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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1869)
OREGON CITY, OREGON SATURDAY, APR XL, 21, 1S6!
R. P. BARCLAY",
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. H. B. Co.)
OFFICE At Residence, Main street Ore
gon City, Oregon.
o. M COWN.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
Oregon City, Oregon.
Will attend to all business entrusted to
,tm care in any of the Courts of the fetate.
Collect money .Negotiate loans, sell real estate
etc. Particular attention given to contested
, Land case.
Permanently Located at Oregon City, Oregon
? 0037.9 With Dr. Saffarrans, on Main st.
JAMES A. SMITH,
JUSTICE OF THE TRACE,
AN I) LICENSED CONVEYANCER.
' Rond-t. Deeds, Mortgages. Agreements,
Contracts, and all other kinds of Legal Pa
pers drawn up at shoi i notice. Records ex
amined, and copyiner done. Especial atten
tion piven to the adjustment and collection
Can be found at the Store of S. D.
Francis, K.--q., or at the Court Mouse. 22tf
W. F. HIGHFLELD,
Established since 140, at the o!d stand,
Main Street, Ongon City, Vrcjon.
An Assortment of Watches, Jeiv
rirv, and Setli Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Repairing done on short notice,
md thankful for past favors.
J M PERI A L MILLS.
Savier, LaRoque & Co.,
".TCecp constantly on hand fin sale, flour
Midiin.es. Rran and Chicken Feed. Parties
p urchin 2 feed must furnish the sacks.
Contractor and Builder,
Main St.. OREGON CITY.
rr Will attend to all work in his line, con
pisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner woik
rratniiiK, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
attended t .
Manufacturer and Dealer in
iW'.lin St'Tef, Oregon (i?y,
y Wishes to represent that he is now as
well prepared to furnish any article in his line
as the larpest establishment in the State. He
particularly requests that an examination of
his nock be made before buying elsewhere.
J. F. SIII.LKR. J. "W. SIIATTITCK.
J. P. MILLER & Co.,
MANUFACTCREttS OF AND DF.ALERS IS
lloots sii&t Sioes !
At the Oregon City Boot and Shoe
Store, Main street.
THE BEST SELECTION
Of Ladies', Gents', Roys', and Children's
Boots and Shoes, on hand or made to order
OH EG OX CITY.
All orders for the delivery of merchan
dise or packages and freight of whatever des
cription, to any part of the city, willbeexe
cnted promptly and with care.
ANDREW WILLIS. 1'M. BROL'GIITOX.
WILLIS & BR0UGHT0N.
- Having purchased the interest
Of iS. Cram, in the well known
One door west of Excelsior Market. Oregon
City, announce that they will at all times
keep good horses nr d "carriages to let, at
reasonable rates. Horses bought and sold
or kept by the day or week.
Succn3or to SMITH d- MARSHALL,
BJacJc-Smith find Wagon Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets,
on City Oregon.
ftRlacksmithingin all its branches; Wag
on making and repairing. All work warrant
d to give satisfaction.
RMES & DALLAM,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF
Wood and Willow Ware.
Brushes, Twines, Cordage, etc.,
AND MAXCFACTfRERS OF
Brooms, Pails, Tubs, Washboards, $-c
215 217 Sacramento st.. San Francisco.
113 Maiden Lane, N. Y. Citv.
Si A L. II II I Gil's,
IIS- I i
Corner of Fourth and Main streets.
JO- Keep constantly on hand all kinds of
fresh and salt meats, such as
CORNED BEEF, nAMS,
PICK E LED FORK, LARD,
And everything else to be found in their line
BKEWEE Y. !
Haying purchased the above Brewery wish
to inform the public that he is now prepar
ed to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as can be obtained anywhere in the
Stale. Orders solicited and promptly filled.
Clackamas Division o. 3, S. of T.
Holds its regular meetings on Friday even
ing of each week, at Templar Hall, Oregon
City. Members of the Order are inTited to
attend. By order W. P.
