The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948, July 05, 1892, Image 1

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    o 3
4 A
NO. 17.
Look at the Bargains !
X. HftHiS,
: AT. THE:
JHwaiJg to the Froqt !
leani -Dot SflLE !
Mv Entire Stock, Consisting of
Dry Goods,
Boots, Shoes,
Hats and Gaps,
6EHTS' Ririlirii ill,
EitMines .
And the .Sale will le con
tinued until all is disposed
of. A special opportunity
is here afforded for small
stores to replenish their
Call and J'rice these Goods,
li you tnke iills it is bccimse yon hav-c never
tried tlie
S. B. Headache and Liver Cure.
It works so nirely, olcinsingr the Liver and
Kktncys; acts as a mild physio without causing
pain or sickness, and does not stop you from
eating ttnd working.
try it ia to become a friend to it
For cale by nil drusjrists.
Young 8t I-yuss,
BlaoSSBiitU tim sin
General Blaeksmithing and Work done
promptly, and all work
jiOrse Shoeeing a Speiality
TbM Street opposite the old Liebe Stand.
Has Opened the
X. Id the New Frame Building on
SECOND STREET, Next to the
Diamond Flouring Mills.
First Class Meals Furnished at all Hoars.
Only White Help Employed.
100 Dozen TOWEItS:
Worth .25 Cts., oing for 12 i-2 Cts.
Just Received an Immense Shipment
of. the Celebrated'
loya 1 Uoreester Corsets
Snipes.. o& Kinersly,
Wlitale iJ Bui Driiisis.
Handled by Three Registered Druggists.
Patent ffiedieines and Druggists Sundries,
Agents for Murphy's Fine Varnishes and the only agents in
the City for The Sherwin, Williams Co.'s Paints.
The Largest Dealers in Wall Paper.
Finest Line of Imported Key West and Domestic Cigars.
- ' Agent for Tansill's Punch.
129 Second Street, The Dalles, Oregon
Finest Wines
171 Second Street,
Frenchs' Block, The Dalles, Oregon
Jos. T. Peters & Co.;
and a full line of Builders' Supplies, all of which
are carried constantly in stock.
Call and see us at our new store, southwest corner
of Second and Jefferson Streets, before buying else
where. Our prices are as low as the lowest, and on
many things below all competitors. -
and Liquors.
The 116tii Anniversary "of Dnr Ameri
cas Independence. '
The Oration Delivered by the Hon.
Gilbert.!. McGinn of Portland.
Rport of The Procession .The Oration
in r ail Crowds in Attenduce.
We give place to-day to the account of
the 4th of July celebration in The Dal
les yesterday to the exclusion of other
interesting matter, because the-day was
one long to be remembered by the
throngs in attendance. The programme
which was published on Saturday was
litterally carried out, and the procession
was one of the greatest attractions. In
charge of Col. "Thompson and staffit
paraded the principal streets headed by
The Dalles Brass band. The liberty car,
with its full representation of the states,
and the goddess of liberty was greatly
admired. These were followed by car
riages in which were seated the officers
of the day ; then came ihe militia, G. A.
E., fire department, A. O. W., Woodmen,
etc. The display by the Woodmen was
particularly line. Their float repre
sented ax-men, with a log, in which was
displayed a huge,; wedge, maul, axe,
etc, in the procession. Then came
mounted Indian chiefs. Following
these was the stage coach, then came
the ponderous cigar float of Messrs. A.
Ulrieh & Son. Jos. T. Peters & Co.
made a fine display of lumber, boxes,
etc. Gates & Allison appeared with
their ice wagon. John Booth made a
handsome display with a miniature
colliope, and a mounted guard. Maier
& Benton had a very creditable exhibi
bition of their trades, representing
plumbing, etc. Then followed the rep
resentative Indian women on ponies,
single and double, as they ride on the
trail. : Peters & Co. had an extra fine
float in here representing the lumber
interests. The Carpenters' Union was
elaborately represented in a . working
force at labor, building a structure on a
larse platform. The Umatilla house i
Buss, handsomely decorated, and Rus
sell & Co.'s steam traction engine,
threshers, etc, drawn by steam, sup
plied a goodly portion of the last di
vision. -
At the grand stand the exercises, con
sisting of music of a high order, both
instrumental and vocal, was greatly ap
preciated. The singing was followed by
a fervent : prayer by the chaplain, Rev.
W. C. Curtis, after which the declara
tion was read in a clear tone and mas
terly manner bv Mr. Nicholas J. Sin-
nott. The oration, by Mr. Gilbert J.
McGinn, of Portland, was an intelligent
and instructive paper, which we publish
complete, as follows: . ...
