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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 18, 1922)
THE OREGON." DAILY JOUBNAL, PORTLAND, pREGON.'
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 18,
five, Oregon a higher place Is the
I ran, and It deserves to succeed.'
a rrprrryDrar nwirirn
c. i. Jackson-.., ..raw
I Be- aaJa, ka lalUnL ka chiarfu. u4
aa m oiain aaae
rakiW inn oaaattaT ad AundaJ
4 The Jaernal batldins. giMdwaf ed tiB-
kin MM. rortleeit. drama.
M liw aaabrfflaa at Fartlaaa, On.
4 - "f
a wig puj w mmtm s
aw wnnnn fae at
tlMai. .' Fifth imH, Haw Tort; too
Ulan UMIw, bl-afa.
Fi7iii5ooAT hcphucntative w. a
r Cay, EiaaitBrt ketldias, Sea tmm
.'ai TNla Inaaraere kwikhns. Las Aaaalaal
rH-rUUirarr kelkhaa. Seattla.
tnrtC001 JOCSXal, lam Oi
to twtart aeaaftMBS aap airk t am
- aaiaeUaaaMa, It alae wfli Bat prist aay
. saea laal Is aay ear atiaalataa aaadina aav
- Reared tn luxury, when members
of the ill-fated house- of ' Hapsburg
were thrown out to .battle with a
practical world, they met with Y no
kuccesa The; are scattered ;. oyer
Europe, with little on which to sur
vive. The emperor and empress ara
trying to add to their .comforts by
alee of family Jewela - Some of the
family have written memoir and at
tempted literatore. but can find no
publisher Bome have tried to earn
a livelihood by work with Indifferent
eeea. Any alert American boy of
lumblest origin has better' prospects
than the scions of this former royal
r trsJujaipmM utu
By Camar. Cttr aa4 ftaeatrf.
DalLT AND SUM DAT
Oaa east. . .,.$ .It I Oaa swath. 8 .
DAILY I L.N DAT
Oea oaafc. .! I Om .......! .01
Ce aanntk . . , . 4 (
I klAUUAIX TV J r AT Allt E TX ADTAXCX
Ova yar !(
HOLD TOUR LIBERTT BONDS
Ova faa 100
Oaa amtk . . .
Oaa yaaf. 11.00
Ona yaar. ,.
Tana avail ha
On yar ! I
aft That fataa apely oalT la Itia Wan.
vj lalaa to Eaalara pntnta fvniUhad bdIV-
Mam, Mk frattuaca by Moaay Onlar, Kz-
aaaraidir afflra. t ar 1-rant bUbiim win
ka aanp4. Maka all nmHUaraa paraMa to
Tka Joaraai raMkains Oaaiauy. Tortiaad.
0?TB of the outstandine; develop
ments of 1471 mt k. nnnt.n
rise In the market price of Liberty
bonds, the earlier issues now ranx-
Thwa axmiha.. .II.JI In from 94 to 87. and the Victory
Ob avinth. . . . . .11, ... . ,, . .
uvniH miuos iot aiinuy mora) wan
The American people are' alowly
learning; that their government se
curities are really secure and stable,
notwithstanding- the manipulation of
speculators. This has been a new
experience for the citizens of this
country, who, before the great war.
put their money in everything except
While the terrible conflict was
upon us, many bought bonds merely"
as a patriotic duty, and not a few
failed to realize that they were doing
anything other than making a con
tribution to help the Washington
authorities win the war. Because of
this misconception, based on ignor
ance, thousands of holders dumped
their securities on the market when
the conflict closed, taking whatever
was offered them.
The Journal has from time to time
strongly advised the holding of all
war bonds unless it were absolutely
necessary to sell them, and this ad-
h vice Is rtill good. Government bonds
' . j are the safest form, of Investment
I tor the small money man or woman.
it the government falls they may be
come worthless but not otherwise.
In the last year approximately
$2,000,000,000 has been added to the
market value of these issues, BUT
THEIR INTRINSIC WORTH HAS
ALWAYS BEEN THEIR FACE
VAT.TT1T! TT.TT TUIf TXTTTTDl-OT
J IJ 1.. were maae to nave "'" REPRESENTED ON THE COU-
her life as birthday and wedding
Pinner hour usually foona him
eatlnx down town; Her plans grew
cold with her dishes' and her heart.
There were no movie evenings or
vaudeville programs ' tor; them. - He
was too busy to come home. His
"overwhelming ; devotion; Ato duty?
kept hint at his desk, untii bedtime,
When he came home at night he
was dog tired; too tired. In fact, for
little evidences of affection or even
for chat about the affairs of the
day. . ' ' : .
- He was Jolted when she sued, al
legtng cruelty.. He insisted that he
had almost .given his Tery life ,to
surround her witn- .jeomtprt and a
share : of ; luxury.. But .ier answer
was that she wanted him. not the
super-product of excessive devotion
to duty. He rebutted that the times
are such that a man must give every
ounce of energy to his work or lose
.out. She answered .that a crust
in & cabin with him offering over-'
whelming devotion to her was better
man neglect in surroundings en
riched by overwhelming devotion to
Which was right?
His leg is gone. He tried to board
a Mount Scott car before it had come
to a full stopv He slipped and the
limb was cut off by the terrible
wheels. It is the' kind of thing that
has happened thousands of .times and
win happen thousands of times more
because of the speed at which we are
trying to live. Every danger signal
warns us to go slower. But we do
not heed and have, in consequence,
to pay the price in life and limb.
I aa a mcfat barilla bimtad pubDa opta
toa vhta I kaaa yob lie opinion w wrung.
aa4 far In b awrrtlaa). ltoraca Grarlry.
IK PORTLAND WOULD
The same will apply to the rail
However, to the Baltimore Sun (Ind.
Dpm 1 "thA r-Vi of fnof rx hnnt vwimsv
roaas. il was nrovpn in t n a raei nrit MrtPt.mhA. n .v,-.
