The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980, January 18, 1918, Page 1, Image 1

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Pain, fresh south westerly
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.Administrator, Supported by
Wilson, Attaches Signa
ture, to Mandate (While
Senate Asks Suspension
Baker and Darnels Prepare
List of Industries Exempt
i!-. From Act it.
: WASHINGTON, Jai. 1 7. -While a
storm of, protest raged at the capitol
-and among" business Interests
throughout' the nation. Fuel Admin
istrator Garfield tonight signed fhe
order in preparation since .yesterday,
cjosln dqwn manufacturing plants
east of the Mississippi river for- five
days beginning aT midnight tonight
anil stopping virtually all business
activity on every Monday for a per
iod of ten weeks beginning January
'51. : - V'""-- ' ; . ! 1 ' i":'!
With the full support. of ? Presl
) dent Wilson, the fuel administrator
ate as the senate was preparing to
vote on a resolution which it passed
20 minates later, requesting him to
postpone action for five clays.. Dr.
Garfield would not comment on the
senate action, but it was stated at
the fuel administration that the res
olution would have no effect upon
the order. i ; i
-Seldom ban Washington seen a day
of more stirring acIyity. Congress
paid little attention to any other
subject during the day, and officials
generally, few of whom bad Known
that the order was imminent, talk
ed of little else. .!
Garfield Btorm Center.
- Dr. Garfield was storm center dur
' ' log the morning when his office was
swamped with telephone calls. In the
afternoon when he was haled befowj
-a senate committee and tonight when
he finally issued the order, j
. The order as; signed and sent out
tonight to state fuel administrators
for enforcement, contained but few
'changes from the form of an abstract
' given out by the fuel administration
last night. Nor-did it clear up to
any great extent the confusion, re-
- (Continued on page 2)
1 -Girls?, Shoes
Every vwomanTwha'hat $hapcly
unblemished fect'U justly.' proud of
them. Thoscfvvhojfare less fortu
- nate can invariably trace thcblcm
ishes ;to illnttingi hces .worn
durrng grlhcxdn.It i$ the duty of
' every motherf to choose shoes for
the growing girl thatwill prevent
i foot .trouble in.afterycar$5 -
Busier1 Sfowtt Shoes
For Girls' .
are "made 'pverythe'famous Buster
f Brown Shaping Lasts, which insure
V the proper development of the foot. , f
Every mother should sec these shoes, f
They combine many features o vital to, health,
with dependable leathers, reliable workmanship r .
sterling values and correict style, and insure positive
freedom' from foot troubles.
: - Buster Brown Shoes are made in many patterns .
for all ages from two years to eighteen. For Boys and
Girls. There's honest service in every pair. ;
x . .. .
Our store closes at 5:30 every evening except Sat
urday, at 8 o'clock.
Secretary Announces Issue of
rJTreasury Indebtedness
Paper Bearing Four Per Cent
Interest Aceptable for
'WASHINGTON. Jin. 17 As the
first financial -step in preparation
for-the third liberty loan, Secretary
MCAdoo tonight announced a new
issue of $400;o0o,000 treasury cer
tificates of indebtedness, bearing
per cent from January 22, and pay
able April 22, Subscriptions will be
I received by federal reserve banks at
part and accrued Interest until Jan
uary 29, and payment must be made
by that date. The certificates will
be received in payment of third lib
erty loan subscriptions. "
This arrangement indicates that
the first payment on the third liberty
loan will be on or about April 22.
and that if the same plan of install
ment' payments is maintained for the
third as for the second loan, the bond
selling campaign will be in March.
For the second loan, the first pay
ment was made two weexs after the
close of the month's campaign.
For the first time since the United
States started its big war financing
move, subscriptions will be received
simultaneously for two Current is
sues of certificates, since an issue of
so-called tax certificates is stilt open.
The interest rate is the same as on
other recent issues.
' On the latest issue Secretary MC
Adoo reserved the right to reject any
subscription, to allot less than the
amount applied for, to close the sub
scription books at any time and re
deem the certificates before their
maturity date. The certificates will
be In denominations of . f 1000.
15600, $10,000 and $100,000. They
are exempt from all federal, state
and local taxes, except estate and in
heritance taxes. Income surtaxes and
excess profits taxes. Interest on
$5000 worth of certificates wed
by any one person or interest is also
exempt from income surtaxes'and ex
cess profits taxes.
