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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (May 15, 1891)
The Dalles Daily Chronicle.
Entered at the Postofflcent The' Dallon, Oregon,
as second-class matter.
Governor S. Pennoyer
Secretary of State. G. W. McRride
Treasurer Phillip Metschan
fiupt. of Public Instruction E. B. Mi'Elroy
' Congressman i B. Hermann
State Printer Frank Baker
County Judge. C. N. Thornbnry
Sheriff I). L Cates
Clerk J. B. Croasen
: Treasurer - Geo. Ruch
Assessor. ... .John E. Barnett
Surveyor.' E. F. Sharp
Superintendent of Public Schools. . .Troy Shelley
Coroner William Michel!
The Chronicle is the Only Paper in
The Dalles that Receives the Associated
- Press Dispatches.
SHARP NEWSPAPER WORK.
A good piece of newspaper engineering
has been successfully carried out by the
Oregonian. Some time ago $100,(100 was
raised an a bonus for a democratic paper
in Portland. - Just as soon as it looked
as if the movement for a new paper was
really being made in earnest the Oregon
ian made arrangements with Captain
.Moffett, of St. Paul, to take the Teleqram
which was owned by the big daily and
with it fell a long felt want in the way of
a democratic organ. Under the new
management ,the Telegram was made' a
bright and readable and thoroughly
democratic paper, and the readers of that
.faith found that they were favored with
a paper that voiced their sentiments and
.the aforesaid readers were not asked to
contribute a . fund . to establish , a daily
paper. Captain Moffett gave them with
out money and without price what they
would have had to have paid $100,000 for
and naturally those who had subscribed
to the fund began to withdraw their
subscriptions, and though a few sore
' heads keep threatening to start a big
daily it does not scare the Oregonian a
particle. . It has played its cards to win
and has done so. - It has been the means
of making a good paper out of the Tele
gram and scaring a rival out of the field
a.nd Scott and Pittock he long and
..short of it have reason to congratulate
themselves oo the success of the brightest
piece of journalism they have ever yet
. , CONDITION OF THE U. P. ,
. "' - i "" TTTT. v.i ! .; .
m -.The report. . of- Jesse. Spaulding, -.- the
government director of the Union Pacific
railway company, is interesting. He has
just finished an inspection tour of Oregon
and Washington. After lengthy eulogistic
remarks regarding our resources, etc., he
"I have dwelt upon the Pacific north
west thus far because I would like- to
have you share in my opinion that what
ever attention can be paid to that section
.will be well bestowed.., I do not think it
can receive any too much of your thought.
The cities of the Columbia and Puget
sound district are certainly to become
points of vast importance . in the .near
future. The Oregon lines were lot in
highest condition when I passed over
them, but the local managers were exert
ing themselves to bring thein up to the
standard. These lines had only recently
fallen into the possession of the ' Union
Pacific company ; they had been allowed
to run down for several years, and the
roadbed, ties, rails, bridges and viaducts
All required careful and constant atten
tion. Over 80,000 new ties had been
Jaid up to the time I passed over the Ore
gon lines ; the old bridges in many in
stances, had been replaced by new and
substantial ones; new culverts were be
ing put in ; repairs were kept up, and I
noticed, with a great deal of satisfaction,
that the criticisms of the patrons of the
Toad were less severe when I left Oregon
than when I first entered it. This was
mainly due to the fact that a special
committee of the legislature, after mak
ing a thorough inspection of the line, had
reported its condition to be much im
proved and safe. Yet it was far from
what it should have been, and far from
what its patrons in western Oregon are
entitled to' in view' of the constant grow
ing importance of the traffic which it is
intended to accommodate. Western
Oregon and Washington points are en
titled to as perfect a railway service as
any service as any section of the country
now." " '..-' . ,;
The Moscow", XJazette speaks with re
spectful spmpathy of American claims in
the- Behring sea, and says that it ' is
time that England was taught that the
possession, of a powerful' fleet' does not
entitle her to treat every bit of open sea
as her peculiar property. The Gazette
proposes that America" and Russia settle
the question without reference to Eng
land. ' ' '
The Hunt System.
. ' The Telegram gives a history of G; W.
Hunt and Lis system of railroads, which
shows that he is a regular bull in a
china shop, bo far as railroad building is
concerned. His great "system" began
nowhere, and ended nowhere. He knew
enough to ring in people all along the
line, in aid of his scheme, and even man
aged to work Portland for a couple of
millions, but when real railroad men
got a swipe at him, the bottom fell out of
the thing, and the great "Hunt system"
of railroads instantly collapsed.
