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About The Oregon statesman. (Salem, Or.) 1916-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1918)
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THE OREGON STATESMAN TUESDAY", JANUARY 1. 1017.
MQRMIIC VIEW ISTMEiOF:
1 -COUNT Y EDiMOffiYSTEi
Superintendent Smith and two Rural Sup crvifort Tell of ' Work - Accomplished and
. ' ; Jr ' ; I ". Thing Planned f o r Future Innovations Attract National Attention
HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL
i I I
; IS GIVEN HELP
Practical Motives Guide Ad
ministration of County
Superintendent j' '
' ' ; ' w. c. nopPES. ,
The bis Idea In the policy of
: County Superintendent Smith is to
j fender the greatest- possible amount
of - practical. help t6 every teacher -in
? the county. .To make definite, prog
ress - In teaching proficiency ' each
t month of the school year 1$ the pro
gram r Bet for the , teaching, force of
the county, . ' i ' ,;
.... The. first opportunity offered the
teachers in this program was a rural
teachers' plan day, September 29.
This day, before many school had
ooened, , was devoted ! to making
jlatm for he work of rural schools.
; A uniforms, dally." program of , classes
covering problems had been worked
out and was explained to the teach
ers'. - Speclle directions, i covering
.problemsi in discipline, how; to as
sign - ls.ons. how ; to conduct; reclta
tions and how to conserve .time in an
right grade, one-room school, were
Fiven onT. and discussed. State Su
perintendent Churchill attended this
meeting and spoke on "Adapting the
Course, of Study to Rural Schools."
Prof esaor . Plttman.-head of ' the de
partment of rural schools of the
Oregon Normal school, gave an ad
dress on "The 'Professional Progres
sireness of the Rural Teacher."
Teachers Advise Together.
'". The success of the plan day sug
t'ld-.Jrie plan i-of holding, small.
locVl teachers' meetings every four
or f Ive'weeks at; convenient centers
throueffout the cflunty. Donald.
Woodburn; : Silverfon, Stavton and
Salem aire the centers i selected for
these meet'ngs. l.Durlng. the rest of
the, ear there will . be eighteen or
more opportunities for .the: rural
teachers to meet; discuss In a' frank
and professional manner their proo
Jeras.and exchange their ldeis which
hive .proved successful. .This, plan
enables the superintendent and su
pervisors - to do their work r In the
most efficient and systematic, war.
Fach "meeting is devoted to1 one
phase of the rural teachers' problem;
th teaching of reading, ; language.
e rithmetic. etc. are ; presented, with
fertain definite suggestions for the
improvement of the teaching'of these
rubjeets. During he visits to the
rchool' following -these .meetings,
the snoerintendent or. V supervisor
glv the teacher) any help she may:
ped In' apolyine lth suggestions to
the . work in her school.- Definite
ness ct ' purpose In all supervision
wcrk"" is the Ideal which radiates
frem th superintendent's office. '
In order make the work of these
local metiacs, - more definite, to
reach ' many as -possible of th
teacher's-every; day problems and to
nnlfv: the professional feeling of. the
county's teachlngj orce. s course In
professional reading will be eonduct
rd through these ; meetings. , Two or
more of. the reading circle books
f'ora the state llst will be read
throughout the county. ! :
Slarton County at Front;
, One .of he . most seriously con
"r'dored problems of educators todav
hows to measure , the results of
Inching. Many: normal schools and
college now bm one or more ex
perts -who devote their attention to
reientlf Ic investigation along: t these
lines.'; The result from these Inves
t lotions has been a number of tests
pnd; meurements ; which have been
r tnndardlzed according to the iver
ape abilities of various, grade J of
pupils. A ireat many city systems
cf schools hvevlnsed one or more
of ; these standard tests. Portland
J nerhaps the mos notable example
in tha northwest. The convention of
!ty inperiptendents whlch met In
Kna CitV deroted .practically .the
whole time to the dlscnssloa of tests
: 3t.'.mejuinremeBtC"'. V ; 1 - :
Iloro agiln l7,rJon connty. ii In
' v front rnfr. of educstional oroa:
i hi. 1 On all the available; tables, of
sult. from standard tests there
"Bvnot Ifliwar; any 'record of- a
"ntx1 Sf .-schaiol. yet there, are
s -.of ', ity i systems ' recorded.
