wrmr; fresh easterly wind. ! ( I J I 1 ft (Ml (iff MST'OVf t Kaln west, fair ia cast portion; yMy J J JL. t JL! Jk Jl I'V 1 11 Jj ":nTY..SKVKXTH YKAH4f.NO. 27 i daily edition r illTARY IN CONTROL OF General Majerheim's Forces Swelled from 15,000 to 50,000 by Peasantry and . Army Is Moving Southward FCIICES ARMED WITH RUSSIA!! AMMUNITION Vtitei Guards Successful in Eastern Section; Sweden ' Is Cautious STOCKHOLM. Jan. 31 Telegraph and telephone communications are broken between Tornea and many oter Finnish points, so that it is ira possible as yet accurately ot follow tbt'eourse of events in Finland. The ; latest, reports .indicate that govern . ment troops are in control of all Finland lying north of line from ; Va:a on the Gulf of Finland through lUapamaki, Jyvaskyla and Saint llichael to KexhoLm. General Majerheim's forces; wfilch .numbered-15,000, now are reported to hare increased to 50,000, mainly by accessions from the peasantry, who; are being armed with rifles ,talen from the Russians. His main force,ia believed to be moving south , ward along the coast toward BJorne- borg, General Majerhefm probably ; Is la possession of the railroad from Haapamakl to Karelen, giving him communication between his main forces in East Bothnia and Karelen. Less ii known of the situation In Eastern' Finland, but the white gaardg are creditably reported to bare captured-artillery as far east t ward as a point between Vlborg and JMrograd. If these-troops hold ieir own. it cuts off the chancer of the red guards receiving further rein forcements f from -Petrograd,' except by way of water. The Swedish government Is watch ' Jr.? events closely; The king has re timed from a trip on which he had etsrted and called a crown council, f ' ips are held in readiness to-rescue "eJ!h subjects if that becomes nec essary. -- -' 'V The Finnish enro7, who has ar rired at Stockholm,; declared that be bad no intention of asking for help from Sweden; The loyal Finni coald , rid the country of. bandits tnalded, he said. - I ALL FINLAND Wow Is Time tohAoid Anything But tlie Best in Shoes 1 Because of the present shortage and high price of leather the market ia being flooded with shoes of inferior ; quality which mean only disappoint- . ment f or the wearer during the rainy season, i. These shoes are being sold to the unsuspecting trade at but lit tle less than standard made shoes. Of course they are advertised as $5.00 ; values reduced to $3.13, but, like a. counterfeit coin" their true value is disclosed after a little tise. THE BEST COST BUT LITTLE MORE. AND ABE FAB CHEAPEB IN THE cxtD because of the service they MAXINE SHOES for Women WHITE HOUSE SHOES for Men , BUSTER BROWN SHOES for Boys and Girls ; The most reliable Shoes made can be purchased at f ' ( ., ,-. ..; ... !.-. .' , f- . s": :- " ' .v ' i Our Store Closes at 5:30 Every Evening Except Saturday ' "' ' - 'SMisBMSSBMBWMMBMMMMMMMMMMMWMMBMisBWWBlSM SIXi KILLED AS HITS PASSENGER Engineer-Applies Emergency Brakes and Makes Escape Uninjured 16 SERIOUSLY INJURED Coach- Jammed Against Sta tion, and Railway Struc I ture Is Wrecked BELLINGHAM, Wash.. Jan. 31. Six persons were killed outright or died of their injuries and sixteen more are in hospitals, seriously In jured, two probably fatally, at Sedro Wooley. 30 miles south of here as the result of 'a runaway Northern Pacific , freight train crashing into a coach of a Great Northern passen ger train which was atanding on the crossing of the two Hnc at Sedro Woolley at 8:30 o'clock tonight. The: dead are C. E Patten of Mc Murray. manager or the Atlas Lum ber i company of Seattle; Henry Thlmpson, Birdsvlew, commissioner of Skagit county; V. V. Sehumaker, Portland, a lecturer; Melvin Be3t, Kent, Wash.; G. C. Tilford, Seattfj, and one unidentified. The two probably fatally Injured are (Robert Nestos, vice president Nestos Timber company, nelling hara; J. E. Powell, S?dro Woolley, merchant. Seriously Injured: D. J. Harrl gan. Northern Pacific conductor.Bel lingham; B. II. Slater and 3. L. Rob inson, i Blake Manufacturing com pany, Seattle: M. Justice, laborer; Herbert W. Smith. Deming, Wash..; D. P.! Pearce, manager Superior Portland Cement sompany. Concrete Wash.;; and his wife and baby; Mrs. Walter Jones, A. H. Rayberger, Se dro ; Woolley; Mrs. P. D. Cooper, Hamilton, Wash.; Robert N Miller, South; Belllngham; Joe Conzamos; George Corey, Northern Pacific brakemen. Pierce is manager cf a cement company. The frieght train, according to Martin Hall, the, engineer, wa ap proaching Sedro Woolley on the long hill north of the town, and because of slippery rail conditions, he was unable to check his train. - Seeing that he could not bring it to a stop, he appljed the emergency brakes, set the .engine in reverse and Jump ed. He.was uninjureu. The train, ,he said, was traveling fContlnued on. naae 8.) give. i THE BROWN SHOE KUWAWAY TRAIN Shoes ! have stood the test for twentyfive years under actual service conditions in Oregon. at 8 Oclock MALKM, 2 TERMS TO BE FILLED AT EECTION Both " Short-Term and Long Term' Senators Must Be Elected by Balloting in Ore gon Next November QUESTION IS PUT UP TO ATTORNEY GENERAL Whether Candidate Can Run for Both Terms Is Not ; Passed.Upon Attorney General Brown, in an opinion for Secretary of State Ol .cott yesterday. holds that United .States senators from Oregon are to be elected for both short- and long terms at the coming election In No vember. The short term senator la to hold from the time he qualifies .after the general election, until iMarch 3, 1919, and, the long term senator will hold for a full six-year term from March 4. 