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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (July 10, 1894)
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M Ifefte Miisite
THE DALLES, OREGON, TUESDAY JULY 10, 1894.
'one volley is fired
But That fas Enou-rw enty "Kfllef
MARTIAL LAW IS PROCLAIMED
Regulars Have a Battle With a Mob of
Two Thousand at Hammond,
The President's Determined Action.
Washington, Jnly 8. Just before
midnight President Cleveland issued the
following proclamation :
Whereas, By reason of unlawful ob
structions, combinations and assemb
lages of persons it has become impracti
cable, in the judgement of the president,
to enforce, by the ordinary course of
judicial proceedings, .the laws of the
United States withintbe stale of Illinois
and the city of Chicago within said state ;
Whereas ; For the purpose of enforc
ing the faithful execution of the laws of
United States and protecting its prop
erty and removing obstructions to the
United States in the state and city afore
said, the president has employed a part
of the military forces of the United
Now, therefore, I, Grover Cleveland,
president of the United States, do here
by admonish all good- citizens and all
persons, who may be or may come with
in, the city and state aforesaid, against
aiding, countenancing, encouraging or
' taking any part in such unlawful ob
structions, combinations and assem
blages ; and I do hereby w,arn all per
sons engaging in or in any way con
nected with such unlawful obstructions,
combinations and assemblages to dis
perse and retire peaceably to their re
spective abodes on or before 12 o'clock
noon, on the 7th day of July, instant.
Those who disregard this warning and
persist in taking part with riotdus mobs
in forcibly resisting and obstructing the
execution of the laws of the - United
- States, or with interfering with the
functions of the government, or destroy
ing or attempting to destroy the prop
erty belonging to the United States, or
under rts protection, 'cannot be regarded
otherwise than as public enemies.
Troops employed against Euch riotous
mob will act with all moderation and
forebearance consistent with the accom
plishment of the desired end, but the
necessities that confront them will not
with certainty permit discrimination be
tween guilty participants and those who
are mingled with them froiq curiosity
and without criminal intent. The only
safe course, therefore, for those not ac
tually unlawfully participating is to
' abide at their homes, or at least not to
be found in the neighborhood of riotous
assemblages. While there will be no
hesitation or vacillation in the decisive
treatment of the guilty, this warning is
especially intended to protect and save
the innocent. In testimony whereof, I
hereunto set my. hand and cause the
seal of the United States to be hereto
affixed. Done at the city of Washington,
this 8th day of July, in the year of our
Lord, 1894, and of the Independance of
the United States of Aineru-a the 118th.
The proclamation practically declaring
martial law in the city of Chicago was
decided upon after a full disscuseion in
the cabinet meeting. This is the action
which General Miles desired from the be-'
ginning, as it will give him ample au
thority in the city.
The following sent from the war de
- partment to General Miles this evening,
serves in a measure to interpret the in
tention of the president's action :
"In view of the provision of the stat
utes and for the purpose of giving ample
warning to all innocent and well dis
posed persons, the president has deemed
it best to issue the following procluma
matjpn today. This does not' Change
the' scope of your authority. You will
make this known by Mayor Hopkins."
The Fight at Chicago Saturday.
Chicago, July 7. The regulars have
.- opened fire at last and twenty men at
least have gone down before them.
" There is no telling how many are wound
ed. ' A flijht occurred on 'the tracks of
the Chicago & Western Indiana road, at
Forty-seventh and Loom is streets. - The
mob attacked the troops and the latter
Highest of all in Leavening Power.
at once replied to the assault with a
volley. A train is now bringing in the
wounded to the city.
4 :05-p. m. The cause of the fight was
an attack on a wrecking train made by
the mob. Western Indiana workmen
had partially succeeded in clearing away
the obstruction when the mob drove
them away. A company of regulars
were close at hand, and word was sent
tbem for aid. The regulars responded
on tbe run, and in a few minutes were
confronting the mob. The rioters were
ordered to move back or they would be
fired upon. They refused to move on or
disperse, and the order to fire was given.
Only one volley was fired. The number
killed is variously estimated at from 20
to 3D, and the number wounded as many
more. As soon as the news of the shoot
ing reached the army headquarters, ad
ditional troops were hurried out to lend
assistance, and a dozen patrol wagons
loaded with police officers were hurried
to the scene, but before their arrival tbe
fight was over, and the mob, which fled
like sheep at the first shot, was com
pletely routed. In a short time the in
jured men were picked up by soldiers
and members of the wrecking crew and
taken up on a train which started for
tbe city at a rapid rate.
Serious Fight With Regulars.
Chicago, July 8. The rioting at
Hammond, Ind., culminated this after
noon in a conflict between the mob and
company B Fifteenth infantry, in which
Charles Fleischman was killed, one man
fatally wounded'' and another shot
through both legs. A number of people
were slightly injured, but were carried
away by friends and secreted, so that it
will be impossible to learn the exact
number wounded. The trouble began
last night. The rioters kept their work
up all night, burning cars and disabling
engines. This morning they burned a
Pullman car. Most of this work was
done inside the Illinois state line," and
as soon as the Illinois state militia ar-
rived on the scene, the men jeered at
the troops. At 9 o'clock this morning a
crowd gathered at the union' depot.
