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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1891)
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The Dalles Daily Chroinele.
Entered at the Postomee at The Dulles, Oregon,
an second-class matt. .
Secretary if State
Supt. of Public Instruction.
ongreHsmau , , ',
. ...O.W. McBride
iJ. N. Dolph
" f J- H. Mitchell
County Judge. C. N. Thornbury
Sheriff. ..D. L. Cates
Clerk . . . : J. B. Orosnen
Treasurer . .Geo. Ruch
: CommtKHlonen. .... I Frank'ncafd
"if Aiwessor .-. .John E. Barnett
Surveyor E. F. Sharp
" Superintendent of Public Schools. ..Troy hhelley
Coroner William Michell
The Chronicle is the Only Paper in
The Dalles that Receives the Associated
THE SINGLE TAX.
The letter of Mr. Yates, published in
another column is a very clear exposit
ion of what single tax men mean by
. "unearned iiu-reniem" or the commun
ity value of land ;" that is the value that
that attaches to. land by reason of the
presence of population, but it still leaves
unanswered the question that gave rise
to this controversy. What the Chron
icle still wants to know is how can an
, annual revenue of $02,500 be raised' from
real estate only, without increasing the
taxes of the farming community in a
ounty that has a million and a half of
. real estate and a million of persenal
property? If we drop the personal
property and levy the $62,000 on real
estate only must not land owners have
to pay the $25,000 now levied on personal
property in addition to the$37,500 levied
on real estate? In other words must
. not this levy be raised from 25 mills to
. over 41J.J mills, so that the farmer or
land owner who now pays a tax of $25,
. would, under the single tax system,
have to pay over $41.50? This is the
question and the Chrokiclk submits
that neither Mr. Yates nor anyone else
has yet answered it. The argument of
Mr. Yates, if it proves anything, goes to
show that i the community value of land
should be taxed. This, the ChkosiclkJ
has never denied. What we do deny is
'that the community value of land alone
.should be taxed and every thing else go
, free. Here is a man who located on, a
' piece of land 40 years ago when it - was
a wilderness. ' In course of years it be-
comes an important town site. The
V-inan sold out his interest tor a cool mil
lion. It was all "unearned increment,"
if you will. Shall we not tax him for
fhis million dollars?. And if "not, why
.,not? He never. "earned" a dollar of this
- money. The community : made . it for
him, yet the single tax system would let
. him free while it would tax the man who
,,had scratched, and toiled to . earn the
-money to buy himself, a .home on the
land so sold, while not a dollar of the
value of such land so far as the purchaser
-is concerned is "unearned increment,"
. bat the fruit of his own honest labor.
There is nothing morally beautiful in
such a system.
It is needless to remind us of the diffi
culties attending the taxation of per
sonal property and how much, in spite of
the vigilance of the assessor, will escape
taxation. In oar own state, we are free
to say, the law has never made any
adequate provisions for taxing personal
property. Men are allowed to pile up
indebtedness sufficient to offset all they
are possessed of and it is no part of the
assessor's duty to see that the exemption
' is taxed ; but this is simply the abuse of
$l principle otherwise fair and just. Be
cause there are difficulties connected
with the taxation of personal property, it'
by no means follows that it should be 1
-exempt. Because personal property is
sometimes concealed it does not follow
that it is right to tax only that which
cannot escape concealment. Here is a
man who has 20,000 head of cattle or
seheep feeding off the public range. The
owner may not have so much as a rod of
land. The single tax system would let
him escape taxation for everything he
owns while it would tax the - homstead
of the man who is too poor to build a
pasture fence for his family cow or team,
against the depredations of his exempt
neighbor. These are not simply inci
cidents but a part and parcel of the
single tax system. and no amount of
theorizing can make them right.
: The . Chronicle is - not the organ r of
- any party or system, political or other
wise. It must therefore be accorded the
right to condemn or approve the prjnci
i pies and actions of all parties as these
i may appear worthy of approval or con-
demnation.' The utmost that can be
asked in this respect is fair and impar
tial treatment. , If we . cannot believe
. that every modern -. theory for - the
amelioration ' of the condition' of the
- masses is just what is needed, it does not
. follow that we are not as honest as those
who pretend to believe .them. As be
tween the rich and the poor, as between
corporate wealth and power and; the
masses who- are not infrequently the
subjects of their oppression, the Chron
icle will always be found fighting among
the ranks of the weaker party. More
than this we cannot do and more than
this no man should ask. ' .- :
Some persons don't need the bread
they knead half as much as those who
don't knead it.
