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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (March 27, 1869)
OREGON CITY, ORTEGON, SATUED, jmRCffi 1869.
J1866. Established. 11866.
The Weekly Enterprise.
AN INDEPENDENT PAPER,
.... , FOB THE ,
Business flan, the Farmer
And the FA MIL Y CIR CLE. , "
IPUBLISIIED EVERY SATURDAY
AT IHB "' '
OFFICE Corner of Fifth- and Main streets
Oregou City, Oregon. .
D. C.IRELAND, Proprietor.
; TERMS of SUBSCRIPTION
Single Copy one year.................
' Six months
. 44 Three months .'.
. 2 00
Two Copies one year. . . . . . .". ..... .$5 00
Four Copie3 six months. . . . . . . .' 5 00
Kiirht Conies three months ......... 5 00
i iT Remittances to be made at the risk of
i Subscribers, and at the expense of Agents.
I TERMS of ADVERTISING :
- Transient advertirnent3, including all
'l legal notices, sq. of 12 lines, 1 w.$ 2 50
,For eaeli subsequent insertion 1 00
tine coifinin, one year tiu uu
Half " ' 60
Quarter " " 40
liusiue-w Card, 1 square one year 12
BOOK AND JOB PRINTING.
5 The Enterprise office is supplied with
1'bcautifu!. approved styled of type, and mod
f era MACHINE PUKStiES. which frill enable
J.tbe Proprietor to do Job Printing at all times
Neat, Quick and C'ltcap !
1 SfS" Work solicited.
tf Ait Bus-Wheat traittac-tuma upon a Specie basis.
i D. C. JUTLAND, Froprie tor.
IBJBCt J2T$ GL2 ZE3Ca
k (Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
1 - OFFiCE-ki Residence, Main street Ore
gon City, Oregon.
J "W. C. JOGSNSON.
O. M COWS.
JOHNSON & McCOWN,
Oregon City, Oregon.
SST Will attend to all business entrusted to
our care in any of the Courts of the State,
Colled money .Negotiate loans, sell real estate
etc. Particular attention given to contested
JOHN M. BACON,
Jutii&e of the Peace cO City Recorder.
Oflke fn the Court House and City
i Council Room, Oregon City.
I1 &JT Will attend to the acknowledgment of
1 1 deeils. and all other duties appertaining to the
H business of a Justice of the Peace.
s;! pmUAL MILLS.
Savier, LaEoqae & Co.,
; OREGON CITY.
' tJTfluKeep constantly on hand for sale, flour
I -Widhngs, Bran and Chicken Feed, Parties
! purcliing feed must furnish the sacks.
Contractor and Builder,
' . Main st OREGON CITY.
. CtT Will attend to all work in hi3 line, eon-
: ; einting in part of Carpenter and Joiner woik
; training, building, etc. JobLiug prosiptly
JS'uoeetwr to SMITH d' MARSHALL,
B7ack-Smith and Wagon Maker,
Corner of Mam and Third streets,
uregoa uuy Urecoa.
ASRlacfcsmithingin all its branches; Wag
ou making and repairing. All work warrant-
.d to give satisfaction.
W. F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since 1849, at the old stand,
Jain Street, Oregon, Citii. Oreaoiu
An Assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, ail of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Repairings done on short notice,
and thankful for past favors.
All orders for the delivery of merchan
dise or packages and freight of whatever des--jpUou.
to any part of the city, will be exe
iuiS$ promptly and vith care.
liOGUS & ALUUIGIIT,
Corner of Fourth and Main streets.
Trp,ronKec?HC0nst.ant1y 0a hand all kinds of
Trc,h and salt meats, vach as
C2rFi?-ED BEEF' HAMS,
m ked pork, lard,
-J. P. MILLKK.
J . W. SHATTCCK,
J. F. MILLER & Co.,
j K.Ui virn nci .. . '
' ur AiD DEALERS IN
itloots and Slioes!
j u we urerron Citii
THE BEST SELECTION
Boots anShogs, oa hand maSe to eg 3
P0UTLAKD AUCTION ST0BE,
197 First st., Portland,
I Next Door to Post Office.
s i-hinj Good, n w a ba58V BurIaPs' flirn-
Prw for Wool, hh cash
BUSINESS C AMDS. .
