! t i WW mm 4 -ft -i TWO SECTIONS 12 PAGES J tIXTV-SKVKXTH.YKAlt .NO. 2j: j HAUI, OUWiOX, SLW'DAY 3IOKXIXG, JAMAItV 27, 1918 PRICE .VIVE CEXTS. FIRST SECTION 8 Pages' , mmm FIRES BURN WAR PLANTS LOSS HUGE .Destruction in Shipyards at ' Newark, N. J., and Baltf " more Few Hours Apart . Aggregates $2,000,000 PLOT TO HURT WAR ACTIVITIES INDICATED Flames Discovered on Muni tions Ship Put Out - Guards Strengthened - . NEW YORK; Jan. 26. -Indications i of a widespread plot to cripple the war activities of the United Stale were seen today In a series of fires iti- shipyards,' on munition ships, in ' war plants 'and storage buildings at i various points along the Atlantic sea board and farther .' inland. Nearly all of them wer j of distinctly su spicious origin. , ' -w',,- ears that the flames nay havo been set by enemy aliens vere given strength .by the fact that they start . ed within a few. hour at widely sep arated points almost a week to a day after Edward N. Hurley, chali nan of the United States shipping boar!. declared that the government ' had . been given Authoritative -warning of .a uerman pioi to appiy ine tourcn to plants of a kinds, especlay ship yards, which are producing imple ments oT war. ' - ' Mr. Hurley ordered the trebling of soldier and police: guards at -all war pants ijind, In sdme cases this pre caution resulted in preventing veu , more serious 16sses. It was announ ced from Washington today that tnis - warning ' was issued because of ."crank letter' had not been properly investigated, put government agents in various parts of the country were inclined to believe that it was well found. Guards were again strength tied to make even more difficult tho depredations of German agents. Disastrous fires started ml a, few hoars apart in shipyards at Newark, X. J. and, Baltimore. The losses will fgregate 12.000,000. ' ; Fires were discovered on loaded munition ships at two Atlantic ports today, but they were extinguished h f4re serious damage had been, done. 'FFICIALS ANMICE TTVW W W mm- J. V ., BE IS FORMED OF RRY JUICE FIRMS Pheasant Fruit Juice Compan y and Northwest Fruit Prod i ucts Company . Combine to Take Over Production and j Marketing of Output oi Wi de Territory Officers Elect ed and Articles Are FUed Capitalization Is $400,000 Continued on pae 6.1 Announcement was made yesterday of the consolidation of the Pheasant Fruit Juice company, of Salem and the North ws Fruit: Products company of Salem and Olympia, Wash- Articles f incorporation were filed in the office of State Corporation Com missioner Schulderman and show a capitalization of $400,000. Gen eral offices are to be located in Salem. j (The new company takes over the production and the market ing oi practically the entire loganberry juice industry of the Pacific northwest, and will be known as the Pheasant Northwest Products company., t Both the original companies have ! placed thir markets nig aiMi auverxismg. into me nanus oi me new corporation, aituougn trie parent, companiss control the entire management of the new it j S ' . m . s i A company uirougn tnc election or tne following omeers: j President, It. S. Gile; vice president, Frank-T. Schmidt; sec retary, Frederick AV. Schmidt ; assistant secretary, J. A. Wilson ; treasurer, VYV T. Jenks; general sales manager, O. L.-Ferris. t .The consolidation of. the two; bijgj companies is probably the most important deal lever effecteU iu Salem- Its significance is shown in the authoritative statement that in 1917 the total sales of all loganberry juice companies in the field was in excess of $1,000, 000 and that at least 90 per cent' of this amount of moiieyresulted from sales made outside the Pacific northwest. ! 1 Is noon to Willamette v alley. - PACKERS HAD CLOSEST EYE ON CONGRESS Five Big Firms Financed In spired Flood of Telegrams Opposing Borland Resolu tion Js Testimony AD VANCE INFORMATION RECEIVED ON ACTION ) :H S. Gile, president of the new company, commenting on the deal, said: "The consolidation" means much more to the Willamette valley than appears on the surface. While last year there were only about 2,000 acres W loganberry, vines' in the whole state, I look to see this acre-, age more than doubledn .1HJ8. We have outstanding contracts with many growers.