- - ' Jm "IT ii-iauiuci t-v uLif? vt ' ' i, 1 1 mi
1 T na A crnna vnltiAtinrta locrt- eiiTMnAa:rti I no T nanrv nnmmirTaa la h i t -nAtknat
i reaeury savings siamp ana tne rt h nr iya break in the oligarchy whose history
I K I1AA a m 4 tl AAA A i i I . " - 1 .: t m. .
This is a more significant status l"u ""n? traffic now. even thoifea rates. d&7Z JZ"? ?Z
vvi luiuain wniun wen pnH nip nnrn i 1 .1 - - ' - - - .v.u
still near the breaking point. Htheir mold." This is Indeed a significant
lata nu'iiurmr ennfxrence At
Eugene indorse the 1125 exposition.
But they failed.
There were differences of opinion
among the 75 active newspaper men
there. Some favored the exposition.
even to the extent of having it
financed fn part by the state at large.
But the preponderance of sentiment
was against formal participation by
the up-state In the form of property
levies or gasoline tax, This is made
very clear by the fact that al efforts
S -to have the exposition Indorsed were
S defeated by the resolutions commit
than was the non-action of the legls-
lature. The opposition of the up
state newspapers Is a more definite
reflection of the sentiment of the
various communities. And it is a
far more difficult opposition for the
backers of the exposition to counter
act. These things should be considered
by the committee that is at work on
the problem of financing the exposi
tion. Does the committee think it
Impossible for Portland to finance
the exposition without asking aid
from the up-state?
P . Under the original plan Portland
J proposed to assume a 14.000. 000 ex
J pendlture. The people voted more
thaa four to one in favor of a fair
on that beats, the up-state to add ft,
010,000 more. It Portland was ready
to spend 14.000. 000 on the plan and
voted four to oe in favor of It, is
that not a guarantee that Portland
THE WOOLWORTH PLAN
McCmnber'a Accession "to the Throne
of Penrose fit' Wormwood lto the
Political arid .Industrialist Old ,
Guard West and South Enjoy
the New -Situation and Ex
pect Results From Xt '
" Line otFurther .Suc V
cession Traces to
- - La Fofiette-t -" :
raily Editorial Digest
-(Cotaolutetad Piaa AjaoeMtioni
"Probably the most powerful " position
in congress, and from an economic as
pect hardly less Important, than the pres
idency i tat It. is the chairmanship of the
seuate finance committee. . The death of
Senator Penrose left it vacant, and the
succession, under the' time-honored, sen
iority rme, goes to Senator Porter 3.
McCumber of North Dakota. Thus for
the first time in 60 years that, import
ant committee will be directed: by
Westerner. That in. Itself -a number of
writers regard as "not a pleasant pros
beet for the Eastern states, which pay
the bulk of the taxes and which because
of their vast industrial and financial in
stitutions are vitally affected by fiscal
legislation.1 But when to this loss of
control by the East is added the fact
that the Westerner who succeeds to
power hv the Hartford Courant (Rep.)
aaaerts. "an acknowledged part of that
agricultural bloc that has not hesitated
to biiow that it plans to run the country
Just as much as it possibly can for the
interests of a. particular class, of citi
sens, many editors celt that an especial
iy auspicious moment had arrived' to
break what the New York Times (Ind.
Dem.) called "the foolish rule of senior
of a conflict between viHages, not an
the inhabitants went to--war. bat the
most doughty warrior was dressed in
the village armor and 'sent against the
chsmphwi of the rival place. The brown
fabric covering encasing tne boar ana
legs. Which -xormed the Gilberts- armor,
was made out of coir string taken from
the husk of the cocoanut. so closely
woven as to make a protection stronger
than hoard, and having greater lightneaa
to recommend It. A further breastplate.
Invulnerable to any native weapon, was
made from the dried skin of the stin fa
rce, or ray fish, which dried as hard aa
metal. In the last few years peace has
settled over the Gilberts and the armor
has ceased to be manufactured. The
few suits in existence have all been
seised by collectors of rare articles.
PONS. Anybody selling them for less
has sacrificed money which could,
and should, have been retained if
. Now that the war bonds are no
longer issued, it behooves every citi- became a multi-millionaire,
zen to buy what he can of what may
be put on the market and also to
NOW comes a t statement from
nrominpnt rnilrnrt official
the effect that with the reduction
in rates consequential to the relief
from transportation taxes the roads'!
expect a more expeditious movement
of freight, more travel and greater
return to the roads.
It is public recognition by rail
road officials that reduced rates
produce heavier earnings than rates
that serve to drive traffic from the
roads. It is admission that the rail
roads will do better with decreased
rates. It is testimony that a greater
volume of business even at reduced
cnarges is more aesiraDie from a
railroad standpoint than les3 busi
ness at higher rates.
That is the basis on which the
late F. W. Woolworth proceeded. He
depended on a tremendous volume
of business even at reduced margin'
of profit to bring him earnings. He
That practice "has always been fraught
with potential dangers of great magni
tude," the Hartford Courant continues.
and political fortune now "changes the
potential to the certain," for, the New
Haven Journal Courier (Ind.) contends.
Mr. McCumber possesses no such knowl
edge of the revenue needs of the country
St large, and of its separated revenue
producing powers, not of the national
field of human activity and investment
as to warrant his selection If the contest
was an open one between men of known
fitness," and with the New York Herald
(Ind.) and i others, the Journal Courier
maintains that the mantle should have
fallen upon Senator Smoot as the better'
Letters From the
fCtamaniilaiUoaa arat to Tho Journal for
pnhUcatioa ia this AcparUneat ahoold b wittat
aa only aaa aa x w pbikt. aaooai
mm aaa nnli lrnxth. and aaast ka
by tha writer, wbaaa atil iitOiaai m fall
aceoajpanj tba eaaufbation. f ,
COMMENT : AND ; NEWS IN SBRIEE?V
TAKES. ISSUE WITH "O. R. M."
Opposes the Official Recognition of Pub
lic School Dancing.
