY
Monmouth Man Who Walks
to Greenwood Says Ef
ficiency Is Better
MONMOUTH, Or.. March 9.
(Special to The Statesman.) Out
door exercise for school teachers is
the recommendation which the Ore
gon Normal school is making to its
students, many of whom In a short
time will be rural school teachers.
S. H. Hethers, teacher ol' the Green
wood rural school. In eastern Polk
county, is the first to carry the ad
vice into actual practice.
Mr. Hefner, who Is a lesident of
Monmouth, starts out In the morn
ing, not in a cart or o horse, but
on his feet. He gathers up his books
and his lunch pall, and walks via
Independence. There he takes the
Salem road. It is seven miles to the
5reenwood school. After school is
out In the afternoon. Mr. Hethers
walks back to Monmouth, making
his total walking distance on a
school day fourteen miles.
Every mile walked l a mile fur
ther to the "heaven of efficiency."
thinks Mr. Hethers. Tie walk, he
fitw i not tiresome, for he has
(lien walking hack and forth for
ovfl' three months, ana tne way now
really seems .much shorter than
when h" first began, i'rom two to
Jwo and a half hours is the time
needed to reach the school in the
mornings, but the way bi ck to Mon
mouth Is made with a feeMng of 1 ss
It ls not to save transportation
chanfes that the seventy miles a
weekl are made by foot, is the ex
planation, but. because " want the
exerclH" After eating his early
breakfast and taking this walk. Mr.
Hethers says he feels more like
tackling the work or the day and
that other school teachers would do
well' to take more walking exercises.
Rare Quality of Courage
Shown in Meeting Ger
mans, Say French
FIGHTING SPIRIT IS HIGH
Precise Firing Successful in
Dispersing Boche; Energy
WASHINGTON.! March 9. Her
man troops In their attack in Lor
raine on the night of March 4 twice
gained a footing In the American
trenches only to be driven out in
I fierce fighting. An official dls
; patch from France giving the
j French view of tho encounter said
Ihe Americans showed a "rare qual
ity of courage, self-possession and
calm bravery, which won them the
admiration of the neighboring
French troops and the hearty con
gratulations of the French high
The Americans engaged were the
latest to enter the trenches, going
into training with the French. First
news of their presence nn the battle
line came In the French 'official
statement of March 5. which told of
their brave conduct In repulsing the
Herman. Today's dispatch, which
gave the first details of the fighting,
Knemy Drli'en Hack.
"After a verv heavy artillery prep
aration, including shells of all cali
bers, which completely demolished
the eround of the sector, a strong
attack was made npon the positions
occuoled by the Americans. A few
of the enemy succeeded in pene
trating, into a trench, but ail ener
getic and , severe counter attack
threw them back In confusion.
"Meanwhile another section suc
ceeded In cutting the barbed wire In
fronf of the positions where the
fighting was goijg on, but they also
were quickly dispersed by the pre
cise firing from the rifles and ma
Mornle nn1 Knerjry Prniseil.
"A third, company finally suc
ceeded In, stealing their way Into
the lines and attempting a flanking
attack which was on the point of
succeeding. Here especially the
Americans gave proof of splendid en
ergy alhd a morale beyond all praise.
Almost entirely surrounded, they did
not dream for one instant of sur
rendering rfnd their efforts to extri
cate themselves were so determined
that they succeeded In displacing
the enemy without leaving a single
prisoner In his hands.
"The same date -towards 4:30 In
the morning, an American patrol of
four men and one sergeant encoun
tered an enemy patrol that was cut
ting the barbed wire and which was
composed of nine men. Giving proof
this time of splendid offensive qual
ities and without considering their
numerical inferiority, the American
patrols threw themselves upon their
adversaries and after a furious com
bat succeeded In putting them to
flight, bringing back with them two
prisoners. r .
"In the attack and In the defense
the American soldiers assumed the
brilliant place which they Intend to
hold among the allies' armies." f
12 German Airplanes
Destroyed by British
LONDON. March S. -Twelve Ger
man airplanes were destroyed in
aerial combats Friday, says an offi
cial statement ou aviation, issued
tonight by the Hrltish war ofHce.
