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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View This Issue
Stye lUcckln Enterprise.
'OFFICIAL PAPEtt FOR CLACKAMAS COUNTY.
Oregon City, Oregon,
'Friday : : : March 24, 1871.
Tna Future J?rospsct.
The New York -Herald, while we frank
ly confess that it possesses but little i.
any, political honesty, yet it is one of th
most reliable and discerning papers in th
country in relation to the future prospeci
'of parties. It appears to keep well post
Ned, and may always be found with th
(popular sentiment In a recent numbe
of that paper, it speaks in the followin
plain language as to the prospects of th
Democracy in the future :
"The Democratic party stands to-day up
OTi the -verge of a glorious success, in the
future, the fruition of which is the posses
sion of the Presidential office and the eon
trol of the national government in 1872.
We say. advisedly, that it stands on the
verge of success, 'because it has not the
prize yet within its grasp, though all its
opportunities would seem to place it with
in easy reach. It is still like
an army in the enemy's country. It is
surrounded lv foes, who are to be found
not only among the soreheads within its
own circle, but in the ranks f the Re
publicans, who are Watching every weak
point in the daily action of the party,
eager to take advantage of anything that
Taty be used against it. Therefore, in a
spirit not unfriendly, and believing that
the Democratic party is base. Ion broader.
rnore generous, more American princi
ples than the Republican party, which
represents centralization of authority,
concentration of wealth and unrepubli
can exclusiveness, we warn the triumph
mnt Democracy ot New York that they
tnust not imperil their chances of obtain
ing power in the government of the conn
try for the next quarter of a century at
least. The prize, us we have said, is al
most within theirgrasp. but they must not
go to lar even in 'but may seem small
matters. While we abuse no
one. we give a friendly advice to all the
leaders of (be New York Democracy that
Ihey m vst not allow their future prospects
as a trpAiKl national party to elude their
grasp for the sake of small temporary ad
TMnij(rp The nrize is in view. Let them
secure it by cau'iou.s and wise action.
Spom.kd. An exchange says that the
" High Commission'' has spoiled the game
Hjf several enterprising Radicals very
badly. Mr. Morton is knocked into a
rocked .hat, with all his ambitious hopes,
alter having trudged to Indiana to arrange
his plans for atranster to the Department
of Slate. Even should Mr. Fish go out
at the end of this negotiation, there will
be no political harvest for the unfortu
nate Morton to glean. lie will follow for
a time in the dull chronology of official
succession, and then disappear with the
incoming of the Democratic President, in
1873. Poor Den Dutler is completely ex
tinguished, and intensely indignant at the
same time. He claims to have stirred up
hjt5 Rritish lion, and therefore tl inks the
President should have offered him one of
tLe places instead of Williams, of whom
lie (15. 11.) has no verv exalted opinion.
Mr. Schenck is not altogether content to
,he a fifth wheel to the Commission coach,
instead of the " mighty ni igtnficent three
tailed Bashaw1" at London. Then Mr.
Sumner has been sent to Coventry, with
his ejo el rex mens to keep him compaiy.
He had no hand in the business, and can
have none now but an inferior part.
1 It was really too bad in Mr. Fish to
have inflicted so much cruelty' at a single
llow. Morton, Butler, Schenck, and
Sumner, at one full swoop I Candidates
for the Presidency and expectant Secreta
ries of State all buried under one High
Commission! Let us. however, not speak
lightly of the tin buried dead.
The Second Timk. Our readers will re
member that sometime ago we noticed the
fact that Sheriff Jackson, of Trinity coun
ty. California, was arrested on an indict
ment found against him by the U.S. grand
jury, for collecting Chinese taxes in ac
cordance with the State law. which is held
to be in conflict with the fifteenth amend
ment, and he was acquitted on some de
fect in the indictment. He has again been
indicted and placed on trial. The Ex
aminer speaking of this arrest says :
lie has been guilty of no offense, while
fhose who prosecute him are engaged in
carrying out one of the blackest crimes
hich men catt commit. They are guilty
of treason against the Government, of the
Fathers. They are seeking to overthrow
the Union wh'ch, for upwards of seventy
years, brought us prosperity and security.
O The act of Congress, under which the
Federal usurpers s'ek to strike down
folate legislation, is wholly unauthorized.
It is a flagrant usurpation of power. It
opens the doors to absolute despotism on
the part of Congress. As a precedent it
enables (hat body to embark in any species
of legislation it may see proper. It is an
entire negative of any rights in the States,
pave such as are exercised permissively of
the General Government. It Congress
can nullify this Foreign Miners' Lice lse
Law. Ihey can nullify any other State law.
If they can exempt the Chinese from tax
ationfur the nullification of this h.w
virtually exempts them they can exempt
any other persons;
We sincerely hope this time the Federal
prosecutor has had sktil enough to frame
the indictment so that it will stick that
is to say. to prevent the case going off on
technicalities. We wish to see the matter
brought home to the mining counties. The
Judges have already announced that the
act of Congress is constitu ional. The
sooner, therefore, the subject, is disposed
of here the better. Ot course it will be
carried to the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States. So important a question can
not stop short of that tribunal, nor will it
stop there, if against the State. The peo
ple id" the United States will soon reverse
all these usurpations and bring back the
Government to i:s true principles.
