The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 03, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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8 Pages
lllovenxent to Consolidate Bol-
sheviki Interests in Amer
. ; ica to Be Crystallized at
. New York Session
"Some I. W. W. Delegates
Present" . Give Rise to
Spirited Debate
NEW YORK. Feb. -2 A plan to
make the Russian colonial congress
now In session here a permanent un
ion of all Russians living in the
Uni;ed States to be. known as the
"Russian colon. In America, will be
submitted to the delegates tomorrow
by the committee on resolutions, it
was announced tonight by Gregory
Weinstein, leader of the organiza
tion, who Is said to" be a .trusted
friend of Leon Trotzky, Ilol&hevik
foreign minister. ,
, Several delegates declared tonight
that It- is virtually certain the" plan
will Je adopted. It was : admitted
that the general movement to consol
idate the Russians in' this country is
r Continued on page 6.
FJeW ISpriiig Silks
Several Large Shipments
Just Opened
7hile the lines are by no means complete, WE ALREADY
Silks Are
and there will be a scramble to
newknival this season. I
When comoared with former prices SILKS ARE" THE
Cheapest fabrics on the market today.,
showing: a wonderful array of. plaids and stripes in many
shades and many . weaves. They will ba. freely used for
Suits, Skirts, Dresses, Waists and to be made up in combi
nation with other fabrics. 1 "
NEW CHIFFON TAFFETAS, j Plain and Fancies.
SILK MERGES n plaids and stripes.1
Three, grades of CREPE DE CHINE in . most all (wanted
shades. ' - '
New wash; satins, in ivory and, flesh: colors.
HEAVY v GOTHAM CREPE especially , for . tailored .waists
and Suits in handsonje Springy shades;
Splendid; qualities ii LACKCHIFFON; .TATFETAS.
Many plain ; shades, in .fSJESAZJXEk-. ' ( ; .
GEES, also colored Pongee In plain shades.
Our profits are all figured on
sures unmatchable values.
Oia Store Closes at 5:30 Every Evening Except
Saturday at 8;OcIock
Veteran Stricken With Heart
I Trouble Receives Final
i "Knockout
Life of 59 Years Is Filled
; With Serious Struggle i
Against Habit '
1. 2.-1
Jphn L. Sullivan, one of the. most
interesting lighters of prize-ring- re
nown, died suddenly of heart dis
ease at his farm in" West Abington
today. As was his wish, he died
with his shoes on. Although strick
en with heart trouble three weeks
ago, he had quickly improved and
was in no sense an invalid. He was
about to leave his bouse today to
pay a visit to Boston to see his old
friend Captain James P. Sullivan of
the Boston police department, when
he received his" final knockout. ,
IIIIs friend and companion, George
It. Bush, rushed to his side-as the
old gladiator bank to the floor nu
conscious,, and! revived him with cold
water applications to the head.
"John L" iresnondinr nnlrklv to
this treatment, as in his palmy days
in . the oriierlnr. strusreleri in his
jteet and refused to take the decision
Continued on Page 6 )
get first choice from erery
the spot cash plan which in
J. C Moreland, Clerk of Ore
gon Supreme Court, Passes
Away Suddenly After Day
in His Office.
Late Official Honored by Ma
l sons and Held Numerous
; Posts of Trust
I have I known Judge More
land for forty -years and I have
always regarded him as a ver7
high ; type of man. He was a
naa of very, keen preception in
both state and national affairs.
, Strong he was in his likes and
dislikes, and ever a devuted
friend. He was' absolutely de
pendable, and" all through life '
, his career has been absolutely
without a blemish. His death
Is a distinctive loss to the state.
Tribute paid to Judge J. C.
Moreland ; by Governor Withy
combe. ; .
. . ........... .
Suddenly and: without- warning,
Judge Julius C. Moreland, clerk of
the Oregon supreme, court and one
of Oregon's most eminent lawyers
and students of Oregon history, died
at his home;. 14 75 Chemeketa street
yesterday morning; at 3:20 o'clock.
He was 73 years. old. His. death
followed an attack of heart trouble.
Judge Moreland attended to his
duties at the supreme court building
Friday and was an official visitor in
Portland a few days ago. He had
retired apparently in good health.
Following-a sick attack at 1 o'clock
in the morning, a physician : was
summoned. Judge Moreland rallied.
