The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 07, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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RaUtwest; rain, probably turn
tag to snow, east portion.
I daily ed rnori
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SALEM, )Ui;;() THUHSIIAY MOlt.MM;, FKimVAUl'-. 7, 1018
1,911 & United
Officers And SUJeh On Liner Oarrying ' 2,17& Reach Safety
A!i:raan Refuses to Serve
Any Longer on Street and
Bridge Committees Because
Vage Action Is Rescinded
Vju Myra Shank Opposes
Mrs. Dorsey Ballott on
Names Is Deferred
. Alderman N. D. .Elliott, chairman
of the street committee of the Salem'
city council, at an interesting: punc
tnrO of the session last night gave
notice that he would serve no lorigor
on the street or the bridge commit
tee and prophesied that several of
the besti men employed on Salem
streets would quit their Jobs .this
morning. This came when the coun
cil reconsidered and rescinded rev
olution passed at the session of Mon
day night, Jan. 21, increasing th
pay of street laborers.
Several of the aldermen went to
Elliott's desk and remonstrated with
tlm, but he was adamant.
"Are you going to stand by your
declination to serve longer on tho
street and bridge committee?" be
was asked.
"Bar I am. - I'm done," replied
Elliott. V
All Stand for Revision.
Alderman Johnson initiated thU
rumpus when he introduced a reso
lution which was carried, referring
the Question of salaries of all non
elective officers of the city to the
committee on accounts and current
expenses for readjustment.' " This
will affect all members of the police
department except the chief, mem
bers of the fire department, members
of the street department and holders
of several other important positions.
After 'this action had been taken
It occurred to Alderman Simeral
that the increase voted to laborers
ia the street department should be
withdrawn pending . action on the
general revision, allowing the wages
of the street workers to remain the
same as prior to the resolution of
me last previous meeting.
Elliott Become. Angry.
Alderman Elliott arose. ' i
, '"Now , I hope this won't carry,"
tie declared angrily. "If It 4oea,
half a dozen of the best men in the
treet ' department wp.1 quit their
Jobs tomorrowJmorning.'
Alderman McClelland opposed El-
,,nt- :;. -
"This question of wages and saTarie
has become a Joke that is brought up
at every meeting." he said. "I am
la -favor f, allowing the committer
on-accounts and current expenses to
report and then settle7 the matter
once and for all."
8itneraP motion carried. The Cor
nier resolution was reconsidered and
rescinded. .
"When the vote was announced El
liott said: '
"I want to ask to be relieved from
fnrthnr fnt lr : rn fftA ' rsnt And
bridge com nilt tecs. I am tired of
working hard on these questions and
then coming tip here to have thU
Mhole hunch oppose every action
that the committees take."
.Alderman Unruh was in the eha'r.
Mayor -Keywi was absent at the be
ginning of the meeting but had -just
come in and occupied a seat on lha
J'oor. Exercising the privilege of
that position he said:
"I don't think the council is doing
r'ntv Alderman Elliott has worked
hard on this question of wages' and
I don't want to see him -wUhdraw
now. The salaries of the police have
wen raised. The budget has been
cut down Immensely in the street
department and the number or work
ers has .been decreased from aeven
teen to thirteen. '. The ' committee
gives assurance that It can pay In
creased wages and remain within
the. budget. I do not think the coun
cil has taken the right action."
Uut the vote had been cast. j
., Police, Matron Fiht on. I
. Irs. 8. J. Dorsey and Mrs. Myra
ph&nk are again opposed to each
other for tho office or police matron!
With the recommendation or Chief
Pf Police Foland submitted in favor
of Mrs1. Shank who is a former ma-
Confidence in Ultimate Vic
tory Strong From Amer
V ! ica's Entrance
Speech From Throne Is Deliv
ered in House of Com
! mons on Progress
LONDON, Feb-. . rarllament
was prorogued, today and will re
assemble on February 12. ! In tho
house of commons the epeech from
tbethrone was read by the speaker.
In it the king emphasized that the
first aim and endeavor of the allies
was the successful prosecution of the
war. ; Te entry of the United States,
he declared, lent additional strength
to the allied arms and inspired fresh
confidence un ultimate victory
Tho king said:
"My lords and gentlemen: .
''Since I last addressed you great
events have happened. Within a few
weeks of that -occasion teh United
States of America decided to take
their stand by the side of this coun
try and our allies in defense of the
principles of liberty and Justin.