Uinltnomah Lodge No. 1, A, V. and
ffi A. M. Holds its regular rommuni-
cations on the First and T lard Sat
V urdayn in each month, at 7 o'clock,
from the 2oth of September to the -20th of
March, and 7 A o'clock from the 2th of March
to the 20th of September. Brethren in good
standing are invited to attend.
By order ef W. M.
Oregon Lodge No. 3, I. O. of O. I.
.Meets every ednesuay even
ts ing at 7 o'clock, in Masonic Hall,
Members of the Order are invited to attend
By order. C.
"Willamette Loilge 'o. 151. O, C. T
Meets every Saturday evening, at the rooms
8.E. corner of Main and Filth streets, at 7 1-2
o'clock. Visiting members are invited tc
attend. By ordr of W. C. T.
Family Medicine of the Age,
Taken Internally, it Cures
Dysentery, Cholera, Diarrhoea,
Cramp, and pain in the Stomacli.
Bowel Complaints. Painter's Colic,
Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Indig stion,
Sore Throat, Sudden Colds,
Coughs, etc.. etc., etc.
CSED EXTERNALLY, IT CURES,
Boils, Felons. Cuts, li.uistf-, Rums, Scalds,
Old sores, Sprains, Toothvche, Pain in
the Face, A euralgia. Rheumatism,
Fro.-ted feet, etc., etc. 23.4t
j2?All citizens of Oregon who desire
to inform their friends in the old States of
the condition and progress of this State,
can have no more complete and compre
hensive volume of facts to send them than
by subscribing for this journal, and hav
ing us mail it weekly to their friends. We
mail it as directed. For 65 00 paid in ad
vance, wo mail two copies of the Enter
prise one year. Send the paper to friends
in the East.
One copy one year S3 00
Two copies one year. . ... 5 00
Four copies six months 5 00
Eight copies, three months 5 00
HOTELS, RESTAURANTS. &c.
Main Street, Oregon City
J. P. Miller & Co., Proprietors.
The proprietors of the above Hotel take
great pleasure in announcing to the public
that they have made arrangements to keep a
first-class house for the traveling public, and
hope to receive a share of their patronage.
The ITouse is at a very convenient distance
from either landing of the steamboats, and
near the center of business.
MAIN STREET, OREGON CITY
The Proprietors of thi well known
House renew their thanks to the public for
the patronage heretofore so libera ly bestow
ed. Having enlarged and newly furnished
our house, we claim to possess acconimoda-
in every respc-et inferior to no House in
WHITE & RIIOADES,
Feb. 13, i;
Corner of First and Morrison streets,
Th2 best and most comfortable Hotel in the
State, where every want is anticipated,
and cheerfully supplied. Warm and
cold Raths attached to the house.
This Hotel is located near the steamship
Landing. The Hotel Coach will be in at
tendance at all the Landings, to convey
Eassengers and baggage to and from the
ouse free of charge.
JONH C. DORCY,
Samuel d. holmes,
yyilAT CHEER HOUSE!
Nos. 126, 12S and 130 Front street,.
The undersigned having newly furnished
THOROUGHLY RENOVATED this well
known house, solicit increased patronage
from the traveling public. The House has
lately been refitted, and the proprietors are
now able to offer additional inducements to
their patrons. The table will be furnished
with the best market affords, and be under
the immediate supervision of the proprietors
Rooms well furnished and well ventilated.
A large lire-proof safe for the deposit of
valuables. Baggage taken to the hotel free
Nothing will be left undone, which is in
the power of the proprietors to render guests
comfortable. J. LYONS, F. O'CONNOR,
23. tf Proiirieto'-s
(Tate LIXCOLX HOL'SE,)
So. S4 Front street, Portland Oregon,
L. P. W. QUIMIJY. PROPRIETOR,
Late of Western Hotel.)
This house is the most commodious in the
State, nrwiv furnished, and it will be the en
deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
comfortable. The Baggage Wagon will al-
d .it thrt land ner on the arrival
of steamships and river boats, carrying bag
gage to the house free of charge
T K ST A U 11 A N T-
Main street, one door Jforlh of the
Lincoln Bakery, Oregon City.
