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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1892)
The Dalles Daily Chronicle.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF DALLES CITY.
IKD WASCO COUXTT.
Published Daily, Sunday Excepted.
THE CHRONICLE PUBLISHING CO.
Comer Second and Washington Streets. The
Terms of Snhncrlitlon
Per month, by carrier.
Secretary of Statu
Secretary ol btaie Yni" i etaohan
- i.i h. Mitchell
.'.."." Frank Baker
Supt. ol Public instruction
-.,,, j.ldsre C. N. Thornbury
Commissioners j Vratis Kincald
Fourth of .July Continued.
Americans, at Lexington, fired upon
them; and time my country men, was
shed the first precious blood ot tne rev
olution, a revolution replete with ad
vantages not only to Americana in par
ticular, but to humanity iu general.
The effect on the country of the shed
ding of American blood at I-exiiigton,
was like an electrical shock, A cry of
indignation and outrage rent the air.
Volunteers from the country and from
the city, from the shop and from the
farm, "flocked to Boston to aid their
countrymen in distress. Then came the
battle of Bunker Hill, and loth sides
knew that war, open and unrelentless,
was inevitable. The Continental Con
gress, sitting at Philadelphia, appointed
Geii. George Washington, of Virginia,
Commander in Chief of the American
armies. The appointment was an ex:
tremely judicious one, for Washington
possessed bravery without rashness, had
the highest order of intelligence, and a
personal character commanding univer
sal admiration and respect. Other ages
suid other nations may boast of their
a ariiors," statesman and patriots. Some
may admire Alexander the Great, who,
having afflicted on mankind the scourge
of war for the sake of conquest; wept
that he had not other worlds to conquer.
Some may point to Ciesar as the con
summation of human greatness, but
Cfesar waged war to gratify his insatia
ble ambition, and to promote his per
sonal aggrandizement. Some might
.consider the hero of Marengo and Ans
; terlftz the foremost man of all the world,
had not Napoleon plunged France into
'expensive and ruinous wars that he
might trample underfoot the liberties of
Knrnne. But Washington, actuated by
motives pure, lofty and sublime, was
tilled with sentiments of unselnsh loy
alty and patriotism for his tellow coun
trymen, unparalleled in the annals of j
When victorious, as at Trenton,
Princetown or at Yorktown, some Amer
icans there were transported beyond the
bounds of reason with joy. When in
the dark valley of defeat, as at German
town and Brandywine, others there were
overwhelmed by despair; but the in
domitable heart of George Washington,
whether in victory or defeat, whether
shocked by the treason of Arnold, or
pierced with sorrow by the terrible suf
ferings of his troops at valley Forge, was
patient resolute and hopeful.
Surely he is the noblest man that ever
lived in the tide of time, and of him
with truth it was said, "First in peace,
first in war, and first in the hearts of his
On the 2d day of July, 177, Richard
. ,r: tl, tliai
Henry iee oi irjiuua, ujv
- congress of the United States, declare
that these colonies are, and of right
-ought to be, free and independent
states. A committee was appointed to
- draft a declaration, consisting of the
-names of Thomas Jefferson, John Ad-
Franklin. Koeer Sher-
-.,,, nnrl Rnlw-rt "R. Livinestone. The
rWlnration recommended by this com
mittee was written by the immortal pen
of the illustrious Jefferson. On the 4th
day of July, HQ years ago, the conti
nental consress. fellow citizens, per
formed its greatest and most important
duty. The question before congress
was. shall these states be free and inde
nil(nt? Shall the American people
forever be blessed with the inestimable
boon of liberty, or shall they sink into
slavery and become thex cringing serfs,
of a powerful despotism, that would
erind them into powder at the back of a
foreign despot? The debate was long
and protracted ; at length the vote was
taken, the result announced in awiui
silence, and erand old Independence
ia11 rnir nil t clear and load, proclaim
ing liberty unto the world. Of a truth
this da.v we commemorate is not a delu
eion and a snare, but a veritable reality,
pregant with everlasting benefits to
Years followed in which' the half fed,
f: half clad American soldiers, contended
: with the thoroughly equipped and ap
pointed regulars of the British army.
The days were cold and dark, and
dreary. Washington, driven from New
York, retreated with difficulty through
"New jersey and Pennsylvania. Univer
sal' gloom enshrouded the nation and all
seemed lost, irreparably lost ; but in that
hour of darkness and despair light came
from across the ocean.' France the
hereditary enemy Of England, permeated
with a. love of libertv which the writings
of Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot and
Rousseau had aroused m her breast, ana
avmoathizine "with the Colonists, sent
forces to our assistance, and the glorious
memories of this dav, ladies and gentle
men, would not be complete without the
name of the pure and faithful friend ot
Washington, the Marquis De Lafayette.
At length the British government, real
izing that it would be folly to longer
strive to conquer men, who, for their
country, suffered in patience the lior
rors of war. and who, half shod, with
out a murmur, left on the frozen snow
the bloody prints of their mangled feet,
determined to abandon the further pros
ecution of the war, and accordingly, at
Paris, in the year 1783, after eight years
of hostility, a treaty was signed by the.
contending powers, recognizing the in
dependence of the United States.
