The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, March 02, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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. - : "" WEATIIEI,
Fair except rain In the north
west portion; fresh southeast
erly wind.
' i . ..
Germany Deliver! Ultimatum
to Bolshevik Government
as Teutons Sweep On; Aus-
, trian Troops Move Forward
- lk ITlJ.-' r
Eridges Blown Up to Stop
Fee; Attack on Petrograd
flcnentarily Expected;
Scne Resistance Met
-Th interior of Eussia, follow
f ir? the, example of Moscow, de
v dared strongly against a separate
yazt with Germany. Workmen's
t-i soldiers' eonncils in many
provincial centers are issuing mob
ilintion orders proclaiming a
tzlX to the finish in behalf of
tls revolution. , .
VIENNA via London; March 1.
Ten thousand Russians already havo
hid down their arms and consider
ate quantities of ammunition. Cart3
and other rolling stock have been
taken by the Au ex riant, says an of
ficial Austrian communication an
nouncing the commencement of an
advance In Russia. '
(By Tk Ataocigtcd Prcta)
An ultimata m. has been handed to
the Russian Bolshevik government
. fcy the German commander in the
eastern front, who has given the
Russians three da m .which to
!ga the peact treaty demanded by
, the Teutons. Coincident with this
? flemandY tbe -German adTance Into
Russia' has been tcsumed. There are
t apparently three columns of Ger
' mans advancing Into Russia. One is
- rear Laga. midway between Pckov
and Petrograd; one n said to be at
Polotsk, midway between Plnsk and
Vltensk, and the other Is at Sebezh.
eighty miles east of Dvlnsk. An of
ficial report says that the Germans
have reached the right bank of the
Dnelpcr river north of Kiev.
I'. S. .lm!iUi(W IjeavM.
That the stiuat'on In Petrograd
ns become critical Is reflected in
the report that the American and
Japanese ambassadors have rearhel
Vologda, far to the east of Petro
fraa. The BrIUh and French em
fcasslf have also left the Russian
"Pjtal, but nothing known as to
their destination. , y
Reports forwarded by way of Lor,
oon say that the Russian troops are
cestrowin" railroad property and
trnlng stores as they retire". At
bo point is there serious fighting re
Ported, but the advance of the Teu
tons is said to be continuous.
. Austrian in Ukraine.
...'J w annonnce.V In a dispatch
nat Austrian troops have begun to
,3vance into Ukraine. This mov
rant, ft Is staled. Is in response to
appeal from Ukraine, .probably
"oft to the operations of the BolKhe
i there. t
German trenchers Idlng ooeratlons
.5Je ben rePl'!,d by the French in
uer1 fXnr "f he line. At Cha
non, wher the? American troops
ere taken wrlsoner, the fighting
Ja very severe. An attack br t:w
.uJ1 DMr B,t dii Mlsnll re
.C? ,n ,he capture of a French
J""" Jn, but an immediate counter-
tv k ''M the Germans.
Th British troops carried out a
"nrrf,,, raJ(, Dorffj of thft Yppe
Htaoeii and captured -a few
Prisoners. .
. Among the terms of pear torn
mnn cated to King Ferdinand of tt'J
?'ani by the central powers was a
cmand that Ferdinand abdicate n
avor of his brother. Prince Wililar.i
Hohenzollern. Prince William
'nouBCwd a cVllm to the throne
p? lh accession f his uncle. Prince
paries, in 1X8C. He was in com
mand of . T,art ot the Teutonic ar
7 which invaded tutnanla In De
wmber.1918. and at that time iss"-
Proclamation declaring himself
w rightful heir to the throne.
Itrldaes Bloun up.
Ji Nnox. March 1. According to
Irn ? 1 h rorlvPd here from a seml-
HSIaL11',w,,i:1nRr'n''y t Petrogral,
caied Thursday, the German offen
.Zf na ben stopped by serious re
'.s'ance which has brn offered by
lae revolntionaiy troops.
J1 djf,patch y that the Bol
rf!1 forces are destroying all
railways and roads by whloli
(Continued on Tage 2.)