1919. The short term senator will hold for the unexpired term of ' Senator Harry Lane. The attorney general did not pass upon the question, as o whether a candidate for the senate could be a candidate for both the short and tbs long terms at the same-time, saying that was still : to be passed upon when it comes up to him. The attorney general In his opin ion went extensively into the stat utes of tbe Tarlous states on the sub ject, and also Into , the history of Oregon of a parallel Instance whei F. W. Mulkey went to the senate for a similar short term, because of the death of Senator Mitchell. . Ballots must be prepared for both short-term and a long-term candi dates. Assuming that Senator Me Nary is elected, and ; for the Ions term, there would be a hiatus in his period of service prior to- March 4, 1919. ' SOLDIERS' TtlAIL NOW IS ACTIVE Censor Observes Great Change in Tone of Letters Men Write Home . WITH TflE (AMERICAN .ARMY IN FRANCE, Jan. 31. Mall now is being delivered In the American trenches and gun1 pits just as If the men were TJack in billets. Letters for the return mall to the United States are coming out with equal rer-ularity- So, if relatives and friends back hore get letters in mud smeared .envelopes, written on mud smeared paper, thy will know that it is more than likely that these mes sages were pieed together where the American and enemy guns roar intermittently through day and nlght. The mail service has been arrang ed by the army chaplains, who see to it that the incoming letters get; to those to whom they are addressed, and the outgoing mails get to the army postofflce as soon as possible. The army censors say that for the most part, the men now In the trenches write to their mothers. The general -tone of all such letters, which ; indicates the high morale of the men in the line. Is: "Don't wtrry about me; I'm all rlght.i Food is good and I am feel ing fine." The censors say that there has been a remarkable change in some of the letters of the men who, the first time the were In the lino, wrote home: ' "This mar be the last letter yoi receive from me." - Commenting on this, one of the censors said: . "I have not seen a letter like Ihtit for so long that I have forgottea what one looks like." Mayor Has Appendicitis and. May Go to Hospital Mayor Walter E. Keycs suffered a sudden attack of appendicitis yester day. He 1" still at his homo, but It is probable that he will go to a hospital today aad a suVgical opera tion mav be performed. The mayor was unable to preside In his position of exalted ruler at the Klks meeting last night and August Httckestein Sr. was substituted in his place. The mayor has had former attacks of the ailment. f Many American Women , j May Lose Citizenship WASHINGTON. Jan. 3t, The house iminlgratlon committee today tabled the Rankin bill to grant to American women married to foreign ers the right to retain their cltUen shlp. This means the committee will not act on lt: OltKUOX, F1UIIAY MOKMNti, FKIHIUAIIY J, 1918 THIS YEAR WILL DECIDE WAR IS WILSON'S VIEW President Has, Message for Fanners of Nation at Conference FUTURE IS IN BALANCE Culminating Crisis Has Come, He Says, and All Must Lend Aid WASHINGTON, 1 Jan. 31.- In a message to tbe nation's farmers de livered today at an agricultural con ference at Urbana, 111., President Wilson said he thought statesmen on both sides of theffater realized that the culminating IqriBls ot the year had come and tills year's achieve ments would decide It. The message, which the president Intended to present personally until attacked by a cold several days ago. was delivered by President James of the University of Illinois. Recount ing the aggresisons of Germany, the president said: "We are fighting, therefore, as truly for the liberty and self-government of the United States as if the war of our own, revolution had to be fought over again; and every "man in every ' business In the United States must know by1 this time that 'his whole future fortune lies in the balance. , "Our national life and our whole future development will pans under the sinister influences of foreign con trol If we do not win. We. must win. therefore, and we shall win. I nee.i not ask you to pledge your lives and fortunes with those of tbe ret of the nation to the accomplishment of this great end. -i . "You will realize, jas t think states men on both sides of the water re alize, that the culminating crisis of the struggle has come and that the achievements of this year on one side or the other mast determine tbe Issue." The president's message said In part: ..'M-..