After a short sleep he suffered a
second attack. A physician was again
summoned and also his daughter and
son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Chester
Moores, who live in the Court apart
ments. But Judge Moreland ex
pired before they came.
Out of respect to Judge Moreland
the supreme court offices were closed
Ancestors With Cromwell.
Judge. Moreland traced his ancest
ry directly to the days of Cromwell,
one of the members of the Moreland
family having been a staunch iup
porter of the Protector. About the
year 1660, after the death of Crom
well, this ancestor crossed the ocean
to Virginia and settled on the James
river. He was the forerunner of a
long line of the sounthern planters
who were adherents of the Quaker
faith. ;
John Moreland, a Virginian by
birth, in his young manhood settled
in North Carolina,, but moved to Ken
tucky in 1807 and five years later
to Tennessee where he died in 1855.
He had been reared a a Quaker,
but later in life became affiliated
with the Methodist Episcopal church.
His son, Rev. Jesse Moreland, father
of Judge Moreland, was born Jan
uary 1, 1802, near Ashevllle, N. C.,
and held a license as a local Metho
dist preacher for more than seventy
years. His service as a. minister was
without pay, and he earned his iivll
hood . by farming. It was the evil
influence of southern slavery . that
caused him to move to Illinois, where
he settled at Carlinville, Macoupin
county fn 1848-. Four years later,
with his family of a wife and seven
children, ha crossed the plains to
Oregon, taking - six months for lie
trip. The arrival in Oregon was on
October 6., For some years the home
of the Moreland family was in Clack
amas county. The death of the pion
eer's wife occurred in 1859, and
after her, death the elder, .Moreland
followed merchandising for twelve
years." He came to Salem in 1862,
and later moved to Portland where
he died March 3, 1890 at the age of
88 years. . J -1
1 Mother Of Eminent Aneestry.
The mother of Judge Moreland was
of eminent-ancestry. Her maiden
name was Susan Robertson. She was
a native of Cumberland county, Ten
nessee. Her ancestors fought under
Cromwell; The founder of the Rob
ertson family ton this side ' of the
water, was General William Robert
son, 'who had been an officer under
Cromwell , and who was . a member
of the Jury in the trial of Chales f,
and. as such a participant in the
order ; demanding; the death of
Charles II. . General Robertson fled
to Virginia for safety after the death
of Cromwell.
; Later ancestor fought In both the
Revolutionary war and the War of
1812, several of them ranking high
as officers.; : , ' S
: The Oregon jurist whose death oc
curred yesterday had. eight brothers
and sisters. Judjje Moreland was 8
years old. when he accompanied his
parents to Oregon from Illinois. He
assisted his father In clearing the
newly settled farm and was able to
attend school three, months of the
year. He wenf to Portland In 186 )
(Continued-on page )
Four Amendments Offered to
Proposed BUI for Govern
ment Operation '
Proposal to Increase Compen
sation to Railroads Is
Voted Down
.-WASHINGTON. -Feb. 2. The ad
ministration railroad bill, limiting
the period, of government control of
the railroads and providing for com
pensation to the stockholders. t will
be reported to both houses of con
gress next week.1 At the urgent re
quest of Director General McAdoo.
administration leaders will make
every effort to expedite 'passage of
the measure. ; r t ;
The' senate interstate commerce
committee voted today to report the
measure favorably Monday with
amendments T limitng government
control to eighteen months after the
close of the war and giving the presi
dent power to initiate rates subject
to appeal to the interstate commerce
commission. .Thev committee's artion
was not unanimous. Senators Cum
mins 1 and La Follette, Republicans,
announcing that they would submit
minority reports. , The house com
mittee by a vote of fifteen to six ap
proved an amendment providing for
termination of government control
two years after peace is declared.
Chairman Sims later announced that
his committee would complete con
sideration of the meamre Tuesday J
or weanesaay ana tnat ne wouia asx
unanimous consent for Its immediate
passage. - " '" .- ''V.
T Four Amendments' Offered.
Four amendments ' to limit the
time of governlnent control were of
fered in the house committee.' One
by Representative Each . fixed ; the
time, at one year after the war, an
other by Representative Barclay at
three years, a third, by Representa
tive Parker at eighteen months, and
te fourth by Representative Mon
tague at two years. - " ' -
Chairman Sims vigorously opposed
the two years' limitation as adopted,
declaring that it would affect the
valuation of railway securities. Rep
reser.tive Montague insisted' that
at least two years would be required
for the railroad interests to adjust
themselves after, the war. Those
voting foi the two-year amendment
were Montague, Rayburn, Coady, De
walt. Snook, Sanders, Esch. Hamil
ton, Parker of New Jersey, Parker of
New York,- Wlnslow, Dillon, Sweet.
