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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1871)
OKFIylAI, PAPEtt FOR CLACKAMAS COUXIT.
iSraon $ity, Greg 5u ,
"Friday : : : lYEay 12, 1371.
Ffllsa Conclusions Coirecttd!
Some cnmmcntai.ors upon the lab-Franco-Prussia
war. n-ctnated "by motive
Easily understood, have asserted, that the
triumph of Prussia over Franc, was si
victory of intelligence over ignorance
the Earl of Granville, in England, is iv
ported to have made use of a similar 're
mark. . , The sophistry ot such asfnions
ought to be too plain to deserve n ifie
yet we find such gronndless opinion
prevalent among thoHc people who ac
'cept the ideas or assertions ot scribblers
for facts, mid pass -sentence without a
qneethtti Upon any and all topics upon
whkrh they chance to think, by simply
adopting the fallacies of tho prulessiuiutl
"BttlfTers, who presume to shape public sen
timent without a reason, except fW cre
dulity of the followers! To show how
erroneous are the assertions of those
.who Hay Vhat -Prussia 'succeeded by intel
ligence and France lost by ignorance, let
. us.comoare notes and refer to facts of
history, known to all the reading part of
mankind. When Napoleon the I. over
ran all Europe with French armies, was
t French intelligence that made them and
liim victorious in a hundred battles '
Prussia and Austria have similar systems
of schools and education and of course.
are about equal in intelligence ; then was
it Prussian intelligence that mule Pru-si.t
victorious over Austria in lSbl. ? The
Goths. Iluns and the savage hordes of the
Nortli overthrew the classic empire of
Rome, with all its elegance and refine
meni ; was it. barbarian inlelhgenre that
made the savage heathens victorious over
the refined and educated Romans? Was
!t American intelligence that gave Vis our
independence in 177G and 'SI nnd victory
in 1812 and rlt? Was our system of
education and means of intelligence
f up"erior to those of England in those days?
The answers to these questions and a
moment's reflect io a will prove at once
that all such theories 'are groundless;
skill in the use of weapons, a determina
tion to conquer, and numbers, brute foreot
succeeded as a general rule, though'
" The race is riot ahviffs to the swift, nor
the battle to the strong.' What motive
the Earl qf Granville had in making siich
a remark, we, o! course, cannot positively
fptiak, but there are others, whose mo
tives we can readily understand. Radical
hevspapers promulgated this idea to
flatter the German voters in the Unied
States, as the fox praised the musical
powers Of the crow, when he saw a
prospect df spoilt. The crazy advocates
of free S-hools" will, no doubt mint to
educated Pr issta to trove th ti education
makes men scientific and successful
butc'ters. b t they will forget Alar.e. the
Visgoth and Ghengis Kh in ! The colored
troops fought nobly." so said our loyal"
papers, during our late - unpleasantness ;"
toas it their intelligence that caused theiu
to light nobly"' ? Is if superior in'elli
gence that -induces Grant and Cultures-: to
supervise the eleC'ion in cities and to aid
and protect by unwarrantable legislation
the same intelligent ? (nigger) at 'he ex
jtense of the U. S. . Treasury ? It seems
strange that the tame papers, the same
men and theorists, who one d iy proclaim
that 44 knowledge is tower," will the nex
day advocate the encoin agement ci
heathen immigration and universal social
nnd political equality without, regard to
intelligence or education ' Jt is singular
that the wildest fanatics on the sublet o
" free schools" are in favor ot subjecting
Americ-ur intelligence to the domination o;
half civilized Chinese, unlettered nogroe
fcnd mongrel barbarians generally J
These theories are all humbugs, they have
no foundation in facts ; then- authors ar.
hypocrites and are only attempt imj to sei
fheir sails to catch every breeze of po .n
Par favor J A moment s reflection, as we
Said before, will convince any rational
being that there is no sincerity in the
authors ol such' theories! The ideas ol
'" cheap labor." free schools. social
equality of races, projection, superior
German intelligence, solicitude cboii
school funds and the interest taken in re
gard to universal education by many
are promulgated by person., who. either
do not consider the inconsistency of theii
professions; by dupts. who see only
. what they are shown and taught, or else
by reckless adventures, who wish to line
Otipon the ignot'ahce and credtdity of thost
v'hose intelligence they so much prtttud
President Giant has so gracefu'Iv
thrown the whole an l)omin;o annexa
tion matter upon the Senate, and left it
for the people to decide and the Senate
to act upon, that prejudice is disarmed
and' the bitterness of Sunnier and the
great hopes of James .K.. Kelly have
together fallen to the ground. tyut'esuaut
Yes, he has vorj' gracefully thrown ihe
xliole matter on the Senate. Alter he
found that his little speculation could not
!3e carried though he imitated a swine,
and now leaves the Radical Senate in a
dileroma out of w Inch it cannot extricate
itself vritb-oiri. either breaking up die Radi
cal party or branding lire Pie-ident as a
speculator in San Domingo-lots. That is
very graceful" indeed. W e like the
word. Its funny as well as rich, rare and
racy. But Clarke must occasionally sa,
homethingin tehtilfof the Piesiden!. or
he might lose the. printing of 'he U. S
laws, and he got off the above for the bui
of the thins. It is uncharitable for you
tqpoke such sticks ai the groat calculator
of the price of "lots."'
IU:prcTioV ok the Dkt. Our Radical
friends have much to say about the re
ductiorfof the National debt. They don't
take into consideration that this reduction
V is made throrrgh- the forbearance of an
ever-taxed people. The Government col
lects two dollars, where it reduces the
b r. debt one. The people deserve the credit
for the reduction of the debt and by n0
means the Administration.
o- Resignations. We see it stated that
I JnAr r,vse was bott to lesiin. and also
4 tfcftt Jacg) Trim ia.easivd, to do so.
K-,:yj ,. . . . -"Sv, " 1".
The Uadical pajters of late have much
to say about --accepting the siruaiion."