Chamberlain's Exposition of
' Camp Conditions Leads
to Action
Lieutenant Failed to Notify
that Private Had Spinal
a WASHINGTON, March l.mves-
ugaiion of the treatment of Private
Albert HestWQOd Of Liberal Kan .
who died Of spinal meningitis at
v.anip uoniphan, Okla., has resulted
in Secretary Raker ordering the trial
by oourtmartlal of Major 1'hllllp U.
Connelly, medical corps, u. 8. A.,
of New York City, and First Lien
tenant Walter !l. Kirkpatrlck, medi
cal; corps, nationtfl buard, of Haven,
It was announced tonight that
Major Connelly who was In charge
pf the base hospital while Heatwood
was a patient had been held respon
sible by the investigating officer for
conditions at the hospital character
ized as "nothing short of deplorable.".;-
Lieutenant Kirkpatrlck was ihe
first medical officer to examine Ilest
wood and is charged with havin?
rent the soldier to the hospital with
cut making known the fact that h
suspected spinal meningitis.
Major General W. MV Wrlaht, com
manding. at Camp Doniphan, and
Hrlgattler General L. G. Perry, who
commanded at the camp while Gen
eral Wright was on an observation
tour in France, have been called on
by Secretary Baker for reports at to
how such conditions as were founS
in the. camp hospitals came to exist.
Conditions at the Cunp Doniphan
hospital first came Into public ndtlce
through a letter read by Senator
Chahmberlain, chairman of the sen
ate military committee, , during a
speech In the .senate. The letter
waa written by Private Hestwood's
father to a friend.
The report of the Investigating of
ficer said that with-respect to the
father's statement tbat the body was
sent home in a sheet, the facts dls
closed that the body was sent in a
metal lined " casket and that "thia
being a communicable disease, the
body was wrapped in sheets and cot,
ton to conform to shipping laws.'
All the other facts set out in the
father's letter were fqund to e sub
stantially correct according to tha
investigating officer, who said the
wards In the hospital and especially
the one in which Private Hestwood
died were in an unclean condition:
there was an insufficient supply of
bed linen; there was a lack of suf
ficient attendants on duty and pa
tients wet for long periods without
a bath or without even having their
hands and faces bathed.
Philip Solon, Draft Evader,
i Charged With Attempt to
Wreck Train
HOOD RIVISU. Or March 1.
PJi Hip. Solon, who recently complet
ed a ninety-day Jail sentence In Port
land for failure to register under the
f elective draft art. and Ktmer Mis
ner. a 16-year-old boy, were bein?
held In jail here tonight charged
near here today. A wreck was pre
bount Oregon-Washington limited
r, oar here today. A wrecq wa pre
vented through the discovery by L.
F Stevens, a lineman, of large Iro.i
bolts and spikes laid on the rails.
The passenger train followed closely
behind the lineman. Bolon and M to
ner were arrested near the scene.
State Title Taken by High
I School in Game at Port
land Last Night
school won the, championship or Or
egon last night when it defeated th"i
Washington - high school team in
Portland by a score of 29 to 17. I
I Prior to tho Portland game the
Salem team hat? defeated the bst
teams outside cf that city, The
Washington hisb school team, by a
brilliant series of victories, has prov
en its superiority over all other
tfams in Prtlind. and for Ijhat
reason the championship is conceded
to tho Salem team.
The game last night was warmly
contested. The Washington team
Made most of its scores on fouls.
Historic Documents, Read by
French 1 Minister; Show
Kaiser Went to War Claim
ing Desire for Peace
Verdun and Toul Wanted
From France While War
Is Staged oh Russia
PARIS. March I. Two' historic
documents, one showing the German
government's determination to force
war upon France and the other set
ting forth tho reasons which induc
ed Germany to take Alsace-Lorraine,
were made public today by Stephen
Plchon, the French foreign minister.
The , minister , was 1 speaking at the
Korbonne upon the anniversary of
the protest made by representatives
of the national assembly of Alsace
Lorraine against annexation to Ger
many, ; .
