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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (March 20, 1869)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, S1TIFKDAY,-. HIAjiCH SO, 869,
1866. Established. 1866.
Th Weekly Enterprise.
AN INDEPENDENT PAPER,
Business Wan, the Farmer
And the FAMILY CIRCLE.
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
OFFICE Corner of Fifth and Main streets
Oregon City, Oregon.
J). C. IRELAND, Proprietor.
TERMS of SUBSCRIPTION:
Single Copy one year , S3 W
8ix months - u
" Three months 1 10
Two Copies one year $5 00
Four Copies frix months. , . , r .,..00 -
. Eight Copies' three tn&ntlia . ; H 6 00
Remittances to be male at the risk of
Subscribe, and at the expense of Agents.
TERMS of ADVERTISING
rpranaierit advertisements, including all
ral notices. ) sq. of 12 lui-es, 1 w.$ 2 50
For each subsequent insertion.
One C!olllQlci oue year
H.i!f w ':
UiuiueSii Card, 1 square one year.
BOOK AND JOB PRINTING.
txrp- rha v terorise office is supplied with
tieantiful. unproved .styles of type, and mod
ern MACHINE .WHKSSKS. wl.k-U wnl enable
the Proprietor to do Jub Punting at all times
Neat, Qx'ick and Cheap !
Work Kolieitt d. .
AlUJusiuesg transaction upon a Specie basts.
J) C JR GLAND, Proprietor.
JR. F. BARCLAY,
Mo ESCLo GD', T31
.(Formerly burgeon to the Hon. U. Ii. Co.)
OFFICE kt Residence, Ma.'n ( treet Ore
gon City, Oiesoa.
W.C.JOUSSOV. v. o. M'COWN.
JOHNSON & HcCOWW,
!: "WLT"W"IZ2 'EZEL.Sk'vS
Orgoi City, Oxgon.
SiW Will attend to all business entrusted to
.onr care in any of t!ie Courts of the Statft,
Collect money, Negotiate loans, sell real estate
ote. Particular attention given, to contested
JOHN Id. BACON,
Justice of the Peace City Recorder.
O'flice In the Court House and City
Council Room, Oregon City.
fig- Will attend to the acknowledgment of
deeds, and all other duties appertaining to the
business of a Justice of the Peace.
JM BE RIAL MILLS.
Savier, La.oqe & Co.,
trKeep constantly on hand fi sale, Hour
Midlmgs, Uraa and Chi eke-n Feed. Parties
juirchiug feed must furnish the sacks.
"YY M. B ROUG HTON.
Contractor and Builder,
Main St., ORFGOX CITY.
IfS- Will attend to all work in his line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner woi k
(raining, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
attended t .
J) AVID SMITH,
Successor to SMITH & MARSHALL,
JUacJc-Smith and Wagon Maker,
Corner of Main and Third stretit,
Ai-Blacksmithing in all its branches; Wag
on making and repairing. All work warrant
ed to give "satisfaction.
W. F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since l-CJ.at the old stand,
Alain Slrtet, Oregon. City, Orfjon.
An Assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Iti'pairings done on short notice,
and thankful for p;ist favors.
OREGON JIT J
All orders for the delivery of merchan
dise or packages and freiprhtof whatever des
cription, to any part of the city, will be exe
cuted promptly and with care.
L.OGUS & ALBRIGHT,
EXCELSIORS MARKET !
Corner of Fourth and Main streets.
Keep constantly on hand all kinds of
fresh and salt meats, such as
CORNED BEEF, HAMS,
PICKELED PORK, LARD,
And everything else to be found in their line
J. F. MILLER.
J. W. SUATTCCK.
J. F. MILLER & Co.,
MAXVFACTfUERS OP AND DEALERS IN
Moots and Boes !
At the Oregon City Boot and Shoe
Store, Afaiti street
THE BEST SELECTION
Of Ladies', Gents', Roys', and Children's
Coots and Mices, on hand or made tn or.w
R. E. CHATFIELD,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Garden and Field Seeds of all Kinds.
produce vro commission.
