Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 26, 1918)
Restoration of Alsace-Lorraine
Held Beyond Realms
BELGIUM CRIME EVADED
Agreement With President
Wilson's Terms Found
' . '. on Four Points)
(Continued from page 1)
us. The French ' republic drew on
it, last man for three years of sen
ice. Thus France, with HussiS. buil.
up armaments extending to the limit
of the capabilities of both, thereby
pursuing aim? which our enemies
.term imperialistic, ,
Danger Karljr Keen.
"It would have been a neglect of
duty had Germany remained a calm
spectator of this game and had we
not also endeavored to create an
armament which ! would protect ' us
against future enemies. I may, per
haps, recall that I, as a member of
the rclehstag, very frequently spoke
'on these matters and, on theoccasion
of new expenditure on armament
I pointed out that the German people,
in consenting to these, .solely desired
to pursue a policy of peaco, and such
armaments were only Imposed upon
ns, to ward off the danger threaten
ing from a possible enemy.
. "And " Alsace-Lorraine, of which
Lloyd George speaks again. He
pea kit of the i wrong Germany did
In 1871 to France. ... Alsace-Lorraine
-j-oii need not be told, but abroad
they appear still to be ignorant of
things Alsace-Lorraine -, eompose'ii,
as is known, for the most, part, pre
iy 'German regions, which, by a cen
tury long of long of violence and
illegality, were severed from the Ger
man empire, and untl! finally. In
1779, the French revolution swal
lowed, up' the last remnant, Alsace
and Lorraine then became French
"When, in the war of 1870. wi
demanded back the districts which
5 had been criminally wrested from us,
that was not a conquest of foreign
territory, but, rightly and properly
speaking, what today Is called dl:
annexation, and , this dlftanoexatton
was. then expreisl Tecognlzed by
the. French national assembly, the
constitutional representative of the
French people at that time, March
29, ,171, by a large majority of
Wilson's Terms Answered.
"f now' come to President Wilson.
Here, too, I recognize that the tone'
appears to have changed. The unan
imous rejection Jf Mr. Wilson's at
tempt In reply to the pope's note, to
sow discord, between the German
y government and the German people
has had Its effect,
"I shall not enlarge upon the dis
torted representation of German ool
iy which -Is contained in Mr. WIU
son's message, but will deal In de
tail with the points which Mr, Wil
son lays Sown there, not lets than
fourteen, points, la which he formu
lates his peace program,
" roapert the demand that them
shall be no more secret International
agreements. , History shows that we,
above all others, would be able to
agree to the publicity of diplomatic
documents. The - negotiations as
itrcst-Lltovslc are being conducted
with full .publicity. This proves that
we are ; quite ready to accept this
proposal and declare publicity of ne
gotiations to be a general political
Freedom of Shipping FntoredV
"In his second point Mr Wilson
demands freedom of shipning on the
seas in war and peace. ;Th hf also is
demanded' by Germany as fhe first
and one of the most Important rc
oiilrements for the future. Thero
fore,' there Is here no difference of
opinion. The limitation Introduced
by Mi8, Wilson at the end, which T
need not quote textually, is not In
telligible, appears superfluous and
would, therefore, best be left out.
The limiting clause reads: Except
as the seas may be closed. In while
or fn part, by International action
The talkative demonstrator
Z ARELLI & ELVA
Novelty Singing, Talking and Acrobatic
Comedy ' '
COMPLETE NEW PICTURE (PROGRAM
Charlie Chaplin . Sunday, Jlia
for the enforcement of international
' would, however, be highly im
portant for the freedom of shipping
in. future if strongly fortified naval
base on important international
routes, Mich a England has at Gib
raltar, Malta. Aden, liaiikgcng.. tn
I'alMand Island and many otht r
plac-s, were removed, j,
i;'4.iiini' Wiir onlemiic1.