THE SINOI.B TAT
An Advocate Tells How it Will Benefit
' the1Fsrine.r.t : , ,
Poktlasd, May 12. To the Editor; of
the Oregonian-Yom. issue " of .May" 7
contains an extract from The Dalles
Chkoniclk headed A Question for
Single Tax Men," which several Individ
uala have shown to me as an unanswer
able challenge of the merits claimed for
the single tax. it all trie property-in
Wasco county is aseessed at $2,500,000
and $62,500 is collected, by an assessment
or both real and nersonal nrooertv. the
same amount can be collected through a
single tax on land. To illustrate: The
assessor might say to the editor of the
Chkoniclb : "1 want a poll tax of SI
from you ; I want $10 from your suit of
clothes worth $50 and $20 from your
purse, worth $100." In this instance
the editor would pay $31 . in taxes,
assessed on and collected from three dif
ferent objects.- A single tax of $31 could
be collected as a poll tax, or a single tax
of $31 could be collected from the suit of
clothes or a single tax of $31 could be col
lected from the purse. If the editor can
pay $31 tax, it would be more economi
cal for him to have a single assessment
and a single collection instead of a. dual
or triple, for the reason that there would
be less bookkeeping and less clerk hire
for all of which the taxpayer is bound
to pay., bo, it a man own a lot on which
is a house filled with furniture, his taxes
can be paid in one lump by an assess
ment on his lot and lie will save time
and money in having but a single assess
ment ana a single lax. .
No single-tax advocate . has claimed
that the tax would be reduced on "farm
ers and land-holders." They do claim
that the farmer wonld pay, less taxes,
but he is not the principal land-holder.
Thev claim that the taxes on valuable
town and city land would be increased,
and so would taxes on valuable timber,
mineral and water-power land. But.
mark you, the farmer is a different kind
of land-holder. The city land-holder,
under our present system, would, be
benefitted by a. certain kind of single
tax, which required him to pay all his
taxes state,' county, city and school at
one time, at one place, and in one sum.
The reasoning of the Chkokicxe, con
cerning the increase from $2 50 to $4 16
on each $1UU worth of land is based upon
a misapprehension of the single tax
argument. . There is land, I dare say, in
The Dalles, that is, town property, worth
$1000 per acre, that is .assessed at $200
an acre, while tarm land a short dis
tance away from. The Dalles, worth $50
an acre, is assessed at ; $25. In the
former case the assessment is '20 ! per
cent, of real value, in the latter 50 'per
cent. xne irouDie is that tne assess
ments' are' disproportionate to values,
and the single tax "theorist" wants the
land taxed according to its value," i. e. a
land-value tax. ' In this wav the assess
ment in the town will be ' raised, and in
the country lowered; 1 and' thus the
farmer, under the single tax, will pay
tess taxes inau now, oecause the . assess
ments will be equalized. The million
aire must pay: taxes, even it- money is
exempted - from taxation.: If twenty
millionaires were to-move into The
Dalies , it-would certainly increase the
value of land in and about The Dalln
The increase is caused by the presence of
the millionaire. Now, if the land is taxed
according to its value, and the value -is
increased by the millionaire, the million
aire-win De taxed, though you don't col
lect -1 cent i from money -as money.
Horses brought to The Dalles will . in
crease the value of land because horses
consume, oats and i ream re attention.
which employ labor, and labor adds to
population, and population increases the
value of land. No money, no horses, no
horses no laborer and oats, no oats, no
farmer and thus we go on. The very
fact that Wasco county has $1 ,500,000 of
assessame real property is because a cer
tain number of men, horses, dollars, etc.,
are congregated in the county. . Let
these men, horses, dollars, etc., be taken
away from the county and the $1,500,000
of realty will dwindle down ,to nothing.
As a matter of fac? the landowner should
be willing to pay all the tax, because a
tax, like a tine, keeps away manufactor
ies, improvements, etc., and. the pres
ence of these always increases the value
of land a conclusion arrived at by one
of the largest land owners of Pennsyl
vania, who advocates the single tax for
the reason that under it his land would
be more valuable. -
No single-tax advocate will attempt to
raise $b2,o00 from a 25-null lew i on
$1,500,000 worth of real estate, but he
probably will raise the real estate assess
ment above $2,500,00 and get the $62,500
on even a lower assessment. 1 But this
would thin out some of the mossbacks
who own valuable property , and keep it
unimproved because of the low assess
ment placed upon it. The house-builder,
th manufacturer, the . merchant, the
business man and laborer all contribute
to enrich the same rich moss back and
pay his taxes too. -The measure of the
mossback's . wealth, and of . the . lnH
speculator's, too, is merely the . measure
of taxes they are able to shoulder, under
a bad system, upon the real wealth pro
ducer, who builds towns and cities, and
uiaK.es me country what it is, bad as
that may be. , , , u J, P.. Kobub.. '
The following statement from Mr. W.