First street, Portland Oregon,
Near the Western Hotel.
SOG OF THE IRON HORSE.
The Eeno Crescent says the following-poem
is the production of a California lady, tem-
nnrarilv stoirun2 at. that place. It is. in
many respects, a rare production :
RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED TO I.ELAXD STAN
FORD AXD THE CENTRAL PACIFIC ItAlLRORD
Harness me quick with iron banda,
I am impatient of long delays ;
I fain would speed to the distant lands,
That bask far off in the sun's first rays I
Uarness me quick, and feed me with fire.
Give me steam for breath, and a mind to
Who steps in my way with a vengeance dire,
My iron hoof shall his requium. toll.
Harness me quick ; with his solemn roar,
Pacific moans, " My waves are too slow
For the army of progress that ,seek my
So I bid "4W haste M :hy gioriws r
And bring them safe to my golden door,"
This tide of empire no power can stay,
Its volume is swifter than ever before!
Then harness me quick, aud let me away.
I will safely compass the burning sands,
And the stormy mountain's dr ifting snow ;
I will bring the wealth of distant lands,
And a blessiDg prove where'er I go;
My neigh is thunder, my breath is flame,
From a heart of steam my pulses beat ;
I peopie the waste, and the wild reclaim,
Along the track of my flying feet.
With awe the Nations watch my course,
As I compass the land from sea to sea
And exclaim, 44 The wonderful iron horse
Is a power, indeed, with a people free !"
Then let me away, my mission to fill ;
Heboid! along my shining course,
The deserts brighten, aud strong hearts thrill
In gratitude to the Iron Horse.
Cities as Types if Ideas. A
great city, whose image dwells in the
memory of men, is the type of some
rent idea. Rome represents cun
quest. Faith Lovers over the towers
of Jerusalem ; and Athens embodies
art, the pre eminent quality of the
antique word. In modern ages, com
merce has created London; while
manners, in the most comprehensive
sene of the word, have long found a
supreme capital in the airy, gay city
of the S.ine. What art was to the
ancient w.orld, science is to the mod
ern. In ti minds of men, the useful
has succeeded to the beautiful, and
Manchester, i?fty years ago a small
Lancashire village, has expanded into
a mighty region of factories and
warehouses. Is'ew York conveys the
idea of a vast railroad and telegraphic !
centre; while Chicago, the restless
pioneer of the Old World's progress,
is in itself a small empire of action,
where each individual cit'zen is will
ing to ru-k breaking his neck if he
can only accomplish something a few
minutes lefore his neighbor. Boston
and books ara synonymous, and
Philadelphia's continuity of uniform
brick houses are sufficiently sugges
tive of calmness and Quaker implici
ty. When one .'oentiuns New Or
leans, the imagination immediately
pictures a semi-tropical city, full of
the languid and voluptuous repose of
Creole life; whereas Cincinnati dis
pels all roraautic vision and immedi
ately becomes the prosy Porkopolis.
San Francisco, being made up of ad
venturers, gives one the idea of vigor
ous speculative life, much as Quebec,
the finished town of America, does of
antiquated stagnation. New York
Every day the postal teleraph
reform movement is pushing forward
and making new friends. Agitation
and discussion carry it forward and
make it popular. Only those oppose
it or endeavor to obstructit who have
an interest in the old system, or in
some of the monopolies to which it
has given birth. Popular instinct
grasps with avidity the grand idea of
the postal telegraph a Government
mail service which shall carry all the
letters and messages of the people,
and not, as at present, only a portion
Victoria's eldest daughter, whose
advocacy of woman suffrage was
chronicled a day or two ago, is an
uncommon smart youmi woman. She
paints with great skill, and also
"scJlp." as Artemas Ward would
say. Her latest achievement in
sculpture is a life-size bust of the
Empress of Russia, which she has
presented to Ilerr Von Grimm, a
Russian ex-Privy Councilor.