If the Democracy were to meekly accept
the situation brought about by the Radi
cals. 1 at necessity would there be for
lie organ iza ioti ? No. the Democrats
do not rccept the situation, nor does the
majority ef fife American people. Th;
.rand change's which look place last fall.
nd which are con-tinualiy faking place in
he conn ry. are positive evidence that the
eople do not accept thesituati brought
.bout by the Radical usurpers. The
')einocrcy. however, propose lo let the
eop!e change the situation by "the ballot,
vviiieh was forced upon ibra at the poiti1
if the bayonet. The amendments fo
vhich the Radicals desire ihe pledge o
tie Democracy, were made by fraud and
iorce. Not more that one-lourth of th
.States ever accepted the situation as pm
vided by the Constitution. The Southern
Sta-'es were fotcd at the point of the bay
onet. and many ot the Northern States ac
cepted this situation through Legis'a
titles which had been elected before the
questiitn was submitted to the people.
We will take the great State of Ohio. The
Legislature which ratified the amendment
was elected before the question caine be
fore the public, and the following Legis
lature, alter the 1 1th and 13th amendments
were adopted by deception in that S:ate.
was Democrat re. But We have a case in
our own midst and need not. go away
from home to show the frauds perpetrated
by Radical officials to obtain the accept
ance of the situation. The Legislature
which was elected in IStit. long before
these amendments were before the people,
and further, when the Democracy charged
in the campaign th'at it was the pro
gramme of the Radicals to incratt into
the Federal Coastitiuum the very laws
which they have, they were told that it
was false, that the Republican party had
no desire to force negro suffrage on any
State. 'The Oreijn-itimt at that time denied
that this was the object and desire of its
party. Rut Congress passed the amend
ment after the Radicals succeded in car
rying the State by their denial of their
true intent, and no sooner had Congress
pns-ed this infamy, than we find our truly
loyal Governor calling the Legislature in
Special session to adopt it. and the people
never had a chanceeither to accept or re
ject the infamous act. as it was most, posi
itwiy denied in the campaign as a 113 part
of the Radical programme. No more posi
tive proof is needed that they did not en
dorse the amendment than the fact that the
very next. Legislature was Democratic,
and more, the entire State went Demo
cratie, but the peijury and rascality ot
the Ri.dicul managers counted out the
Democrats fiom thfir justly entitled
places. I he j;opZ" have never accepted
ihe situation, and the hope of the country
is in the fact that they never ui;l. The
1 tws which our Radical Iriends wish us to
accept, will Stand in all future history as
disgraeelul monuments ot Radical rule,
and become a terror to the people against
ever trusting that patty again in power
wnich could so far forget the duties they
owed to the.r con ti 1 ry . No. the Demo
cracy wili never "accept the situation.''
and the more' the people become acquaint
ed with the infth of this matter, the more
readdy I hey lull :nto -l,e ranks ol the
i"nric racy . These uinehduioiits. protec
tive tariil's usurpation, cot ru ption. annex
ation and all ihe other damnable acts of
I tie Rad.cil pa.ty will never be accepted
as reai i'ies bv ihe people, and we need
00 belter .'Vld.-liCe than ihe expressed
voice of the masses at the ballot box last
f id. V in"i ihe Democracy attempts to
to accept the situ atloti brought aloiit by
.lie Rait cais. its usefulness will be at an
end and the ;eopic will have no need tor
M::" Chanok. &c " A few' short years
aro. the pi'i sent editor of the Oi tyouiun
exaaust. d ;rll his hea vy " a Oi t'rt ies in de
ceiving ihe people with the false profes
si ns ot his par y, that it did not desire to'
con cr 1 e tight ofsttilV. oii the negroes.'
Now he devotes about his entire time in
his heavy" effort to prove (hat the Demo
cracy wi.l take away the suffrage from
the niggers should they get, into power.
He was telling a I tils hood when he said
I.at the Radicals would not give suffrage
to the negi oes ; and w e apprehend thai
i he people will Coi clude that he is not
telling ;l.e it nth now. Six. years ago. (af
ter the war) the Urnjoni'cn was one of ihe
strongest advocates against itegio suffrage.
Now its main' plank is negro suffrage.
Wo;:k rot: thk Mayok. We have mtide
several sugges ions in this issue in regard
to our city charter, and we hope the May
or and Council will examine info the mat
ters mentioned. We have tried" to find
amendments' to justify the innovations
which have been m ide. but have been tin
ab'.e to do so. Unless there are some
amendments on the subjects, we have no
legally elected City officers, and we hope
that some of our inhumed gentleman will
look th'.s mailer up.
Dkoioht i VAi.ifdK'M v :T. 11. Cann.
K?q.. ol the S ate Lai d Department, has
lately received a letter tioiu a brother
who lives in Yolo county. Caiilornia.
thirty tmlcs from Sacramento, ami writes
that he had 400 acres in wheal which has
actually dr.ed up with the drought and
tieen blown away by the Nor h winds so
ha; ih,. fields are entirely bare. lie had
loot! had oi hogs for which fie was offered
i it head all round, before the draught,
and now he cannot give them away. The
effect in this State is actually fearlnt.
How is it Doxk ? We find in the city'
charter a provision that the School Super
intendent shall be elected on the first
Monday in Aprill every three years. How
it 1 hat !; was elected on the first Mon
day in May?' The .piestion we do-ire to
:'s'k is Dr. bare lay S'tpei rhtendenl or Mr.
NT.ci.u. Skssiox. The Senate met in
special session on the 10'h inst. It is
Called together to consider the treaty nf
the j"irit high commission, and other Ex
ecutive busbies?. Ii would not be surpris
ing if ihe President did not concoct a
little plan by which a treaty for the an
nexation of the nijrger republic was pass
ed. It is his only show to put it throiorli
when 110 one is wa'ching hirrr."
Conn tc riCUT. The Radical Legislature
of Connecticut have co'inted Gov. Eng
lish cm' and declared Jt-well and the
rest of th- Uadrcil licket elected. This
wa dvu by tAiiet yarty vwl.
The Lock Question.
In the ITernhl ot the 5th inst.. we find a
long ami labored article in justification of
the Legislature for passing the west side
lock bill. The principal grounds taken
in the article are. that the P. T. Co.
did not propose to construct similar locks
to those ot tije,Villamette Lock Company;
that their charges for passing boats were
different, and that it provided for the pay
ment of S125.U0U out of the interna,
improvement fund during the course O;
To show that the Herald is misled in
ihe whole matter, we here produce th.
proceedings in the House oa the subjec
oy which it will be seen that an injustic
was committed, and. instead of the P. '1
Company's bill being different from ih.