CROr-WKATHKR KriXSTIN. NO, 11.
r'.'i . i
Oregon U'kathkb Bcbkab,),
Central Office,' Portland, Oreon. '- f
WfcSTKKN OREGON WRATH KB. ''
The temperature has steadily risen,
ranging from 40 to 85 degrees. ' There
has been absolutely no rainfall, and the
weather . has been generally cloudless.
Light frosts on the 17th and 18th are re
ported from many sections. Fresh to
brisk winds have prevailed, which dried
out the soil.
' CROPS. ''
..All vegetation has had. excellent
growth during the ' week. The weather
conditions were favorable to all crops.
Winter wheat never promised better in
Yamhill county ; it began heading ; on
the 22d.. Early sown spring grain is ten
inches high. AtLanglois, Curry county,
rye is seven feet high and heading.
Potato acreage increased in Washington
and Clackamas counties. In these
counties and in Yamhill the number of
hop yards have also been increasgd and
lice are apparent. The hay crop will be
unusually large, especially in Columbia
county. Considerable buckwheat has
been sown in Clackamas. The prune
crop has been somewhat blighted and
not more than an average yield is ex
pected. Cherries have been somewhat
injured by blight and frost. Peach trees
are affected with Might in sections of
Benton county. Strawberries are ripen
ing rapidly in most sections. Jackson,
Josephine and Douglas counties have
excellent prospects for grain and fruit.
The surface soil is becoming dusty and
clay soils hard. Showers would be wel
come and beneficial. The week closes
with continued excellent crop prospects.
EASTERN OREGON WEATHER.
Warmer, cloudless and dry weather
prevailed. The showers on the 15th and
16th were of great benefit, but did not
cover the entire sections. Snow fell in
Baker county in the mountains on the
16th. Frosts have been reiorted from
the more elevated sections. The winds
have been fresh to brisk.
Fall and early sown wheat continues
to thrive and do well. In sections it is
filling. Late sown spring grain is gen
erally poor, much of it failed to germi
nate on account of lack of moisture. The
continued relatively cool temperature
has been of great benefit to the wheat
crop. Strawberries are ripening rapidly
in Wasco county. r Vegetables are plenti
ful in many sections. ' Fruit trees are
thriving and doing welL '; Rain is badly
needed, though the week, closes.. with
prospects for more than - an "average
wheat crop. Wool is being hauled to
warehouses, and many head of cattle are
being shipped. . The grass is quite good
and cattle are generally 'in very good
condition. Good general showers with
in ten days will increase wheat outputs
tuny zu per cent. , u. s. Jtagtje,
Observer U. 8. Signal Service.
:r.: .,je Seeka T Position- '' ' '
At a recent .meeting of the California
Boaid of Prison Directors, the following
epistle was read 5 - '
" Delano, Kern county, Cal.', April' "26,
1891. Honerbal Bord of Prison Direeter:
ibere frum the papers thet' all men-'who
dose a murder air. to be hu ng in strait
prisen and as most .oncers think it onery
bisnes to hang pep-pel i herewith apply
to you fur the job i will hang- every man
you tell tne too fur $8 dolers apiece i once
helped too " linch a man- in minisotyit
was me thet tide the not so i no how too
do it my dady has sowered on me and
wont help me ony mor becas i wodent
mary wimen he wanted me to mary an i
maryed a pirt lookin girl thet is hansum
and we now have a lot of children to sap
port. She will doe to search the wlrain
prisioners as they cant- hide envthing
frum her we go in the best siciety her an
you will help an onst family by given me
the gob anser this quick and h'ave no red
tape about it i dont drink liker nur have
no bad habbits an i go tochirch ever son
day rite qufck Your onerable survent
John O. Sidneb.
If it be true as reported that President
Harrison's late trip cost him a round
$25,000 or half a year's salary, Which he
refuses to allow the nation to pay. we
have only to say that we admire his
spunk and wonder how those editors now
feel who have been printing pathetic
tales about the "$50,000" the dear people
would have to put up in the way of taxes
to give the president an opportunity to
strengthen his chances for a second
FRED DRE01 & GO.
