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About The Dalles daily chronicle. (The Dalles, Or.) 1890-1948 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 17, 1891)
The Dalles Daily Chronicle.
THK DALLES - - - - - ORKUON.
Entered at the PoatnlHoe at The Dalles, Oregon,
a second-duos matter.
Governor S. Ponnoyer
1-etnry of State G. W. MrMiide
usurer Phillip Metuchim
pt. of Public Instruction E. B. McElrov
('ongreKMtian B. Ilcrmmui
State Printer Frank Baker
Cotintv Judge..... . ....C N. Thoruljnry
Sheriff. ,. I. i t'litiw
'lerk . J. B. Cnwfn
Treasurer '.s. Rtich
Commissioner I rUi'Sid
Assessor John li. Bttriiett
Nurvevor.-. E. Y. Sharp
Superintendent of Public Schools. ..Troy Slu-Uev
Coroner William Michcll
this go visrxoh'S Micas, i a is.
The governor's liiesHuge is too I-jng for
us to reprint, bitt we give a synopsis,
which bIiows the principal ideas advanc
ed. After a tabulated statement of the
states expenditures, and a showing that
the state of Oregon did not owe a dollar ;
he further stated that the school fund,
per capita, had already increased from
75 cents in 1 885, to $1.4T in 1890, and
the fnnd from $88,735,16 in that year to
1r2,20:j,o04.S0, in 1891, and that the Agri-
cultnred college fund was now $130,289.
82, and the University fund $102,109.18.
lie recommends that the legislature pro
vide for the management of the reform
school, and that no further money be
given to the University orto the Agricul
tural college, for the reason that they
now have funds enough to maintain
mem. jieasKsine legislature to urge
our congressmen to procure an appropri
ation for building the portage railroad at
The Dalles, and for improving the chart
nel of the lower Columbia, and suggests
that the legislature provide for purchas
ing the Willamette canal and locks in
isi, as jier arrangement at the tune
they were built, lie recommends that
but one mode of catching salmon should
lie allowed, and that by nets. lie sug
j;tbi.b niiti n iiuiever assessment law is
Adopted that it should provide for a
nworm listen statement irom eacli prop
erty owner of all his property real and
personal, with adequate penalties for
refusing. That a sufficient state revenue
could be raised by a poll tax of $2 and a
graduated income tax of all incomes ex
ceeding f 1,000, and a tax upon the gross
receipts of express, telegraph, telephone
and insurance companies. Indorses the
exemption law as it now is, and the mortgage-tax
law he thinks is a just measure.
He believes that if any Change is made
in the usury laws, that it should only
be to provide a lower rate of interest.
He suggests that there is no need of com
missioners, and that the boards of
railroad commissioners and fish com
missioners be abolished. He thinks it
would be wise to make all county offi
cers salaried, and provide for their turn
ing their fees over io the counties. He
calls attention to the fact that the three
joliticaI parties were pledged to the
adoption of the Australian ballot system
and insists that it should therefore be
passed unanimously. He also gives
Portland a small reminder by saying
that the proposition to issue non-taxable
bonds was settled at the last elec
tion. He advises the passage of a
registration law. He is of the opinion
that the taxing of the people to pay
premiums at the district fairs is unjust,
and while it is within the power of the
legislature to grant the appropriations
that it shouid not be done; and that
while it is unjust to tax the people for
this purpose, it would be much more
unjust to raise money to be expended at
fairs outside of the state, and he there
fore does not think the state should ex
pend any sum at Chicago. Laws should
be passed fixing the maximum rates
which railroad and telegraph companies
may charge, and asserts that a provision
should be made for arbitrating differ
ences between railroad companies and
their employes, and preventing railroad
companies employing armed forces to
intimidate employes or strikers. The
governor digresses to haul the United
States courts over the coals in a manner
pleasing to himself, and harmless to the
courts, and concludes as follows :
As the people of Oregon are as ma
terially affected by federal as bv state
legislation, it is perfectly proper that the
legislative assembly, by joint resolution,
give instructions to our delegation in
congress concerning measures of lederal
legislation affecting the people of its
commonwealth, viecially in regard to
the following matters of great import
ance : More stringent legislation for the
exclusion of the pauper hordes of China ;
the imposition of a graduated income
tax by which the wealth of the country,
now entirely exempted, will be compelled
