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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (June 2, 1894)
MAKES ITSELF FELT
the great, griping, old-fashioned
pill. Not only when
you take it, but unpleasant,
from first to last, and it only
does' a little temporary good.
The things to take its place
are Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pel
lets. One of these at a dose
will regulate the whole system
perfectly.' They're tiny, sugar
coated granules, scarcely
; larger than mustard seeds.
They act in Nature's own
way. No reaction afterward.
Their help lasts and they do
.permanent good. Constipa
tion, Indigestion, Bilious At
tacks, Sick or Bilious Head
aches, and all derangements
of the liver, stomach, and
bowels are prevented, re
lieved, and cured. v
They're the cheapest, for
they're guaranteed to give
satisfaction or money is re
turned. Nothing can be "just
as good." v
and all the train of vrfla
from early error or ltr
aouM, t&e tnnlu of
derslopinaoc and. ton
(Inn (oarer? organ and
portion of tha body.
sen. Failure ImpOMiblft.
1.0U) references. Book,
explanation and proofs
mailed (pealed) tree.
ERIE MEDICAL CO.
BUFFALO. N. Y.
1 PLASTER, LATH.
Shafting, Pulleys, Belting,
. Engine and Boiler,
call and sex
"The Regulator Line
Tie Mes, Portlani asi A&tBria
Navigation Co. .
Freigfit ana PEssenper Llae
Through Daily Trips (Sundays ex
cepted) between The Dalles and Fort
land. Steamer Regulator leaves The
Dalles at 7 a.m., connecting at the Cas
cade Locks with Steamer Dalles City.
Steamer Dalles City leaves Portland
(Yamhill st. dock) at 6 a. m.t connect
ing with Steamer Regulator for The
. .. 3.00
Freight Rates Greatly Reduced.
All freight, ' except car lots,
will be brought through, with
out delay at Cascades. , j
. Shipments for Portland received at '
any time day or night. Shipments for j
way landings must be delivered before
p. to. iave stock shipments solicted.
Gall on or address,
W. C ALLAWAY.
B, F. LAUGHLIN,
' ttoaoral Manaser. . '
THE NAMES OF COINS.
Derivation and significance, of the
Various Terms. .
InteresHns Facta Concerning iho Mone
tary Standards or the IM.Terent Na
tions Where tUe American
. Dollar Got Its Jfanjo.
The florin, one of the most famous of
modern coins, orijyiriatcd in' Florence,
says the New York Home Journal.
Some say that it fravc the name to the
city, while others assert that it was
first so called because it had on it a
flcnr-cle-lis, from the Italian florone, or
'fiowcr," for the -same reason, that an
English silver pieee is called a "erovri,V
or certain gold pieces La France indiffer
ently a 'Napoleon" or a "Ixruis," or the
ten 1 dollar gold piece in- America an
"eagle." ' ' ,
. For several hundred years, and down
to a comparatively recent date, money
was coined at from twenty-five to thirty
different cities in France that had in
herited thu privilege. Now all French
money is coined at the Paris mint. Few
French gold pieces are. however, in cir
culation except those bearing1 the head
of Napoleon III., and silver pieces of
the :;;irue coinage ::ve almost as com
mon. French silver coins wear admira
bly, and pieces of - the reign of Charles
X.. Louis XVI IT. ail Xapoleon I. are
standard eoi-.is on the continent
arc: In France. tl-.i: franc; in Spain, the
peseta; in Italy, Vise lira; in Holland and
Austria, the j'or-ii; in Germany t the
marie; in Itussia. the ruble..
Uclgir.m an;! Sv. it w-rland use the
French name or the -pieee of twenty
sou;;. Kach-f t!vso pieces is, like the
American dolhir. divided into one hun
dred parts, i-i-.Uoil kopec!; ia Russia,
pfentiig in Germany, Icrvntzor. in Aus
tria.eent in Holland. -a ml in Italy, France
and-Spain by the word meawrfig hun
dredth. The word shilliiifr is of Iernian deri
vation, like penny, which comes from
the licrinaa "pfennig,"' .'ihe word
"crown" ecuics fn.iri the imp.ge placed
on the coin. The name' franc Was given
by. King-John, wl.s (in ;, oiined these
pieces i;i "l '!vy lre motto
T-eKoi Fi-ar.k" (Kiiur of t!i Franks),
and were of two 'kinds, one represent
big Uv kinrr vn 1 r -..'.)&. .. i other
on f nt. The' fr:- v. as f vr.i ry also
calledt Hvre (y!.-ijl). tl; v.';-ir connec
tion v. i'..'; ;n: . ;v iveight is riot evi
der.i.. l iie i:ur.iv- oi Liie (ieriuan coin,
miirk. ' uie:u:!!i?r a .' weiglit of eight
ou:i -;. v.-. f v:.i v y :. ge:!e'r:;l use in
Europe. ' . '.':: p ' f i'lr K:i!i:ui coin
that c-.rr;-: ): srsiis v. iU liie fr:i:j-.r (lira)
also v.v lit-- p The cuiiri in pres
ent n .e s x !..'. -.i.i ''-,:vc their i.atdcs from
ot'"T. n :vr - 'i 'A -; v.i ta niece,
v.Ii' ;i .!: )!?..; . l;!i t.'e American
dol'-ar. r; i ;.. i 't !. 'li.S.t!- '"l'ese
ta." ?!.' !::':-. - f u- i i.mll miu rep-r;-Si":it;r.