' county, however, has had a
'Hj wd systefnatic measnre-nt'-nWlt
if read in and aHth
; The individual scores in these
4 wo 4 jects :or: four thousand puoils
1 1 s,xth.';eventh and f eighth
-adt r.t tjie,Vo-qnty,ar on file in
"rtntendfnTs Office. I More
""'"' mts ottbeee tests will be
-nnonnr. :.ittej;V:,' - - . . -
rnp-rlfis.-e,! SmUh.pUns to ar-
a t.iecQunty an oppor
v" t!:s work af at least
lynchers Mho has
to rrteet. ThU 6oe
! f spected, to -result !
' tie time spent!
a county , bolhi
"ve shown -an J
!" t r titl
-. ; Tt
Criticism of Former Years
Eliminated by Up-to-date
By J. i W. L. SMITH '
Before the year of 1911. there was
much criticism of rural school con
ditions in Marion county. . A mass of
expensive, unusable equipment had
been acquired through unreliable
agents. This equipment consisted
laregly of expensive charts, planetan
turns, out-of-date maps and some
worthless books. , However, these
fchools whosej jboards have been
careful, were provided with good
equipment. There was a lack of ery
necessary supplies, each as good
blackboards, small up-to-date dic
tionaries, crayons, erasers and sup
Teacher Needed Advice.
Perhaps the -most aerious criticism
was based on the faet that all inex-
perlended teachers began teaching
in the one-room schools. 5 Here they
were compelled td meet many trials
of the achool-room : alone with no
chance to get the advice that the ex
perienced teacher fa the itr schools
could get from, the city principal. Af
ter a teacher had acquired some ex
perience in the rural school and prov
ed her , worthy she was elected to
tome super city school and placed un
der., the efficient supervision of the
city superintendent.! ,
Freqtient change of teachers, coupl
ed with these otherdefects, led many
parents to leave the! country in order
to get better Ischool advantages In
the city. It is claimed that four fam
ilies out of efery five leaving the
farm do so fr this reason alone.
One . result of such Conditions led to
the false idea that the main purpose
of an education Is to get a living
without work. Those who complain
of inefficient farm labor and the .
W. W. movement trfce it tQ this one
idea.: Thinking people began to try
to change the objectionable condi
tions. The legislature was asked to
provide the legal means .and In 19H
passed the supervisory law. jThls law
provides for frequent visits to the
schools by a regularly appointed of
ficial whose duty it Is to unify the
sco hoi work and assist the teachers
to bring each school up to its high
est efficiency, i To do ithis. cooper
eration.ou the part of teacher, pat
ron and directors must' be secured.
It is also the intention, as. expressed
by the law, to bring each school
close to the homes of its patrons and
make it render real service thern.
One of the prominent ways of doing
aia is mrougn tne Indusrtial work.
Kaperrlnion Urine HomuHh.
Six prominent results of rural sup
ervision in Marion county are:: -
1 No teacher need blunder along
with a lot of mistakes in methods, in
organization or: cooperation with the
bchool board or patrons.
2. The school equipment is much
better and far moral usable.
: 3." The sanitary conditions com
pare favorably ! with thoae in .the
home. ' ! x
4.-.; Many of the teachers are using
methods that are equal to the best
found in the cities. )
6. More teachers with good train
ing are staying; In the rural schools.
' 6. The rural .community- inter
ests are awake as shown oy the num
ber of Parent-teacher! associations.
In 1911 there were; none, and now
there are forty br more.
I-" Duty Owed To Community
. The duties of the rural ischool will
become more important and the de
mands placed upon it greater In h
5xtiw ears-' JF wb of these dutle
stand out prominently ' at t present.