V illameite Lock Company's proposition
die truth is, the P. T. Company propose.'
10 accept the west side bill for the sum ot
oluS.O'JU. The bill was passed in connec
ion with the Portland subsidy act. and
wiih the aid of Radical votes. It is a
well known fact that fJen Holladay tele
graphed to Salem for two of the Multno
mah county Representatives to vote tor
this, bill, us it came from the Senate. '
Had they net done so, the subsidy
bill would have been defeated. It was
not our purpose- to have ever alluded to
.this m ater again, but we cannot consent
10 allow certain parties to shoulder this
iliiug on ihe Democratic tarty, and hav
ing. heretofore opposed ihe west side kick
bill, we feel it our duty to show that we
were acting for the interest of the people.
And as we believe a great pnllic
wrong, has been committed, we protest
against it being made a tarty matter.
Following are the official proceedings
pertinent to Uie subject, and we ask ihe
reader to give tht m a careful considera
tion. And we might as well here state
that the P. T. Company had no bill befoie
the Legislature after Thursday. Sept. tZ.
as ii was iheii referred to a special Com
mittee, which strangled it, and never
allowed it to come back again 1
The hour of 'J o'clock having arrived,
beiitg special order, Mr. McClain, chair
iii.t.i of the committee 10 whuiii vv s re
ferred S. R. No. 12, asked further lime to
Mr. Olney moved that the committee"
have until 2 o'clock P. M. The yeas and
navs were demanded by Messrs. Ilaydeti
and Helm. The motion was lost. eas 20:
nays 23. So the committee were refused
Mr McUtain. chtiirm in of the committee,
made a majority report:
Your committee to whom was referred
S. 15. No. 12. bog leave to report ihe same
back w ith the following amendments : in
Section 5. s rike out the words " net
protits.' and insert gross proceeds."
.Mr. Apperson. one of the committee on
S. 1. No. 12. submitted ihe following
minority report :
I he undersigned, minority of the special
committee, to whom was referred S. H.
No 12. providing tor the consirueiion of
locks ai the fails of ihe Willamette river,
wotiid repoi t ',hat ail appointment was
made for a rhecting of the committee, but
up 10 a late hour the majority of the com
mittee did not appear, and consequently
no coulerence was held until This morning,
when ll was agreed to ask for luiher t.me.
The undersigned, as minority, would re
port that a bt7i(i fide proposition has been
submtuiiied by ihe Peop'e's Transporta
tion Company, by bill (ll. 1J. No. 10;. pro
posing to construct locks at ihe Willamette
Fulls lor the sum of one hundred and
twenty five thousand dollars, and give
simple bonds for the pel I01 mace ot the
woilc. 1 he minority ot your committee
can see 110 jiisi reasons why litis proposi
tion should be disregarded and a subsidy
granted to another company for seventy
live thousand dollars tijote than is asked
or 1 oqnt ed.
The minority of your committee would
therefore recommend that the following
amendments be adopted :
1st Amendment s
Strike out the first part of the preamble
to the second "whereas' and amend by
inserting the following as'
Slciion 1. 'J hat ihe Governor be and
is hereby authoiized ami required to ad
voriise lor sealed proposals lor the con
struction ol locks at The falls ot the Wil
lamette rhor. in accordance with the pro
visions heremaf tor sei forth; and the com
pany proposing to do Ihe Work for l tie
least aim. nut ol money shall leceive the
contract by entering into bonds lor its
faithful completion, as hereinafter set
Amend by striking out "the Willamette
Falls. Canal and Lock Company'' wher
ever it may ocourr in the bill, and insert
such corporation as may receive the con
tract.'' .Mr. Hare moved the adoption of the
Amendment offered by the majority. The
yeas and nays were 'hen dem inded by
Me.-sts. Helm and Harden, and the motion
was lost. ; jeas 20; nays. 24. (Messrs.
En-hart. O Reagan and Whalley voting
wiih Ihe majority.)
Mr. Apperson called for the reading oi
the report of the minority, and the peti
titiii of ihe citizens ol Clackamas county,
lemonsti attng against the passage ol the
bill, both ol which were read Mir. Ap
person moved ttie adoption of the amcud
meni accompanying the minority report.
Mr. Apperson having referred to Mr.
Whalley " former speech, in which he pre
ferred charges against Ihe members from
Clackamas CottiiiV. as being Ittla ritonsl v
lalse." Mr. Whalley demanded that the
words ot Mr. Apperson be taken d jwn by
Hie Cb-rk, and ihat he be i t quired to
Tt'-e question being on the adoption ot
the Minority report, t he roll was cal ed,
and resulted hi ihe negative ; yeas. 11 ;
nay s ;52.
Mr. Ca I isle offered the following amend
ment : Procidi'il. That a? ihe end of the
ime designated when the State is audior
i.i-d to take pos.-ession of said hicks, the
State shall only pay said cotupany the
value thereof in excess o' the whole
amount paid by the Slate under the pro
visions of llt't aet. and the whole atno'itr
paid by the State under the provisions oi
j this act shall be paid into the common
. ... I fTL. L., 1 .
scnooi num. Jtns veaa mm oi were
demanded, and ihe amendment was
lost ; yeas, 21 ; nays. 22.
Mr. Dorris moved to amend section 4
by striking out two hundred thousand,"
ami inserting "one hundred and iweniy
tie thousand." The yeas and nays were
demanded, and the motion lost. Yeas. 17;
Mr. U'hitaker moved that the bill be
onleted to a third reading now. which
tnniou prevailed, and the bill was read a
third time. I h question then being.
shall the bill pass." The yeas and nay s
were called and the bill passed! Yeas.
28; nays. 15. Three Republicans voting
for the bill, and three Democrats agaiirsi
Mr. McClain (who bad-voled for the
bill) gave noiice that within three Kays he
would make a iootin to reconsider the
vote by which ihe bill passed.