:-i me.ury s'cnndanl,
ni.v:n;i n'ii:i'"v. "'.i.;-;- jii'cv-."" -1 J able"
is IiJ-i.i i!i.' w.r 1 ' i?ie:;ii:ag ""t cut,"
aml..v-;w : ' ;.!!; I N":us:; originally
the o iri - : w.ii-.'.u .ir.'i au ornamental
l'V-.v :-s h;i v.'ever trt'n'.t.'.l them
scWci t i iiiiii: ; the i'v:iv:;li-ii 4f the
word di i'.u:-. It is Jr.. i,i the lerinan
thal (val.'cy) tame in'.o use this
way av.irt tl.vee hundred years ago.
There i:; a liltie : liver miaiivj: eity or
district In northern !ii 'hi m a called
Joa himr.t'.iu!.. or Jo::, l.im s v:iiiey. The
reir;;:T." V."Ire of tlu- rvgion antliorized
this i'.y in i hi- -. i:.tet-i'.t !i century to
L-oi: a -..ilvor pii-.-e U v. u: called
"tJo;.- hiiiii'.ui 'rr." The won! Joachim"
v:;;;; : --v.i i1.?-. j'red. :uj'd- t'.ie name
"tJii-.it '" tiv cor.tivue!. 'i'lie place
vi':i!, iiit'i j-v-'.-'rai t:t.o ia iiTWuiiy and
rK'nm;'.i-!;. vi-iT.' orl's:' ;-i;:phy was
clumged t ';hi! i-." w'ueae it came
int.; ihigH:.h. e-.-.i! v::s at!:pted by the
Americans with fnr'. h-r hnnges in
the spelling. The Me:;j..-:iii dollar is
g. T:.rr:ir-y ;;;!! i" ..tve" hi France,
and the i i s.-.-r.!ctimosi applied to
the I'siitetl tii'::tes '.. !;). tippella
tion ia i:i(.t;rre.t in cipher ease, for the
w vd Yilu'stcr (or .. piastre) has for the
last fifty years been only tipplied with
correctness t a small silver coin used
in Turkey or Egypt, which is worth
from live to ci'rht cents.
PROTECTED BY A WOLF.
A Boy's S2:iKTilnr Ipfi'ndpr Against a Pack
of Hungry J7rutea.
Sam" Adams, was killed by the In--dians
near Johnstown, Pa., says Forest
and Stream. His brother John was
with him when he was killed. They
were watching some cattle in a swampy
place on the river, when they were sur
prised by the Indians. John was only
ten years old, but he knew all abou the
ways of the savages. When be saw his
brother fall he dixiged into the brush
like a quail and r:n till beft-ot into the
dense laurel that skirts the stream. He
was thirty milei; from the settlement in
Bedford county, and when night ame
on he resolved to take tha woods forsit
and erow; the uvrantam. He knew the
Intiian:; would v.-.it..-h the road. Ho was
barchv.VLed a-.i.'i harefoted, and his feet
were. Ues'.i:;-. TV.e. wolves" followed
him, h .w:.'.. - and gi'tlUig, norc and
more ia:;v.-.di nt. lie dare . not climb a
tree f:r f.-r.r .of lwiug kept up till morn
ing am" Iviug discovered by the red
sinus. :;. v. olf, i iu-rh larger than the
rest, can: . very ncai Win.- so near that
when ho : 'i .!. his, i?ha;jy coat, wet
with the ..-. th-.i Ky felt "it splash in
his f.v. 'liiis tMt;; appeared to fight
' 1 no disposition
toaonarm. it was not long till tne
rest of the pack dropped off and left
John alone with the big wolf, and they
journeyed on together, till broad day. '
When they reached the brow of the
mountain and John could seethe smoke
and clearings of the settlement they
separated. - The wolf trotted off along
the ridge, stopped several times, and
looked back as. though, .loath to leave
his companion. John lived to be very
old, but never harmed a wolf in all his
life; and he firmly believed that his
friend had been sent to him by some un
seen power to guide bimi thrbugh the
wilderness. He could never have found
the crossing with6nt the aid of the
wolf,- and- would certainly have been
eaten up but for his protection.