--k-t..- - "I am not here totell you, for I am sure you realize as keenly as I do that we are, as a nation, in the presence of a great task which de mands supreme sacrifice and endeav of of every one of us. We can give everything that is needed with the greater willingness and even j satis faction, because the object qft. the war we are engaged in is the great est that free men have ever under taken. It is to prevent the life of the world from being determined and tbe fortunes of every one affect ed by small groups of military mas ters who seek their own Interest and selfish dominion ' throughout tbe world . of the governments they un haopily for the moment control. You will not need to be convinced that It was necessary for us as a free people to take part In this war. ' "You will realize as I think states men on both sides of the water real ize that the culminating, crisis of the. struggle has come and that the achievements of this year on the one side or the other must determine tht issue. It has turned out that the forces that fight for freedom, the freedom, of men all over the wor'd. as well tea our own, depend upon us in an extraordinary and unexpected degree for sustenance, for the supply of the materials by which men are to live and fight and ICvriU be our glory when, the war is over that we have supplied - those materials and supplied i them abundantly, and it will be all the more glorious be cause In supplying them we have made our supreme effort and sacri fice." CHICKEN SUPPER AIDS WAR WORK Y. W.CA. Raises $67.50; Commercial Club Lunch eon Served Today The Young Women's Christian as sociation raised I67.SO for its war work campaign fund at a chicken supper held last night at the as sociation rooms. The food was do nated by Salem women. One hund red and thirty-five people were serv ed. There was an abundance of good eats and two hundred; people could have been well taken care oL In order to "Hoovcrlze" and raise further funds for tbe Y. W. C, A. war relief work, a chicken pie lunch eon will, be served today from 12 until 1 o'clock at the Commercial club. The luncheon will be 35c per plate. One of the divisions of the war work ofc the Y. W. C. A. is for nurses. American women ate of fering their strength, health and lire for service "In base hohpitals and under, fire. Upon their care, the life o! the -wounded soldiers depends. Nurses must be kept well and buoy ant to endure the exhausting hard ships and to give the best to the boys, 4 ' : .. AMERICANS AREiKILLED BY GERMANS Huns Slay Two U. S."5oJdiers and Wound Four; Enemy Searches Out Positions and Attacks in Heavy Fog ITALIANS ADVANCE , POSITIONS FURTHER Battle Continues on Asiago Plateau; Finland Revo lution Rages '.WITH THE. AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Wednesday, Jan. 30. An American position on a certain section of the French. front was raid ed during a heavy fog shortly after daylight this - morning. The attack was preceded by a violent ' artillery barrage. Two Americans were killed and four wounded. One soldier is miss ing and is believed to have been cap tured by the enemy Casualties have been occurring al most daily for several days in this sector. It is now permitted to. dis close that all the recent casualties given out from Washington occurred in this sector. The deaths 'were caused by shell fire, mostly shrapnel. WASHINGTON. Jan. 31. In the absence of atfy report from General Pershing, the war department to night was unable to throw any light upon tbe German raid yesterday up on the trenches held' by American forces. ' It would not. be improper. Secre tary Raker said, to deduce from the casualty list the fact that American troops were In possession of a trench Sector and had been "In mili tary contact with the enemy: He emphasized the tfact, however, that it would be most improper to draw the conclusion that their present lo cation in tbe-'allled line is . perma nent, although admitting that any announcement bf Pershing having taken over a' portion of the line would , come from the American ex peditionary headquarters. ? (By The AtnocUited Frr$) On the fighting fronts the rriost important event has been another at tack by the Germans on a small American post In which two Ameri cans were killed and four wounded. Another soldier is believed to have been captured by the enemy. This position on the French front daily has been searched out by shells from the Germans for several days past, but Wednesday mSrnlng. aided by 1 heavy fog and covered by "a violent artillery barrage, the Germans decid ed to attack. It Is believed that the German casualties were greater,' or as great as those of the Americans, whose cannon and rifle fire was played unstlntlngly on marauders. Italians Adtance Positions. Still further gains have