Tbefr entry into the war, followed
by that of other neutral states, has
united practically the Whole civiliz
ed world in a league 1 of nation
against unscrupulous aggression, has
lent additional strength to our arms
and Inspires fresh confidence in th
ultimate triumph of our cause.
Allies Mill Vigorous.
''On the other hand, Russia, dis
tracted by Interna! dissension, has
not I been able to preserve In the
struggle until the fruits of great sac
rifices could be reaped, and for the
present has ceased to bear her part
in the allied task.
"The negotiations opened by her
with the enemy have, however, serv
ed but to prove that the ambition
which provoked this unhappy war is
as yet unabated. These tragic events
have added : to the burdens . of tho
other allies, bat have not impaired
the vigor and loyalty with which one
and all continue to pursue the com
mon aim.
"Amid the confusion of changing
events, the .determination of the
democracies of the world to secure
a Just and enduring peace stands out
ever more clearly.,
"In all the theaters of the war
my naval and military forces have
displayed throughout the year noble
courage, high constancy and fixed
determination, which has won rtr
them the admiration, of my people.
"In France the enemy has been
reoeatedlv and successfully thrown
back, and I await with assurance the
further progress of the .conflict,
f Enemy Thrown Ilnrk.
In Palestine and Mesopotamia the
most revered and famous citle.i or
the Orient have been wrested from
the) Turl-v while In Africa tu neroy
has lost the last rem nlTT C? 3 co
lonial possessions. In all thee fltldsl
the forces of? my dominions ana ei
the Indian empire havo borne their
ful share in the toil and' in the, gloiy
of i the day. I
'Durlne the year representatives
offmy dominions and of the Indian
empire w-re summoned for the first
tlmo to sessions of an imperial var
cabinet. Their deliberations nave
been of the utmost value ootn in
theprosecutlon of the war and ia the
promotion of Imperial unity."
After thanking the house of com
mons for the liberalty of its provis
ions for the heavy expenditure of
tho war an announcing his sanction
of the representation of the peoples'
bi, the king expressed the hope that
this bit woud insure to a- tnuch
arger number of his subjects an ef
fective voice in the government of
the country. .
fit will." he coitlnued, -'enable the
nations the unity of which has been
so marked a characteristic of the
war to continue in the not less
arduous work of reconstruction in
the times of Peace. The settlement
t difficult ouetVn lean tntf
still to hope that in epite ut f. - le
complexities of the problem, a solu
tion may bo possible in regard to
the government of Ireland, upon
which a convention of the represent
atives of my Irish people are now
j "The successful prosecution of the
war Is still our first aim and en
deavor.' I have watched with proud
and grateful heart the, unvarying
Wait in
Baker Demurs Basis for As
sertion That Million and
; Half U. S. Troops May Be
Put in France This Year
President Seeks Authority to
Remake Government for
War Period
WABHINfrrO.V. Feb. 6. Almost
coincident with Secretary Ilaker's re
appearance before the senate mili
tary committee today for cross-examination
upon his seeent statement
of what America is doing in the war,
the administration's answer to con
greslsonal agitation for a war cabi
net and munitions dir tor was given
by introduction in the senate of
bill transmitted by President Wilson
which would give the president
blanket authority to reorganize and
co-ordinate all federal departments,
bureaus, agencies, officials and
personnel. -
The new measure was taken to the
capltol by a personal representative
of the president and Introduced by
Senator Overman, Democrat
It would empower the president to
make over completely the executive
branch of the government for the pe
riod of the war, rearranging existing
agencle and their functions and es
tablishing new ones as he rght
see fit.
Hpertflc Reference Omitted.
There has been no intimation of
any specific action the president has
In mind. The bill was referred to
the Judiciary committee, of which
Senator Overman Is ranking Demo
cratic member. One move which
some officials say Is contemplated
Is the appointment of a chairman of
the war industries board a post
now vacant and the investment of
the office with powers similar to
those proposed' for the director of
Mr. Maker in his examination de
murred at telling in open session
the basis for his assertion that the
prospects were not unpromlsins:
for enough ships to put 1.500,000
American soldiers In France this
year. After much discussion, dur
ing which Senator Hitchcock, who
has termed the secretary's Btate
rient "wildly exasperated and pre
posterous," insisted upon an answer
in hl nuestions. the committee
agreed that the Information should
be given in secret session, ana ir.
Baker promised to prepare a state
ment. In the meantime, the committee
will proceed with its general war In
quiry, examining ' tomorrow Major
General WhM-Ier, acting chief of ord
nance, re garding production of chlor
ine, powder and other explosives.,
Schedule $urnaKeri, Kays linker.