Eugene, Jan. 16. To the Editor of
The Journal A writer tn The Journal
who signs himself R. M. upholds
dancing in the public schools, and while I war.
he denies a defense of the modern dance.
yet it is plain the object is to make
the public schools sponsor the dance and
help to make it respectable. The same
threadbare argument was worn to
shreds In trying the "uplift" movement
in the attempt to save the saloons. How
often we heard it said that the way to
handle the liquor traffic was to put
good men behind the bar and make the
saloon respectable, and surround the
trafCo with strict regulations In the In
terest of decency.
"G. R. M." admits the tendency of
the modern dance is downward when he
- SMALL CHANGE
The swmmDlBs: of a llnuar enft at the
mouth of the river saved a lot of liquor
iron ue same xaie.
The governor novea to' treat drug
ura, a headline advises. Just what ks
meant by that wor "treat"?
. Chicago yarore are ahowinr a prefa-
dice against Janitors. ' Kaay to see that
mos. oi inem uve w apartment nouses.
Anyway, the' frsh air fiends are less
pernicious in their demands with the
mercury near the bottom of the scale.
'Juries, incidentally, are daily pro vine
themselves moat disagreeable bodies, it
that's what the papers mean when they
tanml 1iirv ilin.in.- .
Hay doctrine has been revived by the
Far Eastern confaranra at Wiahlnrtnn
But with horseflesh vanishing why oon-
Have hope! Saw a
bunch of pussy willows the other day
w uie awo salesmen are Deglnning to
taua. awui ravoianca ana straw Derriea.
HOW sentiment does change. We're
now calling La Follette aU -sort of firm
winga, loiauy aisregaromg what we
aaia snout nun in the early days of the
Of course, w wouldn't start an argu-
"rai wiui me weatner Dureau. but we
have out private ooinion of anv h
that tells us the minimum temperature
i uecrees aoove wnen we bytew good
ana weu 1L is tu DeJOW. .
t tfyaeak aF r
rthers. Club to Be Hora Aothre
Ulne hi the Cottagt Grove Sentinel.
t's right;-don't ."tre the red and
i tv . --- - -
spoil the child;" Batrtorr, County Oourtor
The new'rrjbartT- donsi-"is' te V
chanaA -beeauaa-t -fwfa not stack,'
no iar as that is teaoamti. nave
always had dlffioulty making the .old
The Teeolotmn' ado-Dted y 'the veenate
malorlt' daeiarM KaraArr raUrv- of
bribery and. corruption i the election
dui goou enough te be- a senator, pos
sibly that max Jke rightsEugene Guard.
For a concern that nas been definitely
"crapped" by Anarrican politician. Um
Lague oi nations ahews - surprising
vitaHty. Perhaps after all the United
Eta tee senate Is not .the a bole thing tn
Capital Journal. .- -
settling the fate ot-' the world.-
The stall snttreme Vetirt of alnntana
has declared the bachelor tax uncenaii-
luuoniL sucn acuoa tar cevtaiauy c
nrxndable. It 'to tough enough- luck to
be a bachelor but Xa have to pay taxes
with that misfortune as the basis of the
tax is our idea oi "the a of the limit.'
Pendleton Cast Oregoakan.'
A few deaths from moooehine bower
in every eoutnuntty will put meet of us
in a more law-abiding frame of mind,
and while that would-be drastic treat
ment, yet It may be - The .only . means
aner an or re any enforcing 'an art
which a a part of tta tflghect code
or the lan a, the Untied states constitn
uoa The Dalles Chronicle. -
MORE OR, LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town-
Ura EL E. Howe, now of Mosier but
formerly of Portland. Is registered at
'17. lewnd Vacouve; p-oniandt . H"';
?Ut tLth tw!fa?uri- oJne. to Oregon in the early '50a Her
iLSPSn aVPit nSS rathr w" fm boatbullder in the
is "dance craty. and ays only a few a H . . - mnrt
It is the Ford plan. Low, priced
par, nritb ft mviall w. n .4h V.
r,n.. l .V,. . - ,,, . I "
. , I vrweouuiu Tgiumt ui BaKB is tile
basis of the Detroit manufacturer's
-rne Z5rcent thrift stamp and 15 I success:
war savings stamp have been dlsr
continued with the first of the cur
rent year, but there are still
It is not Mr. McCumber's eeograph
leal alignment that is worrying the
papers and 'The old guard who re'
fearful of the result of his accession; toJ
the finance committee chairmanship the
Chattanooga News (Dem.) thinks, for
they "would have agreed to go west,; a
tireeiey aavtseu, ir they coulcl have had
Smoot instead of McCumbeft To the
detractors of the North Dakota senator
ffthe catastrophic event" .as the Colum
bia (S. C.) State (DenxV interprets it.
Is "for the tariff making committee to
have for its head a senator .not a 'busi
ness man'," and they mean "by busi
ness man a senator who knows how to
frame tariffs for , the benefit; of those
for whom tariffs", are ramet" TherJ
is buii a crumo or oomiorx. nowever,
which the Sprihgfleld Republican dnd.)
hold out to "Watt Streetr and Eastern
financial interestsfortttnts out. Mc-
wimwr comea up ior preelection in No
vember, and "if he should be defeated
back home Wall Street- 'could find com
pensation in the fact that Senator Smoot
would TOcceed him." But the flavin that
LOlntme- is that "if anything 'should then
nappe?, jo Mr. Smoot, Avail Street' would
have a fit The Republican next in line
after Mr. Smoot is Robert M, LaFollet
come under that head. Yet he favors
the public at large Uxfhg themselves for
the public schools and making it a part
of their business to supply and sponsor
a decent piece for that small "dance
crary" crowd to educate their feet to
respond to the sy of the all-alluring
-Jaxz. ; ..... :
I am not a Methodist bat have never
yet seen or heard of them acting any
special favors of the public -schools for
their children. But they and all other
churches have a right to demand that
the pBbiie schools, which they help to
support do not throw down the bars to
every craty fad that comes along.
