The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948, April 30, 1891, Page 4, Image 4

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Jk. Tonne Washington Womu Telia About
Her Sneeea In Cultivating Rosea and
Violets They Require Little Labor
ajftd Rrlna Iare;e Returns.
"Flower culture in a small way can be
made) to pay even by an amateur who
chooses to pursue it in a pai2istaking and
intelligent way," said a young woman.
""Five years ago I bought a little farm
near Auacostiu, called it 'Rosa Acres,'
and started in merely for amusement's
sake with a few rose bushes and some
other plants. I love flowers dearly, and
the labor I expended upon them was well
repaid bv the pleasure of it, but after a
while I found that it would produce
money also. So I planted more and
more, until at present I have between
three and four thonsand rose bushes of
' the choicest varieties. A skilled gar
dener told me the other day that my col
lection of hybrid perpetuals is probably
the finest in this country. On the d.iy
before Decoration Day I picked and sold
6,000 roses from my own place.
I am extravagantly fond of roses,
hut violets are more profitable. On the
day before Christmas I picked and sold
3,200 violets lit two cents apiece; that is
$64 worth. They were worth the high
est price then, but they never bring less
than one cent apiece. To raise them is
quite easy. I have 830 glass sashes un
der which the violets bloom all winter
lan?. In Mav I have a lot of fresh
ground plowed and prepared, and in it I
plant all my violets, taken from beneath
the sashes for the purpose. Then I sim
ply take up the sashes and cover the
newly planted violets with them and
the work is done. In October they be
gin to bloom, and continue all through
the winter, so that 1 can pick them every
day and send the flpwers to market.
All of my violet plants come from one
little pot that I bought at the Center
market five years ago. They are made
to multiply by dividing the roots, so
that a single plant taken up in the spring
"will supply a score or more. I sell my
flowers by sending them to the florists
in Washington or very often in New
York. Prices are higher in New York,
bo that it usually pays to express
WTCIU 1111.
"There is always a market for flowers
and there is never any difficulty in dis
posing of them. Any florist is glad to
buy them if they are good ones and in
prime condition. Those which I snd
to New York are delivered early the
next morning. I expressed some thith
er originally on speculation and I got
immediate replies praising their quality
and asking for more. The violets must
"'"be picked always in the afternoon, be
cause otherwise they lose their perfume.
Then they must be brought into town
in the evening for shipment.
. "My greatest success is with sweet
pease, which most people do not get
along very well with in this latitude. I
get the very finest possible seed to begin
with. From June to August I pick
' very nearly 4,000 sweet pea blossoms
daily, and they sell for fifty cents a hun
'dred, so that they are really the most
profitable of my flowers. They require
hat little care. I plant the seeds in the
spring in open ground, about four inches
deep, and as the plants grow the earth is
kept hilled up around them. Then pouts
are stuck in along the rows with strings
arranged so tbt the vines are trained
upon them. I had one-sixteenth of an
acre set out with sweet pease, and it
brought in a clear $300 from the sale of
the blooms.
"Another flower I am very successful
with is the single dahlia, which is very
much handsomer than the double
dahlia, you know. I plant the bulbs,
which I propagate myself, the last of
May, and the plants begin to flower
about the last of August, keeping on
until frost. I manage to keep them go
ing for some time later than would
otherwise be possible by lighting firee
on cold nights at the ends of the rows.
In this way I get them over the first
frosty spell, after which there is nsually
a season of quite warm weather, so that
frequently my dahlias are blooming
beautifully up to the end of November.
I try to make the flowers I grow alter
nate, so that when one sort stops bloom
ing another begins. My violets are
flowering from the last of September to
' the end of April; then come the roses
through the summer, and the sweet pease,
with dahlias in the fall and violets again
nntil spring. You can perceive that my
way of growing flowers does not make
necessary any large investment in green
houses or otherwise. Of course there are
some expenses. I have two men to
help me, though one of them I should
have to keep anyway for other purposes.