DETECTING SPURIOUS COINS.
A Treasury Expert Illustrates - a Sure
Method of Coining to a Conclusion.
"Here's the way we test coins in the
treasury." And the expert swiftly
poised the . dollar piece horizon
tally on the r tip of his' fore
finger, holding . the thumb a quarter
of an inch away from it, and gave it a
brisk tap with another coin. ' A clear,
silver ring .sounded out. - "Good, but
here, listen," and he xepeated the opera
tion with another coin that gave out a
dull, heavy clink that ceased almost as
soon as it began. ' "Type metal and
lead; molded, too. That is a. wretched
counterfeit." ' - ''
. "How do you tell that it was molded?"-
asked a Springfield Republican
He held the two coins so that the light
struck on their edges. "Just Compare
the reeding-, will you, or milling, as
most people call it. In this genuine
coin this is very clear and sharp cut, in
the counterfeit it is coarse and dull.
That is because it is molded instead of
being stamped in cold metal like the
governme nt coins."
-, "'Why do the counterfeiters not use
the same cold process?" .
"It costs too much and is too
noisy. With a mold, you see, a counter
feiter can carry on his work in a garret,
and if a policeman comes in he can shy
his whole outfit out of the window.
But it takes great power to run a die.
Still some highflying counterfeiters do
use them, and' their work is usually
harder to detect, though it is never so
perfect as (hat of the government
"What is the surest lest for counter
feit coin for popular use?".
. "The- looks of the reeding, as I was
telling you the milling, by the way, is
on the face of the coin and not on the
edge, as most people think. ' That's the
surest and easiest thing, but of course,
other tests have to be used, especially
for weight and thickness. A little scale
for weight and measure is the handiest
thing to settle that. . Then for a plated
coin a drop of acid spurted on the edge
where the placing wears most win chew
up the base metal in a hurry."
."What acid do you use?"
"For gold coin a mixture of ftrong
nitric acid, six and one-half drachms,
muriatic acid, fifteen drops, and water,
five drachms, is used. For silver, twenty-four
grams of nitrate of silver and
thirty drops of nitric acid with one
ounce of water. One drop is sufficient.
If the coin is heavily plated we scrape
it a little before putting on the acid."
NATURE'S BENEFICENT WORK.
It Is Doing Wonders In the Famous Col
orado Desert. -When
the water began to recede in
the Salton lake and in the streams
which fed it from the Colorado super
ficial observers declared that the over
flow of 1892 was going to be a repeti
tion of the overflow of 1852, and that
in a few years no traces of it would re
main. , But it seems - they forgot that
the application . of water to sand pro
vokes vegetation. All through the dis
trict which was overflowed a year ago,
and is now in large part dry, plants
have sprung up where plant life never
existed -within the historical period,
and the desert is gridironed withN
strings of bushes and grass. From
these plants moisture will evaporate,
and will return to the earth in the
shape of rain, extending the arable
area. . .
., Nature's impulse is to turn the face
of the earth to account, says the San
Francisco Examiner. When it fails to
do so it is hindered by insuperable ob
stacles. In a desert where' there is
neither soil nor moisture it is difficult
for anything to grow; but apply a lit
tle water to the sand and seeds carried
by the wind will germinate, plants will
flourish, -and, dying, eave behind them
decayed, vegetable matter which will
feed their progeny. Water is the best
of all fertilizers, though it has never
been patented. Dowfi. in Merced the
ingenious nurserymen located on sand
plains on which it was difficult to find
a speck of- loam or humus or alluvium;
they irrigated the sand liberally, and
now there is hardly a plant in the her
barium which, they do not grrow success
fully. Another thing. Whatever has been
since the world took its present shape
may be again. Time was when the
Colorado desert contained a r'oin of
lakes surrounded by forests. '.7c can
see the beach line of the lakes and the
trunks of the blasted trees. By what
convulsion of nature in that volcanic
country these lakes were cut off from
their sources and evaporated science
has not formulated conjecture, but it is
rash to conclude that the old sources
will never be reopened and the lakes ret
stored. Had the people of Southern nCal
ifornia displayed energy last year the
river mouth of Algodones would have
been kept open, and a steady flow of
water secured throughout the spring
and summer seasons. Some day that
may be done. ; -
Another Pair of Siamese 'Twins.