J. H. MITCHELL. J- N. DOLPH. - ? A. SUITS.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Lawt
.;- Solicitors in, Chancery , and Proc
tors in Admiralty.
XZar Office oer the old Post Office, Front
street, Portland, Oregon. c
JL. C. GIBBS. - ' G.W.PAERISH,
Notary Public and Com. of Deeds,
GIBBS & PARRISHr
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
Portland, Oregon. . -"
OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's
brick block. ! -r . -: ;
J. . CAFLES. J. C MOBSXAJfO.;
: 5 CAPLES & MORELAND, 1 'I
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, .
Cor . FRONT and WASHING TON Sts.,
Logan, Shattiick & Killin,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
No. KM) Front Street, Up Stairs,
YH- W ATKINS, M. D.,
SURGEON. Portland, Oregc ri.
OFFICE 95 Front street Residence cor
ner of Main and Seventh streets.
BROKER, PonTLAXD. Oregon.
Cor. Front and Washington Sts.
Agent North British and Mercantile
Insurance Company, and Manhat
tan Life Insurance Company.
BFGovernment Securities, Stocls,Bonds
and Real Estate bought and sold on Com
mission. Dr. J, H. HATCH,
v x . 7i t t o- rr.j.l
The patronage of those desiring First Class
J ! ' t
uperaiwns, is respeciiuuy souciiea.
Satisfaction in all cases guaranteed.
N. B. Nitrous Oxyde administered for the
Painless Extraction of Teeth.
Office Corner of Washington and Fron
streets, Portland. Entrance on Washington
During my tour of two years
n the Eastern States I have
spared neither time nor
money to make mvse'f per
fectly familiar with and master of my pro
fession. Those desirmtr the best work that
the nature of the case will admit of can find
me at my office, 107 Front street, two doors
above McCormick's Book Store, Portland,
DK. J. G. GLENN.
Establishment of J. 13. Miller
HAS BEEX REMOVED
To No. 101 Front St., corner of Alder
Carter's Neio Building, Portland
In Chas. Woodard's Drvg Store
Where he will be ready to attend to
all manner of workmanship in his Hue.
Watches and Jewelry repaired in ths most
workmanlike manner. J. B. MILLER.
JKS- Offers to the citizens of Oregon 5.0C0
Pounds Souced Pigs' Feet, (put up by him
self) in lots to suit. Apply at No. 23 Wash
ington street, between First and Second,
Country trade supplied in any desired
quantity. A liberal discount to the trade.
A. G. WALLING'S
Pioneer Book Bindery.
OREGON IAN BUILDING,
So. 5 Washington Street,
BLANK BOOKS RULED and BOUND to
any desired pattern.
MUSIC BOOKS, MAGAZINES, NEWS-
i Afinws, lute, bound in every variety of
oiytc . vv u w iue iraae,
the country promptly at-
J. e. pTtton,
Successor to I1IGGINS COMPANY,
No. 8 Front Street, Portland, Oregon,
is now manulactunnsr a siinrinr art nf
neinicai.uiive, rale aud Brown Family Soap
which he will sell at San Francisco prices.
t3 This soap is warranted.
A. J. MONROE. W. A. K. JIELLEK.
MONROE & MELLEN,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
merits, Head and Foot stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. f32.t
Successor to G radon t& Co.,
Wagons & Carriages,
201 and 203 Front st, Portland, Oregon.
07" Wagons of every description
made to order. General Jobbing done
with neatness and dispatch.
D. W. WILLIAMS. GEO. T. MYERS.
WILLIAMS & ETYERS,
25 Front street and 26 First street, Portland.
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, and Deal
ers in Groceries and Produce. Agents
for the Cbampoeg, Commercial and Lafayette
Flouring mills. Have ample Fire-proof
Storage. Consignments solicited. 13.y
RMES & DALLAM,
IMPORTERS AXD JOBBERS OP
Wood and Willow Ware.
Brushes, Twines, Cordage, etc.,
AND MAXCFACTfRERS OF
Brooms, Pails, Tubs, Washboards, fyc
215 A 217 Sacramento st, San Francisco.
113 Maiden Lane, N. Y. Citv.
APRIL. - l v . - . -
April has searched the Winter land,
And found her petted flowers again :
She kissed them to unfold their leaves,
She coaxed them with her sun and rain.