Toint three;. We, too, are in
thorough -accord with tho icmoval of
economi' barrier. which interfere
with trade in superfluous inaner. W
ton, condemn 'economic war. wliifh
would inevitably hi-ar within it
causo . of future warlike onilplH'a
tions. Point four: Limitation of arma
ment. As already declared, by 11 .
h ida of limitation of armaments
is entirely discussable. The financial
xisition of all European slates after
Ihe war might most- effectively pro
mote a satisfactory solution. (Vie.
of -'Hear! Hear!'. It is therefore
clear that an understanding might !
reached without diff lenity, on th
first foni points of Mr. Wilson's pro
gram. "Jjnow come to the fifth point:
Settlement of all colonial claims and
disputes. Practical realization of
Mr. Wilson 'h principles on ihe realm
of reality will encounter some dif
ficulties in any case. I believe that,
for the present it may be left for
England, which has the greatest col
onial empire, to make what she will
of this proposal of her ally. This
point of the program alxo will -have
to be discussed in due time on the
reconstruction of the world's colon
ial possessions, which we also de
llelgian Question Inferred.
"Point six. Evacuation of Rus
sian territory. Now that the entente
has refused within the period agreed j
upon by Russia anu me nuaurupi
alllace to join In the negotiations. I
must! in the name of the latter, de
cline to allow -any 'subsequent inter
ference. We are dealing here with
questions 'which concern only Russia
and the four allied powers. I adhere
to hope that witli recognition of self
determination 'for the peoples on tb?
western frontier of the former Rug;
"slan empire good relations will be
established, both with these peoples
and with the rest bf Russia, for
return of order, peace and conditions
guaranteeing the" welfare of th
"Point seven: Belgium. My pred
ecessors In office repeatedly declar
ed that at no time did the annexa
tion of Belgium by Germany form a
part of the program of German pol
icy. iThe Belgian question belongs
to those questions the detail of
which are to be settled by negotia
tion at .the peace conference."
, So long as our opponents have not
unreservedly taken the standpoint
that the integrity of the allies' terri
tory can offer the only possible basis
of pence discussion, I must adhera
to the standpoint hitherto always
adopted and refuse the removal in
advance of the Belgium affair from
the entire discussion.
. J Fvncuatloii Is Itefuseel,
"Point eight: The occupied parts
of France are a valuable pawn In our
hands. Here, too, forcible annexa
tion forms no part of the official
German policy. The conditions and
methods' of procedure of the evacua
tion, jwhlch must take account of
German's vital Interest, are .to be
agreed upon between Germany and
France, I can only again expressly
accentuate the fact that there can
neveri be. a question of dismember
ment! of imperial territory. Under
no fine phrases of any kind .shall
we permit the enemy again to take
from us territory of the emplr
which with ever-Increasing Intimacy
has linked Itself to Germanism,
which has in highly gratifying man
ner ever increasingly developed In
an economic respect, and of whos j
people more than 87 per cent speak
the German mother tongue,
"The question, dealt with by Mr.
Wilson' under points 9, 1U and I !
touch, both the Italian frontier ques
tion and question of the future de
velopment of the Austro-llunggrlan
monarchy and the future-of the Bal
kan states; questions In which, for
the greater part, the interests of our
ally, Ausrta-Hungary, preponderate.
"Where German Interests are con
cerned we shall defend them root
energetically. But I may leave tha,
answer to Mr. Wilson's proposals on
these; points in the first place ta th
Austro-Hungarian foreign minister.
Closes contact with the allied dual
monarchy forms the kernel of our
present policy, and must be the guid
ing line in the future.- Ioyal com
radeship In arms which has stood
the test so brilliantly in war time,
must continue to have Its effect in
peace. We shall thus on our part do
everything for the attainment of
peace by Austria-Hungary which
lakes Into account her Just claims.
"The matters touched.'- upon by
Mr. Wilson in point 12 concern our
loyal -and brave ally, Turkey.! must
tn no wise forestall her statesmen in
their attitude.. The integrity of Tur
key and the safeguarding or her cap
itol, wWeni-fct-eMinr-ctetir closely with
the questjfli of the y. raits. uro im
nr.ii.int :inl Vital interests of 1h;v
German empire, also. Our ally ewi j
always r'twint jipon ,tmr energetic
suppot'l in. this matter." j
"Point l.'i deals with Poland. t J
was not the entente- which bad on-',
Iv eniDfv words for Poland anil
i fore the war never interceded for 1
'Poland with Russia- but the Ger -
j man emiire and the Atistrn-HtinKar-
! Ian monarchy who liheiated Poland
from the czaristic regime which was j
crushing her national characterise J
Irs. It may thus le left to Germany i
and Austria-Hungary -and Poland oj
come to an agreement-on the future j
con.tit.tion f tins country. As tu.
negotiations ami communications of I
the last year prove,' we are on the I
road to this goal.
llml of Xationx Faorel.