- ; ; Hare flitted up a first-class
Barber Shop .
At 102 Second Street, next door to
Freeman's- Boot and Shoe store. 1
HOT and COLD BATHS.
None but the best artists -employed.
- Do Not. Forget the Place.
- --- . . . ..-it , -
A i Good - Business
County Right For Sale.
On Exhibition at FISH -i BARDON'8.
t) f ci it if is now running a steam
t. U. EVilfO Ferry between Hood
River and White Salmon. Charges
reasonable. k. . tvans, Prop.
ART OF PRIMITIVE lEt.' L
. " -''
Twm TtIly DtetineV1ACTBa
- Whoever haaf.exarnined jhe handicraft
af savage peoples Jn&wvell' that from
very early age"'tWoj.ta.-.jUsptt
types of art arise.spontaneorisly.ainoTig
uncultured races; ' 'One ;is Smitative.'the '
other decorative."' Paleolithic "men f or
example, the cave dwellers of prehistoric
.Europe before the glacial epoch had an
art, of their own of a purely imitative
ndL jilctoriaj cJtiaracter...They repre
tented on fragments of bone and mam
moth, ivory "realistic scenes of their ' own
bunting existence ; - , v! .' j J
"' Here, a naked "and hairy brave,1 flint
spear in hand, stalks wild horses undis
mayed in the grassy plain; there, a cou
ple of reindeer engaged in a desperate
fight with their, antlers hard locked in
deadly embrace; yonder, again, a mam
moth charges nn wieldly -with wide open
month, or a snake glides unseen beneath
the shoeless feet of an unsuspecting sav
age. 1 All their rude works of art repro
duce living objects, and tell, in their
naive way, a distinct story. They are
pictorial records of things done, things
seen, things suffered.
Paleolithic men were essentially
draughtsmen, not decorators. But their
neolithic successors, of a totally different
race the- herdsmen who supplanted
them in post glacial Euroe had an art
of an entirely dilf erent type, purely and
solely decorative.' Instead of making
pictures they drew concentric circles
and ornamental curves on their boats
and dwellings: they adorned their weap
ons and their implements with knobs
and nicks, with crosses and bosses; they
wrought beautiful patterns in metal
work as soon as ever they advanced to
the bronze using stage, and jthey de
signed brooches and bracelets of ex
quisite elegance, but they seldom intro
duced into their craft any living object;
they imitated nothing, aqd they never
in any way told a pictorial story.
Now these two types of art the essen
tially imitative or pictorial and the es
sentially decorative or uesthetic persist ,
throughout in various human races, and
often. .remain as entirely distinct as in
the typical instances, here quoted. ..The
great aim of the one is to narrate a fact;
the great aim of the other is to produce
a beautiful object. The first is to speak
historical, the second ornamental.
In developed forms yon get the-extreme
case of the one in . the galleries. at
Versailles;, yon get the extreme case of
the other in i the .Alhambra at, Granada.
The .modern.. Esquimau and the modern
Bushman resemble the ancient cave
dwellers in their love of purely pictorial
'or ' story telling art: a ' man in a kayak
harpooning -a -whale; -a man' with an
assegai spearing a springbok;., these are
the. subjects .that engage I will not say
.their -pencils .r-r m their . sharp flint
knives or their.lnmpa of red ocherl,
un me omer nana, most central , Af
rican races have ut imitative skill.' They
draw figures and animals ill or not at alL
;b.Dli they jprodnce decorative pottery and
Other, ornamental objects, . which, j would
f. , eraiiues,, anq.oe
.'well placed at the arts and crafts in the
new gallery. ' Everywhere racial taste
and racial faculty 'tend most in the one
oi" the other direction.' : A tribe, a horde,
a nation,, is pictorial, or else, .it is deco
rative. - Barely, or never is it both alike
in an equal , degree of native excellence.
Fortnightly Review.. ,
A n . Artiat Fooled.
