The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, February 02, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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Rain or snow: moderate
westerly winds. '. -j,
1- : ' ' "...
t HMjKM, OltKGO.V, SATURDAY Mlt.(J, 1'KIJItUAIlV 2. 1018
price five cnxr
Jackson Hill Route to Jeffer
son Is Favored by Commis
sion Turner-Marion Way
i Hit by Freshet
SiTveyJ Completed Between
Jefferson and Albany in
Linn County .
. Another, stretch of highway In
Jlarion cdunty that is slated for early
Improvement hy the state highway
commission is the road from Salem
; ; to Jefferson. Surveyors are already
- it work on the line and two routes
are being considered by the commis
sion. One of them is the present
raciflc highway and the other is the
Jefferson highway or what is known
a the Jackson hill route. Neither
route touches any other town be
tween Salem and Jefferson.
. A third route for which many res
idents in " the "Turner and ' Marion
districts fought has been investigat
ei by the commission and found im
practicable for two 1 reasons. One
. reason is that it is four miles longer
r teas the other routes and another
that daring the freshet earlier in the
winter the road was largely under
water. A strong '.fight was put up
for this route by citizensl f or ' the
reason that it touches at Turner and
' llarlon. i '-. ij ' . : ---
The Jackson bill route, to go over
. or around Jackson hill. Is favored
by the commission. The distance is
about seventeen miles from State
tract to Jefferson, and State High
way Engineer Nunn says the Jackson
bill grade can be reduced to 5 per
cent Pavement is already down the
length of Commercial street and on
thi routea macadam road' already
extends to Jefferson, conditions that
will facilitate the improvement. It
is understood the Marlon county
court is prepared to start grading
as soon as the commission is ready.
Between "Jefferson and Albany in
Lina county - the survey has been
Completed -if or another lap of " the
highway, ' . '"-" Ap :
Slow Spruce Production Said
To Have Caused Removal -
OSWALD -west: speaks
Fcrmer Oregon Governor At
v, tributes Lumber Delays ,
to Ignorance
WASHINGTON, Feb. l.--Frlctlon
In the aircraft board, which resulted
In the removal of - Major Charles R.
Sllgh, in charge of wood production,
was investigated today by the senate
- military committee.
'-Colonel R. L. Montgomery, chief
or the equipment division of the sig
nal service, told the committee Maj
or Sllgh was removed because heads
f the service believe the production
of spruce was being delayed. -
Major Slight testified that he wa3
removed because he was "too active
t0 nlt'the members of the lumber
committee of the council of national
efeBse.' He maintained that spruce
proflnction Increased whtle he wav
fJlare nd decreased after the
wa Pla"ed In the hands of
fwers. - and that there would have
ea ao shortage of spruce had hU
recommendations made last, summer
jn accepted. The major also said
had been opposed bv George S.
fnsr manager for the Weyerhauser
, r wmpanyofMhe northwest.
" member of the lumber committee of
council of 'national defense, and
dlory committee of thrw?
paling with spruce production in
the northwest. , ;
.F?lrn,er Governor West of Oregon
. rlributed delays In getting out lum
r supplies to ignorance.) He says
ng-was.not.a suitable man for
rk, in wlew of his connection
ri I Wcycrhauser interests, who
rM inf lumber to the government
' urged that practical uninter
ested m en should be utilised. ;
f- loyrd ft. Coffin, chairman, of
afraf t board will be recalled
- rJiro"rrw" In executive session ro-
yarding aircraft progress.
Railroad Embargoes Regard
ed Adequate to Cope With
! Situation
Officials Admit That Closing
Order Could Have Been
1 Avoided
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. Aban
donment of the heatless Monday pro
gram after its enforcement nest
Monday was predicted tonight at the
close of a prolonged conference be
tween! Fuel Administrator Garfield
and Director General McAdoo. ;
A final decision "was not reached
and a further conference will be held
Tuesday, but there-was everr indica
tion that both officials, as well as
President Wilson, who has been con
sulted, feel that the purpose sought
can be accomplished 'from now on by
continuance of preferential coal
transportation - and distribution I and
by railroaj embargoes now in force.
