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About The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1869)
-orjgoi 6rrir, oiiegON Saturday, jmmbi ss, isoo.
1 tf jtfBER 11.
.. . t .' i v . v I I 2 4 f
j r.". " ; : , ' 1 . . . - 7 : ; . . . -t . .,: . , . , . , " ' - . , - ' .- -
1866.J EstablisHed. 1866.
The Weekly Enterprise.
UwiV INDEPENDENT PAPER,
FOB. THE l . : i.i ' .
Business Tlan, the Farmer
" " Jif tht FAMILY CIRCf.E. ;
PCBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
, '"; , AT TUB
OFFICE Corner of Fifth and Main streets
Oregon City,. Oregon.
C. IRELAND, Proprietor
THE WEALTH OP OREGON shaU at! all
V times constitute the paramount interest to
...which cue columns wiil be devoted. Every
measure for the jgood of the State, wboAef
of private or public interest ifrspet;tie of
party, will find in uftjj advocate and a de-
ntei to :t!i'rWt t Suf abilltyt" - We
-hal aim to attract the attention of the
million of -
POPULATION AND MONEY seeking profit
able places, to that channel whii'h is now
making this the fioci of the globe, and ren
dering Oregon with other Pacific States, the
Kraneiies of the world, with a centre of
i trade second. to none.
AOltlCL'LTUltK will continue to receive that
' attention which it merits, at the hands of
every intelligent Journalist. " The Farmer
THR MARKETS will he watched carefully,
and such information as we shall he able to
compile will be published.
MANUFACTURERS are earnestly roqne.sted
to inform us with respect ti those various
interests, to Uie end that we may be able to
make the KNTr.nrm.SK us nf-ar an encyclo
paedia of the business of Oregon a.s can be.
TERMS of SUBSCRIPTION :
Single Copy one year ?'5 00
:mx months 2 00
" ' Three months 1 00
Five Copies. 1 year, fl 2 50 each $12 50
- flW In which case tin extra copy will be
jent to the person forming the Club, and a.s
an inducement to such persons, with a view
of extending our circulation,
Una Dollar and Ttrmfij-Fivr Cents
Will be allowed as Commission on eacii addi
t'umal fiv. Su.bc ibcri. Thus any person
who will i:iti.-rest himself in the matter, may
secure tiie paper free ind receive a libel al
compensation tor his services.
A3 Rfmitttntcfix to be made tit the risk of
Subscriber, inul at the espouse of Agents.
TERMS of A I VERTISIXG :
.Transient advertisements, including all
legal notices. i. of 12 lines, 1 w.$ 2 50
For each subsequent insertion 1 ;()
One Column, one rear $120 00
Half " '' 00
quarter " " -10
business Card, 1 square one year 12
BOOK AND JOB P HINTING.
&i" The Knt-rprise office is Mipplied with
beautiful, approved styles of type. ;tnd miul
m MACHINE PRESSES, uhb n will enable
the Proprietor ti. do Job Piintin at all times
Nral, Qicirk end Cheap !
Hi- Work sol,c:tcd.
I). C. IRSILAXP, l'rr-prittm:
. F. BARCLAY,
JtfUo Qi.o . .i-ia
(Formerly Mirgeon to the Hon. H. 1L Co.)
OFFICE At Residence, Main street Ore
jr"ii City, Oieuoii.
T II. W ATKINS, M. D ,
SURr.EON". l'or.TI.AN'D. OlIKCON.
OFFICE '..", Front street Residence cor
jer t" M tin ami Seventh .-trctls
Savier, LaHoque & Co.,
3u"Keep constantly on hand bu sale, flour
Midlines, Rran aufl Cliicken Feed. Parties
jiurching feed must furnish the sacks.
Contractor and Builder,
Main St.. OREGON CITV.
B-gr Will attend to all work in his liue. con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner woi k
training, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
.attended t .
Succettor to SMITH & MARSHALL,
JilackSmilh and Wayon Maker)
Corner of Main and Third streets.
-'S- Blacksmi thing in all its branches; Wag
on making and repairing. All work warrant
ed to give satisfaction.
PORTLAND AUCTION ST0EE,
97 First si., J'urtla.id,
Next Door to Post Otjice.
ti Importers and Jobbers of Staple and
Fancy lry (Joods. Grdn bags, Burlaps, furn
ishing Goods, t n, We pay the highest cash
price for Wool, Furs, and Hides.
jttES & DALLAM,
IMTOUTEUS AXii JOIJBEnsOF
Wood and "Willow Ware.
Brushes. 7 wines, Cor day e, etc.,
0 AMI M.VM FACTl nKliS OK
Brooms, Pails, Tubs, Washboards, -c
215 A 217 Sacramento st.. San Francisco.
113 Maiden Lane, N. Y. Citv.
W, F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since lS4li.at the old stand,
Main Street, Oregon City, Oregon.!
An Assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, and Scth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to he as represented.
Repairing cone on Fhort notice,
i ind thankful for past favors.
tofeslr OREGON CITY.
oraers ior ine iifinei) uti-ivimu-
iise ir packages and freight of w hatever des -
ertption. to any part of the city, illbeexe -
cnted promptly and with care.
tr. All orders for the delivery ft mercnan-
. J. E. P ATT ON,
Succeor to HIGG1NS rf- COMPANY,
No. 8 Front Street, Portland. Oregon,
Is now manufacturing a superior article of
Chemical. Olive. Pale and Brown Family Soap
which he will sell at San Francisco prices. .
This soap is warranted.
i 1 ' -
"Willamette Lo!i;c No. l.v-I. O. ti. T
Meets eveiT Saturday evening, at the rooms
ii.K. Wiruer'of Main and Fifth streets, at 7 1-2
u'clock. Visiting inembjrs are invited ta
attend, liy ordr of - W. C. T.
TOB PHIXTIXS XEATI.T EXEtTT-
f) edatthe ENTEKITvISiTOiTICE.
Q V. FERRY,
- BROKER, I'oRTr.AXT. Oregon.
, Cor. Front and If'ashlngUm SU.
Agent North British and Mercantile
':; InsijfiVce Company, aud Manht
tan Life lnsnrar.ee Company.
I-'F5f"Oorernment Securities, Ktocks.TJonds
and lical Estate bought and sold on Com
W. C. JOHNSON'..- i P. O. M'COWK. ,
' - Notary Public.
JCIUNTS0N & McCOWN, :
" -" Oregon City, Oregon.' "! '- '
& Will attend to all business entrusted to
our care in any of the. Courts of the Statu,
Collect money .Negotiate. loans, sell real estate
etc. Particular attention given to couteated
j. n. mitciiki.l. j.x.'DOLrn. a. shith.
. Itlitcliell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys ami Counsellors at Laoy
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc
tors in Admiralty.
;:5T Office o-er the old Post"odice, Front
street, Portland, Oregon.
A. C. til BUS.
C. W. rARHlSH,
Notary PuWe and Com. of Deeds.
GIBES & FARRISH,
Attorneys and Counselors at Laic,
OFFICE On Aider street, in Carter's
JOHN H. B AC OCT,
Justice of the Peace City Recorder.
Office In the Court House and City
Council Room,. Oregon City.
fftT Will attend to the acknowledgment of
deeds, and all other duties apr.f rtamiug to the
business of a Justice of the Peace.
Dr. J, H. HATCH,
Late Mack 4- Hatch
The patronare of those desiring First Class
0-"ratin.i, is respectfully solicited.
Satisfaction in all cases guaranteed.
N. 15. Sitrnu xy-U adiuii.istervtl for the
Faifiless Extraction of Teeth.
Offick Corner of Washington and Fron
streets, Portland. Entrance on Washington
jj E S T A L N QT1 C E .
v- j X Durinsr mv 'our of t wo vears
(Z'ZZkgS. n the Eastern States I "have
spared neither time n o r
liionev to make mvse!f per
fectly familiar with and master of my ro
fossfon. Those desiring the- best work that
the nature of tiie case will admit of can find
rue at my oliice, l'7 Front s-treet, two doors
above Mccormick's Look Store, Portland,
TIR. J. O. GLENN.
C H A U N C H Y BALL,
fs.t-' - -.' fo Crod'ni cf" Co.,
M AM'fAt-TlUEIl OF
v eJ f;, O t . a w ci a.i
Front st., Portland, Oregon.
Ci7 Wagons of every description
M'ide to order. General Jobbing done
with neatness and dispatdi.
A LARGE INVOICE OF NEW
Sunday School and Gift Books !
17KO.M THE AMERICAN TRACT bOCIE
JL ty and
Various other Publishing Houses!
For sale by the subscriber, on Jeiierson-st.
between 'id ami :3d. Port bind, Ortgou.
G. II. ATKINSON, Secretary.
52.lv and Treas. Oregon Tract So c
J AMKS L. DALY,
(Late Dalv k Stevens.)
G E N E It A L AGE N T,
Office No. lot Front street, Portland,
Will give fpecial attention to Collecting
and adjustment of accounts, bills and notes;
Negotiating Inland bills; effecting loans;
buying, selling and leasing real estate; house
renting, and to the general agency business
in all its branches.
A. II. HKI.L.
K. A. fAKKEK.
BELL &. PARKER.
AXn DEALERS IN"
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store. Main
Street. Ore son City.