B. F. Newman, Proprietor.
The proprietor is now prepared to furnish
the public with Hot Coffee. Oyters. P gs-feet,
ame ana M-n.atail hours of the day.
63" Boarders will be accommodated at
o 00 per week. Give me a call and you shall
go ft a saiinea.
Main Street, Oregon City.
M. BROW N, Proprietor, thankful for past
favors, solicits a con inuance of the same.
Fli EE E UX VH DA II A
And the very best qualities of W ines. Liqnors
rT !?s' Feet Tripe, Herring, Oysters
and feardmes constantly on hand.
The conference-meeting through at last,
AVe boys around the vestry waited
To see the girls come tripping past
Like snow-birds willing to be mated.
Not bravar he that leaps the wall
13y level musket-flashes litten,
Than I, who stepped before them all
Who longed to see me get the mitten.
Eut no, she blushed and took my arm !
We let the old folks have the highway.
And started toward the Maple Farm
Along a kind of lovers' by-way.
I can't remember what we said,
Twas nothing worth a eong or story ;
Yet that mde path by which e ped
Seemed all transformed and in a glory.
The snow was crisp beneath our feet,
The moon was full, the fields were gleaming ;
Boyhood and tippet sheltered sweet,
Her face with youth and health was beaming.
The little hand out'side her muff
O sculptor, if you could but mold it 1
So lightly touched my jacket-cuff,
To keep it warm I had to hold it.
To have her with me there alone,
'Twas love and fear and triumph blended,
At lust we reached the foot-woru stone
Where that delicious journey ended.
The old folks, too, were almost home ;
Her dimpled hand the latches fingered,
We heard the voices nearer come,
Yet on the doorstep still we lingered.
She shook her ringlets from her hood,
And with a " Thank you, Ned," dissembled,
But yet I knew she understood
With what a daring wish I trembled.
A cloud passed kindlj- overhead,
The moon was slyly peeping through it,
Yet hid its face, as if it said,
" Come, now or never ! do it ! do it ! "
My lips till then had only known
The kiss of mother and of sister,
But somehow, full upon her own
Sweet, rosy, darling mouth, I kissed her !
Perhaps 'twas boyish love, yet still,
O listless woman, weary lover !
To feel, once more that fresh wild thrill
I'd give, but who can live youth over !
A Curious Invention. Among
the French inventions is one for in
creasing the production of Autumn
wheat. The inventor grounds his
discovery upon the ' alleged fact,
that autumn wheat is not an annual,
but biennial, like the bee-root and
carrot class, and he therefore pro
ceeds to develop the alleged bien
nial properties by a novel plan of
planting and treatment for the in
crease of the product. The ground
is to be well manured, either be
fore winter or at the beginning of
spring, to receive the seed between
the 20th of April and the 10th of
May, this time being chosen to pre
vent the chance of blossoming dur
ing the year. But the time of sow
ing may be advanced from year to
vear. 'Each grain is sown separate-
lv. allow-in cr it a lanre area of
ground, if the soil is rich, but de
nanishing accorindg to its sterility.
It is deposited in rows, in holes at
regular distances, from nine and a
half to twenty- three and a half in
ches asunder, in each direction, the
holes in one row opposite the spaces
in the next. Each hole is to contain
four or five orains. two and a half
inches asunder. When the plants
have attained a height ot lour in
ches, all but the finest one in each
o-roun arc pulled up, and the second
n-no. is then leit ior ine nareht ui
the succeeding vear. This curious
process is stated to increase the pro
duct very greatly.
Mr. Randall's Pardon. Re
ferring to the pardon of Mr. E. G
Randall, the State Journal corre
"Most ot the Orcgomans here,
signed a petition asking the Presi
dent to pardon Randall, late post
master of Portland, on the ground
that it was altogether probable that
he was innocent of the crime of
which he was convicted. The pe
tition and other papers in the case
were submitted to Attorney-Gener
al Everts, for his opinion, last week
On Saturday Mrs. Senator Williams
visited the White House, and at
her request the President sent for
the Attorney-General. He came
and recommended the pardon, and
Mr. Johnson signed it without hes
itation. Mr. Randall and his
friends may thank our delegation
for their efforts, but they owe a
deeper debt of gratitude to the fair
diplomatist whose zeal and tact, I
have no doubt, had more influence
with a stubborn President and a
cold calculating Attorney-General,
than could have been exercised by
a score of members of Congress."