The China Trade. The S. F. Examiner.
speaking of the China trade. says : "The
best commentary on that is the fact that
our subsidized line of steamers, consisting
of first-class: vessels, has been in opera
tion for upwards of two years, making
regular monthly trips between this port
andShsnghai. touching each way at Japan,
and arc losing money on every trip. The
steamer that left here on the first instant
carried out some seventeen passengers
and about one-eighth load of freight.
e td'.ow the Chinese! free ingress to
gather up and carry ofT our precious
metals but get absolutely nothing valu
able in 'return And yet the Alia harps
a great deal about additional subsidies to
mesease .lu' service, when the steamers
now plying can t gt-t business to the ex
teat ol oue-loun'u their capacitv "
Reformation. Indiana is about to re
form her divorce laws, says an exchange,
and a bill passed the State Senate a few
days go, 'by a nearly unanimous vote,
abolishing the lax liberality which Las
heretofore prevailed in that State, espe
cially under Radical rule. The new stat
ute is to provide that no divorce will be
granted for acts committed in any other
-State, unless by the laws thereof such
cts were 'ground of divorce ; and then
nly after a bona fide residence of three
years in Indiana of the petitioner. Where
he acts were committed in Indiana, one
ear's residence suffices, but it must Le
xmnjide, and in the bounty where the
uit is brought. The enumerated causes
f divorce are similar to those in the Dis
. ict of Columbia, and it is expressly pro
ided that, except for adultery and cdn
iciiou of infamous crime, r.o divorce
jail be granted until three year's alter
marriage. The bill seems also to exclude
divorces where the defendant has never,
since the marriage, been a resident ot In
diana, unless personal notice has been
served upon him of the petition. If once
a resident, ant! tli-j present residence is
unknown to the petitioner, constructive
notice may be given by newspaper pub
lication for three weeks, etc. In all cases,
however, where the defendant's residence
is known, personal service upon him or
her is requisite.
Another Ot trace. The House of
Repi escn latinos, on the lath inst.. passed
a bill lo enforce the rights of citizens
under the so-called 15th amendment.
The bill provides lor the appointment by
the United Slates Ch'CN-it Judge, of two
Supervisors of elections, for all towns
over 2.000 inhabitants, and for a Chief
Supervisor for each Judicial District. It
enables United States Marshals and Dep
uties to call to their aid bystanders, or
posse comitatns, and provides thai all
elections of Representatives to Congress
be by ballot, written or printed, anything
in the State laws to the contrary notwith
standing. Thi:i infamous measure is in
tended to take from the States their rights
to control and regulate elections. One by
one the reserved rights of the States have
been usurped by Congress, and solely fcr
the purpose of keeping in power a cor
rupt and dishonest party, which has dis
regarded and ttampled under foot every
provision of the Constitution. By the
passage of this bill it is sought to over
ride and awe the will of the people at the
next Pi evidential election. We have too
much confidence in the American people
to even think for a moment that ihey are
so lost to all the instincts of honor and
manhood that they will lamely stand by
and see the precious rights transmitted to
their keeping by the forefathers of the
country ruthlessly torn from their hands
without striking a blow. Sooner than
forfeit these rights we would rather see
me country arencneu in otoou. i ne
American people have in the past stood
much, but it is said that even patience
ceases to be a virtue at a certain period,
and if we mistake not that time has ar
rived. Let the Radicals beware how
Ihey tamper with the rights of the people.
Slaves they are not and never will be.
IV. W. Suitesnvi.it.
T-ue Diffekexck. -The Democrats of
the Indiana Legislature, says an exchange,
in 18o''J. resigned for the purpose of break
ing the constitutional quorum ot that body,
i and thus prevent the ratification of the
Fifteenth Amendment. But the Radical
majority went ahead, nevertheless, and
ratified the amendment, and the Radical
Supreme Cosit decided th.it a majority of
a. I the members present constituted a
quorum, and that the ratification was
valid. But now the boot is on the other
foot. The Legislature this year being
Democratic, to prevent a Certain Demo
cratic measure from being enacted, thirty
four Radical mem berg rot'gn, claiming
thereby to destroy the constitutional
quorum, and they are sustained by the
Governor and Lieutenant Governor.
What was illegal when done by Democrats
becomes perfectly legal when done by
Radicals. But this is in full keeping with
the consistency of that party which claims
to monopolize all the loyalty and at the
same time tramples under foot ail the
plainest provisions of constitutional law.
A VicTiM.--Mr. J. G. Hoibert, of Silem
has fallen a victim to Deady's slaughter
house. It appears that Mr. H. had a soda
fountain in his candy factory and in con
nection therewith sold liquor without the
necessary U. S. license. We believe that
every citizen should obey the laws, but
can only regard the man who would play
the spy and informer in order to procure
his reward with greater contempt than the
one who violates this unjust and outrage
ous law. Mr. Ilolbert is a hard-working,
industrious citizen, and the severe pun
ishment which the law inflicts, is para
mount to taking all he has accumulated
by long years of labor. He was sentenced
to six month's imprisonment in the Marion
county jail, and fined $1,001), of which
one-half goes to the informer, and it is a
matter of regret that he don't get all the
Troirle in Camp. From late papers
we see that considerable trouble has been
going on in Arkansas between the Radi
cals. Gov. Clayton secured his election to
tne U. S. Senate by the aid of Federal
bayonets under his control. The office of
Governor would have fallen to Lieut. Gov.
Johnson, who the Governor does not like,
and Clayton was determined to get rid ol
him. and Johnson's friends, in retalliation.
were about to impeach Clayton. The
matter was finally adjusted by Clayton
resigning the Senatorsbip and holding on
to the office of Governor. Serious trouble
was at one time anticipated, as the loyal
Governor determined to resist his im
peachment by the force of Federal sol
diers which are under his control. He is
the" State of Arkansas, and under the re
construction act for that State, he has the
power to perpe'tttate himself in office as
long as he may desire.