A. J. MOXKOE. W. A. K. MEI.I.KX.
MONROE c TflELLEI,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
ments, Head and Foot stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. "'l.t
J. F. MILI.KK. , J. W. SIIATTL'CK.
J. F. MILLER t Co.,
MANl FACTt r-EUS OK AND UKALEHS IX
At the Oregon City Boot and Shoe
Store, Main street.
THE BEST SELECTION
Of Ladies'. Gents', Boys', and Children's
Boots and Shoes, on hand or made to order.
AxintKw wii.lis. . mjotniiTON.
WILLIS & BR0UGHT0W.
Having purchased the interest
I of S. Cram, in the well known tffS-S.
. VEK T S TA HLE V5A-
One door west of Excelsior Market. Oregon
City, announce that they will at all times
keep good horses si d "carriasres to lot, at
reasonable rates. Horses bought and sold
or kept by the day or week.
H. E. CHATFIELD,
; uaraen and Field Seeds of all Kinds.
i PKODtcE and COHSIISSIOX
r . .
! first sine!, Portland Ortaon
u-jnaic aua i;eiau Dealer in
j Near the Western Hotel
THE JEWKLKT (i I 'Xt-t
Establishment of J. B. Miller
HAS BEEN REMOVED
To No. 101 Front st., corner of Alder
Carters New Building, Portland,
In Chas. Woodard's Drug Store
TS Where he will be ready to atteud to
all manner of workmanship in bis line.
Watches and Jewelry repaired in ths most
nrarkmaclUte manner. J. B. MILLEIi
IHE LEAIIXED NKCtllO,
There waa a negro preacher, I have heard,
In Southern parts, before, rebellion stirred,
IVbo did not spend his strength in empty
.:??,un.d , v.-.( ,, . ' v i
ITis was a miad deep reaching, and pro
founl. .. v - ' i : "" - ' ;
Others ;might iicat; the air,, : and make a
And help to amuse the silly girls and
. boys ; ' ; 5 "-- '
, Bui as for him he wa a maa of lhought,
Deep in theology, although untaught-t
Ilef'eonld not read or wrife,- but he was
: wise, t .... . .. , . ,T
And knew right smart how to extemporise,
One Sunday morn, when hymns and
prayens wfre said,
The preacher rose, and rubbing up his
" Bredren and sisteria, and companions
Our preachiment to-day, as you shall
Will be ob de creation ob de plan
Oh which Cod fashioned Adam, de fust
When God made Adam, inde ancient day,
lie made his body out of earth and clay,
lie shape hini out all right, den by-and-hve,
lie set him up again de fence to dry."
'Stop," said a voice, and straightway
An ancient negro in his master's clothes;
i( Tell me," said he, " before you farder go,
One little thing which I should like to
It does not quite get thrcugfi dis nigger's
How came dat fence so nice and hantlv
Like one who in the mud is tightly stuck.
Or one non-plusscd, astonished, thunder
The preacher looked severely on the pews.
And rubbed his hair to know what words
" Bredren," said he, " dis word I hab to
5;iy ; .
De preacher can't be bothered in dis way,
For if he is, it's jest as like as not,
Our whole theology will be upsot."
Cvngrcija'ionaMst and Recorder.
OIU OWN OKEGOX.
Agricultural and Geographical SCdtis
tics, by A. J. Duur.
COLV1IUIA COUNTY. JF
Tiie following information, rela-
tive to the resources of Columbia
county, 1ms been fnrn'shed the Com
mercial by II. J. Stevenson, E-q., a
practical surveyor and civil engineer,
together with ati outline map of the
most important localities in Marion,
Polk, Vnmhill, Washington, Clacka
mas, Multnomah, Clatsop, Columbia,
Wasco-and Umatilla counties, their
connection with tho Pacific ocean by
the waters of the Wallamet and
Columbia rivers ; also, the feasibility
of uniting by railroad the most prom
inent places in these counties with
Putret Sound :
With a water line on the Colum
bia river, the entire length of its
northern boundary, a sale river chan
nei for navigation and harbors, capa
ble of accommodating ocean steamers
and sailing vessels of the largest size,
this county is not only of importance
to the farmer for its fertile soil, and
adaptation to stock raising and dairy
inp;, but to the lumberman, mtehanic
and nianuf icturer, for its extensive
forests of valuable timber, numerous
mill-sites and water-powers ; to the
manufacturer of iron, for its rich
beds of coal and iron ore ; and al
though iiow but thinly settled, is
destined to become of importance at
no distant period, in a commercial
point of view.
Improved farming land of the best
quality, in favorable localities, can
be obtained at from eight to ten dol
lars per acre, with unimproved at
four. There is about two hundred
and twenty thousand (220,000) acres
of unimproved upland, principally
covered with a heavy growth of ex
cellent timber, mostly yellow fir.