And filled the grass with green content
And made the weeds and clover Tain.
fler fairies climb the naked trees, .'..
And set green caps on every stalk ;.
Her primroses peep bashfully ,"'
From borders of the garden walk ; , ' .
And in the reddened maple-tops . '
Her blackbird gossips sit and talk. '
She greets the patient evergreens, .
She gets a store of ancient gold,
Gives tasseled "presents to the breeze,
And teaches rirtrg songs of old
Then : shakes the-trees with ' stolen ilaich
And laughs to hear the cuckpo scold.
Sometimes, to fret the sober sun.
She pulls the clouds across his face;
But finds a snow-dritt in the woods,
Grows meek again, and prays his grace ;
Waits till the last white wreath is gone,
And drops arbutus in the place.
ner crocuses and violets
Give all the world a gay " Good year !"
Tall irises grow tired of green,
And get themselves a purple gear ;
And tiiv buds that lie asleep
On hil! and field, her summons hear.
She rocks the saucy mead ow-cups ;
The sunset's heart anew she dyes ;
She wills the dusk of deepest woods
With vague sweet sunshine and surprise,
And wakes the periwinkles up
To watch her with their wide, blue eyes.
At last she deems her work is done,
And finds a willow rocking-chair,
Dons spectacles of apple-buds,
Kerchief and cap of almonds rare,
And sits, a very grandmother,
Shifting her sunshine needles, there.
And when she sees the deeper suns
That usher in the happy May,
She sighs to think her time is past,
And weeps because she cannot stay,
And leaves her tears upon the grass.
And turns her face and glides away.
Tories of grant. -
Gen. Hillyer, says the Chicago
Tribune, lived in !St. Louis when
Grant left the farm near by to enter
the firm of Boggs & Grant, real es
tate agents, houses to rent, etc. In
those days he had a desk, 1 believe,
in Hillyer's law office.
" Was the General silent then as
" No. We considered him more
than commonly talkative So he is
now; but he won't talk for effect, nor
before strangers freely. This reti
cence of Grant, so much made of, is
partly discrimination, and partly the
form of an old bashfuluess he had
when a boy. Anybody whom he
knows can hear him speak at any
In St. Lotiis I liked Grant. He
was entertaining, and I was attracted
to him by what I hardly knew at
that time. Afterward I knew it to
be Manhood, the same that be devel
oped in battle so well. I was in
JNew lork when l neard ot nis ap
pointment, and soon after came a
telegraphic message for me to join
him. I was at the Planters' House
in St. Louis, on business afterward,
and, wishing to see Grant, he rode
up during the day with some of his
staff officers, and they had one empty
41 Here, nillyer," said Grant;
" here's a horse. The boat has been
waiting for me three-quarters of an
hour. Stir yourself !
" I am not going, Grant; I never
entertained the notion a minute in
" Come along ! I cannot listen to
that. Time passes!''
" But I've not written to my
" Well, that you bad better do.
After this next action I am going
into you can come home if you don't
get your head knocked off first and
fix op your business.''
In brief, Hillyer found himself go
ing down the river in ten minntes, to
his own bewilderment, wondering
greatly whether he could stand np
in action. And it was in tnis way
Grant would impress into his Cabinet
some unwilling talent, it there be any
talent uuwilliug to go into the Cab
inet. 1 have not seen any of this lat
" Did you notice any strong traits
of character in Grant soon after
ward?" " His courage and soldierly vanity
in action first struck me, and his en
tire willingness to fight. He never
talked before action, as if he had any
personal forebodings, but grew more
cheerful and concentrated a3 the time
of battle approached. His indisposi
tion to leave any position he had ta
ken was often uncomfortable. I re
member at Pittsburgh Landing that
he, Rawlings. myself, and some other
staff officers, were in a place where
the artillery of the enemy was con
centrated. " Their fire was terrib'e,
and every instant I expected to have
iiny be.ad shot off. Graat 6at od
horseback, straight and cheerful, is
yon have sometimes seen a man onr a
hot day co out to be rained on, rather
enjoying it. He kept us all in half
agony. 'One officer -said to me:
" Go tell the Uia; Alan to leave
here for God s sake!"
