Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1869)
Orogon City, Oregon ,
D. M. McKENNEY, Editor.
Jonx Myeus, Financial Agent.
Saturday : : December 25. 1869.
Meeting of the Demociatic State Cen
. The Democratic Central Committee of the
State of Oregon, is hereby requested to meet
at the City of Portland, in said State, on
SA TURD A Y, the kth day of JANUARY,
next, at 2 o'clock p. m. of said day, for the
purpose of appointing the time and manner
of holding a Democratic State Convention,
preparatory to next June election, and to
transact such other business as may properly
come before said committee.
Said Committee is composed as follows :
J. C. IlAWTiionxE. Multnomah
A. F. Hedges Clackamas
"W. S. Scoggix
A. S. Newj;y
Geohge R. Helm. . . ,
J C. Avert
Rexjamin Havdex . .
JOIIX WlIITEAKER. . .
Lafayette Laxe. . .
T. 11. B. Shipley...
David Randall . . . .
(Jkokge Kxox .v.
Sam cel. Joiinsox. . .
James 11. Shinx
Victor Tkevitt. . . .
E. S. McComas
D. J. Lom e
L. F. G rover
. . .Josephine
, . . .Tillamook
A general attendance is urged upon the
members of the Committee.
L. F. G ROVER, Chairman.
We welcome the return of this festival of
the Christian Church, and hope that it may
prove to all our readers a "merry Christ
mas." It has been many centuries since the
Shepherds in the region '-round about" Beth
lehem, first heard that glorious pong of the
angels, "Peace on earth, good will towards
men," but each recurring anniversary, since
the import of the message wasundc retouch
has been joyously welcomed, by some, at
least, among the children of men. Unlike
most of the other festivals of the Church, it
was early regarded as possessing a two fold
character a day of holy commemoration,
and of cheerful merriment. There was much
difficulty in the early Church in fixing upon
a day to be observed as the anniversary o
hrist's birth. The Eastern Churches cele-
ebrated it in the Spring of the year. But in
the 4th century, under Pope Julian 1. an in
vestigation was made which resulted in an
agreement between the Churches of the East
and the West to observe the 25th of Dec
Though the matter wa settled at last, to the
satisfaction of the parties in the controversy
it has not been left undisturbed. TLe weight
of evidence seems to be in favor of the date
originally observed, by the Eastern Churches.
But practically so far as we are concerned
it makes no d. Terence, what day we observe.
We can leave all questions of this character
to the doctors of the Church, and partic'pate
in the joys which the season brings, with
hearts overflowing with gratitude for the
great Gift, of which we are so forcibly re.
minded. A description of the method in
which this festival has been observed in the
differ: nt ages of the Church, would form an
interesting cl apter in history. During the
middle ages it was celebrated with fantastic
rites and ceremonies. "The custom of sing
ing canticles at Christmas, called carols,
which recalled the songs of the Shepherds
at the birth of Christ, dates from the time
when the common people coated to under
stand Latin." Priests joined with the popu
lace in these .songs which were enlivened bj
dances, and the music of various instru-rnents;-
In Protestant Germany and parts of North
orn Europe, the day is kuown as the ''child
ren's festival and on Christmas eve pres
ents (ire given among the members of the
family, without the donors being known.
This is accomplished by means of a Christ
mas tree, upon which the presents are hunc.
In pome villages it was formerly the custom
for the parents to carry the presents to some
person in the village, who would, when the
ptoper time arrived, put on a white robe, a
mask, and a flaxen wig, and call at the homes
ot the children, inquire carefully into their
conduct during the preceding j-ear.and make
them such presents as had been entrusted to
his keeping. And this we suppose to be the
origin ot Santa Claus, whose coming about
Christmas is so anxiously-lacked for.
Christmas has always been at once a re
ligions, domestic and merry-making festival ,
in England, equally for every rank, and every
a pre. The rsvcls need to begin on ChrL-tmas
eve, and continued often till Candlemas (Feb.
2) every day being a holiday till twelfth
n'ght(Jan.6.) "During these days there
was reastiag and revelry and mirth in the
homes of the noble. The custom of deco
rating houses and churches with evergreen
is said to have been derived from ancicui
rnd practices. It wa aQ old belief that
Fylvon spirits miht Cock to the everceen
tind remain unnipped by frost until a milder
season." duplets made at holly, ivydaurel
and mistletoe were worn about the' head,
from which practice came the phrases to
"kisa under tha rose," to "whisper under
the mistletoe, ' Puritan sternness for-
bade for awhile ie observance of fhis festi-1
vai in ttie northern am' eastern portions of!
our own country, but th's has rrji.hm'lv t-
l.ixed, until tie day has Iwcome almost a
national holiday, it is well for us not to lose
tlie mcaninj of" the day amid the festivities
to which it gives rise, but be ourselves active
in promohnjr neuue cu earth and goud will
anion g men,
XHIii OltECiOIS tEXTKAL It. II.
