The Weekly enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1868-1871, January 16, 1869, Image 1

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186e:f3sfiffished-:i 1866.
Business Many the Farmer
pxBi.isiiiiu every Utcuda
. AT THE . , . .
OFFICyCornerot Pirra nd Main streets
Uregos Citj. Oregon. u ,
5 Z. C. IRELAND, Proprietor. !
THE WEALTH 0PS 0BD0ON slialt Vail
times constitute the paramount interest to
which iif columns jrjll feederot4. Every
"memtf fo; e good 1 gtatif he'ther
of pHri&or ju$iciftfJltirrt&pe:tW of
- party,, will flad In us an advocate and cfe-
feuder, to the extent of or ability. We
S&t ta "raot F
able placed, to thatchaunel whif.h U now
making this the Jioci of the--gIobe. nd ren
dering Oregon with other Pauinc States.the
f raneries ol the world, with a centre of
trade second to none. -AUUICULTURE
will continue to receive that
attention which it merits, at the hands of
very Intelligent Journalist. " Tht Farmer
ftt.deth, alt.
inn MARKETS will be watched carefully,
and tuch information as we shall be able to
compile will be published.
24 A X U F ACT U HERS are earnestly requested
to inform us with respect tt those various
interests, to the end that we may be able to
iaKe the Entekmusk as near an encyclo
piedU of the business of Oregon as can be.
Single Copy one year $3 00
" Six mouths 2 00
" Three months 1 uO
Five Copies. 1 year, $2 50 each $12 60
ST In which case an extra copy will be
sent to the person forming the Club, and as
art inducement to such persons, with a view
of extending onr circulation,
One Dollar and lecnty-Five Cents
Will be allowed as Commission on each addi
tional fire Subscribers. Thus any person
who will interest himself in the matter, may
secure the paper free and receive a liberal
compensation for his services.
Afi- Remittance to he made at the risk of
Subscribers, and at the erpense of Agents.
Transient advertisements, incli'mg nil
lutal notices. sq. of 12 ' Vne"3, i w . $ 1 50
For each subsequent ir-rj0n
1 00
One Column, one Vt-sr
iixif .;
Quarter .
liusiues, Card, I sqnare one year. .
.$120 00
. 60
. 40
. 12 .
,The Enterprise office is supplied with
Ibeauiiful. annroved styles of type, and mod'
rn MACHINE PRESSES, which will enable
the Proprietor to do Jb Punting at all times
Neat, Quirk and Ckeap !
&r Work solicited.
D.C.Illi'lf.ANB, Proprietor.
JR. F. 11 ARC LAY,
JfTJK aOL C2 3C9
(formerly frurgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
, OFFICE At Ucsidcuce, Main street Ore
jfrtrl City, Oiegon
SURGEON, PouTi.ixn, Orkgox.
OFFICE9S Front street Residence cor
ner of M-iu and Seventh stret-ts.
Savier, LaRoque & Co.,
5Keep conetantlv on hand ftn sale, flour
Midlinjrs, l?ran and Chicken Feed, Parties
fMirchmg feed mut furnisn tue sacas.
Contractor and Builder,
1- Will attend to all work in his line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
framing, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
attended t .
Succtttor to SMITH & MARSHALL,
Black-Smith and Wagon Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
M-niacksmithing in all its branches; Wag
on making and repairing. All work warrant
ed to give satisfaction.
91 First st., Portland,
Next Dotr to Post Office.
Importers and Jobbers of Staple and
Fancy Dry Goods, drain bags. Burlaps, furn
Ifhing tloods. , We pav the highest cash
price lor Wool. Furs, and Hides.
Wood and "Willow Ware.
Brushes, Twines, Cordage, etc.,
Brooms, Pails, Tubs, Washboards, fyc
215 217 Sacramento st., San Francisco.
113 Maiden Lane, N. Y. City.
Established since 1849, at the old stand.
Main Street, Oregon City, Oregon.
An Assortment of Watches. Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Uiocss. an oi wnicn are warranted
to be as represented.
Repainogs uone on snort notice.
und tbanktui tor pasnavcr.
City Drayman,
. All orders for the delivery of merchan
dise or packages and freight of whatever des
cription, to any part of the city, willbeexe
C'ted promptly and with care.