"I will establish by documents,"
Nsald. M. Pichon, "that the day the
Germans deliberately rendered Inev
itable the most frightful of war
they tried to dishonor us by the most
cowardly complicity In the ambush
into which they drew! Europe. I
will establish it in the revelation of
a document that the German chan
cellor after having drawn up pre
served carefully, and i-ou will see
why, in the most profound mystery
of the most secret archives. x5
"We have known only recently of
its authenticity and it defies any
sort of attempt to disprove it. It
bears the signature o Bethmann
Hollweg (German imperial chancel
lor at the ontbreak of the war), and
the date July 31. 1914. On that
day; Von Seboen (German ambassa
dor'to France), was charged by n
telerram from his chancellor to noti
fy ns of a state, of danger of war
with Russia and to ask us to remain
reutral. giving us eighteen hours in
which to reply. . - .
Toul mimI Veiflnn Wanted.
"What was unknown until rodsy
was that the telegram of the Ger
man chancellor containing these in
structions terminated with these
"..'If the French government de
clares. It will remain neutral your
excellency will be good enough to
declare that we must, as a guarantee
of Its neutrality, require the hand
ing s over of the fortresses of Toul
and Verdun: that we will occupy
them and will restore tbem after
the end of the war with Russia. A
A reply to; this last question
must reach here before SatnfJay
afternoon it 4 o'clock.
That," Bald M. Plchon. "Is how
Germany wanted peace at the mo
ment when she declared war. That
is how sincere she was in pretend
ing that we obliged her to take up
Jrme for hes defense. That Is the
rice she intended to make us pay
for our baseness If we had had the
Infamy to repudiate our signature
as Prussia repudiated bers Jjy tear
ing up the treaty that guaranteed
the neutrality of Belgium.
"Our mortal enemy Jin the war of
1871. Von Moltke. declared on the
morrow of the treaty of Frankfort.'
added M. Plchon on taking up the
riuestion of Alsace-Lorraine, "that
It would require, no less than fifty
years, to rean the heart of her lost
provinces from France." "
M. Plchon contrasted the German
acceptance then that the provlnWs
were in reality French, with the re
iterated pretensions of German
statesmen since, especially the as
sertions of former Chancellor Bth-mann-Hollweg,
and the present chan
cellor. Count von Hertllng, that moM
of tho provinces were always Ger
man. (iermany ITepre fr Accretion.
The foreign minister made public
for the first time the full text of a
letter written by William 1, grand
father of the present German em
peror, to Km press Kiuenle. The let
ter is dated Versailles, October 2d,
"After tho immense sacrifices for
her defense," read M. Pichon. "Ger-,
many desires to be assured that the
next war will find her better pre
pared to repell the aggression on
which she can count a soon as
Trance shall have repaired, her forc
es and gained allies. This is the
melancholy consideration alone and
not a desire. to augment" my country
whose territory Is sufficiently great,
that obliges me to Insist upon th-j
cession of territories that has no
other object than to throw back to
the starting poin the French armle3
that, in the future, wilt come to at
tack us."
After reading this passage, M.
Pichon asked:
'Can one; better destroy the leg
end VonHertling tries , to establish
that the annexation of Alsace-Lor-laine
had for its origin in the minds
of Its authors the wish to return to
Germany provinces of which she had
(Continued on page 2)
Parley Follows Raiding of
Ranch on Mexican Bank
of Rio Grande
Captain Thomas Orders Fire,
and Mexican Dead and
Wounded Fall
MAR FA, Texas, March l. Twelvo
Mexicans wer killed and several
were wounuea iaie toaay when a
band of SO Mexicans fired on an
American cavalry detachment in
command of Captain Kramer Thomas
The Mexicans opened fire while a
parley between the leader of the
bandits and. Captain Thomas Was in
progress on the Mexican bank of the
Rio Grande near lerra Alto, south of
Sierra Blanca. Private Mallack was
cust on the face by fragments of
stono thrown by Mexican bandits but
no other American was wounded.
The bandits had crossed the river,
raided A. P. Neighbors' ranch and
killed three cows. Captain Thomas
went to investigate, taking a detach
ment of cavalry. iThe parley follow
ed, during which toe bandits maneuv
ered for a flank attack on the cav-
Captain Thomas ordered his men tf
ire. iweive Mexicans ieii aeaa. toe
remaining members of the band
carrying off their1 wounded to the
bills. The fight was repotted to
Colonel George T. Langhorne, who
rushed reinforcement to the scene
and prepared for another clash at
some point along the border.