I do not pretend to Judge as to the
righteousness or sin of the modern dance
for others, nor have I the ability or de
sire to draw the line beyond which a
free Christian people should go. but I
do believe if I were. the devil I should
rejoice to see our public school houses
all turned into public dance halls.
I F. Wooley.
early days of Oregon.
a a i a
Grace 'O. Lund of Tucson, Aria, is a
guest of the Portland and Is not com
plaining of the heat of Portland
a a a-
Mrs. Baxter Hutchinson, hailing from
Pilot Rock in Umatilla county, is reg
istered at the Portland.
P. J. Kurta, well known resident of
the Capital City, Is a business visitor
Mr. and Mrs. M. 6. McKay of Corval
lis are at the Seward.
D. E. Skinner of. Tangent is
land on business.
a a a
Mra F. F. Eddy and daughter
Eugene are at the Seward.
Mrs. L. A. Chapman of Sioux Citv la
visiting in Portland. En route to Port
land she stopped at La Grande and
visited her sister. Mrs. C B. Miller.
J. F. Kinney of Heppner is in Port
land to secure medical attention for hia
little daughter, llene. who recently in
jured one of her eyea
Mra V? V t7K..v t 11 L- i.
visiting her daughter. Miss Merle Hath
away, and Mrs. J. Dickey In Portland.
Jake Vlerow and Al Springer of Lake
side, In Coos county, are at the Im
P. Q. Kegel, lotr time resident of Pen
dieton. Is et the Imperial,
Mr. and Mra G. O. P.owe of Pendle
ton are guesai 0f the Oregon.
P. L. Duncan of Stanfield Is transact
ing business in Portland.
O. W. Lancester of Bend is at the
EL M. Murphy of Bend is at the Port
can do the Job alone?
S " Here Is one thing which the up-
state communities talk about: They
children and adults to continue the
practice of thrift, which has been
Increasing steadily for at least two
The $1000 limit has been raised
to $1000, making the treasury certi
ficates attractive to those who can
invest as much in safe, moderately
yielding securities. These certifi
cates sell at $20 for the $25 certifi
cate, with the $100 and $1000 certi
ficates selling at $80 and $800. All
mature at full value In five years.
The second Arbuckle farce has be
gun. As before, it will probably turn
out that It Is the district attorney
and the witnesses for the state that
will seem to have been the guilty
parties! It Is not so much, tfie fault
of the judicial system as the fickle
sense of the sanctity of Justice and
the importance of law lhat'helps the
big ones go unwhipped..
THE HIGH COST OF MART
But it is not profitable in the lonf tti fx f V S Mempma ws seimi-
run for the railroads to drive wagesithe chairmanship from the East to the
of employes to rock bottom In orderTWest; from the representatives of big
that the stockholders may reap theVl Business to the representative of farm-
harvest of the greater earnings ry'm a p e"' e CoW
reduced rates. The employes, liken bus (O.) Dispatch (Ind.). accordingly
the public, are entitled to cohsideralhds It "difficult not to believe that the
tion in th niirmxi hn.inoo. a ;J fbreaking down of the Cameron-Quay-
- "-Penrose dynasty must prove a wholesome
",uu"u liui. '51-thinjr for American nolitical lifo " Anri
'Jtf11 so happens fortunately, the Grand
After six months' work in a blackl p'aA "tral? (Ind ) ""as. "that Sen
... . . . i wwuuimi una an unusually Bpien-
rl u "u.v.w.ulll equipment ana capacity ror this su-
ot Uermany is described by Senatoj I prt-meiy important post and a Western
Capper's paper as ready to make t rewpolnl' lurtnermore, win not come
horseshoes at $19 apiece. It is ijfcmlss- ? refreshing novelty
- . i
rar more respectable business thaaj The Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
Anmmflnrllni- tia vwav rTlvlclnna W 1 (Dem.) also speaks warmly of the North
MA-m ....,!. i. ir TI -"-"- w. uuiiiicuons, nailing
v - I him as "a man of rrt i-rrurin. r
w viwtiui, uiyuu i wo wunu, in-1 mucn learning, inaustrious, cautious, in
deed, royalty no longer fills a long I oepenaent honest sincere," slowly com-
dirtt .Faced jnnCAGO
say that practically every resident of rpnE mathemaUcs of the Chicago world like CUc,oT
tag before the country "as one of the
really strong men of the senate." But
.admittlng his ability and evidences of
"Bound statesmanship," the Syracuse
Herald (Ind.) still feels that "the in
fluences about him cannot hA lft mit
City in the Of the reckoning." He is generally re-
garged as a "strong member of the
A majority of Chicaeo aldermen' agricultural bloc," and with his eleva-
. . , . . . . .. uon to bo important a position in the
frankly admit that they oppose pro- n!ite the Newark News ind.) insiders
hiblUon. The pracUce of a large if likely that "a powerful impetus may
proportion of 3,000.000 people 4s be 'given the whole agrarian program,"
based hpon' their attitude. :. : ' 'V f,dfvWb" lh t.af iciitu-a bloc .wants
, - , , ' - . is the very antithesis of what the east-
City hajl employes have Just been ern part of the country want- il.
foe Ita nut In bearlne tha entire l, fn, v. i,i i arrested, charged With being UO to Hartford Times (Dem.)" ' - :-.
t the expoMUon. This Is a cont.n- were witness by packed audiences. JTA.. sfs.-Vew
uon uiti, aiong wnn tne paycnoiogy ine aencit was due to the ponderous " umh i York Globe (Ind.) concedes, "but there is
'Tsat creates It. the committee may Items of expense involved In per- ed to custorner to patrol wagons is j no reason to believe that he will nourish
THE FARM -CONFERENCE
A List of Objectives Deemed Essential
to Farmers' Relief
Union, Jan. 1C. To the Editor of The
Journal The conference called by Secre
tary of Agriculture Wallace to meet In
Washington January 23 will be watched
with interest From time Immemorial
the farmer has simply been used as bait.