Intemperance is the great na
tional vice of Sweden. It has be
come so alarming that the Legis
lature is called upon to interfere.
Even the victims it is said join in
the cry. The King of Sweden
sympathizes with the temperence:
men, but hesitates to act. ine ag
itators call for a statue ngidlv pro
hibiting the manufacture of liquor,
WIIEX TO GET TlLE BEST.
Ve never admired that species
of wisdom which is boiled down
to a fine proverb, or an apt saying.
These concentrated essences of wit
are pretty much like the English
lord's highly concentrated manures.
"Hodge?' said his lordship to his
tenant, " the time will come when,
by the advancement of science, a
hian may carry concentrated ma
nure enough for a twenty-acre field
in his vest pocket." " Xae doubt,
nae doubt," replied Hodge, "and
he will bring his whole crop to the
barn in his other Jvjkt:t.' So
when some wise one repeats that
"two heads are better than one;"
or that a "rolling stone gathers no
moss " he is well answered by the
counter saws, that " too man v cooks
spoil the broth ;" or that " a ship
always at anchor never brings a
Many of the recommendations
of the agricultural press have no
more foundation than some apho
rism, which, all well enough in its
way, misleads when used as a gen
eral rule. In nothing is this more
frequently seen than in the repeat
ed advice that " the best is the
cheapest." It may be, and often
is; but many a young farmerhas
been ruined by it. It is just as
bad as the opposite, "anything
will do," when carried to extremes.
We have now before us a scolding
article, says the Philadelphia Press,
because some poor fellow told the
editor he could not afford to invest
in blooded stock. lie is told that
" he can't afford not to have" such
stock. The editor thinks lie can
afford it. "There is none cannot
do this; and by following it up,
selling the poorest and keeping the
best, good sheepKgood swine, good
cattle, and good horses will take
the place of such as are inferior and
i he assertion contains it own
refutation ; for if a man can afford
to pay a heavy price for a single
article, when he has not the money,
he might " afford " to change his
whole stock at once without Avait
ing to " follow " up the single pur
chase. He ought to be able to
" afford" for all as for one.
As we have said, maxims and
sayings pfove little; but so far as
they no. they are erood : and that
" a crust ot bread is better than
none at all " is at least as unex
ceptionable as any. We have seen
many a new beginner ruined
through this " get the best " prin
ciple. We knew two young men
W'ho joined to take an old farm to
gether. The barns and buildings
were very poor, and always a source
of annoyance to both Hut they
had no capital, and one of them at
least felt that he could not afiord
to do better. Poor as the place
was, they made money. At length
one proposed to take lip the oppor
tunity to buy the place, which they
had just means enough to do.
One objected. He would rather
buy a new place, and "build his
own house and barn, and have ev
erything new and good." They
dissolved, and he took this course.
Ten years afterwards the one who
remained on the old place, satisfied
with his "crust of bread," was
pretty well off, and had a nice
place. The other, after numerous
struggles, had to sell out at a loss,
and move aw-ay.
Our friend whom we have above
quoted says: do not complain that
extravagant prices are asked for
seeds, tools, or stock, but " get the
best; you can afford to do it."
This, when we are asked to give
such fabulous sums, for little more
than a look at new fruits, potatoes,
grains and so forth, is a little, too
strong. We have followed that
advice a good -deal in our time,
and now- would rather not.
There is no doubt that it is best
to have the best of everything; but
there is no reason why if one has
not a thousand dollars at hand to
spend for anything which might
make one hundred dollars profit,
he should not buy something at
five hundred, on which he may
make forty. If he has not enough
to make ten per cent., why not be
satisfied with eight ?