Jolui Nestor, Architect,
Front at., Portland Oregon.
Business Houses, Halls, Churches,
Tenements, Cottages, Suburban
Residences, and
Buildings Designed and Planned
With accuracy, and scrupulously and faith
fully nuperuitended. "Owners' interests
considered paramount.
eu St tue L.'lt-ui nioiuiiivn.
O1- FERRY, -
JBROKEE Poktlak p. Qkeqos, , tt
" ; 1 CW Front and IVazAington Sft,
Agent Nortfi British and Mercantile
Insurance Company, an! Marjhat
tan Life Insurance Compaby?
TOorernment Securities, Stock,Bonda
ana ivcai tsmie Dougbt and sold on Com
, .., ff Q. M'COWK.
;-;-.. - NoUry Public.
Oregon City, Oregon.
MOT Will attend o alf business entrusted to
onr care In any of the Courts of the Sjate,
Collet rt'eyNegotjate loans, seJi real eAate
etc. Particular attention given to contested
Land cases. , (
Ttfitclir; Bolpk 6f Smith,
"4 .
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc-
tors in A'lrniraltv
t3f Office o"r the old Post Office, Front
street, Portland, Oregon.
Notary Public and Com. if Deeds.
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
Portland, Orego.v.
OFFICE-Qn Alder street, in Carter's
brick block.
Justice of the Peace t City Recorder.
Office In the Court House and City
Council Room, Oregon City.
SST Will attend to the acknowledgment of
deeds, and all oilier duties appertaining to the
business of a Justice of the Peace.
" Dr. J, H. HATCH,
Late Mack 4 Hatch,
JJ IN 1 1 ST,
The patronage of tliose desiring Fimt Cms
Operation, is respectfully solicited.
Satisfaction in all cases guaranteed.
N. li. Nitron Oxyde adminiMfcd fov tue
Painless Extraction of Tcc-ih.
Orrics Corner ofVashington and Fron
streets, Portlan.. Entrance on Washington
During my 'our of two years
n the Eastern States I have
spared neither time nor
money to make mvse'f per
fectly tamtliar with and master of my pro
fession. Those desiring the best work that
the ntiture of the case will admit of can find
me at my office, 107 Front street, two doors
above Mccormick's Book Store, Portlaud,
HuccexKor to O radon - Co.,
Wagons & Carriages,
201 and 203 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
0C7 Wagons of every description
made to order. Genera -I Jobbing done
with neatness and dispatch.
Sunday School and Gift Books'.
tv and
Various oilier Publishing Houses I
For sale by the subscriber, on Jeflerson st.
between 2d and 3d, Portland, Origon.
G. II. ATKINSON, Secretary.
.'2.1 y and Treas. Orerou Tract So c
(Late Daly & Stevens,)
Officb No. 104 Front street, Portland,
Will give special attention to Collecting
and adjustment of accounts, bills and notes;
Negotiating Inland bills; effecting loans;
buying, selling and leasing real estate; house
renting, and to the geueral agency business
in all its branches.
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store. Main
Street. Oregon City.
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
ments, Head and Foot stones,
Salem Oregon.
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. i-Ti t
J.F, MILLKR. J. w. siiAlTLCk.
J. F. MILLER 8t Co.,
Hoots siimI SIiocs !
At the Oregon ' City Boot and Shoe
Store, Main street.
Of .Ladies', Gents', Boys', and Children's
Boots and Shoes, ou baud or made to order.
Having purchased the interest
of b. Cram, in the well known
One door west of Excelsior Market. Oresron
City, announce that they will at all times
keep good horses ard carriages to let, at
reasonable rates. Horses bought and sold
or kept by the day or week.
Oregon Seel Store !
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Garden and Field Seeds of all Kinds.
First street, Portland Ortgon,
Near the Western Hotel
Establishment of J. B. Miller
To iVo. 101 Front st., corner of Alder
Carters lew JSimding, I'artland,
In Chas. Woodard's Drug Store
fjj? Where he will be ready to attend to
all manner of workmanship in his line.
Watches and Jewelry repaired in ths most
t workuianjike manner. J. B. MILLER.