The population of Minnesota, it
is asserted, now amounts to 420,000
soul?, an increase of 70 per cent, in
three years upon the State census of
1865. This would give an increase
of about 20 per cent each year, npon
the population of the preceeding year,
and 44 per cent, at the end of two
years. At this rate Minnesota, it is
estimated will have a population of
600,000 in 1870, when the next Uni
ted States census is taken.
HISTORY OF BOSTOX.
Boston, in the State of Massachu
setts, is a city of no mean pretensions.
In age it antedates the Pyramids.
When first discovered by the ten
Tribes, in 1283 b. c, it bore the
marks of extreme antiquity.
Faneuil II sill is. supposed to have
been the original Soloman's Temple,
aud Boston Common is known to be
the Garden of Eden with modern
improvements. The Tree of Lify has
been removed to make room for the
magnificent Old Elm, and the Four
Rivers 'are represented by the beauti
ful fountain which squirts continu
ally. Bostou was named in honor of a
certain cracker, which was there
made ing'reaTpe'rfection by' the pre
Adamite inhabitants. And it re
tains the name and the cracker to
A certain of its poets, whose non
de plume, is Holmes, has called Bos
ton the Hub of the Universe. Being
the hub, and also a place where the
risible muscles are never used, it may
fitly be termed the centre of gravity.
No one laughs in Boston, and
whoever would smile must go into a
bar-room to do it.
The streets in Boston are unlike
the one in Damascus which was called
Straight. When laid out, far back
in the carboniferous period, the street
Commissioner did not heed the in
junction of the " Great Expounder."
Ye solid men of Boston, drink no
strong potations." And so the lanes
and avenues of the town stagger
about after the similitude of a ram's
The principal ho'el was formerly
kept by Theodore Parker, and is stid
called the Parker House. It is
kept on the European plan, which is,
to charge so much for a room that
you have no money left to invest in a
Boston includes the lowns of Cam
bridge, Jamaica Plains, Boxbury,
Fnimii'gton, Worcts'er, Salem, aud
indeed all Massachusetts.
At one of the hotels in our village
the landlord said to a boarder; "see
here, Mr. B-
, the chambermaid
found a hair pin in your bed this
morning, and it will not answer!
" Well" replied the boarder, " I
found a long hair in the butter this
morning, but it did not prove that
you had a woman in it The two
men looked at each other for about
ten seconds, when each smiled and
went on his way, no doubt pondering
on the peculiarities of circumstantial
A doctor was very much annoy
ed by an old lady who alway stopped
him on the street to tell him of her
ailments. Once she met him when
he was in a great hurry, ".Ah, I
see you are quite feeble," said the
doctor. " Shut your eyes and show
me your tongue." She obeyed, and
the doctor moving off left her stand
ing there for some time in this ridicu
lous position, to the infinite amn-e-ment
of all who witnessed the fuuny
Smarty A tricky individual was
refused a drink unless he paid for it
in advance. A bystandtr who owed
the barkeeper one in the way of prac
tical jokes, bid him give the man his
liquor, " and,'' said he, " if he refuses
to pay for it, I will." The fellow
got his drink, but refused to pay for
it, and so did his indorser, as he
promised he would.
A well known minister of New
York repudiates the received theory
that thev have music in heaven. He
declares that his choir has given him
so much trouble on earth, that the
idea of music in the world to come,
is wholly repugnant to his ideas of
An ice joke has been pepetrated
in Maine. Some one poured water
into the letter-box at the Post Office
in Farmington a fww nights since,
and in the morning all the letters
were frozen in a solid mass.
The Empress Eugenie has giv
en 1,000 francs to the convict Dun
man, of Algeria, for swimming with a
rope to a sinking vessel, amid a vio -lent
storm, and saving the lives of
these on board. The Emperor is
urged to pardon the man.
The Supreme Court of Georgia
has decided that the consideration of
a note given for Confederate money
was a good and valid one. The Su
preme Court of Tennessee don't see it
in that light, and has decided direct
ly the reverse.