The Fortv Second Congress. The
Democracy have 93 members iu the 42d
Congress as the roll stood at the opening
of the session, out of 227. giving the Re
publicans a majority of 35. Since that,
New Hampshire has elected three more
Democrats ; California will add three
more, also Connecticut three and Texas
three, making a total of 105 ; giving the
Radicals the two to be elected to Gil re
cent vacancies, and one from Texas and
one from Connecticut, the House will
stand 103 Democrats aud 13S Radicals and
Conservatives. In the 41st Congress the
Democrats had only 65 member?.
Ixxocext. Sargent, of California, in a
speech recently denied "that there was
corrupt men ia the lobby or that there
was anything to warrant the assertion
that Corruption was rife in Congress." To
which the Stockton Independent, a Radi
cal paper replies: "Mr. Sargent is proba
bly the only man in the country, in or
ottffcf Congress, who entertains the opin
ion expressed in the closing sentence of
his remarks. He is certainly the only
man of prominence who has ev?r put such
an opinion upon record. That the seeth
ing corruption which has polluted one-half
the legislation of Congress for many years
past, should be not only ignored but its
existence denied by any man ol intelli
gence, can scarcely be Credited even with
the evidence before us. The men who
pay the enormous taxes of the Government
by the labor of their bands and who watch
the style and manner of passing bills by
which millions of money ore divided
among the spoilsmen, and millions of acres
Of the public domain squandered, will not
believe that the Washington lobby is
composed of Saints, 'or that a large portion
of the members 'of Congress remain un
contaminated by them.''
Must Rktjkh. The Washington Patriot
says that there ia little doubt that Mr.
Ackerman will be constrained to retire
horn the Cabinet. The pressure f gainst
him i3 too strong to be successfully resist
ed. He has never, been personally ac
ceptable to the influences which surround
the President, and he has, accidentally or
otherwise, crossed the path of some of the
"Rings." Hence, he is doomed Attorney
General. Mr. Howard, of Michigan, who
has jiist been repudiated by his own party
at home, is as aspirant for the soon to-be-vacant
slippers of Ackerman. In fact, he
gave out recently, in Detroit, that the ap
pointment would be surely tendered to
hirn. But this does not seem very proba
ble. Mr. Chandler, who turned him out
of the Senate, Would hardly allow him. to
take a place in the Cabinet, being, as he
is, one of the present proprietors of the
White House. So Mr. Howard, derisively
called Honest Jake." had better conclude
that the dayT of railroad spoliation is over,
and retire upon his past laurels and pick
Democratic Caucus. A correspondent
of the New York Herald, writing from
Washington, under date of the 27ih ult.,
says that the Democratic Members held a
caucus to-night in the Hall of Represent
lives, Mr. Niblack in the chair, and Mr
Reeves acting as secretary. A number of
Democratic members elect were also pres
ent. The Congressional Executive Corn
mittee made a report of their labors dur
ing the last year's campaign, from which
it appeared that the expenses for circula
ting documents amounted to ? 12,000. and
the collections $9,000, leaving a deficit of
$3,000. To pay this Representative Cox
of New York, gave his individual check
thus settling all indebtedness. The caucus
unanimously passed a resolution cutnpli
meuting the committee for the manner in
which they discharged the duties itnposeo
upon them, and continuing the committee
The meeting is represented aa being alto
gether harmonious. There was but littl
speaking, the object being more especially
for the transaction of business.
The Way. The way the people are de
frauded by their servants at Washington
may be inferred from the following para
graph, taken from a Washington paper :
Messrs. Beaman. Washburn of Wiscon
sin, and Ntblaek constitute the sub-corn
mittee to invesligate the last laudulent
contract for envelopes, made by the Post
master General with George II. Reay, of
New York. We say the last, because he
had previously made two others with the
same person, one of which Congress an
nulled last July for its barefaced extor
tion and illegal inception. In defiance
of that condt mnatiou, Mr. Cieswell and
his Assistant, Mr. Terrill. connived, and
broke another contract, in order to serve
this favored jobber, at a cost of $12o .000
to the country. The facts are too well
known to be concealed, and any attempt
at whitewashing, either by evasion of
duty or failure to condemn fraud, will
involve all concerned in it in exposure.
The time has at last come when corruption
will be ventilated, no matter who may
"They (Stale officers) shall receive no
fees or perquisites whatever for the per
formance of any duties connected with
their respective offices." So says the
Constitution of Oregon.
The Orerjoniwn quotes the above. We
can't see why that paper desires to re
mind Gov. Woods of his violation of this
clause. The Governor took in quite a
little sum for school certificates, bat it is
very unkind in the Oregonian to harp on
such a little matter.
The Orejouian wants to know what is
going to become of warrants, according
to Judge Boise's decision, which have
been drawn by Secretary Chadwick,
where there has been no appopriation
made. It is denied that he has drawn
any such warrants, but if he has, they will
meet the same fate a3 those issued by Sec
retary May, unless the next Legislature
will legalize them. That's what will be
come ot then.
Left Them. Hon. Geo. W. Booker one
of the Radical Congressmen elected from
Virginia, can no longer stay with his par
ty, and bids them farewell in the follow
ing emphatic style :
"For myT own part I have washed my
hands of the concern (the Republican
party in Virginia.) I intend hereafter to
act with the Democratic party. I never
intended to be a party to a proceeding
which will hand my people over to the
tender mercies of a set of vagabond ad
ventures who have come bete to fatten on
the misfortunes of the country."
In a bad Way. The Wisconsin Legisla
ture appears to be in keeping with other
Radical bodies of this kind. A local pa
per says :
Under the head of -public charity'' lie
treasury is robbed for the benefit ot public
thieves. And under the name of "public
benefit"' municipalities are made alembics
to change the wea th of individuals into
the wealth of corporations. By fear, bri
bery ami flattery railroads control legisla
tion, as banks did once the same thin,"-'
and draw the money extorted from the
people to refill their coffers, with ten per
Volume Eleventh. The Daily Herald
entered its eleventh volume on the 17th
inst, -; - -
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.