At : the conclusion of the confer
ence tonight the following statement
was Issued jointly by Dr.. Garfield
and McAdoo:
Final DecLnlon Xot Tteaclied. r
"We have had ' under considera
tion the question of suspending after
Monday , next, -the Monday . closing
order, We have not reached a final
conclusion about it. We shall havf
another conference Tuesday. ,next
when the results of the Monday clos
ings and of the railroad embargoes
up to that time can be fully consider
ed and shall be able to make an an
nouncement next week as towhether
or not a suspension of the Monday
closing order may be made."
Ten heatless Mondays were de
creed by the fuel administration Jan
uary! 17 as a measure to save coal
and to relieve railroad transport a
tion.f Nexr irofldajTwIirbe the third
The Monday closing has brought'
the most vigorous opposition from
commercial ; Interests, particularly
the . big department stores, the small
stores, too, have opposed It. as have
the owners of office buildings. The
aters succeeded In having the day
as applied to them changed to Tues
day, ; . -
Itaftulte Xot Fully Known.
It (was stated officially that the
reason a final decision' was not
reached was because "complete re
ports have not as yet been rccelvej
showing the exact results of the five
day eloslng, and the effects of opera
tion of the embargoes to date. Doth
Mr. McAdoo and Dr. Garfield are of
the opinion, however. It was said,
that since the coal problem is large
ly . one of transportation embargoes
will j bring results without continu
ance; of the Monday closings. Nine
days enforcement of the embargoes,
it is held, has improved the situation
as much as would have an observ
ance of nine heatless Mondays, al
though bad weather conditions have
slowed p coal movement, he fuel
hdntlnfistrations preferential order
calling for -the distribution of col
first to householders, rhips, public
institutions and favored war indus
tries, will stand as well as will the
railroad administration's order giv
ing preferential rail movement to
coal and food. ,
' -j I tall Embargoes Adequate.
Officials ' make no secret of th?
fact that had rail embargoes been
declared in the first place the indas
tlral closing order would not have
been ls,snod. The embargoeswere
placed at the urgent request of the
fuel administration, which contend
ed that the effects of' the closing
order would be nullified by weather
conditions unless the step were tak
en. ';. ; .,.
, Officials of the railroad adminis
tration Relieve a Teturn ot good
weather will Jppeedily Testore the
transportation system and that thl$
will solve the fuel problem. They
say; that the Monday closing has dis
organized activities and actually has
hampered railroad operation by male
ing it ImpoFslble to load and unload
ears promptly. V
r Fnel Administrator Garfield has
not been ready to revoke the closing
order, despite the great' amount of
pressure J brought .to. bear by com
mercial interests, until assured that
the embargoes would be continued.
At a conference here next Monday
of thirteen state fuel administrators,
called today,-Dr. Garfield expects to
get. complete information on the coal
situation and to learn the exact ef
fects of the closing order, j j.:
Daniels Orders Candy j
r WASHINGTON. Fob. 1. Sale of
candy in the navy, stopped January
19, pending Investigation of reports
that some of that furnished tho men
contained harmful Impurities was
ordered, resumed tonight 'by Secre
tary . Daniels. An Inquiry revealed
that the .report were untrue, :
First Lord of Admiralty An
nounces England Is De
stroying U-Boats as Fast as
Germany Can Build Them
erated Statements Are
Shown; More Ships AI
j ways Needed
LONDON, Feb. l. ( By The Asso
ciated Press) "The submarine is
held." ' ; .
Thus In four words. Sir Eric Camp
bell Ceddes, first lord of the admir
alty, today summarized the results
of the first year of Germany's un
restricted submarine warfare, which
began February 1. a year ago.
A measure of its failure, he add
ed to the correspondent, was found
in the fact that sinking of mer
chant ships now had been reduced
to a level lower than before Ger
many cast aside all restraint.
- "I am, an optimist regarding the
U-boat war," said Sir Eric. "The
submarine,'; restrained and unre
strained, has beeen met and has not
proved invincible.. I am inclined to
think that now, since I made my last
public statement, 'we are sinking
submariner as fast as Germany can
build them.