been made by tbe Italians against the Austrlans In the northern sector of the Italian battle front on the Asiago plateau. In an attack Wednesday the Italians again were able slightly to advance their front northeast of Col del Rosso. - In France and Belgium the fight ing continues to be carried out main ly by the artillery wings of the bel ligerents, i - ' ; r Paris for the first time since last year has been subjected to a German air raid. Wednesday night a num ber of enemy machines . flew over the French capital dropipng bombs fourteen tone of them, according to the Berlin war office. Considerable material damage was done and some twenty persons were killed and fifty wounded. One of the raiding ma chines was brought down. The peace conference at Brest Litovsk again is in session, but no details of the proceedings Jiave'yet com, through. Bavaria now has a representative 'among the delegate. Reports have it that King Ludwlg of Bavaria is in favor of "security peace." .-: Finland Revolution Rages. : In Finland tbe revolution goes on with' fighting between the .white guard representing the, government, and tbe red guard, the! revolution ists. Unofficial advices comlna through Stockholm report successes everywhere for the white guard. In Russia' the Bolshevik troops invest ing IKev have forced the Ukrainian defenders of the city to capitulate. The losses to British shipping last week by mines or submarines were nine large and six small, vessels, which In the aggregate is seven ves sels more than the losses in each of the" two preceding weeks. , 200 Perish in Alcohol Factory Fire in Russia PETROG41AD. Jan. 30 Two hundred-persons perished In a fire In an alcohol factory at Novo Archan gelck. A crowd of carousers broke into the factory and became trapped in the cellar. Some onj lighted a candle and he alcohol fumes ex ploded, j UNITED STATES TO GIVE SPAIN QUICK ANSWER Shipments Sent Across Fron tier to France Receive Interference AMERICA HOLDS WEAPON Lifting of Embargo May Be Forced; German Leanings Are Blamed WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. Quick retaliatory measures were forecast here tonight as - the answer of the United States and the allies to Spain's interference with the ship ment of goods across her frontier in to France. In fact certain Spanish ships now in American ports ready to said are being held up pending a clearing of the situation, although the war trade board In i formal statement tonight denied that vessels under tbe Spanish ; flag generally were being, kept in port. The American government Is par ticularly concerned In the situation because of large orders placed . In Spain by General Pershing for sup plies for the American army. It holds, too, the chief weapon. to force a lifting of an embargo placed by Spain, since Spain draws heavily oa tbe United States for foodstuffs. Teh war trade board, which is sued exported licenses and licenses for bunker coal. In its statement said: " ' ' v . .! "It is no correct that Spanlch ships are being -generally held up by means of refusing bunkers or otherwise. '. It i expected further clearances will be granted. Each case is dealt with on its own facts, and in a few cases j bunker licenses have been withheld as where a ship. has been loaded in whole or in part with, commodities to which export licenses could not be i allowed under the policy of the -war trade board."- - '- 1 " ' - No comment other than, this state ment was 10 oe naa omciaiiy ai me war trade board offices concerning the 'Spanish situation. Allied offic ials have been given no end ef pet plexlty by Spain. Although not so situated geographically, as to ship supplies readily into - Germany, charges- have been made-that goads from Spanish Morocco bave gone through the 8wiss port of entry in France into Switzerland and thence into Germany. . Charges also have been made that the German spy sys tem has used wireless equipment In Spain to communicate with the cent ral powers. . 4 ' A considerable ".element ! In the Spanish government, it is wel known. is German lit its leanings, i and of ficials in Washington express no hes itation in intimating that this ele ment is In a large measure respon sible for ; the present -trouble. The official reason given for the block ing of General PershTng's orders is said to be that the Spanish railroad system has broken down and that it is impossible to handle roods des tined for France. -:J O; . ' AX ATLANTIC PORT. Jan. 31 r Representatives of the Spanish, line in this city said tonight they had re ceived .no Instructions from Wash ington to .discontinue sailings, of their ships. They declared one ves set was ready to proceed and they expected no difficulty in obtaining clearance papers. It was explained that the departure of another vessel, scheduled to leaVe tomorrow, was postponed because it was not loaded as soon as expected and prospective passengers were notified so. they would not be inconvenienced." Train Kills' Two School Children land