Washington. March 15.-Ih the House,
Wheeler offered a resolution that, the ben
ate, the House concuring. close the pres
ent session on the 20;h instant at 1
o'clock noon. Agreed to by ayes, 117 ;
noes. 7t5. y . .
In the Hoitse. Peters offered a resolu
tion providing for a committee of thirteen
to invesligate the whole subject of South
ern outrages, with power to send for wit
nesses, and to report the result of their in
vestigation to tlie House ifi December
next, with such recommendations as they
deem expedient. The expenses of the
committee are to be paid out of the con
tingent fund. The resolution passed.
New Yoi;K. March It'. The ses.i6ns of
the Joint High Commission are he'd daily.
The opinion" prevails in some quarters
that recent discussions have develped dif
ferences of opinion which may prevent a
peaceful settlement, lri reply to a ques
tion yesterday, onti of the American Com
missioners said, in a significant manner,
that if the Commission was able to reach
satisfactory conclusions at all.it would ter
minate its labors by the middle of April.
It is believed the difficulty lies in the ina
bility of the English Commissioners to
meet the preliminary requirements for ne
gotiation? by the American Commission
er?, us to the Alabama liabilities.
Concord. N. H.. March lo 2 a. m. The
Democrats are jubilant, and are parading
ttie streets in front of the State House.
The Republican elected Senators in the
Second,. '1 bird, tilth. Seventh and Ninth
Districts :: the Democrats carried the other
seven districts. Councillor Districts Three
and Four are Republican; the other
three are Democratic. In the House the
Republicans hive a majority of about
twenftv The election of three Democratic
Congressmen is conceded Hibbard in the
First District. Bills in the Second and
Parker in the Third.
The Independent pledges its sttppcrt to
either Sumner or Colfax for President in
RtCHMOMn (Va.), March 15.- The Legis
lature elected J. W. Johnston, Conserva
tive. United States Senator.
New York, March 18. The letter of
Captain Temple, published yesterday
morning, revealing that President Grant
had ordered the N ivy to protect the
Government of liaez against any demon
strations by 1 lay t i. is confirmed by the
official correspondence, which is also pub
lished this morning. This correspondence
further shows that the Admiral of the port
and Minister Bassett had also notified the
Haytien Government of the order of the
Washington. March 17. There is gond
reason to believe that the present Com
missioner of Pensions will be removed at
an early day. The position will be tend
ered to a Pennsylvanian. but the person
is not yet designated. Ex Representative
Giltillan and Assistant Commissioner
Douglas, of the Internal Revenue, are
names most prominently mentioned,
Bosson. March l.". The Concord N. II.,
Statesman thus sums up the causes of the
Republican defeat : Had Charles Sumner
not been forced from the chairman diip of
the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the
Republican vote would have been larger.
Had the San Domingo scheme been left
to the operation of a natural course, in
stead M' being pished with persistency, it
would have been larger. Had Congress
succeeded in restoring our commerce to
the extent and the importance It had be
fore relied on, it would have been larger.
New Yokk. March 15. The Tribune
this morning says the Republicans in
New Hampshire, yesterday, seem to have
lost the Governor all Congressman, the
Council, and probably the Senate, while
the House is only claimed for the Repub
licans by a majority of from 20 in a body
of 300 members. On the vote from 105
towns the Republicans train on last year's
vote 800. while the Democrats gain :t.42,
a net Democratic gain of 2.420. The Tri
bune then adds that New 1 1 am shire his be
come Democratic. This vote means main
ly, il not wholly. Republican apathy, and
of over confidence and conlinued triumph
of six years, and Republican disaffection
engendered by local quarrels, liquor, ami
the untimely Sumner trouble.
The World Hunts the result in New
Hampshire yesterday, as follows : The
Democrats have elected Governos and
Railroad Commissioners two certainly,
and probably three Congressmen, md a
majority of the State Senate. The House
is in doubt.
CoNCoiiP, March 15. Election returns
tills morning come in slowly, and do not
materially change the estimates already
given. Weston will probably have from
301) to 500 majority. The Third District
is in doubt, the vote being close ; the
returns are not all iu, but Parker (Dem.)
is probably elected.
Washington. March 10. The Commis
sioner of intern il Revenue states that Su
pervisors for North and South Carolina.
Georgia and Mississippi report that in
man j-sections of their d . trie's a reign of
terror exists, and it is totally impossible
to enforce the revenue laws, ltl some
case.i Internal Revenue Officers have been
compelled to flee for their lives A bill
has been prepared, and will be offered in
the House to morrow, providing that for
the purpose of enforcing the revenue laws
in the Southern Slates, the Commissioner
of Internal Revenue may employ such
police force as he may deem necessary to
receive such pay as the Secretary of the
Treasury in ay approve. The bill provides
for the appropriation of a million dollars
to carry out its provisions.
Wa iiiMiroN. March 20. Attorney Gen
eral Chamberlain, of Sou h Carolina, has
arrived here, the bearer of a letter from
Gov. Scott, of that Slate, making a formal
requeat for troops and aid to enforce the
laws. Chamberlain says in some districts
of the Slatt! it has become impossible to
serve any civil process. Authorities are
unable, by reason of the Ku Ivlux organi
zation, to enforce the laws. Gov. soott
requests a regiment of cavalry, as owing
to the peculiar manner in which the Ku
Klux operate, infantry will not be as ef
ficient as cavalry.