-and others will soon see that to plant loganberry vine yard wilt yield .them a much larger return in dollars and. cents than any other fruit, or-al most any other kind of, crop that can be oWained from the soil of the Willamette valley. which is particularly adapted to the growing of loganberries. The cul ture of loganberries staTted In Call fornia, but the berries thtre are not a good commercially as the berry grown in Oregon, and for that rea son the berries of, California, have not made the nice pes that ours have made and probably never will. WAR DECLARED ON KALEPINES BY COSSACKS Newly Formed Congress Pass es Resolution by Unani . . moa Vote ' Defeat of Congressman Who Fought for Investigation to Be Bared FACTS MADE PDBL RELAIP'T0:;0MR lADEDR, W.J.EERR Capital Journal Refuses to Publish Statement Showing Recommendations, of Spec! al Committee and Proof That ) Presidency of Kansas Stat e Agricultural College Re- . mains Unfilled Faculty Member Defends His Chief Through- a statement issued by Profejor Elwin T. Reed, editor of bulletins at Oregon; Agricultural college. Tire Statesman today publishes the facts relative to , proffers made to IVesijdent W. J. Kerr to accept the presidency of Kansas State Agricultural college. The statement shows that, acting upon the recommendation of a specially appointed committee. The boardfof administration of the Kansas institution called Dr. Kerr into conference, he having been recommended to the board as a man who stood "head and shoulders above the other men at this convention.'' To say nothing of statements made subsequent to the eonfererice that the bosition had WASHINGTON; Jan. 26. -Contl- 0ffered to Dr. Kerr, the fact stands that no man has yet been .1J nnnrto An ihn atttt11 Of ' ....... . . ... . ... . v V..v fill , nnvitin l.nl.l ..V-i H I I... nntinrm F nTn towi?d legislation fo flf.cted to fill the position now held temporarily by an acti ry into the livestock and fieiai. - - t ' .- industry ; "taken from -.' the (Professor Reed," a week agooffered his statement to Tin (Continued on page 2) El CAGGERMTON is the foundation upon which many stores are trying to build up their business. ' ' I imag fmk inary From Fictitious Reductions Values constitutes at least ninety per weni of present day adver tising... . : 1 ; i It is an everyday occurence to see such statements as "t3J00 values for $2:19 " whenn investigation will prove that the' article was made to retail at $2.00 at most and is $ poor value at that price. j ANY MERCHANT WHO WILL MISREPRESENT IN HIS AVERTISINO WILL MISREPRESENT IN HIS STORE- . - I.;-;r.; Merchants often seek to defend such practices by say ing that they are compelled to resort to such means on ac count of the action of their competitors. ' We believe that a majority of the fair minded people in every community appreciate the advantages of a strictly one-price store where profits are figured on the spot cash basis and where there is only ONE PRICE FOR EVERY BODY. Present market conditions have tempted many mer chants to buy inferior goods to keep the prices down, but there is a point in the downgrade of prices below which cheapness ceases to be economy. f Reliable merchandise has always been considered of su preme importance in our buying and OUR LOW PRICES ARE THE RESULT ,OF ECONOMICAL BUSINESS METH ODS AND THE FACT THAT WE ARE SATISFIED WITH SEASONABLE PROFITS AND HAVE NO LOSSES FROM "BAD ACCOUNTS." - V Our, store closes at ft:30 every evening except o'clock. . , . . - , , . Saturday 18 OFFICERS ARRESTED Cossacks Fired With Enthus iasm Bolsheviki Issues Statement PETROGRAD. Jan. 25. An offi cial, statement issued today by the ilolshev'.ki government aaya that on Wednesday the congress of Con- sacks from the front waa.inaugurat ed at the inilitary station of Kam- ;nky and paesel unaulmoucly a res olution declaring war on General Ka led ineti and relegating all author - , ii mM T nil n n n n i rnrnpv . t nr tiia The cfficial statement which MKackerg alone in the office when he to 'the sera out by .wireless addressed all' and under the caption of revolution on the Don' begins: On Wednesday at the military station of Kamensky a ernsress of Cossacks van inaugurated. "Representatives were , present from 121 regiments, five batteries and two reserve regiments. There were present also at the congress all of the participants in the conference i of laboring Cossack Dom which was instituted at Voronezh on January 19. General ; Kaledines gave, orders for the dispersal of, the congress and the rest of the organircrs: The con gress unanimously passed a resolu tion declaring war upon Kaledines and relegating to itself all authority on the Don. r A military revolution committee wa.elH-ted and detach ments have been sent out for the purpose of rapturing the stations of Likhat nd Zvbrro, , Eighteen offi ce a of superiour rank of the mili tary hare, teen, arrested. , "Puring th operations fcr th cap ture df the military statljn at Zver o, the divisional staff, headed by Colonel Mikahaloff, fledr and after denouncing , the failure of the- at