Track laying on the first twenty miles
of the Oregon Central Railroad Laving
been completed, and the line being now
ready for an inspection by the commis
sioners who have been appointed by the
President for that purpose, under the pro
visions of the act of Congress granting
lands to aid in the construction of such
railroad and telegraph, it is understood
that on Monday next the first regularly
made up passenger train of cars that has
ever passed over twenty consecutive
mile of iron in Oregon will, with the com
missioners so appointed, the owner and
officers of the road, and perhaps a few in
vited friendf make the trip through from
This event, properly construed, will be
handed to the future historian as ihe most
important one which has ever transpired
for Oregon and we are glad" to know that
most of our citizens seem to appreciate it.
It is not so much for this twenty miles of
railroad, finished, to-day ; but it is at the
auspicious beginning of a great enterprise
that we are looking now. with ardent joy.
True, in a. literal sense, the beginning of
this wort dates; back a few year3and
some persons may not consider our lang
uage appropriate, to term the completion
of this division a beginning of the work
so essential to the prosperity of this State,
nevertheless, it is so ; and to attest this
statement one has but to briefly recall the
now silenced, but unfortunate troubles
which arose in 18GG between "east side"
and"wqst side." The files of the Enter
prise for that period covering the fiercest
struggles of the contest, show tbi? nature
of the case too plainlyto be ruisumler
stood, and, while there has been a change
of administration in the paper, our senti
ments and feelings are just as firmly de
voted to measures of this kind for the good
of the State at large, as those of our pred
ecessor could possibly have been. Hence,
with a due appreciation f the blessings!
likely to be conferred upon Oregon by
the building of railroads, etc., we lift our
hat in the general hurrah ; wishing for the
projectors, who have carried the work
thus far toward success, all that their lib
eral expenditure calls for.
There remains no room to doubt but
ifiat Mr. Ilolladay contemplates the rapid
completion of the, road to the southern
boundary of this State, there to connect
with the California end of the line which
will place us in direct communication
with all the principal cities of the United
States. Mr. Iirogks is now in the field
with his corps of surveyors, a.id we are
informed that about 200 miles is "staked
off" for the next summer's work. We do
not suppose that any fifty miles of the
future work upon this railroad will be as
hard to construct; or, in other words, will
be attended with anything like the diffi
culties which it has been necessary to
overcome in the construction ot the divis
ion now completed. Let us hope, at all
events, that in the future there may be
fairer sailing for the Oregon Central Hail
Radical Designs Airainst tlic State of
From the Courier-Journal.
An effort is to be made at the coming
session of Congress to keep Georgia unre
constructed or to remand her to a condi
tion of non-recon.struction and to shut her
out of representation in Congress,allhougb
she is now represented in the Lower
House. The expulsion of the negro mem
bers of her Legislature is the ground as
sumed for holding her in an unrecon
structed condition or'remanding her to it,
The ground for thee assumption is prepos
terous. If the Legislature violated or
transcended its Constitutional powers in
the expulsion of the negroes, let the proper
correction of the wrong be sought and en
forced in the proper way, but Georgia is
neither more nor less a State of the Union
Jon account of that action of her Legisla
ture.. Long ago she strictly fulfilled all
sthe conditions of reconstruction required
of her by the reconstruction acts. To
deny her the prerogatives of a State is
therefore a.fraud and an outrage not only
upon her but upon all the rest of the Union.
It is probably not within the range of
possibility for any State to perform so
scrupulously all the conditions of recon
struction as to be able to get into the
Union if the Radicals in Congress think
that partis m expediency requires her ex
clusion. .Partisan expediency,, is in fact
the only constitution and laPs now ad
ministered from the seat of Government.
A Taste op San DriiGO Weather. The
San Diego Union says: Tuesday, the
26th ultimo, brought us an east wind more
sirocco like than anything w-e have before
experienced this season. Coming from
the desert, it searched and licked up mois
ture like a thirsty demon. Housekeepers
found their doors warped, their new bread
becoming as dry as 4 remainder buscuit'
after a voyage, and their watermelons cut
for dessert, growing sapless as oys'
sponges in a school vacation. Storekeep
ers saw their salt and sugar growing
firmer' than the market quotations, and
their straw paper cracking like glass when
folded around bundles. "Editors beheld
their ink and mucilage curdling, like co-.O
ardly blood, their books for review warp
ing in their covers, likctbij judgment of
their authors, and their exchanges, even
the dullest of tbem.growing crispy. Every
body's nervous membrane suffered dedi
cation, and nose-bleed and spitting blood
became the order of the day among the
feeble. All things ' dried up.' except do
mestic scolds and the whale that has been
' blowing in the bay. Being surrounded
by a mass of yvitter, which the sirocco
could not possibly exhaust, he probably
defied its power and gave 'blow for blow"' !
i eriiaps we need about one such unnleas
'.i ,i . i ... . i
a.rt la-v in aoh month to mak&us annre-
ou-er twenty-nine which are
The Doseret Xems says the Salt Lake
Theatre wa perhaps, the first and only
theatre upon this continent that was ever
dedicated by praye.v'
Boutwcll'i Blunders Bulling Bonds
and Bearing Gold.