It is rumored that Morton will shortly
leave the Senate, and perhaps take Bout
well "s place.
The opinion Is becoming widi spread
that the San Domingo Commissioner's re
port will go in at. the pres uit session.
In the Senate Stewart, from the Com
mittee on Privileges and El 'ctions, made
a report admitting Go.dthwaite, of Alaba
ma, and Blodgett. of Georgia, as Sena
tors from those States. The committee
have not had time to investigate tht sub
ject, ami it would be unjust to keep those
gentlemen from their seats longer and
deny their States from Representation ;
the committee therefore recommend their
admission, and that their right to seats
shall remain subject to future investiga
tions. The Senate confirmed the nomination of
M. Ilolister. as Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court of Idaho.
Secretary Fish received the following
by cable :
Paris, March 10. The National Guards
Committee is mister of Paris. Depart
ments of Inferior and Justice, and Pertec
ture of Police, are occupied by the in
surgents. Gens. Vinow. Thomas and Le
compte have been murdered by troops.
An electron for communes takes . place to
morrow. All members of the' Thiers Gov
ernment have gone to Versailles. I lol
low with the whole diplomatic corps.
EUROPEA.V WAR SEWS.'
Loxnox, March 19. M. Thiers has
issued a proclamation. He appeals to the
malcontents of Montmartre and assures
them that force will be used at all hazards.
Events of the most unfortunate char
acter have just taken place in Paris, and
the situa.iou is hourly becoming graver.
The Government following up the pro- !
clamalion o.' President Thiers, at midnight 1
o i Friday nigtit sent detachments of j
troops and gend'armes to occupy posi
tions of the insurgents at Mon'mirtre. A
considerable number of cannon were re
moved, and the geud urmes made 4 )0 pris
onjrs. In the morning the National
Guards of Beleville and Montm.ir;re. wLh
many unarmed soldiers of the line, ar
rived and released the prisoners. Gen.
Vinoy. who was in command of the Gov
ernment forces, had posted a cordon of
troops around the hill of Montmartre,
and posted mitrailleuses at the approaches,
and prevented all persons from ascending
the bill. The batteries of mitrailleuses
were soon surrounded by angry groups
who demanded to know why the authori
ties distrusted tfce people, and if it.waa
their intention to massacre them boon
a -eneral fraternization commenced, and
the people were allowed to draw the mit
rail euses as de and ascend the heights.
Soldiers on the summit fraternized with
the Nationals who were guarding cannon
..-.. till in their possession. As
lresh troops arrived the people shouted
aiClS!' and iue uiuu
obeyed. . , ,
At 10 o'clock the Nationals held the
ground again, and prevented all unarmed
people from going "P 'be hU. At the
same hour a serious conflict took place in
the riaee Kegalle. Some artillerymen
and chasseurs were surrounded by the
hd'tv rfiob. An officer of the chasseurs.
white endeavoring to disengage ma norse
from the crowd, drew his sabre, and was
instantly dragged from hia horse and
killed. A melee followed. An artillery
man and two Nationals were wortnded
Fighting soon ceased : the soldiers aban
doned their pos's and mingled with .the
crowd, distributing among ihe'ni their cat
ridges and Chassepots. The artillerymen
suffered the people to remove two metriil
leuses. At 11 o'clock many batallions
of the National G lard, fully, organized,
marched into Montmartre shouting Viva-Iif-pnblicue
F' The district was then wholly
in the possession Of Nationals, the soldiers
having deserted. The purpose of the in
surgents is still indefinite. The main
object just now is resistance to the Gov
ernment. Crowds in Montmartre ana nei
leville are unanimous in their clamors
against the Assembly at Bordeaux, and
demand its immediate dissolution and the
election ot a new body, which shall sit in
Paris. Gen. Faren was surrounded for
several hours bv a mob in Montmartre.
his troops proved faithtul, charged and
took three barricades, using the bayonet,
and finallv cut their way out, and escaped
at 1) p. m.
It is reported that Cenerals Lecompte
and Clement Thomas, the latter formerly
Commander-in-chief of the National
Guards, who where captured in the morn
ing, had been shot by the insurgents after
a summary tiial. The news has spread
consternation throughout ttie city.
Vinoy "s staff and troops of the line, and
the entire force of gendarmes, retired to
the left bank of the Seine, leaving the Na
tional Guards to restore order on the right,
and the nationals have assembled at vari
ous points. t
Paris, March 10. The journal-! . this
morning confirm the report of the execu
tion of Gens. Lecompte and Clement
Thomas. After their capture, they were
taken to Garden line des Rosen rs, Mont
martre. where the revolutionary commit
tee held their sittings, and after a brief
trial were condemmed to death, taken out
The Nalidnrtls have placarded two pro
clamations. The first says the French peo
ple have awaited calmly until an attempt
was made to touch the Republic. The
army did not raise its hand against the
arc of liberty of the Republic, but only
against the Government. The people or
Paris are convoked for communr.? signed
by tlie Central Committee, National Guard.
The, second S ys yd i h ive entrusted
i in with the vig:i;s of Paris ; we have driven
out the Government, which betrayed us.
Our mission fulfilled, we now report to
you to prepare for tommnnc elections.
Give us. as the only recompense, the estab
lishment id a real Republic. Thirty sig
An official proclamation of a committee
assuming the name of Central has been
distributed ihroughrv.lt the city'. It says
the men of the. barricades have taken pos
session of the Ministry of Justice,' and as
sassinated Generals Thomas Clements and
Lecompte, who are members of the Com
mittee. Let all who have regard for the
honor and interest of France rally around
the Republic and Ihe Assembly. Signed
by the Ministers at present in Paris.
