The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, January 23, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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mm -
Wednesday probably rain;
moderate southerly winds.
!fiiXy-KVKXTH YEAIl XO. 238
Ready Response 7 Made at
Arpory Last Night When
1 Call From Portland is
tlade Known to New Com
Utrp A Expected to Heed
Adjutant General's Call
Between twenty-five and thirty
members of the new Salem company
of Oregon state guards last nigh;
volunteered their service for guard
duty on the Portland water front
This was In response to an inquiry
received from .the office of Acting
Adjutant General J. M. Williams in
Portland whether at least thirty-five
saen from the Salem company would
volunteer for a period of thirty days.
If is said that sufficient aaaruonai
men will volunteer to make up the
"thirty-five or more men wanted.
The men; who go to Portland from
Salem will be under the command
of one of the local officers. Their
compensation will be. board and lodg
ing and 1(0 a month while on duty.
They .will be given uniforms and
equipment At the expiration of the
tsirty days they may either return
to- Salem or sign up for another
thirty days service.
The new Oregon state guards hate
been organized tinder federal regu-
latlons for, -duty , within . the state.
Portland ..- companies already v- are
guarding warehouses, mills and other
bulldjogs containing valuable stores,
ilost of these are alopg the water
front Not a full percentage of the
men enlisted In the companies are
ivailatle for this service because of
civilian duties, and for this reason,
volunteers are called for.
' Whek the Ealeaf'tnen are expected
la report for duty in Portland baa
uot yet been determined.
A muttering officer did not airive
from Portland last night, so the Sa
lem company has not yet been must
ered into service. Most of the mem
bers were out , however, for arm
.Men's Heavy Flannel Log
gers Shirts and Stag Shirts
At prices far below the present value of the flannel
frcnhich they are made, j These shirts are extreme
ly practical for all out-door wear.
They were bought when wool was less than half
-its present value. It will pay yon to buy now f or next
season as well as f or present use. Flannel shirts of
every kind will be nearly I double present pnees for
next falL 7 -
Slug jninnel Sta Shirt with Double Shoulderf Q QQ
and two pockets. . . f VVf v
Bine Plaid or Grey Plaid Flannel Stag Shirts, 69 AK
with one pocket. ......... H9-
Extra heaty giey mackinaw Stag Shirts. . . . . . .f3v45'
trHwvy (all wool Oregon .Orey Flannel J3e65
j " - ' ' ' '
opa weigm au wool uregon ziuc 4 S
Shirts with Donble Shoulders peJeUav
Still Heavier Weight, same as above ...... $4.65
Extra Heavy AU Wool Olive jDrab. Oregon --
flannel Sta ShirU with Double' Shoulders and Su XS
two Covered Pockets. ..... j . . i .
Heavy Blue An Woof Calif ornia Flannel Double -
Slxoulders and SUcker Lined I Shoulders and fR SS'
Sleeves Just what youfneed in the rain. . 1. 1 . . . -V.
We have a full range of sizes from 15 to 18 in the above ShirU.
Our ttnr xlnsan af K9A avtnr
8 o'clock - i
Value in 1917 Over Nineteen
'Billion Dollars; Gain
Over 1916 Big
Illinois Is Banner State
i Texas Forced to Take
Second Place
WASHINGTON. Jan. 22. Farm
products of the United States reached
the unprecedented value of $19,443.
849,281 last year, an increase of
more than $6,000,000,000 over 1916
and almost $9,000,000,000 mo, re
than in 1915. .
j A .preliminary estimate Just an
nounced by the department of agri
culture, shows crops were valued at
$13,610,461,782 and represented 70
per cent of the value of all farm
products. Animals and animal prod
ucts were valued at $5,933,386,519
in 1917, an increase of almost $1,
500,000,000 over 1916 '
i Value of all farm crops 'for 1917
by states, not including the value of
animals and animal products shows
Ulinls first. Texas second and low
third. In 191S Texas led with Iowa
second end Illinois third.
Illinois is. the. baher farm crop
State, Value of her crops last year
exceeded that of Texas, which car
ried away the honor, in 1910. Iowa's
crops were slightly under those of
Texas In vakie last year, placing the
Lone Star state in third position.
Iowa was in second place in 1916.
with Illinois third.