Mr. President, ' Fellow Citizens,
Ladies .and Gentlemen :--On this glor
ious day, eo dear to the - heart of every
true American, it is meet and profitable
to recall the achivements of the past, so
that both in the' present and future,
having sure and safe guides, we act not
foolishly bnt wisely. On this day it is
tit and proper to revere the memory of
him, whose -genius gave a continent to
mankind, and our love of country will
burn with "a, more fervent " and holier
light when we contemplate with feelings
of pride, and a desire of emulation, the
lofty deeds of self-sacrifice and patriot
ism of the founders of the republic. I
shall therefore briefly relate the story of
the discovery and colonization of Amer
ica. I shall in the next place .strive to
point but the salient causes " that "led to
the revolution of 1776, and the war. ior
American independence," paying a pass
ing tribute to the'men, who in order-to
secure tor themselves and their posterity
the rights and privileges of freetnen,
feared" not to shed their hearts precious
blood. And lastly, I shall endeavor to
impress upon the minds of all present
that the responsibility resting upon us
to preserve and defend our country is a
duty aa solemn ' and as sacred as that of
our fathers in establishing it. -
During the 15th " century, the fancy
and imagination of Europe were 'in
flamed to the highest degree by the -accounts
which . Marco Polo had given of
hiB travels in Asia and the east, and
particularly by the account of his visit
to the great and mighty Kahn of Tar
tars. A credulous world heard with
wonder and astonishment of regions
peopled by innumerable multitudes, of
palaces of kings whose very roofs were
of solid gold, of a country whose wealth
in eweet spices and precious stones was
like the eands on the shore, or the leaves
of a gigantic forest, without beginning
and without end.
To reach India by some route other
than the one across the burning eands
of the ' trackless desert, became an all
absorbing problem, a problem at the
time extremely difficult of eolation.
Christopher Columbue, a Genoese ' mar
iner, learned in the science of naviga
tion, but who, poor, ragged, penniless
and advanced in years, were obliged to
support himself by making and selling
mariner's charts; conceived the idea
that the earth was round instead of be
ing flat, as ' was then univereally be
lieved, and that India might be reached
by sailing due west. . He spoke to all
that would listen to him of the scheme
dearest to his heart. He spoke of it
with eo much earnestness, that men re
garded him as a visionary fellow, crazy
indeed from much brooding upon one
subject, and even the children pointed
to their foreheads ' in derision as he
passed them in the street. But Colum
bus was a man of genius, a man not to
he discouraged or disheartened by the
insults of the ignorant, the sneers of the
scoffers, or by the scorn of the proud.
For twenty long and weary years he
wandered from court to court asking
assistance. The king of Portugal
listened to him, but would not help him,
For seven years he implored the aid of
Ferdinand, king of Spain, but without
avail. Finallv when his heroic courage
and perseverance had nearly forsaken
him, and cruel disappointment seemed
inevitable, Queen Isabella promised to
furnish him ships for the venture, and
so, on the third day of August, 1492, ho
set sail from the harbor of Palos in
Spain, crossed unknown and stormy
seas, and on the 12th day of October,
1479, discovered the land in which we
live, the land that we love so well.
When Columbus returned triumphant,
to Spain, and told of a land blessed with
a mild and delightful climate, of a land
possessing mines of inexhaustable riches
and what was more than all to him of a
land peeled by myriads of savages who
might be taught the religion of Christ,
all that was brave, noble, and romatic;
all that was base, cruel; and av
aricious in the character. the Spaniard,
was kindled into madness. Thousands
flocked to the new. world in an eager
scramble for gold.' The power of the
Montezumas i:i Maxieo fell before ihe
conquering arm of the invincible Cortez ;
and the crafty . and. cunning Pizzaro
usurped the power and squandered the
wealth of Peru. Spanish settlements
were established in the West India
islands, and on the main land from
Florida to Patagonia ; but the gold eo
eagerly coveted and. so cruelly and mer
cilessly obtained, sapped the vitality of
the Spanish character, and became one
of the proximate causes that led to the
decline and fall of the Spanish Mon
archy.. The French, like the Spanish, were
not slow in perceiving the immense ad
vantages that would flow from the pos
session of territory in the new world, and
accordingly planted colonies in that
part of North America known as Canada,
Of the three great European nations,
the English were the last to come, and
the last to stay ; and the influence of
Britain on the character and destiny of
the people of America, will be felt till thej
last eylable of recorded time., .
The first English settlement within
the limits of the United States, was
made at Jamestown, Virginia, in the
year 1G07, and Virginia enjoys the proud
distinction of being the mother of the
colonies, and the land that gave birth to
Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, James
Madison, John Marshall ; and above all
and beyond all to George Washington, j
the fathor of his country. - . j
In the year 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers j
landing from the Mayflower at Piym-j
outh rock, formed a settlement after
ward incorporated under, the name of
the colony of Massachusetts. The do- '
scendantsof those pilgrims have become
famous throughout the world for their
proficiency in the arts and sciences, in
law and polite literature ; and today our
country glories in the names of their
illustrious eons, the patriots John and
Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, the
hero of Bunker Hill, the orator Web
ster, the philosopher Emerson, - and
the poetry of Lowell and Longfellow will
perish only with the language of Milton
and ol Burke.