., " London, March 20. A Times special
says respectable Parhians ara stupified.
Gen Lecompte was abandoned by his
troops and arrested on the heights. Gen.
Thomas' last word was " cowards." He
fell at the first discharge.
The Teltijraph'a specials say Saturday
the gendarmes fired on the Nationals.
The latter returned the fire. Seven were
wounded. Vinoy has been mobbed.
The mob is triumphant and virtually pos
sessed ihe city. Drunkeness is rampant
and women are armed.
Gen. Chanzy has arrived, but was ar
rested by Montmartreists, and it is said
b will be shot to-day.
All the notabilities are flying from
Paris. A dispatch from Versailles says
0Hciel Journal announces that the whole
authorities of Paris and 40.000 good
troops tinder Gen. Vinoy are here. De
partment an'horities must obey only
orders from Versailles, otherwise ihey
will forfeit positions.
It is thought the revolutionary move
ment will extend to Marseilles, Lyons and
Thiers' Government contemplates re
moval to Tours.
It i.s said Vinoy "s gendarmes collected
in provinces have deicrtjd to join the in
'suff.en's. Paims, March 20. --Cannons on Chau
martt were returned Saturday, the guards
being unwilling to become insurgents.
The insurgents hold the Hotel de Ville,
Palais de Justice, Tuilleries and Place
Vendome. Complete apathy is displayed,
and the Burgess makes no resistance to in
surgents. Tlie murder of Lecompte and Thomas
was perpetrated by order of Riciotli Gari
baldi, who directs the insurgents. They
were shot in the garden of line des Ro
sters. Thorn os resisted vigorously when
Garibaldi ordered hirfi to be held against
the wall, while he was riddled with bul
lets. Lecompeie died with the utmost
coolness, smoking a cigar and refusing to
bandage his eyes. Many executions oc
curred. The Government has telegraphed
for 00.000 men from Camp Sarto. to come
to Paris. The Prus-ians a.t St. Denis v.iil
enter Paris if the garrison is increased b0
vond 40,000. The city is full ol Bonapart
ists, London, March 20. "Napoleon arrived
at Dover this afternoon. An immense
crowd Cheered him, including French ref
uges. In Paris this morningthc situation was
unchanged. The National Guards obey
orders Horn the Central 'iepub ican Com
mittee, and have taken up positions at
various quarters, meeting with no resist
ance. Preparations are making for Voting
places throughout the city for the commu
nal elections ordered by the Centra"! Re
publican Committee. There is one repre
sentative to be chosen for every 20,000
voters. Elections will be held on Wed
nesday instead ot Tuesday. The press re
cognize only the authority of the Assem
bly, and declare the present situation un
endurable. Rumors ot every description
are in circulation. One says the National
Guards intend to march on Versailles-
other that the Assembly will remove to
urieans. ami that .they are about to ap
point Faidherbe Generalissimo and Dicta
tor. All papers at the prefecture of po
lice have been destroyed by the National
The Central Committee publish in an of
ficial journal, to-day, a manifesto headed
"Official Journal. Republican Confedera
tion.'' which says the original 215 batta!
lions of the Nationals repudiate disturban
ces. The Government of Paris attempted
to impose on us a commander, and at
tempted, at night to disarm us. ,.Jt re
moves capital, and infamously seeks to
besmear our honor with bloody filth. The
Nationals participated in no crime. TI;s
proclamation fixes the elections for Wed
nesday, and announces that the Commit
tee will abdicate powc after the election.
The Committee warmly decided to respect
the preliminaries of peace for the sake of
the Republic. It appeals to . the Depart
ments and invites quick adhesion and re
spect to the Republic, to justice and to
truth.. Complete political amnesty is
promised. The Courts are abolished. The
Committee repudiates participation in the
execution of Generals Lecompte aud
London. March 21. A T.?' 'special
says many were shot, without trial on. Sun
day. The Nationals threaten to shoot
Thiers. Vinoy and Anrelles if captured.
There is a strong reaction against the in
surgents among the respectable inhabit
ants. The Red Central Committee is
alarmed, and seeks the meditation of the
Mayors for the appointment of Admiral
Saizett to command the Nationals.
Vi'iWAiti.fcsj. March 21. 20.000 troops
irt the neighborhood. The Chamber, of
Assembly, resolved to appoint a commit
tee to Consider the state of France and
putting the Departments of Seine and Oise
in a state of seitf. , ... . , .
VEi:.sAirxf:s. March 2C3. In the Assem
bly, Mountain Was absent. A committed
was ordered to report measures for deal
ing with Paris energetically. A fesolu
tion. proposed by Picard. proposes an ur
gent state of seige of Seine and Oise.
A dispatch from Versailles says the
trade people are discontented.
Rouher. imprisoned at Boulogne, nar
rowly e?caped lynch law. I lis wife and
daughter were arrested, and other Impe
rialists at Boulogne will be arrested.
Pksth. March 20. The Diet of the Gov
ernment was attacked for not interfering
in the peace preliminary, and in lavor ot
France, and Rassy defended the Govern
ment. He said that care for the real in
terests of monarchy prevented it. We
could only follow a war policy ; if its ex
istence was menaced, then it would devel
op unexpected strength.
Madrid .March 20. Epoca contradicts
the story of the effort to sell Cuba and
Porto Rico to the United Slates.
London. March 22. Latest advices from
the interior of Paris are to one o'clock
p. m. The city was tranquil.