Slavs Unwilling to Comprom
ise; Peace With Allies
Not Wanted
Wide Gap Exists Between
Ideas of Self-Determination
of Nations
BERLIN', via LONDON. Jan. 17.
The official report of the reply of
the Germans to the Russian dele
gates at the Hrest-Litovsk confer
ence last Monday, says Dr. von
Kuehlmann. announced that the cen
tral powers had decided, to reply
verbally. to the formulated proposals
of the Russian delegation. 11
urged that the present method of
drawing up formulated documents
wasted much time' and led to little
progress. '
, He advised that they talk matters
over in the future, entrusting their
paper drafts to one representative
from . each side. ' These two repre
sentatives should form an editorial
committee, who should r?ach an un
derstanding between themselves In
ascertaining and settling down
points of difference. The reply of
the central powers was then read,
as follows: '
Compromise Xot Realized.
-"The proposals of the FMissian
delegation, with regard to the devel
opment of matters in regions of Rus
sia occupied by the central powers
diverge to such a degree from the
Views of the central powers that in
their present form they must be
characterized as inacceptable. They
do "hot possess the character of an
attitude of compromise for which
the central powers have striven, but
represent a one-sided Russian de
mand which excludes th'e just basij
of the opposite party being taken In
to consideration.
"In .spite of that, the central pow
ers are prepared again to give a
clearly formulated : clpression of
their opinions upon pending ques
tions, this time in a formulated man
ner, and also fo try. to find out if
the compromise striven for by them
offers any prospect of realization.
i "One portion of the territories oc
cupied by the central powers is dealt
with In Article 1 of the German
draft. This matter has been deliber
ated npon and requires no further
discussion. The question according
to which (blank in the wireless dis
patch received by the British ad
miralty) state life should be granted
was purely a temporary organisation
and had four stages: (I) The time
between the conclusion of peace with
Russia and the termination of. Rus
sian demobilization. (2) The' tiuio
between the Russian peace and a
general ipeace., (3 J The time for
the transition stage of the new peo
ples. Mr The finally definitive
stage whi the new. states require
for the complete installation of Jneir
state organization.
JieiaI Peace Xot Wanted.
"It most be repeatedly pointed
nt that for the central powers, as
distinct from the case of Russia, the
conclusion of peace with Russia by
no means has any connection with
a general peace, and that the central
powers will be compelled to continue
the war axainst their other enemies.
On the other hand, the Russian gov
ernment declares again to the aliled
(Teutonic) delegation that it is of
the opinion that the existing consti
tutional organization of newly creat
ed spates may be considered for the
present fully competent to express
the will of w)de circles of the neople.
"Of great importance for the ques
tion -(blank In the wirclefes) of the
individuality of a state is the .deci
sion reached by the supreme' court
law and given at Washington in the
year 1808, in which it is stated:
That the sovereign rights of the
United States of North America
must be recognized as having fully
and completely existed from the day
of the announcement of its independ
ence, that is to say, as from the
Fourth of July, 1776. quite inde
pendent of Its recognition on thj
part of England In the treaty of the
year 1782. Droit international cod
ifie, page 160.'i
Declaration Is Xoted.
' "The delegation takes note of the
declaration 'that the Russian govern
ment from the fact that the occu
pied regions having belonged ty the
former Russian imperial empire does
not draw any conclusions which
would Impose any political obliga
tions upon the peoples of thes ter
ritories In relations to the Russian
republic and that the old frontiers of
the former Russian empire front
iers established by acts of force, and
crime' against such peoples, and
especially against the Polish people
have disappeared, together with
: "It also takes note that 'there
fore,, the principal task before j the
Russian government in the negotia
tions now in progress ,dos' not' con
sist inxany way in defending the
forceful keeping of territories within
the borders of the Russian empire,
but in guaranteeing real freedom and
the right of self-determination in re.
(.Continued on page 6.)
Bohhviki Orders Rumanian
King Captured Following
Strict Ultimatum Crisis
Laid to Fraternization
Germans Oppose Russian
Views -on Evacuation;
Front to be Guarded -
PETROGRAD, Jan. 17. An order
threatening the arrest of King Ferdi
nand of Rumania ' has been Issued
by the Bolshevikj.
