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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 15, 1921)
THE OREGON DAILY - JOURNAL, PORTLAND, OREGON
TUESDAY. . NOVEMBER 15, " 1821.
C JACKSO PnblhWt
IS calm, be aaaftUat, W cbmrfal aad
! Htm m y sial kin Ua to Htf
l-mMuh- mcr tMtli Sanaa Mraiai
. t tin Journal MMls, B mad way Bad Xaav
ViUtal at tha paaWftca at Portia ad. Orta.
for tnaamaaia throh th Mil aa mill
to make investigations on its own
account. One of its greatest offenses
in the view of bis business was its
famous report on the Big Five pack
era Another was Its exposure of
the profiteering in shoes in which
colossal profits were shown to have
been made by the trust.
Limitation of the commission's
.powers would be a direct assault
upon the American masses. It would
be a direct service to American prof
iteera. Thus, in this, as in very
FAt-inO COAST Rfcl'HtaOCTATIT
. raw, TVIa Uraraaa MUdias.
YhH OREfeO JOL'SMA
t roiart adtarttriB. ePT hi
ealarlinfiahU, 11 alae will at
too that ta sat waf Slnmlate
tar ar that
iana tha riant
aieh H Saaaat
feat an at aar
Bf farrier, fit Crnintrj.
DAILY AND SUNDAY
Oaa tt .1 I una month.
DAILY I SUNDAY
Oaa nt $ .10 ) Oaa week I .1
Oaa mmth 4 I
SI hUIU AU. RAT IS PAYABLE Cf ADVAXI
Oaa yaar M 00
Sal BM'la. . . . ill
M a .
an aMath .... 121
Tana aannth. . 1.7
Vm aixath (0
DAILY IMP SUNDAY
fUJ.i-HL.Nt Utia' 111. Aau-a.ua 0-l.
tn apwami rafna Ty mm wnmoatw
MATIOMAL ADVKKTIMLNU KFB F-SKN TA
1 TIVK iMMain a Kantaot Co.. Broarvkik
' VaJtdias. tfti vth avaaa. Nv Tort; j country, there are four basio ladus-
"""" Ti-im. V .. - I .. . .
: . . : . . li ir m a ihi mrv.
1. The fuels coal, petroleum and
I. The struct urals iron ores, tim
ber and cement.
I. The textiles cotton, wool and
4. Foods cereals and meats.
Control of one or any bf these
necessaries of life is a tremendous
source of profit Powerful Interests
seek that control. Secrecy always
attends their operations.
How to prevent small and power
ful groups of men from gaining this
control is a problem in every nation.
The claim is that, through the federal
trade commission, America is suc
ceeding better with the problem
than is any other nation. That is
why there is .effort at Washington,
through cunning processes, to trim
the commission of its powers
Senator Kenyon, Republican, of
Iowa, points out the meaning of the
proposed change and announces that
he will fight It It is probable that
he will be supported by the "Farm-
he will be supported by the "farm
err bloc" and most or tne Demo
If congress in any way limits th?
powers of the commission or does
anything to deprive It of its inde
pendence, the last and only barrier
against the greed of the profiteer!
will be gone and the country will be
at their mercy.
Thrr month. .
Oaa month ....
Kil mnatha. . . .
Thraa month i .
On rmr 110
lit mnatfca ... .
Oaa jaar -0
Thaa rala apnl? only tn Oka Wait
Bala V EaaXvrn point fumlhd on ippl Ira
ki mltUMH ar Manar omr, t-
aram OnW ar Draft. If fnr BmtoffVn U ant
manar-ardVr nfftra, 1 ar l-otat lUmpa trUl
ha aaiatJtaA Mai all ramitlaaraa parabla tu
Tha J annul Pablkhias Oaapaa;. PorUaad.
Aa aanlratla 1 a iot forarar. a
atoa aa anlM u laadad aauta. a tartan
ha?h rah aarar athaoat aa4 which tlrat aa
ar fey yaar a raraaaa ol plaaautahla ao
ntf. Ta Kara man? el UMaa la to ba
MrttuaU rlrh. Kobart Loan SUTtnaon.
TUB riOHT NOT WON
has so far failed to show any great
results in halting the raids of the
robbers. And certainly the warning
of a crime wave failed to convince
some pepoie that jewelry worn on
the street Is likely to be confiscated
by holdup men.
IF THE DAIRYMEN QUIT
I 'ME American people have tri
umphed in the firat round of the
srmament conference. A bold and
satiafactory plan for disarmament
has been offered. It was proposed in
But the arm, conference Is far
from over. In fact It Is hardly be
gun. And all thst Is to be accom
pli ah ed la yet to be accomplished.
There will be aome very strong op
poaltlon to the American- plan. Prac
tical men who know what they want
. . . ... ....
ana now to got it will be found
IF THE farmers abandon the dairy
men's leaarue. thev will set back
the dairy Industry In this state 10
If they quit, they will play directly
into the hands of the organized 'in
terests that brought money and men
into Oregon to tight and destroy the
If they quit, the Individual dairy
man will go humbly to the condenser
or creamery and ask the manage
ment the old familiar question,
"What do you pay?" It is the same
old question the farmer has been
asking for a century. It is the same
old 'question that has made renters
out of nearly half the farmers in
America, as the last census will
And the reply of the management
will be, "We pay so much, no more."
It will be not the reply of an in
dividual buyer, but the reply of
buyers operating under a gentle
men's agreement, or a close corpora
tion, or a tight and fast combine.