It will be seen from the above, that the
Legislature refused to allow the Governor
to let the contract to the lowest bidder;
.and they refused to specify that the Statu
would cuiy j) ay fur taw lucks the euia
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA,
over and above the f 200.000 of their
value when tbe-State shill be authorized
to take them; and they further relused to
insert gross receipts in place of " net
profits." It will also be seen the talk
that the P. T. Company did not propose
to con3tructsimilar locks to fhose of the
Willamette Company, is simply bosh, us
ihe a"bove proceedings show the minority
report proposed to insert in this very bill
he name of the P. T. Company in place
f Willamette Lock Company. We differ
i'rom both the Democratic papers, who
aave championed this matter, and the
Radicals. The Radical papers charg.
fiat it was passed far the "bom fit jf parii
ans. while the truth is. that without Dave
t'hompson in the Senate, the west sid
til. would never have" been passed, am
te is Ihe leading Radical in this county
ud has become rich on j11 s,ich I,,ck
lags lrum Ihe Federal ami 1;lte ffovern
ineuts, and we propose to hold him and
his party equally responsible for this
" public wrong."
Address of JTX-m JcraUc Congressmen
to the People of the United States.
To th" People of Ihe ihvte'i Mates: Our
presence and official duties at 'Ahasington
have enabled us 10 become fully a -qainied
wnh the actions and designs ol tho.-.e who
control the Radical party, and we feel
cal led -1111011 to u ter a t'e-7 words of w arn
iug against she alarming strides they have
made toward the centralization til power
in the hand -of Congress and the Execu
tive. The time ami attention of the Kadi
cal leaders have been almost wholly dl
tectetl to devising such legislation as will,
in their' view, best pieseive their ascen
dency, and no regard tor the wise re
straints imposed by the Constitution
checked .heir tvckiess and desperate
-.tie President oi t lie United States
bas been form il'y announced as a candidate
for re-election. T he declarations ot his sei
tish supporters have boon echoed by a
subsid.ed press, and ihe. distipline ol
parly has aleidy made adhesion to his
persona! fortunes the supreme test of po
litical tealiy. The partisan legislation to
which we refer was decreed and shafted
in secret caucus where the extreme.-!
Counsels al way s. don.i.tated ami w is adopt
ed by a subservient majority ll not with
the n tun. certainly with lite effect, to
place in tbe hands of the President towel
to command hi:-, own renominat ion and to
employ the army, navy ami miiitia. at his
sole discretion, as a means ot stihs.-u ving
his personal ambi.ioti. When the sad ex
pcnciiee ol the last iwo years, so dtsaj.t
pointing lo the hopes and generous couii
deuce of the country, is considered, in
connection with the violent utterances
and harsh purposes of those who control
the 1 resident's policy, it is n t surprising
that the gravest apprehensions lor the
future peace of the notion should be en
tort ai net I.
Ai the time when labor is depressed,
and every material i iterest is palsied by
oppressive laxaiion, the, pub.ic ofbs
have boon multiplied beyond, all prece
dent to serve as instruments in the per
petuation of power. Partisanship is the
o dy test applied to the distribution oi
this vast patronage. Honesty, fitness and
moral worth are openly discarded in fa
Tor of truckling submission and dishonor
able compliance ; hence enormous delal
cations and wid . spread corruption have
lot low i'd as the natural consequences of
this pernicious system. Uy the official re
tort of Ihe Secretary of the Treasury it
appears that after the deduction of ail the
proper credits many millions of dollars re
main due from ox Clleetors of the inter
nal revenue, and that no proper diligence
has ever been used to collect ihetn.
Retoi friers, in the revenue and fiscal
sys.etns. which all experiences demons! rate
to lie nece.-sary to a frugal attm nistrution
of ihe Govetiiment. as a measure of relict
to an overburdened people, have been
persistently postponed or wiifuiiy fog
lecied. Congress now adj turns without
oven having attempted to reduce taxation
or lo repeal the g. tiling impositions by
which industry is crushed ami .impover
ished. The Treasury is ovet llov. it'g. and
an excess of eighty m l! ion dollars ot reve
line is admitted; and yet, instead of some
measure of present relief, a barren and
debt-aye resolution is passed by the Sen
ate to consider the tariff and excise sys
tems hereafter, as if the history of broken
pledges and pretended remedies furnished
any better assurance for future legislation
than experience has done in the past.
Shipbuilding ami the carrying trade,
once sources d' national pride ami pros
perity, now languish under a crushimr
load of taxation, ami nearly every other
business interest is s ruggling without
profit to maintain itself.
Our agi tculiuralis s. while paying heavy
taxes on all ihey consume, either to the
Government or monopolists, find the
trices for their own products so reduced
that honest labor is denied its just rt'W'ciid
and industry is prostrated by invidious
Nearly t w o h;. ndt ed millions of acres
of public find which should have boon
reseived tor the benefit of the people have
been voted away to giant corporations
neglectimr our soldiers and enrmhiiig a
handful of greedy speculators and lobby
ists, who are thereby enabled to exercise
a most dangerou". and corrupting iuliu
etioes over State -and Federal legisl t ion.
If the career o: those conspirators be
not. checked i he downhill, of free gov
ernment i inevitable, and v.ith it the e;e
vaU'n of ti niiliiay dictator on Ihe ruins
d the Rt public. Littler pretense of pass
ing laws to etrloreo the Fourteenth Am- ml
ment. and tor other pui poses Congress
has conferred the most de.-potic po"-t-;;.s
upon .fie Execuiire. ami provided an oi;'i
eiai m ich, nory by w h.eh the liberties ot
ihe people are menaced and the sacretj
right of loctl soil -government in he States
is ignored, it not iy rantiieally oveiarown
Modeled up to the seilit.on la ws. so odious
til his ory they are at variance with ah
the sanctified iheoiie.sof our ittsti uiiotis
And the const 1 net i m given by these R-i I
ijal hverpt e'ers 10 the t-'oor eeinh Amend
ment is. io use the language id' an imneu;
Senator. Mr. Tnuhbii.l ol Illinois, an -an-itiliilati.r
of States. "r Cutler the last en
torcemen: bill "the Execo ire in iy. at his
discretion', thrust aside ' he Government, oi
any State, suspend the writ of habeas
cot pus." arrest i's Governor, imprison or
disneise the Legislature, silence its Judges
imi trample down lis peop e under Un
armed heel of his troops. N tilling i.s let!
to lite citizens or the State which can anv
longer be called a righ'; all is changed
into mere sufferance.