"The last point, tho 14th, deal
with a bond of nations.
Regarding this point I am sym-.
questions have beeh settled to begin
the examination ofrthe basis of su -h
a bond, of nations.L:
"nentlemcn. yoit' have acquainted
yourselves with the speech of Prem
ier Lloyd George and the proposal
of President Wilson. I must repeat
what I said at eommencment: We
now must ak ; ourselves whether
these speeches and proposals breathe
a real and earnest wish for peac.
They ,eejitalnly contain principles for
a general world peace, to which wa;t
also assent, and which might form j
the starting point and aid negotla-,
lions. v. . - ' i
Ieslre -Not Seen.
"When, however, concrete quest
Ions come into the-quest iom, points
which for we allies-, are "of decisive
Inipot-tance, their peace will is le&s
observable. Our enemies do not d
sire to destroy Germany, but th. y
cast coveteous eyes on parts of olir
allfees lands. They speak with re
spect of Germany's position but their
conception, ever atresh, finds ejxpre
sion as if we were the" guilty who
kmust do penance and promise lin-
ptovement. Thus speaks the victor
to the vanquished; she who Inteft.
rets oil our former expressions of n
teadlness for peace as , merely a
sign of weakness,
"The leaders of the entente muist
first renounce this standpoint and
this deception, i In order to facili
tate this I would tike to tecall what
the position really Is. . They may
take it from me that our'tnJlitary po
rition was not so favorable as It now
Is. Our highly glfted..army leaders
face the future with ondlmlntsned
confidence In victory. Throughout
Mho whole army, in the officers ahd
the men, lives unbroken the Joy of
. "I wilt remind you of the words 1
tpoke ovember ' M in tho rekhsta.
Our repeatedly expressed wllllngni.s
for peace and the spirit of reconcil
iation revealed by oyr proposals
must not be regarded by the entente
as a lifense permitting the Indefi
nite lengthening ot the war. Should
our enemies force up to prolong th
war, they will have to bar the eon
tequene'ea resulting from It.
"If the leaders of the ctaroy pow
er really are inclined toward peace,
let them revise their program once
again, or as Premier Lloyd George
haid, proceed to reconsideration."
Fat tier la ml In Atxit AIL
"If 'they do- that and tome for
ward with fresh proposal, then we
will examine them carefully because
our aim is no other than the re
establlshment of a lasting genera!
peace. But this lasting general peace
Is not possible so long as the integ
rity of the German empire 'and t be
security of her vital inte rests and
the dignity of our fatherland tu-e
not guaranteed. ! Until thai time, we
must quietly stand by eac-t other and
"As to or purpose, gentlemen, wc
are an ne. ( lxud cheetingj.
-itegaramg methods and 'moral
ities, there may be difference uf
c pinion, but let us shelvn all those
muerenees. Let us not fig.ht about
iormulas, which always fa4U short
in the mad course, of world) event.,
but above the dividing line of party
controversies let ut- keep out eyes on
one mutual aim th welfare of the
"Let us ho)d together the govern
ment and the nation, and victory
will be ours. A good peace will and
"od Is With fn."
"The German nation Tuars tn an
i'dmlrable manner the sufff-rings ami
the burdens of a war which now Is
in its fourth year. In connection wl:l
these, burdens and sufferings I think
especially of the sufferings of th
small artisans and the lowly paid of
ficials, put you all, men and wo-
m!H'.5iU ho,d oa and through.
With your political knowledge,
J ou do not allow yourselves to be
fooled by catch phrases. You know
how to distinguish betweea the real
ities of life and Ihe promises of
.Stfch -a ation rannot go under.
God Is with us and will be with ut
also In the future."; Loud cheering.)
A hT 40H.
a Certain Auatrntlan- mn.
tlngent, arrived in Egypt It was no
ticed that the discipline of the troops
was rather slack.- Oae day an Aota;
passed, an officer without aalatlnd.
The officer called him back.
"Do you konw who I am?" he
The Australian replied that he dii
"Well, I am an officer."