to bearits just shareof the public burden ;
the further adjustment of our revenue
laws by which all tariff taxation shall be
removed from the necessaries of life and
placed alone upon luxuries ; the forfeiture
or all railroad land grants not earned
within the time required bv law : uro-
"visions for the forfeiture of the charters
of the several bond-aided Pacific railroad
companies for their non-compliance with
law, and for either the sale of such roads
to realize payment of the debt owing to
the United States or for the assumption
of ownership and management thereof
bv the government : a nostal teleeranh
by which, the government by the exercise
of its constitutional functions can relieve
the business of its own departments and
the business of the country from the ex
actions of a most unscrupulous monop
oly ; unalterable opposition to the grant
ing of subsidies upon any pretext what
ever; unvielding resistance to the control
of the ballot box by federal judges ; the
abolition of federal inferior courts, or the
verv material restriction of their juris
diction ; the free coinage of silver ; the
issuance of the government direct of all
money of the country ; the denial to the
national banks of the special privilege
now granted, them , of ''being furnished
with money without interest ; the dis
continuance of the unjust policy by the
last federal administration, and followed
by the present one, of placing with the
banks a large portion of the surplus,
wrung from the people by unnecessary
taxation, without any charge for interest ;
the providing for the loaning of money
by the government upon the improved
farm propertv of the country, as is now
successfully done with more than $2,000
000 of the educational funds of Oregon,
at a low rate of interest, for the benefit
of the many, and the discontinuance of
loans to the banks upon what the govern
ment owes, without interest, for the en
richment of the few.
There can be no more commendable
way for us who have been entrusted with
the law-making power of this common
wealth to show our gratitude to our con
stituency for the trust confided to us
than the enactment of wise and un
necessary laws. Let us act in the fear of
Clod and without the fear of man, always
mindful of the cardinal rule, that no tax
should be laid upon the people that is
not equal, or for any purpose other than
a frugal administration of the govern
ment in its full conservation of the
general good. Sylvkbteb Pksxoyek.
DISTRICT FAIR APPROPRIATIONS.
There are some things in our worthy
governor's message that will not bear
examination. One of them is his posi
tion on the matter of district fairs. He
argues that it is unjust to tax the peo
ple of the whole state to pay premiums
in any locality, that the expenditure
must be as general as the tax. Admit
this and it will lie seen that the expendi
ture is just that general. Eastern Ore
gon has two district fairs, Western
Oregon one and the state fair. The
state is also so districted that every, per
son in the state is allowed to compete
for the premiums, in one or the other of
these fairs. There is no one thing so
beneficial to the fanners and stock rais
ers as fairs honestly conducted, where a
spirit of generous rivalry and determina
tion to excel may be cultivated. The
amount of money expended in prem
iums for agricultural products and stock
amounts to $9500 per year. It is fair to
presume that the inhabitants of each
district pay into the state treasury their
proportion of the money which is
handed back to them to be expended in
premiums to encourage a generous
rivalry in the production of line stock,
and farm produce. The amount is
really too small, and the object would
be more nearly accomplished by doub
ling the sum. We believe in the state
being run on an economical plan, and
that no state funds should be squandered
but at the same time we believe that
the expenditure of a few thousand dol
lars each year, in getting our farmers
and stockmen together, in getting them
to examine each others methods, and
exchange ideas; in introducing new
varieties of staple products, improving
their stock, and at the same time im
proving themselves by broadening their
ideas, is an expenditure justified bv
wisdom and experience. We believe
the resultant good of far more value than
the cost, and therefore think not only
that the present law should be indorsed
but that if any change is made, it shall
be in the line of an increase, instead of a
decrease in the amount so expended. If
the governor s position is correct, how !
can he indorse the proposition to tax
the whole people for the purpose of pur
chasing the Willamette canal and locks?