Ottr hopes lor retire-as are in the calm
good sense, th "Sober second thought"
of the American people. We call upon
litem to be trn :o themselves and to their
past. and. disregarding party names and
mintr differences, to insist upon a decent
equalization ol p-jwor. the restriction of
Ketierul authority within its just and
proper limits leaving to the Slates that
control over domestic affairs which is es
sential to their happiness and tranquillity
and good government.'. Everything that
maliciou.T ingenuity could suggest, has
been done to' irritate the people of the
Middle ami Southern States jrross and exaggerated-charges
ol uisoidep ami violence
owe their origin to the mischievous minds
of political t lanagers in the Semite and
House ot Representatives, to which the
Executive has. we regret to say. loot his
aid. and thus helped to inflame ihe popu
lar feeling. In this course of hosdie
legislation and h ir-h resentment no word
of conciliation, ot ki id encouragement of
fraternal lellowshiy lias ever been spoken
by ihe President or by Congress to thv
people of Ihe Southern States. They have
been addressed only in the language of
proscription. We earnestly entreat our
fellow citizens in all parts of the Union to
spare no effort to maintain peace and
order, to carefully protect the rights of
every citizen, to preserve kindly relations
among all men. i-nd 10 discountenance
and discourage auy violations.of the rights
of any portion of the people secured un
der 'he Constitution or any ot its amend
m-nts. Let us., in . conclu ion. earnestly
Iteg of Vbti hot to aid the present attempts
of Radfeal partisans to stir up slrile in the
and. to review the issues of ihe war or to
bstrnct the return ot peace and prosperi
v to the Southern States, because it is
bus that they seek to.Ylivert the attention
.if ihe country from the corruption and
xtravagance of their administration of
tiiblic affairs, and Ihe dangerous and pro
iigate attempts ihey are making towards
he creation of centralized military Gov
In the five years of peace following the
var the Radical Administrations have ex
pended SI 200.000.000 for ordinary pur
pose alone, being w iihin S200.000 000 of
the aggregate amount spent lor the same
purpose in war and in peace during the
seventy-one years preceding Junw 30
18(il. not including, in either case, the
sum paid upon principal or interest of the
public debt. It is trifling with the inrel
liirence of the people for the Radical lead
el's to pretend that ibis vast sum has been
honestly expended. Hundreds of millions
of it have been wantonly squandered.
I'tte expend Hires of the Government ;or
the fiscal year ending June 30. lfSiil. were
only Sfl'i.OOd.OOO. while for p'-ecisely the
same purpose civil list. army. navy, ten
sions and Indians S D 1 .000 000 were ex
pended during the fiscal year ending June'
No indignation can be too stern and no
scorn loo severe for the assertions by un
scrupulous Radical leaders that the great
Democratic ami Conservative party nf the
Cnioti has or c in have sympathy with dis
orders or violence in any part of the conn
try. or in the deprivation of any man ol
Ids rights niuler ihe Constitution.
I: i to pro-ect. and perpetuate the rights
which evoty freeman cherishes, friendship,
affection anil harmony which ar3 the guar
antees if law and order, and to throw
around the humblest citizen, wherever he
may be. the protecting ocgi- of these safe
guards of personal liberty which the fun
damental laws of ihe land assure, that we
invoke I fie aid of all good men in the
work of peace and reconciliation ; we in
vite their generous c iterations, irrespec
live of all former differences of opinion
so that the harsh voice q discord may be
relieved; that, a new ami dangerous sec
tional airitation may be checked; that the
burdens of taxation, direct or indirect,
m ty be reduced to the lowest point cou-sis-eui
with good faith to every just na
tional obligation and with a stricly eco
nomical administration of tlr1 Govern
ment, and that the States may be restored
in ilieir integrity and true relations to our
"Ti.e TtmperancD Cause "
To the Pkopi.k of this State of Ohegon."'
Mn. Editor. The above is the betiding
of an address to Use people of this State
for the purpose of calling a Temperance
Convention, to meet in Salem June lfith
next. Temperance is a humbug, and be
longs in the category with Free-lovism.
Mortnonism. John - Rrown-IIenry - Ward
15ee hei-WendeIM hiilipsism, Anna l)ck
iiisonism. Socialism ami the. other
thousand isms, into which fanatics ami
insane zealots rush in deli tnoeof common
sense and regardless of common law ! It
is a Vaiikeeism by which a few expect to
live by Uci'irimj at the expense of their
biind followers ; it is proposed ti be sup
ported by law that violates law and justice.
This convention will devise measu es
lor the enactment of such laics as will as
stst in driving the tempter from our land."
Such lines have been enacted in Maine
and other states laws that disregard Ihe
ligh's of property and the tights qf a man
to use his own labor for his own benefit
and have been judicially. declared uncon
stititlioiKil. Laws Ah. there"? the point I
For thirty years I have heard ihe howl
ab nt the alarming effec's of intemperance
and yet its effects are bocoinn'H: " more
frightfully alarming each succeeding day.
motuh ;n! year." So say3 this adtlr'.
Curious ain't it? that- we hear so much
about Go td Templ irs. (rough. Father
Miit hew and the triumph of Temperance
Societies ami the Temperance cause, yet
matters grow worst, and tic or.se ,i I l.t.he
time! It till the noise about Temperance
makes bad worse, then shut down the
noise. Dut it always has been icor.se. or
else many a good lecturer has labored
under u m sapprehension of facts during
my life time. Thirty years ago a few
temperance missionaries from oniightoned
New England, invaded the b.ickwood-t
where I was born and told ns just w ha
this address tells us to-day! People
ignorant people rallied around these
a post les fed t he bcnro!ertt humbugs and
sent them on heir way to eniigh:en(?!
itllicr land where people would clothe
ami food them ; that's what the tinkering
apostles wanted, food anil clothes, nnd 1
might add. a little cliamje for traveling
expenses. Every fresh apostle told of Ihe
drunkards converted andsived from ruin,
and so for thif y years the s'ory h is been
told, and rtoic alas, the pernieio s effects
of intemperance are d lily growing worse.