Every school should help solve the
business and cwimmunltir illfe proo
lema of its patrons. Every pupil
should have sufficient industrial ex
perience to make him at ! least self
sustaining. It s the business of the
stjiool to inake efficient; citizens.
There is a health education as well
as a mental education. Good health
depends largely on sound teeth, eyes
ear and throat Proper nurishment
most nave attention also. The intro
ducatlon of the! hot lunch Ik only the
The rural school must
more than evert before, j lt
acate tne health. Industry
and efficient citizenship!.
:;-,',;:" - t - i.
td inward Effect of humors are
worse than the outward. They en
dan ger the whIe system. - Hood's
Sarsaparilla eradicates all humors,
cures all their Jnward and outward
effects. . It Is ruhe great alterative
and tonic. ;rwhese merit has been
everywhere established. -
X One of the leadin g ' architects ' on
the coast is -Ffed4: 'AJ Legg of this
city, : Mr, Legg nas designed ! manv
of the . larger and - more important
buildings Jn Salem and surrounding
country. He designed all. of the
school-buildings in the city that are
of, later, constrttction. excepting the
jcKlnley school building;- :
'(- ."Am one th later' hnlMlnM ii
Vr, Legg has designed are the Roth.
wuiis, "arrar ana . imren, also -the
girls' ,: dormitory ; and the addition
to the? dining room and kitchen at
the state institution for feeble mind
ed While there are not as many
'1aInr3, eonteciplated ftr the com.
1 Year- ps. .there, has bcan during
rears.- yet jMr' Legg
on tLa .
PLAN OF YEAR
County Schools, Strive
; Teach Thrift, Courtesy
By WALTER M. SMITH.
. There are three things which the
schools of Marlon-county are es
pecially striving for thi year. They j
are tne teaching of thrift, courtesy
; f Th necessity ' for saving should
be) impressed upon the minds tf
children at all times, and especially
during the war.
We feel that if courtesy ls: taught
In, 'the schools, it. will be an as-t.
of Incalculable value to the pupilj
in after life.
When one hears the students; sin
patriotic songs and . salute the: flag
he may: doubt their real patriotism
but when J he sees ' them enlist in
large ; numbers . from ;our I high
schools and volunteer o," do what
ever the government isks them to
do, no one can doubt that patriot
ism Is being taught with a' marvelous
degree of success. Vii
i .Attendance nMordr High. "
During the past three j years the
per cent of attendance in the schools
has been 95. W are proud that
Marion county has helped lace Ore
gon at the head of the list In the
United States for best attendance
The pupils feel that their prosresa
depends in large measure on their
regular attendance at school. - .
Our ; schools have distinguished
themselves ' In the industrial club
work, i They won the first prize for
the best exhibit at the Oregon, State
fair. The enrollment? in this -work
was larger than that Qf any othe
county in the state, totaling over
1500. ;The following Industrial 'club
members won the first prize in the
state wide competition and-; will go
to the; Oregon Agricultural college
summer school for two weeRa, their
expenses feeing paid by nrominectj
business men or ;tortiana: tr . :
William Blake. Jr., Kelzer Tkhool,
corn growing. K "
Thelma Boettger, Auburn school,
Frank Eggler, Ftultland echool
pig; raising. - ' v. ; " - -
Madison iNichols, Bethel achool,
pig raising. .''.;' iy K
Alice Jaquet. Victor Point school
dalrv herd record keeplnr.
- A wonderful stimulus-was given
to pig "ralsnr In Marlon , county,
when the United State Nationa
hank offered to loan $1000 to lvr
and girls who would care for on
t Mr. O. W. Kvre. vice pres'dent
of the bank.' backed the movement
not orilT with money, hut with tlm
in Ivslting schools; bringing the ni
iM hor toeether. then encouragi-
the bov to make a heg, of the pljr
as ouickly as possjble. ;
Mr. Kvre rave the members of h'
vg club a trin .to Portland to vli
the stock yards. FUty-six ooys an
girls took this trip.