Stiness and Cooper, and those voting
against It were Sims, . Dorerous.
Stephens, Barkley, Decker and Dale.
Increased Compensation Ijones.
The senate committee left un
changed the original provision in the
bill fixing the rate of compensation
on the basis' of . the annual railway
operating income for the three years
ending on June 30, 1917, and the
house committee is also expected to
agree to this provision, which was
(Continued on page 6)
German Factories Unable to
Turn Out Supply to Sat
isfy Demands
Short-Charge Is for Merchant
Vessels; Full Charge for
(Correspondence of The Associated
Press) Shortage of torpedoes is one
of the most serious with which the
directors .of the German U-boat war
are now faced. It is a well known
and admitted fact that German fac
tories, are at present absolutely un
able to turn out flrst-clasa torpedoes
in anywhere near sufficient quanti
ties for the needs of the submarines.
In fact.: the underwater craft are
being turned out faster than the tor
pedoes with the result that recourse
has been had. to various, expedients
to keep the submarines supplied with
their chief weapon.
Germany's fleet or Z-boats must
carry thousands of torpedoes. Thou
sands more must always be ready in
reserve. In fact- the reserve supply
(Continued on Page 6)
Strip i Between! Two Lines Is
Only 60 Feet at One Sector
in France and Both Forces
Shun Muddy Ground
Heavy Gunfire Is Kept Up and
Scenes at Night Are
FANCE, Feb. 1. American troops
in trenches on the Frencji front at
one place are only 60' feet-from the
German line. In another place a
mile of ground separates the oppos
ing positions? At this point, how
ever, there are a number of ponds,
and neither side apparently desires
to occupy the water-covered ground.
The American trenches all are in
more or less marshy ground, making
the1 .use -of the "duck boards" nec
cessary at all times except when the
trench vwater and mud are frozen.
The trenches were shallow when the
American moved in. but since they
have been deepened and improved.
In every dugout the soldiers work
almost constantly at the pumps keep
ing out the water which seeps in.
But the water, conditions are un
favorable for trench rats, and few
of them are seen.- One unit spent
more -than, a week In the line before
seeing a rat, and he, apparently, was
In a hurry to ret to some place where
the ground was drier.
Enemy's Post In lht.
In some places tne artillery is on
ground but little higher than the
trenches, although a number of our
batteries manage to keep dry feet"
most of the time. " The enemy artil
lery in some places is on higher
ground than the American, and with
in sight of one of our positions there
is a German observation post urer
look much territory. This has
been shelled repeatedly, and doubt
less has been hit on several occasions.
On clear nights the hill upon which
this post stands' out against the sky
is illuminated occasionally by rockets
sent up by one side or the other, so
that the inert In the line may see the
shadows which mean that the enemy
is near. -
The scene at night Is thrilling and
inspiring. On the firing platforms
the men sand near their rifles.
Others splash through the trenches,
sometimes slipping from the duck
boards into water above their kness.
They are probably going out on pa
trol. If the position Is near the en
emy lines, hardly a word is spoken,
and when a word is necessary it is
spoken in a whisper.
White Steam Shoot TTn.
.Far away to one side ot the posi
tion a white steam shoots up to the
sky and breaks into white balls that
throw a light as if from a powerful
electric batteries. The reflections
show wire entanglements and scrub
by, bushes on the hills nearby, then
the lights die out. All the while
there is the intermittent roar of guns
and a whistle as of express trains
as projectles of different calibers o
rushing over the American trenches
seeking a . German, target. The
American soldiers have become so ac
customed to such sounds that now
they apparently payo attention to
them'. Every, now- and then the
sound o(rt shell explosion is audi
ble, but most of the time the artillery
targets at night are too far back
from the trenches for the men to
hear the projectles explode. .
- Every one in the line at all times
has his eye open for two kinds of
colored rockets. One Is green and
the other is red. The , first, means
asphyxiating gas and the other calls
for a barrage. And the green light
to the men in the linens means more
than anything else, for in a gas at
tack they know their Uvea often de
pend upon the -speed In which the
gas masks are adjusted after an
alarm is given.
Xlgtit Explosions Heard.