Peace having been established, the
government of the United States was
continued under the Articles of Federa
tion ; but this government, after years
of lamentable failure, was found to be
inadequate to cope with the exigencies
of the times. The want of a strong and
vitroronslv centralized national govern
ment was keenly felt. Under such
favorablecircumstances the constitution
al convention met and framed a consti
tution, that from the first, received al
most nniversal approval, and having
been formally ratified by all the original
thirteen states, our present government,
with the inauguration of Washington,
April 30th, 1789 entered upon a career of
prosperity and glory, a career, let us
hone, destined to eclipse the splendors
of Greece aud Rome, and to become the
brightest star in the firmament of the
It has been the felicitv of our beloved
country to have had in the chair of the
chief executive, Washington and Jeffer
son, Matfison and Monroe; Jackson and
Lincoln: it has leen our happy lot
that the spotless ermine of the judiciary
dropped upon the shoulders of Marshall,
Taney and Waite; the treasury depart
ment ha3 been adorned by the genius ot
Hamilton, Gallatin and Chase; and in
the hour of peril, Taylor and Scott,
Grant. Sherman and Sheridan drew
their swords to defend and preserve the
The prosperity of the United States
during the centurv of their existence is
at once the source both of snrprise and
congratulation. The nrst census, tliat
of 1790, showed' a population of over
4,000,000 of souls ; the last census, that
of 1890, disclosed the fact that 65,000,000
of people rest content under the pro
tection of the stars and stripes, and our
glorious flag, instead of only thirteen
stars, now sparkles with forty-four.
But if we have prospered in the past,
what must be our prosperity in the
future. We should always remember
ladies and gentlemen, that, other nations
and other empires have also achieved
creatness. and vet have fallen- "With
hideous ruin and combustion," never to
rise again. Lgypt, iNinevah, ana Carth
age, Babylon, Persia and Rome, each
attained to almost fabulous grf-atness;
nevertheless, they have passed away,
leaving nought but ruins to tell that
once thev existed. And shall this be
our lot? Having reached the consum
mation of human greatness, will our
country, "fall like a bright exhalation
in the evening and no man see it more?"
It seems to me that there are influ
ences, political, social, moral and relig
ious, at work among us, experienced by
no other nation, ancient or modern.
But eternal vigilance being the price of
libertv. we should always remember
that our duty to preserve intact the
declaration of independence and the
constitution of the United States is as
imperative, ' and almost as arduous as
that of our fathers in resisting tyranny,
even unto death.
The time has been when it was ex
pedient to encourage unrestricted foreign
immigration. Statistics, however, show
that within the last twenty-five years
the better class of immigration, namely
that of France. Holland, Germany, Eng
land. Scotland and Ireland has been per
ceptibly diminished; while on the other
hand immigration made tip of the crim
inal and pauper classes of Russia, Italy,
Poland and Hungary has greatly in
creased. But happily for the republic,
this crying evil of the day can be rem-
ied by timely and intelligent legislation.
Again our welfare is threatened by
vast corporate powers, that aim only to
enrich themselves at the expense of the
people. The problem, how to creai wita
these powerful corporations, can be
easily solved, if congress and the state
legislatures preserve their honesty and
integrity, and shrink from the odium of
becoming the corrupt hirelings of mo;
nopolies and trusts.
The learned historian of . the decline
and fall of the Roman Empire points
out, among others, " two deadly in-
flnences : the one. that of granting citi
zenship unto every subject of the Em
peror, thereby depriving Roman citizen
ship of its time honored distinction and
its incentive to deeds of dignity and
high exploit. The other, that of the
corrupt use of money in purchasing of
fices of honor, trust and emolument.
And. indeed, the venal and impious
prretorian, who auctioned off the empire
of Augustus to the highest bidder, was
not a bigger scoundrel, traitor aud vil-
lain than the lobbyist who bribes legis
lators, or the American citizen who bar
ters away his birthright.
It has been said that the United
States will fall in the twentieth century
as Rome fell in the fourth. But ttiere
will be this difference, the enemies of
Rome came, from without, - while those
of the-republic will 'come from! within,.
To guard against domestic insurrection,
and civil strife, we must have a wide dif
fusion of learning, ; and an. abiding and
enduring love for the Union, inorough
instructions as free as the air we breathe,
not only in th.rudimentary, but also in
the higher branches of learning should
and ought to be the heritage of the poor,
as well as the privilege of the rich ; for
an active and vigorous youth manhood ;
a pure and gentle voung womanhood, is
molded and perfected by the - genial , in
fluence of a broad and liberal education.