That the price of gold, like the price of
wheat and other commodities, depends
upon other causes than the volume of the
currency is abundantly proved by the ex
perience of the last fivS years. From
September 1, 1SGG, to September 1, 18G7,
Mr. McCulloch effected a reduction of
$111,000,000 in the currency, yet the price
of gold remained the same.
Mr. Boutwell came into office on a high
horse, and declared that he would carry
out his views in spite of Wall street and
the basiness interests cf the country. He
would save every greenback and dollar
received from internal revenue and cus
toms, and hoard it in the Treasury stock
ing, the same as farmers put their money
behind a chimney brick. What was the
result? Gold went up; securities came
down ; business was prostrated ; manufac
turers and merchants could not obtain
funds to carry on their operations, and
workmen were thrown out of employment.
The country was on the verge of a great
financial panic. Above all, the fall elec
tions were coming on, and it would never
do to ask bankrupt merchants,c ruined
farmers, and starving workmen for their
Then the plan of buying bonds and sell
ing gold was devised. So far as it re
leased the useless hoards in the Treasury
and thus vitalized trade, the policy was
good. But it put an extra $1.5 or S20 to
the price of every $100 bond, and in this
respect it was an outrage on the taxpay
ers. Boutwell buys up bonds, and in
creases their price by rendering them
scarce. On the other hand, he sells gold
and reduces its value in currency, by ren
dering it plenty. '
The effects of this see-saw policy remain
to be seen when the causes that produced
it cease to exist. For it is not in the na
ture of things that this blundering course
can long be tolerated. But great as is the
outrage of paying a premium of l320
per cent, for bonds, the mischief is far
greater in view of the probabilities that
our blundering legislators will accept the
present artificial prices of gold and bonds
as the bases of laws that.may, and proba
bly will, still further embarrass and ruin
the industry of the country.
It is by no means probable that we have
heard the last of contraction. It still has
its advocates. We are told that measures
are to be adopted by Congress to render
the currency so scarce as to make every
greenback as valuable as gold. If this
proposition should be seriously carried
out, we shall have a worse financial panic
than occurred in 1837. Money is now so
scarce that it only requires to render it a
little scarcer to bankrupt half -the racr-1
chants ot the United btates in a month.
But, say the contractionisls, there is not
gold enough in the country to redeem all
the greenbacks. Well, there is no neces
sity that there should be. Some wiseacres
think that it is necessary to have a dollar
in gold for every dollar in specie. They
think that everybody will ru:hto exchange
greenbacks for specie. They will do no
such thing. All people will demand is
that they shall be assured that they can
exchange their greenbacks for gold when
they want it. Experience shows that one
dollar in gold for four dollars in paper, or
twenty-five per cent, in specie of the
amount of notes in circulation, is entirely
safe. Practically, fiiteen percent, in gold
is enough to redeem all the notes that are
ever likely to be presented. The New
York banks now have more gold lying
idle in ttieir vaults than they ever had in
the specie-paying times. They could
saiely resume to-day. so far as th.y are
concerned. 1 he United btates Treasury
has over $100,000,000 in specie locked up.
this, in proportion to the volume of the
currency, is more than :".s held by the banks
"of England and France more than was
ever held in all the banks of the United
States in specie-paying times. Fcrmeroy's
Radicalism Put to Practice.
From the Mobile Register.
Several days since. Colonel Milne chief
of police, received a letter from a citizen
of Citronville, named Logan, Containing
the information that his daughter Rosaline
ji girl of thirteen years, had been stolen
from his house at night by a negro named
Harry James alias White, and it was sup
posed he had taken her to Mobile. A de
scription of the parties was furnished, and
yesterday the police succeeded in find
ing them in a notorious den on St. ,Louis
street, where they had been living togeth
er since their arrival in the city. Upon
being brought to the guardhouse, the girl
vehemently asserted that she had not been
abducted by the negro, but had eloped
with him of her own accord ; that seven
months since he had seduced her, by her
own free will and consent, and she loved
bim better than life, and was willing to die
for him, if necessary. The girl, who is
quite prepossessing in appearance, is
about four feet in hight. compactly built,
has a fair complexion, black eyes and
short curly hair, and, horrible to relate, is
in a well advanced state of pregnancy.
The object of her strange and unnatural
infatuation is a large buck negro, about
twenty-five years ot age, and in appear
ance would present no attraction to evn
the veriest negro hag in the city. He in
formed the officers 'that became to Mobile!
for the purpose of getting married. Both ;
parties are now locked up in the city guard-
house awaiting the arrival of the girl s pa
rents. We have narrated the bare facts
in tins disgusting case, ana leave our
readers to make their own comments.