Then for goodness s.ike stop the talk abon
Temperance! Hut rum an! jt may be
th.it ihe cli.iracier of the apostles, the 1
precepts an I ex iniptos. colore the
ungodly did not fully ! While ihey wer
gouging our eves sore for motes, is it C -tain
iheir's were clear of beam's. It may
h" if they icre temperate liiar. it Was (he
o i'tj rtrtiie the ij had it tii'ghf be that they
were -vol! temperate in o'l things. "' Ami
such meth'itks is the ehar'icter of ihose
who wish to renovate Oregon. , There i
another object iti all such calls virtue is no
at. I h; bottom til such -ehem 's. hence, as
we ;ire a'.reailv sfovfrneil lo t in I "tl." it
is lo fie hoped that " the powers that be ;"
will hereafter as hereiofore. be temperate
with temperance schemes.
I a in sir, yours truly,
A TKMI'EltATK. HI T Nor V TK MPKRAXCK MAX.
Dog Town. M iv Isl l
We Want To Ivsmv '--While our Radi
C;il friends pre searching for Democratic
thievery, will some of them he so kind as
to inform us vh-.U became of am. yes
every dollar of the money paid the State
for private inline patieii's? This is a
little item iu which two Radical Ad minis
tratiotr fail to show a cent receipts where
they must have teceived thousands. Lot
us have sortie lirht Mr. Orejonian and
other honest Ili'lical journals.
Thk Ovi'osi nov SrK.iMKit. The opposi
tion steamer Ctmstaitine will leave Port
land lor San Fransisco to' morrow. She is
reported as being a very fine and fast
boat. Sin riiude her first trip up in a
little over three days', with a heavy load
of freight and passengers. Fare has been
reduced. We wish '.he opposition success,
as it has been needed ft r the good of our
Stale long etouirh and we hope the peo
ple wili patronize it.
The down train, when near Salem
last Saturday, ran over fourhotses. causino
it to run r ff the Hack, and resulting in a
general smh up. The locomotive, ten
der and two or three construction cars
were b ully wrecked, blockading the road
so completely as to prevent the passage
of the regular goutUbuuud train
ireel vitality. When you-feel as
if the vital jxowers were giving way. strength
pene, sp t its depressed, memory failing, ap
petite lost, exhaustion stealing over every
sense ana paral.vziug eveiy energy, then is
the t me to resort to that powerful felly of
nature. Dr. W a inker's Vegetable Vinegar
HnTEiis. The properties thev embody soon
work a glorious renovation in the debilita
ted system and the clouded mind.
Snuff or dust of any kind, aud strong,
caustic or posoijous, solutions aggreva'e
Ca.art-h and drive it to the lungs. Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy cuies Oata rTi by its mild,
soothing, cleansing and healing pro pet ties.
Each package prepat es one pint ot the Retu-
dy leady for Use, and costs only fifty cents.
Sol.', by druggists or send sixty cents to 11.
V- Pieice. M. D., 133 Semea street, Uuffal ,
N. Y , and get it by return mail. Lt-ok out
f'r con inert eits and worthless imita-ions by
seeing t:.at ii has, upon the outside wrapper,
Dr. t'leu e's private Stamp, issued hy the IT.
S Coveriiniti t expressly f r stamping his
intdicii.es and which bears u;on it, tits por
trait, name and address, and the words LT.
S. (J: rttticate of Genuineness."
Oregon City Prices Current.
The following are the trices paid for
produce, and the prices at which other al
leles are svlling, in this market :
WHEAT U nite bushel. SI 1001 20
OATS pk, bushel. 4tJ cts.
POT A Tm'S bushel. 5075 cts.
ONIONS" bushel, or-(V3l o0.
FEOUil "jri bbl. sjt; 0;;o7 Ot).
DEANS U bite, J lb.. ii,f cts.
Diil ED FRUIT Apples, lb 89c:
Peaches. lb.. Disc: Plums. lb., 150
lb' cis : Currants. lb.. Iu02d cts.
BUT T Eli "y lb.. 2.-,0 -(),;, s.
EGGS "p do.eu lh01,s c s.
CI1IGKENS fl doen, $.,0 Jr. :
SEGAii Crushed. lb., so cts.; Island
) tt.. 10012: ct?.: N. ().. rti lb.. 15 cts.;
San Ffauctsco refined. lb . lUs cts.
TEA Young Hyson. ib.. yl ,,( ; Ja
pan. , to.. DUc0 25 ; black lb.. Toe.
COFFEE 1 to.. 200-22 cts.
SALT -c lt.. U0li3 cts.
SYKU.P He-.vy Golden, ""gt'.l!.. $1 00 :
Ex. Heavv Golden. gall.. j?l Zo
EACON-IIams. f lb.. 1(1 cts; Sides.
15 cis. " lb : Shoulders, 8 cts.
LAUD - t to.. 14 cts.
OIL De vow's Kerosene, call.
Linseed oil. raw. gall.. $1
Linseed oil. boiled, $ gall., SI 50.
WOOL "- to.. 25 cts.
IJEEF On four. 7 0S cts 'f to.
POUiv On foot. ;0-7cls. H to.
SHEEP Per head 0to72 50.
HIDES Green, -ft to.. 5c. ; Dry. 3 to..
12 i eu ; Salted St
Expiration of Copartnership by
rrMIR TERMS OF COPARTNERSHIP EX
JL . istiog between A. If. De l and E. A.
Parker, under the firm name f Bell & Park
er. Oteg-n Ci y, Oregon, having expired bv
reasoti "f i 1 itation, A. If. Hell assumes he
litbilities of said firm, at d w 11 continue the
business as f rmei 1 v. w th an incicsse l and
more c unplete assoi Tim rt. E. A Parker,
having engaged h s assistance in t!;e Drug
Stol e, when he can he ahsent from the duties
of bis farm, w II be pleased to rm-ct and
serve I is ol 1 customers a -al Iriends in his
new oecupat on, utni as the tiO'tks of the linn
o Debit Parker must eT 1 ecessity be losed
up. t'tose imlebted will p"ase e all upon E.
A Parker, at the old stand. We desiie t
express gratitnd and many thttnks to our
friends fur their liberal patronage.
A. H. DULL,
E. A. PARKER.
i j '
Tn c ttntinning tbo Drug business at t'ie old
sliiitd of li - I A Parker, I shall consult the
lost interests of customers and rnvseif hv
purchasing goods of the finest q-iai t , , and
selling the same at a very small advance,
hoping thereby to h ve the continued favor
t former Iriends a id patrons, :ind to make
many new mid eeriuaneut customers.