That strange freak of nature known
as "the Siamese twins" has, it appears,
been repeated in Orissa. The "Orissa
twins" are described as two little Uriya
girls of about five years old. When
last heard of, says the London News,
they .were leaving by steamer for this
country on then? way to the world's fair
at Chicago, though they will first be
exhibited here. They are, it is stated,'
firmly joined together and if one is fed
. both are satisfied. When they were in
early infancy at Hoapara, in the inte
rior, the native villagers looked upon
them as the incarnation of the devil,
and their parents were boycotted by
their caste people. The story is that
the father's first impulse was to sepa
rate them by cutting the sac - which
joins them together, and the mark
made in the attempt is still visible. - A
wealthy tehsilder of the district, how
ever, intervened. : Ketter Naick, .the
father, of the twins, is reported to be
now steadily growing rich. The Siamese
twins, Chang and Eng, were, it will be
remembered, of the male sex. . They
were born in 1811 and died in America,
within two hours of each other, to
LEGENDS ABOUT THE, POTATO.
Queer Stories About Its Introduction
. v Into Russia and England. ' ,
When potatoes were ' first introduced
into Russia by a Mr. Rowland (the ex
act date of the introduction of the
tuber into that benighted country being
a subject of controversy, but, usually
set down at 1791) the people would
neither : plant nor touch them. They
declared them to be the devil's fruit,
and that they were given to his Satanic
majesty on his complaint to God that
he had no fruit God ' told him to
''search the earth for food." Where
upon the poor devil fell to .digging in
the earth and found potatoes growing
A similar legend -seems to have ob
tained credit among the staid British
ers in Berwickshire England. . In that
shire the introduction of potatoes is
popularly attributed to Sir Michael
Scott, one known all over Europe as
"The Wizard of the North." According
to the s tor Michael and ' the devil
formed a copartnership and took the
lease of a farm on the Mertown estates,
called the ''Whitchouse." Michael was
to manage the farm; the devil the cap
ital; the produce was to be divided in
the following manner: . " .
The first year Michael was to have all
that grew above the ground, and the
devil all that grew beneath the surface;
the second year shares were , to be
divided in just the opposite way. ' Hit
Satanic majesty, strange t say, was
badly beaten by the wiiy Michael, for
that personage, with true Scottish fore
sight, sowed all the land tv wheat the
first year and. planted it all ia potatoes
the second So the poor devil -got
nothing but wheat stubble and potate
tops. How these absurd legend:; orig.
inated no one seems to Lnovr, but the
fact remains that the ptasa.i:'ry of both
Russia and England even t f his day
frequently allude to potatoes as "devil's
" '" none. . , . ; . .
To Whom it May Concern:
Notice is hereby given that by order
of the common council made and en
tered on the Srd day of May, 1694, 1 was
authorized and directed to advertise the
matters subitantially contained in the
docket of city liens of the assessment of
property for the construction of an 8-
inch terra cotta sewer in Lincoln street
b provided by special ordinance No.
285, which paaeed the common council
of Dalles City. March 12th, 1894, and
was approved by the mayor March ISth,
That the assessments which have not
been paid npon the property as now an
pears in said lien docket are as follows :
Lots 8 and , block 1 Trevitt's Ad
dition, Capt. McNulty . . . . .-. . .. $49 SO
Lots 4, o ana to, Dlock. 1, Trevitt's
Addition, Mrs. Marv Booth. . . 72 95
Lot 3, block 1, Trevitt's Addition,
J. L. Thompson 24 65
Lots 1 and J and sW of 3. block 5
Trevitt's Addn Catholic church 123 25
Lot 8, block 2, Trevitt's Addition
Mrs. T. W. Sparks .'. 24 65
Lot 4, block 4, Trevitt's Addition,
Mary Bonaey. ......... .v. ...... . 24 65
That unless within five days from the
final publication of this notice, to-wit,
Monday, May 28th, 1894, as required by
Sec. 74 of the charter of Dalles City,
eaid so. ma above mentioned are not
wholly paid to the city treasurer and a
duplicate receipt therefor filed with the
recorder of Dalles City, the council will
order a warrant for the collection of the
same, to be issued by the recorder and
dii feted to the marshal.
Dated at Dalles City, Oregon, this 8th
day of May, 1894.
Douglas S. Dcfvk,
m8-14t Recorder of Dalles City.
Lame Baotc, ate.