" No; tell - him f yourself. . He'll
think me afraid, and so I am, bur he
shan't think so." ;,' ' ; tt
V There we sat, the fire crossing- upon
bs.s , At last one of the greea mem
bers of the staff rode up to Grant,
saying: .; ... ..'it
; " General, we bust leave this
place. It isn't necessary to stay
right here. If-we do we shall alt be
dead in five minutes.'
" I guess that's sot" said Grant,
and he rode away to our relief.
" As to fear," continued Hillyer,
" Grant used to say that he had seen
men who said they never knew what
it was, but he had never seen any
body who said it of them. Another
thing that stuck me with Grant was
his own attempt frequently to super
cede his own good luck. At Don
nelson he went o Commodore Foote
and begged him to run past the rebel
guns with a gnnboat or two. Foote
replied, saying that he would be shot
to pieces. Grant maintained that he
would suffer no more than in ordinary
bombardment. This took place be
fore Farragut made a practical dem
onsfration of Grant's theory. Now,
if Foote had done this the rebels
would have evacuated Fort Donnel
son, and the battle and capture
there, which made Grant historic,
would never have happened.
Grant developed wonderfully in
the war, and though I, as a Demo
crat, opposed his election, I had no
doubt that he was the safe, strong
man, worthiest to head the army.
There is needed no better instance or
proof to this effect than the following:
I was at City Point iu 1865, and
sitting close by Grant, I saw him
breakhe seal of a letter. Then he
" What's that. Gen. Grant?"
" A letter from Sherman. Read
I read the letter, and it said that
Sherman could no longer hold At
lanta, his lin'e being too long. He
asked permission to destroy the town
and move to the sea, subsisting upon
the country, and turning at bay to
fight Hood whenever the latter pur
sued him too closely. All this seem
ed brilliant and soldierly to me, and
I asked Grant what in it ci'ade him
" Why," he said, ' I was won
dering what Hood could find to sub
sist upon, if he followed in the rear of
Thus" was the General supplying
an erfor of genios. Sherman sup
posed that Hood would follow him.
Grant "knew that Hood could not eat
off the barren and devastated country.
So he sent this word to Sherman:
" You have my permission to destroy
Atlanta and march to the sea after
you detach Schofield, and to
go to Tennessee. Hood will not fol
low you; he will march upon Nash
ville." Now, see ! Had Sherman
carried off his whole force seaward,
mistaking the efftct of his movement
upon Hood, Nashville would have
fallen, Ohio and Indiana been invad
ed, and the Southern Confederacy
been an accomplished fact.
" Grant," said Hillyer, " is stern
as Jupiter. There is no finer story
of two stern men than Grant and
George A. Thomas before the battle
of Nashville. Thomas has a dislike
of being whipped, and he is cautious
and sedate to the last degree till the
time for decision has come. Grant
sent word to Thomas to move out ol
his works and attack Hood. Ibomas
was not ready, and he went on de
liberately with his preparations.
Grant telegraphed again: " The
country is excited. Attack!" Thomas
was not yet quite ready. Then
Grant sent John A. Logan to Louis
ville to be ready to take command,
aud telegraphed again: " If you do
not attack Hood before date,
I shall be under the painful necessity
of relieving you." Just at that time
Thomas was ready, not by necessity,
but by the completion of bis affairs,
and the happy collusion of events
made the battle of Nashville an honor
Thirteen of those who came as
passengers in the first steamship that
ever arrived at San Francisco the
California which came from New
York, around the horn and entered
the Golden Gate February 28, 1849
reside in Bay City and annually have
a jovial meeting on that day.
-We understand that one of the
seven proprieters of the celebrated
Eberhardt Mine has purchased Ben.
Holliday's handsome residence on
Third street, San Francisco for $35-000,
st! . - Wiane IBT CAIJFOBS1A .
From the. Pacific. ' - ,
r We own to have felt a little indig
riant, nearly a year since, when we
found a calm, straightforward artiele
of ours on Wine iu Cbliforniay se
verely attacked in different papers on
this coast, and by some at the East.