EL PASO, Texas; March 1. Mex
ican snipers . fired across the river
at Lieutenant H. E. Waldon, Lieu
tenant J. J. Neyland and Texas Rank
er Joe Mullans tonight as they were
walking near the International bridge
The fire was returned by the soldiers
and the ranger an more than 100
shots fired. As fir as could be as
certained no one was hit.
An American coming from Juarez
saw 25 federal soldiers marching
double time to the Mexican end of
the bridge. American partol troops
were deployed along, the river front
and a few shots were exchanged,
then the firing ceased.
Parliamentary Party Arrives
To Late to See Premier
Still Alive
CALGARY, Alta.. March V Con
scious to the last. Premier H. C.
Brewster of British Columbia, died
at 10:13 tonight at the Holy Cross
hospital. His death was caused by
an attack of double pneumonia,
which he contracted while attend
ing the conference of provincial pre
miers at Ottawa last week.
At his bedside at the time of hi
t'eath was his brother. Captain G.
W. Brewster, who arrived from th
coast this' afternoon, and 'his private
secretary, W. W. P.aer. Hon. J. D.
McLean, provincial secretary, and
theSther members of the parliamen
tary party did not arrive in time to
see the premier while still alive.
During the afternoon he suffered
a relapse and although h rallied
t-Hghtly about fi o'clock, his tempera
ture rose again and the congestion
l-eeame more acute during tho reit
ot the evening.
Funeral arrangements have not
yet bfen made.
Premier Browster was the son of
Gilbert and Amelia Brewster. His
father was for many years collector
of customs at Harvey. N. B., and was
likewise a shipbuilder and shipown
er. His mother wns a member of
the weels family, one of her broth
ers being the late Professor James
K. Wells of McMaster University,
Toronto, Ont.
One son and three daughters sur
vive: Corporal Raymond Brewste-,
who lert here last year with the fif
teenth battery for overseas; Kdna.
18; Marjorie, 15. and Annie, 4, the
latter being born Just prior to the
death of Mrs. Brewster. Premier
Brewster is llkewle nrvived by
two brothers, J. H. Brewster. Asso
ciated Press telegrapher at Seattle,
and Captain G. W. Brewster, marin
er Inj British Columbia waters.
Fred Rosenberg Promoted
and Has Sailed for France
Information has been; received
here that Fred Rosenberg, a Salem
man who ha ben stationed at a
cantonment In the south, has been
promoted from captain to major and
that he has recently sailed fT
Active Campaign of Four
Weeks Jo Follow First An
niversary of United States'
Entry in World War.
OVER $3,600,000,000
Interest Rate and Conditions
Are Restinjg on Further
April 6, the first anniversary of the
United States, entry Into the war,
the third liberty loan will open.
There will be a campaign of three
or four weeks.
In announcing the date tonight.
Secretary McAdpo said the amount
of the Joan, the interest rate and
other features, such as convertibility
of bonds of previous issues, maturity
and terms of payment, are to be de
termined, and that new legislation
will be necessary before plans can
be completed. '
The fart that the amount of the
loan is dependent on further legisla
tion indicates that it will be for
more than $3,600,000,000. the re
mainder of authorized but unissued
bonds and the fact that certificate
of Indebtedness now being sold in
anticipation of the loan bear 4 per
cent, affords some indication of the
Interest rate. How large the loan
shall be depends largely, however,
on the fate of the pending war fi
nance bill carry! rig an appropria
tion , of a. half lllllon dollars, and
action on the rai.'road bill. wUh its
appropriation of a similar amount.
- Although Mr. McAdoo made no
specific announcement, It Is now
taken for granted Li official circles
that there will be bu one more loan
before June 30, the end of the fiscal
The statement concerning the date
of the campaign was made at thte
time. Secretary McAdoo explained,
to give every community time to
prepare for the big bond sale and be
strongly advocated popular demon
strations of patriotism on the open
ing of the loan and the second year
of war.
After stating .he date of the cam
Dainlng opening, the secretary con
tinued: : . A :
"The amount, terms and condi
tions of the loan have not yet been
decided because these features are
dependent upon further legislation.
I expect to ask the congress at an
early date to grant the necessary
additional authority. Of course, the
opening date of the campaign l.
somewhat dependent upon the new
legislation, but it is hoied and be
lieved that the matter can be con-
( Continued on Page 2.)