The statement follows:
"In the air fighting on Friday
twelve hostile machines were de
stroyed. Ten were driven down out
of control and others were shot
down by our anti-aircraft gun, fire.
Three of our machines are m inning.
At noon today our machines dr6pped
ten bombs on sidings and factories
at Mainz. All our machines re
turned." Two Walking on Track
J Are Killed by Train
CASCADE IX)CKS. Or.. March
Mrs. A. D. Ventres and Herman
light of this place were killed tonight
by a train on the Oregon-Washington
Hailroad and Navigation com
pany lyine. while walking on the
track near here. They were beneath
umbrellas and failed to notice the
approaching train until too late.
One American Attache
Still Left in Petrograd
WASHINGTON. March 9.--One of
Ambassador Francis telegrams from
Vologda, dated March 5, and receiv
ed tod;y, says al Americans there
are well and tells for the first time
that one of the attaches of the em
bassy was left behind ln Petrograd.
The ambassador tiid not "say who the
attache was. . .
Ten Killed, Many Injured and
Thousands of Dollars of
Property Ruined When
Great Swath Is Cut
FARMERS SEARCH FOR
VICTIMS AMID RUINS
Lines of Communication Hard
Hit; Full Loss of Life ,
LIMA. O., March 9. rirst reports
.'over crippled wires late tonight indit
cated that at least ten persons lo.-f
their lives tonight In a tornado wbiclH
swept vore Northwestern Ohio, cent
ering in Van Wert county, on the
Ohio-Indiana state line. Thousands
of dollars of property damage was
Unverified reports say that IIoI
gate. Continental and Halnier, Ohio,
were practically wiped out by the
storni. Because of demoralized com
munication service, It was impossible
to obtain the death list or the ex
tent of the damage tonight. Trac
tion ears in the storni district have
not been beard from Bine. 6 o'clck,
just before the Tornado broke.
Farmers are reported to have started
out to hunt victims in the ruins of
houses which were blown down.
Accord in Kt to meager reports from
Van Werfrbe entire Wells family was
wiped out by the tornado. The death
of the Wells family bri&gs the kwon
dead in that vicinity to six, a baby
having been killed at Mlddlepoint.
Further deaths have been imported
between Mlddlepoint and Convoy,
but these reports canrot be con
KanHAM Stiffen Is. 1
CHICGO. March 9. High winds
which started In Kastern Colorado
last night and lashed parts of the
central west today spent their force
in Indiana and Ohio where several
district tonight repotted loss of life
and heavy property damage.
Greatest damage and' loss of life
occurred where several towns were
reported to have been almost wiped
Moving eastward from Colorado,
the high winds gained velocity as
they dipped down into Missouri and
Kansas, for a time reaching a ve
locity of 100 miles an hour at St
Louis, where two persons were In
jured. Smokestacks were blown
down, awnings ripped from their
fastenings and other damage done.
Still greater damage was done in
Kansas, but no fatalities were report
ed. At Camp Funston slight damage
was done by fhejwlnd.
The. storm reached up Into NoVh
ern Michigan but caused little dam
age, reports Indicated.
CRASH KILLS 12
Wall of Burning Building Ad
joining Collapses 23
WINCHESTER. Ky.. March 9.
Twelve persons were killed, ten of
whom were children, twenty-three
persons so severely injured, It wa:
found necessary to remove them to
the Clark county hospital and about
thirty other less seriously hurt
here tonight when the waJU ot a
burned building adjoining a moving
picture theater collapsed, crushing In
Six of the 23 injured taken t6 the
Clark county hospita' were thought
.to be fatally hurt. The majority of
these as well as those not so serious
ly huit were children several hund
red of whom were crowded Into the
moving picture theater when the
The wall which collapsed was also
used as one wall of the theater, bn
projected considerably above rthe
roof of the theatn bu.lding. When
It collapsed a part fell on the tbo-j
ater's roof. The wall's collapse at
the same time removed the support
from under the roof on that side
and it crashed down into the theater.
The greatest force of the wall was
spent upon section of 75 seats -.and"
it wan here that all of the fatalities
and serious Injurje occurred.