Secretary Tlaker told the commit
tee that more American troops had
been got to France on January 1
than called for by the schedule. He
explained that In his calculations to
what could le done he did not rely
entirely on American Khlplpng. btii
would if- no further at the public
In explaining functions of the re
organized war department bureaus,
the secretary said that while Kdward
It. Stettin I us. the new surveyor gen
eral of supplies, lacks technical le
gal au'orlty. be had broad powers
In securing production with larger
duties than England's munition di
rector." i
Legislation Is unnecessary to se
cure covernment co-ordination, he
contended, other than that suggested
and that propowd In the Overman
Introduction ot the Overman bill
came as a surprise and promises to
change entirely the character of the
controversy over war msilnery re
orgaclaaUon. Administration spokes
men who. In view of the president's
statement last week, that he desired
agitation over the military commit
tee's investigation to cease were pre
pared to check discussion as far as
possible, now wilt join In reorganiza
tion debate as champions of the new
measure which will 1)0 vigorously
fought by members who oppose
(Continued .on page 2)
Anxiety As London QendGAhnouncenvenfOfledce
Complexities of International
Politics Affected by
Best Wishes for Prosperity (of
German Nation Sent by
(llu The AnocinUd rc;
The complexities of international
politics affecting the great war have
been added to by a virtual expres
sion of sympathy from Mexico for
Germany. President Carranza- sent
to Emperor William a message of
congratulation and good wishes on
the occasion of the emperor's 57th
birthday, which occurred January
27, according to advices reaching
Reuter's Limited from Copenhagen.
The Mexican president's message was
couched in flatterlnsr terms, opening
with the phrase: ''To your majesty,
who celebrates bis
with Just cause for rejoicing," and
ending with best' wishes for "the
prosperity of this great friendly na
tion." f-
Klng George V, in his speech pro
roguing parliament Wednesday, reit
erated the determination of the de
mocracies of the world to continue
warfare against tho quadruple alli
ance until a just and enduring peace
could be obtained. The king named
this program as Britain's first-aim
and endeavor, and placed on Ger
many the responsibility for provok
ing the war. He also expressed his
hope for a solution of the Irish
Artlljesy activity continues on the
French, liritlsh, Italian .and Ameri
can fronts, but aside from this the
operations have been confined to pa
trol and aerial attack.
Entente merchantmen sunk ? by
mine or submarine during the past
week totaled 18, of which 15 were
IJritlsh, 3 French and 1 Italian.
Eight Enemy Machines At
tacked One Sent Crush-
v a
ing to Ground
FRANCE, Feb. 6. Two American
aviators accompanied a French cs-
cadrllle on a bombing expedition lat
night. The Frenchmen dropped their1
lombi and the squadron started on
its return trip.
At daylight an enemy squadron of
eifht planes was encountered well
above the clouds aud a general en
gagement ensued. The Americans
each picked out an enemy machine,
and within a tew minutes one -of
them, a Jsecond lieutenant, sot a
stream of machine gun bullet Ino
the enemy. The Grmin plane top
pled over and fell crashing towards
the earth.
The other American failed to get.
his man. The French fliers warmly
congratulated the young Americana,
who had only recently graduate 1
from the flying school, for their
courage, coolness and efriciency.
Twenty Enemy Airplanes'
Are Violently Shelled
With the American Army In
France, Feb. C. Twenty enemy air
planes which endeavored to crons the
American lines were violently shell
ed by the anti-aircraft batteries and
driven off.
Rain began falling heavily this af
ternoon &nd the pumps are being
kept busy in the trenches and dug
outs, t .
- Artillery firing continues lively
day and night, and the American
heavy guns registered well on impor
tant enemy positions. The 75's an!d
some heavies are now engaged' fa
shelling a town within the enemy
lines, but there are no civilians there.
The 76's are continuously shelling
the enemy trenches with shrapnel
and hish explosives. ,
. Among today's casualties was a
second lieutenant, who was hit in
the arm with a sniper's bullet
French Commissioner An
nounces Plan by Which
America Will Send Raw Ma
terial for Arming 500,000
Size Assumed in Short Space
of Time Proves Surprise
to Enemy
NEW YORK. Feb! 6. Announce
ment that France will be able before
July 1 to manufacture t-nouph artll-.
lery to supply twenty American di
visions, or approximately 500,000
troops if the United States, mean
while adheres to an understanding
by which France would receivo the
necessary raw material from this
counthy. was made hre tonight Ly
Andre Tardieu, French high com
missioner to this country. Mr. Tar
dieu made the statement also that
there are in France today more Am
jerlcan troops than compritsd the
American army at the a! me the Unit
ed States entered the war; at that
time, he said, the American army
contained about 212,000 officers xand
men. M- ! .