A placard signed by the Mayors Whose
signatures Were appended to the mani
festo of yesterday, informed citizens thut
the Assembly at Versailles has voted as
urgent the proposal far the election of a
Municipal Council, and hope that the Na
tional Guard will prevent further conflict
until a final decision of ihe Asssembly is
The Versailles Assembly approved the
proclamation condemning the attempt of
a lew madmen to involve r ranee m nun
and dishonor the whole country. It ap
peals U) troops and citizens to rally aud
save the noble Republic. The Assembly
declared, in favor of an urgent bill abro
gating the decree suppressing councils.
Pic ml announced that all functionaries
in the Departments offered to the Assem
bly armed support. The Government will
present, cn Wednesday, a bill lor the elec
tion of Municipalities.
Vkk.saii-i.ks. March 22. All chiefs of
bat tall ions of Nationals, second arrondis
semenr. have signed the manifesto joining
the Deputies and Mayors of Paris iu the
determination to defend, the Republic's
tranquillity against any cm' ; also the or
ganiz ition ot special protection for their
arrondisernont. There are similar move
ments in other arrondissemenls.
There was a demonstration to day in
favor ot a union of men of order. The
demonstrators proceeded to the insur
gents' headquarters win 1 bayonets bar
red their passage. The nuvement is still
likely to spre id.
Pauls. Match 21. The insurgent Gov
ernment announces that forts wiij. immedi
ately be armed to insure the defense of
the -capita! ; it has also sent an ultimatum
to Thiers, fixing the 2 I'd 'as the last day
for the return of the Assembly to Paris.
If they return ihey shall have liberty of
action ; it, they relnse, tlie .National ijruaru
will march' to Versailles and disperse them.
General Chauzy and other officers are still
detained by the insutge'nts. but there are
hopes of their -poed y relert-e. Ti e Mayor"
of Paris protest against and refuse to car
ry out illegal orders for communal elec
tions. The Assembly unanimously con
demns the disorders and their authors.
The Nationals now only demand the mini-,
ination of Saisset, The Government
promises speedy intervention Tith the
army now rallied before Versailles.
At a meeting of editors of the Paris
pi-ess. held to day. a resolution was adopt
ed d eclating that the convocation" of elec
tors for to-morrow should, be regarded
null and void. Public opinion is against
ths' committee which ordered it, and it is
to be hoped the committee ' not implica
ted n th; illegil and criminal acts of t c
nsi.rgents. and iha? now i.- ihe time lor
th Na ional G iat d of Paris to com; tor
ward and put an end to this deplorable
state of affairs.
The indignaties inflicted on Gen. Chanzy,
the many arbitrary arrests m ide. and the
suspension of Fuaro and ( wdols. have
caused general indignation. The address
issued yesterday makes a good impression.
The Government a Vet ? lilies has resolved
to try to re-establish order.
Letter from J. S- Smith-
We find the following letter from Repre
sentative Smith in the ILrald of the 22d
UrAsm.vGTO D. C March 1, 1 871.
. My Dkak Sin : The but appropriation
bill for Ihe session has passed the House.
In the last one. which passed yesterday.
Oregon-gets S'ioO.ooo. . In the river and
harbor bill we get $22,500 for the improve
ment of the Lmpqna all that the en
gineers ask for'. Adding the appropria
tion for the Indian service, we have near
ly $100,001) specifically Appropriated for
our State this session. If we add to this
amount the sums expended for military
and postal service, salaries of federal of
ficers, and other disbursements on govern
ment account within our limits, it will be
seen that Oregon will get her full share
of the money to be expended by the gov
ernment during the next fiscal "year.
At any rate. I h ive secured all I could
in the bills passed by the House, and have
succeeded qu t as well as I expected.
Several of the bills are yet to be voted
upon by the Senate, and the amounts re
ferred to may be increased. They are
not likely to lie reduced.
A State that has but one member of the
House, has fewer chances of getting what
it is entitled to than have the larger one.
In view of that fact, and the not less im
portant one that I belong to the minority
side of the House, it seems to me I have
h id reasonab'e success in the mat 'e".-of se
curing appropriations. I believe they are
much larger than our Stafe ever secured
before. We get SoO.OOO for extending the
public surveys ; SIOO.OOO for the Custom
House at Portland ; $30,000 for a Light
House on Cape Foulweathor. and $10,000
for a Custom House at Astoria .c. ifcc.
There will be no more land grants made
this session. Respectfully vours.
J. S. Smith
The Author. On demand of Mr. Fay
for the' author of the letters relating to
the Fay-Rails affray at Jacksonville, he
v?as informed that J. R. Neil was the person.
The National Debt. It i3 somewhat
remarkable what a facalf the Radical
Administration has of claiming aed.it
tion in th national expenditure eacn
year. They never think or mentioning
the fact that each succeeding Congress ha'a
to pay a deficiency 'bill. This deficiency
bill Utb year amonnis to only 3,000,000.
The Freedman's Bureau takes, only $100
000 of this, which is pretty well. If the
Radicals couVd always guesq Within $100
000 of what this " Bureau" costs the peo'
ple perhaps we bad ought Jo be satisfied
until the Democrats can abolish it alto-
On the 2d inst., the Senate conBrmecl
Gen. McKinney as Superintendent of fa-
diau Affairs for Washiaton Territory'
N. Cornoyer, Indian .Agent, UmatillaCjtiec
ervation ; John Smith, Agent Warm
springs Ueservation, and Joel Palmer
Igent at Silefz.
Governor Butler, of Nebraska, nd k
radical of the worst type, is about iiy be
impeached for stealing seventeen thous
and dollars frorrl the state treasurer. .The
Butler family eeems to be in , ill hick'.
What, with Ben.. Roderick Random i.But
ler. and the Nebraska govern 3r, 'hings
don't look very bright.