There is a great deal in the proper pack
ing of flowers for market.
' "For example, violets must be placed
in bunches in pasteboard boxes, with
waxed paper folded loosely around them.
They must not be touched with water,"
because to do so will take away their
sweetness. I consider my own flower
growing enterprise as only begun thus
far; some day I hope to become a' mill
ionaire by selling violets and sweet pease.
At all events there is money in the busi
ness, properly pursued, and more women
ought to go into it." Washington Star.
Can This Be Sof
"Nothing wearies a railroad traveler
more than a straight track," says an old
- railroad man. "Any road with fifty
miles of straight track would be shunned
for one with three or four curves in that
distance. I know legions of people vhc
pat themselves out to go by roads which
wind and curve and give a new bit ol
scenery every few minutes." Detroil
Jfree I'ress.
It is a fact not generally known that
Missouri furnisher better cavalry horse
than any other state in the Union. The
.Missouri horse is sturdy and short back
ed, and is now much in demand by ear
Airy officers.
VTKh tufts of hair warm bronze, within a ease
It rests, this marvel from the antique land
Of pyramid and sphinx, of palm and sand.
An iUoBtration of the dominant race
That swayed the world for centuries, and that
Archives of art and caxaoomba, to stand
Qainst all time's efforts laboring to efface.
These sightless sockets once with love light
This brow commandment over men has beamed.
And with tte intellect may have given tone
To governments, and even touched our owe!
While lips that may have greeted wife and young
Are now with brain that thought, with voice that
Edward 8. Creamer in New York Son.
An Estimate of Carlyle.
"I never knew Carlyle," says the au
thor of "Glances of Great and Little
Men," "except by sight. To tell the
truth, I did not greatly covet his ac
quaintance in those last days of his,
when alone I could have known him.
I was even not without a certain dread
of this roaring apostle' of taciturnity.
Once, however, finding myself sitting
opposite to him in a Chelsea omnibus, I
ventured to address him. I tried the
weather the recognized conversational
aperient but in this case it ailed of its
usual effect. He gav.e no answer, but
sat there, leaning on his staff in brood
ing silence and with introspective eyes,
nntil he reached his destination. When
he had got out, I, affecting not to know
him, asked the conductor who he was.
The latter had touched his hat to him.
" Oh, yessir, I know him well enough.
T3 orfen rides in my 'bus. 'E's wot you
call a littery gent writes books wot no
body can understand.'
"The conductor paused, as if mentally
summing up from his superior ' stand
point the footboard poor Carlyle's
characteristics, and then added, with a
touch, half of pity, half of contempt in
the voice:
" ' 'Es a bit off his chump, like many
of those gents; bnt he ain't a bad sort if
you take him the right way. "
Actors Who Paint. '
Speaking of people who paint, Edward
W. Kemble, the artist, said: "I know
many actors who are artists with the
brush and pencil, and very fair artists at
that. Joseph Jefferson goes in for water
colors. Dixey draws queer caricatures,
and I saw onejf his eccentric drawings
on a Parker house (Boston) bill of fare
only the other day. Louis Harrison, the
comedian, is a rapid draughtsman. Tim
Murphy used to be a house painter in
Washington, so he comes rightly by his
taste for pen and pencil. His dressing
room wherever he may be is covered
with daubs, roughly but effectively done
in grease, paint and crayon. Lotta,
Minnie Mad J em, Madeline Lncette and
Alice King Hamilton draw very neatly.
E. H. Sothern has made sketches which
Dan Frohman considers worthy of hang
ing framed in the lobby of the Lyceum
theatre. George Fawcett Rowe used to
go in for oils. Alexander Salvini, son of
his father, has presented a very neat
water color to Marie Burroughs. New
York Herald.
Work in Lecturing.