The X. Y. Times on t lie- Butler Itc
The Tunes says, aside from the3austic
which he applied to Greeley. Butler's let
ter U a case otpecial pleading altogether
out cf place. It renews the prescription
of Southern men; it destroys the dignity
of the United States and confidence it al
ready feels in our own people and the
confidence it seeks io inspire in foreign
powers regarding its future. All these
alike demand a proud and geneus poli
cy general amnesty. If there chance to
be here and there men whom it is well to
except, let them be individually reserved
by rarne from the operation of a wide
sweeninx magnanimous act. We have
conquered once bv arms, let us conquer I
again by. magnanimity. Q 1
COURTESY OF BANCROFT LIBRARY,
Murder at Columbus Ohio. -
Cotxmi;i:s. Dec. 1G.
George Engle was murdered in a saloon
at two o'clock this morning by two com
panions, with whom he had been spend
ing the night in drinking and gambling.
Minister Convicted or Killing His
roTTSviiXE. Penn.. Dec- 16.
Samuel Narkervis. an English preacher
at centerville. is convicted ot murder in
the first degree for killing his infant child.
His wife was acquitted.
Cincinnati, Dec. 16.
Win. Ulmer, a German, aged seventy
six, committed suicide yesterday with ar
nenic. He was a German physician.
Suicide at Louisville.
Louisville. Dec. 16.
Edwin Bryant jumped from the third
story window of Willard's Hotel, this
morning and was crushed to death. He
was the author of a book giving accounts
of two trips to California, which he made
in 1840 and 1850.
Sentence for Murder.
Louis vTLLE, Dec. 16.
Hiram C.Powers is sentenced to be exe
cuted, Feb. 4th, for the murder of Richard
New York, Dec. 21.
A.mceting of workingmen of this city
was held last evening, for the purpose of
considering the question of cheap labor.
Resolutions were adopted strongly protest
ing against the importation of Chinese in
to the country by any commission, or im
migrant society, as an injury to the work
ing class, and calling on Congress to take
measures to prevent the evil.
D. II. Items, formerly a Methodist minis
ter, and J, Harrigan.both policemen, were
yesterday dismissed for robbery.
Dcutli of an Ohiu Senator.
Cincinnati. Dec. 17.
John Russell, Secretary of State for
Ohio, and State Senator elect from his dis
trict, died at his residence yesterday even
ing. This death leaves the Senate politi
cally a tie.
Illinois Constitutional Convention.
Chicago. Dec. 17.
The Illinois Constitutional Convention
completed its organization yesterday,
electing Hitchcock, (Rep.,) of Chicago,
elected on citizen's ticket, for President.
Harmoi.;(Dem.,) of Cairo, was elected
mostly by straight Democratic votes, as
sisted by most of the Republicans elected
on independent tickets. The straight Re
publicans voted for Republicans only,
Stanton'Appointrtl Associate Justice
. of tnc Supreme Court.
Washington, Dec. 20.
The Freiident sent to the Senate to day
the nomination of Edwin M. Staton as As
sociate"! nstice of the Supreme Court, vice
Grier resigned. Immediately on receiv
ing the nomination the Senate went into
executive session, and confirmed Stanton
46 to 11. f;
George Francis Train Snnllcd.
o New Yokk. Dec. 20.
George Francis Train found the doors
of the Cooper Institute closed against
him last evening, by order of the Board
of Trustees. His expected lecture, there
fore, did not come off. He demands $2,500
Locomotive Boiler Explosion.
Philadelphia, Dec. 20.
An old locomotive on the Reading Rail
road exploded to-day. kiliing the enginei r
James Xagle, iu&tantly, and injuring three
Earthquake at DIemplii.
Mem raws. Dec. 20.
A f hock of earthquake was felt here at
twro o clock this morning, lasting severa
d; From Texas.
NewOhleans. Dec. 20.
The Houston Telegraph reports returns
from 119 counties. Davis' majority is 020
with only 7 counties yet to be heard iVom.
Ihe Legislature is: benate, 1.5 Republi
cans, 14 Conservatives ; 3 to hear from
House, 26 Republicans, 45 Conservatives;
9 to hear from.
Genl. Reynolds has ordered elections to
be held in counties cf Navarro and Milan,
which did not vote at the general elec
Stevenson Elected Senator in Icii'
New York. Dec. 16.
The following is the result of the ballot
for United States Senator in Kentucky
Stevenson (Dem.) 117 ; Finley (Rep.) 10 ;
Spaulding. 5 ; John C. Breekenridge, 1.
Necessary for a choice, 67; Stevenscn
was therefore declared Senator elect.
From NortH Carolina.
Raleigh, Dec. 16.
Great indignation prevails throughout
this State in regard to the depression and
misappropriation of railroad and other
bonds issued during the last .session of the
Legislature. Bills are pending in both
houses, requiring the return of all new
State bonds j'etrunsoId, to the Treasury
There are general rumors that bonds ap
propriated for railroad purposes have
been misapplied and fraudulently used
The persons implicated are shunning in
Washington, Dec. 10.
rm. T r-, i 4 1... o .1...
following nominations to-day. J. Wilson
Shaffer, of Illinois, Governor of Utah vice
Durkee ; Benj. F. Potts, of Illinois, Gov
ernor of Montana, vice Ashley.
