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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 10, 1891)
I WOMAN'S WOULD.
"rrO SPEND WINTER EVENINGS PLEAS
i ANTLY AND PROFITABLY.
k WorklDg Womaa'i Appeal Kn lish
Woman's Taste A Woman reftigrner.
Offered to Young Women An Interacting-
TraTeler The Golden Rose.
It ia against my principles to do much
veal work in the evening unless particu
larly rushed, but I do like a little fancy
work or work not so fancy, but light and
easily handled, that I can pick up a few
minutes when I have an industrious
.streak; and I know there are some sisters
-who must do such work evenings, or not
I made a night dress yoke of crocheted
wheels. The manner of doing it is
tins. Take No. SO or 86 thread, wind
the end around your finger eight or
tea times, slip the ring off your finger
jmd crotchet single stitch closely around
it, till it is stiff and round; then make
the wheel larger with any stitch you
choose, adding stitches enough to keep
the wheel smooth and flat. Fill the hole
in the middle with ri ok rack stitch or
the spider web used in drawn work, and
"they look quite antique. Sew together
to form the yokes, children's collars,
Sadies, scarf ends, etc. 1
: The other evening sister was home,
snd as she has just commenced house
keeping for two she has an eye for fur
nishings of every shape and complexion.
We had a spell rattled up in the store
room, scampered down again with a
clothes basket full of rags, planted our
selves 'neath the hanging lamp and pro
ceeded to braid a rug or a border for one.
We took quite a large piece of ingrain
for the middle, rounded the ends a little,
lined it with a piece of rag carpet to
snake it as thick as our braid, then laid
'it on the dining table and sewed the
braid on around it. We happened to
choose colors for the braid like those in
the ingrain, so the rug was really pretty,
'very substantial, and didn't cost $10.
She only had one fur and one Smyrna
rag, and wanted one she was not afraid
to step on accidentally. Mother caught
the fever, and is catting leaves out of
3eavy cloth, buttonholing them with
colored yarns, and declares she is going
to have a rug with ingrain center too.
Last winter I made a baby yoke of
novelty braid, the kind used for inser
tion, with picot edge. I crocheted strips
of it together with a zigzag chain,
using two or three stitches in the .'Vm.
and the effect was that of drawn work,
a you could hardly see where it was
, I bought a new pair of shoes the other
day, and the dealer gave me some pretty
cards, baby faces on star shapes, and one
cherub peeping over the moon. These
were on a panel with a calendar in one
-corner, and I am just going to politely
amputate them from this advertisement
and put them on plush panels for the
-gratification of my own self. Cor.
A Working Woman's Appeal.
The working girls' clubs have been
considering for some time the different
seasons why people of leisure look down
with a sense of superiority upon self sup
porting women. In Far and Near, the
organ of the association of clubs, a work
ing woman, Lucy A. Warner, makes an
eloquent appeal to the world for the
answer of the question, which to them
is hard to understand.
"Is it because we lack natural ability?"
she asks, and proceeds to call attention
. to the delicate and difficult work ac
' complished by women requiring the help
of eye and hand and brain, stating con
eisely: "There is no copyright on brains.
"God is no respecter of persons, and so to
working girls he has intrusted one,
,two, and to some even five talents.
; "Is it because we lack education?" she
continues, and tells of many working
.girls who spend all their leisure in study
'because it is a delight to them. -
"Is it because we lack virtue? A noted
man once said, 'Not oven the famed
Hebrew maiden as she stood on the giddy
turret more sacredly guarded her honor
than does many a half starved sewing
woman in the streets of New York.' We
are proud of our honor, we are as care
ful of our reputation as our sisters who
dress in purple and fine linen. It is trua
there are exceptions, but has not the im
moral working girl her rivals among
women who ' should be her teachers in
all pure and noble living?
"Is it because we work?" she concludes,
-And speaks of the professional people
whom the world honors and yet who
are all busy workers. Working women
iave discovered to their sorrow that
there is a difference between brain work
- and manual toil. "The teacher considers
herself superior to the sewing girl, and
the sewing girl thinks herself above the
. mill girl, and the mill girl thinks the
irl who does general housework be
queath her, and Miss Flora McFlimsey,
who toils not, neither does she spin,
thinks herself superior to them all. Is
one kind of 'work any more honorable
than another? Is any honest work de
grading?" j Danger In Milk.
I But probably more danger lurks in
anilk than in water. - Milking is done
Tvery largely by men whose persons are
nncleanly, and who have no proper ideas
of purity and neatness. But if we can
once get it to the house without its being
contaminated there is no surety that it
will remain safe for human use. It is
quick to absorb impurities from the air,
and milk forms an admirable breeding
place for numerous enemies to health,
it is certain that many an epidemic of
scarlet fever and probably many a death
from typhoid fever might have been pre-
. vented if the contaminations of Tnillr
-and their easy transportation from house
to house had been clearly understood.