'bere is tb promise of my years j .
Once written on my brow t
Ere errors, agonies and tears
Brought with them all that speaks In tears,
Ere 1 had sunk beneath tny peers ;
."Where Bleeps thai promise now ?
Naught lingers to redeem those boars,
Still, still to my memory sweet I ,.-
The flowers bloomed in sonny bower
Arcwithered all ; and Evil towers '
Supreme above her slater powers
Of Sorrow and Deceit. ,
I looH along the eohtmned years, '
And see Ufe'a rafeh fatie, ' ;
J ust where It fell, amid the jeers, '
irft; zw:-r7rs.
ircnrnfnl Iiti! riinA mopL-tno- HnaM
m 7 V . , J: : 11 ' "
To break the sleep of pain.
I can but own my life is vain ;
A desert void of peace ;
I missed the goal I Bought to gain.
I missed the measure of the strain
That lull3 Fame's fever in the brain,
And bids earth's tumults cease.
Myself! alas for theme so poor ;
. A theme but rich in Fear ;
I stand a wreck on Error's shore,
A spectre not within the door,
A houseless shadow evermore,
An exile lingering here.
The night is the mother of the day,
The winter, of the spring ,
And ever upon old decay
The greenest mosses cling,
Behind the cloud the starlight lurks ;
Through showers the juabeams fall ;
For God, who loreth all his works,
Hath left us Hope with all.
Grown up people may or may not
be able to take care of themselves;
the judgement of the youth is seldom
competent to guide their steps into
the better path. The foundations of
those .governments which at e the aiost
propitious to men rest in the highest
appreciation of moral reason, and the
contiuuance of the stability and pros
perity of nations is commensurate
with the duration of an advanced
moral standard. This is particularly
true of our American institutions.
In truth the lessons of the last few
years oitght to teach us upon what
bisis to f'onnd our hopes for the per
petnity of the Republic. True rea-
son, and an unaverted- eye, measure I
men by their moral worth, and the
force of diameter by the impetus
which it gives to virtue and Christi
anity. The loftiest purpose that can
engage the soul, the noblest triumph
that the heart enn win. is to live a
virtuous and a Christian life.
Judging by thee premises, and we
think they arc correct, we have little
of auspicious hope with which to so
lace ourselves, for the generation that
must next succeed us in Oregon.
Some of us indeed, may live to wft-
ness many of the transactions, both
moral avid political, of the incoming
generation, but if that were the only
reason for a ftmher extension of life,
a hajf score of years might well be
dispensed with.
By the returns of the school census,
it appears thtt fully one fifth of those
who should be found at the reports
of instruction , are marked as absent.
When we correctly view this fact, as
well as the mode of life pursued by
those who have advanced to years of
manhood, yes, and to years of wo
manhood, we are not so greatly at a
loss to discover the true cause of so
much juvenile crime. It is a mistake
when the Superintendent reports 30
per centum of the youth of this city
as non attendants of the PublicSchool
many, fir too many, are in daily
attendance at the schools of vice and
debauchery. Too often is the atten
tion of the hasty reader arrested by
paragraphs that announce the arraign
ment of persons who have not attained
their majority, for the most immoral
and criminal offences. Young per
sons in Oregon, when not attending
places of proper instruction, are not
much accustomed to the pursuits that
gain an honest livelihood. Shoplift
ing, and the crime of larceny, is too
often fastened upon those who must
in the nature of things take part in
the future concerns of the community,
and who are still in their nonage.
And furthermore, in that class of crime
which eventually disturbs the moor
ings of all virtuous societv, the of
cers of the law are too often called
upon to look with alarm and solicitude
at the youtbfulness of the criminals.
The fondhearted parent will look
with increased devotion of soul upon
a deformed child, and love it the more
for its deformity; but when it ia pos
sessed with all the natural accom
plishments, can he look with a sense
of pleasure upon its deformed and
wretched morality? We woald not
wound ths generous feelings of any,
bnt if. we, would have oar children to
take care of, U8, when tre are in the
sear'aod yellow leaf, We had bet
ter take care of them while ihej are In
the bud. .. " ' J ,.....7.