! The Tast'sum of $13,580,768,000
represents the value of all farm
crops in the United States in 1917.
as estimated 'by the department of
agriculture. That compares' with
$8,985,870,000 In 1916 and $6,298.-
220.000. the average for the five
years, 1911-15.
i .Corn, with a value of $4,053,672.
ooo.-is -the ainsr of crops." Cotton far
second with a value' of $1,517,568,-
000. Other billion dollar crops in
1817 were: Wheat, $1;307.437,000;
bay; $1,359,401,000, and oats, $1,
nl 197 000. -
; Value of all farm crops in 1917.
as estimated by the department of
( Continued on Page l
! - ,
:avinnif V.0nl SatnrdAW at
Senator Prepares to Reply to
Wilson While Administra
tion Leaders Make Ready
To Defend Conduct of War
Advocates of Cabinet to Show
Delays in Preparing
For War
WASHINGTON. Jan. 22. Neither
the aggressive opposition of Presi
dent W'iUson nor- the apparent cer
tainty; that their ' measures ( would
have do chance in the house even if
passed by the senate is halting tb?
campaign of advocates fn congress of
bills to establish a war cabinet and a
director of - munitions.
When the senate reconvenes on
Thursday, according to plans made
today by Chairman Chamberlain and
bis associates on the military com
mittee behind the legislation, tbo
contest will be opened. They pro
pose with a motion to refer the war
cabinet bill to tbe military committee
as the vehicle of debate, to open dis
cussion of the -merits of their war
machinery reorganization program,
and Senator Chamberlain expects to
reply to the statement issued by
President Wilson last night criticis
ing; him for his New York speech, m
which the Oregon senator said the
military establishment had broken
down. .
Wilson Is Confident.
Administration leaders als were
in conference and planned to fight
tbe Chamberlain bills and answer at
tacks upon the - government's eon
duct of the war. In preparation, a
number of Democratic senators saw
the president last night. It is under
stood, 'the president told them he be
lieved the country would support mm
in bis opposition to legislation which
would abandon a machine carefully
developed since the war began in
favor of a new and untried organiza
tion inttlnr over ntanv of his own
constitutional powers under the pro
posed war cabinet bill.
The president advised his visitors
that under the present orraniaation
tfca war record of the government
has been on of the reat accom
plishments and would result in plac
ing abroad by next June twice the
number of Americans originally
planned. Mistakes in such a gigan
tic task, be suggested, were to be
expected. M r
Delays to Be Shown.
To meet the arguments of the ad
ministration spokesmen. Senator
Cnamberlaln and his supporters are
nrenarlna to elaborate on the defi
ciencies and the delays in providing
army supplies and equipment dis
closed in the committee's war in
quiry. Today the committee decided
to resume the investigation next aai
urdav. callinjr Surgeon General Got
gas to testify regarding cantonment
sanitary conditions.
Tbe record of the investigation to
date was haBtily completed today to
be furnished to senators in readiness
for Thursday's debate. Lte In the
date Senator Chamberlain included
in the record a statement furnished
br the war : department showing
shortages of equipment of national
guard and national army canton
ments on January l.
r Prompted by President Wilson's
statement 'last night, the lord nance
bureau of the war department has
embarked upon a new publicity pol-
(Continued on page 2)
Services for Lieutenant Bel-
I: linger at First Methodist
.;. Church
TV. funeral of the late Lieutenant
Iran E. Bellinger. M. R. C. who
died in camp at Fort Kiiey, Kansas,
win h hold this afternoon at 2
nvinrk from the First Methodist
church. The bod7 will He in state
at the churcb from 1 o'clock until
th hour of the services. Tbe casket
m in h closed when the services start.
Lieutenant Bellinger gTew up in
Raim. where he was rraduated from
both the Salem high school andWih
amette university. -Hosts of friends
in the Willamette valley mourn the
death of the promising young pny
ilrlin. His srrandfather was the late
Judas Bellinger, a prominent Uwyer
r.f Portland.
Following the funeral services, thel
body Willi oe taaen io roniou ior
burial. Those chosen as pallbearers
are boyhood friends of the braw
soldier. Tbey are: Dr. C. E. Bates,
Josenh Austin. R. L. Matthews, Dr
F. H. Thompson, Dr. John Evans and
Paul Johnson..
Farmers Protest That Work-
ers Are Attracted to Gov
ernment Work
War Industries to Draw From
List ; Published Reports
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22. Meas
ures to check competition for labor
between the war Industries and gov
ernment agencies have been taken
by the department of balor. This
was announced today ufter a delega
tion of Virginia truck growers had
called on Assistant Secretary Post
with a protest that the farmers
would lose a million bushels of po
tatoes this year if the enticement
of farm laborers by industrial con
cerns were permitted to continue.
The delegation wag told that the
department already had directed the
cancellation of extravagant adver
tisements for men, whldh are con
sidered determental to the govern
ment's war program.
Employment Service ITsed.