"Oh, you are?" was the reVly.
Wei., you're- got a soft Job, mate.
You stick to it."
pathetically disposed., as my poiti-tL3he reply of Count fzernin. the
-al activity i-hows toward every ide i;i Austro-Hungarian foreign minister,
which eliminates for the future a ; t the recent --seeches of President
possibility or a . probability of war j Wilson and Premier-Lloyd George M
and will promote a peaceful and ha-- j summarized rather folly in a Vienna
noniottH collaboration of nations if jspatl'.i received here today,
the idea of a bond of nation, as j" Count Czernin. who is quoted 'as
suggested by President Wilson ipeaklng before the foreign affair-
proves on closer examination really j committee of the Austrian delega
to te conceived in a spirit of com-It ion. said he considered it his first
plete Justice and impartiality toward ! dty to present a faithful report of
all, then the imperial government Is jjne peace negotiations with the
gladly ready, when all other pending j Hussians a Brest-Lkovsk to co-re
PATH TO PEACE
NOW IS OPENED
Optimistic View Held Russian
Negotiations Yet Will
pI A mjrj REGARDED rKtt
rULAHU lriUrtlUCU lllLU
. u . .
Opposes Exacting Any
BASEL. Switzerland. Jan. 2",.-
late the different . phases of the
events 'liich had occiirrfd .previous
to them and to draw from them con
clusions which were logical and just
Ifid. j a replr to those: who
found the negotiations too slow.
Count Csternin explained the diffi
culties attending, them, difficulties
of which one could not" even aiye an
approximate dea. He dwelt upon
the entire difference between the
Brest-LItovsk negotiations and any
nev!ons known to htstorv. one of the
,-hief differences bein- the publicity
given t tn, various nbases o' the
neeotlatlcns. he details , of wbkh
were daily telegraphed throughout
the entire world. -
Vo . niwat4ons Wanted.
"It is quite nalural in vew of the
nervousness, which prevails all ovr
Hebe," Count Caernln declared. ; Count czernin to President Wilson
"hft they should protltiee the effect. and prenier Lloyd George Is that
r.f electric shocks which arltnte nub-- the AmUrlan viewpoint shows signs
lie ooinlon. e are In n doubt asof independence and does not follow
to the inconvenience of this system. ; the German policy In several respect
but nevertheless we are Inclined to , 0n tbe vitaI qucetlon of Belgium
the "Russian s-overnment s delre for . the :ernian t hancellor's statement
tidclty because we have nothing to u considered so 'Indefinite that it
- , , . , . j might be construed to cover. any
Count Czernin rrm.h-.slzM b" 1 eourse Germany might think oppor
fact that to connter-balanee this ,,. at ,ha n... ,.r ih.
nublldty It was neeearv for the
public as 'weP s its leaders to rr
main clm. The "biislnes would be
on'ucted to the end with coolnes.
he declared, .and would achieve roo l
resu'ts if the peoples of the dual
onaehv supported he!r rsnonsl
Me deaates at the conferenc.
Count Cernln went en n declare j
that the basis nf taj? pesroistions be- (
-en Austria-flnogarv sd what h I
alluded to a the various recently
f-tM Ftuss'at state n reace
wlton snevsUo rf Indnltles.
U'l shall rot abandon this nro
rram. he awntjtncM. "and thos
"hn thonht f hon1t aije- r-e"
o led n"-!? from th nath which
f deterrted uon.are t-d nvchol
rtst. While the nan-Germans and
tit V"se n the monsrehj! who take
'hem pi rwt i' hrerre''
me with thetr undoubted snnort 1
m cons'dered t-r lb" Who wish
wpco at nv nrlc a being In favor
-f war. ' Put neither the one ld nr
he fh't has ever worried me. Their
Insults are, on tKe contrary, my only
distractions In these serious times.
IHnee Otteht to lteult."