The order, w'hlch is signed by
Premier Lenine, calls upon Russian
soldiers and officials on the Ruman
ian front to arrest the king and de
liver him In Petrograd on board a
special train for imprisonment. It
constitutes the latest development la
connection with the alleged starving
of Rolsheviki troops by Rumanian
forces which led to the at rest of Ru
manian Minister Diamand! and the
sending of an ultimatum to Rumania
demanding the punishment' of the
officials responsible.
The order describes the way in
which 'the king is to be handled and
guarded on the way to Petrograd.
The attitude or the Bolshevikl in
this respect appears to be serious, as
they believe they hate sufficient
forces on the -Rumanian front to
carry ont their threat.
PETIIOGRAD, Jan. 16. Tfee eve
nlng papers, declaie that the arrest
by Rumanians of Austrian officers
who sough to go thrcugh the Ru
manian lines on their way to the
Russian front to fraternize with th
Russians, is one of the principal rea
sons for the crisis between the Boi
shevlkl and Rumania.
The Rumanians declare that these
officers broke the armistice agree
ment by going beyond certain lines.
The fact or the arrest of the enemy
was immediately communicated to
headquarters at Brest-Litovsk.
The officials at the Fmolny Insti
tute ar particularly incensed at ths
conduct' of General' Tcherbatcheff,
commander on the Rnsslan-Rumanl
an front, suspecting him of working
with the Ukraine forces and the Ru
manians against the Smolhy insti
tute. .
" Delegates to tne constituent assembly-from-
I'krain who arrived in"
Petrograd -today declared that the
Ukraine rada was moving troop to
war Poltava, which is occupied by
the Bolshevik forces and that a bat
tle already hJd occurred on the out
skirts of the town. , .
(Associated Press Summary.)
The Teutonic allies and the Bol
shevik! are still deadlocked over the
question or peace terms. The stum
bling block evidently is the evacua
tion or occupied territory, demanded
by the Russians In order that the
inhabitants may have a free rein in
expressing their desires as to their
future government.
.' German Iilike Kvacuation.
An official German statement says
taht the Russian proposals regarding
evacuation are so divergent froi;
the ideas of the central powers in.
their present iorm as to be unacc'etit
ablt to Germany and h-r allies. The
Russians are described as having
taken an' uncompromising attitude
In. the matter and as not treating
with the Teutops on a Just ba3fs.
Seemingly as giving f Inanity to
their previously expressed intention
with regard to the evacuation of n
cupled territory, the German state
ment says the withdrawal of .the
Austrian and German troops while
he war continues Is impossible, in
an endeavor to placate 'the Russians
(Continued on page 6.)
Night Sergeant Is Virtually
Certain To Be Elected
Chief '
Al. Foland,, night sergeant of the
Salem police department, yesterday
afternoon announced that he would
accept the position of chief of the de
partment to succeed the late K. K.
Cooper if. it is tendered him by
votes of the city councilman at the
meeting next Monday night. This
makes Sergeant Foland's election a
virtual certainly as it is known that
most of the aldermen are fn favor of
htm-for the place.
.William Ksefa, former sheriff, it
became known yesterday. Is a can
didate for the place, and those who
are near the city council say that
had Foland not decided to take the
place. Each would be a sure winner.
Nevertheless , Some Laughable
Written for - Armenian Cause
Those at Armenian headquarters!
engaged in the task of examination
of the essays on the Armenian situa
tion handed in by the school chil
dren face a somewhat .difficult but
none the less interesting task in try
ing to select those that show the
highest degree of merit. The dVfi
culty lies in the fact that the quality
of the material is very even, and
only here and there does one
stand out.
The children have taken their
task to heart with commendable se
riousness and the papers show evi
dences of much study, though in
many instances also, there Is evi
dence of a good deal of carelessness,
both in' spelling, grammar and -the
recitation of facts. None so far ex
amined has, attempted to be humor
ous, but there is sometimes a glint
of unconscious hdmor In the turn of
a phrase or the form of in expres
sion. . - v.
It is to be hoped that the lass who
wrote the following quotation did
not feel the discouragement about
the clergy that her words seem to
imply, for instance: "The Chris
tians are beaten to death and the
priests and bishops share the same
i fate." '
A slight chronological entangle
ment is visible when a youngster
writes: "About 1300 B. C. Armenia
was the first nation to embrace the
Christianity as a national religion."
Some of the other papers display
a similar anachronism, but no other
made the Armenian show such a de
gre or foresight as this indicates. .