. Industrial plants are being assured
that all real labor needs will be by tbe United States employ
ment sef vice, In whose hands the dis
tribution of the available labor sup
ply has been placed by Secretary
Mobolization of shipyard workers, a
department statement said, has been
placed entirely in tbe hands of tbe
employment service by tbe shipping
board. Independent recruiting by
tbe board and the individual plants
will be discontinued to permit a con
centration of effort which will cul
minate in a national shipbuilders'
registration week, February 11,
Confusion and suffering are said
to have resulted from careless state
ments as to ship yards needs, attract
ing many men to places where an
a'mply supply of workers already was
Waning Is Given. "
Published statements of the num
ber of men who would be wanted
have been misinterpreted, said the
statement, as meaning that great
numbers are wanted, whereas they
are wanted only In limited quanti
ties and of particular types at .tiy
one time. Men should stick to their
jobs Until the department tells them
that there is a shipbuilding position
awaiting and: what the wages and
housing conditions are.
"By registering in the publie ser
viee reserve, men can be assured that
they will be told when they will be
wanted. The reserve is how listing
men willing to serve on railroads,
munition plants and In tbe divisions
of the army which require skilleu
Employers of labor even ta so-ca li
ed non-essential industries will be
helped by the success of the regis
tration, which will make it possible
for the department of labor to make
a fair distribution of all calls for
men, and to minimize and equalize
any drain on Industry which results
from unregulated competition for
men between war industries and dif
ferent branches of tbe government.
Labor is in entire sympathy with tbe
creation of this reserve because it
will help to prevent great hardships
which fall upon working men who
have no certain way of knowing
whether or where there may be em
ployment for them.
400,000 Men To Be Needed.
It was estimated that between now
and August 400,000 men will be
needed for shipbuilding. Many times
this number of voluntary workers is
expected, to be enrolled registration
An appeal to President Wilson to
speed up governmental machinery in
aid of production so as to relieve
the anxiety of farmers as to labor
supply, credit facilities and seed
shortage, was made today Jn a me
moral from the federal board of farm
organizations in behalf of more than
2,000,000 organized farmers. v
The board asked for a reply Feb
ruary when representatives of th
seven national farm organizations !
comprising the beard, together with
a number of state masters of the
grange and heads of the Society of
Equity a,nd other bodies, will seek
an audiences with the president to
discuss constructive plan3.
Farmers Must Produce More.
The memorial said: t
, "If food is to win the war, as we
are assured on every side, the farm
ers of America must produce more
food in 1918 than they did In 1JI7.
But unless present conditions are
radically changed. increased crops
this year are impossible. Under ex
isting conditions ve cannot , equal
the production of 1917, much less
surpass it, and this for reasons over
which the farmers have no control.
"The chif causes which will inev
itably bring about a smaller crop
next year, unless promptly removed
by national action, are six In num
ber: The 'shortage of farm' labor;
shortage of seed; prices often below
the cost of production; lack of rea
sonable t credit; exclusion of the
farmers from his right and -necessary
share in -the conduct of tbe war;
(Continued on page 2),
Garfield Urgently Appeals to
Director McAdoo to Place
Embargo on All Freight
Exept Fuel and Food
Food Sent to France Unhin
dered by Troop Movements
of America
WASHINGTON. Jan. 22 An urg
ent recommendation that an embargo
be declared for a few days on accept
ance by the railroads of any freight
except coal and food was! submitted
to Director General McAdoo tonight
by the fuel administration. .!
Thisactlon is jimperstive. Fuel
Administrator Garfield said, to as
sure adequate movement of fuel dur
ing tbe balance of the week when.
the general transportation situation
east of the Mississippi threatens, to
become worse daily owing to the pro
longed strain on railroads of deep
snows r.d intensely cold weather.
Tonight the five-day period of in
dustrial suspension ended, and with
the resumption of manufacturing to
morrow, railroad officials look for a
new flood of traffic which the rail
roads cfnnot handle until normal
weather is restored, r
McAdoo Not for Kmharco.
Director-jGeaeral McAdoo was not
inclined . to look with "favor on the
embargo proposal. He held that un
der go.rnraent operation and con
sequent pooling of facilities and
short haul k routing, the railroads
would be able -to clear all freight
without priority and without em
bargoes. Coal and food already have
preference over all other freight, he
pointed out.