Also, about eighty thousand (80,
000) acres of bottom land along the
Wallamet and Columbia rivers, a
large portion of which is subject to
periodical overflow, from the first of
June to the middle of July. But
during the rest of the year, it is cov
ered with a luxuriant growth of very
nutritious grass, yielding from two to
three tons of hay to the acre, or fur
Dishing an almost inexhaustible sup
ply of pasturage for stock raising and
dairy purposes. The higher portions
of this bottom land, known as hard
hack ridges, seldom overflows, being
an alluvial deposit of vegetable
monld; is of almost inexhaustible
fertility, and when cultivated pro
duces all kinds of grain in perfection,
and appears to be especially adapted
to the" cultivation of routs and gar
Dairy productions always com
mand a ready sale in this locality,
at remunerative prices. The expe
rienced dairymau and stock grower,
with ordinary economy and industry,
can in a lew years place liiaiselt in
independent circumstauces, with a
Apples, pears, peaches, plums,
cberms, qninces, grapes, and the dif
ferent varieties of small frui:s. do
well when planted iu lavorable locali
ties; and ornamental shrubbery, with
beautiful flower gardens, can be suc
cessfully cultivated, so as to suit the
most fastidious taste-
Good government land can be ob
tained within a mile of navigable
water, at one dollar and twenty-five
cents per acre, currency; also, 'State
and School land at two dollars. The
principal kinds of timber are fir,
cedar, cottoryvribd, ash, oak, maple,
alder and willow; given m the order
in which they predominate.
Pure water is abundant for stock
and domestic 'purposes. There are
also auout forty natural mill sites in
this county, situated in the vicinity
of the navigable waters Of the Colum
bia'and Wallamet rivers.
-A tract of land known to be rich
in iron ore, exists in the vicinity of
St. Helens.- A portion of these iron
lands are ' owned by- capitalists,
who contemplate erecting fpielting
-works thereon as soon as pr"8etieatda.J
An extensive coal vein has also been
discovered in the vicinity of St.
Valuable salt springs exist in the
southern part of this county, from
one of which a superior article of
salt is being manufactured. There
are six saw and one grist mill in this
county. The steam mill at St.
Helens is one of the finest in the
State, being capable of cutting 40,
000 feet of lumber per day.
There are excellent inducements
in. this county for mechanics who
have a small amount of capital to
commence business with, and a limit
ed number of tradesmen of all kinds
would find steady employment.
Several good schools are establish
ed in this county, with one church
(Methodist) at St. Helens.
All kinds of produce sells at re
munerative prices, St. Helens being
a good market, with a safe harbor,
where consignments can be made to
Portland, Victoria, San Francisco,
or any other market on the coast.
The climate is mild and temperate,
without extreme cold in winter, or
excessive heat in summer. Snow
seldom falls to remain on the ground
more than two or three days at a
A few cases of ague occur periodi
cally in the southern part of the
county, but the country is generally
healthy, and fever and ague is not
prevalent in any part of the State.
The inducements held out to pro
fessional men are not very flattering
in this locality, although good school
teachers are well patronized; but
the great secret of success in a new
place like this, is mooey judiciously
invested, backed by muscle, vigorous
ly applied, to develop a country nat
urally rich in agricultural, mechanical
and mineral resources.
Grain and seeds, of the different
varieties, can be obtained by the im
migrant in almost any of the settle
ments in this count-, at a reasonn
ble rate. Agricultural implements,
mechanics' tools, provisions, groce
ries, clothing, hardware, books, sta
tionery and, in fact, everything nec
essary to commence life with com
fortably, in a new country, can be as
readily obtained in this locality, and
-t almost as cheap a price, as in the
No. 3. ,
TILLAMOOK COUNTY. , ?
This county, lying immediately
sou'h of Clatsop county, to which it
is attached for judicial purposes, has
a sea coast extending from Tillamook
Head, on the north, to Cape Fair
weather, in the somh, a distance of
about seventy miles.
With a good harbor at the month
of the Tillamook river, in the north
ern part of the county, well adapted
to steamers and sailing vessels of
light draught, with other inlets far
ther south on the coast of less im
portance, with pure water, small
fertile velleys, and a mild, healthy
climate, this county holds out in
ducements not to be overlooked Ly
the iudustrious, persevering immigrant,
seeking a home on the' PaciGc coast.
The following informations is furnish-
jxi by Wm. II. Hall, Esq., who resid
ed a number of years in this county.
This county is accessible by water
through its bays and inlets; also, by
pack trail from Astoria, and another
from Yamhill county, leading to Tilla
The interval lands along the
creeks and rivers are not surpassed
for productiveness on this coast, be
ing a vegetable mould of alluvial de
posit. These lands when properly
cultivated, produce the different va
rieties of vegetables, grain and grass,
iu abundance; while the prairies and
uplands are well adapted to general
farming, yielding fruit. and all kinds
of crops generally cultivated by the
farmer, excepting corn.