The French official spoke at a din
ner which was part of New York's
celebration of the Jour de L'Atllance
Franeaise, which was observed
throughout the United States and
Canada todav. the unnlmnarv nt thv
treaty between France and the Mnl9 nd driving to the hostelry
erlcan colonies In 1778. Jules J.
Jusserand, the French ambassador,
also was guest of honor.
Arming Capacity Great.
Asserting the "secrecy ought to
be a thing of the past, because our
democracies want to know In order
to will." Mr. Tardieu said that "Inst
appreciation of the results achieved"
by America In its war preparations,
"is a stlmulaot for effort and ns
body haj the right to refuse to tie
American people this stimulant.'
The commissioner reviewed the na
tion's accomplishments and outlined
what France had don In the Way of
manufacturing ordnance, both; for
the United States and for Frances
other allies. r
"We have In the lines," he raid,
"about 15,000 guns of every caliber
and1 every day more than. 300,000
shells are turned out by our( factories.-
To get those guns, to produce
tbose shells, we created on industry
which did not exist bafore the war
and which has enabled us not only
to arm ourselves, but also to arm
our allies.
"Without speaking of what we
manufacture for you, and that is
several hundred guns a month, we
have during the past three yenrs
given to our allies In Kurope 1.350.
000 rifles, 1 5000 automatic rifles.
10,000 machine guni, XPO. 000,000
cartridges, 2500 guni and, .4750 air
planes. "The adoption without any 'modi
fication of our varlons types of guns
would ; certainly save saved some
time to the benefit of American pro
duction and some delays may be the
consequence ot the improvements
you are looking for always, and right
ly at that, aiming at better result3.
America sfurprie Germany.
"But as vi have t-greed. It is un-
derstool that you should supply and
transport ts France the necessary
raw materials, we will, under such
conditions,. be able in Franco to de
liver to yeu betore July 1 enongh
guns to thoroughly equip twenty di
visions, The situation, therefore. Is
completely safe In that respect."
Mr, Tardieu described America's
military effort as "wanderful and
splendid" and asserted it had been
" a surprise to the enemy."
"I jlave cooperated for nearly ten
montls. hour by hour, with everv
part of your war organization." he
said. "What yon have done is mag
nificent, worthy of yoiir alliei,
worthy of yourselves."
Alluding to the raising of the na
tional army. Mr. Tardieu declared
that "no event of wider Import has
ever taken place since the Deginning
o the war." -
Tie continued:
, "Thus your government with a
clear and courageous view, has gtv
en you the strength of numbers, the
first condition of military power. In
(Continued on page 2)
Silverton Man's Machine
Strikes Erma Louise Gra
ham in Portland
News of Accident, Following
Wife's Escapade, Shocks (
tf DALLAS, Or, Feb. 6 (Special to
The Statesman.) W. A. Graham, a
member bf . the clothing firm of
Graham ft Watt of this city, received
word last night about 6 o'clock that,
his oldest daughter, Erma Louise,
had been .killed in an accident in
Portland. Mr. Graham left Imme
diately for the 'metropolis' to learn
the details of the child's death.
The child's mother left Dallas last
September with Evan VIers for Gar
ibaldla and after a several days' res
idence there, disappeared and since
that time have not yet been found,
although Mr. Graham has at differ
ent times found where they have
been. A note supposed to have been
written by the woman While she and
VIers were in a boat stated "that
they were .being carried out to sea
by the tides and that there was ho
help for them, ss the boat was sink
ing," was afterwards found to have
been written by a girl at. Manzanlfa
Pleach. Mr. j Graham has been de
spondent since his wife's disappear
ance and recently decided to go to
San Francisco to accept a position in
fa big wholesale house. His children
were beiag taken to Hood River to
make their home with his parents
whert the accident occurred.
Miss Margaret Graham, the chil
dren's. aunt, was In charge of the
children and after their arrival in
Portland they took the Oregon hotel
when a machine driven by.I.sB. Ly
ons of Silverton ran into them; at the
corner of Everett and Sixth Streets.