Gross Behavior. Getting fat.
CIIIXKSE STREET JUGGJLEUS.
A letter fromChlna to the Chicago
Tribune says : V Street. jogglers and
mountebanks abound in Canton, and
in fact in every Chinese city. They
also travel frooi place to place
throughout the country, displaying
their feats and picking up a little
cash here and there. As a . general
thing their jugglins feats do not
amount to a great, deal, ..yet : some of
thm are very clev'tr, apd. would
crea'e fully as mucli of ; a, theatrical
furore ia the Iuitd States as did
the -Japanese prfoa-tners. ; Sword
swallowing and stone eating appear
to be the. commonest feats -and ope
rators of this description cati be-een
io aItMQt. ovexy jstreet.- OneftJlmv,
however, performs a number of feats
in front of our hotel which demanded
from me more that a passing notice.
He stations himself in the centre of
the street', and having blown a blast,
upon a bugle to give warning that he
was aboiit to begin his entertainment,
he took a sma'l lemon or orange tree,
which was covered with fruit, and
balanced it upon his head. He then
blew a sort of chirruping wh'tle,
when immediately a number of rice
b:rd came from every direction and
S'tting upon the houghs of the bush
they balanced or fluttered about his
head, lit then took a cup in his
hand and began to rattle seme seeds
in it, when the birds disappeared.
Takuig a small bamboo tube, he next
took the seed and pmthgone'm it
blew it at one of the fruit, when it
opened and out flw one of the birds,
which fluttered about the circle sur
rounding the performer. He con
tinued to shoot the seed at the
oranges until nearly a dozen birds
were released. He then removed
the tree from h:s forehead, and set
ting it down took up a dish, which
he held above his head, when all the
buds flew into it, then covered it over
with a cover, and, giving it a whirl
or two about his head, opened it and
displayed a quantity of eggs, ihe
shel's. of which he broke with a litile
stick, releasing a bird from each shell.
The trick was neatly performed, and
defied detection from my eyes. The
next trick was equally clever and dif
ficult of detection. Borrowing a
handkerchief from one of his specta
U;rs, lie took an orange, cut a small
hole in it, then squeezed all the juice
out, and era tinned the handkerchief
into it. Next, giving the orange to
a bystander to hold, he caught up a
teapot and began to pour a cup of
tea from it, when the spout became
clogged. Looking into the pot ap
parently for the purpose of detecting
what was the matter, he pulled out
the handkerchief and returned it to
the owner. lie next took the orange
from the bystander aud en it open,
when it was found to be full of rice
He performed a number of pleasing
feats, but I have given enough to
satisfy the reader that they are equal
ly as expert as ihe Japanese."
Old Saws and Saw Mills. The
saw is an instrument of nncient ori
gin. We find it mentioned in the
book of Isaiah at a period cotempo
raucous with the building of Rome.
It is represented on the obelisks of
Eirypt, and was in nse among the
Egyptians a thousand years before
the days of Isaiah. The Greeks as
cnbe the invention of the saw to
Daedalus, or his pupil Talus; but it is
certainly of a more ancient date. Saw
mills were erected in Germany in the
fourth century; in the island of
Madeira in 1420; at Bre-Iau, in Aus
tria, in 1542; and in 1530 the first
one in Norway was built. These
were followed by many others all
over Europe. The saw mill, as a
mechanism for cutting timber, had
not ben in use very lour in som
countries before the settlement of
America. The early mode practiced
by the American colonists- of manu
facturing boards and planks was either
to saw them by hand, or to split, them
from the log, and then finish them by
hewing them with an ax. The fir.-t
saw mill erected in New England
was in New Hampshire, near Ports
mouth, fome time previous to the
year 1034 The first mdl in Massa
chusetts was built about the year
Hio3. This was some years before
the saw mill was introduced into
England. An early account of New
York, published in 1 70S, speaks of
Dutch built mills for sawing timber,
one of which would do more work in
one hour than fifty men in two days.