Intermittently . during the night
there comes from different parts of
the line the single crack of a riflo.
as a sniper fires, or the rapid spit of
a machine gun at some suspected
point or object, for -the machine gun
ners shoot first and? ask questions
During the past .'few days there
has been-no aerial activity because
of the fog, but during the clear days
preceding the bad weather the men
in the,line witnessed, many thrilling
flights in the air. German airplanes,
coming over at a considerable height,
on observation trips would be shelled
vigorously as they came within
range. Usually they fly In groups of
three, but they- separate when the
shrapnel puff; begin to break amon?
them. A trail of smoke of bursting
shells follows the enemy planes
aeress the sky until they are out of
range..- - '
If the Germans after ducking and
dodging shrapnel get back of t.e
American lines, French airplanes
climb up after them and every time
(Continued on Page 6)
Thousands of. Soldiers to Be
Employed at Ploughing
V Grass Lands
Danger From Exploded Shells
Now Regarded Practi? "
cally Minus , - - .
LONDON, Feb. ' 3.( Correspond
ence of the Associated Press.) The
British war office is making-plans
for carrying out an agricultural of
fensive on. an enormous scale- this
spring behind the British lines in
France. With th cordial co-operation
of the French government thou
sands of acres of grass land will be
ploughed up, as well as some parts
of the old battlefields. British sol
diers by the thousands will be em
ployed on the work, most of them
being assigned to this labor dulrng
their period of reserve duty. ;
: The food grown in this way will.
If the war lasts long enough, go to
help in feeding the British army.
American tractor ploughs will be
largely used In the work of turning
over the ground.
U. 8. Fanners Study SoIL
The area to, be tilled includes
one of the lAost fiercely contested
battle grounds of the war. Hereto
fore it has been held that little could
be done for perhaps several .gener
ations toward restoring these battle
fields to Cultivation, owing partly to
the soil j being, poisoned" x by as
phyxiating gases and high explosives
and partly to "the fact that unexplod
ed shells and grenades wonld make
ploughing verty dangerous. But
practical farmers do not agree with
this theory. An American farmer
who recently visited the whole
Somme area studying the posslMlI
ties t cultivation were, siaiesr r
"To those who believe that the
land has been poisoned by, gas and
shell fumes, I might point out that
while these fumes wilt fresh foliage,
the effect is only temporary, rarely
lasting for more than a week or. two.
The soil it vlf Is not deleteriously
affected. ; -
"As to the .churning ' np ' of . the
earth by bursting shells. I might
point out that sub-eoil cultivation by
the use of dynamite has been 'prac
tised in America for several years.
In all the world I know of no soil
more likely to benefit by this proc
ess than, that of northern France,
underlaid as it is by strata f de
composing chalk; r
Battlefield ? Are Fertile. .
"Evidence of the fertility of these
battlefields Is found in the wealth
or flowers and weeds with whichi
they are already covered. Never un
der the hands of the husbandman
have these farms brought forth such
verdAe. -rJ I.
"I believe that the danger from
unexploded shells Is practically-negligible,
, A shell which Jhas, failed to
go off at the end of, a five or ten
mile flight through the air Is not
likely to be disturbed by a prod from
a plough. Moreover, the explosive
in a shell or grenade deteriorates,
rapidly from burial in damp earth;
Burled barb wire must be picked up.
pulled up. or cut off as it is encoun
tered. ' Concrete fragments, . heavy
Iron, and the like, will have to be
picked up bodily and carried away.
"This leaves one problem . to be
solved a practicable way of effect
ing the first rough cultivation," ,
W. H. Goultt May Again Be
Candidate (or Commiuioner
W. H. Goulet. one of the Marion
county commissioners who has. been
mentioned as a possible candidate for
county Judge, it now appears, will be
a candidate for re-election to the of
fice ot commissioner.
Sanderson Reed of Portland yes
terday filed with Secretary of State
Olcott declaration of his candidacy
for state senator from the thirteenth
senatorial district. His slogan Is, "I
advocate- fewer laws and more sub
stance." Mr. Reed doesn't say what
kind of substance he advocates.
Echo, Or., Private Pays
Supreme Sacrifice Abroad
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2. General
Pershing today reported the death, of
Private Manuel Mooes of Echo, Or.,
from pneumonia, lie was a member
of a machine gun battalion .