Hurts 161 NELSON,- Minn., Jan. 31. Two school children were killed and six-! teen others Injured, three seriously,1 late today when Great Northern pas senger train No. 1, known as the Oriental Limited, crashed into a school bus at a railroad: crossing here. The driver said he supposed the train bad passed and did- not see it until he waa, 0B the rcka- California Looks to ; . Fixed Price of Sugar SAN TTTANCISCO, Jajill Si. In vestigation Into the cost of produc ing sugar' beets in California, with a view to fixing a fair price to the grower forth 191S crop-will ba started In Los Angeles, probably-next week, by the newly appointed federal beet sugar commission. It was an nounced' here tonight by ; Ralph P. Merlrtt, food commissioner of ;.the state. ' Sugar beet producers have charged that tife refiners have) refused to guarantee a fair price-for their prod uct, while the refiners have alleged the : contrary. -'i "-:f ' fit ; - -:! ; The plan' which has, been adopted to solve the beet sugar questlon.-.U was said, was suggested to Mr. IIoSjv er by Sir. Merrttt last December. I muck nvr. cent: 700,000 Men and Women Quit Work; in Berlin and . Great Shipyard City, Kiel, ' Faces Grave Situation ; Workers Tired of War HAMBURG DECLARED IN STATE OF SIEGE Strikes Turn Into Hunger Demonstrations Llilitary Threat Angers Socialist Leaders Arrested ' LONDON, Jan. 31. The broad features of the news filtering lit to day from Berlin are, first, that the -strike movement undoubtedly Is ex tending, and second, that the Ger man authorities' are endeavoring t minimize Its Importance. . Thus far there has been no news regarding the decision of MiaUter of the Interior Wallraf at his confer ence -with General von Stein, com mander of the home forces, as to what attitude the government will adopt. - Reuter's Amsterdam correspond ent says in a telegram dated Thurs day thatthe strike obviously repre sents the situation In tbe least som ber light. The German scml-ofri-clal news agency says the trouble 1j stationary and thftt no disturbaaccs occurred Wednesday, that police In tervention was needless, and that work was partly resumed In several manufactories of greater Berlin, but . that in other quarters operation still were suspended. In the upper ; Sileslan Industrial region according to this news agency tbe strike has gained virtually no ground, and It adds that news from the iron and -steel districts of ttio Rhlneland and Westphalia also .i reassuring. In Spandau work Is .n full swing in most of the government workshops, the news agency con cludes, the trades unions refusing to have anything to do with the strike. -Hanger , Demonstrations Held; . A dispatch to the Associated Prer.v from Stockholm says the German strikes are largely due to the scarc ity of food, quoting the Svenska Da? bladet's Berlin correspondent. Thi correspondent asserts that the peo ple are indignant orer the exporta tion of flour to Austria, and also over profiteering and the Illegal pro curing of foodstuffs, which flour ishes despite the utmost efforts, of the authorities. The strike In Hamburg and Kiel -have resolved themselves into hung er demonstrations. The extent nf the food profiteering in Berlin alonH is Illustrated by "the report In the Berliner Tageblatt that fines Im posed in the Moablt criminal court in one day exceeded 100,000 mark.. According to a Berlin report-re- ' celved through Copenhagen. Social ist leaders from all over Germany have been summoned to Berlin for a discussion of Important home and foreign political problems. '. Among items of news tecelved to day are that the strike has now spread to -'Munch. Bavaria, where the big Mauser 'armament works an instituted and that some of the print ing works engaged in the newspaper, trade In Berlain hare struck; (By The A$ocUtt'd Prc)," ' ' The strikes in Germany apparently are growing in magnitude. In Ber lin alone, according to press dl -, patches- reaclhng nentral countri? from Germany. 700.000 men an t women have ceased'work. while In Kiel, In towns alonjr "the Rhine, in the Westphallan coal regions, and other districts in the empire. Includ ing Bavaria, the situation Is serlou. . It Is asserted that martial law ha been declared ia Hamburg and other centers, and that in Hamburg th military commander has ordered a cessation of the strike and given lh added order ttat further dempnslra- -tlons be avoided. ; Additional SocialUt leader In va rious German towns have been r- tested because of their. activities , In fomenting strikes or by; reason r" their hostile attitude toward th pot;. Icy of thf militaristic elements wit'i regard to peace and franchise re forms. Nume'i.us Industries ne-"ary the prosecution of tho war l.av headquarter; In towns where strive are la progress. Notable among thcfe Indurfrlo. are the great shipbuilding vtd t Kiel, -the -military airplane' and bal loon plants at Adlersb'nf, the prr arsenas and ammunition works t ... Fpandatt and the great coal an IroV (Continued ca r: 2) . ' x ? 1?