Bi Denny, well known dairyman of
New Lexington, Ohio, will be of interest
to persons troubled , with "Rheumatism.
He says :. f'l have 1 used Chamberlain's
Pain' Balm for- nearly two- years, four
bottles in all, and there is nothine I havn
ever used that gave me as much relief
lor rheumatism. We always keep a bot
tle of it in the house." For sale by
Snipes & Kinersly. :--! .
Irate father T nA-vor cava m-v fatho
impudence when I' wasa 'bov. Son
MayDe your lather didn't need it; - I
AH the open- street-cars at this season
are grip-cars. .;,. -i . .'.:..
: REMOVAL NOTICE.
FHED DREttl & CO.
. !- .: i : ri --
' Have Bitted up a first-class
AND: - .
At 102 Second Street, next door to
Freeman's Boot and Shoe store. ,
HOT and COLD BATHS.
None but the best artists employed.
Do Not Forget the Place.
Ground, cork and wari'other barkp,
and the sawdn lf tl ;.sof twodsta
well as the charcoal -.mads of-these sub-
' stances, are very good retainers xif baV
Lampblarfc alao-works, well, VWhen the
thing to be kepthot h y at. erjr igh
temperature, some Ugt; inoom boetible
powders are very suitable. Among the
best of these are fossil, meal and the cal
cined magnesia And magnesium carbon-,
ate of the druggists. Fossil meal con
sista'TifTthe 'slliciOQB" skeletons of micro
scopic .vegetables,., called, diatoms, , ex
ceedingly .various ,in shape and size, the
very largest of them hardly reaching the
length of the hundredth of an inch. It
is found abundantly in some peat mead
ows and in the bottoms of ponds. Both
fossil meal, and magnesium carbonate
have been largely used in covering steam
pipes. - l v.-. o"v.; ,...' :.
Obviously, when the same, light sub
stance is tried in both the first and sec
ond apparatus above mentioned, and the
results differ, it must be owing to the in
ability of the substance to hold the in
cluded air still in the first arrangement.
So powdered plumbago or black lead,
which is very slippery, shows nearly
twice as much transmissive power in one
case as in the other. Loosened asbestos
fiber also lets through about twice as
much heat in the vertical arrangement
as in the horizontal. . Yet this fiber may
be split np exceedingly fine, but the great
difference in its behavior as compared
with cotton or "wool must be owing much
less to its own greater specific conduct
ing power than to the smoothness and
inelasticity of its fibers. Professor John
M. Ordway in Popular Science Monthly.
- The- Handkerchief In Frame.
Lace was used to ornament handker
chiefs in France as early as 1634. In
W48 they were embroidered and had tas
sels at each of the four corners. In the
time of the Directory, that period of
fashionable eccentricity, they underwent
many vagaries. Those ladies Who did
not care to wear the pocket attached to.
the girdle and wished to have the hands
at liberty tucked the fan into , the belt,
slid the purse into the corsage, and had
the handkerchief, carried, by a gallant,
to whom it was necessary to apply when
it happened to be heeded.' If the hand
kerchief "carrier could not be found, or
was insidiously flirting with another wo
man, and the .nose imperatively demand
ed blowing, the case was serious.
aWhen1 the. French, blow - the- nose,- it
should be remembered, it is for all it is
worth.' No one who ; has . not witnessed
the performance could ever believe the
nasal passages possessed of such a spnor-;
Ons quality, and when the' effort is sev
eral times repeated one might easily im
agine himself -' listening ' -to -the- -Angel
Gabriel rehearsing for the last judgment.
The French fashion in this respect is not
to be recklessly imitated like Paris sty 1
in laces, silks and , satins, , fans, dresses,'
bonnets and other .things pertaining to
female attire. San Francisco Chronicle.
. . ... Victims by Thousands..