tempt to arrest the general staff and the finding of the note at headquar ter of General Kaledines telling the railway's had. been placed under spe cial control, i the statement contin ues . . N "On the following day a noUbteJ metting, took place at Kam?nky. The Cossacks are fired with enthus iasm and are striving to arrest Kale dines with their own bands. The array of the revolution, tbo army of the workmen's and peasants and of the, government's of the peoples commissaries. Is greeting awakening Cossack : Dom and redouble- Its en ergy with the object of destroying bourgeoise Russia on the Don and in leading to victory -the great rev olution." The statenient: 10 signed by "An tdoo(f People's commissary"' (assis tant minister of war here.) dential - reports congrcssm an inquiry packing secret files of big packing concerns. were read today into Ihe records of the federal trade jcommission's m packing investigation- In addition to the continued re cital of the efforts made by the packers to forestall affirmative- ac tion by congress in 1916 on the Bor land resolution for an 'nquiry, the com mission" was given "further inai cation of the ramifications of the packers' financial control, which was said by Francis J. Heney, special counsel, to extend to the street 'rail way lines of Kansas City, to. banks throughout the country and to the tin industry. Mr. Heney said fur then evidence along this line would be offered next week. Politics To Be Showp. ' Alleged political retribution visit. ed on congressmen inimical to thei packers' interests, will he one of the major subjects taken up next week. according to Mr. Heney, who an nounced that he . would .offer evi dence designed to show that one rep resentative was defeated with the aid of the packers after he made a fight for an investigation of their business. "Insidious methods of endeavoring to Influence congressmen through business for their law firms and by appealing to their political welfare will be developed, Mr. Heney told the commission. After it had been dis closed today that In 1914 R. C. Me Manus of counsel for T3wift and com pany, made a report. to the company giving, a-resume of a complaint filed with the commission and which was confidential tinder the commission's rule, notices were posted in the corn- mission building that hereafter pas tes from heads o' department wiii he required for all persons, even, eni ployes, srho enter the building out side of working hours. When the McManus report was- received Mr. Heney protested the practice of leav ing the office doors unlocked . of fered a chance for "unfortunate" happenings and said he bad several. times found an attorney for the ital. Journal for publication. It has not appeared in that news lTo a-t f hoi f llA aHiv T P a "Tsxivwmal -uroto o 4v a. V c j, a v a.iacsi . v . uitvt va m. in v vui iiai n auia KIT v in one siae oi tne casei air. iteea bsks. The Cap- Professor Reed has used his own initiative in. making his state ment public- He says that if it were known to Dr. Kerr or to any one in immediate touch With him that he is giving the statement to the newspaper it would be ordered withheld. Thishe declares, ; is because of President Kerr's scrupulous sense of professional honor and his willingness to take abuse himself rather than embarass the' people who, could make his case absolutely clear to the public, if he felt justified in using their assistance; . T AUSTRIA TRYING SEPARATE PEACE WITH RUSSIANS Negotiations at Brest-Utorsk to Be Resumed, Report ' v Is Current EARLY PEACE DMAT,DED returned there, It appeared from the evidence to day that the packers received ad vanced information of a postpone ment of action on the Borland reso lution -by the house judiciary sub committee. (Continued on Page U) BOMB PROOFS ARE 1VRECKED AND 10 KILLED Ending of War Before Spring Urged by German Social ist Leader v Seven Others Injured; Ten Are Buried Beneath Hary ' Structures EXPLOSION IS ACCIDENT (fany Employes Away During Noon Hour; HeavyLoss , of Life Averted Willamette 4U' Beats r University of Oregon liltJG ENE. Or.. Jan. 26. In a hard fought basketball name here tonight Willamette University of Salem de feated, toe, University of Oregon five by a score of 27 to 19. NEWPORT, R I.; Jan. 26. Three bomb proofs at the, naval torpedo station .here .were wrecked lat to day by an explosion of fulminate of mercury, killing at least ten civilian employes and In luring seven others, one probably fatally. Ten others were buried .in the rtUns of , the heavily concreted structures and lit tle hope was exjVessed that many of them would he removed .alive. Captain Edward L. Beach, command ant of the