Eastern Oregon has no interest in them
and derives no benefit from them.
Eastern Oregon has no particular inter
est in the dome of the state capitol, but
recognizes the fact that it will add to
Salem's beauty and pride, and therefore
cheerfully acquiesces in the proposition
to build it. Money expended in prem
iums at the district fairs is a laudable
and honest expenditure for a good ob
ject, and therefore in our opinion the
governor is mistaken in his position.
GOOD USE FOR CONVICT LABOR.
The employment of convict labor to
complete the work at the Cascades can
meet with but one objection, and that, we
do not think a serious one. That is. it
will be asserted that it interferes with
free labor. This is in a sense true, but
so does any employment in which con
victs may be engaged. We claim how
ever, that it will interfere as little with
free labor as any work they could pos
sibly be employed on.
The skilled labor would have to be
most of it, "free labor," and the work as
at present conducted, is of an uncertain
character, and does not provide steady
employment for anyone. The fact that
this objection would be raised, makes
the politicians afraid to propose it, or no
doubt it would have been thought of
and put in operation long ago. Against
this position, we claim that it would be
beneficial to labor, skilled and unskilled.
Without something of this kind is done,
the locks are liable to remain uncom
pleted f9r years to come. Until they
are completed, the settlement of Eastern
Oregon and Washington is sadly re
tarded. With the completion of the
locks, the Inland Empire would soon
make work for ten times its present pop
ulation, and thus, by the employment
of convict labor for a short time, steady
employment would be furnished for a
new empire with a population of 2,000,
uuu. . unless uus is aone, or congress
gets in and has the work completed
by contract, the Inland Empire with a
capacity to support a dense population
will remain sparsely settled, and the
work of reclaiming its soil, and making
it yield golden harvests will ybe left for
the next generation. In the interest of
free labor the convict labor should be
The Capitol Journal has had a case of
intelligent compositor and careless proof
reader, which goes towards showing that
our idea of the spirit of the perverse
which haunts all things animate or in
animate, lays with persistent malignancy
for the unoffending newspaper man.
The explanation following speaks for
itself :"' "The Joubsal editorial referring
to Hon. Joseph Simon as "the richly
rewarded tool of the cormptionists" does
that gentleman grave injustice By
error of type setting and proof reading
the word which was written "corpora
tionists" was changed as above. We
had not any . intention to charge Mr.
Simon with corruption."
A prominent physician and old army
surgeon in eastern "Iowa, was called away
from home for a few days ; during his ab"
sence one of the children contracted a
severe cold and his wife bought a bottle
of Chamberlin's Cough Remedy for it.
They were so much pleased that they
afterwards used several bottles at var
ious times. He said, from experience
with it, he regarded it as the most reli
able preparation in use for colds and that
it came the nearest being a specific of
any medicine he had ever seen. For
sale by Snipes & Kinersly.
S. L. YOUNG,
(Successor to E. BECK.
SILVERWARE, :-: ETC
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Repaired and Warranted.
165 Second St., The Dalles, Or.
The successful merchant is
the one who watches the mar
kets and buysto the best advan
The most prosperous family is
the one that takes advantage of
BROOKS & BEERS.
will sell yon choice
Groceries and Provisions
OF ALL KINDS, AXD
AT MORE REASONABLBS BATES
THAN ANY OTHER FLACB:
. IN THE CITX..
REMEMBER we deliver all mir-
chases without charge.
390 394 Second St.
Rout Street Cigar Store,
J THE DALLES, OREGON.
W. H. JONES,
Opposite the Umatilla House.
HAVE ON SALE THE BEST BRANDS OF
Imported and Domestic
CIG-ARS and TOBACCO.
ALSO A FULL LINE OK
PURE HAVANA CIGARS.
FINE FARM TO RENT.