. Record of great earthquakes fiS a
large' space- in .the world's history, and
instances' where people have perished hy
thousands 'from ' this' cause ' are mourn
fully numerous. ' ' An earthquake -accompanied
by a volcanic -eruption destroyed
the cities of Pompeii : and Herculaneum
and buried most of their inhabitants in
the ruins in the year 79, A. D. - The en
tire world was shaken from pinnacle to
foundation stone in the year 543. In 557
Constantinople suffered terribly from an
earthquake, which: killed ; thousands: of
its inhabitants. -In 742 an awful shock
visited China, India, Persia and Palestine,
killing hundreds of thousands of human
beings, besides beasts beyond calculation.
' In 1158, 20,000 person perished from an
earthquake shock in Syria alone s in 1268,
60,000 were killed or buried, alive in
Cilicia. In 1456, 40,000 were killed dn
Naples. In -1531 - Lisbon, Portugal, had
her first great shock that which killed
80,000 people. In 1626 Naples was again
visited and had 70,000 of her people taken
wbTu by - the earthquake demon. The
next year the SchamaJa was constantly
rocked by earthquakes for three months.
during which time 80,000 persons were
killed. St. Louis Bepublic ' " 1 ' ' "
A Difference in Bojs.--'. '.- ...
There is a vast difference between the
ways and ideas 'of amusement of the
small boy -uptown and the small boy
downtown who makes his living by sell
ing papers, shining muddy boots or be
ing messenger. - For instance, the down
town newsboy scorns to throw snowballs
as' a usual ' thnnri " He will' shake dice.
match" coppers or smoke cigarettes and
discuss some melodrama playinjr in "his
favorite - Bowery theatre, but he abso
lutely declines to throw snowballs. - On
the other hand, his more innocent broth
er seven or eight . miles higher up on the
island still chngs to' the "good old fash
ioned sport of "pasting" everything and
everybody- with a -BnowbalL -- That's all
association, of oourse.-r-New.Tork.Trib-une.
Borrowed' Skates 8aved 3Hr. Flower's Idle.
''Like all boys, I had my trials and vi-
cissitndes,": said ;Mr BosweU-P. flower.
While skating one day. I- slid into .an
airhole - I would have drowned had not
my companion; at ' considerable ' risk to
himself, succeeded in' reBc'ulng me after
several attempts, daring which he was
more than once, on the : porat of sliding
in with me,: -When we reached the vil
lage he tried to say that he could not
have pulled me out if he had had his
skates on, but what he eventually did
say was that he would have let me sink
if I had not had his skates on." Epoch.
S'V ''tstgi f 'Crabi and Inhstera. ?;
'Crabs and lobsters are -hatched from
eggs, resembling upon birth nothing so
much as the animalmlsa. shown by the
microscope, in a drop of ditch water.
They are as unlike the shellfish they are
to become in mature life as a grub is urn-,
like a butterfly, ; In the case of the crab
the egg clusters are attached beneath
the' animal after extrusion, while with
the lobster they become fastened to - the
tail,' which, by its fanning motion; in
creases the stream of oxygenated air
through and among the ova. Washing
S. L. YOUNG,
(itceor to K. KKCK.,
Jewelry. Diamond's;" '
SIIiVERWARE, :-: ETC
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Repaired and Warranted.
165 Second St.. Tlu Dalles,
W. E. GARRETSON,
SOLE AGENT FOR THE
All Watch Work; Warranted. J
Jewelry Made to Order.
; x . .
158 Second St., The Dmlleft, Or.
Carpels and Furniture,
PRINZ & NITSCHKE,
And be Satisfied as to
QUALITY AND PRICES.
R. B. Hood,
Livery, Feed and Sale
Horsei "'Bought and Sold on
Commission and Money
Advanced on Horses
left For- Sale.
The Dalles and Goldendale' Stage Line.
Stage Leaves The' Dalles every- moraine
st 7:80 and Goldendale at 7:30. All
freight must be left at R. B.
Hood's office the evening
, R. B. HOOD, Proprietor.
COLU M BI A s
r)dyv feto ry ,
W. S. CRAM, Proprietor.
(Sucwssor to qrami Corson.) '
. . Manufacturer of the finest French and
.t... Eastof Portland. -! '
cn f""11811 yof these goods at Wholesale
IB Every Style,. f:.::.:;
104 Second Street, The Dallea, Or.
? John PaShek.
iJ-ia i im.u lfi in - 'nrx-j
; ' Third Street, Opera Block. : , '
Madison's Latest System,
'' Used in cutting garments,, and a fit
guaranteed each tune. ,
Repairing and Cleaning
Neatly and Quickly Done.