' j "My 'curves' are ; all good and 1
cannot foresee any way in which the
situation can be changed except for
the better. . ,
More Tonnage Needed.
f "The sooner the better, is now the
allied navy's, aim. But you see
tbe;e still Is a but, and it is a very
Important one we must have more
ships if we are able to turn this
German failure into a positive allied
victory The. submarine destruction
of the world's tonnage is not a big
percentage of tke whole, but sub
marine destruction still necessitates
the production of ships and mean
time the demands for tonnage are
Increasing by leaps and bounds,
. "America's participation -in the
war must inevitably make large de
mands on merchant shipping. Yet,
we must continue at the same to
keeep up with the demands of the
allied armies and with the vital ne
cessities of the, United civil popula
tions. " 'Ships and! yet more ships,' is
still the most important corollary of
the war. How, far can we rely on
American effort for these ships? I
have, no doubt the United States will
do its utmost, but -1 want to urge
again the rital Importance of its mer
chant shipping program.
"When ire first asked the United
States for ships there was a quick
response. In no way can the United
States help more, than in building
ships. Is she succeeding? Is she
throwing her best brains and great
energies into It? It Is a worthy
contribution to ourgreat cause. I
hope she is.
- More U-lloaU Sunk. x
"Meanwhile, we shall not be Idle.
Great Britain is sy-aining every re
source to launch every ton of which
she is capable. We are at the pres
ent moment building merchant ships
at a, higher rate than ever in our
record before i the war and before
1918 ; is over we shall be building
shipping of'all kinds at a rate more
than double that record year. But
a great deal depends on American
effort, and V should greatly, regret
if anything I ralhgt say regarding
the future of the Ferman submarine
warfare should be construed as min
imizing the need for 'ships and yet
more ships. j ;
Turning to i the progress of the
campaign against the German sub
marine. Sir Eric again referred to
the satisfactory trend of the carve
to which he, has referred-in several
of his speeches
"All the curves continue to bend
in the right direction." he said, "he
destruction of allied shipping, de
creases rapidly; the construction of
merchant shipping increases steadily
and the sinking of German submar
ines steadily rises.
"There is still another curve which
I keep. I have never told the public
about It.ibut It gives me personally
much satisfaction. It Is the curve
representing what I call the factor
'exaggeration' In the German official
statements of U-boat results. Let
me explain that curve briefly. :
. fterinair KxaggeratJnn Proved.
"Every month since the unre
stricted submarine 1 war ' began tho
Germans have issued an official
statement of the total amount of
tonnage alleged to have been sunk
during 'that month. Every month
that statement comes to my desk and
is compared wlth;the actual total as
shown in our records, tl would only
be natural to expect some differences
for submarine commanders would
naturally include in their reports a
few ships which they torpedoed but
which we -afterwards saved.
"Bnt we found" there was a great
er difference than could be explained
(Continued on rage 2).
Committee Appointed to Car
ry Resolution Before
Need of Better Traffic Facili
ties Is Pointed Out in
Salem shippers met at the com
mercial club yesterday to confer on
the question of a physical connection
of the tracks of the Southern Pa
cific and the Oreeon Electric rail
road companies in Salem and decid
ed to refer the subject to a special
committee with power to represent
the shippers in negotiations with the
railroads and in conference with the
public service commission.
The committee is Otto W. Brandt,
traffic manager of the Pheasant
Northwest Products company; II. M.
Proebstel, traffic manager of the
Salem-Klngs Products company, and
Robert C. Paulas, manager of the
Salem Fruit union. John H. Mc
Nary will be legal adviser.
Resolutions to be drafted by the
committee will go to the public serv
ice commission, and from the com
mission either to Director general
McAdoo or to President Sproule of
the Southern Pacific company.;
Southern Pacific Opposed.'
Opposition of the Southern Pacific
company to the connection is known
to, be unqualified, and President
Sproule has given orders that it be
not allowed in any case. The Ore
gon Electric Is favorable.
In the state supreme court has
been pending for thirty months a
parallel case from Albany, and the
advice of Chairman Miller of the
public service commission Is that the
local shippers await action of the
court on the Albany case before
pressing action. It is Mr. Miller's
advice also that a resolution signed
by the local shipper be presented to
the commission. Mr. Miller told Mr.
Paulus yesterday that the commis
sion Is in sympathy with the effort
and wilt co-operate with the shippers
as far as possible. He informed Mr.