One called it a shame ; another, im
position; another, ridiculous., Ayear
has passed, and we must report the
facts worse than then stated.; Would
it -were not so; but truth is better
than, falsehood,! and : the increasing'
curse of wine drinking , on this, coast
can -be checked only , by exposure.
Common wine, and often strong, or
good wine, in the wine growing; re
gions of California is " cheaper than
milk," atid often "more freely drank.''
In Anaheim and Los Angeles com
mon wine is but thirty cents a gallon;
milk costs fifty. Even a common
strong wine is but forty cents. In
Tuolumne county a large, skilled,
wiue raiser, whose wine ceilar was
the finest we visited in that county,
told us he would sell his four thou
sand five hundred gallons of excel
lent wine at twenty five cents per
gallon, if any one would take it. In
the same region milk was forty
cents. In Coloma the price of the
two is the same forty cents. In
Sonoma good wine is for sale at
forty cents the gallon, and milk at
the same price. In the Cache Creek
region, the best grape-growing region
of the State, grapes to be used in
making wine sell at the mill, in loads,
for one and a quarter cents the
pound. We neglected to ascertain
the price of the wine here, but be
lieve it was between thirty and forty
cents per gallon. We speak not of
the so-called " best wines" there
made for export, or to be drank
from the sideboards of the rich wine
topers. We speak of common wine,
made to be consumed in the region
where it is produced. Such wine is
generally cheaper than milk; and in
our travels we have seen it drank
more often among those who make
it. Little children, ten years of age,
sometimes have their glasses at the
family table, drinking this seed curse
of mature drunkenness in after life.
In one town, or rather village, a re
liable, good man said to us that many
bovs, as vouncr as eleven years of
age, were fn the habit of carrying con
stantly their bottle of wine in their
pockets, t6" drink when' they choose.
In the same town Of a woman, tthom
we had know for years, a member of
a Protestant church, referring to
some hardships, said, "that they
were obliged to send away their ex
cellent man-servant their gardener
for he would get into their wine
cellar, and become terribly drunk.
He had been with them five years,
but during the last year he had got
into this way; all their efforts" to save
him were of no avail, and they had
to send him away." At a place some
four miles distant we alluded to this
Statement, without using any name,
or locality. "Oh!" said a friend,
44 1 guess that was in this" region
Mrs. So-and so; and I'll tell you what,
that woman herself gets real drunk
on wine." 41 Why," said we, a we
know the woman of whom you sp'eak;
she is a member of the Presbyterian
church." " Can't help that," said he,
"she does get as drunk as a loo:i." It
is too horrible to state, unless for a
great moral end to prove the curse
of this wine drinking. In another
town, the daughter of a certain min
ister, drunk as a chattering fool on
pure wine, was taken away from
company, and pnt to bed. When her
father came in, he cobly said: Ah,
he thought she would get over it. In
an adjoining town girls seventeeu
years of age were seen reeling in the
street from- drinking pnre wine. A
certain minister, often greatly befud
dled by wine, was induced to leave
the coast to avoid the corse. Ah !
" Wine is a monster of most horrible
mien," and we hate to narrate even a
part of the facts. Wine is the nurse
to brandy; it is the seedling sore to
be grafted with whisky, and yield its
fruit in drunkenness.
At Los Angeles we wrere told that
there and at Anaheim a vast amount
of brandy i3 drunk, just as much, or
more, than if no wine was made ; in
deed, wine making includes extensive
brandy making, unless the tax on the
latter is very high. Rev. Dr. Mc
Kaig, of Marysville, formerly settled
for years as resident minister in Cin
cinnati, gave ns permission to use his
name, if we had occasion for it, in
testimony, that the wine raising in
Southern Ohio had resulted in more
brandy drinking than there would
have been without the wine. The
declaration of non-wine drinking trav
elers through Europe is almost unan.
imous that wine there produces an
immense amount of drunkenness
senseless, idiotic drunkenness. Wine
drinkers, praise their own practice;
and some few who do notdrick may
do the same deceived by the asser
tions bf others. Bat the strong testi
mony of great numbers of gooif attd
able men is, that wine drinking has a
terrible tendency to drunkenness Jr
itself, and to the drinking of .whisky,
brandy, etc. Let any one ' read the
conclusive testimony, gathered from
the reports of many able men, in two
pamphlets published by Dr. Gibbons,
of Sar. Francisco, and vie cannot well
see how he can doohtfc the r terrible
tendency of wine drinking, unless be
loves the accursed liquor hin&elf.