T" HE FARM KNOWN AS THE "MOORE
Farm" situated on Three Mile creek about
two and one-half miles from The Dalles, will be
leased for one or more vears at a low rent to any
responsible tenant. This farm has upon it a
?:ood dwelling house and neeessary out build
ngs, about two acres of orchard, about three
hundred acres under cultivation, a lanre
of the land will raise a pood volunteer wheat
crop in wiin ordinarily favorable weather.
The farm is well watered. For tArmu miri nUrti..i.
lara enquire of Mrs. Sarah A. Moore or at theotfice
oi Aiays, Huntington s llson. The Dalles, Or.
SARAH A. MOORE, Executrix.
"TCTILL BE PAID FOR ANY INFORMATION
T T leading to the conviction of parties cutting
the ropes or in any way interfering with the
wires, poles or Umpo of The Eusctric Light
Co. - H, GLENN.-.
Notice to Fuel Consumers
Have on hand a lot of
Also a lot of
ORDERS FILLED PROMPTLY.
1 Office corner
Third and Union Streets,
SHINES St KiJHEt-JSLtY,
Wholesale and Retail Lrrosts.
Fine Imported, Key West and Domestic
d. l -Bipup do.,
Opera House Bloek,3d St.
Gamets ami Furniture,
PRINZ & NITSCIIKE,
And be Satisfied as to
QUALITY AND 1UUOES.
W. E. GARRETSON.
Leading - Jeweler.
SOLE AGENT FOB THK
All Watch Work Warranted.
Jewelry Made to Order.
138 Second St., The Dal leu, Or.
H. Glenn has removed his
office and the office of .the
Electric Light Co. to 72
" " ' " ' - ' " - -"'"in i ii i ULjj-jimmmMM-iiii-iimuLr
The Grate City of the Inland Empire is situated at
theheadof navigation on the Middle Columbia, andT
is a thriving, prosperous city.
ITS TERRITORY. '
It is the supply city for an extensive andtrich Agri
cultural and grazing country, its trade reaching as
far south as Summer Lake, a distance of over two
V THE LARGEST WOOL MARKET.
The rich grazing country along the eastern slope
of the the Cascades furnishes pasture for thousands
of sheep, the wool from which finds market here.
The Dalles is the largest original wool shipping
point in America, about 5,000,000 pounds being
shipped this year.
THE VINEYARD OF OREGON.
The country near The Dalles produces splendid
crops of cereals, and its fruits cannot be excelled. It
is the vineyard of Oregon, its grapes equalling Cali
fornia's best, and its other fruits, apples, pears,
prunes, cherries etc., are unsurpassed.
The salmon fisheries are the finest on the Columbia,
yielding this year a revenue of $1,500,000 which can
and will be more than doubled in the near future.
The products of the beautiful Klickital valley find
market here, and the country south and east has this
year filled the warehouses, and all available storage
places to overflowing with their products.
, ITS WEALTH
It is the richest city of its size on the coast, and its
money is scattered over and is being used to develop,
more farming country than is tributary to any er
city in. Eastern Oregon. -
Its situation is unsurpassed! Its climate- delight
ful! Its possibilities incalculable! Its resources tin
limited And on these corner stones she stands.
D. W. EDWARDS,
Paints, Oils, Glass, Wall Papers, Decora
tions, Artists' Materials, Oil Paintings, Clromos ani Steel Engravings.
Mouldings and Picture Frames, Cornice Poles
Etc., Paper Trimmed Free.
IMcrtu.ro Framea 3VX,cie to Order.
276 and 278 Second Street. - - - Tna Dalles, Or.
Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,
G9NTS FURNISHING GOODS.
FULL STOCK: STAPLE GOODS:
N. HARRIS. Corner Second and Court-st.
H. C. NIELS6N,
Glothier and Tailor,
l?at5 apd Qap5, Jrui?, ilalises,
' Boot and
CORNER OF SECOND AND WASHINGTON STS., THE DAIXES, OREGON.
-: For the Best Brands and Purest
U. O. MHCK, 9
Ul;ole5aIe : Ijquor '. Dealer,
117 SECOND ST.
Quality of Wines and Liquors, go to:
THE DALLES, OR.