Saw mills were erected on Manhattan
Island as early as 1633. A saw mill,
down to the elo-e of the last century,
was quite a simple aff.ir. and a mill
that then cost 100 was considered
better than the average.
The number of names given as
owners of outside lands taken by San
Francisco and valued at 1 597,077,13
less than 120,
PACIFIC THEOLOOICAL SEMIXARY
The following circular is meeting
with a readv dissemination, and we
give it a place in our columns know
ing that thereby we add our mite to
help a good work:
Sax Fkaxcisco, Feb 10th., 1SG0.
The Trustees of the Pacific Theo
logical Seminary have the satisfaction
of announcing that they have secured
the services of a Professor) and suita
ble rooms, for the institution.
They are now ready to receive ap
plications from any "young men who
desire to prepare themselves for the
Christian minUtry. The privileges
and advantages of the institution are
offered alike to students from all the
e v a n g e 1 i c I a1 ei i o mi n a t i o ns . T b wot- k"
of instruction will be inaugurated
Wednesday, March Sd, 1869.
There will be no charges for tui
tion. . Text-books will be furnished,
as far as practicable, without expense
to the students. Rooms will be fur
n'shed gratis to those who are needy,
and whose wants are certified to the
Trustees. Students will be received
at any s'age of progress in their
studies. Regular classes will be or
ganized as soon as possible. The
term beginning in March will close in
June, and the regular year commence
Tee Professor who will engage in
the work of instruction is the Rev. J.
A. Benton; to whom all communica
tions in regard to admission, studies,
etc., should be addressed. Co-opera
tion, contributions to the library, and
other forms of help, are respectfully
solicited from all good people.
A. L. Sione, Pre-identof the Trus
tees; J. A Benton, Noah Brooks,
J. M. Haven, Committee of the Trus
tees.' Mount Vernon. One of the Vice
Regents of the Mount Vernon Asso
ciation has recently made a public
correction of certain widely circulated
erroneous statements in reference to
the management of the Mount Ver
non e.-tate. Tiie estate, it is assert
ed, is not as represented tenanted by
a family of eight Southern persons,
but a paid superintendent (a gentle
man connected with the Washington
family), and two ladies from the
State of New York, with the need
ful servants, occupied the mansion
house until recently. The superin
tendent was dismissed a short time
ago, as a matter of economy.
The two ladies were living at Mount
Vernon, during the war, beeau-e on
was unwilling to remain alone, in the
house without the protection of the
other. Several rooms, not of special
interest, have been kept closed to the
public, on account of the depreda
tions of visitors. It is stated that
nothing is safe from them. Several
of the ivory keys have been wrenched
from Martha Washington's harpsic
hord, and it is necessary to employ
servants especially to guard the
house and grounds from spoliation.
One of these rooms, the library, has
recently been opened for visitors.
At the late term of the Court of
Common Pleas, Springfield, Mass.,
a ca-e was tried involving the valid
ity of a condition in a contract with
a laborer, that he shall abstain from
the use of ardent spirits during the
term of service, under the penalty of
a forfeiture of his wages It was
claimed that such condition was un
conscionable, contrary to sound pub.
lie policy and the general policy of
the law that it was an immate
rial condition, the non fulfilment of
which could work no injury to either
party, and therefore ought not to be
enforced 'in a court of Justice. But
the court Judge Strong decided
that it was such a condition as the
parties had a right to make, and there
fore a legal one, and being such,
must be faithfully performed by the
laborer according to the terms of con
tractand that a violation of it neces
sarily subjected him to the loss of such
amount of wages as had aecnnd du
ring the tim he had kept it inviolate.
The price of wives among the Caf
fres, in Africa, has latley risen mate
rially. Fifteen cows would former
ly purchase n-i good a wife as the
market afforded, but twenty cows are
now demanded for an ordinary
article. And the bow-Uggeder they
are, the higher the price.