Our fingers, rather ache, to call, the
especial attention of the Sacramento
Bee and the Cbico ' Courant to . this
subject, while there are alio other
papers which, fa a too loose and ran
dome way, touched ns off,-, a eaf
ago, as having done a foolish thing
in condemning the wine drinking of
this country. Some New York pa
pers also may take the suggestions
to heart. s. v.
What a pitiful sight it must be!
a room not eleven feet square and
between six and seven feet high, con
taining from forty to fifty children
some of them mere infants all work
ing hour after hour plaiting straw.
Yet this is a common sight in Bed
fordshire. Egnland, where thouands
of children are sent to a plaiting
scbnol as soon as they can hold straws.
The youngest are employed in clip
ping the pliats. The labors of the
children's Employment Commission
have recently disclosed many pain
ful facts. One of the Commissioners
reports that he found in the schools
little girls not three years old, al
though he was assured that in gener
al they did not commence their life
of labor until three and a half or four
years old! It is not always easy to
teach the poor little ones to clip or
plait properly, and' the stick, a cane
about a yard in length, is sometimes
freely used by the school-mistress.
The school is usually in a small cot
tage room, possessing neither proper
light nor ventilation, and is often so
closely filled that fires can not be
lighted. To protect themselves from
cold the children keep in their laps
small earthern Vessels containing bits
of coal. Oue room visited by the
Commissioner was so closely packed
that the quantity of air each child
had was less than half it would have
if shot up in a bCx three feet square!
The present is a period of distress for
work among the makers of bohnets
and hats in Bedfordshire; and the gen
ra'l opinion among the more thought
ful and intelligent residents of the dis
trict is that advantage ought to be
taken of the present distress for the
purpose of putting an' end to the
This is an age of wonderful in
ventions, but we venture to say that
the idea of making a lantern of a man
is the most novel in the history of
science. Something similar to this
Dr. Milliatt propses to dd, by in
trodacing glass tubes of small calibre
into the stomach, and by the use of
electrodes, and a stroug battery, pro
ducing a powerful galvanic light.
The Doctof claims that the flesh is
thus rendered transparpnt, so that
any internal tmnor or nicer can be at
once discovered, and subjected to
proper treatment. W e suggest that
nses of this invention might be still
further extended. Let all those who
have to travel on dark nights adopt
this expedient, and when tbey want
to see their way, all they need to do
will be to open their vests, and "let
their light shine."
Colorado and Wyoming are in
terested in Cashmere Goats. It is
held that the mountain country is
peculiarly favorable to them, and
that they are the most valuable stock
that can b6 raised. A Committee of
the American Institute, reports that
they are very long lived, extremely
prolific, hardy, and prefer the coarse
grasses. They produce from four to
eight pound fleeces, worth now from
six to eight dollars per pound, valu
able for the coarser fabrics as well as
the finer, it having great durability.
The vexed question can a wo
man ride a velocipede? seems to be in
a fair way to be decided. A pretty
young woman, not unknown to the
frequenters of the French Theater,
astonished the gray-coated policemen
and pleased the public generally by
appearing in Central Park, the other
day, attired in manly costume, and
riding a splendid twoMvheeled turn
out, which she managed with perfect
grace and skill. If this sort of thincr
goes on, we will have to eat our trot
ting horses, as they do in .France,
for want of a better ose for them.
Beauty. Consists not in a pretty
face, but in a pretty mind a mind
well educated kind am accomplished
, Truth a beautifui story.
i witnessed, a ghoft' tihie' ago, in
ojfe p( 6br nigher courts beautiful ik
lustration of the simplicity aVid pow
er of truth; A little gift; n&e years
f age, was offered as a witness against
a. prisoner, who was 6n ifiat, fur fel
ony committed fn hef ftfthefs Jj6use
" Now Emily," skid fhe counsel' for"
the prisoner, upon hfef b'eirig offered!
as a witness, "I desire knotf if yotf
understand the nature of an oath."