Re-pectfully, A. U. UELL.
May 11, ls7i:m:f
15Y VIRTUE OF AX EXECTTIOX, I.cSUf
- " oar ot hum lictitt ourt of the State of Ore
son, lor the county of ( 'laokamas. to me diiected.
01 favor of iiavid Wills. iiaint:dr, an 1 against
S.V. tlson, ueiondiuit. tor the stun of'oi'dit
litm-lred and one W-im dolbirs, and for want' of
sutfioieiit personal propertv, I have levied tinon
all the ritftit. title and interest t'f.the sai 1 Wilson
on the 3d day of November, A.)., IS70, or, in
and to, the imlowimj desoribesl tracts f land) to
wit : ( )iuiiie.ieinij at the nori heast corner of the
northeist cparvr of sec ion twelve, township
two, south of range two east, of the WiliamoMe
meridian: running thence south ciudit'- rods
thence west, one handre 1 and sixty ro i - the-ice
nor- h evltty rmls: tneitce east one hundred anil
sixty to the plaoe of beun'nnin:.', con ,Onm"
em-fity acres, more or less. Also, the fo lowing
Uoscnltetl tr-y?t, to-wit : v'oinmeiicin 01 hu.i
dretl and sixty rods west of tho northeast .corner
ot the northeast quarter of st.'ctioii twelve town '
two. south of raniretv o east, of the Wiiiamette
nieritlian, aail-rramm thonee south for rU
thence west forty i-cx Is; thex.ee north fori viols-'
thence oast iorty wis, -to the place of br-Jmiin '
coittaniui f en acres, more or loss, ell bein" sati
ate in Clackamas county. State of Ore'or " nd
oa the It.th day t.f June A. D..1871,at jJoVd k
.-a., at the Court Housedog, in Ore-oi, ttity, ia
sat,l county, I wul pnteeod to soli the same to the
litotes, bi-idT U, satisly said execution, cots
and accruing- costs.
Alt THr It "WARNER.
r,., Shonll ot Clackamas County
Oregon City, May 11, w4 J
1 Y VIRTUE O F A LICENSE TO ME IS."
he County Court of Claekama
Ooamy, Uve.oii, in toe matter of the estate of
item y t. Jluoie, ucceased, 1 will, on
&A11TJPAY, the Huh DAY OF JUNE, A.
1.571, at the Court House door, in Oregon City
Mi.t mum), 4l me titt.ir oi out- o clock . m. oi
said uuy. scii at puoxic aucuoii, as lite property
uf sattl ueceaseu, the loiiowmg' desi-r.tM.-i lea'i
eT.ate, iu-it: Iae.oalal-J or the N.W.I
" me iiuc.ioital a. v.. 1-i of the V. V 1-4
Sec. in T. s... i;. I I' ,,f , i, Vi!lt,t..tt
- - - -- .. ...it.i.ktt, 1UV1 t-
ui.tn, pitiaiiim,- yj ss-lo i iicres.
ii.ii.U.-) ui'.xil.K Oae-tlurdcah down : the
rem u:.itr tlowa or vai one yu.n s croUil, witn in
Uixvst at, on-.' iercent. ioi- iuo.-oh, secured by
ntti .r;;ye uutuci.iua. Doud a: p-itca ev-IWi1--
T ... rT. Adimuisraior.
JOHNSON & McCOWN, Ally's.
liay 11, lo7t:w4
In County Court for Clackamas County, Sta e of
Jtv:oa. ., .
In tiiu matter r the Otiardijtnslri ft' of the
Es '.eoi' iliom isli. ltit.rk. Insane.
?p ) ADD WHOM IT J1A Y CONCERN, TAKE
notice: 'ilia: in narsuattce or an n-t-i n'
the Ci:tn;y Cour of Clackamas county, Oregon'
ma lo an 1 eat ere i of record of sai 1 ( 'oai t on't-he
31 .lay of Aliy, A. D.T 1S7I, onlerin- the safe
ot certain real es'ate ht-rcmaftor described bo
Irtivur,' to the said Id.o-. Ki. Jtotjrk, insane, 'upon
the itot i'ion ot" Andiron Kelly, his K'aardiau 1
will sell at public aueuoTi, to rhe hi'-'heit bid"e
ior c.i-h in hand, at the Court House door in
said county and State, the following dcciioel
real estate, to-wit: K, 1-2 of the N. W. 1-1 .,.i
W. 1-2 of N. E. 1-1 of S. 7, T 2, S. K., 4 east
coiTamm- ltin acres si tiated in Clackain is co m
Ty, Ore-un, altoat 17 m. les east of Orefro-i Citv
o.t the 2 i. n day of M iy, A. D., 187 1, at tho hour of
one o cl'x k 1. M. of said day.
Deed at the expense of purchaser.
Guardian of the Estate of
Thus. G. Itoork, insane.
ciias. E. waiiri:n,
5 t A t'y for Guardian.
Y VIDTUE OF AN EXECUTION ISSUED
out ot tfre Circuit Court of the State of Or
egon, tor the County f Clackamas, in favor ol
Samuel Eii-le, plaintiff, and against Wiliiarn
ArifiTtviest, detent hint. I have levie.d upon an,l
on MONDAY, '1'UE 221 DAY OF MAY, A. D
1S71, at ll o'clock a. in., at the (."ourt House door'
m Orejnm City, in saia county, I will sell at pul!
he autiuiori, to the hi-hest bidder, lo satisfy a ttal
ance due upon said execution, of six hundrel
and oig-hty-iour lu-loo .lotlars awl accruin- oosu
all of the ri-ht, title and interest of said Win'
A nil priest, in and to, the following descrilK-i
real property, situated in said Clackamas county
to-wit : 1 1 ommencin- at the southwest corner of
thelateW m.Eni.de' land claim, and rmmin '
thence north nineteen aid one-half den-oes e w V
on the western bounlary Une of said bind claim'
tuirty chains; thence soutrr wxfv-nim
an.l .one-half deees east. thvlthree
and one-tlurd chains ; thence wuth n n'-toln an!
ti.;,.t,. .i ' , 'iie-iiair ueqries west
thuty-tliree aud one-third chains, to t,e place of
u .(, u.it; fii.iiorf-a acres
April 21, ln:4 ""r"1 vvuu ' WeSQn-
LOOK OUT FOR GOOj)
S- ACECERF AN & Co;
HAVE JUST RECEIVED A LARGF
SPRIXG & SUMMER G00DS
WHICH THEY OFFER
Cheaper than the Cheapest.