TOTAL OF $3700
, :
Mud and Rain Do Not Damp
, en Spirits of Teams
Working in City
Directors to Be Asked for In
tensive Work in Behalf of
Salem's total for the Armenian re
lief j fund as reported by the team
workers yesterday is close to $3700,
the exact figure at the hour ft re
port being $3695.84. Captain C. B.
Welch's team, forking In precinct
number 16, has turned in the largest
amount of any bunch of workers, the
team having scored over f 600, with
an apportionment of $450. This pre
cinct, howeriert covers the down town
district, and many names from the
otherj districts were turned over to
this Committee, the call going from
the residence to the place of business.
The teams have one conscientious
and heroic work in the field. Mud
and rain have failed to stop them or
dampen their spirits. -,VThe most
pleasantMkmpaign of this sort 'I have
ever takenart in,'? is the comment
of one worker.
A call has been issued from the
central committee to all school di
rectors of districts immediately con
tiguous to Salem to gather at the
commercial club at 2 p. m. on Satur
day. It is hoped to form from these
directors, who HTe appealed to as tho
leading men of their several com
munities, the nucleus in each district
for intensive work for fhe relief of
the suffering millions. The thought
is to localise all work so far as pos
sible, just as the work is handed
(Continued on page 6)
this Is Not Time for Any Mori
By Anything for the Future, Says Governor, But
American Spirit Must Be One of Supreme Sacrifice
This should be a time of sac
rifice byall classes of Ameri
can citizens, Jn the opinion of
Governor Wlthycombe, and is
not a time for any person to
give thought to laying by any
thing for the future. He, be
lieves that every possible ef
fort should be directed toward
the comfort of the American
soldiers who are called upon
to defend; the nation's vhonor
in the trenchest -
"We should wive, gTve, give,"
declared the governor. "Our
whole desire should be to sup
port our soldiers. There
should not be an Idle person
in, the whole country. Every-'
one should, put forth a su
preme effort tp help-the boys
win the war. This spirit of
sacrifice should be shown in
" manufacture, production ' and
contribution. This fc no time
. for any man to, thinks of laying
Things Appear' in Essays
This Is Worth Reading
The trials of housekeepers with
husbands are numerous enough In
America,. s Any "good wife" will
testify, wqat with the brute coming
in with muddy feet, and dropipng
cigar ashes on the centerpiece. But
the Armenian housewife has . some
thing even more vital ,to complain
about, according to , information
vouchsafed by one of Salem's coming
generatn: "The wemon keep neat
houses, and the men have, the barn
fastened onto the house.". '
Probably nothing gastrnomical was
intended Bvthe lad who writes?
"Assyria is more of.s,desert.V .After
all, who would suppose that a single
s could mae so much difference?
The governmental question proves to
be a chudc hole for many of -the
kiddles, but few have stated the ma.t-1
ter v so sueclntly as the boy who
writes: "The! government of Ar
mena is very poor. In fact they have
no government whatsoever." Anoth
er says: "For many years Armenia
hag been under control of Russia.
Turkey and Persia. So you can see
what kind of ai government they have
been ruled byL" '
. But ill- child fen are In dead earn
est. They have seen the vision of
the starving , and suffering multi
tudes and grasped it; as perhaps
grown-ups could not have done. , In
nearly every essay .these is the ap
peal to "full-blooded -Americans" to
do 'the only tihng that is thlnkably
American save -this nation, ridden
to fhe verge of destruction, perish
ing under the application of the
theory that the only right is might.
England to Draw en Indus
, tries and Organizations
of Home Defense
Exemption of Workers May
Be Only for Shipbuilding '
! Industry
' LONDON, Jan. 17. The house of
commons by a vote of 136 to ,48, to
day rejected an amendment to the
1 man power bill which proposed
to apply conscription to Ireland. .
(Former Premier Asquith expressed
general approval of the. government's
man power measures hilt urged that
the largest number of men consistent
with safety should be withdrawn
from the armies held In England for
home defense to reinforce the fight
ing fronts.' He said the country want
ed to be sure . that the number 'Of
men maintained at home did not ex
ceed the most liberal estimates of
what safety demanded.