The first result of the crash wai
panic In which the hundreds of
children and a small number of
grown penons struggled to reach Hi
entrance, apparently no one 'was hurt
In this rush.
Within a short time hundreds of
persons attracted to the seethe cleat ed
away the wreckage. :
Sunday, rain; moderat southwesterly
Revolver Is Accidentally Dis
charged While in Hands
of His Companion
GUNS USED AS CANNON
Dead Boy Protested at Use of
Firearms of Which He
An accident which occurred at
eleven thirty o'clock yesterday at
the F. A. Dutton home; 549 Turner
street, resulted In the Instant death
of Virgil Hurch at the hands of nil
chum and closest friend. Tillman
Tutton He 'was fihot through tho
Jody by a .32 calibre Tevolver.
r It was learned -hy District Attor
ney Gehlhar soon after the accident
occurred 'that the parents of youn?
Dutton,' Mr. and Mrs. F. ' A. Dut
ton, had left home at 5:30 o'clock
yesterday morning to spend the .lay
with friends at Concomly to return
The two boys, Tillman ftutton and
Virgil Hurch, the one ljjj and the
other 13 years old, weretsbums and
had been play teg together all the
morning with ether boys of the
neighborhood. Oi'e of the oi'ficers
whoi went to the scene says the boys
had gathered in an e.r.pty house, but
that statement is not certain as they
were playing In the Dutton home,
when the accident happened.
Were IMaylnjr Soldier,
The boys had placed .a lot of
chairs on the floor in one of the
looms and had found two shot guns,
a rifle and the revolver. Only the
revolver was loaded. )They used the
gups as cannon In the fort they had
bnflt of chairs on the floor. They
played burglars at first, and then
s-oldiers. Each boy In turn was
'"captain" and strapped the pistol la
tnie style about his waist, only for
dctforatlon purposes. ,v .
In the beginning of their sport
the boy. Hurch, did not want to play
with the guns. All of them knew
the revolver was loaded.
As far as could be learned after
the Dutton boy had been taken to
the sheriff's office to await the re
turn of his parents, when the boyj,
got tired of i laying youn Dutton,
who happened to be "captain" at.
the time, unbuckled the revovler
belt, first taking the gun from Its
sheath, laid the belt down, and,
reaching over to put the sheath by
It, still holding the pistol In hi
hand, must have pulled the trigger,
for as he reached forward the pistol
was fired, the bullet piercing the
chest of young Hurch, borinff
through the body.
Inquest Not Held.
Coroner Clough concluded It un
necessary to hold an inquest, and
the father of young Hurch ttated
afterwards It was simply an acci
dent, as the ewo boys were constant
companions and had been playmcies
for years. V
The Dutton boy was questioned
closely by District Attorney Gehl
har at the sheriff's office and hii
story was born out by other versions
of the affair.
Oregon Parole Officer Served
With Warrant Accusing
SAN FRANCISCO. March 3. A
warrant charging abduction was Is
sued today for the arrest of Joseph
Keller, ".state parole officer of Ore
gon, who., it is alleged, "foreefuny
and Illegally" took possession of C.
H. Smith, jurt discharged from San
Quentln prison, with the Intention of
returning' Smith to Oregon, where
It was said he was wanted for break
ing irole... '
Through habeas corpus proceed
ings Smith was taken from Keller's
custody at Oakland. Cal., but was
immediately arrested on a warrant
from Oregon and now Is fighting ex
trad'on. Smith had Just completed
a three-vear sentence for forgery.
The Oregon authorities asserted
Smith's parole jended automatically
when he was convicted In California.
State Parole Officer Keller left
for San Quentln prison several days
ago to take Into custody C. H.
Smith, when California r;thorIt!e
Informed Oregon authorities that
Smith was to be released. Smith
was to le returned to the Oregon
prison for breaking his parole. He
was committed to the Oregon peni
tentiary or- forrery. Acting upon
the custom usually followed between
stated 1n the return of parole break
ers Governor Wlthyeombe did not
furnish Keller with requisition pa
was held up 'by habeas corpus pro
pers, but these were sent when he
ceedlngs in California.