I Professor JosCuh K. Hart of
the department of education of
Reed college, Portland, will ad
dress the people of Salem, un
der the auspices of the local
branch of the American Alli
ance for Labor and Democracy,
at Willamette university chapel.
Wednesday evening, March 6,
on "The Platform of the Brit
ish Labor Party." as published
in the New Republic of Febru
ar 1C, last.
It was after hearing Dr. Hart
at Portland library recently on
the same subject, that the ap
pended article wai written.
Apparently It remained, for the
British La bor party, following close
ly the lead, tbe vision and the spirit
of our own President Wilson, for
mally to announce the definite pro
gram of the new democracy.
Of course the spirit, of the pro
gram had "been growing In all direc
tions, and with the inevitable de
pendence of jrfvillzation npon the
world's industrial forces so clearly
foeussed In the present war. It waa
perfectly logical that labor's Ulls
cerning representatives should come
forward and assume the responsibil
ity so obviously submitted to them.
Long and anxiously, since the be
ginning of thfs war, has the think
ing world waited for some sign of
labor's discernment of Its great re
sponsibility and opportunity. . Littl"
by little, during the nightmare of
confusing and conflicting passions,
movements and drives, the ranks of
labor have gathered to the world
standard and In increasing ratio
since It became more and more ap
parent that the howls and growls of
"the beast" were sincerely for the
Entente to Confide Task of
Taking Necessary Action
in Far East -
Single Efficient Power Acting
Independently Is Most
in Favor
LONDON, March Z, According to
the Daily Mail, it is nnderstaad that
the allies have decided to ask tie
Japanese to take any steps necessary
for the protection of the allies In tha
far east.
Stress is laid on the fact that the
British and Japanese governments
hold that Japan's Intervention in the
Russian affairs is ret to be constru
ed as an act of hostility to Russia
cr the Russian gov-rnment. Its
purpose is to sqfe-g.iard menaced
allied interests and to protect store?
and munitions at Vladivostok and
to assist Russia to lighten and even
tually lift the burden of the Ger
man yoke.
Japan to Act Alone.
WASHINGTON, March 1. Indi
cations now point to an ''agreement
between the entente powers and Am
erica to confide to Japan alone the
task of taking such measures as may
be necessary to combat German ag
gression and Influence in Siberia and
to protect the military stores at
Vladivostok. No final conclusion
has been reached, however .and It
was said In high official quarters
tonight that conditions were chang
ing so rapidly and so many new fac
tors were entering Into the problem
that it would be unsafe to predict
overnight wat the Issue might be.
5 Exchanges are proceeding rapidly
between the entente governments
and Washington and the matter was
considered ,at today's cabinet meet
ing. It is understood that the state
department Is being slowly bat
steadily Influenced to accept the
view which seems to obtain In Great
Britain and France, and possibly In
Italy. That iu that a single power,
with an efficient army and navy
within easy reach of Siberia and not
otherwise employed, and acting In
conformity with a general egreemen.
might be better able to deal with the
situation that any international
BolKhcvikl Attutude Unknown.
The attitude of the Bolshevik gov
ernment toward the proposed action
by Japan in Siberia remains to be
developed.! The Russian contingent
in Washlnjgton "Is strongly opposed to
the step but as the embassy here is
out of touch with the Petrograd
government It fs pot in position to
reflect its attitude.
It Is gathered here that the Japa
nese government holds that it does
not require any warrant from the
(Continued on pace 2)
preservation of common grqund
which; it was willing to share in or
der to save its own precious skin
rather than for the perpetration of
a long-expected program of chastise
ment and crucifixion of labor the j
better to intrench Itself In barbar
ous authority, y- j
But the clarion note of emanci
pation for the world's Industrial
slaves has at last been sounded loud
and clear. It comes not from mo
mentary agitators who merely ex
plode and disappear, but from what
must now be frankly acknowledged
as the remost functioning point of
the new Industrial philosophy which
has resulted from the experiences of
the moving forces of civilization dur
ing the last century. The results j
clearly Justify the conclusion. i
Th program enunciated by the
British I.a,bor party Is printed by
the New Republic of February 16
last. It is bound as a separate sec
tion of the edition or that date. It
Is prefaced by an editorial fore ward
fro.u which I quote in part as fol
lows: "The following document , is earn
estly recommended to the readers of
the New Republic as worthy of a pa
tient and painstaking, examination.