M I don't know 4 what you; mjean,"
waS the simple answer.-
There, your, bonor satdf
counsel, addressing , the court, ia
anything farther necessary to demonc
strate the validity of. my Objections?
This witness should be rejected. She
does not comprehend the nature. of anf
oath." "Lettts see," said the Judgef
"come here my daughter'
Assured by the kind tone and
manner of the ndge.the child stepped
toward him, and looked confidently
up iu his fade with a calm,-cleaf eye,
aud in a manner so artless arid frank,
that it went straight to the heart.-
"Did you ever take an oath?" in
quired the Judge.
The little girl stepped' back with
look of horror, and the red blood
mantled in a blush over her face and,,
neck, as she answered,- "No,- Sir."..
She thought he intended to inquire if
she had ever blasphemed.
"I do not mean that' said' tlbe,'
Judge, who saw her mistake.- '
mean were you evet a witness before.""
4 No,- sW. I was ntver in court
before?" He handed her the Bible
" Do your know that book, my
She looked &i it and answered1;
"Yes, sir jit is the Bible."
" Do you ever read it ?" he asked.
' Yes, sir; ever'y evening."
u Can you tell ni'6 what the Bible"
is?" inquired the Judg'e.
" It is' the work of the great feod,""
44 Well,- place your hand' upon' this1
Bible, and listen to what I Say' and
he repeated slowly and solemnly the
oath usually a'dmrafstered td wits
nesses. " Now' said the Judge,-
yon have sworn as a witness', wilf
you tell me what will befall yoii if
yotr do not tell the trtrthf '
44 1 shall be shut up in flic State
Prison," answered the Cnild.-
"Any thing else?" asked the'Jndge.-
4,I shall never go to Heaven."
" How do you know P aslbed the'
The child tooj the ible,'a'nd urnV
ing rapidly to the chapter containing
the commandments, pointed to the
injunction, " Thotr shall not bear
false witness against thy neighbor.'
, " 1 learned that," she said 44 before'
I coufd read."
41 Has any 6he talked with yoii
about you being a witness in court
here against this man?"' inquired the'
J udge" 4'YVs, sir," she replied. 'My
mother Heard they watited me to bes
a witness, and last night she Called',
me to her room and asked me' to telF
her' the ten c6tamaudmentsY finti then"
we kneeled down together,- and she
prayed that 1 might nndefstahd how
wrcked it wa'S to" bear false witness"
against my neighb6r, and that God'
w6uld help me, a little child, tb telf1
the truth as it was before him'. And.1
wh'en I came up here with father, she
kissed me, and told tne to' femember1
the ninth comntfandmenf,- and! that;
God would hear every word I sVid."
, 41 Do you believe this ?" asked the'
Judge, while a teat glistened in his
eye, and his hps quivered with emo
tton. " Yes sir," $aid she,- with a
voice and manner that showed her
Conviction 6f truth was perfect.
" God bless vou. mv child, sairl tW
Judge, 44 yoa have a erood mother V
He continued : 44 This witness is com
petent. Were I on trial for my life.-
and innocent of the charge against
me, I would pray God (6t Su'cb a wit"
ness as this.- Let her be examined."
She told her story with the sim
plicity of a child,- as she was, but
there was a discreetnes about it which
carried conviction of its truth to every'
heart. She was rigidly cross examv
ined. The 6ounsef plied her with in
finite and ingenious questioning, bnti"
she varied from her first statement
in nothing. The truth as spoketf by
that chiid was sublime. FalsehoorJ
and perjury had entrenched himself1
in lies, until he deemed himself iiiipreg'
nable. W itnesses had falsified facts
in his favor, and villainy had mfe'tin
factured for him a sham defence, but
falsehood was driven like Chaff before
wind, by the testimony Of purity
The little child for whrB a mother'
had prayed for strength to be given:
her to speak the truth, as it was be
fore God, broke the cnnniiig devices
of matured villainy to" pieces' like a
potter's vessel. The strength that the-
mother prayed for was given her.
The sublime and terrible simplicity j
terrible to . the prisoner" and biff per
jured associates; with which ghe Spoke
was Hie a revelation fY6m the Gfattf