This seems so simple and so
plain, that it is almost an insult to
the intelligence of the reader to
argue it at all ; but the necessity for
our doing so, is shown bp such
newspaper articles as we have re
ferred to, and also by our daily ex
Our advice to the young farmer
is to " get the best, tchenever you
can afford to," and you can only
afford to do so when you can buy
I without cramping your icorking
Solitude shoAvs us what Ave should
j be. Society shows us Avhat we are.
A VALUABLE PUBLIC DOCUMENT
Therejoort of Joseph S. Wilson,
Commissioner of the General Land
office, for 18Q8, now in press,
and soon to be distributed among
the members of Congress, the
Philadelphia Press says is undoubt
edly the most important of the
many valuable contributions of
this faithful public servant; His
statistics when published, will ex
cite amazing interest among all
classes not simply statesmen, but
practical business men, projectors,
capitlasts, manufacturers, median
ies, laborers, and especially those
who intend to emigrate from other
countries. He shows, among oth
er things, that our immense portion
of the trade of the Asiatics not
withstanding the completion of the
great oceanic canal across the Isth
mus of Suez, three hundred feet
wide and twenty five feet deep to
admit vessels of the largest size,
by which France and England in
tend to reach the Indies by avoid
ing, the old circuitous and boister
ous sea route the completion of
the Pacific Railroad, and our treat
ies with China, will give us almost
the mastery in this magnificent
His reflections upon this point,
supported by exact figures and da
ta, are simply astounding. He
shows that we have now over forty
thousand miles of completed rail
road, with over 20'000 in course of
construction. He gives simple and
short tables, shows the progress of
population from the beginning of
the Government; the Avonderful in
crease of our territorial area from
the same date; the growth of our
commerce and manufactures; bur
mineral resources; and the admira
ble Avorking of our public land sys
tem, the finest in the Avorld. He
proA'es by indubitable statistics
the certainty of the immediate in
crease of our trade Avith the Paci
fic on the completion of the Paci
fic Railroad, Avhich is iioav simply a
matter of days. Hut Ave cannot
gi-e the reader eA-cn a conception
of the Aalue of this work. X oth
ing has eA'er been published that
will be found more useful to editors,
philosophers, statesmen, book mak
ers, and Aviiters, and thinkers gen
erally. Laboring, as this gentle
man constantly does, for the public
good, Avith an enthusiasm recall
ing what Ave read of the great
minds of other days, -with no per
sonal object except to discharge
his duty and to aid in the deA el
opment of the grandeur and re
sources of his countiw, he is thor
oughly in sympathy with CA'ery
progressiA-e idea and movement,
and deseiwes, therefore, the sup
port and thanks of all enlightened
Referring to the cattle traffic
in California, the Sacramento Pec
ord says :
A feAV men in San Francisco own
the bulk of all the cattle in Cali
fornia. SloAvdy but surely for years
haA'c been monopolizing this traffic,
Avhilc others have neglected it, un
til Avithin their "ring" is centered
the Avhole po Aver and control of the
cattle market. Our butchers and
fanners are just beginning to realize
the strait into AA'hich their neglect
has brought them, and to cast a
bout them for some medium of re
lief. Wc can conceiAe of none, ex
cepting that they again commence
to import from the East and lexas,
as the only field that in any Avise is
capable of furnishing anything like
a supply sufficient to equalize our
market. Hon. Jerome C. DaA'is,
who is noA: at the East, has it in
contemplation to return home by
the AA-ay of Texas, and driA'e hith
er a large number of coavs, with a
vieAv once more to stock his range.