03, SASBEH'S ELECT31C BELT
Wttii Eleotro-Masnetlo SUSPENSORY
yrT cure without madlote all Wetiawi remitting from
STcr-tmattou of brain nerve tore t tiwwi or L&ditv
- sretion, aa xmi-toos debility, lMpiee0iMsa, languor,
rhnuonctiam, kidney, Uvar and biaddar compiairvta.
lain bach:, lumbago, aeiattaa, all female eocopninu.
retvprat til batth, etc
instantly foJt by wearer or we forfeit ,Oeo.OO, and
will cure all of the abore diaeweee or no par. Tboo
OYr au oteerw, iwreot is
-nr.s naro been earea by wiia marretcna tnvennoa
after all other remedies f&itod. aad we irrre hoDdred
uf t-aetiraontale in thim and every other etnte.
Onr I'euarfrfl bapmed KUfCTCC OTSPXNftvST. the
rrtiteex . boon arer offered weak men, FRXX wtta al
3-Jt. IlMlt. ul Tlnrnt MrMtk OlSllUtlBID li fl M
iJiiO. fiend for Uiua'd Pamphlet, naaiieC , urn led, tree
SANDEN ELECTRIC OO..
ftc 179 first Sti-eet, JOATIAJI J OAS.
Removed to corner Third and Washington
streets, Portland. Or.
CAST I OBTAIN A PATENT f 'Tors
prompt answer and an honest opinion, write to
MUNN fc CO., who bare bad nearly fifty years'
experience tn the patent business. Communica
tions strictly oonfldentlal. A Handbook of In.
formation ooncanuna: Patents and bow to ob
tain them sent free. Also a eatakigiieolmeoaaa
leal and scientific books sent tree.
Patents taken through Munn ft Co. feoele
special notice in the (Scienti So Americas, and
thus are brought widely before the public with,
out cost to the inrentor. This snlendid paper,
issued weekly, elegantly illustrated, has by far tha
largest circulation of any scientific, work in taa
world. S3 a year. Sample copies sent free.
Building BdJttan, monthly, sio a year. Bincl
copies, 'iS eenta. Brery number contains bean
tirul plates, in colors, and photographs of new
houses, with plans, enabling builders to show the
latest deetffns aad secure contracts. Address -
MCTNM CO. KSW TOIUC. 31 BBOiBVsT.
IS ' prepared to do any and all
kinds of work in' his line at
reasonable figures. Has the
' largest house moving outfit
in atern Oregon. ' ' ' -
. i. V 'f: ..
Address P.O.Box 181,The Dalles
. The Gate Oity of the Inland Empire ia situated at tha- haasl
of navigation on the Middle Columbia, and is a thriving, proa
It ia the supply city for an extensile and rioh agricultural
and grazing country, its trade reaching a far south as Banuaer
Lake, a distance of oyer two hundred miles. -
The Largest Wool Market.
The rioh gracing .country along the eastera slope of tha Oaa
oades furnishes pasture for thousands of sheep, the -wool from
which finds market here.' : - : : 1 '
The Dalles is the' largest original wool shipping point is'
America, about 5,000,000 pounds being shipped last year.
' ITS PRODUCTS.
- The . salmon' fisheries are the finest on the Columbia, yielding
this year a revenue of thousands of dollars, whioh will be more
than doubled in the near future. . -.
The products of the beautiful '. Klickitat ralley find market
- here, and the country south and east has this year filled the
warehouses, and .nil available storage places to overflowing with
their products. '
ITS WEALTH. " -
It is the richest city of its size on the coast and its money is
soattured over and ia being used to develop more farming country
than is tributary to any other city in Eastern Oregon.
Its situation is unsurpassed. Its climate delightful. ' Its pos
sibilities: inoilculultle. Its i-naouroes unlimited. And on these
When the Train stops at THE DALLES, get eff to the Sooth Side
. a-TTisc ......
fiEW COIiTJlVlBlfl HOTEIi.
. IMs large and popular House doe tlie principal hotel business,
and Is Tireparea Co famish the itust AooommodatiODS of any
. Msm id the eitr, sod ai the low rate of ............. '
$i.oo per Day," - pirst Qlass Teals, 25 Cepts.
. OfBea for all Stag Lmti learlne; The Dallas for all '
patnta In Baa tern Orsgcm asHl Santera Wasl.inyrw.
Sa Utis Hotel. . .-
Cornel el Front aod Uaion 81a.
"There is a tide in the affairs of men which, taken at itsflqoa
leads on to fortune."
The poet unquestionably had reference to the ,
Clisif -Out Sale 1p-
-m Mw I Cauls
At CR AN DALL
Who are soiling those goods
Shop on Third- Street, next door weet of Young & Kxtsa
' Blacksmith Shop. '
T. T. NICHOLAS, Propr.
out at greatly-red uoed rates
PBjajjjgj jsiaeSaWsaWsWlW fe