Mr. McAdoo promised, however.
to study, closely Dr. Garfield's fig
ures showing how coal production
has been, curtailed in recent weeks.
and to take whatever action seemed
best. Meanwhile he and Dr. Gar
field set about devising a scheme by
which fuel will be transported from
mines to consumers over tbe shortest
possible routes. By tbis means,' it is
planed 1f save many thousand miles
of needless hauling, and devote loco
motives and labor thus conserved to
(Continued on Page 8)
Evidence Introduced at Trial
of Franz Von Rintelen,
Head of Police Squad Thinks
Explosives Put On 111-
Fated Ship
NEW YORK, Jan. 22. Testify
ing in the trial here toaay of Franz
von Rintelen, German naval reserv
ist, and twelve other defendants,
charged with conspiracy to flace
fire bombs on steamships here. Ser
geant Henry -Rarth of the police
bomb squad, declared circumstances
pointed to the placing on tbe Luai-
tania of bombs which had: been in
tbe possession of two of tbe defend
In the guise of a paid agent of
Wolf von Igel. who was secretary to
Captain Boy-Ed, former - German
naval attache. Barth said he forme:!
the acquaintance of some of the al
leged plotters. Eugene Reister one
of the defendants, had admitted, ac
cording to Barth, that at a confer
ence he attended in Brooklyn th
main 'topic of discussion was the
placing of bombs on ships that were
to sail from tbis port.
' Barth said that Reister also ad
mitted that Walter I'hde and Joseph
Zeffert had been 'employed in car
rying bombs on several occasions to
persons known to them as "the west
side people."
The fact that these men carried
bombs to the west side previous to
the sinking of the Lusltania. Barth
said. 14 to his belief that they had
been plaeed on the ill-fated vessel.
Barth testified that after he had
gained the (confidence! of Captain
Charles von Klefst. a German steam
ship engineer, h told him that five
vessels had been destroyed by fire
British Destroyer . Lizard
Sinks Turkish Ship After
Wild Chase
Sighting of Periscope of. Sub
marine Interferes With
Rescue Work
2 1 . Via London. Jan. 2 2. ( British
Admiralty, per Wireless Press.)
following official comrauincation, was
issued today concernlg the naval bat
tle Sunday morning near the mouth
of the Dardanelles: -i -i
Sultan Sellm and! Midullu, with
some torpedo boats,! issued from the
Dardanelles 1 yesterday, in order to
destroy enemy fdfees which had been
located near the island of Imbros.
Two enemy monitors, the Raglan,
4500 tons, with two 14-inch guns.
and ithe M-28. 500 tons, with one 9-
Ineh "tin and another smaller gun.
a transport sbi pof 2000 tons, a sig
nal utajlon and numerous munitions
depots were destroyed. ,,
"There was lively aerial Activity
on both side "An enemy airplane was
shot down in an aerial fight and a
second was seriously damaged. Our
coast batteries, successfully bom
barded enemy torpedo boats.
"On the return trip the Midullu
was sunk by striking several mines.!
LONDON. Jan 22. The British
destroyer Lizard was about two
miles from tbe northeasterly point
of the island of Imbros on patrol
duty at 5:20 o'clock last Sunday
morning when it sighted the war
rhips Goeben and Breslau (Sultan
Selim and Midullu), says an official
statement from the admiralty giving
a detailed report of the engagement
which resulted In the loss of the
Breslau and the beaching -' of the
damaged Goeben. . :
The Breslau was steamlnr ln a
norther!' direction to the south and
east of Cape Cepbalo, followed short
ly by' the Goeben, which was about
a mile astern The Lizard at once
gave the alarmy and opening fire, it
proceeded to keep In. close touch as
possible with the enemy ships. " The
Goeben and Breslau engaged the Liz
ard at about 11.000 yards, snooting
over her 'without hitting!
The Goeben sighed British moni
tors in Kusii bay on the northeast-
corner of Imbros and engaged them.
the Breslau continuing to fight .the
Lizard, which was prevented . from
closing in to torpedo range because
of the accuracy of the enemy's fire
at the shorter range. The destroyer
Tigress now Joined tbe Lizard and
the two destroyers endeavored to
cover the monitors Tiy forming
smoke screen, "in attempting, whib
they were subjected to . ah accurate
fire from the Goeben.
Ilritih Monitor Is lilt.
Meanwhile, i one British monitor,
the Raglsn. had been hit heavily and
sank. The small ..monitor M-2S,
which was on fire amidships, blew
up and finally disapperaed about
six a. m. The enemy then ceased
hin fire and altered his course to the
j Observing trawlers, coming to tbe
assistance of .the monitors, the Tig
ress and Lizard followed the enemy.
At 7 a. m. when tbe Breslau was
about six miles south of CephalOTTi
large explosion was observed abreast
her after funnel. Two or three min
utes later three m'ore explosions took
place, and at ten minutes past she
sank b ythe stern, keeling -over as
she went down. .