Others arc moA'ing in the same di
rection, and Avith their example
promptly followed by our stock
raisers generally, avc may once
more reasonably expect to hail the
day Avhen beef Avill be Avorth its val
ue as fixed by the demand upon
the market, and not as at present
by the avidity and cupidity of hold
ers. The Michigan Lunatic Asyl
um is provided Avith a green house
in Avhich there are at all times
floAvers in full bloom. Men
brought to the institution in irons,
and manifesting the most A'iolent
SA-mptoms of insanity, haA'e been
suddenly calmed doAA-n to a condi
tion bordering on sanity by the pre
sentation of a boquet gathered from
the green-house. Music is knoAvn
to possess the poAver of calming the
most violent lunatic. Jet ween mu
sic and noAvers, it Avouid. appear
that all cases of raA ing madness can
be modified and ameliorated, if not
A great many persons are In the
habit of lookiEgupon and speaking
of printer's devils in a manner that
reflects no credit on themsehTes
Those same printers' devils, in nine
cases out of ten, are three times as
well posted on the issues of the
day as the person who slights and
speaks lightly of them. There is
no class of boys for wdiom we have
a more profound respect than well
behaA'ed. printer's devils. They
knowr something and are practical,
which is more than you can say of
ail classes of boys. In that respect
Ave place the boys wha work in a
printing office head and shoulders
aboA-e most boys Yroung Ayoman,
before you again elcA'ate that deli
cate nose at the approach of a prin
ters' devil, get some one Avho knoAvs
something of history to tell you
the names of a few characters that
Avere once printers devils.
For fear that you will dislike to
sIioav your ignorance, Ave Avill give
a short list ol ex-deA'ils of a printing
office. If a-ou haA-e heard of an a of
them, quit your flirting, and all non
sense in general; and go to study
ing. Did you ever hear of Eenja
min Franklin? Hen Avas once a prin
ters' devil. He AA-as also one of the
signers of the Declaration of Inde
pendence. Hannibal Hamlin, Vice
President under Lincoln, Avas a
printers' devil. Schuyler Colfax,
aa Iio has been speaker of the House
of Representatives for a number of
years, Avas "nothing but a devil in
a printing office," at one time.
Horace Greeh, one of the first
journalists on this continent, and an
ex-Congressman, Avas a printers'
devil. United States Senator Si-
on CameroHi of Pennsylvania, was
a "devil." Thurhnv Weed, one of
the most influential tneii in NeAA"
Y"ork, and editor of the Commer
cial Advertiser, Avas a penniless
"devil" in a printing office. United
States Senator Ross, of Kansas,
commenced his career as a printers'
Two-thirds of the editors of the
"States" were onte printers' deA'ils,
Permit us to tell you that the men
Avho once did duty as printers,
have done more to advance the
the interest and sustain the good
name of America than any other
class. Typographic -Messenger
Wretchedness of Mormon Wo
men. "Carleton," of the Boston
Journal, having attended the Salt
Lake Theater,made the following
among other obserA-ations:
Tavo scats distant is another ba
by. The mother is Avrinkled and
eareAA-om. We can see lines of
care and suffering across her fore
head, and in her sunken cheek, as
if Time had been turning deep fur
rows and his plowshare had gone
into the subsoil and cut the heart
strings. iot her alone we see
the same ioylcss cast of coun
tenance one very female face. Ar
tists, Avho with pen and pencil paint
character at1io can read the joys
and sorroArs of life in the lilies of
the human face, should come to
Salt Lake City. TheyAvould find it
one A ast studio-cA erV woman a sub
ject. "Dead Affection would be
an appropriate title to their pictures.
Stifled, rather. These woman haA-e
ncA er knoAvn what it is to Ioa c,
or to be loved. They are Slaves
in bondage to the church and
to the devil at the same time.
They are ground to poAvder be
tween tAvo mighty millstones,
the upper one a religious idea
the loAA-er one lewdness and lust ot
hard hearted men.
Rotary Voting. An interest
ing case of criminal A-oting has been
before the Pennsyl-ania Legisla
ture. Several witnesses sAvore that
they had each voted the Democrat
ic ticket as many as tAA-enty times
on the same daA-, betAveen the hours
of 8 o'clock in the morning and 6
in the evening, having submitted
only to the trifling inconA-cnience
of changing hats and coats. The
New York Tribune expresses great
admiration of such Democratic her
oism, and suggest that on the
next occasion for exercising the-al-
uable franchise, voters ought to be
furnished w-ith velocipedes, since it
is too much to expect them to
make the rounds on foot.