The hotel bus was turned on its side
and Hhe little Graham girl was
thrown across the machine against
the side with such force that she
was. almost instantly killed.; Miss
Oraham and little. Pauline the
youngest child, also suffered, minor
The news of the accident came as
.a shock to the many friends of the
little folks in this city and fears are
felt for Mr. Graham's health, which
has breatly been impaired since his
wife's escapade last fall.
Kaiser Answers Greetings;
Times Strenuous, tie Says
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 6, Replying
to the birthday greetings sent him
by the president of the upper house
of the Prussian diet, Emperor WIU
Um sent the following by telegraph:
( "The (Intimate union of the crown
and the people, which I received as a
sacred heritage rrom my father,
dates from the hard times, by which
Prussia was trained for its "world
historic mission. May these hard
years of strenousness. whih I feel
rao-,'! deeply in consequence of the
responsibility placed upon me by
God. strengthen and deepen this In
timate .relationship So that It may
stand the test In the battles which
stilWIe before lis In the great tasks
which-, after a victorious peace, we
shall have, to fuirill in an altered
French May Cut Down
Food Rations in Field
I)XDO.V, Feb. 6. The Earl of
Derby, secretary for war. today noti
fied Field Marshal Viscount French,
commander of the home forces, of
his decision to reduce the rations
of meat, sugar and tea for all' the
home forces except youths under 19
years training for. abroad.
He explains that the reduced ra
tions compare favorably with' the
field ration of most other armies.
Seattle Takes First
Place in Hockey Race
SEATTLE. Feb. 6 Seattle took
first place in the Pacific Coast Hock
ey association race tonight by win
ning an overwhelming victor? from
Portland by a score of 0 to S. Port
land was outplayed In every depart
ment of the game and the .topheavy
score ca mo as a burpriso to the. spec
tators who hd expected a close con
Former Wisconsin and Michi
gan Guardsmen Were Bound
for England Under Convoy
of British Warships
Many of 267 Unaccounted for
May Be Saved -News of
I Attack Meagre
Cunartl liner Tuscama, carrying
2179 American soldiers, has been
torpedoed and sunk off the Irish
coast, but official reports late to
night said 1912 of the officer and
men bad been saved and indicated
that the list of rescued might
prove- even larger. The troops,
composed chiefly of detachment
of Michigan and Wisconsin na
tional guardsmen, were traveling
on thoTuscania, a British vessel,
nnder convoy of British warships.
A brief dispatch to the war de
partment from London early thin
evening announced' the disaster ,
and reported the landing of only
1100 survivor. Thia was made'
public Rhortly after 10 o'clock and
for more than 'two hours it was
feared that probably 1400 men,
including members of the liner's
crew, had gone down.
Survivors Beach Irish Forts.,
When a message came to the
state department from the embas
sy at London, saying, at 11 o'clock
tonight, 1912. of the Americans
had leen accounted for, the joy
of officials almost swept away the 1
distress occasioned by the earlier
news. Tho first 1100 survivors
were landed at Larne and Bun
crana, two widely separated Irish
ports, and this, coupled with the
evident fact that rescue ships were
on hand quickly gave rise to -hope
that nearly everybody on board
the Tuscania ekcept those injur
ed by the explosion might have
been saved. ! . '
The president, Secretary Maker
and In fact all official Washington
were up late waiting for further
news. - Only the briefest dispatches
were received and none t;ave details
of the attack on the liner. Even
the time was missing but .it was as
sumed that it occurred early this
morning as the first message was
filed at Londrn at 3 o'clock this aft
ernoon, probably within an hour aft
er the relief ships reached tne Irish
coast. .The. president was at . the
theater "when the news was received
and he-was not told until be return
ed to the white house. In the mean
time the war, navy and state depart
ments had sent urgent messages by
wireless and cable instructing their
representatives .in England and Ire
land to forward every available fact!
Divisions'! Are Announced.
I Because of the nature of the mil
itary organizations carried by the
ship, the war department announced
that tt wonld be impossible to sav
definitely what troops were aboard
until the list of survivors was re
ceived. I-Ater, however, the adju
tant general's office made the list
public. It follows:
Headquarters detachment .and
Companies D.E and F of the Twenti
eth engineers.
170th engineer train. - t
107th engineer train.
107th military police,
197th supply train.,
No. 100 aero squadron.
lufcth aero squadron., ' .1
213th aero squadron. 'J ;
Replacement detachments num
bers 1 and 2. of the 32nd division.
Fifty one casual officers.
Thfr thirty-second division is com
posed of national guard troops from
Michigan and Wisconsin. The divi-
(Contlnucd on page
.(Continued on Tags 2)
'. "
(Continued on page 2)