Several freight cars were overturned and
the Michigan Central tracks blocked.
Tbe sheriff and his deputies were power
less to restrain the mob, and as there
was no hope of the Indiana militia ariv
ing nntil late, an appeal was made to
the federal authorities in Chicago.
Company B, of the Fifth infantry, was1
sent out at once. Its presence quieted
things for awhile, and the blockade on
the tracks was finally raised at 1 o'clock
in tbe afternoon, and several trains
pulled through. ,
This seemed to anger the mob, and
with an increase in numbers its passions
grew to a frenzy. The regulars were
greeted with oaths and shouts of de
rision, and volleys of sticks and stones
were showered upon . them. The men
stood their ground, however, and kept
the mob for several hours from ap
proaching the buildings. By 3 o'clock
fully 5,000- rioters 'were, assembled.
They had been aroused by their leaders
to a frenzy that made an encounter with
the soldiers certain.- Several times they
rushed upon the company of troops, but
were met with fixed bayonets and driven
back. At last, however, the entire body
of strikers made a determined rush to
ward tbe depot.
"Make ready, fire," was the command,
and the 30 Springfields rang out in re
sponse.' A second volley quickly followed the
surging crowd. The first volley stagg
ered them, and the second stopped tbem
as effectually as if they had run : against
a stone wall. Several men were seen to"
fall, but were ffijrtaway by tbeirom
rades, and the exjten.t of their injuries
could not be learned. Fleishman fell in
the front rank of the strikers. He was
taken to the hospital where he died in a
little while. In the rugh which followed,
scores .of woman and children were
trampled under foot and a -half a dozen
women fainted on the tracks at the
Russell-street crossing. .
The news of tho killing spread with
remarkable, rapidity, . and 10 minutes
afterward the street in the vicinity was
filled with a threatening inob. Major
Hartz left his company for a few min
utes to assist the firemen and doctors in
placing a man in the patrol wagon, and
was surrounded by a crowd. "Kill him'
"shoot him" down," were the cries of
the several excited -men, as the. mob
surged around the major. 'Hartz, how
ever, did not pay any attention to them,
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and was not molested. Tbe excitement
by -his time was intense. Men ran from
house to house borrowing shotguns,
rifles and other firearms. . "To arms,"
was the cry heard on every side, and
fully 3,000 people responded- Matters
looked so threatening that a call was
sent to Chicago for reinforcements, and
two more companies were sent out on a
special train. -These additional troops
were etaiioned at the scene of the
trouble, and effectually cowed the riot
ers for the time being. Major Hartz ar
rested four of the leaders of the mob and
took them to Chicago with a detachment
of troops. While the train was pulling
out of the city, a crowd gathered and
stoned it, but qnickly disperseed on the
approach' of a company of infantry.
THE STATES TO ACT JOINTLY.
Tonight Governor Altgeld granted
permission to the Indiana troops to
come into Illinois and wired for the I1J
linois state troops to co-operate with
the Indiana soldiers to suppress the dis
Lighting is getting to be a little too
prevalent in this section to be comforta
ble. Last Sunday afternoon a thunder
shower came np and about three o'clock
the lightening struck tbe new school
building at this place. It first bit the
belfry, tearing off most of the trimming
and shattering it badly, then passed
down through the roof, tore off a lot of
ceiling and rustic just above the front
doors, smashed tbe transom, split the
two large doors into splinters, and then
passed down through the floor out of
sight. Large pieces of boards were
afterwards found fifty yards away. The
damage will amount to $50 or $75. It
is but ft short time ago that the light
ning struck Mrs. Qlisan, and killed a
horse belonging to Boyd Ashby. An
telope Herald. ' . . '
--A Mob at Dsn Till e Charged.
Danville, III., Jnly 8. Sixty empty'
box cars owned by the Big Four 'and
Chicago & Eastern Illinois roads were
burned here this evening. Early in the
day a mob seized a Wabash engine and
refused to- disperse at the sheriff's
command. A. company of . military
charged the mob, several persons being
badly hurt by bayonets.
S Train Can Pass.
East Chicago, Ind., Julv 8. Un
known miscreants set fire to and under
mined one Of the' piers of tbe railroad
bridge over the drainage canal, just'
south of the city; . The bridge is now
impassable, and no Wabash or Fort
Wayne trains can pass until the repairs
Bridge Bornea at St. Paul.
St- Paul, July 8. At 2 o'clock this
morning the Chicago Great Western
bridge between here and West St. Paul
was burned. All stockyard traffic on
the road will be stopped for the present.
Tbe fire was incendiary. The police are
confident of their knowledge ot the per
petrators. - - -- ' .'....
A. Ilattle Expected . .-
Poktland; July 10. Special, 10 "a.
m. The president has proclaimed mar
tial law in Illinois,' Indiana, California
and Idaho.' The strikers in Sacramento
have 1600 rifles. : U. S. troops . have
been been ordered there at once, and a
bloody battle is anticipated.
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