It is the pioposed reconstruction pro
gram of tbe British Labor party. The
New Republic Is republishing It In
the belief that It Is worthy of con
sideration in this country no less
general and serious than that which
it will receive In Great Britain.
"Tentative as the document Is In
its existing form. It Is probably the
most mature and carefully formulat
ed program ever put forth by a, re-
sponaible political paty. Its several
sections do not consist of war cries
or of baits for rotes as in tbe caae
of ordinary political parties. Neither
do they consist of pious aspirations
and' happy thoughts about political
(Continued on page 2)
SS SU Bf SaM ll
Ground in Front of American
Trenches Is Strewn With
German Dead After Fierce
Attack Near Toul ; Ameri
cans Suffer Casualties
deadly Ban age Fire Poured
Into Enemy Lines; FisLt
ing Is Hacd-to-Hand; Yc:t
Point Cap-Ufa Killed
IN FRANCE, March 1. American
troops repulsed a strong German at
tack this . morning in the salient
north of TouL There Wvre many
American casualties, one of the kill
ed being, a captain who was gradu
ated from West Point In 1917.
The raid was a complete failure,
three German prisoners remaining in
AmeritfairNiands. The ground in
tronftho American trenches was
strewn with German dead. '
A drlvlngwet snow was falling
this morning when the- Germans op
ened fire on the American salient
with every weapon at tlelr com
mand. Seventy-seven's. hea,'y shells
and gas shells fell In a perfect whirl
wind on the American trenches for
half , an hour. At the same time
othere enemy sheUs in great num
bers were dropping on the American
battery positions. ., - .
Huns Let' Out Gar. ,
The Germans, evidently thlnkln.?
that the Americans in this 'section,
having hadi one" taste of gas a, few
days ago, would fear it now, let loose
great quantities of poisonous gas,
tut the men put on their masks and
only a few were affected by It. So
Intense was the fire that the woods '
back of the salient were shot to
At 6 o'clock the barrage fire lifted
on tbe trenches to the right of the .
falient and Germans numbering 2 40
came sweeping forward nnder the
protection of their fire. They ad
vanced apparently Intending to make
a big haul aid jump Into what waa
left of the trencher, but tbe.-e, in
stead of the easy time anticipated,
found the Americans all ready for
battle. Fierce hand-to-hand flghtlni;
began. '
One American captain rallied mei
with rifles and machine guns and
went through ihe American wire en
tanglements into No Man's Land and
there waited for the enemy, whom
he expect4-taj)i driven out by his
comrades In the trenches,
Wt Point Captain KllleL ,
He was right, for soon groups of
the enemy started back through thi
wire entanglements. The Americans
poured in a deadly fire, but unfor--,
tunately the captain was killed in
the" fighting. He Is the first mem
ber of the 1917 class at West Point
to be' killed.
While the Americans were In front
of the wire entanglements .and in
shell holes, still fighting desperate
ly, the American barrage fire pirn
sweeping No Man's Land, tatcbln
many running Prussians who had
enough of American methods. Tho
barrage swept back and forth, making-
sure of doing all possible damag?
to the foe. -German
Dead FonrKl.
When tbe enemy had been driven
back out of the positions, the bod lei
of ten German soldiers were found
in tho A mrica n trenches. Two Ger
man officers were entangled In tbs
wire and many bodies were in sight.
Eight were visible through the snov
storm at one polrit.
i The ground was littered with eno-
my hand grenades, hoses of exido
rlres for destroihg dugouts and In
cendiary bombs wbic h they had no
opportunity to use.
They managed; however, to drop
incendiary bombs In two dugouts
which were destroyed by fire, but
not Americans Were In them, -if
the: Germans captured any prison
ers, which' 1 doubtful, there we.-o
nob more tban two or three posslWy
from a listening 'post. Of the inbw
lng, 1 many- probably were burin!.
Digging for thvm now Is ivroceJInjr
and -others may be accounted for. s
( Two' German prisoner - wr
wounded and tb? other taken was
unhurt except for a welt on one c.-r
bis hands where jtc was slruck by a,
(Continued on Pape 2.)