Charlottesville, Ya., Dec. 16.
Dr. Oliver.an Englishman of prominence
shot and killed, to-day. George Avers, of
Gardner, who charged him with seducing
his daughter, while visiting his house some
Washington, Dec. 21.
Mr. Cragin introduced a joint resolution
to close the accounts of the late Secretary
of the Senate. Forney.
Mr. Cameron said he was satisfied that
Forney's accounts were correct, although
he suffered from misappropriating money
by his confidential officer, tliegovernniPnl
would not lose a cent. A -itatement h
the first comptroller, who examined his
accounts, says they have been fairly adjust
ed. Theoint resolution was passed,
llcconstrtjction for the hcnetlt of Rad
Washington-. Dec. 21.
The Senate took up the bill to perfect
reconstruction in Georgia.
Mr. Morton's amendment was read. It
provides that the Legislature shall be pro
visional until it ratifies the 15th amend
ment, and the State is represented in Con
gress. Mr. Carpenter thought the amendment
unnecessary and pernicious, and mWht
give the southern people reason to say
that while thgy were iu a condition of du
ress, terms of admission were dictated by
Congress. He did not want a future Jef
ferson Davis to bring in a bill of excep
tions and move a new trial.
Mr. Drake said rebel southerners should
be made to feel the 'power of Congress
WUIU1 A 1101 "e s!"vyIed by the fn-
Preme tourt or any other State authority. I
vvhicli could not be s!rvyiglcd by the
GHEELEY TO 1IUT1.EK.
An Appeal for " G u mpt ion" Pro
scription Certain la Subveit the
To Maj. Gen. BenjT F. Butler, M. C. :
3Ij Bear Sir : Your namej I think you
will have remarked, is very often pro
nounced from one end of our country to
the other. I traveling somewhat, ob
serving a little, and reading newspapers
considerably quite often hear it men
tioned, and (it may surprise you to learn)
not always admiringly, And yet, while I
have for many years heard and read all
manner of evil said of you some of it ab
surdly groundless and false I cannot
recollect that I ever heard or read a su-
gestion that you were a fool. Now, I come
before the public to impeach not your
self personally, but a policy wherewith
your name is popularly and prominently
identified, as lacking rational motive and
at war with common sense. I allude to
that policy which prolongs indefinitely the
proscription and disfranchisement of a
large portion of the men of the South for
their part in the late rebellion.
Understand that I speak from the stand
point not of sentiment, but of business.
I do not here impeach that policy as harsh
or hateful, but as deficient in tact in
gumption. I impeach it as nursing
and intensifying enmities certain to
to subvert, at no distant day, the party
which is identified with it. I rest on
the naked fact that 'Ihe Republican party
imminently needs the good will which this
policy repels, and must go under if that
good will be not secured.
I assume that yon realize the absolute
necessity ol the triumph of the Fifteen tfi
Amendment to the success of Gen. Grant's
Administration, and that you must be
aware that the fate of that amendment is
yet doubtful. Ten adverse States suffice
to defeat it ; and seven New Jersey, Dela
ware, Maryland. Kenaicky, Tennessee,
California and Oregon ere already be
yShd hope. The loss of Tennessee was at
once a calamity and a blunder one of
those intense stupidities which a great
party is seldom allowed to repeat. I low
Rhode Island, Indiana, Georgia? and Ne
braska stand I need not inform you. Suf
fice it that it will require the wisest coun
sels and the best efforts to avert the threat
ened failure of that great and wise meas
ure oi saieiy. uenigmry amr-peace.
The men now coming to Congress to de
mand that Tennessee be upset, and Yir
gieia remanded, and Mississippi and Texas
held as satrapies for an indefinite period,
unless they vote as they arc bidden,utt erly
fail to comprehend the situation. They
evidently suppose that we have nothing
at stake that we may keep three or four
States unreconstructed and unrepresented
in Congress during pleasure. I hoe 3-011
know better- at all even's, I d,o. We do
not merely need the fifteenth Amendment
ratified before 1872 we urgently need it
now. IF it be delayed one year lunger we
shall have more than one State Legisla
ture beside that of New York assuming to
withdraw the ratification alretid- accorded,
and'while you and I may rightly deny the
legal validity' of such withdrawal. I am
sure 'neither of us will dispute its moral
Connecticut is to hold an election next
April, when the votes of her colored citi
zens will be found exceedingly useful, ii
not absolutely- needed. New Jers-y and
Pennsylvania?have Unhid States Senators
depending upon the result of their next
Stale-' election respectively, and the like
votes are absolutely' needed in the former,
and probably so iu,l'ne. latter. Several
seats in the flext Congress from Ohio and
other States will be won or lost, as the
right to vote for members shall be exer
cised by their whole 'people or on )y by
ihe whiles. Kentucky, Maryland and
Delaware will each be stottH' and hope
fully contested next 3-ear it' the amend
ment be meantime ratified, while we shall
not ctect one member from all tlsree of
these States- if it be not. To my appre
hension, the control of the next Iloflse gf
Representatives will probably hinge on
1 ask 3 on, then, to consider, as a prac
tical man, whether yve can afford to risk
and choose from among. those disposed to
favor that amendment, yy'hether it will not
be suicidal folly to repel anyr proffered or
possible support? I ask 3-011 whether ary
attempt to pry into the motives of those
who may favor it to ascertain whether
they were not rebels, and, if so. yvhether
they have repented of having been such
is not a childish exhibition of that srit
which "goeth before a fall '"' In short. I
ask you to cousider this whole matter in
the light of naked, hearty, homely com
mon sense, and act upon itas the demands
of the exigency shall seenAo require.