New York was settled by the Dutch,
but was afterward . acquired by" the
English. Pennsylvania by the Quakers
' tinder the great and good man William
Penn. Maryland by the Catholics,
under the auspices of the noble "Lord
Baltimore ; and Georgia, the last of the
celebrated thirteen colonies, was settled ,
in 1732, the year in which Washington
was born, who was destined to lead the
American army to victory and everlast
ing glory. , '
. The colonists, often times compelled,
to defend their lives and propertjr .
against the treachery and rapacity of
the Indians, wore a brave, hardy, God- '
fearing and liberty-loving people, and'
the original thirteen colonies, consisting
of Virginia," -Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire,
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,.
Delaware, Maryland, "South Carolina,
North Carolina and Georgia, all pos
sessed a free and democratic govern
ment, wherein .the voice of the people
was considered the voice of God.
Meanwhile frequent disputes arose
between the French settlements in Can
ada, and those of the English in the col
onies. These disputes were generally
determined by au appeal to arms, but
the French government, having wars
enough at home to utilize her resources,
was unable properly to defend her pos
sessions in Canada, and accordingly Ft.
Duquesne, Lonisburg, Ticonderoga,
Crown Point and Niagara, fell into the
hands of the English, and w hen in the
year 1759, the heoric Wolfe had climbed
to the Plains of Abraham and Quebec
had surrendered, the British flag with
out a rival to dispute her 6way, waved
in triumph over a region extending front
the Arctic ocean to the Mississippi
In these wars with the French the
Colonies were obliged to unite their
forces for mutual defence, and thus were
taught the lesson, -'that in unity there
is strength." They saw that, the raw
American recruits so despised by the
British regulars, were superior in valor
to the "red coats." They realized that .
the vast expenditure of blood and treas
ure which these wars demanded, was
largely borne by themselves ; and. they
perceived that the government of Great'
Britain, not content in denying them
protection from their enemies, pursued '
toward them a policy characterized by .
rapacity and tyranny, a policy tending
to crush and suppress their liberties,
and to promote and maintain foreign
The navigation act compelled Ameri
cans to send their produce to England
in English ships. Obliged them to
purchase manufactured articles in - the-' -mother
country and would not allow the- .
Colonists to manufacture anything, not
even a nail. Yet this was not all,
England regarded the Americans as an.
inferior and dependent people ;. and the
English parliament claimed the right
and exercised the power of taxing the
Colonists without their consent.
The famous stamp act required that
stamps should be pnrchased from the -British
government and affixed to all- -legal
instruments newspapers, pamph-.
lots and the like, to give them validity.
But the Americans met these flagraut
encroachments upon their liberties. with "
prudence, firmness, courage and heroic
patriotism. Men who had left dear
homes and loving hearts, to settle iu the -wild
American wilderness, in order that
they might worship God according to
the dictates of their conscience;, men
who had braved the perils of the sea and.
the perils of the land; who had suffered
the intense heat of summer and the kil
ling frost of winter; men who. had battl
ed with the fierce and savage Indian,
that they might breathe air of freedom,
were not the kind of men that could be
deprived of their liberties without a
struggle. In remonstrance after re
monstrance to the king and parliament
of Great Britain, they solemnly declared
that taxation, without representation
was tyranny, and Patrick Henry, the ora
tor of the revolution gave utterance to
the fixed and unflinching purpose of the
people of America, when in language
that will live as long as freedom is cher
ished by the sons of men, he exclaimed,
"give me liberty or give me death."
The British government, seeirig with
what tenacity the Americans resisted
the stamp act, repealed that odious law,
but retained the tax on tea to maintain
the principle. The Americans however,
had not resisted the tax that they miglt
hoard up the paltry gold that would be
required to pay it, but they,had opposed
it upon principles of right, justice and
equity. Therefore at New .York and
Philadelphia, ships laden with tea, were"
sent back to England. At Charleston,
South Carolina, a large quantity of tea
was purposely stored in damp cellars ,
where it was ruined and at Boston 342
chests . of this odious commodity were
publicly dumped into the harbor ; where
upon the British government declared v
the colonies to be in mutiny and ordered
troops under Gen. Gage to occupy Mas
sachusetts. Gage learning that arms
and munitions of war, were collecting at
Concord, sent thither a regiment. On its
way, meeting ,& company' of seven. .
Continued on 2d page. ' .