Paulus. however, that wherever ef
forts have been made through the
courts for the formation of connec
tions of opposing roads the shippers
have been defeated.
- Car Shortage Troubles,
The car shortage condition of the
Southern Pacific company makes a.
connection in Salem vitally neces
sary. II. S. Gile said in the confer
ence yesterday that his company has
been -unable to ship on the lines of
the Southern Pacific for some time
and that the company could not have
gotten a carload of goods out of Sa
lem in recent months if the plant
had not had the advantage of a spur
track from the Oregon Electric. The
attltud e of the Southern Pacific
company, it appears from statements
made yesterday, is one, of extreme In
dependence. Officials of the road
have made the statement that the
company has all the business It can
handle at present without additional
freight to haul on its lines. This at
titude Incenses some of the Salem
New AntiSubmarine
Craft Daly Is flan
WASHINGTON. Feb. 1. Produc
tion plans for the navy's new anti
submarine craft contemplate the de
livery of a finished boat every da7
when the cycle of production is com
plete. The first vessel has already
been started in the fabricating shops
at the Ford Motor company at De
troit. The design was worked out to re
duce to a minimum the necessity of
shaping plates. There are many
flat - surfaces to the vessel on that
account, bent and curved plates hav
ing been avoided wherever possible.
"His Barometric Majesty,
The Groundhog, Appears
Oat of His Hole
This Is the day of His Bar-
ometrlc Majesty, Emperor of
the Marmots; Hia Serene Cau
tiousness Arotomys Monax,
the King of the Woodcbucks,
who in civil life is known as
the Groundhag, If he comes
out of his hole, and the sooth
saying little beast is supposed
.to come out of bis hole on
Candlemas day, and this Is
Candlemas day, he will either
, stay out for a while, or go
right back. If the sun is
shining and he sees his own
shadow that will mean six
weeks more of winter. If It
Is gloomy and the sky is over
surface, for that will mean, so
cast, he will linger on the
also runs the lore, that win-
ter is over and .that taps can
be sounded for K. Dorcas.
Delegation Will Ask County
Judge Bushey to Withdraw
Appointment of County
Fruit Inspector f
Petition for Vercler Carries
Overwhelming Majority
of Names
A representative of Marion county
fruit growers said yesterday that a
delegation of orcbardists and others
interested In the fruit industry will
call on County Judge Bushey today
or Monday and endeavor to persuade
him to withdraw the appointment of
S. H. Van Trump as county fruit In
spector. '' I
Dissatisfaction with the appoint
ment of Van Trump Is said to bo gen
eral among the fruit growers. It is
asserted that his knowledge of local
conditions and his experience as aa
orchardlst are not sufficient to quali
fy him for the position. Another
point made against him is that the
petition for Van Tramp's appoint
ment which was presented to the
county conrt exceeded by a very few
names the minimum of twenty-five
that is required on petitions for ap
pointment to the position of inspect
or, t Van Trump's petition carried
thirty-seven names, it is claimed,
while the petition presented to the
court in favor of A. Vercler carried
181 names, all but six of which were
those of fruft growers.
Van Tramp Opposed Agent t
Other objections are urged against
Van Trump. . He it was who led the
fight against an appropriation for
the county's share in the mainten
ance of a county agricultural agent.
Some of those who are dissatisfied
with his appointment as fruit in
spector go as far as to say that Van
Trump himself wanted to be county
agent. -
Information, which is believed to
be correct, has leaked out th&t Van
Trump was author of the resolution
adopted at a . recent, session of the
Marlon County Pomona Grange di
rected against Oregon Agricultural
college, and particularly . against
President Kerr of that institution.
Co-opertln May lie in Danger.
It is pointed out by the fruit grow
ers that much of the fruit Inspector's
work is carried on In co-operation
with the state agricultural college,
which Van Trnmp's open antagonism
to the Institution will render im
practicable or at least Ineffective.