A Gentleman took his coun
try cousin to the theater recently.
On coming out he remarked: "They
played well, didn't they? "the cous
in irom the rural district looked
round him and said: "of course
they did; that's what they are
paid to do." There's practical crit
icism for you!
wAsk your neighbor to sub
scribe for the Enterprise.
MAKE YOUR WILL.
There seems to be a rather gfeft
eral feeling that the making of
one's will is calculated in some
way to hasten his demise. Hence
a great many excellent people wha
have property to leave, and very
well-defined intentions as to whom
to leave it, put off the necessary
formalities till they are suddenly
stricken down by death, and- forced
to let their effects be distributed
by the hand of the law, perhaps in
the manner most alien to their in
clinations. t Noav, in point of fact,
the tranquility that comes from
having one's affairs in order is
above all things conducive to r-.
covery ; while the sick man, writh
ing under the consciousness of
leaving them in an unsettled state,
may by this very anxiety bring
his illness to a fatal termination.
It is often affirmed that the law
makes equitable provision for such
an emergency Were this so, no
more need be said on the subject ;
or indeed we should rather be in
clined to deprecate the interference
of individual caprice with this just
distribution. In some respects the
assertion is correct. The law is
just in setting aside all privilege of
primogeniture or sex, and divid
ing the property equally among
the children. I heir interests at
the father's death are properly car
ed for. But as regards the widow
the injustice is obvious. As a rule,
throughout the length and breadth
of the country, a young man mar
ries poor and groAvs rich with his
Avife, he as the bread-winner and
she as the careful economist of his
earnings. The estate which they
accumulate is due to the efforts of
both. Yet, if the Avife dies, this
common property passes uncondi
tionally to the husband' he can
squander the estate; disinherit the
children; or marry again, and leave
the Whole to the children by the
second marriage; the first wife's
children not being supposed, in
this case, to need any protection.
If the husband dies, it is very dif
ferent. The laAAr instantly steps in
and takes from the wife's hands
the managment of her own house
hold; and she, who lias been used
to reign supreme in her home, is
forced to apply to strangers for
permission to take the slightest
step with regard to her own prop
erty. IIoav numiliating this must
be to a high-spirited Avoman can
be readily imagined by any man
Avho will fancy himself in her place.
Again, the use alone of one-third
of the real estate is granted her.
With the use of the Avhole estate
during her lifetime she might end
her days in ease and comfort, and
lend a helping hand to her children
m case of need. Or even with the
full ownership of one-third of the
property she might possibly put
herself in a position to earn a comv
fortable support; but the pittance
afforded by the interest on one
third of a homestead, for instance,,
is only a mockery, which leaves her."
dependent on the generosity of her
children or friends a position to-
which AA-e are persuaded that no-
generous-mmded man would win--
ingly subject his wife. The conse
quence is that, among the masses,,
a Avoman Avho has always liA-ed in.
competence immediately sinks, on:
her husband's death, to compara-
tiA-e penury and dependence. The-
pretext is that the interests of her
children need protection; but who
will say that these interests are not.
as safe with the mother as writh the
father and that a possible step
father is to be dreaded more than a.
In the present state of the laws
it is the duty of eA-ery husband to-
make a will that shall insure to the
partner of his fortunes the life-
enjoyment of their joint savings,
and make her the honored bene
factor of their children, instead -of
the humble recipient of their boun
ty, too often churlishly doled out
to her by sons or daughters-in-law
We learn from the Tribune
that a first-class seminary is to be
established in Olympia, under the
auspices of the M. E. Church Tow ards
the object, Capt. D. B. Finch,
subscribed '$1,200. But that is not
all. A gentleman from Olympia
informs us that he has subscribed
liberally toAvards the new Firemen's
Hall and other worthy objects,
which cannot but add to the
improvement of that city e
wish Ave could chronicle similar
actions on the part of others, who
are as deeply interested in the wel
fare of the Territory as Capt. Finch.
The three things most difficult
are, to keep a secret, to forget an
injury, and to make good use of