Merchant Overcharged'
for Sugar ; Fine $300
NEW YORK, Feb. , 2. Michael
Rosenberg, a wholesale merchant.
was fined $300 today for having
charged 14 cents a pound for sugar
wholesale. , It waa said the money
will be .turned into some war fund to
be designated by the federal stood
board. m." .. - ; - -H- ..
Sunday rain west, rain or snow east
portion; - moderate southerly winds.
Arrest ot Independent Leader
for Address to Street Crowd
Brings Promise of Nation
Wide Demonstration. v
V crkers Cry Jcr Drcnd tzl
Peace; Cities Under Un
itary Control
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 2. A copy
of a pamphlet Issued by the inde
pendent Socialists which has reachc I
Copenham, shows that the strike I i
Germany was prepared by them. Tl
pamphlet' points Out that the Pan
Germans have brought the pAce ne
gotiations and . the future Of Ger
many into great danger.
Admiral. Von Tirpitz, leader of t5.-
Fatherlar party, after an intervie w
with the imperial chancellor, declar
ed that he was satisfied with tie
government's plans concerning t) j
east.- Such a declaration, says U ;
pamphlet, proves that the govern
ment la In collusion with the advo
cates ; of riolence and just at tl
moment the reichstag is closed a: 1
other means of criticism made im
possible by the government.
. ."Our press is gagged, our cor
fades are imprisoned, and the fac
tories to a still greater extent
miltarlsed," continues the ttamphl .
"Men , and women of the worki
classes! There is no time to 1c .
After the horrors and frightful r
ferlng we have undergone, a n
and frightful disaster threatens c
people yes, even the whole of hu
manity. . ; v
.-. ' "Only a peace .without indemr 5
ties and annexations can save us, a. l
the. hour has come when yon mt: .
raise your voice for such a pear
At this moment the German peo;
must by means of ' powerful demon
strations manifest its will to finis:,
the war." . :j ...
The pamphlet Is signed by Edoisr ".
Bernstein; Hugo Haase, Will:'
Dittmann, George Ledebour ' a:. .
other leaders.
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 2. A Man!
dispatch to tne Frankfurter Zeitu:
saystaht several strike leaders hav
been arrested there, 'including, tl
writer, Kurt Eisner, and Frau Sara ;.
Lerch. The troops prevented a dem
onstration which was attempted I -fore
Wittelsbach palace, where tl. ;
king resides. ,
Tumultuous scenes occurred at T -ctalist
meetings. The general situa
tion is little changed.
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 2. T: -Rhenische
Westfalische Zeitung po
lished a Monster dispatch, dat I
February 1, reproducing a proclau -tlon
Issued by the deputy coramar -ing
general. In which he says: ?
"Germany is face to face with 1
hour of destiny. Her enemies hav
abandoned hope-of victory by arr .
and are now trying to 5w dlssensL i
in our ranks. A propaganda on a
large scale, supported by the ides i
of the Russian revolution, has resum
ed in some sections of the popul a
tion following the enticements of ir
responsible agitators."
(By The Atociated Pre)
Germany's workers are still In a
restless mood and although t!
strike movement appears to be r .
the wane, largely. through the adop
tion of drastic measures by the au
thorities, there are threats of fur
ther demonstrations and a continua
tion of sporadic disorders.
Berlin and its environs remain-tl
center of the, disturbance. The city
is under military control. Factor k--
where strikes are in progress bavf
been militarized, say dispatches, an 1
the - workers warned to report f
work by Monday morning or underj,
military discipline. .
The most serious disturbances sr
pear - to have .occurred in Berl.
Thursday,, when crowds got out of
hand, overturned street cars, inter
fered with workers who had kept i
their employment and frequently
collided with the police. In one ra
when a panic broke out after a t
had been-fired, the police are declar
ed to have charged with drawn sab
ers, thirty strikers and manyonlools
ers being wounded. At Spandau, an
importrM suburb, there were sim
ilar disorders, and a mob Is reporte i
to have attacked soldier guards.
Demonstration I Threatened.
A nation-wide demonstration ii
threatened over the arrest of Deputy
William Dlttman, one of the inde
pendent 'Socialist leaders, for at
tempting to address a street crowd.
The completeness of the military con
trol of 'Berlin is Indicated by the re
ported refusal of Chancellor Vot
Hertling to order the deputy's re
lease when asked to do so.- giving e
a reason that he was powerless t
interfere, as the capital was entirely
la military hands.
The semi-official .statement -
Continue ?3 1)