- Value of Tnltlon I w rhwii. ;
The high school attendance ha
rrown with lea-ps and bounds since
the passage cf the county .tuition
lnw. A. county fud U created by
this law from wh tuition of
non-resident nnn'l fif-ndang stan
dard high schools in the county lf
paid. Thns an equsl owoortunlty I
given the country "v d rirls tr
get a high school edif-tn that for
merlv was entoyed only W those 1
h ritv. Kollowlnr is a 'list of th-
standard high Iscboolf, and the num
ber of students attenaing eacn:
Ralem ... ...... . . -
RMverton -. . . ...... .
Sts vton . . .
Scotts Mill' . . . .
Turner- .. '. .
Total - A. . ........ ..1351
The deciding factor in the succe-s
of a school Often Is determined by
the lntefwst the community take'
n it. Fortv dlstHcU have regular
i organised Parent teacher assocla
tlons holding regular meetings an
discussing not only school progrei
but other topics of so-cial interest
to the community. Other d'strlc
re carryiffe' on community wrv
through the debating club, literary
society, etc.-.':. i -.-..' '. v '
"Marion county was ono of thr
first In the state to formulate a n'a
for standardixtng rural schools. Now
every school la striving to win th'
sHrs on i the sUndardlzstlon rnr
which, nangs 1n every school. When
all twelve points have been won. the
school is a standard school and e
plate bearing the inscription "Stan
dard School," - is placed tover the
door." i . ' " "',
' HUrh RtaiwlaM Is Ret.
Following are the retirement
for a standard school for the -ye'
1917-18: t - ."
Flag'Mnst be firing on all achoo
davs. '- :,'-,; -. C" '
, : Uchtlng The total ; amount o'
window space mnt equal at leas
une-flfth of the floor snace. and the
light must come only from the left
or from the left and the rear of th
room.' V rv-. !;-::': ' '-; -,H
Eq ulpment Teacher's . desk and
chair:' desk fhr pupils pmuerlv
adapted and placed; suitable TjUcIc
boardsj window shades In good condition.-..
sJ:": ''.'' V'"--- .'"'i:
T"- - - ; a -Ventilating Jack:et
- - ",-artf"" or
"The Littte Princess"
from the book by t
- " '' ' 1 .' ' :.l - ' ."'.-.'
FRANCES HODGSON BURNETT
You have all road ahout "Sarah
Crewe" and you all loved her, but
".Mary " makes her even more pa-.
thetie, more laughable and; inore
lovable. We dare say that)' The.
Little Prineess" is even a greater
picture than "Rebecca of Sunny
hrook Fann." I .
some other-approved method of ven
tilating, Roome -Attractive at all .times.
Standard Picture One new one,
unless three J are alrcaCy in the
Grounds To be clean, free .from
paper, etc. At least three feature?
of play apparatus. , Walks, : if nec
essary.? 1 '',-:..'. . '-.: '
' Sanitation J'nre drinking water,
either drinking, fountain or covered
tank and individual drinking cups;
individual, family or paper, towels.
Outbuildings At least, two good
ones, to be sanitary at all times and
fre from marks. " v". . : :'
Teacher Mast-maintain good or
der at all times; supervise play
ground ; have (her work well pre
pared; follow state course of study;
take at least one education al jour
nal; have program posted in tooth;
keep register ingood condition; be
neat in attire, j-! -
Library Good ; selection of at
least 100 books from state list. Part
1 . excluding duplicates. Case , for
the books, liooks; kept upright in
good " condition, and recorded ac
cording to the rnles specified by the
Oregon State library ; and required
by law. - -, -'"-..', ,".; s ' :'
- Attendance r-Average 92 per cen,
for the year and not to ev.ceed 2 per
cent in tardtnestper year.
School Visits At least one direc
tor must 'visit the i school ..for 4 on"
hour each month while, the school
is In session. , ," ' . '
-, AsMlstknce ' Given .Govertiraent.