The urgency of the case must excuse the
freedom ot this appeal. Rightly or yvrong
ly, the country regards yon as the leader
in Congres" of those who have been the
most exacting in their requirements of the
defeated rebels, and least inclined to treat
them wnh confidence or generosity. Tl
reproaches which 1 have incurred Jn t
quarter will never attach to von. 1
your adhesion to the policy which the oc
casion commands wrtl neve r be attributed
to weakness or sentimentality. I ask you.
therefore, to place yourself promptly and
heartily at the head of a movement"look
ing to the instant and complete remov
al of all political disability w hatever from
aav and every one who favors or shall fa-
vor the Fifteenth Amendment, and' their
prompt restoration to all privileges of cit
izenship. "Let us have peace.'7
lours. IIokace Gr.r.uLEv.
Xew York, Nov. 2o, ISG'J.
From the Detroit Free Press.
In a recent case in Ingiand, where a
jury yvas to be selected to judge a mur
derer, the counsel for the prisoner desired
the Court to restrain the press from pub
lishing any known or Opposed facts con
cerning th'3 crime, on the ground that
every man intelligent enough for a jury
man was a reader ot newspapers, and the
newspaper HQgounts yvould warpdj is judg
ment. The Court very properly'lold the
Attorney that no such right existed, that
the press yvas free to debate and discuss
any case of crime c) question of govern
ment. Thesame thing was tried not long
ago in Indiana, but in this ihe judge held
that he had jurisdiction o.'er'the press.and
actually imprisoned one or two editors
and reporters for publishing" the trial ;
ceedings", althorgh lie afterward reudi rc
an ample apology. A newspaper is tl
medium of thought and speech bctyveen
tamilies,, neighbors. States and countries.
11m peopie juuge a town oy H3 local
press ; States juftge each other's progress
by each other's press. It is the duty of
n yvspapers to keep the people informed,
t break down the secret trial system.
The only bond necessary is that journalists
shall be candid and fair, shall not be
prejudiced by circumstances or appear
ances, shall kt no momentary excitement
render them favorable to rash and hasty
measures. And this is nearly always the
ca. Public riots yvould be frequent in
every city if not for the strong control of
the press. Social crime would syviftly in
crease if not for the types. Murder and
bloodshed yvould be more frequent if not
for the determination of public journals to
uphold law and good order. The press
largely controls public sentiment every
where. The true journalist realizes fully
the powerful infiwenceof the types, and he
seldom x-rrs wilfully. .The press must be
free, unmuzzled, untrammeled, free to de
bate and discuss, think and to publish,
and in this way only can a free govern
ment of the people be safely maintained.
OCEANS OP PROOF IX A
Harriet Beccijer Stowc tells the world
that Lady Byron made knewn to her the
infamy of Lord Byron and his sister
Lady Augusta Leigh, and the separation
as the consequence of it.'' It noyy turns
out that Lady Byron, ofler this separation,
wrote Augusta Leigh " You have ever
been my best comforter, and will ever re
main such, till 3'ou grow wejuy of the re
lation' The New Y01 k DarJlook s&ys.
of this matter :
The great world of Europe and America
here rest the slander case of Stoyve vs.
Byron ;"' and the verdict will be the con
viction of this female hyna of one of the
foulest moral crimes' known to humanity.
This animal, the hyena, is ofc the genus
Qanls, known to history as a creature that
" tears open graves to obtain its food.'
a cross between the genus
homo and the aiuis, x
ho has torn open the
grave ol Lyrori
moral carrion : 1
is ever hunting "
:e gloats over a picture
sed humanity ; so mon
strous and t'.bnormal is her nature, that
she will seek the most loathsome food, to
dish up ior the mental pahites of her de
praved readers, a;d when she fails to lind
a case bad enough for her pen, she will
invent one. Supposing, from the fale
reputation of Byron, w ho painted himself,
and thus led c?1i!ei to paint him, yvorse
than he was, that she had a good subject,
she clawed uy his bones fr jm theii- resting
place, 'and invented her horrible tale. All
humanity recoiled aghast at her picture.
and though .shocked to the
core, invest i
'. As a to ol
gafed and proved her
11 America, and. a-s tiii
auihor of l.'ncle Tom's Cabin'' it yvas
quite natural that such should have been
the res nit in this especial case.