Will an attempt be made at this con
ference to continue to so use him? Of all
the agencies of production the farmer
1-3 the most helpless. He Is made the
prey of price gamblers at Chicago,
fmoney gamblers in Wall street and of
politicians. It has been, and is now, a
part of the program of big business,
controlling all three of the above com
binations, o line up the farmers on
the question of labor "deflation." Big
business, with the aid of governmental
agencies, has "deflated" the farmer fill I of the Perkins.
pit the farmer against labor and bring
labor to its knees it will have won an
other big point in its "deflation" schema
It would seem that the farmer has yet to
learn that the steady employment of
labor at good wages is ne of the main
things upon- which his Industry depends.
The laborers of the country are the most
l'beral buyers of farm products when
employed at good wages.
The two things most needed by the
farmer today are a stabilized price for
his product at a figure at which he can
be assured of a profit and labor em
ployment at good wages. The interests
of the farmer and laborer run together
instead of apart If the farmers' confer
ence at Washington would put the mat
ter up to congress of guaranteeing the
farmer a price for his wheat meats, cot
ton, etc., at such figures that profits
would be assured for the next two years,
Insist upon the destruction of the gam
bling wheat and cotton exchanges at Chi
cago and New York, and put a limita
tion on the money gamblers of Wall
street something might result to the
interest of the farmer. As long as the
farmer looks 'to "tariffs" and money
loaning schemes he will be in the
With organization and cooperation,
the eradication of the gamblers at Cht-
H. E. Foster1 of the Capital City is
registered at the Cornelius.
Mr. and Mrs. 3. J. Davis are down
from Lexington on bustnesa
Mr. and Mra F. It Parker of Eugene
are guests of the Cornelius.
Sherford Miller .Of Richmond is at the
Mr. and Mrs. P. P. Hall of Salem are
at the Perkins.
R, W. Caldwell of Hood River is
G. W. McMillan of Willamina is
istered at the Perkins.
the p-state would come to the ex
position, and that all the ready
money on the outside would flow Into
Portland. They think this, along
with many other beneflta would be
a. Opera company, soon to appear!
in Portland, ia tremendons.
( The reckoning showed that the!
company's expenditures exceed the
revenues by more... than )$0O,0Tf0.
Mrs. I. W. Noble of Canby is a guest
C O. Hawkins of Newport is at the
Oscar .-Thyholt of Westport is reg
istered at the Perkins.
F. E. Clark Is here from Eugene.
A rew I seen baa bean t&eed at'' t
work-on the Oaves aJcbwmy tn jam ptiiae
eownty- ilaai laei away -idea. - a t
lira Ann Merraa. a rraHdant af Una -
County corrtftiuooalr for te yearn, died .
at.he home la Albany last Wklay. .
Ordinary soft drinks mar be eroevred -
In' Albany new fee 4 cents for the first.
Ume since the early days t the war. v
Tillamook eounty aaa 1(11.00 anil-.
able for road improvement and week wta
begin as noon as weatner coadHiexts pee- '
A dralnaa-e district la twin mra-amlaaJ
just amst o Albany tn Lira eounty for
the Burpee ! reclaiming DOS acre of
Elisabeth Dorr Gerhard a rMAtt mt
Corval U and vtcinlty for more than SO
yearasted m that city January 14, ago
U years-, , m.
A force or 10 men is being recruited , ' -to
combat the pine-destroying beetle ia
the yellow plaie forests aoulh of aTia
uaath laae. -
Fifty per rent ef the jurors to' be ae- . '
lected for eervkoa during the March term :
of the Warton county circuit oourt will ;
JL & MelOnger, near Neaberg. baa
SO acres of bearing kneaaberrtea wbknh
huar veer bnatucaal lanra Uiaa aa tmmm
Mof berries. -
- Taa Radio club recently organised at",
the' CoJversity of Orrroa la busy la
staUtng a wireloas teiegrapb tvant to
taae ans send news lor the Emerald.
A eamnahm for new member, for the
Oreron Groa-ers Cooperative naeodaUon "
m the .Nf oerv eiatrtct brouxht la U
nw members with 1(0 acres of bearing
Plans have been romnleted and wtar4x
will soon start on Seaside's new tTt.Me
school butldJtir. which will rontaia If
laa rooms and an -'- Kail mm.t-
Ing tiO peonkv
On account of tta AamiM fna - -
from high prodortr.g. dint, the Tilla
mook COW Teat iTr lUnrUtlA, Kaa Am-
cided to pool mtereeia and fix a prkoe
More than It Deraons mm.
veraion uunne the mrtlnrs held rerewi.
ly en the Methodlat chunk at Jefferosn
under the 5 fraction of tha paator. Krv.
The li-oer.t haircut and ISwant ahaao
have returned to &alm after an ab
aenre of aeveral vesxa. A barbers' war
t Woodbum has reduced nrkrea la XL
and 10 centa
Captain rfaroie O Arrhlhald. am of
O. A. Archibald, yfcre praertaont of Um
Albany State sank, has been eaamad
as Instructor la federal artillery courses
at the I'ntveraity of Kansas.
H. B. Fogarty of North Powder
transacting business m Portland.
R. A Arnold Is up from Toledo for
brief visit In the metro poll a.
Mr. and Mrs.
R. E. RusaeU are here
Cleveland Is in town from
Rogers of Eugene is here en
ClUaeaa of TolaAs Inn
S:&.Ooe to remodel the b'.S rovernmeat
mill at that place, which. It Is thought
will be In. opera tkrm within a few aarka
witn MOO mve on the parreM. Ttte tnlll
haa a capacity of 0.0t0 faet of loaaber
bank at Dayton met taet arark and do- '
clarrd a dividend of IS per ornL. ,
As the reanat of a recent memkaf alilp
drive. Aberdeen poet of the Ameriran
Ircioa tae now a oembarahls of naa rtr '
Members of the WaCa Walla Corxcre- '.
national .church are planning the awe-. ,
Kn or a new church eOiItce to -cost
Colonel Raymond Hall, reterse ef the '
Civil war ani pioneer resident of Wash
ington, died st North port laat week, aged
Road work In 9nckane rmorv tkks
year mill break at! rroor-da, with fltM
OOO to he expended by the county, a Lata
and federal governments.