station, said none of the survivors was able to give an account of wat had.happened but there was no Hbt. he; asserted, that -the ex plosion wi accidental. Late tonight a rescue party heard voices inthe ruins of ;JCo. 1 .bomb proof, one of the wrecked structures. A pipe was sank to' the spot and It (Bff The Associated Prt$) Peace advocates are again Insistent In the central empires, hard upon tho German chancellor's nevf, declaration of Germany's warlike purposes. A report Is current that the BolsheviUJ have decided to continue the Brest itovsk. peace negotiations tnd anoth er, quite unvemiea, mat Austria, is prepared to make a separate peace with Russia. ' . In Germany, Phlllpp Scheldemann, the oeiallst leader, in his remarks following Chancellor von Hertllng's speech pleaded for peace before spring. . Regarding Russia, Scheldemann is sued & warning that the military leaders of the imperial government would be deposed if they did not bring about peace with her. He insisted that there was ground for a general peace on the basis of the program laid, down by President Wilson on eleven points o which an agreement was easily possible. He was an uncompromising ae Chancel lor von Hertling, however, as regards Alsace-Lorraine, declaring this ter ritory must remain German. Scheidemann's words comprise perhaps the most radical utterance that has yet ''come from the majority of moderate Socialists in the reich stag. ' Foreign press comment on the speech of Chancellor von Hertling, however, points out that there is as yet no sign of acknowledgement on the part'of the German government of any responsibility to parliament tttat to all appearances the military party is still In full control. Tho Bolsheviki report an organi zation of Cossacks from the front into a congress which has .declared war on General ' Kaledines, ' driven him and his staff from their bead quarters and announces its purpoaa of hunting htm down. " In the military situation there have been no developments of note. Ar tillery duels at Isolated points, ot rasional raids and plentiful air plane reconnoitering are reported. ' Mrs. Tilaria Thomas Dies at Home of .Her Daughter TURNER. : Or. Jan. 26. Mts. Thomas, 80 years old, dirt today at the home' of her dnaghter, Mrs. F.A Wood; near here. The fa-njeral will be held at the home Monday at 12 o'clock. Rev. Mr. Mikey conducting, the services. ' Interment will be In City View cemetery.' Balem,' aboui. 2 Kansaa Publication Oted. Mr. Reed showed The Statesman a copy of the Kansas Industrialist of port of the authorization of appoint raent of the Kansas college alumni committee by Mrs. Calvin, as sug gested by the board of adlmnlstra tion, and A copy of the Issue of Jan- vary 9, 1918, reporting the appoint ment of Dean Willard as acting pres ie'ent. Jn the comment of the ap pointment of the senior member of the faculty as acting president, the Industrialist makes the' statement that, "For a number of years he wa director of the station, and is ao vice-director." Mr. Reed la convinced, be sayr, from every direct evidence that has cO me from the Washington convec tion and from Kansas hat Presi dent Kerr was the one man that the Kansas college community desired to have as the successor to Dr. Waters. He was Dr. Waters' own choice; the choice of the. college people as ex pressed .in the college paper ; he was given more attention in the Kansaa papers than all the other men that were considered for the positioa. " Boards Imputation Shady. . "All this slander of President Kerr by a few newspapers' of Oregon'Recd declares "Is based on one or two newspaper stories in 'Whch he de nies that President Kerr was offered the Kansas position. That he should repudiate the advances .made to President Kerr, even to the extent of denying that the board had ever considered him for the position. In spite of the fact that the committee of alumni, appointed , at his sugges tion, made in the presence of his fellow board members, nad officially circulated score cards at the conven tion, with PresidenfKerr's name at the header the list, is quite consist ent with certain other events in th history of this board. A political board, drawing a salary of 13500' for each member, it has bad I loch &f its guiding spirit since Its organiza tion, and this is not the first time Jt Lb as sacrificed an educator in the in terest of politics. In 1913 It out i aged the educational world of the Middle West by discharging ruthless ly without warning and without evi dence of cause, the president of tha great Emporia Normal school, with t-everal members of the faculty.' These are facts. Reed claims, that the public of Oregon ought to know as well as the people of Kansas. This is his Justification for- giving them out; and since he learned them from other sources than the O..A. C. board of regents or President Kerr, be feeis that he is not compromising them by making the facts known. Reed Takes Initiative. ' ' ' Accompanying t- Professor . Reed's statement as mailed to The Capita Jorunal was the following, letter, to the editor :.' I - ' - "Mr. Charles H. Fisher, Editor Capitol Journal, v w'Salem, Oregon. 