Farming lands, partly improrel,
can be obtained at from three to five
dollars per acre, while other good
land not so eligably situated can be
had at government price. There is
about fifty thousand acres of tide
land, covered with very nutritious
grass, especially adapted to dairying,
good butter and cheese always com
manding paying prices in the dif
ferent markets on this coast. This
branch of industry can be followed
on these lands with marked success.
Timber for fencing and building
purposes U plenty and easily ob
tained, being composed of spruce,
hemlock, fir, cedar, maple and alder,
of which spruce predominates.
Numerous springs and brooks sup
ply an abundance of pure, cold wa
ter for stock and domestic use ; while
the larger creeks, running westward
from the coast range mountains, fur
nish numerous mill sites and water
nower for all mechanical purposes.
The spruce timber in this part of
the country grows to an enormous
size, being in many instances from
five to eieht feet in diameter, and
from one to two hundred feet high
before reaching a limb-fornishiDg an
excellent material for staves, sliiDgles,
clapboards, flooring, masts, spars,
knees, and plank. Ad almost inex
haustible supply of hemlock, bark
cotiid' be "obtained here for tanning
The- climate an3 temperatnre- in
summery -.from a. cool sea breeze,
renders the air delightful and healthy.
Jn winter, the thermometer seldom
indicates a temperature below twenty
degrees Frenheit.. Billions fevers
and ague seldom, if ever known.
r This county being thinly settled,
there are, no greaj. inducements to
professional men ( apd,. teachers, but
thiechanic or. manufacturer, with a
small capital, by perseverence and
industry, can in a few years build up
a fortune from his own toil.
The conveniences for imraigrrnts
to obtain supplies of provision,
household furniture, merchandise, ag
ricultural implements, mechanics'
tools, etc., are not as good as in
many other parts of the State, arti
cles of this kind being obtained from
Portland by means of sailing vessels;
but nature has placed within ihe
reach of industry, the facilities for
overcoming most of these inconveni
ences by furnishing the raw material
from which to produce or manufac
ture almost all the necessaries of Iffe.
The privileges for common schools
and meetings for religious worship,
are as good as could be reasonably
expected in a new locality like this,
schools being established in all the
settlements whera the number of
scholars demand one, and the Metho
dist and Christian denominations
having a number of local and itine
rant preachers in the different valleys
in this vicinity.
There are trails where stock of all
kinds can be driven from this valley
to Portland or Astoria. Other
marketing is done by- means of sail
ing vessels coming into the bays.
There are two lumber mills and
two flour mills in this county, but
the numerous excellent water-powers,
with the abundance of timber, would
make lumbering on an extensive
scale a profitable business in this lo
cality. The mineral resources of this
county have not been developed, but
coal, iron and slate are known to
exist iu different localities.
The d liferent kinds of fish are
abundant in all the inlets and bays,
while swarms of speckled trout
abound in mountain streams and fur
uish rich pastime for the sportsman.
Elk, deer, bear, and the smaller
varieties of gam?, are abundant in
many parts of the county, and good
oyster beds exist along the coast.
.o 4. f
Washington county is situated in
the northwest corner of the Wallamet
Valley, and is oie of the best grain
growing counties of the State, wat
ered by the Tual.it an river and its
tributaries, with beautiful prairies of
unsurpassed fertility,timber and wood
land more than sufficient to supply
the borne demand, and within an easy
day's drive of navigable water, makes
it among the most desirable locations
for a home in the State.
In answer to inquiries made by the
Committee, asking for information
relative to the resources of Oregon,
the following communication has been
received from John T. Scott, Esq.,
which, for its clear and comprehen
sive statement of facts, the Commit
tee has thought best to insert entire:
Forest Grove, Washington County, )
September 25, 18o8. j"
Hon. A. J. Dofur, Chairman of the Oregon
Agricultural Society :
Dear Sir.: In compliance with
circular, I will briefly answer the sev
eral inquiries in their order.
rust Ihe character of public
buildings: We have located in our ,
county the Pacific University. The
buildings consist of three large and
commodions framed structures, suffi
cient for to accommodate the present
wants of the community. And I
rn&y here remark, that this Institute
is well patronized, and the corps of
teachers is not excelled in the State.
Second The average pr ice of farm
ing land, improved and unimproved:
Improved, farms can be obtained from
ten to twenty dollars per acre, ac
cording to the amount of improve
ments; unimproved, at from three to
Third The amount of tax on the
dollar in this county is fourteen mills.
Fourth The general nature of the
soil, etc.: Our county contains some
of the best farming lands in the State.