On seeing the . Breslau sink, tbe
Goeben turned and circled round her
once, and then continued on a south
erly course. Immediately after this.
four epemy destroyers were sighted
coming out of the Dardenelles, sup-
norted by an old Turkish cruiser.
The Tigress and Lizard at once en
gaged the enemy destroyers which
hurriedly retreated up the straits
the nearest one being hit repeatedly
and set on fire.
Shin Chased up Tardenelles.
The Goeben continued a souther
ly course until an attack by British"
aircraft forced her to. alter her
course and bead for the Dardenelles.
In the act of turning, she Struck
mine which jcaused her to settle
down art with a list of ten to fifteen
degrees, which considerably reduced
her speed. She proceeded slowly up
the Dardenelles. escorted bv enemy
seaplanes, and : the feiir urklsh de
stroyers which had returned to her
assistance. - ?
British aircraft attacked the Go
ben repeatedly and ebtained two di
rect hits when she was off Chanak
The Goeben now waff In such a dam
aged condition that she was steerei
for the shore and beached at the ex
treme end of the Nagara point, about
one hundred yards rorom.tbe light
bouse. Shortly after she was beach
ed two more dlrt hits were msde
on her bv the aircraft who were en
gaged heavily by several enemy sea
nlanes. In the encounters which
took place one, of tbe Brtish ?a
(Continued on Page 8)
Optimistic Utterances of Of
ficials Quiet Situation Bet
New Discord Among Popu
lace Is Anticipated . '
Million People at Work Again
-Press Censorship Firm
ly Clamped'
(tly. The Ataocinted JPreti)
While the bitter internal political
situation in Austria-Hungary seonn
to have abated somewhat, tbe latent
indications are that discontent i
merely smoldering and that at no
distant date it again may break -out
in a veritable conflagration.
Tbe politicians apparently with op
timistic utterances have quieted a
situation that admittedly is fraught
with grave possibilities so far as the
dual monarchy "is concerned, but tbe
known war-weariness of the populace
and tbe food shortage are ' likely
soon again to bring the people into
sbaip discord with the authorities.
Strike Virtually Ended.
The general strike, which. It Is
asserted, took more than a million
men and women from their work a
large proportion of them enaged in
war industries virtually ended Mon
day morning, but at last accounts
the people still were clamoring for
food and for a cessation of hostili
ties. . ,
At tbe moment of the outburst of
public discontent and throughout tbo
days when the discord vas strong
est, the government of the dual mon
archy showed it was keenly alive to
the necessity of calming tbe uniest.
immediately when the cry 4of "peace"
arose, there came from the halls of
the government tbe answer. "We
are ready for peace without annexa
tions or Indemnities,, and It was
added that this feeling was shared
into. the utmost by tbe emoeror-
klng. , . ,
The Austrian press herald broad
cast the alleged peace desires of tbo
government andr king, and its utter
ances likely had much to do -with
tbe subsidence of tbe popular clam
or, .with the return of,. the people
to work, however, the newspapers
apparently have felt the stern hand
of the censor, for nothing concern-
continued on Page 3)
Drastic Measures Are Taken
to Deal Trtth Meat Short-.
i age Abroad ' v
Guest Must Provide Own
Sugar in Dining at Hotels
and Clubs .
LibN'DON, Jan. 22. Lord Rhon
da, food controller, uas taken dras
tic measures to deal with the meat
shortage. An offlctat order was
Issued today applying to all hotels,
restaurants, boarding .houses and
public -places, to begin forthwith, it
specifies two meatless days weekly
Tuesdays and Fridays in the London
district, and Wednesdays and: Fri
days In other parts of the kingdom.
Between the hours of 5 and 10:30
o'clock. Yn the morning no meat,
poultry or game may be consumed
on any day and no milk: may bo
consumed as a beverage except .toy
children under ten years of age. ...
A guest must provide his wa
sugar for sweetening beverages ex
cept that residents of hotels, club
and boarding houses may be sup
plied -with not exceeding six ounces
of sugar weekly for this purpose, if
they do not possess -ordinary sugar
The order "gives a table indicating
minutely, even to fractions, the ex
act amount of meat, sugar, bread,
flour, butter or other fats allowed
each guest for - each meal for - the
guidance of ;hotel and restaurant
proprietors-in their weekly dietary.
Of fats only one and one quarter
ounce may be allowed each, guest
dally, of which not exceeding one
half may-consist of butter and mar
garine.'.. - The. weekly allowance for each
(Continued on Page 2) ,