Lastlv this glorious Union, brighter
than diamonds, richer than gold, we
must love more than ere Athenian loved
the city of the "violet crown," or Roman
the city of the seven hills. History and
experience warn us to beware of local
jealousies, and sectional strife. From
the past we hear the pathetic voice of
Demosthenes speaking fervently and
eloquently, but without avail, to per
suade Greece, weakened by civil war, to
unite against the encroachments of the
Macedonian despot.: With us there
should be no North, no South, no East,
no West. Those who live under the sky
of the sunny south, those who dwell on
the shores of the great lakes, those: who
hear the incessant roarings of the Atlan
tic and the Pacific; and we who inhabit
this region, where once rolled the Ore
gon, and heard no sound, save his own
dashings; should all feel that we are
bound together by an indissoluble
Union of indestructable states. If we
are actuated by motives such as these
the republic will go on and on, until her
mild and beneficient power shall extend
from Greenland to Patagpnian.and from
ocean to ocean, aye shall circle the large
circumference of the globe, and may the
God of our fathers, who did comfort and
sustain Washington the father, and Lin
coln the savior, in -the hour of tribula
tion and impending chaos, preserve the
republic in the bloom of an eternal
youth, till the consummation ol ages,
till time shall be no more.
It would be impossible, in the space at
hand, to particularize every feature of
the dav. The music by The Dalles
citizens band was first class. The choir
singing likewise ; and the event passed
off pleasantly and agreeably to all. The
fire-works being equal to any similar
exhibit in the state undoubtedly, was a
fitting termination of the festivities.
The city was handsomely decorated and
the citizens generally vied with one
another in matters calculated to enter
tain the cities guests. '
Superior in tune to' Pipe Organs,
easier played and cheaper, are the
Successors to C. K. unhain.
Piire Dhp 'afllileflicines.
Dispensing Physicians' Prescriptions a Specialty.
Night Druggists always in Attendance.
Cor. Second and Union Sts.,
THE DA1LI8, OBSOON.
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc.
Sprity ai?d Summer,
leave an order elsewhere.
Undertaking Establishment !
PRINZ & NITSCHKE.
Furniture and Carpets.
We have added to our business a
oni u a w iti Tin wiiv connected with
the Undertakers' Trust our prices will
. . ,
oe low accordingly. .
Remember our place on Second street
next to Mooav'6 oanit.
BEN J. HARRISON.
W HITEL Aiy REID.
The Iiatcti String is Rluiays Out I
t 1592. 4-
"Hut word are tbins-s, and a small drop of ink.,
That which makes thousands, perhape millions, thins.'
W TRUST TO ISTEKE8T AND HO YOl- GOOD.
Buy Our Shoes
WALTER H. TENNY A. CO.,
TSHE DALLES MERCANTILE CO.
SOLE AGENTS. FOR THE DALLES.
THE EUROPEAN HOUSE.
Tlie Corrasatad Kntldins next Door to Court House.
Handsomely Fnrnisned Rooms to Real Dy tie Day, Weet or Mtii. . .
Meals Prepared by a First Class' English Cook.
TRANSIENT FATRONAGE SOLICITED.
Good Sample Rooms for Commercial Men.',
H. C. NIE
DID YOU KNOW IT
WE v ARE AGENTS FOR THE
Arpid Stoves and Ranges, Garland Stoves and
Ranges, Jemell's Stoves and Hanges, universal Stoves and Ranges.
We are also agents for the Celebrated Boynton fornaee.
RmnKitiition and Loaded Shells, Ete. , .
SflfllTRnV PliUCnBIflG A SPECIAUTV.
MAIER & BENTON
BOOTS AND SHOES,
Hats and Caps, Trunks andValises,
Gk,nts' 3F-d.xyi 1 wlTtlxxs Goods,
COKNER OF SECOND AND WASHINGTON, THE DALLES, OREGOH.
K Tacobsen & Co.'s.
THE. UALLC.5, uncuun.
162 Second Street.
FIRE 010RKS I
EW SPBIP BP SOJHIflER DRY fiflODS
COMPLETE IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. . 1 .
Clothing, Gents' Famishing Goods; Hats, Gaps,
Boots and Shoes. .
Full Assortment of the Leading Manufacturers.
Gash Bayers mill ; save money by examining oar stock
and prices before purchasing elsemhere.
PAUL KREFT & CO.,
. DEALERS IN
PAINTS, OILS AND GLASS,
And the Most Complete and the Latest Patterns and Designs in
Impractical Painters and Paper Hangers. None but the beat brands pf the
Sherrin-Williama and J. W. Masary's Paints used in all OQrT0'ade .-"S
; . , vi, a yuf p!99 .rticle in all colors. All
cnemicai cotauiiuttiuu vi 'iiiahh v..
npApa nmmntlv attended to. . . .
fit and Paint ShoB corner Third and Washington Sts., The Dalles, Oregon
m s ?
! j c: -3
S3 - S
pn ' 2
i " ,. PP
fHiiiill fill 1 1
WM. BUTLER & CO.,
DEALERS IN- V
feuiiy Material, Rough and Dressed
Lumber Limey Plaster. Hair and Cement.
A feral discoanuUla trade in all lines handled by us.
JEFFERSON STREET, between Second and Railroad. . THE DALLES, QB.
SITL'ATED AT THE HEAD OF NAVIGATION.
Destined to be the Best
Manufacturing Center in
the Inland Empire.
'Best Selling Property of -T
the Season in the North-
west. 'j '.
For Further Information Call at the Off Ice of
Interstate Investment Go.,
0. D. TAYLOR The Bales. Or. . ; 72 WasMmtea, St, Portland. Or.