Upon this subject the Sacramento
liicord has the following which we
wish oar readers to carefully perase,
uot regarding it as a batch of words
produced by some penny -a liner as a
means of subsistence, bat as being an
article more precious than gold.
The Reord says:
1 No one who feels an interest itl the
present or - future prosperity: of our
ComWon Wealth can fail to feel a deep
interest Jr the proper train nir of oaf
T?r 1 T V"i rk t Via A7ttirk o 3 i fa Tr u a
: . .. . v
teMpotjo?smct pair,
oUc heart beat high vri
gh with noble emo
lion for the safety of oar blood-purchased
liberties. War is not at all
times calculated to weaken a Govern
ment of any stability, but often makes
it more powerful from the fact of
bringing out its latent energies. Our
country has passed through an ordeal
of immense trial of strength and that
too by our young men. It then be"
comes us as a people, in State and
Nation, to look well to the proper
training of our youth, for in preserv
ing the Nation in the futnre as in the
past, we must depend upon an educa
ted, virtuous and strong armed youth
as being those only who can combat
the country's enemies. We appeal to
parents to see that our youth of boih
sexes are properly trained in morals,
and that a good common school edu
cation at least be given them. Pa
rents appear to think that they neith
er oe an obligation to the State or
the United States in training up their
children. As we wander through our
Greets from day to day we feel heart
ily sorry to see dozens of the youth
who are allowed to lounge around
the dens that abound in this city.
Some parents say: "I cannot control
my son; he does as he has a mind to
and I am not responsible for his acts."
To such parents we will say that'yw
and you alone, are responsible to Godt
to your country and to your fellow
men. It is your right and bonnden
duty to see to it that your children
obey your commands; but you will
tuifle with them, let them have their
own way until they become the mas
trs and yon the servants. This is
all wrong, aud will sooner or later
disgrace you. A strict and riirid dis
cipline should be enforced while very
young, and followed up at least to
that time when your sons nnd daugh
ters Income of azc which in our verv
fast nge take3 place at from trii to
twelvp A t tllp !hnv nnrind nf limp
vnp sons hav ,)fin flfll.lltfiri hnw . '
profane the name of God Almighty
in the most approved modern style;
they have learned how to puff a cig ir
and to stpirt tobacco juice almost
any distance with the greatest preci
sion. They have formed theacqunin
tance of most if not all the courier
zans in the city, are versed in all the
low vulgarisms which obscene and vul
gar associations have brought them
in contact with. They have commit
ted to their memories the devils
commandment, which reads: " Chil
dren disobey your parents in all
things, respect not their gray hairs,
and bring them with sorrow to their
graves for in so doing you will endear
yourselves to that portion of the com
munity who have no fear of a here
after, and whose chief ambition is to
destroy the good and great." At
the above age they have been educa
ted in the system of guzzling down
cock-tails, brandy and whisky straight
and lager be r spiced. Thoy cannot
write their nams, although an excel
lent system of common schools offer
them one of the best opportunities to
become men of education. They are
opposed to their resent positions,
and would, if their age would allow
it, become prominent candidates for
office. The " female women " of ten
years of age could not wash a pocket
handkerchief, or the dishes on which
they have eaten their breakfast.
They rniyrht chatter French and mur
der Spanish, but could not cook a
meal. A large waterfall would be
come them in the eyes of their mam
mas, but they couid not sew a button
on their husbands' shirts, nor hem a
pocket handkerchief, and yet they
seek to be wives and mothers. Whose
fault is it, that such girls are pnt
forth on the world to raise men for
the future protection of the country?
It is the silly action of their mothers,
who bring up such children so assume
the responsible position of mothers of
our commonwealth. We would hke
to see fathers and mothers pause and
think of the awful responsibility they
are under to God, our country and
our fellow men.
A lady correspondent of a me
tropolitan journal in a good sensible
letter, among other things, says the
following :
Oh, that we might have " City
Mothers f and, oh, that were one
of them, would not I pass a dog ordi
nance quickly 1 No dog would I
allow upon the sidewalks or streets ;
and every man who would persist in
keeping one should be fiued one hun
dred dollars, and be compelled to lay
Bixty feet of good pavement at his
own expense. And any woman seen
upon the streets, with her baby in a
cart, and a sore-eyed poodle ia her
arms, should pay a fine of fifty dol"
lars, and be sent to the calaboose for
twenty-four hours.