Advanced. The subscription price o,f
the Weekly Jlcfci'.ry lias been iccreased
to $3 per annum. It is cheap enough at
CTtoe Pkosi-kcts in Poi.k Colxty. Tho
Dallas Republican of Saturday says: "Tbt?
weather for the past week haa Keen go
rainy that but little has been done in
business in apy line. There hasbefcn con
siderable plowing done the paft winter,
and farmers are nov Anxiously .waiting
b r a change of weather more favorable
for seeding. There will be more seeding
than common done this poring, if the rain
do not continue too late.
The N ew Haven Palladium thinks the
proposition from a Southern editor that
Raphael Semmes be appointed tO,serveon
the Alabamma Claims Commission the
"coolest pieccof impudence" It has lately
Be Wish To-dat. ' Tis madness to neg.
lect a cough or cold. Consumption mar
f l!ow, and though Dr. Wislar's B:ham of
Witil f lurry cures the latter.disea.se, yet the
former disappear at once Under its lnfluecd
Undertakers grow rich and grave yardi
reek with the mouldeiing bones of thou
sands who prematurely fall as victims to
lhese relentless destroyers, Catarrh, Itfto
chitis and Consumption. The two lattsr
di- a.ses are but the children of the former,
wh'ch is easily s,nd surely cured by usin
Dr. Sa:-'s Catart h Itjtneuy, whicJa for the
cure of the two Litter 'diseases' not! iri
equals. Dr. Pieice's Alt. Ext. or Coldn
Medical Discovery. B-th medicines arew)d
by t ruggists, or "the Catarrh Remedy m t
be obt, lined bv enclosing sixty cents to Ir
It. V. Pierce, "Bufi'.lo, N. Y.
REAL ESTATE DEALER.
Offiee, , f.'o. G4 Front Street,
PORTLAND, - - 1 OREG0.W
REAL ESTATE In this CITY and
EAST PORTLAND, in the most d.sirabli
localities. eo'nsifting . of LOTS, HALF
BLOCKS and BLOCKS, HOUSES tttf
IMPROVED FARMS: and valuabh
uncultivated LANDS,, located in ALL parts
of the STATE for SALE..
REAL ESTATE and other Propertr
purchased. for Corresfmndents, in rfrfs CITt
and throughout the STATES, and TERR!
TORIES, with great care and OH the most
A D V A X T A G E 0 U S T E R J S .
. TIOCSE nnd STORES LEASED.
LOANS NiT'OTrATED. and CLAIMS OF
ALL DESCRIPTIONS PROMPTLY COL
LECTED. And a General FINANCIAL and
AGENCY BUSINESS transacted.
AGENTS of this OFFICE ffl all the
CITIES and TOWNS in the STATE, will re
ceive descriptions of FARM ITiOi'EI'TY
andjforward the same to the above addrew.
Feb. 3, 1871.
REAL ESTATE EXCHANGE
GEO. Iu. CMRY,'
DEALER IN "REAL ESTATE AND
Commissioner Selecting Swamp and Ortt;
F.um Lands sold and purchasers obtaiDfJ
for all kinds of landed property.
aluab'e securities transferred in exchange
for real estate. ,
Loans negotiated on property, and titles
examined and determined..
Commissions solicited and executed with
fid dbv and promptness.
OFFICE No. u Carter's Building," comer
of Alder and Front streets. q
F. b. :?, J.-70:tf
AVilljiinet.te Lodge No. 131. O. Gi. T
Meets every Saturday evening, at the roomi
S.E. corner of Main and Fifth streets, at 7 1-f
o'clock. Visiting members are invited to
attend. By order Of (jy. C. T.
IiiIttsomjiHr.oc1i;e o. 1, A. F. nd
A A. M. Holds Its regular communica
-Vyrtions on the FirH and Third JSatttr
rr.iy in each month, at 7 o'clock fr a
the 20th of Septi rnber to the 20th '
March, and 74 o'clock from the 20th f
March to the Soi.h ot September. Breth-'
ren m good standing are invited to attend.
Dec. 23.1870, Uyorderof W. M.
Rebecca. Degree I,oIge Ao. 2, I. O. O; P
J$ Meet on the SeconcTand Fourth
1 UJDAY EVEXIXGS,
of each month, at 7 o'clock, in Odd Fcllowi
Hall. Members of the Degree are invited i
attend. Ilv order of N. G.
Oregon Loage o. 3, I. O. of O. F.'
SEser Meets every Thursday even
bri ing at 7 o'clock, in Odd Fellow'i
Members of the Order are invited io atfenJ
By order. w W.' G.
CnvrrED HaSds att'dFace, sore lips, dry
ness of the skin, Ac.,' Ac, cured a9ofice Vf W
liegeman's Camphor. Ice with Glycerine. .".
it keeps the hands soft in all weather. S
that you get liegeman's. Sold by all drtfff-gists,'-only
'2r cents. Manufactured ofdy bj
Uegemati & Co., Chem ats and Druggis1-"'
New York. dec3(My 0
fiARRfASE GUIDE. -
EVER V ONE If IS OWN DOCTOR. j?
A private instructor for married person 1 .
or those about to be married, both male and
female, in everything concerning the phyff-"
ioTogy and relations of our sexual system,
and tlie production and prevention "of oS
spring, including all the new discoveries -;
never before given in the English-, language. ,
by WM. YOU NO, M. D. This is reaJfy a val
uible and interesting work, ft iV written -,
in plain language for the genera! reader, and
is illustrated with numerofts engravings.
All young married people, or those contem
plating marriage, and having the least im
pediment to married life, should read tbi "i
bock. It discloses secrets that every one
fthould be acquainted with ; still it is a book ;
that must be locked up and not He abouf .
the house. It will be sent to anv address
on receipt of fifty cents. Address Dr. WM- .