We would say, come and convince nBr
self before pn: chasing elsewhere. Our 'stock
consists m part of -
FANCY. AND STAPLE DRY GOODS
CIIOTHIXO. HATS, ; '
L'tJt) TS A N D S II 0 E-4.
. . II A It D WARE,
atd a groat many articles too numerous to
ALs-O, Door. Windows, Glass and Putty.
ALL KINDS OF PRODUCE TAKEN IN
EXCHANGE FOR GOODS.
ALSO. WOOL wanted, for tvbich ire pn
the HIGHEST PRICE.
S. AOKERIV1AN & CO.
Oregon City, April L'l, ls7i;tf
GOLD CfJfN PREMIUMS
WILL DE AWARDED TO THE
4th Day of July, 1871;
rpilE COSMOPOLITAN IJENEVOI EXT
L Society of Caiifuni.a, iiUi ohl x'mj.
Second fair, at the Droad Street Th.-ater
Nevada City, Caldorhia, in uitl-,of and for
the following charitable purposes:
1st, Public Schools of Nevada Co.
2d, Public Library of Nevada City
3a, Orphan Asylum, Nevada County.'
4th, Fire Department, Kevada City.'
SEASON TICKETS OF ADMISSION
WILL DE SOLI) AT 2 50 each, Gold Coin.'
ALL PREMIUMS WILL HE DEPOSITED
iu the Dank, of Nevada County.
1 Premium gold coin
1 1 ',1 n 0
5,t it 'O
1 Pre i.ium ;) d
1 Premium irold
co n . .
1 Pre i ium yold
coin . ,
1 I t etui u ni ir,,jd
1 Prom urn old
Coin . .
1 Premium gold
1 Premium sold
1 PieiTiinm ro!tl
C'Ull . .
15 I'lvuiiiitiis gohl co n, $I0iVi ench
5 I'reitimms, gohl ctjin, $v0 each
8 Premium-gold com, .;o() eacli.
25 Piemiums gold coin, each ':)'.
loo Pre.-t.iu!i:s gold coin, j'.i fl each".
Dl Premiums; gold cuin, $:,o t ach..
2ott Premi tinA (iold coin, f.ju each '
oon Premiums gold coin, 25 each
1ul3 Prcmiuins gold coin, go'u each.,!
2U05 Gold Coin Premiums -
UT'sifVCsjtj M n'trrn.' .
POTJ ER, A. II. II AGADOIvX,'
J. CORWEJd, f.EE.
Dy special permission we refer to the fol
lowing wdi known citizens: .
'oh, " U- I-icks..n, Sheriff', Nevada countv.
i - n . S;gou!-ney.
John A. Lancaster, National Exchnrifjc.
AI. S Deal, fviitor Nevada Transcript.
C.eo,; V()! Schaiii tbur-", Postmaster. c
JituusJrecnwajd. .Coutitv Trcasuter.
Coo. IJ. Newill, ex-County Supervrsor.
I bus. J. Gardner. Ed tor Nevada Gazette.
1 . f. tuner, Merchant. : .
J. Earl Brown, City Water Works.0
, I- (.l "try, l..te Sherill Nevada county.
L. Nifull, City Marshall.
D- E. be.d, lieputy I'ostmasier.
Ira A, Eaton, In. ion Mote!..
C (i Alla-t, Nevada Foundry.
Judge J. II Kolfe.
A. Gold-rnith. Merchant . O-
U rn. It.'e. Chiet Engineer Fire Dept.'
T. Canlie!,!, ex-Chief Engineer Fire Dept.
A. anf .rd. -Merchant.
HI. veu A" Pott-r, Merchants.
Les or & Muliov, Merchants. t
Good res,,ol)sibe Aireuts -anteti liberal
Comm ssions allowed.
Money slatul.l b ; sent by Express, or bv
Uta.t on any solvent Dank.
Address all communications to " -
IL " OC1ETY,
. v Nevada C ty, California.
A. Devy. Or--ron Civ, Afpnt.
Travelers are td.vs liable to sub
ta ks of Dvseriterv ntl t l.t..,.,. ,
nd tl ese occu ing'when ab-ent fr ,m home'
re ve y unpleasa .t. ihe Paix Kn.i.ERinay
ijs ot- r- iietl up. sit in such cases
soon as you feel the symptoms, take om
s.-oonful in a a 11 of new mi k and moh
"... hk.i, ot net water, si, r- wed to-ether
nd dri.tk h ,t. Repeat the doe everv hour
'ettevei. It th- nuin.h...., i...,u'
the bowels and
back, with the medicine
In cases of Asthma and Phthisic
take a teaspoo-tfu. in a gi 1 of W
sweetened wed with mr.ii.. . ... .
t ike a
the throat and stomach faithfully with
lb . Sweet savs it fakes out the sorenpss
lm eve? v ""l S ',tiug thiln anything
he ever applied.
Fisherme , -o often exposed to hnrts by
av,g thetrskm ,.ierced wiih books, and
1 , s j;' .ns,' ,';an h relievetl by bathing with'
1 am Kdlet as soon as th accident oc
cu.s ; ,n tlt.s way tt.e anguish fs sdon al.at
u , bat.ie as of en as once in tiv
say thr-e or lour times, and ycu will seldom'
n h e any t ouble.
The bites and scratches of dog,, and cats
are soon cured by bathing with the Pain
i1,0'1 COUXTY OR DEES
WIV be 1 UPU Presentation,
interest ceases from this date.
Treasurer ot Clackaiaas county.
May 4, 1S71:w3
W illaiaetlt Lodge Xo. 151. O, i. T
Meets every Saturday evening, at the roorrs
h.E. corner of Main and Fifth streets, at 7 12
O Clock Vl-iitin... mnmk. ? j
. ... . ,UCU1UC1S are lnviiea a
j-.tteaa. By ordr of vVW, C. T.