A popular lecturer who. has appeared
before big audiences on hundred j of
platforms during the past ten or twelve
years, says that lecturing is the hardest
way of earning a living. The lecturer is
all the time exhausted with travel from
place to place by railroad or steamboat,
or stage coach or other conveyance. He
cannot get solid sleep any time. He
finds himself in uncomfortable quarters
in all sorts of hotels. He cannot get to
bed till nearly midnight after any lect
ure. He is bothered with committees
and agents. He often finds that both the
audience and the receipts are light. The
lecturer here quoted says that he is worn
out down to the bones after a few weeks
of lecturing, and that he never had :is
exhausting work when he was a deck
hand aboard ship as he has had during
the years in which he has been on the
lecture" platform. His nervous system
has been shattered by it. New York
Resistance of the Air to a Locomotive.
- Experiments on the French railways
show that the resistance of the atmos
phere to the motion of highspeed trains
amounts often to half the total resistance.
Two engines, of which the resistance
was measured separately and found to
be 19.8 pounds per ton at thirty-seven
miles per hour, were coupled together
and again tried. The resistance fell to
14.3 pounds per ton. The second engine
was masked by the first. It may be ar
gued from this that . by a suitable adap
tation of the front of a locomotive, elec
trical or otherwise, a saving of from 8 to
10 per cent, of the effective power could
be made. Electrical Review.
Furrows on toe Finger Nail.
Nearly twenty years ago Dr. Wilis di
rected attention to the curious fact that
a transverse furrow always appears on
the nails after a serious illness. Medical
men ignored what they called the vision
ary opinions of Mr. Wilks, giving the
matter but little attention in their med
ical works. Recently a new interest in
the subject has been revived and patho
logical societies have begun an investi
gation. One remarkable case shows nail
furrows caused by three day's seasick
ness. Herald of Health.
If the foot of a fly is put under the
glass of a good microscope it may be
seen how simple is the contrivance that
seems able to defy the laws of gravita
tion. The foot is made up of two pads,
covered with fine short hairs, with a
pair of curved hooks above them. Be
hind "each pad is a tiny bag filled with
clear, liquid gum, the hairs also being
hollow and filled with the same sticky
fluid. . - " .
In applying stimulants to the head a
fair amount should first be used, and
then the quantity increased gradually"
bnt never carried to such an extent that
they are used indiscriminately and re
gardless of consequences.
The accnmnlatkm of electricity gen
erated by the friction of belts in an en
gine room is often a matter of consider
able annoyance. A little steam escaping
tinder the belts is suggested, as a remedy.
Tno Former Tries to Keep Body and Soul
Together with Scarcely More Money
Than the Latter Geta as Pocket Money.
The Cause of the Kvil.
The kitchen and nursery versus the
factory and store question has long en
gaged the attention of women who are
devoting their lives to the improvement
of the material condition of their sisters.
In other words, those philanthropic per
sons are wondering " whether, after all,
the working woman has done a wise
thing by leaving the sphere which was
peculiarly her own, with different sur
roundings, since the days of Adam, and
invading the occupations which are, by
their nature, adapted to men.
Some opinions on this subject have re
cently been given. They came from wo
men who thoroughly understand the ex
isting conditions of life, and their ex
pressions were echoes which are heard
everywhere nowadays. The best friends,
male and female, of the working women
are asking the same question Why do
women put themselves under circum
stances where they may be led to starva
tion or shame when they can readily
avoid both by remaining within their
natural sphere?
The answer given by a leader of the
working women is the only one that cov
ers the question in many cases. It is the
"lady craze. The "saleslady" and the
"factory lady" have an ambition to
eclipse the wives and daughters of their
employers in the matter of dress, and
they see nothing absurd in carrying out
their purpose. And the community seems
to agree with them. :
Careful observers say that in this mat
ter the girls act just the same as . the
young men of the day who crowd one an
other for clerkships, etc., whose pay is
$4 or $5 a week, rather than learn a trade
in which they can earn three or four
times that much. The puny little clerk
and the pale, unhealthy "saleslady" think
they are gentlemen and ladies and would
be horrified if any one offered to intro
duce them to the rosy, healthy servant
girl who has an account at the bank, or
to the robust mechanic who can produce
a larger roll of bills on Saturday evening.