A splendid' show case for sale
cheap Apply at this office.
Washaxoto Ckrt,' 01
. Dee. 0tb,1868. )
. Enterfkisc r , ' 7
Since my last letter to yo I ha
made a four mouths .tear of .Europe.
I think I hare read in your paper
that you ' hate, Qotoati Forney's
"Letters from Europe," published
by Peterson Bros, of Philadelphia.
If you have it not get a copy j and
by advising your readers to gat it
you will be doing them and yourself
a 6ervic. I endorsa Forney's letter,
and they are much better than I
could write for yourcolumlji, if
I had tiise, and yon the fbacr for
them. .....tI .... w s vMiU,
I will give yoo -feW leaves Artm
my memorandams, however, penned
when I was inthat most interestmg
region of the Rhine, between Mayence
and Cologne.
Through the whole of this region
the mountains on each side rise from
near the river so that the towns are
confined to the narrow spaces at the
foot; the ruined castles are very nu
merous, the early history of each is
preserved in romantie legends. The
first mountain we ascended was the
Drachenfels the highest peak of the
group known as the " seven moun
tains." It rises almost perpendicu
larly from the banks of the river a
thousand feet, making a magnificent
view. The course of the river is here
to be seen for some thirty miles each
way, with many towns and cities.
At the foot lies the valley like a
map, with its many colored fields.
At the top is a mined castle, of
which but little remains. The next
height we ascended was a short dis
tance below Bingen. Here is situat
ed a castle once ruined, now restored
by a Prussian Priuce. It is intend
ed to represent the residence of a
Knight four hundred years ago, with
a collection of ornaments and furni
ture of that date. From Bingen we
ascended the picturesque valley of
the Nabe into a region little frequent
ed by tourists. Here we found -a
little town with only one street, there
being room for one more, with a
church literally built in the rock
hundreds of feet above the town.
At Manheim, we found the first reg
ularly built town we have seen in
Europe ; it seemed almost as though
we had suddenly been transported
home, as we looked at streets cross
tug each other at riht angels.
While at Bingen, I saw a practical
illustration of the manner in which
Germans work. In the course of an
evening walk on the mountain side,
I came upon a man sitting quietly at
the road side smoking his pipe and
watching a pair of cows yoked to a
wagon half loaded with hay ; looking
dovu I discovered two women climb
ing np a steep path, each with an
immense bundle of hay on her head,
which they deposited in the wagon.
In the towns I find that the dogs are
harnessed and used to draw loads.
Indeed, from what I have seen, I
conclude that the women, cows and
doo-s, three classes that in America
do little or no work, here do it all,
while the men perform the arduous
duty of carrying a sword or musket
and smoking a pipe.
The tendency to swindle Ameri
cans of which much has been said,
certainly exists. Many errors oc
curred in making bills and in giving
chano-e. never in favor of the traveler.
To one who keeps an even temper,
it is simply amusing. An incident
of this character occurred in August,
that is, perhaps, worth relating. A
party went by rail and diligence to
Schwetzingen where a park has been
laid out by a German prince a very
beautiful place, with immense old
trees, fine statuary, fountains, ponds,
&c., upon alighting from the dili
gence we made particular inquiry as
to time of its return, and were in
formed at quarter to six. We com
pared watches and proceeded to the
park. Returning at the exact min
ute we found the diligence had left
at 5:40, its card time. The wrong
information was given to force us to
employ the diligence agent to convey
ns at a charge of four or five times
as much as the fare. Tie didn't suc
ceed. We found an old man with an
old two horse carriage to which he
attached an old horse, who took nine
of ns to the railroad on time.
Before leaving Prussia I will re
peat an anecdote of the Crown
Princess. It is said that soon after
her marriage she directed a dress
maker to come to her apartments
Upon her arrival, the Princess in a
friendly manner aiked her to be
seated. The yonng worjjan having
oerer been in the presence of royalty,
was much embarrassed and hesitated.