Mr. Asquith considered the situa
tion disclosed Jn the speech Monday
of Sir Auckland Gedes, minister of
national service, far too grave- for
recrimination or retort. The ques
tion of man power, he said; was ur
gent a year ago. but today with the
virtual disappearance' of Russia from
the entente allies forces It was still
more urgent. He impressed upon the
house, however, the . necessity of
maintaining a supply of men for
shipbuilding . and asked for a clear
statement of - the government's atti
tude on this point," i. ,
Premier Lloyd George interrupted
to say he would reply at once.
"The government regards it as the
(Connned .on - page .
to Thnk of Laying X
un anything for the future."
Relative - to the numerous
drives that are being made In
the cause of patriotism, th"
governor is of , the opinion that
some organization in the state.,
for example, the state council,
of defense, should pass upon
and endorse every movement
so that the whole people.of the
statemay get behind it.
"This should be done," said
the governor; "to" avoid dupli
cation of funds , or waste of
energy. The drives have been
on for some time, and they are
going to keep jroming. hey
will be on two or three t a
time until the close of thenar.
There is a danger that well
meaning people may inaugur
ate some movement the pur
pose, of - which, can -be covered
by another movement. For
this reason I think that each
should havo- the endorsement
of a central body before it is
besua." . ..
I !
run m
Congress Flooded by Wave cf
Indignation ; Senate in Res
olqtioh Asks Five-Day Sus
pension of Order;
Action in House Blocked by
Objection; Protest Re-"
hewed Today
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17. -A wave
of indignant protest against tho
government's drastic fuel restriction
order, which swept over congress to
day culminated in the adoption, by
the senate tonight, 50 to 19, of a
resolution requesting a five-day sus
pension of. the order. Efforts to r?t
a vote on a similar resolution in the
house ras blocked by objection.
Hour's were spent in stormy debate
in both senate and house, 'members
vehemently characterizing, the far I
administration's step as entail !ccr
'national calamity" and "industrial
paralysis." Partisan lines ' we-e
largely disregarded. , particularly la
the senate, and when it became ap
parent that the order was going into
effect in spite of the senate request
plans were laid for submitting an
appeal directly to President Wilson
"Issuance of the orders tonight
was a great discourtesy to the-sen-ate,"
said Senator Hitchcock, author
of t?- resolution adopted.
Protests Flood Congress. -
Congress, flooded by telegrams cf
protest .from business' interests. gavr
over practically the entire day t-
the subject. " Resolutions requesting
postponement svere -introduced, in
the senate! by Mr. Hitchcock, a pern
oerat, and Republican Leader Gal
linger, and in the house by Acting
Republican Leader Gillet.
It was 6 o'clock and Just abont
the time he fuel administrator";
formal order was mad public th.-t
the senate adopted the Hitchcoc'.
resolution. 0 '
In the house after sharp debate,
1 vole on Representative Gillet's res
olution was prevented by refusal of
Representative Cox of Indiana. Dem
ocrat, to give unanimous consent for
Its consideration.' ..
Action in the .sea ate was delay? I
long enough for Dr. Garfield to, be
summoned to the eapltol and ques
tioned by the senate .manufacture i
sub-committee!" investigating the fii'i
shortage, 'Senator Heed, chairman,
reported that he was not satlsfic 1
with the explanation.
Protect 'Renewed Today.
Renewal, with probably increase I
Intensity, of congressional protest to-
kmorrow is .contemplated, ulthouc'i
after failing to secure action on ni
resolution in the bouse. Representa
tive Gillet said it "was a-closed in
cident." Leaders In the movement for"n
war council to control and direct
general war' policies of the govern-
( Continued on page 2 )
' -
Hawley Finn Awaits Close cl
War to Build on San
tiara River
When the war comes to an end the
Hawley Pulp & Paper company ex
oects to develop water power on thf
Santiam river in Idaripn county and
build a large power plant about a
mile above Gates. This information,
was given by representatives of the
company to Mark Slddall of Salet 1
and Master Fish 'Warden C.lanto,:
when they attempted to: negotiate
with the company for the use of
ground on the-Santlam tor the con
struction of a fish hatchery.
- The -purposes' for which the, pro
posed plant is to be used were not
made known.
The hatchery was provided for b
an appropriation of the last legisla
ture, bnt some difficulty has be n
encountered in lcting a site. Tb
location above Gates Is held to t
ideal, but since a strip of land
the banks of the MreEni is held hj'
tbe Hawley Pulp & riper com pan v.
some difficulty may be had In obtain
ing a site. It Is possihlo that con
demnation proceedings tmay be re
sorted to. . .W':.
t 4