Jeff Davis dined on New Year's
day at the residence of his old rep
resentative at Paris, Mr. Slidell
The dinner was quite private, and
Mrs. Davis, in mourniug for her
mother, was not there.
John B. Gough'a father was an
English " Peninsular soldier," and
his mother the village school teacher
of Sandgate, Eng., where J. B. was
born, in August, 1317.
DISCOVERY OF SC1EAT RELICS.
There are perhaps thousands of
people who are net prepared to folly
believe the strange statements copied
into this paper two weeks ago to-day,
concerning the discoveries of pre-his-toric
remains at Rock Island and St,
Louis. We gave the items as we
found them however, and in addition
to what' we have already published,
copy from the Nashville, Tennessee
Press, the "following:
SomV months ago we had occasion
to write at' considerable length vari
ous accounts of strange discoveries
made in the vicinity of. Nashville, and
up the banks of p the - Cumberland as
tar as Stone river, 'showing "conclu
sively enough tbat this vicinity must
have been the site of a once large and
It is now generally conceded by
the few learned men among u.i that
formerly, beyond the period of even
European records, a mighty race
dwelt ou this continent, and that vast
cities aud an immense population
flourished on the hills and plains now
covered with what we consider the
primeval woods. Nashville, in par
ticular, is rich in the remains of this
Two days ao an adventurous stu
dent entered the cave which is known
to run under our city, in West NaTi
vdle, near the residence of Mr. Iliues,
on Knowles street, and having trav.
eled in a southerly direction for over
a mile, until he found himself some
where under the lull on which Fort
Negley stood, he made a rigid explo
ration of the interior of the cavern,
lie found earthen vases in profusion,
some of them capacious enough to
hold a barrel of water, and of un
doubted Eastern style of construc
tion. He also found a stone coffin or
sarcophagus, nine teet Jong on the
outside and seven feet long ou the in--ide.
It was laid upon a natural
ledge of rock at d bore certain char
acters on the side of it which he was
unable to decipher. Within was
nothing but a small sprinkling of dust
and about half an inch of pasty mud.
lie also found regular steel knivc-s
with very long handles of some sort
of composite material which he as
sured us is pottery. On these the
graven characters are yet quite legi
ble. He brought forth from this
grave of centuries several specimens
of his discoveries which are not less
curious than wonderful. He is mak
it g preparations for a series of explo
rations which he intends to extend
over several weeks. They will be
undertaken with a view of writing an
exhaustive and correct account of all
the archaeological remains which are
to be found around this city.
The Association for the Pre"
vention of Gambling, in New York,
claim to have clo-ed three hundred
and seventeen public gaming houses
during the past year. There are six
hundred members of the association,
and its receipts for the vear were
$24,000. It is estimated'that 30,
000,000 are annually spent in the
public gambling houses of New York
mot of it by men in mercantile
pursuits, and country merchants. It
would be interesting to know lrow
much is squandered am-ually in the
gambling houses of San Francisco,
where no efforts are made for tue
suppression of the evil.
Watering Roads A paper was
read before the British Association !
on this subject, tracing the history of
the practice from the time of throw
ing water from the gutters with a
shovel, to the watering-cart of the
j present day, which inadequately does
the work in London, for instance, at
the cost of half a million (gold) per
Summer. The paper states that 1
pound or pound of chloride of cal
cium and ehlonde of sodium to 1
gallon of water, thrown into the
watering cart, hardens and concretes
the surface of a road to such an ex
tent that no dust arises. Also that
the saving of water is 75 per cent;
that the deliquescent salts are aLo
amiputrescent; and that much cost of
road repairs is saved.
It is only three months since
Charles Nye patented a bag-fastener;
and he has recently received cash or
ders for over 60,000, and several of
fers of $10,000 for the patent, wh:ch
he declines. He has established a
factory capable of turning out 15,000
of the article per day. The fastener
consists merely of a couple of small
leather straps, united by a central
Mr. Thomas Anderson, of Gar
rard, Ky., has a cow, four years old
in September last, that has given
birth to five calves.