"I declare once asain that I de
nand not a sous re meter or a
'"rentzer from ftussls and that if
Russia, as seems the case, adopts the
-?rne point of view, peace ought to
"Those who wish peaee-at any
nrice micht be able tocast doubts
upon my loyaUv If I did not tell tht' t
to their face with the same categoric
frankness that I .hall never agree to
conclude a peace exceeding the limits
which I have just Indicated- If our
Russian Interrogators asked ua to
concedeterritorles- and pay Indemnit
ies I should continue the war. de
spite the desire for ' pence which !
share as much as you, or I should
resign if I were unable to make my
"Once more, it can be rtated that
there Is no reason to draw the pes
simistic conclusion that the- peace ne
gotiations will fail for the commit
tees which are conferring are agreed
tc the principle of peace without an
nexations or Indemnities and onfv
new Instructions 'from various Rus
sian governments and their disap
pearance could ehngethli status."
IHfflcutties Are Named. '
. .The mlnlwter ald. the two iwt
i-erious difficulties which are the
cause of the negotiations not pto
ceedlng as quickly as everyone ecu Id'
vish, were: That we are not dealln?
with on Interrogator, but have to
negotiate with various newly creat
ed Russian stateswilh Russia.
represented by Petrogtad: with fhe
rkraltie, with Finland and with th.
Caucasus directly and with otheif,
who. for the moment are not repre
sented "atthe Brest-LItovsk- n-egotla-tions.
"With the Ukraine we have al
ready advanced far. We came to;
an agreement on the baslf of no an
nexations and no Indemnities, and j
we have already agreed to a great!
extent that commercial relation
should be resumed. Hut the great
difficulty la that the Ukrainian re
public has adopted this principle
with the understanding that In ne
gotiating with us that she ts doing
so as an Independent state and with
absolute autonomy while the Rus
sian delegation, asserts, that whil-f
the frontiers of the Ukraine have net
been definitely fixed, nssla has a
tight to take part In our negotiations
with the Ukrainian delegation, a
right which the latter does not wish
Poland lft Free.
"Kegardhij: ita-j Poland frontier.
which up to tbe present has not lK-en
exactly filed, we do not !eslre any
thing at all from this new state. Th
people of Poland must ; freely and
without beintr influenced, in any way
Kettle IheMr own destiny. J r my
i.art lattacb no particular impoi
I" - . . - -. m
anew to the form in wutcn tneir voe
on this subject is taken but it will
lease me all th more if this votf
reflects the precise will of the ma-
I ioritv of the otople. for I wish for
! Poland a free decision. j
"I see In the desire or Palan1 the;
only guarantee for lasting harininy.
I am .irrevocably of the opinion that
the Polish qastion ougth not to do-j
lay peace for a day. If, after tiiej
conclusion of peace, Poland wishes
to come to us we will welcome her i
willingly. The Polish; question cat'-;
not and will not endanger, peace."
Count Czernin said he would will- I
ingly have seen lolart?P participating!
in the peace, negotiations, for In his'
view, Poland was an Independent!
''Hut." he. added, "as the Russian;
government did not recognize the!
present Polish government as quali-i
fled to represent their Country, w;e, j
in order not to cause coaflict, did!
not Insist. The. .question certainly M1
important, but. is undoubtedly is!
more fmpoitant still to remove dif-i
ficulties which are calculited to de-'
kiy the negotiations. j
PEACE NOT NEAR
FROM WAR TALKS
(Continued from page 1)
details of quite another character.
The present belief of the official
Is that there Is not the slightest
probability of compliance bv the
Pnlted States and the allies with the
final demand of the German chancel
lor for the submission by them r
new proposals for peace.
lfertlinx'M Sieerh "Wnrlike.
LONDON, Jan. 23. Chancellor
von Hertllng's speech was character
ized today by Lord Robert Cecil,
minister of blockade, in a statement
to the Associated Press as "very war
like, certainly not a peace speech."
He added that the speech had .been.
dictated by Itindenhur and Luden
dorff, and contained no declaration
of policy regarding P.?lgitini, whlc I
he had always looked to as a test or
the reality of ny proposals from the
The first impression created In
London by the summaries of the re
plies of -Count von Ilertling and
Count Czernin'a proposal ! that
peace negotiations shall be begun
by Austria-Hungary and the United
.States on -behalf of the two group
of powers is ime which If -received
with ma iked Interest.