The Tualitan Plains are well adapted
to the growth of grain and grass, as
well as to vegetables, and fruit of all
Fifth The different kinds of tim
ber and adaptation to building, lum
ber, feuce, etc.: We have all the
different varieties that are to be found
throaghout our State, conveniently
located for tarming and lumbering
purposes. Our water power is abun
dant and ample.
Sixth Quality and convenience of
water for stock and domestic purposes:
Wells are mostly used for families:
water soft, pure and easily obtained;
numerous creeks and springs abound.
Seventh Climate, health, etc.;
We are situated in the northwest
corner of the Wallamet Valley ; our
climate is mild and of an even tem
perature; the general health of the
country is good.
Eighth Inducements held out to
mechanics, professional men and
tradesmen: The various mechanical
professions thrive well here, although
there is not a sufficient supply for the
demand; in lact, we want more pop
ulation to develope Our vast resources.
We could welcome ten thousand set
tlers to our county, and yet there
would be room for more
' Ninth The facilities Cor. knmU
grants to obtain supplies of all kinds:
We have, a large surplus grain crop,
and seeds of all kiiids are cheap and
abundant among us, and easily'ob
tained. Agricultural and mechanics'
tools-can be bad as cheap and of as
good a pattern as in many of the old
Tenth Opportunities for school
ing and meetings of religious worship:
Pacific University and Tualitan Accf
emy afford all the advantages in this
immediate neighborhood that could
be desired for the education of our
children and youth; This school is
of the highest order. There are
three church edifices in our village
Congregational, Baptist and Metho
dist. Twelfth Mills and manufacturing
resources: We have several grist
and saw-mills in our couuty, but there
is room and a demand for more.
Thirteenth Can government land
be obtained in your couuty? All our
mountain lands are vacant, but will
soon be monopolized by the Oregon
Central Railroad (West Side). There
is numerous tracts of mountain land
that would make desirable homes.
With much respect, fcc..
This county is situated on the nav
agable waters of the Wallamet river,
and probably holds out greater in
ducements to the capitalist who
wishes to make successful investment
in the various manufacturing enter
prises, or to the industrious mechanic
with limited means, than any other
locality of equal size on the Pacific
coast, or even in the Uuited States.
The following information relative
to the present resources and natural
advantages of this county, was fur
nished the Committee by ID. C.
Ireland, Esq., editor of the Oregon
City Enterprise, a gentleman who has
taken great pains to obtain and cir
culate valuable information through
the columns of his paper, relative to
the mineral, mechanical and agricul
tural wealth of this State:
First There are no public build
ings in Clackamas county worthy of
note, if we except the Seminary at
Oregon City. The County Jail is a
miserable structure, but we have
very little use for a jail in this re
gion. Second The average price of
farming land, improved and unim
proved, is from three to five dollars
per acre. Wild lands is abundant at
from one dollar and twentyfive cents
to two dollars per acre.
Third The assessed value of prop
erty in Clackamas county, and the
tax levied, is as follows, for the four
Year. Valuation. Mills Tax.
1SC4 ?1,25S,877 00 5
ISH't 1,600.394 00 7i
1,24,75 0 5
18G7 1,648,875 00
The last levy was for extraordina
ry expenses in purchasing bridges,
etc., by which all of our bridges were
made free from toll. The figures
under the head of valuation, show a
healthy increase in the development
of the resources of the couuty after
the damage by floods of the winter of
Fourth The general nature of
the soil for farming purposes is good.
Grain, vegetables, and the various
kinds of fruit, grow in abundance
here, even on our poorest lands.
Stock raising and dairying could be
entered npon at small expense. There
is no better country for timothy
grass than this; its growth on our !
highest hills is luxuriant, and it serves
to kill out fern.
Fifth AVe have all the varieties
of timber common to Oregon, in
Clackamas county. Oak and ash,
suitable for wagon timber and the
woodwork of agricultural implements,
is said to be more abuuiant and of
better quality in this than in any
other county, and has been worked
out by parties in years past with
profit to themselves, and the oppor
tunity still remains. The amount of
material for building, fencing, etc.,
is inexhaustible in this county, and a
general lumbering business is now
being carried on by ten or a dozen
companies, with available space for a
Sixth The quality of water for
family use in Clackamas county ean
not be excelled pure living springs
and mountain streams course through
every section. The amount of water
available for power, is far in excess
of any other single county iu the
The Falls of the Wallamet, in this
city, provide man with more than one
million horse power. The factories
of Lowell and Lawrence, were they
here, would consume but a portion of
the water adapted by nature to mill
ing and mechanical purposes in this
town. Oswego can be made to fur
nish one quarter of that amount,
while Milwaukie has significant value
in this respect, aud the Clackamas,
Molalla, Butte creek, Mill creek,
Tualatin, and many other stream
which we might mention, furnish val
uable localities for mill sites and
Seventh The temperature of this
locality is even. Excessive heat and
excessive cold is very rare. The
general health of the county is
good. Billious affections are but
little known among our people.