Several cases of outbreaks of typhoid
fever have within a few years been
- traced to the water placed in milk by
-dishonest dealers, and taken from pol
luted wells or streams. The washing of
cans even in infected water is sufficient
to transmit the germs of disease. Scar
Jet fever is now, perhaps, the most dread
ed f oo of our households, and is known
to be communicated by means of minute
particles of the sloughed off skin of the
patient. These infinitesimal particles
are easily taken in by exposed fluids.
Cows also are subject to this' fever, and
so the danger is vastly increased. Diph
theria has also been proven to be carried
about in milk, and, last of all, the bacil
lus tuberculosis of consumption.
Many physicians, including Dr. Bis
sell, believe that using milk from cows
affected with lung diseases is the cause
of a large proportion of the pulmonary
disease of human beings. Nothing
should be taken for granted less easily
than that milk is a safe food. I have
seen enough of the pollution, dangerous
or otherwise, at least disgusting, con
nected with ordinary milking by aver
age farm hands to assure me that it is
impossible to be too careful what is
bought of this article and what con
sumed. In one case of 1,000 quarts care
fully examined two handfuls of Bolid
filth remained after distillation. This
danger is by no means confined to city
purchasers. Physician in St. Louis
English Women's Taste.
Nowhere in the world can so many
handsome, tasteful women be seen as in
London during the season. Of coarse
some are foreigners, and Americans are
generally among the most attractive, and
it must be remembered that the British
kingdom sends its fairest flowers to town
at that time; but the fact remains, that
many English women know how to dress
well. Nor is it true that small feet are
an American monopoly. The model of
Lady Holland's foot is one of the attrac
tions of Holland House. She is not alone
in her beauty. English women have
been careless in the matter of shoes, and
shoes make a deal of difference in the ap
pearance of feet.
What I like in the English is that they
can't be bullied out of their convictions.
Morris, Bossetti, Buskin begin a crusade
against the Philistines, against stupid
ugliness, against blind adoration of con
ventionality. . Women join their ranks
and attempt to make poetry out of mil
linery. Some of their efforts are very
ridiculous, but out of these efforts have
come Crainesboro hats and charming cos
tumes, making the wearers look like fas
cinating old pictures instead of fashion
plates. For the first time England is ex
ercising an influence upon France.
-5etheticism includes too much beauty
to be ignored, and Parisian modistes are
taking lessons of their despised neigh
bors. If I were asked which women to
day had the more taste in dress, Ameri
can or English, I should say the English,
because they are beginning to think, and
are striving to be individual. In the
chaff of affectation there is the grain of
an honest ideal. Kate Field's Washing
ton. Wbat a Society Ctrl Can Do.
What society young ladies can do
sometimes is well ' illustrated by the
career of a "Washington young lady.
She had lived in Washington for
a number of years. She has had in
dependent means, and has lived un
der the care of relatives and friends,
having no immediate family. She
was well known in Washington so
ciety. No one ever would have thought
her capable of running a western ranch.
To jump from the gayeties of Washing
ton to the back of a horse in Texas was
a long leap, and yet this is what this
young lady has done. When forced by
circumstances to go to Texas to look
after her own affairs, she invested apart
of her fortune in a Texas cattle ranch at
a time when such investments were all
She found some time ago that her in
vestment in this direction was bringing
in nothing, and probably would be a
loss. As she was a fine horsewoman she
made up her mind to utilize this practi
cal part of her education, and she left
Washington to take charge of her ranch.
She has just returned after having made
a successful trip and demonstrated, after
a year of trial, her capacity to run suc
cessfully a Texas cattle ranch. She
spent hours out of doors every day on
horseback, and for her pluck and cour
age she has had the hearty support of the
neighborhood for miles around her
ranch. It is a novel experience for her,
but as it has taught her the most inter
esting lesson of independence, her story
should make a good subject for a play.
Washington Cor. Chicago Tribune.
A Woman Designer.
We have in Boston a young woman of
the name of Miss Mary O'Connor, who at
one time was employed on Broadway,
New York. She was brought to the at
tention of Mr. Belcher, of the firm of B.
H. White & Co., of this city, about a
year ago, and he at once recognized her
ability as a designer. He offered her a
place in his big establishment, which she
readily accepted. The firm sent her to
Paris and other European cities for.the
purpose of studying up styles and becom
ing inoculated, if possible, with the spirit
of that creative genius with which the
foreign atmosphere is charged. She de
veloped wonderfully sensitive receptive
qualities, and when she returned home
was running over with ideas. She be
gan at once to put them into practical
use, and the result has been not only flat
tering to herself but a source of great
profit to her employers, as well as awak
ening a sense of never-ending gratitude
in the ladies she has served. Many of
her conceits would fill the heart of a
Parisian designer with the greenest kind
of envy, and alarm him with fear for the
future of his own city. Boston Cor.