The general result of these speech
es, in the view of observers here, -Is
that the war problems are now fairly
launched Into the field of interna
tional debate and that the next ut
terance is due to come from the
United tSates and the European al
Leading Amateur and Profes
sional; Associations to
Keep Up Contests
WILSON FAVORS MOVE
President Backs Plans of
Leading Managers to Hold
Up Athletic Standards
NRM YORK. Dec. .11 Out of the
haze of uncertainty which surround
ed Atrnr!c?n.spcrt. following the en
try of the nation . into the world
war, has come the fixed purpose to
continue the pastimes and recreative
competitions, so far es its compati
ble with a MircesafuS conduct of the
eemflict. during the ensuing year.
This U the conclusion reached - by
a majority of the leading amateur
and professional sport governing as
sociations of the country, in thl.
attitude they have the endorsement
and assistance of the leading gov
ernment. and service officials, from
PreIdent WHsen down to those In
charge of the various military and
It has been demonstrated In In
numerable ways that rport and ath
letlc competition bavt' a permanent
and beneficial place In s the 'life of
Ametica. The stimulus which come
with bodily and mental iip'r.iildlnrf.
Incidental to recreative contests, is
now being recognized and appre
ciated as never before. The need ef
it is realized by those who In the
past were Inclined to view the per
iod devoted to sport and exercise
as a waste of time. The sums col
lected by sport governing organiza
tions for war and charitable pur
poses and the Individual efforts and
sacrlficc-H . of those prominent, in
dividually. In various branches ef
snort have raised the game to a
Mghrr plane than at any time in the
history of the country. . .v ;
These are but "a few of the rea
sons why the continuation cf sport
is urged and planned by those who,
in their official connection with
amateur and professional games and
recreative rontests, are arranging
for an active season In 191 X aa out
lined in the following official state
ments: Yoa Shonld Worry Let thf
Gassified Adi Work for Too
i ar i i iiu n-suJvis t .1 w 11111. iri'i-if 1 "iny.M
The Classified Columns of The
Statesman can fill all kinds of
wants for all kinds of people.
1 cent a word
-cent a word
THE SON OF ATTILA .
(By J. W. I.) j
He desired a place In thttfsun,
And surcease from dull tabors.
He son of Attila the Hun
.Planned -war on his neighbors.
Ap infinite passion of gieed
Of bis mind had possession,
And It nourished the pestilent seed
Of craft aggression,
Till it took quick root In his soul,
(Thus Is, it as ever.)
Its fruition he set as the goal
Of his flhal endeavor.
Blind to the lesson of ages,
He challenged the stars
And-beought as his ultimate wages
The red mantle, of Mars.
So he trampled the weak In the mire
As he loudly protested
The God-fearing and righteous dcsiiq
For which, he contested.
Sophistry ever his shield '
In deeds reckoned nameless, I
He stood before mankind revealed.
Blood-drunken and shameless.
He wallowed in blood through a land.
:j NO RAISE
This production tells the amazing story of the Saint who be
came a Sinner and .the Sinner who became a Saint
QtSTTIT A T
1 1 LIBERTYI
U Where Yn See the Wfrhl niKe,t
We still have a few copies of oar NEW
YEAR EDITION for sale.
Your friends and relatives will enjoy read
ing this number, ; -
- t Make up a list. We will mail them and
The cost is small 5c per copy, while they
last - - '
THE STATESMAN, Salem, Ore.
Neither sex nor age sparing.
Famine sprang up to his. hand
- Gaunt-featured and staring. .
Ana virtue ana innocense fled
When his footsteps resounded.
A m.I ,-11 l . . ,
tuu u 1 1 ur iuiiqwvu uis ereau
In the ruin which be founded.
Out a nemesis out of the west,
With a purpose unbending.
Has arisen at honor's behest -And
his star Is descending.
And it still shall decend to the slough
Of self-loathing and sorrow, .
For before bim, if portents be true.
Lies a weary tomorrow. ,
Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCullocb,
who Is t lie first women to receive
cppolntment as a master in chancery
In Chicago, is a noted woman law
cr and suffrage worker. She was
one of the first women to be admitt
ed to the, Illinois State bar and has
been privileged to practice in the
Supreme Court of the United States
sinco 1898. - ,
Classified Ads Vork for Yoa
IN PRICES :
AG Am TODAY, TOMORROW
Mary Garden in
rom tho Famous Novel by
ANATOLE FRANCE ;