The Princess again spoke kindly and
familiarly lo .re-assare . her, at the
same time moved a chair toward her
and. bad her be sealed. One of the
ladies of the Coart, horrified at see
ing a Princess thns waiting npon a
common person, remonstra(ed. To
thla the Princess replied, " I have of
ten seen my mother do the same,
and she is Queen of England.'
I was indeed glad to get back to
America, and witness the go ahead
customs of oar : 6wn peoplef so
strikingly lof contrast to the habits
of the 4wellers-of the Old World.
They re centuries behind America
io eterything.' And yet -America is
but of one century. ,. . :? :
While in New York City week
before last one day, I heard it stated
that Rev. Dr. Atkinson would ad
dress the Chamber of Commerce
upon Oregon, and the northwest
coast. I attended, and was highly
pleased with his remarks. They
have had a good effect I am sure.
Men of influence and the highest
standing, in this country, have had
their attention directed to Oregon by
the ardent impulses and deep devo
tion of this Reverend gentleman. He
is not a politician, and from this fact,
his efforts are the better appreciated.
Congress is in session. Your
State is down low in the scale 1 can
assure you. The demands of your
legislature to have your Senators re
sign, they being considered two of the
very best men in Congress, has had
a very bad effect upon members and
Senators. The natural disposition
of mankind is such that if I call you
a " d d pup'' you would not willing
ly grant me a favor for it. Would
you 1 Well, that is about the way
Congress regards the Oregon Legis
lature. Testerday, as if to " cap the
climax," the President of the Senate
presented . a communication from
your Governor, transmitting a reso
lution of your blessed Democracy,
rescinding, or pretending to rescind,
the action of Oregon in ratification of
the constitutioal amendment. The
most striking feature of these things
is found in the fact that at about the
same hour speaker Colfax laid before
the House numerous memorials from
the same Oregon Legislature, asking
favors of Congress. Can comment
npon such subjects be necessary ? I
think not.
There is one very important Rail
road bill np, granting some millions
of snbsidy to Oregon interest, which,
if it fails to pass may in part be at
tributed to your own State Legisla
ture. Aid for a line of railroad in
contemplation from Charleston, South
Carolina, to Lake Erie, in my esti
mation, stands a better prospect than
the Oregon bill. The course which
your State has taken also has an in
fluence to invite ex-rebels there.
They love to emigrate to a Demo
cratic State, and such is now the rep
utation Oregon has, all over the
world. Yours Truly.
Napoleon, undeterred by the
historical fact that Charles X. and
Louis Philippe precipitated their
downfall and exile by persecution of
the Parisian journals, has brought
the editors and proprietors of several
papers before the correctional tribu
nal of the Seine. They have sever
ally been convicted, and sentenced to
imprisonment and fine. Their crime
was that they published lists of sob
subcriptions for erecting a monument
in the Cemetery of Montmartre to
the memory of M. Baudin, represen
tative of the peopla in ld51. This
is considered (at the Tuileries) as an
offence against the Empire and against
public order. Public sympathy is
warmly expressed in favor of the
journalists. There is a general im
pression, among all but the decided
imperialists in Paris, that Napoleon
is 4 losing his head." Certainly, the
older he is the less prudent and wise
are bis actions.
The effect of earthquakes on wa
ter is very singular. It would be
presumed by persons without experi
ence that a movement of the earth's
surface sufficient to throw all the
water oat of a wash-bowl would be
sufficient to knock down a brick
house ; but'bowls ia brick houses
have often been emptied and the
buildings were not injured. In the
earthquake of 1857, the water was
thrown oat of the beds ot the Mo
kelamne and Santa Clara rivers, and
out of a well at Santa Barbara, the
surface of the water in which was
foar feet below the snrface. Kern
river eveo ran up stream for a short
Some time since the directors of
the Oregon. State Agricultural As-'
sociation appointed the President of
the Association, Mr." At J.'Dafur,
chairman of a committee whose duty
it should be to collect from the most
reliable sources statistical aud- geo-
graphical informatiou of the iMttaral 'f
aed, artificial resources of the State
of Oregon. That committee-, has
commenced its labors, and Mr. Dufur
baa given the Commercial th;e first of
a series of Communications, jn;;wbkb,
when, eoocludad, . will le ,fondt "a
truthful deseripticKVof the. surface, soil
and climate, and the agricultural and
commercial advantages of t he "Slate
of Oregon. 'No "pains wil bts spared;
to collect facts and figures, and to
this end the leading men of each
county in the State have been ad
dressed and requested to furnish a
statement of the resources aud the
natural advantages which' their county
holds oat to the settler.