Irving Montagu writes in "Wander
mgs of a War. .Artist .'Ono evening I
met .two .very fascinating, Spanish, girls
in a quiet quarter of. "run.- one of whom,
being a. blonde, was enveloped in a white
mantilla. It being, customary on meet
ing a white mantilla to extend her some
what similar homage to that ! paid to
royalty, I raised my hat, and stepped-on
one side to alio w : the couple to pass,
when, in doing so,. I saw to my,.borror,
by the light of the moon,' that they were
followed closely by a grim and grotesque
reptile, ' half lizard,' half frog, ' which
witli a series of ' spasmodic : bounds, was
making directly for their heels. : .Oh, the
.horrid; beast,, the . indescribable . mon
strosity I . To rush forward and trample
on the pneanny thing was the work of a
.moment,', , i
.;, "I 'was d confounded; : 'my exploit of
heroism, far from inducing the gratitude
I expected, was immediately followed by
roars of laughter, the merry ring,; of
which reverberated on the still night
air. 'Unconscionable fool' does not ex
press the littleness I felt as I was sub
jected to the ridicule of those .wily dam
sels, and if a man is capable of that be
coming peculiarity, I must have blushed
scarlet. I had.. trodden on El drap a
piece of cloth cut into the semblance' of
some monstrous lizard, and attached by
a thread to the skirt of the 'maiden,' so
that, by -certain dexterous . movements
and; hitches ,it could be made., to. leap
after, her . as she hurried, along. ' It was
the Basque equivalent for the old English
jokes practiced on the 1st of April."
,Vy.f! (Great Expectastlona. . ... f
Miaa . Lawson Tom . Lackland will be
a great catch now.
, Mr. 'Argent Why? He hasn't any
money. ' '"' ' ;'' ?'"''' rti .. i
''".Miss Lawson Tea, but helt be worth
a million -Boon. ' His tmcle died yester
day. . . " -;. .i .1 v., :. I . .
Mr. D' Argent I thought the old gen
tleman never liked Tom. ' ' -'' .
MIms Lawson He didn't." That's just
it He left the whole of his fortune to
found a free library. Kate Field's
Washington. . ,'. '
"They ' have queer laws but in Missouri."-'-
V':i' , .. A 't. 1.::
"In what way are they queer!" ;
"iere s an account oi the arrest oi a
man for breaking a horse's gait." Mnu
Aftor the Arrival of the Mew Baby.
Mama Johnny, why don't you come
in to see mama when she's sick? Don't
you love me any more? ;
Johnny Oh, yes, mama; but I didn't
know but perhaps it iu:ht be catching.
S. L YOUNG,
- oamr to K. HECK.,
' v'- -Ji t.:
SILVERWARE, :-: ETC
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Repaired and Warranted.
165 Secor.-.l St.. The Dalles, Or.
SOI.K AOKNT KK THE
All Watch Work! Warranted.
Jewelry Made to Order.
I3H Second St., Th Iallea, Or. i
PRINZ & NITSCHKE,
And be Satisfied as to
QUALITY AND PRICES.
R- B. Hoob,
- . k -
H orsesj. f Sought atuft Sold on
... Commission and Money
Advanced on Horses
left For Sale.
01 CiJ-OFricEldJP OA i'
The Dalles and Goldendale Stage Line.
Stage Xaves The Dulles every morning
. ,ow kuu uvuucuuitiQ ul x:au. All .
. freight mut be. left at R. B.
Hood's office the evening
R. B. HOOD, Proprietor.
, .COLUMBIA , o :;,
Qaf7dyj.:rji pa e to cy ,
W. S. CRAM, Proprietor.
(Successor to Cram & Carson.) - -
- Manufacturer of the finest French-and
' ; Home Made-
G -A. UST ID T IE s
. East of Portland.
Tropical Fruits, Nuts,Xigars and Tobacco.
:'r.,.-. ! j . . ... .
Can furnish any of these goods at Wboleaala
' 'In Every Stjle.'
1,04 Second Street. The Dalles, Or.
Third Street, Opera Block.
' Madison's Latest System, ,
- Used in cutting garments, and a fit
guaranteed each time. .......
Repairing, and Cleaning
. Neatly and Quickly Done.
The Dalles Mercantile Co.,
' 4 a?- i I i: 4 m -
Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, etc.
r t Provisionsr - .-: : Flour, Bacon, "
HAY, GRAIN AND PRODUCE
Of all Kinds at Lowest Market Rates.
Free Delivery to Boat and Curs and all parts of t lie City.
1 . 39Q and 394-Second Street
We are NOW OPENING a full line of
Black and Colore! Henrietta Cloms, Sateens, Gin&lais and Calico,
and a large stock of Plain, Embroidered and Plaided
: Swiss and
in Black and White, for
a. j ju Uiil VLm V7T
JHen's and Boy's Spring and Summer Clothing, Heekmear and Hosierv.