1 ' "Dear Sir;,,! am sending you the enclosed letter for publication In the Journal in the interest of whae seems to me fair play. I have a conviction that President Kerr, through: Van over-sensitive regard for professional courtesy and personal confidences U allowing himself to be needlessly abused. If It were known to him, or anyone in immediate touch with him. that I am sending this , letter, it would be ordered . withheld. "I believe, however, that 1 have some rlrjiis as an Individual and a fhrmer as well as. in .my capacity of editor of the bulletins of this institu tion. - ,.: ; -. -s.-: .; . , . . . "I am therefore asking' you that you print the letter, which Is an honest expression of -what I belie e to be the 'true situation, from) my reading of tne papers and my con- Mft Monday and . Wednesday Wheatless, One Whcatle:; Meal Every Day Ordered , by Food Administration and Proclamation rJCf TTT4Tf rfi Tf np -wUiuuiiiriiuii iu DL REDUCED 30 PEIt CENT Victory Bread" Adfbted readers only oyitcm in bitect Tomorrow Stop' Waste Is Appeal Compulsion Held in Reserve Chief Features of Nevr"Fool Hytem in Effect Tomorrow.' Baker's bread of mixed flours, with substitption of other cereals for wheat until 20 per cent substitution Is reached. , Sale of equal amount cf sub 'stitute flour for every pound ;o -wheat flour. Sale of only 70 per' cent of tmount of wheat flour, sold last ! . year. " ;. '. ' Two wheatless' days a week Monday and Wednesday i and one wheatless meal each "day. '..-. I - One meatless day a week Tuesdayand one meatless meal a day. - Manufacturers asked to use substitute flours. Wheat millers required to produce one barrel of flour of, 196 pounds from 2M pounds ,of wheat making 74 per cent flour, v ' '. " ' " Hotels and restaurants re quired to serve new victory bread. ' , (Continued onPage 7j WASHINGTON. Jan. 26. Tho American people will go en a war bread diet Monday as a $art of a war rationing -system prescribed to night by President Wilson and the food" administration. "Victory bread," the food administration calls it. ' . The reduced rations are asked for the purpose of creating a larger ex port surplus of if ood for, the allie3. Curtailment of consumption will be accomplished largely through volun tary effort, butferce will be em ployed ; wherever permitted, 'under the-food rontrol act. , ; . The rationing sj stem, as presented by the president in a proclamation and hy Food Administrator Hoover In a list, of regulations, forms the food administration's 191 food-conservation program, of which tho chief features are; , Xew Orders Given. .... A baker's" bread of mixed flours. beginning Monday with -a five per cent substitution of other cereals for wheat until a 20 per cent tustitu tldn Is reached February 24. . Sale by jretallers to householdera ?f an equal amount of substitute lours for very pound "of wheat flour - purchased at the time tho wheat flour is purchased. Sale by miller to .wholesalers and wholesalers to' retailers of only 70 per cent of the amount of wheat flour sold. last year. ' : i u Two wheatless days a week Mon day and Wednesday and one wheat less meal a day. . i, One meatless day a week Tuf dav inrl on meatmen m(-a1 a Asv. Two pArkless days a week Tues day and. Saturday. , Manufacturers' of macaroni, spa ghetti. iioodleir -crackers and break fast foods, pie, cake and pastry will be: permitted to bur only seventy per" cent of their last year's purrha3- es and are asked to perform a pa triotic 'service by using substitute flour. . -' k- " i FlourlwlU be sold through the reg ular channels and in s:i--h a manner kthat each community will receive !t3 equivalent share. . The food 'administration will pur chase for the army and for the allies, as announced recently, thirty per cent of the flour output and out of his Mors will fill emergency require ments If stocks run low In any part or the country. ,r ' Victory UHrend to Be Served. Wheat miliars are rcfpilrcd to pr--duce, ,on barrl of riour of 196 pounds from . 264 jonnd of wheat, which represents a 74 pr cent flo'i?. No patent or special flours to in? manufactured although whole wheat flour mar be made as usual. t Hotels and. restaufanta will bj''