The "lady" who sells handkerchiefs
and toilet boxes during the day for an
income of fifty cents is the other half 'of
the "gentleman" who sells cuffs and col
lars for sixty or seventy cents a day.
They are the natural product of the new
American lady and gentleman craze, and
they never realize just what it means un
less they get married. Then the "gentle
man" clerk wishes he had mated with a
girl in domestic service who knew how
to cook and who had a little money laid
by; and the "lady" regrets that she did
not devote her smiles to a mechanic who
could support her. The police courts and
the divorce courts give the culminations
of these stories every day in the year.
Bnt the purpose of this article is to
give further particulars that enter into
the contrast between the women in do
mestic service and those who have flooded
men's occupations. . According to the
most accurate statistics obtainable, the
wages of servants in this city average, at
the lowest estimate, $15 a month, besides
board, lodging and in many cases all the
clothing needed. Perhaps $3.50 a week
might be fixed as the average money com
pensation of all the women in domestic
Now, according to the statement of
Miss Ida Van Etten, Mrs. Creagh and
Miss Foster, the average wages of work
ing women in stores and factories is, at
the highest estimate, $4 a week.
That is a half dollar difference in
wages, and that half dollar represents,
in a comparison, the board, lodging, etc.,
of the servants. Of course, no woman
can live on fifty cents a week. It takes
her whole $4 to pay for board and lodg
ings if she gives anything like proper
nourishment to her body. So it amounts
to just this: At the end of a week the
servant has $3.50 ty lay by, while the
"saleslady" has not a penny.
As to lodging, the average servant has
her own little room, nicely furnished
and heated in winter. The "saleslady,"
if she boards, has a cold room at the top
of the honse, shared by three or focr
other "unfortunates. The latter works
on an average of ten hours a day, while
in the holiday season she works as much
as sixteen hours, and never does a penny
of extra pay reach her pocket.
The servant has no longer hours, and
she can rest during a great part of them,
and. besides, has her tw.oor three "even
ings off" during the week. Her work,
on the whole, is much lighter, and she
does not know what fines are. If she
falls ill, in a good family, she receives
the same cordial attention that her mis
tress would, and is surrounded by kind
attentions. And her wages go on all the
Bnt how about the 'saleslady" np in
the top of the boarding noose if she
should get sick? Well, . unless she is
absolutely at the point of death she is
packed off to a hospital when the time
for which she has paid her board has
expired. But even if she is allowed to
remain there till she gets well, she re
sumes her work with her trunk under
bondage to the landlady, and with a,
to her, heavy debt staring her in the
face. Is it any wonder that many a
naturally good girl seeks escape from
such troubles in the concert halls?
And is it any wonder that .the comfort
able servant girl generally .ends her
career of working for others by marry
ing an honest man and settling down in
a comfortable home. New York Com
mercial Advertiser. . "
Valuable Aawilsra
. Mrs. Bilger (reading) The body of a
petrified man found near Fresno, OaL,
has been sold for $10,000. ,
Mr. Bilger Ten thousand doBarn
By the way, my dear, your family used
to live in California. Are any of them
buried there? New Yrk Weekly.
WMesale aii Retail Brnffists.
Fine Imported, Key West and Domestic
Now is the time to paint your honse
and if you wish to get the best quality
and a fine color use the
Sherwin, Williams Co.'s Paint.
For those wishing to see the quality
and color of the above paint we call their
attention to the residence of S. L. Brooks,
Judge Bennett, Smith French and others
painted by Paul Kreft.
Snipes & Kinersly are agents for the
above paint for The Dalles, Or. v
Don't Forget the
MacDonaW Bros., Props.