Attoi .--."i'MKN rs. On the 2 1st the Senate
confirmed a large number of nominations,
including the ful'io'.vin": :
Csainuel 1 i endcrson. Pi
Clara. Cal.; V,. J. Wilson. Postmaster at.
A'llejo, Cal. ; Henry T. Blow, Minister
Plenipotentiary at Brazil : Fred F. Low.
Minister Plenipotentiary at China : E. li.
Wing, of Kentucky, Minister Ves'eient at
: ! .1 I 1 ( 1 1" -I-.!)f: !
James M. Marshall, first Assist-
master (leneral: (leo, Vv How-
nui a, oi .-a:n:i v e. .ew .Mexico : iigar u
Ililiver. Judge of the U.
S. District (Joint.
Marshall of Mon-
! Nevada ; "V. c. Wheeler.
! a n a
Willi mi A
Pike, (Jovernor of Xew
li. Overton. Receiver of Pub
ia Utah : 11. C. Bennett. Pen
ult at San Francisco : I. W. Par
isul at San Iage do Cuba : Geo.lt
. Itegi-ter of Land office in Utah:
C. C. Clements, .Surveyor General for
Utah ; F. i). Tin ner. Postmaster at Carson
City, Xev.; L. I). Laitimer. J. S. District
Attorney for California ; John II. Tagart.
Assessor of Utah ; G. A. Smiih. Collector
of Infernal Revenue in Xew Mexico : C.
J. I-Vjer. Assistant Treasurer of the U. S
at Xew York.
For the Xavy :
Captain Amnion, Chief of the Bureau of
anh and Docks ; Commodore Case,C'iief
ot the Bureau of Ordnance.
The follow ing are the confirmations of
As.-ayers in the Branch Mints :
J. F. Siiermer. at Denver
: F. D. Ilelick.
Carson City ; Oscar
II LaCrange San
I r n x i:i "rs rr.. v i; i xt; kxtj: acts.
TliP. Superiority of thexr Extract consists in
their perfect purity and gr'it strength. They
arc warranted free from the poisonous oils
and acids which enter into the composition
of many of the factitious fruit dowers now
in the maikct. They are not only true to
their names, but are prepared from fruits
of the best qualify, and arc so highly- concen
trated that a comparatively small quantity
only need be used. Joskph Burxektt &. Co.
Coston, Manufacturers and Proprietors. For
sale by all gfocers iid druggists.
At the residence of Mr. George La Itocquo,
, by Rev- John W. Sell woo
Clark, of Euttville, and MisLiry
Sawyer, of this city.
Hew Illustrated Work on California
California 3crap Book!
A repository of useful information and
select reading, comprising choice selections
oi r rose ana roc trv. - :i j t,-.,-;,w, o.i
both Historical. Desirintivf
&""lorous aJ Sentimental
, 4, ,
me coirpncr m arranging and combining
material, has presented the whole in anCin
teresl'mg and attractive style. The brevity
and vaii ty of topics render the work par
tic. daily enteit.iir.iift In this work will be
tAtnd facts and incidents on the Lives of the
Pioneers, am? of the history of the State,
that make its pnges glow fith the fascioa'
tions cf a romance.
We confidently anticipate for this book
a larger sale than any work that has been
circulated upon this Coast for many years.
- It is one large octavo volume of upwards
of TOo Paiges, printed on elegant paper,
handsome type, with numero is spirited en
gravings, illustrating Seenery.Characterc.
It is sold only through canvassing agents,
and those widnng territmy to 'canvass'
should immediately pply iu " person or by
letter to tneunrieivined. J
Wouvals,, just secured the General
Agency f..r the Pae.lie Coa t for t!,
aed Morse's Fountain Pens. An excel
t article for agents.
HIT T A rTV? f,T,i f rr
Saa Francisco, LV.1.
jL 7:" t
I A CTIO Y IV) nn n
A. 15. Kieliu&iiSoil
Corner of Front and Oak streets p0rl
Of Real Estate, Groceries, G eneraUr
d.se and Horses aiirerc.
livery II ednesdau and ,
AT PRIVATE SAIP
English refined Bar and Bundi t
English Square and OctaC c! J'? ;
Horse shoes, Files, Rasp4 stJ
fccrews, Fiy-paus, sheet iron, li'G T
A larcrp JKtnrlmon 4" .
a. b. iw. a,, ,-!Ti:
ALBERT H. KALLEKBEH
Chemist and IhWu.