(Continued on Page 3)
American Machine Gun Fire
Puts Nest of Busy Snipers
to Flight
IN FRANCE. Feb.. 1 American gun
ners and riflemen, have made it hot
for enemy snipers during tho last
twenty-four hours. One German
sniping post, discovered by a patrol,
was obliterated completely by, our
artillery. An enemy machine sec
retly placed during a fog where it
could enfilade our lines, had to be
withdrawn when American machine
guns concentrated their fire' on a
nest of busy enemy snipers and com
pelled fnem all to seek safety under
cover. I
American artillery shelled the en
emy first lines accurately with big1
explosions and responded almost in
stantaneously to a call for sj bar
rage from the front line when the
men saw movements on the r other
side of the wire. When the artil
lery ffre ceased no Germans were
visible. There was no aerial activ
ity because of the fog. -
Three casualties were reported.
Two were caused by accidental bul
let wounds and one by shell fire
Observers report that the Germans
are becpmlng nervous and fumpy.
This is Indicated especially by -the
unusual number of flares sent up
during lastlght. After one series
the Americans go their first experi
ence with the enemy's "flying pigs,"
a number of which were aimed at
an observation post without result.
! During the early hours, today thi
enemy attempted to set up a ma
chine gtia In a position close to a
certain American trench. Effective
use of rifles and grenades forced the
Germans to withdraw. ,
Two American patrols had hard
luck early today. One was discov
ered in hiding and subjected to ma
chine gun fire, but none of the Am
ericans was hit! One group of Am
erican snipers discovered enemy
snipers and fired so well , that the
enemy retired hastily. It is believed
some German casualties were caused
Withdrawal From Berlin and
' Vienna Due to Ruthless
Sinking of Ship
Government Maintains Si
lence But Important Step
Seems Pending '
BUENOS AIRES. Feb. 1. -The
minister of war has recalled Argen
tina's military attaches from Berlin
and Vienna. In political circles, this
(is regarded as significant and con
nected with the sinking or me Ar
gentine steamship Mlnistro I rri en
do. January 26.
The Argeltlne minister to France
steamship was flying the Argentine
flag when sunk. The government
has not annouced by what authority
the change In flags -was made after
leaving this country the vessel hav
ing sailed under the French flag
but reports the sinking as an un
friendly act even though the use of
the home flag was unauthorised.
The assumption in political circles
here Is that Germany does not in
tend to keep her promises in regard
to Argentina's shipping.
The situation here is tense and
the authorities are maintaining more
than their usual silence on the sub
ject, but several "agents at the gov
ernment headquarters late today led
to -the belief that the government
at last Is preparing to take an Im
portant step. After sn unusually long
lapse of tvpie the foreign oriice to
day replied to the notes of Peru and
Uruguay, which notified Argentina
of their rupture of relations with
Germany, and that of Brazil Inform
ing Argentina of her sister country's
stxte of war with the central powers.
Argentina, in the three notes sent
la reply, expressed her approbation
and warmest sympathy with the
three other South American coun-
' tries. . - : ' ' "-' -
The note to Brazil, which was the
moat significant, says that the Ar
gentine government has followed all
phases of the causes which led to
"this Just resolution" and close
with an expression of homage to the
Brazilian nation. r
These notes and the simultaneous
recall of the military attaches from
Berlin and Vienna are regarded as
indlca ing that the country is verg
ing on a crisis In its International
relations. . It also was announced to
day that an army officers, who has
been acting as a correspondent In
Berlin for La Nacion also has beea
recalled by the minister of war.
Victims Are Children on Way
Home From Consolidated
Passengers Leave Train and
Begin Work of Caring
for Injured
BARNUM. Minn., Feb. 1. Driv
ing squarely Into a school bus load
ed with twenty-five children return
ing from a consolidated school near
here late today, a southbound North
ern Pacific passenger train crashed
through the bus, killing seven of the
occupants and Injuring all the others
including the driver.
William Fogarty, Alpha Harrlng-
Jton, Homer Staller, Mary Snooks,
John. Karl and Charley, Kaivo
brothers, none more than 15 yean
of age, were killed, their bodies be
ing mangled almost beyond rccognl
tlon by the wheels of the train. Gla
dys McCandlass, Andy Doan, Mary
Fogarty John Cowan . and Harold
Hagen were the most seriously In
jured, and have been removed to a
hospital at Moose Lake, where It is
said they will recover. Carl Mueller
driver of the bus, was but slightly
hurt. ,
The force of the Impact derailed
the two rear cars of. the . train .but
none of the passengers was Injured.