Cloak and Suit Review.
Offered to Young; Women.
3. C. Wood, a retired New York bank
er, now living in Brooklyn, has tendered,
through his wife, (125,000 to the Young
Women's Christian association of Brook
lyn, to put up a new building for the
association. The building will be erected
on the three lots on Schermerhorn street,
between Third and Flatbush avenues,
which were bequeathed to the associa
tion by the late S. B. Chittenden.
Mr. Wood Sad been contemplating the
gift for some time, and decided to make
It if (100,000 could be raised for a per-
METHODS THEY PURSUED IN COOK
ING THEIR FOODS.
A Synopsis of a Irectim by Professor
Morse The Antiquity of Cooking Orig
inal Manner of Applying Heat to Meats
and Vegetables Esquimaux Huts.
Professor Morse gave his second lect
ure on "Primitive People" at Academy
hall, and Bpoke particularly of fireplaces
and stoves. In opening he ' briefly re
viewed his first lecture, making special
reference to the fact that men and ani
mals adapt themselves to their surround
ings. Thus dogs and cats in civilized
homes eat com and oatmeal, while cows
in Iceland will eat salt fish as a steady
diet, though neither of these, animals
would eat such food in the ordinary
Proceeding to the subject in hand,
Professor Morse cited the finding of
baked cakes with the Egyptian mum
mies as . evidence of the antiquity of
cooked food, and of the universal prim
itive fashion among savage or primitive
peoples of cooking food in vessels resting
on three rounded stones, which man
very early found out were better than
four. - This method was employed by
the North American Indians, the Esqui
maux, the modern Finns, and even by
the Irish in the Seventeenth century.
Another method employed was . the
cooking of meats in baskets of water
with hot stones. Some tribes of the
North American Indians cooked corn,
grasshoppers, and perhaps other delica
cies by placing them in clay lined bask
ets, with red hot coals, and shaking the
baskets back and forth and blowing off
the ashes and cinders till the contents
were done to what the Indians probably
considered a tirn.
The kitchens of New Zealand and Cey
lon are but rough primitive forms of
many that are seen in Germany and Eng
land, except that in the former cases
the fires are out of doors. English and
German fireplaces are far behind the
American stove and cooking range, and
are really survivals of prehistoric times
though the hearths for the fires are raised
and arrangements made for the escape of
Succeeding the period of placing pots
on three stones over the fire comes their
suspension by some support, a familiar
method being by means of three sticks
fastened together at the top. The Esqui
mau suspends his kettle from the ceiling
of his ice hut by means of cord or hide
And here the lecturer departed from his
subject to describe how the hut is built
spirally, with blocks of ice and of dome
shape. The hat is lined with skins, so
that what little of the ice melts will not
drop down on the occupants in the form
These huts are warmed by open crude
oil lamps, in which is moss saturated
with oil, and over them are suspended
the kettles. -The oil comes from the
blubber of the whale, seal and similar
animals," and is obtained by the women
and children, whose principal business it
is in the winter time to chew blubber to
get the oil Under the hut there is usu
ally a large supply of blubber stored for
Professor Morse describes the stoves
of China and Japan, and showed two
patterns of what appeared to be earthen
ware portable stoves, about the size of
bean pots. Other stoves are rough clay
or brick affairs, with openings for wood
and varying numbers of holes on top for
the accommodation of cooking utensils,
and none have arrangements for the di
rect escape of the smoke out of doors.
EARLY METHODS OP GETTING FIHE.
Some of these eastern stoves have
shrines or symbols over the fireplaces to
keep out evil spirits, and in some of them
a light is kept burning, or a little food
or some other trifle placed by way of in
voking the care of some good spirit over
the food that is to be cooked. .
In closing, the lecturer had something
to say about primitive modes of creating
and preserving fire, followed by some in
teresting experiments with crude appli
ances. The origin of fire is not known,
nor its first discoverer, but the discovery
must have been followed by a tremendous
stride of advancement by the human race,
Probably fire was first used as a religious
rite, and by many savage nations it has
been worshiped as" a god; after that it
was probably used for cooking, and then
for other purposes.
Some people never learned the art of
making fire, but took good care never to
be without it. Emin Pasha, whose rescue
from the heart of Africa Stanley sought,
vouches for. wondrous tales in that region
to the effect that in some sections of Cen
tral Africa bands of chimpanzees' occa
sionally raid the native villages with
Professor Morse illustrated three meth
ods of starting fires one by rubbing a
piece of 'bamboo with a sharp edged
stick; another by rubbing a stick in a
groove on a piece of wood, and a third
by means of a fire drill." None of these
methods brings a direct blaze, but will
produce a spark from which a fire may
be brought by coaxing with tinder. The
fire drill was the most successful of the
experiments on this occasion, and was ac
companied by considerable smoke, but
no fire. The drill is a simple arrange-,
ment of wood and cord, by which a stick
is kept rapidly revolving on a piece of
wood, and in a fraction of a minute cre
ates smoke and sparks. Salem Gazette.