Some idea of the value of such a
series of papers may be gathered
from the one which appears below to
day. The county of Clatsop, coming
first on the list, is shown to contain a
much larger proportion of arable
land than the majority of even our
citizens supposed ; beautiful valleys,
a delightful climate and fruitful soil
lie shut in from the view of the trav
eler on the public thoroughfare, the
Columbia. Its capacity for stock
raising has also been much underrat
ed. Our entire State can be made to
blossom and bloom like the rose,
under the sturdy and honest hand of
the farmer, thus increasing our
wealth, increasing our popalation,and
our political power in the councils of
the nation. When the series of pro
posed letters shall have been com
pleted it is the order of the Society
that they be published in pamphlet
form, when they will be scattered as
far and wide as the resources of the
association will permit.
We bespeak for Mr. Dufur's com
munications the careful perusal of all,
both citizen and stranger, and, can
assure them that the information thus
dessecuiuated will be cotrecaud re
liable. " f
curt own 0REG0-10. 1.
Agricultural and Geogi ophical Stat'S
tics, by A. J. Da fur.
Clatsop County This county is
located in the northwest part of tins
State, its entire western border being
washed by the Pacific Ocean, wiii'e
its northern boundary is the Colum
bia River, making it easy of access
by water, and well adapted to trade
and commerce.
Astoria, the shiretown of this
county, is located on the Columbia
river, above twelve miles front its
mouth; and is the great business
point in this connty, and a plice
where the immigrant or settler can
obtain all kinds of supplies necessary
for an outfit with which to commence
life in a new country. Astoria has
a fine harbor, capable of accommo
dating ocean steamers of the largest
size, and sailing vessels of the heaviest
tonnage from any part of the world.
The improvements made by Gov
ernment at Point Adams and Cape
Disappointment, near the mouth of
the Columbia river, for lighthouse,
forts, etc., have a'ready amounted to
several hundred thousand dollars, nnd
the demand for supplies on Govern
ment works in this vicinity, together
with the necessary outfit of fresh
provisions for sailing vessels, ocean
steamers, etc., make a ready market
for all kinds of farm productions at
remunerative prices.
There are also valuable and exten
sive salmon fisheries in this vicinity,
employing a capital of two or three
hundred thousand dollars, and in
creasing in importance every year ;
in fact, this branch of industry, when
fully developed, bids fair to richly re
ward any who may invest capital in
the business, and will doubtless be
a resource of great wealth to this
As you approach this part of the
State by water, the face of the coun
try has a rough and forbiding appear
ance. A range of high hills and
bluffs along the river come almost
down to the waters' edge in many
places, while lofty peaks of the Coast
Range Mountains greet the eye of
weary immigrant from an ocean
Pursuing the most frequent route
of travel, the immigrant too often
passes lovely and fertile valleys, capa
ble of making homes fur thousands of
the weary and landless operatives in
the over-crowded eities and manufac
turing towns of the older States, and
after a hasty search of a few weeks,
or at longest, of a few months, re
turns home discouraged and dis
heartened, abandons all bis former
hopes of independence and a happy
home of his own (which, in fact,
were almost within his grasp, and re
quired only a few hours walk and a
few years work in some of the unoc
copied valleys of Oregon to be reabz
ed), and contents himself to labor the
remainder of bis days, for a bare sub
eistance, lo add to the already over-
fi-iisg coffers cf laud monopoly euJ ,
monied aristocracy of the dd-'WtftTd,,
- 5 The soil of this county - along ititf
creek and .1 iver bottoms, and through:
the swajls and .valleys;, is a .'rich alv
luvtal deposit, nd well adapted to
the growt b-ef grs, graimad Vge
tabW of all kinds. ' "
Apples, pears, quinces,5 plri'rns
cherries, grapes, I and HbeV-difrVbt
varieties of small fruits." 00" extraof-
dinkry well' where ' cultivated, and
also'the-proch w hn- planter! hr: lo
calities sheltmd from the sea breeze
The climate is mild .and .healthy.
f the thermometer seldom rising' abovd
seventy-fire degrees ta, sunimer..7or
falling below fifteeu degrees' Freribliti
in winler jA , delightful ; settf breeze
in summer makes'this county the Te-
Psort!of the invalid' in'searph of healttt
from many parts f the Statefever
and agnetbeiug unknowrflfi this lo-"
cal'tp ..... 4 -....j, "7 .