Passengers left the trainandasslsted
in caring for the injured. Within a
short time a special train from Carl
ton and one from Willow, River had
arrived with physicians and nurses
who dressed the injuries and. harried
the children to a hospital. .
, , The bus was a, box-like affair.
without windows, and Mueller said
he had no chancy to know-that the
train was approaching, .
Fatalities Result From B&ills
Fought in Streets ; Two
More German' Cities Put
Under Martial Law
Extension of Strike to System
of Food Distribution
. Prevented ' ' V
LONDON, Feb. 1. The latest tel
egrams received In Copenhagen from
Berlin report the . situation as un
changed, says n Exchange Tele
graph dispatch from the Danish cap
ital. The strike has not been ex
tended.: ' t
The Berliner Tageblatt - reports
that the police seised the Trades
Union building In Berlin and arrest
ed Deputy Koersten and other. lead-
n. -
A battle has been fought by. strik
ers and police in Berlin, resulting In
fatalities.. " .. .
Martial Jaw has been extended to
Bremen and Hemelingen, a nearby
town,, according to reports received
here. .
Xewspaper Incited Strike.
- The Vorkaerts, of Berlin, In an
nouncing Its suppression for, three
days, says this step was taken be
cause lt Incited a mass strike.'
Strikes have broken out in two
more Dortmund mines. The strik
ers at Nurembu rg, Bavaria, have re
sumed work after a two-day demon
stration strike.
Little fresh Information ' on th
strike movement in Germany tas
come through early today and vir
tually all the news in the morclsg
papers here ,has . been delaped in
transmission. None of ' the Berlin
newspapers of Wednesday's date has
arrived In Amsterdam and several of.
them are not printing owing to
strikes among their employes.
Delegates representing the strik
ers, according to Amsterdam reports
.attempted to Interview Chancellor
von Ilerfling, but he refused to see
them, as had Hcrr Walraff, minister
of the Interior. . ..
Situation Is Vague,
The actual situation-Thursday Is
exteremly vague. -The scarcity of
news Induces some carrespondents
In Holland to assume that the situa
tion has grown worse, but they warn
against attaching Importance to the
strike movement as far as the army
Is concerned,. . ' ,
The Berne correspondent of the
Daily Mall deprecates a too ready
assumption that the strike will have
a serious effect In Germany. He
says no strike4 or "revolt in1 Prussia
can be taken seriously until It has
won Its spurs. -
k The mind and moral will of the
whole population has been made too
effectively mechapical by a century
of military drill, tl must be rem
embered, too, that strike funds are
almost non-existent in Prussia, for
although the workers have been earn
Ing higher wages, they have virtually
been compelled to subscribe nearly
all to the war loan, and get no Inter
est. Newspaper opinion In Londonr e-
garding the strike is divergent. Some
papers incline to the belief that the
strike really denotes the growing
strength ofa democratic spirit in
Germany, while othets favor the
view that the whole thing to a great
extent has been engineered by the
government for its own purposes.
The Daily News thinks' It is obvious
that there has been spread into Ger
many and, Austria some measure of
the spirit which dethroned the Rus
sian emperor.
'.Government Holds Weapon.
On the other hand, the Dally Mail
argues that If revolution is talked
about In Germany, It Is because the
German government wanta It to. be
talked about. It says that it is vir
tually true that no strike can hap
pen there in war time, unless the
government sees profit In It.
ft Is reported that the . German
government up to this time has pre
vented the strike from extending to
the railways and tramways and the
workers employed In the production
and distribution of food. - , ,
Strikers Clash" wIUi Police. ' '
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 1. There
was a clash between strikers and the
police In -the northwestern part of
Berlin Thursday.' One policeman
was killed and a dozen strikers in
jured. "There were minar disturb
ances In the suburbs of Berlin.
The German v press ' " generally
agrees that the outbreak has reach
ed Jts climax in Berlin and Is now
receding." The demonstrations arg
said to show lack of centralize con
trol. : . -;
Reports from the chief IndtitZrial
sections of Germany indicate that
the strike movement nowhere Is find
ing the support necessary to carry it
along . ' - . " '.