For cramps a ring is frequently worn
upon the finger, but to possess the re
quisite virtue it is necessary that the
ring should be made of some metal taken
by stealth, without discovery. The great
Boyle recommended for certain diseases
"a little bag hung about the neck, con
taining the powder made of a live toad
burnt in a new pot." London Tit-Bits.
If you put a spoon in a glass before
pouring in the water the glass will not
crack, even if the water is boiling. ' But
if there is no spoon used it takes a new
glass to every hot drink. .. , . ,
J. M. HUNTINGTON & CO.
Heal Estate and
Abstracts of. and Information Concern
ing Land Titles on Short Notice.
Land for Sale and Houses to Rent
Parties Looking for Homes in
COUNTRY OR CITY,
OR IN SEARCH OF
Should Call on or Write to us.
Agents for a Full Line of
Leaiini Fire Insnrance Companies,
And Will Write Insurance for
Correspondence Solicited. All Letters
Promptly Answered. Call on or
J. M. HUNTINGTON & CO.
Opera House Block, The Dalles, Or.
Has Opened a
In Connection With his Fruit Stand
and Will Serve
Hot Coffee, Ham Sandwich, Pigs' Feet,
and Fresh Oysters.
Convenient to the Passenger
On Second St., near corner of Madison.
Branch Bakery, California
Orange Cider, and the
Best Apple Cider."
If you want a good lunch, give me a call.
Open all Night
C. N. THORNBURY, T. A. HUDSON,
Late Rec. U. 8. Land Office. Notary Public.
THDRHBURY & HUDSON.
ROOMS 8 and 9 LAND OFFICE BUILDING,
Fostofllce Box 325,
THE DALLES, OR.
And all other Business in the U. S. Land Office
Promptly Attended to.
We have ordered Blanks for Filings,
Entries and the purchase of Railroad
Lands under the recent Forfeiture Act,
which we will have, and advise the pub
lic at the earliest date when such entries
can be made. Look for advertisement
in this paper.
Thornburv & Hudson.
Health is Wealth !
Dr. E. C. West's Nerve anb Brain Treat
ment, a guaranteed specific for Hysteria, Dizzi
ness, Convulsions, Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,
Headache, Nervous Prostration caused by the use
of alcohol or tobacco, Wakefulness, Mental De
pression, Softening of the Brain, resulting in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death,
Premature Old Age, Barrenness, Loss of Power
in either sex, Involuntary Losses and Spermat
orrhoea caused by over exertion of the brain, self
abuse or over indulgence. Each box contains
one month's treatment. 11.00 a-box, or six boxes
for $5.00, sent by mail prepaid on receipt of price.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To cure any case. With each order received by
us for six boxes, accompanied by $5.00, we will
send the purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund the money if the treatment does not effect
a cure. Guarantees issued only by
lilAKKLKV & HOUGHTON,
175 Second St. The Dalles, Or.
Opera '.' Exchange,
No. 114 Washington Street.
BILLS 4 MYERS, Proprietors.
The Best of Wines, Liquors and Cigars
ALWAYS ON SALE.
They will aim to supply their customers with
the best in their line, both of m ported and. do
is here and has come to stay. It hopes
to win its way to public favor by ener
gy, industry and merit; and to this end
we ask that you give it a fair trial, and
if satisfied with its course a generous
four pag;es of six columns each, will be
issued every evening, except Sunday,
and will be delivered in the city, or sent
by mail for the moderate sum of fifty
cents a month.
will be to advertise the resources of the
city, and adjacent country, to assist in
developing our industries, in extending
and opening up new channels for our
trade, in securing- an open river, and in
helping THE D ALLES to take her prop
er position as the J
Leading City of Eastern Oregon.
The paper, both daily and weekly, will
be independent in politics, and in its
criticism of political matters, as in its
handling of local affairs, it will be .
JUST, FAIR AND IMPARTIAL.
We will endeavor to give all the lo
cal news, and we ask that your criticism
of our object and course, be formed from
the contents of the paper, and not from
rash assertions of outside parties.
For the benefit of our advertisers we
sfiail print the first issue about 2,000
copies for free distribution, and shall
print from time to time extra editions,
so that the paper will reach every citi
zen of "Wasco and adjacent counties.
sent to any address for $1.50 per year.
It will contain from four to six eight
column pages, and we shall endeavor
to make it the equal' of the bestQ-sk
your Postmaster for
THE CHRONICLE PUB. GO.
' "- . .. .. . y .
Office, N. W. Cor. Washington and Second Sts
a copy, or address.