Fire ohk-h broke out tn the E. K. .
Wood mill at Hoqutam Satarday did
SSoia) dimtrt before It was Coolly seo-dua-d
by the aprmkler ayatem. v
Explosion of a aupooadly rmtlr ru
tank baturdar oTockae the Eaei End
Welding works at Walla Waiia and
hadry baraaat -WlEioai . Bond. ' an- 'es-
pioya - . - -
w I An pacne maul la made of the eoraaoll-
Mra. S. C EndlcolC society matron ofldation ef tho Farmaera State bank of
O. D. Teel and H. M. Moore are down
from the Butref Creek country.
Dodd of Haines
la at the Ira-
O. F. Miller of Eugene Is Is town on
J. E- Cox is down from White Salmon
and Is registered at the ImpyiaL
J. C. Frenchjlk down from tHlfur on
Bandoa, to a guest of the ImperiaL
C. W. and F. B. Glenn of Vale are
registered at "th Imperial
J. C. Perry is here from Salem.
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
. The berlsalns Oraoon'a town of Sprint
fifld are traoad by Mr. Uxkirj to their nmaurt
sareaa. It te bow a miU tow, and "o H w
at a vary aarlr daXa, ahortlj aftrr EUaa Bnsci
erected a cabin beaide tha iprlnc that later cava
tha town ita name.
While I w as In ' ugene recently at
tending the convention of the Oregon
newspapermen I took a few houra off
and went over to Springfield to have a
talk with Isaac Stevens. Speaking of
Springfield, did you ever happen to won
der why the town was named Spring
field? Away back in 1849, when the eyea
of the world were on California and Its
newly discovered gold fields, iiiaa
Bt-lggs took up his donation land claim
on the present site of Springfield. He
put up his log cabin oy we siae oi
cago and in Wall street a guaranteed up nis log cao.n y ' " 7
price for a limited Ume and concessions! spring In the field, and when n
of time from creditors, the farmer may bis place into various encioiu .. ----
pull out; otherwise he is practically
s 'sufficient compensation to Portland This was due, not' to lack of patron
Man Who Drives a Car Figures Fair
Advantages Despite Tax.
Linn ton, Jan. 11. To the Editor of The
Journal After reading the many letters
in your columns regarding the outside
feeling toward the 123 exposition, It
can be plainly seen that the authors are
well consider. I formances on so gigantic a scale.
Nor Is It certain that the limit of Here Is example of some of the
H.000,000 set as the cost of the ex- expenditures: florence Macbeth was
position must be adhered to. There engaged at enormous salary to sing
are many people who think the fig- a series of roles, but never made an
ura might be reduced. They argue appearance. Lydia Lipkowska was
that It Is quite possible to make the engaged as premier In a Russian
exposition too pretentious for the opera staged at a cost of $100,000 or
, business conditions likely to prevail so, but the performance was never
between the present and the time of given. Famous singers were im-
, I he fair. ported from Europe, and though re
After all the expenditure of time talned for many weeks, sang but
and money already made, and af ter I once or twice. These were some of the
the showing In the vote that Portland
people want a 1126 exposition, the
project ought not to fall. ' It Is cer
tain that there are already aetivUles
and enterprises going, forward that
.would . not. be in motion ' except
through expectancy that an exposi
tion Is to be held, i It Is entirely prob
able that much of the building ac
tivity Is predicated upon It! 5.
It Is not a discouraging thing that
orae ef the plans have gene awry.
The great mistake was that up-state
- delegates who bam to the state
wide conference! did not know the
sentiment of their respective com
m unities, and their reports . misled
the conference Into mistaken action.
But one mistake or half a dosea mis
takes aa more settles an Issue than
one swallow makes a summer.
It would be a crime for all the
patriotic work Mr: Meier and his
, associates have done to come to
naught It was a sincere effort to
features last season. This year, with
Mary Garden still as directress, there
Is a more economical management
but . still with a guarantee by rich
backers of a minimum deficit of
WHAT ABOUT TOUR WIFE?
HOW much time should a husband
arive to hla work- Rnm
- - - - uwu
to his wife? Should a man's work
and his wife be competitors?
The questions came to the fore
the other day tn a divorce action.
The) wife alleged cruelty. But the
complaint alleged no indidelity or
violence. It charged him with over
whelming devotion to his work.
Re went to his duty in the morn
ing as quickly' as he could get his
breakfast. He hadn't time for those
little telephone calls that during the
day, 'bring happiness to many
horaemaker. He was too busy to re
mind the florist ot such events In
now old. Traffic officers on theny more economic delusions than did
roads that lead chiefly to roadhouses 'M8 Predecessors. He may try to give
are said to be unfailing sources of Trs maV bVa, aT the" tadSl
uniawiui sumuiiuii ior tnose on me l tnaiisxs nave been, but it is no lons-er
know." possible to maintain that one side Is in-
Breweries are nrodneine what l lcu,geat w"-eas the other is not" In
. I H Fl V PV.n T th. TV.;. . T. .
Al-A - I ' : . ----- i.iuuuc tvep.j
w i coaienus. -jar. McCumber is not in the
real thing that a chemical analysis I inner circle of the farmer group and has
cant detect the difference. .:-r I icw!a out judgment as a sen-
At the same time murder is on the h "Jn 'l":
Increase, Moonshine murder Is ret- Public Ledger (Ind.) says, "the North
tine to be the commonest' of Crimea I Dakotan may think oftener of wheal.
State prosecutors, however, are quot- f11 na "an of steel and
-a nMMrr tr, M. textiles, he is nobody's radical." and "no
- " ' w" isuoaen break with the past is likely'
victions are almost impossible. They I "
y that low morality lowered by 1 'tT.-
moonshine infects Juries as well as Uould oe ratter ierai tar
aeienaants. immorality grows witnigress and hence more profitable team-
contempt for law. Half-hearted f or disinterested legislatipn. It the
nM. .lw.n. hHna- in a riraa-met fll snarea more generously in the
. ' 1 chairmanships of important committees,'
' .w viciiua. i ana to this ena. aa the Omahe wrM,
The visitor in Chicago notices even J Herald (Ind.) sees It "Western and een-
anmnminr nr Alnmr btwv t I auaiss uun lorn a leal rrora tne
public building, and business blocks. or tast ot. a.