SpEciAiTras ix FarmikA; There is1
much discussion in agricultural circles
whether it is better to have &'mied
system in farming, or whether more
can be made by sticking chiefly to -one
crop. As very often happens in these"
disputes, the truth lies about midway
between the two parties. Almost ev
ery one will find oat in time that liis
bind or his circumstances are more
favorvnble to the excellence of some
one thing than his neighbors can ac
complish ; and he will therefore find-it-to
his interest to' push or make a
specialty of this thing-. But this, ia
generally as far' as it is proper to go,,
and it will be found not desirable to
attend to other things the less,beeaase
in the one thing he can do a little'
more. A couple of very ?ehsihle far
mers had something to say about this-
at a club in Illinois, which we find
reported in the Sycamore Republican
Spafford Smith snid : I have always
practiced mixed farming, because I
thought it unsafe to depend on one
branch exclusively. If anything,,
grain raising has been my spciality,.
but to raise grain 1 must have stock to
enrich the land My wheat has proved
more profitable than that which Mr.
A. Joslyn said: I farm only 60k
acres, and by raising large crops make
it support me. I think most farmers
have more land than they can take'
care of. Big farm big weeds-poor'
crops. My corn yields from GO to 70'
bushels to the acre; my wheat yields -30
bushels; and bailey 50 to 60'
bushels. Pursue the right course,
and you can raise 30 bushels of wheat -as
well as 10. In Englond they
raise 70 bushels. I think that to
plough land in August is as good as
a coat of manure. I have raised corn
ten years without manure and got
good crops. I think a man may'
make a specialty of one crop and'
would do well. Chri-tian Mvres.
of Pierce, has raised barley almost
exclusively for ten years, and from1
being poor and heavily in debt he has
become indepently rich. Blooded
hogs raised for breeding are p;rofita--ble
as a specialty.
Watering Horses. Ilorsesshould
never be kept so long without water
that they will drink largely when;
they get it. Give it to them often1
aud they never injure themselves with
it Nothing is more common than'
to hitch a team to the plow and make
them work half a day without a drop..
What man would submit to such treat
ment? If the plow is started at T in
the monn'ng, water should be given'
again before 10; and again in the af
ternoon by 4 o'clock. Even if half
an hour is thus consumed more work
will be done iu a day. The object
ion that horsrs on the road should
not '-be loaded with water," is not
valid. A horse weighing 1.20O wilt
not be much encumbered additionally
by 20 pounds of water, while the dis
tension will give him additional
strength. Every farmer knows that"
when he himself undertakes to lift a.
large log or heavy stone, he can do
more by first inflating himself witit
air, and not -infrequently he loses a
button or two from Lis pantlooss in
the operation. Some degree of infla
tion by water will add to a horse's
strength in a similar manner. Iu
driving a horse on the road at a natu
ral gait of nine or ten miles an hour
I have frequently had occasion to
obs-rve that he was laboring with
perspiration until I let him drink free
ly, when he ceased to sweat and evi
dently traveled more freely. Don't
oe afraid to give your horses water;
the danger is iu making them abstain
too long, in which case care is need
ed. Cor. Country Gentleman
A person has discovered a pro
cess to manufacture silk from the oi
iginal vegetable fibre of the mnlberry
tree, without waiting for its slow
transmission through Koliage into ver
micular intestines, and cocooned roll
ings and infinite spianings. The bark
of the young sapling is taken off, dis
solved, and all but the fibre disinte
grated. 1 his is then refmed, washed
dried and combed for mechanical
spining. The fibrous silk tbns made
is said to be fine, soft, about five inch
es in regular thickness good color and
considerable lustre. The process baa
At a recent meeting of the Con
necticut Board of Agriculture, Mr E.
II. Hyde stated that be once had a
Durham cow that produced 54 pounds
of milk, which made 21 pounds 15
ounces of batter daily, for thirty day
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