Eighth We can effer better in
ducements to mechanics and trades
men, who can bring capital with them,
than other coonties of the State gen
erally. We could do better by them
had our citizens capital themselves to
develop our resources. . Professional
men and teachers we have .bnt little
use for at present. Such places are
now ably filled. We want blood
and muscle, and money.
Ninth Immigrants can obtain
anything in this county they desire,
at reasonable cost.
Tenth Opportunity for schooling
and meetings for religious worship
,'s S9 i Clackama conjity. Id
this city lone thereare fire churches
Methodist, Episcopal, Catholic,
Congregational and Baptist. We
have also in this city three private or
select schools, and one excellent pub
lic school, capable of teaching the
Eleventh The facilities for mark
eting and means of transportation in
this county are equal to any on the
PaciGc coast. This is a community
of consumers, chiefly operatives and
laborers. The same may be said of
Oswego, where miners, choppers,
teamsters, coal burners, furnacemen.
ete., from the bulk of population.
We have three steamers running
daily (Sundays expected) between
Oregon City and Portland, to which
will soon be railroad communication
connecting ns with the present sea
port of Oregon, only ten miles dis
tant. Twelfth We have two woolen
factories in Clackamas county. The
leading one located in Oregon City,
is about 190 by 60 feet, four stories,
built of stone and brick, and contains
twelve sets of the latest improved
machinery. The Oswego iron smelt
ing works, erected in 1 807, at a cost
of about $100,000. There are sever
al lumbering mills in the county.
The celebrated Imperial flouring mills
are located at Oregon City, and the
famcos Standard flour is made at Mil
waukie. The only iron made on
the coast, is made at Oswego; it is
equal to the best Scotch pig, and is
sought for by California foundrymen.
We have a large tannery at Milwau
kie, which turns out leather that sells
in San Francisco along side the best
Santa Cruz. We have a paper mill
doing a flourishing business. We
have gold and silver quartz mines in
this county of value. We have coal
and lime, and copper has recently
been discovered in considerable quan
tities'. fThe Oswego Milling' "Com
pany export lumber,' and all other
mills manufacture for domestic n?es.
At this city salmon fishing is carried
on lo considerable extent. Seven
nets have been run this season."
Thirteenth There is government
land in this county available for set
tlement, and we are told that much
of it would be of value for agricultu
ral purposes. Mechanical or lumber
ing pursuits cannot be gone amiss of.
The Government Land Office is lo
cated at Oregon City, at which Mr.
Owen Wade officiates as Register;
and Mr. Henry Warren, Receiver
Three neighbors have cows that
brought twins ; in each case one of
the twins is a bull and the other a
heifer. Heifers coming thus, seldom,
or more often than otherwise, do not
breed. The name " free martin" has
been given to them. They are often
raised with a view of making beef of
them at three or four years old, and
most delicious beef they become.
Sometimes they are broken to the
yoke and matched with a twin
brother, made a steer, The bulls,
if used for breeders, are said to be
frequent getters of free martins. We
suppose there is little doubt that twin
animals are more apt to bear twins
than are others. A free martin has,
if barren, a peculiarly ox like look.
Twet.ty-five or fifty dollars worth
of books pertaining to the farm will
give the boys new ideas, set them to
thiuking and observing, and thus en
able thera to make their heads help
their hands. Any good book will, in
the end, be of far more value to a
youth than to have an extra acre of
land, on coming to manhood. The
thinking, reasoning, observing man
will certainly make more off from 49
acres, than he would off from 50 acres
without the mental ability which
reading will give him. Far better to
sell the acre of land than do with
out the books.
THE LABOR Q,UESTIOK.
From the "Orcgonian" of January 18.1869.
Both the Democratic papers in this
city are agonizing in the most fearful
manuer because some Chinese have
been employed in the woolen factory
at Oregon City. But with all their
words on this subject these papers do
not discuss anything ; they have no
thing to say about the relations of
labor and capital ; they simply rant
after the fashion of shallow dema
gogues, and try to turn the circum
stance at Oregon City to political ac
count. A storm of obloquy is show
ered cpon the " Radicals" for their
alleged agency in " ousting poor but
honest white laborers from our fac
tories ;" and the Republican party is
charged with the odium of being the
enemy of oar laboring clashes. Says
one of these organs : " White men
who voted with the Republican party
must not complain if the men they
assisted to place in power now carry
out the programme contrary to their
wishes and injurious to their inter
ests." Indeed 1 Let us see what
manner of men they are who are put
ting into practice these odious "Rad
ical" principles. Wrbo are they who
have engaged in th's effort " to de
grada vrbite labor V
Tho men who own and control tho
Oregon City , factory are Democrats.