It looks as if Chicago needs her face electing Its senators and the West that
washed, a hath and fumigation, both kept changing them. - Bat that condi
tion is changing, and with it the control
physically and morally.
In other respects Chicago Is a
great city, as unique in ambition as
in contempt for law.
and complexion of the senate."
Dartmouth girls were asked to ap
pear at a ball wearing woolen stock
ings and high overshoes. "We would
rather see you warm and pretty thaa
cold and expensive," read the invita
tion, which frowned upon sheer silk
hose and fragile VpUtri'Ps' as cold
Cufious Bits of Information
Gleaned From Curious Places
Only one tribe tn the South Pacific
islands ever rose to the height of invent
ing armor to be used tn their warfare.
But even this tribe, the Gilbert islanders.
turned out only a few suits, owing to
tie work entailed in the enanufacture.
Francis Dickie says. In the Scientific
American, that the suits were limited in
number, and that every village was the
proud possessor of one. At the outbreak
B. F. Wilson.
GAS TAX HAS NO TERRORS
to refer to this enclosure aa 'the sprmf
field." and the name is . perpetuatea in
the town of Springfield.
Mr. Stevens is a typical mountaineer.
Ha la tall and slender. He has a long
m hrt and a Southern accent In
answer to my question he said:
"Tou"re right I was born in Ten
nee see, but I moved to Missouri whes
I was a baby. I was born March i,
tiiHina hhiTit th. . ta.n I IMS. which, according to my reckoning,
wonder if these people have flgtred maxes me bs come tne
what a 2 cent tax on gasoline would March. My lather, w imam jo. o-
n,in .to thom iniUvirtimiiw? rviit-ir-1 ens. and my-mother. Hixey v. Jones,
the oast year I drove mv car 13.D0O were both born in ?ortn iarouna.
miles and I do not believe the average J Father and mother with their 10 chil
drlver will cover more than half that die- dren started for Oregon in 1847 from
tance. Tea, I drive a Ford and. Will av Bolivar. Polk county. Missouri. That
erage about 20 miles to the gallon, which county has as many square miles in It
would roan my personal zair tax about I as the old Oregon donation land claims
III a year and that of the average driver f had square acres-"-40. A bullseye Isn't
$3.25. I ,ny more In the center of a target than
t am a resiaenc oi atuiuoman county i i. Rnllvar. the county seat. In the cen
and as we have gone through the pioneer Ur 9f poUc county. Uncle Billy Vaughn
stage or our pavea roaas, i am paying a I ... th. c.nttn of our vwon train. He
had cone to Oregon in 184a and ban
come back te get bis family."
claim tin he was killed, by a stallion.
In the spring of 18(0. Father was born
at Raleigh. N. C June 27. 1805. so he
was 55 when he was killed. Father and
mother were married in North Caro
lina and In 1818 they moved to Ten
nessee. In 183C. when 1 was a baby.
they movedi to Polk county. Missouri
In the, spring of 1848 father and the
older boys plowed 40 acres of sod with
six yoke of oxen snd a home made plow.
Patherwas a stockman and had 70 head
or more of cattle, not counting his work
"When I was about 20 years old I
went to the Southern Oregon mines la
Jackson county, near Jacksonville. I
Joined .Captain Billy Wilkinson's com
pany 1o the fall of 1855 and served in
the Rogue River Indian war till the
early spring of 185C The next year.
1SST. I went to Columbia college at
Eugene. Tha) college was founded by
E. P. Henderson In the fan of 11 i
rne iirst two school bnUdlngs were
burned down and a stone' building was
built The college lived only three years.
W. H. Byars. now of Salem; W. W
Fldler. now of Urania Pass; Joe Mat
lock. Joaquin Miller and a lot of ether
well known men were students while
I was attending the college.
"The next year, 1858. I was married
to Careen Worsham. I ran a butcher
a hop lor seven years in Eugene. Later
I bought a 1500-acre ranch, sailed the
Cogswell place, four miles from Eugene
and ran stock."
tax on arasoUne to finance the roads in
outside counties and. thouranda of .other
auto owners are doing, the same. We
also pay a license which Is not spent In
Multnomah county alone. We are glad
to do It v
And why are are paying "this tax? So
that those who are .against the fair can
come to Portland in 193 and enjoy the
exposition, which will advertise Oregon
ana ormg new mooa, not into Muitnomatt
county alone but to canr section of thai
state and especially to the sparsely set
tled areas. This alone -will reduce tax
ation. kJL B. Stone.
Hat ton wKh tba Stats bank of Connen.
The merged InoUtuUon wUl be located at
The Union Oil rocneany of California
has pnrchaaod a tract of 12 lots la Ho- ,
aulam and will aonn berln work on the .
erection of a UOO.OOO structure.
The five and one-half mile stretch of
the Pacific highway between La Center.
and Woodland la aald to be tmpaaaaMe
for automobiles. The road wlU be naved 1
early this season.
Unable to sorvtve the shock of the re- '
moval of a 71 -pound tumor from tila ab
domen. . Albert Mrlntyre, It, died in a
.-poaane noepitai saturasy a law boars ,
after the operation.
As an Indication of the growth of the
Monteaano Poultry industry ooe firm.
Pick art nr A Sons, boa taken orders for
lO.oeO- baby chicks for aorinr delivery.
compared with 450 ordered last year.
Nearly 850 aron crowera of the Walla "
Walla Taller met laat Thursday and oe- '
elded to form an orxantaauoa of their-
own for the purpose of marketing their
rruit .inrouga their own an an
Woodland -buainewa nvaa recently sub
scribed -130O0 toward the expense of the
spur track from the rail ay to the
LwavJe, elver for the aooomnSodattoai of
the Jpeih : ror Lorrtng company sad
the tewia River Boom company.