1 1 f
v IS PLANNED
Social Revolutionists Aim to
Oust Government and Re- j
pudiate German Peace
Treaty, Copenhagen Hears
DON COSSACKS ARE
RAISING LARGE ARMY
Trotiky Resigns After Deliv
ering Country Into Hands'
(By 3Hk A mtacia ted I'reta)
While Nikolai Inlne, the Hol
shevikl premier. Is bending every ef
fort to Insure ratification by the
Russian " con greSs. to meet In Mos
cow, March 14, of the peace treaty
signed with the central powers, his
colleagues In Helshevikl authority
are dropping away from him or are
being dropped by him.
The latest to gJ Is the man who
hy virtue of his post as spokesman
has been more In the public eye than
-Lenlne himself Teon Trotsky, tho
commissioner o? foreign affairs.
Trotzky's resignation, announced at
a Maximalist .party meeting In Pet
rograd. quickly followed that of En
sign Krylenko. the Holshevikl com
mander In chief.
' Meanwhile, there are reports from
Russian: sources through Copenhag
en that a movement by the Social
Revolutionists, launched at a Mos
cow conference, has as Its aim the
ousting of the Holshevikl govern
ment and he repudiation of the
peace treaty. A large army, with
Cossack support, is being oTganlzed
In the Don district, it is declared.
The setting up of a republic with a
coalition government la proposed.
Ilola and ltumanla Slim.
Petrograd ... has announced th.
signing of a "peace1 between Russia
and Rumania. Under Its terms Ru
mania is to evacuate Hessarabia.
This Is the Ruian province which
Rumanian troops Invaded last fall
when Russian forces, disorganized
the Holshevikl peace propaganda,
were reported. to have begun Hotlng
both in Rumania and in portions of
Hessarabia where the -population la
largely " of Rumanian nationality.
The treaty provides; - however, for
Rumania leaving detachment in
Bessarabia "for the defense of Ru
manian property s.nd Inhatltants."
The British front In Flanders has
become the chief field of military
operations within the last forty-eight
hours. Passing from the stage of
trench raiding, which has ruled for
several weeks past, the fighting in
this area now has entered upon a
more1 active phase.
The Germans have taken the In
itiative launching attacks npon
fronts of approximately a mile- each
on two occasions. In both they sus
tained heavy casualties and In nei
ther did they gain any ground,
i, Paris Again IlomlxHl.
On the American frnt, northwest
of Toul, a German patrol was 3rlvsn
off largelyjhrough the vigilance atd
promptness to open fire of an Ameri
can sentry. An attempt to attack
the American lines by means of liq
uid fire was broken up by ah Ameri
can patrol, the Germans fleeing-and
dropping four of their flame pro
Jcctors which later were gathered in
by the American trops.
Paris has again had a visitation
from - German - air raiders whose
bombs caused some damage and loss
of life. Berlin declares the raid was
in reprisal for French raids Febru
ary 19 on Treves and other German
cities. The last previous German air
attack on Paris, January 31. caused
forty-nine deaths and the wounding
of 206 persons. :
Iliifih Conduct ItaidH.
T.-ONDON. March 9. Numerous
raids are . beinjr carried out by tha
British forces on the French front,
while thetti alfo has been Increased
firing by the heavy guns. The re
port from Field Marshal Halg's head
quarters tonight says:
"We raided the enemy's trencher
north of the Bapaume-Cambral road
last night and brought back a ma
chine. Another successful raid was
carried out this morning In the
neighborhood of Oppy, several of the
I Continued on Vane 2;)
- . - . .'
T. A. Rinehart Becomes ! j
Candidate for Justice
Announcement was made yester
day that T. A. Rinehart will 14 a
candidate for Justice of the peace for
the Salem district at the coming
election. He Is a Democrat, and the
only Democrat who lias become a
candidate for that office so far.
Three Republicans are In the field.
They ate Glenn K. Unruh, Frank
Davey and Percy M. Varney. A. it.
Southwlck, who was mentioned yes
terday, la a candidate for constable
lnitead. , . .