No Republican is connected- with tha
management of the establishment. It
is Democrats, then, who ate' engaged
in the work which oar neigh Dors stig
matize as atrocious It is Democrats
who are ' 'discriminating ogainft
white labor.' It is Democrat who
have done this thing which these par
tisan organs, in their excessive leal,
denounce as an indefensible outrage.
These heartless capitalists' are
Democm is, every one. It is XXentst'
erats who have been the first to In
troduce the "moon-eyed heathen"
into our factories " to crowd out the
white laborer." And the Orrgonian
which is accused of beine an " apolo
gist" for these capitalists in their aels
of oppression towards the poor," has,
if the charge be true, committed the
sin of "apologizing" lor as good
Democrats as there arc in Oregon,
and of insisting that they have a rjight
to manage their own business as tliey
please J o
It will be seen, therefore, that even
Democrats do not hesitate to empfo
mongrel labor ; that Democrats bate
no objection to " p'acing side by sid
the fair Caucasian and the tawny
Celestial j" that Democrats even take
the lead in this thing and set the ex
ample of "discriminating jigainst
white labor." . How much parly cap
ital do the two Democratic organs (
this city and the Democratic Sheriff
of Clackamas county expect to make"
out of these facts ? They denounce
the Republicans for the iniquity of
Chinese labor in the Oregou City
factory, when they should be levelling
their shafts at members of their owi
party who are the authors of the act
they so savagely condemn !
It is a fact which is supported and
confirmed by the observation of
every intelligent person, that Demo
crats are employers of Chinese labor
as much as Republicans. Demo
crats are just as anxious as Republi
cans to get their work done nt littler
cost. This is no party question ttt
all, and none but mumping, canting
fools seek to connect it with party
politics. The fact that the ownera
and managers of the Oregon City
factory are Democrats is an illustra
tion which shows that this matter ha
nothing to do with party. Who can
cite an instance where a Democrat
ever failed to employ a person of" in
ferior race" when be'saved riidney by
employing bim ? If there ever was
such an instance, so rare an exception
shows the universal prevalence of tho
opposite rule. There is not a Demo
cratic paper in this country which
wonld hesitate to employ Chinese
labor, if such labor could be inade
available at a saving ot money. Tbo
proprietor of the Herald would dis
charge his whole force, editors and
all, to make room for Chinese em
ployes, if Wa-Kee could furnish him
competent workmen at reduced rates.
We would not say that it would not
be an improvement for hini to try
the experiment at once. -
In connection with this matter there
is much animadversion upon the Chi
nese Treaty. Now everybody knows
that there were Clnnese here in large
numbers before that treaty was
formed. While the Federal and
State governments were yet under
Democratic control, the Chinese came
to our Pacific States by tens of thou
sands. The General Government
made no effort to keep them back.
The administrations of Pierce and
j Buchanan, supported by Congresses
overwhelmingly jJemocratic, took no
measures to " protect" the whites of
America against the "mongrel hordes
of Asia." At that time the Chinese
were as numerous in California as they
are now. From that State fbey have
gradually spread over the whole coast.
If their presence here is a cnrser that
curse, like the rebellion, was left as
a legacy to the country by the demo
cratic party when it was driven from
As Democrats are foremost in em
ployincr Chinese labor in Oregon,
what remedy would the wi.e men of
the Democratic party propose? Are
Republicans to be censured for the
propensity to employ cheap labor,
which is continually manifested by
Democrats among us ? Are we to
be assailed because we do not pro
vide laws to prevent and pnnish such
action as that taken by the Demo
crats of the manufacturing company
at Oregon City? This would be in
keeping with the Democratic habit of
condemning the " Radicals" because
they do not provide penal enactments
to prevent Democrats from marrying
"nigjrer?." The two cases are, in
principle, exactly alike.
In a former article we said : " It
is the fashion to regard capital as the
enemy of labor. Nothing is more
erroneous. Without capital there
would be no wages at all." The
Herald quotes this and sneeringly
remarks. That is good Republican
doctrine of to-day." And pray is it
not good common sense doctrine of
every day ? Observe what it is the ;
Herald takes issue with. That paper
regards capital as the enemy of labor!
It holds, then, 'that every man who
has capital is the object of the envy
and rapacity of those whom it de
nominates "the poor." This is,
ideKticallv the principle of the Ja
cobins of'l7U3, which was afterwards
put in a convenient formula by Proud
hon, when he asserted Jbat property
was a crime. The principle advanced
by the Herald would quickly abolish
all property. Every man whose con.;
dition in life compels him to labor
with his hands is to be held up as an
object of pifj ecd tauLt that th
owuer of property is h enemy and