' The water'is pore and soft, jbern :
supplied in abmulanee from creeks,
springs and brooks from the adjoin
ing hills and mountains. A recent
survey of the interior of this county,
made by Gen. Joel Palmer, shows
that there are thousands of acres of
excellent larrdj in the valley cf the
Nehaletn river and along its tributes
ries ; also, along the branches of
Young's river and other smaller
streams, emptying into Young's Bav.
Extensive tracts of thi land are still
unoccupied, -not having yet been
claimed or even surveyed, and onlv
waits the magic tench of industry to-convt-rt
its rich soil into fruitful fields
and happy horas.
Tiie timber in this counfy is a mine
of wealth to the enterprising lumber
man, being composed of the different
varieties of fir, cedar, spruce, hem
lock, ash, maple aud alder ; and when
converted into the different k'nds of
lumber, and hauled or floated to tide
water, on Young's river or bay, ean
be shipped in sailing vessels to any
part of the world.
jr. good system of common school
education is established in this county,
together with churches for religious
worship, wherever settlement of any
importance have been made. Irt
fact, this coun'y lv-lds out good in
ducements to the industrious, inttl
liyent, persevering, laboring man in
whatever branch of industry he may
wish to engage, combining a mild
and healthful climate, with fertile
valleys, pnre water, broad and
tensive tracts of timber of the most
useful kinds for lumbering purpose,
numerous exceilVn.. water-power,
with advantages tor comnereinl in
tercourse with the whole world.
There are three or fonr laTibr
mills, with a comliinpd capital of
two or three hnnrirad thewrrnd dol
lars, doing a profitable and flourish
ing business, manufacturing and ex?
porting lumber to snpply the increas
ing demand of foreign markets.
Coal and iron ore are known to
exist in this region, but the mines
have not yet been fnlly dvelop-d.
The avcrago price of farm Pud,
partly improved, is frora two to five
dollars per ncre, vlsi!e Go'ver m-nt
land of go d quality, 'an 1 in f-ufficieut
quantities for flourishing settlement',
can still be obtained.
John Q, Ad.ims of Massachusetts,
in the course of his visit to the
Soath, just before the late election
told the Southern people a few
wholesome truths. Coming frorrj a
Democrat, we trust tley will con
sider them well. He told the rebels
that the North regarded four points
as having been established by the re
sult of the war beyond all further
controversey, and that they would
not sufK-r any one of these points to
be overruled or di-tnrbed. They
were, (1) that sece.-sion is imposu-i
hie : (2) that sdavery can never ex
ist in this country ; (3) that the en
franchised slaves m jst be protected
in all their rights, and must have th
political power to protect themselves;?
(4) that absolute freedom of travel,
of residence, and of speech, must bt
guaranteed to every citizen of the
United States. Whenever the rebels
bring themselves to a full acquies
cence in these position, a pew era of
prosperity and happiness will dawnQ
upon them
The Emperor, at the usual New
Y'ear's reception of the diplomatic
corps, replying to the address of the
Representatives cf fore'gn Powers,
said he realized with much pleasure
the conciliatory aspect among Euro
pean Governments which enables
them to quiet animo.-.ity and to sootho
international difficulties as fast as
tbey arise, thus insuring continual
peace. He confidently hoped the
year 1SG9 would close as satisfacto
rily as the year which had just clos
ed, and that the course of events may
dissipate unfavorable apprehension
and consolidate the peace so neces- 1
sary to the welfare and progress of
the civilized nations and people.
The Helena Herald says a lady 0
friend of ours, who has suffered mnch "
with sick headache, says she finds
relief in the following simple pre
scription : Two teaspoons ful of finely
powdered charcoal in half a tumbler
of water. It ceres :t ic fiftn c!n