The schools '; rendered aluable
service to the' government during
the recent rood conservation ram
nalgn. The bulletins wsre , ktudied
by, teacher and pupils ,an such n
campaign of education was carried
on that nearly every distrkt in i th-9
county signed up 100 per cent. The
teachers of Marlon count, v are loyal
to the government in this time of
great need and, they are wiring to
help In any way theyfcan to win1 the
war so that the money that is beln
spent for war may be spetft to give
every. boy and girl a good. education
whirb mean opportunity. . ...
The last annual teacher meet'ng
went on record as favoring, the coun
ty as a unit for taxation' and alsv
for the- administration - of -": our
school. This coupled with "more
equitable method of apportIonmftnt
of school funds would mean greato
progress for'ipur schools. . .
Marriages Run Far Head
' of Divorces Daring Ytar
The number of marriages In Ma
ion county has run far ahead of the
'lumber of divorces, according; to
gures Aat are available In the of
ice of County Clerk Boyer. The rer
rds show , that a, total of seven.ty
our divorce cases have been: filed
luring th year. The total, number
f mrrto-e ftr the twelve mnth
'ncluding the five latest ones of yes
erdav, is 3R7. "
Suits ot nH klndn filed in the cir
cuit court during the year total 454
nd of this number thirty-five have
been criminal cases. : v
OUR JTTJTKT OFFKR TH IS and "
DONT MISS '.THIS. Cut out thM
illp, enclose with 5 cents to Foley &
"!o., 2835 Sheffield Ave.. Chicago.
Tll.. writing ysur name and address
clearly. You will receive In return
'rial package! containing 4 Foley'
Honey and : tar' Compound.' for
roughs, colds aid croup. Folei Kid
ney Pill and t-oley Cathartic TaV
ets. J. C. Perty. . ' . f v
:. 'J 7"-'
Hotel ProprieUr-l-And may I ask
what the little contrivance Is viu are
carrying? f ?; ,
Visitor -That ih this Is. my pri
vate fire escape. V 'i
i Hotel -PreprletorV-TJm. Arell. we
hv ,a. rul hers? with reference .to
vnests with fire' iwio. ' t t rH
la advance. --fiatutdaj Journal. ,
rt 1 :
- lThe OREtSONlJ
-.'. tv ; - -. . i ....
A mm AND F JSPEROUS MEW EfiG
We truly thrdc you for the pi you have taken in making cur lint year ihz
great success it Wat and we fcl szre that you fcaye appreciated our J efforts to
give the VERYJ5EST OF SH0ISZRVICE, including courteous treat itnt, nev
'styles, right fiUmi, hiihest Lh. coupled wilh'1vesrPricesr'. VJjT llnz
go toward making up for
m . T . J nnA( Y
. Ktore irom one seasoi
t . oi i tKtsrt.
stock. r f '
nnveo nnflnc :
SILKS, , I
f - M
v i a. r wn ni Minn i-wiiii. )! --!-
.- Wo 're -ijok toake tl.'ej iannary qjrnmnrc S r the grratcxt of f m oh. h nas
Gorsetb Biirt'Wris'NofeQMjmd. Fanci) Goods,
LadlV anfe iiilen's SlrS . ; ;
ill 4 . . i wT
Join the Bed Cror
. - t .
beji yoa xe;
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9 . m
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NEW YEAR RIGHT
eiici 13 oe :
t . y : I
.t - -
J. B. LITTLER, Mgr.
!... .1. - .
k rCOHOJKil, CtLIOHTrOX, LIGHT ACX TO
; .. . , y , : . - " ; ; I
. I i mm - -
III .11. ktMnin - ;tt IhA UaaI, ItM VflrC
iL a-ill offcfyou hundreds of thinfr that yoi cfi use many
uPHyou. : ; In the
Ili,Wy iiccausc we ,nt have Ucy;nU W fr Spnng
:h If.' i ' i ;!
Spcfijilan Every Department f
, ltJfiJM V t -
i ViESS SUITS,
JrSTTICOATS, v ,
' l e -mtB '
I I - 111
' ! 4 f
BWEATES COATS, .
SCARFS aid CAPS,
LADIES' gad CHILDREN'S
is? - :.
.Idicr Eoja ,