Uncle Jeff SnqaV Says
It's somethln new in court far a ledse
to send a woman te the" 'svlnm 'cum
she has too many children and . the
neighbor women criticises ' her bouse-
keepin'. That's' what a Jetige has done
in Idaho. I dsjntio of any woman with
a famly butVmight git sent to Jail if
the neighbor iomen'i gossip about her
housekeepin' was tuck - as - evidence.
There's a whole lot of Ameitcaa women
that'll never go to Jail nor .the 'sylam
fer havin too many children, 'anther,
NOTHING SMAIXi ABOUT 1221
. - ' Praam the Chiease Na-aw
Little old 121 generously leaves a few
crises for 1922. .... : -
More than 2000 emigrants came to
Oregon In 1845. the year Billy Vaughn,
thai guide., treat d the plains. One of
the parties that started from Independ
ence. Mo., was under command of Pres
ley Welch- Joel Palmer and Samuel K.
Barlow, both of whom later became
famous tn Oregon, were Welch's aides.
Another, party was captained by Sam
Hancock. Several parties started from
St Joe. among them a train ef over M
wagons in command of A. Hackleman,
one : Of over CO w agons -commanded by
W. G. rvault and another with still
more wagons, whose leader was Sol
Tetherow. Billy Vaughn sixed up the
Willamette valley, liked It and the to!
lowing year 'Vent -back to bring fcis
family out He started In the nprrog of
1847 and Was selected as captain of ooe
ef the' wagon-trains.
it", . . e- ;-
"IOut family speht the winter of 1847
on -Mill' creek near -Salem.' said Mr.
Stevens. " "Father and the two older
boys went on pp the valley and lo
cated a claim two miles -north of Spring
field on what is now known as the' Bird
farm." -They built a cabin. and the rest
of us came down and on Christmas day,
1M7, we moved is. Father lived on our
While Ellas M. Briggs took up the
site of Springfield aa a donation land
claim tn lit! be moved In 1(51 to a
place about two miles sway so as to
be convenient to the ferry which he
operated where the steel bridge
later built. Two years later Mr. Briggs
and his. son built a gristmill, and J. N
Donalds- ran a store on the present
site of. the city. W. B. Pangra moved
there tn J13.
(111 m m R Tmrmr tn a, i iui llwtov
near Indian On the" lower Bnake rtvor. .
fell even at bis ranch last Friday. '
Burxlars entered the fttate Ilir.k or '
Mlddieton a few nlrbU axo and riflad
bout 40 safety deposit boxes. The loss .
Is said to be slight.
Application' .for the forminr of s rural
high attool district by Ada county '
erltoel district No. 11 and two dkatrieai mt
Canyon. eounty haa been granted. ' t
A 'recommendation that the Infantry '
company recently recruited and nnaaterwa
in at cajoweii be anangae to a cavalry 1
orxantaatlon has rone forward to Uta
Stnyrk by a coatine aled on arlibe,
werefooT boys,' snd beror ror.fined tn
the -heepHal twO montha. Mrs Kii,
llrrmaa has filed s til.eoe damage salt "
against the city of Wallace. :8
Reoanaa- ef - the reairfrvmraita mt vs.
Make '"brua sky" law. the erflaes of the
iwision-ciarKsioa tnt lias and Pipe-
ne rooinaiir hare twn r.im. m -
Lawteton to Clarkston and the buainaaat J
ot ye company alii be conducted from
mere la the fa-tare.
? H.S0e FOfl BOXNKTHXE
rVaaa tha" AaUrta Badcat
One of the MIU pa ad at the special
-ton or the legislature appropriated
He waa bom ha New Tork 1 . to repair the erm Uma eoate
atato il 1U4. and in 1858 settled on a "7."? ""?!TT. " tjooaenue it
ranch near Springfield with hi brother KMlMroou4 lpreeoniaUve Hard
B. J. Pengra. The following year bel01 a8P county.
moved to Jackson county and erected nue inks community has a vary
the first sawmill at Phoenix. He re- Interest la the hatrbarias of Ue
turned o Springfield In 1858 and be- 8UU- u u amiss te call aJtention te
earns interested In the flouring mill and fct the SCVOO conks have been
aawmOL better epect in -lanprwvlag the IkMcbery
a a e I w uua vvwiz, murrmm mrm aot. w no
te imi Mr. Penrra and some others tearea sere- aneahe proximity te the
bought the Brlgga claim and built and I trrwo ,te anaU -.oalanow. a nanch
operated a woolen mill where the farm- "" WI
rs could have their wool carded and. I
it they cared to pay the toll, couid have i-- 77 TTw
It spun. The two Pengra brothers boaght
out their partners In 1872. The first
Church built at Springfield was the Bap
tist church, erected at a coot ef SUM
In 1871 with Rev. J. C Richardson as
Its first pastor. The mlllrsce was dug
In 1252 Just after the building of the
first mtU In the forks of the Willamette.
which was built by Captain Levi Scott
in the fan of 18SL E. Briggs and his
son boot a sawmill and a gristmill tn
the winter of 1252.
mlaaion - but haa nevertheless, shads
reeord In the belching and rearing of
saimtHl' that challenges the BosaevCOe
hatchery ' te make - anything noar the
same showing. vexpansi consideeed. . ,
The. Bonneville hatchery Is a groat
show place' and as aoeh a a great aaair.
to the upper Columbia highway. - The
aahaoa industry, would be.rh benefi
ciary if the rommlealoe would kpiad
loss rnewey Is naeJatabnlng tale halrbary
as an attraction snd more in tfrrelos
The prosperity of Springfield new. as i ing hw hex-aery of the lower Coiomhla, .
tn the beginning. Is aaaocaated vtlk the I which is the logical one for the prop-
- a, 1 .a - aVt.W
aajuiaa: indsstry. - - t :z gao ea me