We are3 IsfdW OPENING a fairiihe of
' .tv : i t - -
- ; V J ' miitiii ic ui
Blact; anfl Colored Henrietta - Cloini;Sateeni;(riiikltTffls and Caliea.
-' and a large stock of Plain,
: Swiss and
in Black and White, for
-ALSO A FULL LINK OK-
fllen's and Boy's Spring and Sammer Clothing, KeekmeaF and HosieKV
Over Sliix-ts, TJndorwear, Etc. 1
A Splendid Line of Felt and traw Wats' c,rtf " i i
','T :". X "
We also call your attention to our line of Ladies' and Children's Shoes arid.
Next Door to The Dalles National Bank. -XTEW
FIRM! ' " a ! ' 1STEW STORE
losGoe & Gibons,
V STAPLEV AND
Canned Goods, Preserves, Pickles, Etc.
Country Produce. Bought and
Masonic Block, Corner Third and
The Dalles JVIereantile Co.,
Successors to BROOKS
Gents' Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes,
H AR D
TS9o ahd 394 Second Street ' 1
' ' ' f " ' f f r. ; .....
Remember we deliver all purchases Vithput chargel ,
I.C. NICKELS EN,
Stationery, ; nonaiw Watches, Jemelry.
Cor of Third and fasnincton Sts, The Dalles, Oreion.
- Has Opened a
l ' r Y : : r ' ,-
In Connection WithChis Pruit Stand:
and Will Serve -
Hot Coffee, Ham "Sandwich,: Pigs' Feet,
and Fresh Oysters.
Convenient to the Passenger
On Second St., near corner of Madison.
' Also a
Branch Bakery, California
Orange Cider, and the
Best Apple Cider.
If you want a good lunch, give me a call.
" Open all Night '
C. N. TIlOBIilBDRIf f f "Mf. . A.HtHJsfoN.
r -..-r-r v - . It V
Late Bee XI. 8. Land Office: :., Notary Pnblic
ROOMS 8 nnd Sf 11XD OFFICE BUILDING,
FostofHce Box 388.
if 1 ;TH E DA LLES, O R.
' -i.'Jsr-iX'i !.).. vent-1." o,it- hlv'-:
And all other Business is the D. S. Land Offiee
; :; ' Promptly Attended. to,;'..;
We have ordered -Blanks, for. Filings,
Entries and the purchase : of Railroad
Lands under the recent Forfeiture Act,
which we will have, and advise the pub--lie
at the earliest date when such entries
can be made. Look for advertisement
in this paper. -
Thornburv & Hudson.
H. Glenn has lemoved his
office and the office of the
Electric Light Co. to 72
Washington v St.
Embroidered and Flalded
Ladies' and Misses' wear.
. (roods delivered Free to any part of the City.
Court Streets. The Dalles, Oregon.
BEERS, Dealers in
Hay, Grain and Peed.
OrgarPianos, " :
J. M. HUNTINGTON & CO.
Real Estate and
Abstracts of, and Information Concern- ;
ing Land Titles on Short Notice.
Land for Sale and Houses to Rent
Parties Looking for Homes in
COUNTRY OR CITY,
' OR IN SEARCH OF "'-.:
Bniqe Location, )
Should Call en or Write to us.
- Agents for a Full Line of
Leaflina Fire Insurance Coinpairies,
And Will Write Insurance for ' !
.on all.,: , v -' '
DEarBABTaTS EISKa. v
Correspondence Solicited. Alii Letters
. Promptly Answered. Call on or
J. M. HUNTLNGTON & CO.
Opera House Block, - The Dalles, Or.
We will pay the above reward for any case of
Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia, Sick Headache, I
dliresnon, ConstlTjadon m Cnativenna m mnnnt
' irj .11..
cure with West's VnnttahlA 1 1 pnru whn th.
directions are strictly complied with. They are ;
Suicijt ycgButuie, ana never tall 10 give saosiac
on. Sugar Coated. Large boxes containing 80
i-iiis, zo cents, lieware of counterfeits ana Imi
tations. The genuine manufactured only by
THE JOHN C. WF8T COMPANY, CHICAGO, -
BLAKILEY A HOUGHTON, '
175 Seeond St. The Ialles, Or. .
' ' DISSOLUTION NOTICE. .U
THE PARTNERSHIP OP BILLS S WHYER8
. is this day dissolved by mutual consent
The business will in the future be conducted by .
N. B. W'hyers who will pay and collect all part
nership debts. O. C. Biua.
Dated April 14th, 1091. B. Whiiu