Wines, Liquors and Cigars
C E. BiYAlD CO.,
Real Estate,
. Insurance,
and Itoan
Opera House Block, 3d St.
Chas. Stubling,
New Vogt Block, Second St
Liquor v Dealer,
Health is Wealth!
Da. E. C. West's Nerve and Brain Treat
ment, a guaranteed specific for Hysteria, Dizzi
ness, Convulsions, Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,
Headache, Nervous Prostration caused by the use
of alcohol or tobacco, Wakefulness, Mental De
pression, Softening of the Brain, resulting in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death,
Premature Old Age, Barrenness, .Loss of Power
in either sex, Involuntary Losses and Spermat
orrhoea caused by over exertion of the brain, self
abuse or over indulgence. Each box contains
one month's treatment. $1.00 a box, or six boxes
for $5.00, sent by mail prepaid on receipt of price.
To cure any case. With each order received by
ns for Bix boxes, accompanied by $5.00, we will
send the purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund the money if the treatment does not effect
a cure. Guarantees issued only by
Prescription Druggists,
175 Second St. The Dalle, Or.
Taw 8. B. Headache and Livkr Curk taken
according to directions will keep your Blood,
Liver and Kidneys in good order.
The 8. B. Cooqh Cobb for Colds, Coughs
and Croup, in connection with the Headache
Cure, is as near perfect as anything known.
The 8. B. Alpha Pain Cuke for inteawl and
external use, in Neuralgia Toothache, Cramp
Colic and Cholera Morbus, is unsurpassed. They
are well liked wherever known. Manufactured
at Dufoi, Oregon, for sale by all druggists
He Dalles
is here and has come to stay. It hopes
to win its way to public favor by ener
gy, industry and merit; and to this end
we ask that you give it a-fair trial, and
if satisfied with its course a generous
The Daily
four pages of six columns each, will be
issued every evening, except Sunday,
and will be delivered in the city, or sent
by mail for the moderate sum of fifty
cents a month.
Its Objects.
will be to advertise
city, and adjacent country, to assist in
developing our industries, in extending
and opening up new channels for our
trade, in securing an open river, and in
helping THE DALLES to take her prop
er position as the
Leading City of Eastern Oregon.
The paper, both daily and weekly, will
be independent in politics, and in its
criticism of political matters, as in its
handling of local affairs, it will be
We will endeavor to give all the lo
cal news, and we ask that your criticism
of our object and course, be formed from
the contents of the paper, and not from
rash assertions of outside parties.
sent to any address for $1.50 per year.
It will contain from four to six eight
column pages, and we shall endeavor
to make it the equal of the best. Ask
your Postmaster for a copy, or address.
Office, N. W. Cor. Washington and Second Sts.
rriTTTn t-
The Grate City of the Inland Empire is situated at
the head of navigation on the Middle Columbia, and
is a thriving, prosperous city. .
It is the supply city for an extensive and rich agri
cultural an ".. grazing country, its trade reaching as
far south as Summer Lake, a distance ' of over fwc
hundred miles.
The rich grazing country along the eastern slope
of the the Cascades furnishes pasture for thousands
of sheep, the -wool from -which finds market here.
The Dalles is the largest original -wool shipping
point in America, about 5,000,000 pounds toeing
shipped last year.
The salmon fisheries are the finest on the Columbia,
yielding this year a revenue of $1,500,000 which can
and -will be more than doubled in the near future.
The products of the beautiful Klickital valley find
market here, and the country south and east has this
year filled the -warehouses, and all available storage
places to overflo-wing -with their products.
It is the richest city of its size on the coast, and its
money is scattered over and is being used to develop,
more farming country than is tributary to any other
city in Eastern Oregon.
Its situation is unsurpassed! Its climate delight
ful! Its possibilities incalculable! Its resources un
limited! And on these corner stones she stands.
the resources of the
a t t xnci