Over Slxlrtai. tTndemv . 3
-ALSO A FULL LINE OF-
A Splendid Line of Felt and Straw Hats.
We also call your attention to our line of Ladies' and Children's Shoes and to
the big line of Men's and Boy's Boots and Shoes and Slippers, and plenty of other
Goods to be sold at prices to suit the times.
. Next Door to The Dalles National Bank.
NEW FIRM! -; NEW STORE
foseoe 8t Gibons,
- ' -, 1.
r DKALERS IN-
V STAPLE V AND,:'; FANCYV
Canned Goods, Preserves, Pickles, Etc
Country Produce. Bought and Sold.
Goods delivered Free to any part of the City.
Masonic Block, Corner Third and
v Has Opened a
f ?-;.-f.f i
' ,- ; -f-, -v - ';
In Connection With his Fruit Stand
lil yrt and Will Serve
Hot Coffee, Ham Sandwich, Pigs' Feet,
and Fresh Oysters.
Convenient to the Passenger
... ' Depot.
On Second St., near corner of Madison.
Branch Bakery, California
Orange Cider, Snd the
Best Apple .Cider. -
If you want a good lunch, give me a call.
Open all Night . , . .
e: tt' y - -r. i-i . v. . i -
The Ladies' Tailor
School of Dress Cutting
AT-' ij:.' vMi-,
Mrs. Brown's JDressmatiis; Parlors,
Cor. Fourth and Union Sta.,
The Dalles, 0r.;. ,
' ' Bach 1 'scholar can bring in her own
dress and is taught to cut, baste and fin
.They, are also taught to cut the seam
less waist, dartless basque, French bias
darts and most every form of sleeve.
""Ih-'the dressmaking department I
keep only competent help.
i Dress Cutting a Specialty.
124 UNION ST., THE DALLES, OR.
' Keeps on hand a full line of
- I MEN'S AND YOUTH'S;
Ready - Made Clothing.
Pants and Suits
MADE TO ORDER v
.On Reasonable Terms.
Call and see my Goods before
H. Glenn has lemoved his
office and the office of the
Electric Light Co. to 72
Washington St. v
aM 'Fancy -Dry Goods,
Ladies' and Misses' wear.
M . I " -. ii- : ii .'i a
Court Streets. The Dalles, Oregon.
J. M. HUNTINGTON & CO.
; ta i -is' ta '' !-i:rr:
Real Estate and -.
Abstracts of. and Information Concern-
ing Land Titles on Short Notice, ,-k
Land for Sale and Houses to Rent
, Parties Looking for, Homes in .
COUNTRY OR CITY,
,PIN SEARCH OF; ,
Should Call on or Write to us.
, . , , ; Agents for a FulJ Line of,;."' ' "
Lealii fire Insurance Companies.
And Will Write Insurance for
on all ; '
Correspondence Solicited. All Letters
Promptly Answered. Call on or
4 Address,' . i
' J. M.: HUNTINGTON & CO.
Opera House Block, The Dalles, Or.
C. N. THORNBURY, ; T. A. HUDSON,
Late Rec. Ul. S. tand Office. -:; Notary .PubUc
THOpBDBY & jfl!DS0)(,
ROOMS 8 "and 9 LAND OFFICE BUILDING,
i PoHtnfflcc Box :i -
THE DALLES, OR.
And all other Easiness in the U. S. Land Office
Promptly Attended to.
- We have ordered. Blanks lor Filings,
Entries and the purchase of Railroad
Lands under the recent Forfeiture Act,
which we will have, and advise the pub
lic at the earliest date when such entries
can be made. Look ' for ' advertisement
in this paper. .. ,., ., . .
- Thornhurv & Hudson.
... $50p , Reward
We will pay the above reward for any case of
Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Sick Headache, la
digestion, Constipation or Costiveness we cannot
cure with West'a vegetable Liver Pilla, when the
directions are strictly complied with. They are
purely vegetable, and never fail to give satisfac
tion. Sugar Coated. " Large boxes containing 80
Pills, 25 cents. Beware of counterfeits and imi
tations. The genuine manufactured only by
THE JOHN C, WFST COMPANY, CHIGAGO,
lift Second St. Tka Dulles, Or.
I ' . . '