Ao. 73 FIRST STREET,
Rd. Stark and IVafhinMon
Air Physicians' Prescriptions CW
prepared, at reduced P.-L , 'efuW
assortment of Patent Medicine lwpltl!
ies. Toilet Articles, Fancv ei'
hanu and for sale at lowest prices ' ' 0,1
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
This Bank has established, in connJL
witli i( frMirr:il I'.ntib i n ,r I,,...:
department, and will allow interest oil c'
depo.-its, made in accordance with the con!'"
tions adopted by this Hank.
la cstabli.-h-ng a bavin -s Department tv
Banking Associ -tion has in view the ben.-fit
to accrue to a class cf persons bavin ,IUim
suns to loan, l.y providing a safe i-hc? (f
deposit, ample security, and fair rare 'of in
t crest, as well as to acgieate an: bnu.r
us? idle capital. For the satVtv of de,.
in this Bank, are pledged its entire cWm
and rcsources,and also the personal liiibi!,tl
of its Directors and tockhohtors, as provi.i.
cd by Hectiou 12 of the" National Currentv
Act, approved Jur e .'.J , I8:;l, a greater T'
rity than that gircn by ordinary Saving
D inks. Printed copies of the conditions ut,.
en which deposits arc received, inav be Lai
upon application to the Board.
Jlll.N'KY FAtJAXG lWi,!e--t
J AMES fcJTBFL Ca.shRT
0 DlllEL TORS :
flKXiir Failing, II :xi:v V. Coueett
L. 11. Walkkiklo, J amks Stkel, '
W". .J. YANSciiUy VKlt. r.i'.tf
J5 x9jb B JmA i& Fj
FLUHBMfl, GAS & STEU
So. HO I"ij t Street.
JUST RECEIVED, per
V St hoorier
S From the celebrated Factory of
)M?ssrs. llum-ey A ('., S; l eiuttoh,
), JSew York,
PUMPS OF ENTIRELY NEW TAT-
TIvl.'Ys-; in 1 ,.-;, rti vJt.lo Vi,tV, -.1
economv, SUPERIOR WAXY oil'iti
IX THIS MARKET, CoiiJi-rUin-:
) All sizes tor lead or iron i:pr;
Vp.tm-: axi vihP T-nirrrc iu"ips
S All sizes for b ad or iron j in?f
Ed JENGIXE WELL PUMPS,
esssv ) For deep wells;
bsJ )YA RD WELL PUMPS,
e 'AMALGAM DELLS, for Steamboats,
Si&ta Factories, Churches, etc.
POINTS, for Dure wells;
Hotels, publictbuildings, and private mi
deuces heated with the latest improvements
in steam or hot air apparatus.
I invite citizens generally to call and ex
amine my stock, which has been selected
with great care, and especial attention gives
to the wants of this market.
CL II. MYERS.
110 Front street, Portland, Oregon.
Vatchcs! Rich Jewelry!!
And Silverware !
II. JL. STOjVE,
Watches I Jewelry !
107 Front Street. Portland, Oregon.
-rnll TrtT-I tt im .iltnntlnn e( lite friontt
'.V'. 4 1I1tl till, Ulll.lillill III.T ll.w
tlie piibh'c to his Lanre and Choice as
swftmcnt of FINE WATCHES, from the
must- celebrated makers of E. Howard & Co.
Doslon": Anel.on & Tracer, P. S. JUitiett,
Wa'thain, 'ifess.; Elgin Watches; Jacot's
Self-w'nding Watches; English Watches nnl
others. Also, a well selected stock of hulic
Watches, of all description and styles,whhh
he would be pleased to show to all who msjr
favor bim with a call.
FIXE JEWELRY nnl SOLID SUA LR
J VA li E, E A X O V A H TICL ES,
SU1TARTA-: FOll HOLIDAY
J'EESEXTS : &
Gold and Silver Watches, of different ma
kers. Diamond Pins, Ear-iinas, an J Finscr
rings. Gold I'.racelets. Gold Chatelain
(xuards and Watch Chains. Gold Necklace
Armlets, Crosses and Lockets. Gohibrc!
pins Ear lins, and Finger-ring.
Charms and Keys. California Gold Ring
and Dohmes Pat-nt Rnckels.
Moss Agate Sett.-;. Rings end Cuff IJutt'in.
Wedding lins madtOof pure cohl.exprciy
for that purpose. Gold and Silver Thimbles.
Opera and Marine Glasses, Pebble Specta
cles ard Eve-glasses. S:.Iid Silver Napkin
Rings. Silver Fruit and Cutter Knives.
Solid Si'ver Table and Tea Spoons. I.'cgnla-t-us,
Se'h Thomas., Cbcks, Marine Clocks,
Gilt Galley Cocft, etc.
ZT All the above articles sold Cheap for
Cav'i, and warranted as represented.
Particular attention piven to repairing and
adj ust i n g of Ct. ronometoi s, D uplex aadAuitr
P. L. STONE,
.f f 107 Front street, Portland, Oregon.
TOB PBIVTIXCS XEATT.VEXI
ed at the ENTERPRISE OFF