The price of one will be the price of
all, and It will be the same old low
price which the farmer has been up
against for a century and under
r' IS apparently the way govern
ment business is handled. But
Just what justification, (there is in
reason for the United States to con
tinue pouring money Into battle
ships that may never be completed.
as Secretary Denby says we are going
to'do, is not altogether clear. Cer
talnly any private business conducted
in that way would go to the wall
The arms conference is not yet a
success. It is not certain that our
battleship program is to be aban
doned and half-built ships scrapped
But certainly there is a possibility
that the arms conference will be sue
cessful, and if iFls every additional
nickel put into battleship construc
tion, even if the American plan is
adopted only in part, is just that
much of the people's money thrown
at the birds.
: It will be contended that battle
ship construction will increase the
authority of our delegates at the
arms conference. But it will be gen
erally agreed that America pretty well
established her reputation as a fight
er, and as a nation willing to fight,
several years ago. None of (he dele
gates will forget American naval in
ventions, American naval efficiency,
and American naval aid in the late
war. Neither will they forget Chateau-Thierry,
Belleau Wood or the
Argonne. None will overlook the
power of America in war or peace,
and the mere clatter of the riveters
within earshot of Washington, work
ing on battleships, will not increase
one whit our prestige at the confer
ence table. Such an argument is rot
Moreover, it will be argued that
battleship construction affords em
ployment at a time when employ
ment is scarce. Indeed it does. But
so do road building, reclamation
projects, river and harbor develop
ment and various other improve
ments that add to the wealth and
the happiness of a country. And o
road would not be built to be junked.
A battleship under construction now
may be junked before it is com
pleted. But it costs as much money
to build two battleships to be junked
as it does one permanent road across
the United States. ,
We may use the battleships that
are now under construction. More
likely we shall not But whether we
do or not why build them at great
cost when there ia a possibility that
they will be sorapped within the next
six months? Why throw the peo
ple's money into the sea?
Foes of the Non-Bartiaan League Exult
Over the Defeat et What They Call
By the mrrlrni nr Radical -Karnes
Friends or Those Ju
dicially Inclined Make Note
Of Points Overlooked by
Those Who Gloat
'Dally Editorial . Digest
(Couohdhtes Pnaa Aiamriatioal
A touch Of irony, perhaps. Ues in the
circumstance by which that sharp in
strument of radicalism, the recallT make
officers elected by the league is hailed
of radicalism Itself. The Non-partisan
league of North Dakota, by the success
ful recall election just held there, is
"hoist by Its own petard." as a number
of writers note. This defeat of the state
officers elected by the league is held
by two papers out of three as a victory
of American democratic principles and
"common sense" over "Marxism" and
"Bolshevism." and as bringing to an end
what the Peoria Transcript (Ind.) speaks
of as "a disastrous reign of fiatism,
socialism and sovietism in the .North
west." Most of these writers see in the
election results the certain death of the
Non-partisan league and an unmistak
able repudiation of its policies and
program. However, as the Christian
Science . Monitor (Boston, Ind.) says,
"Eastern comment on the North Dakota
recall election is perhaps more eager to
hail the result as a complete overthrow
of the Non-partisan league and its policy
of stateV:ontroUed activities than the
facts warrant," for the analytical scru
tiny to which a substantial number of
editors subject the returns develops quite
another interpretation of the actual outcome.
Letters From the People
fCumniilBa mt tn Tha
ptlbiieabcm ta thm eepaJtaaaat ahooMba nrtttaS
ob ODlr arm tin ml tha papar ahavld sot as
cend 100 onh la humh, ami ma ba aWacd
by to writer, won mail a imam aa xau
North Dakota, the Buffalo Express
(Ind. Rep.) explains, "has been attempt
ing a practical experiment in commun
ism not very different, except for the
class of people on whom It depended,
from Russian bolshevism. About every
thing, except the farms, was state-
owned." And "whether in Russia after
the Lenin idea, or in North Dakota after
the Townley idea, this theory in prac
tice always, according to the Spring
field Union (Rep.) "runs on into failure."
defeating itself, the Memphis Commer
cial Appeal (Dem.) explains, "through
its Inability to make performance meas
ure up to promise" ; for, the Philadel
phia Record (Dem) adds, "economic
laws and human nature assert their
dominance in the long run." It was the
people of North Dakota, the New York
Herald (Ind.') remarks, who went into
this "program of socialism, industrial,
commercial and financial," and they
west in "deliberately, temperately and
legally at the polls." Then they "la
bored at it diligently and patiently, put
their best intelligence into it and made
large sacrifices for it" But it failed,
and now the people of North Dakota
have voted themselves out of it and
"as the Non-partisan league was born,
so it dies." the New York Times (Ind.
Dem.) finds, "of popular discontent"
a a a
A WORLD MONROE DOCTRINE
This Formula Prescribed as Necessary
to Universal tsing Peace.
Portland. Nov. It To the Editor of
The Journal From everywhere in this
country, from church, labor and civic
organisations and from a great majority
of newspapers and msgasinea, goes out
the booe that the conference on arma
ments may accomplish a lessening of
the burdens of "preparedness" and pave
the way to peace in the world. The
same hone comes from all nations. The
expressions given out by delegates from
Great Britain. France, Italy, Japan and
China show good intentions and a hope
for accomplishment The "idealist" is
everywhere in evidence.
Much fine language and exalted senti
ment come from the statesmen of all
nations. That these utterances are sin
cere we must grant That there is a
strong wish and a hope in all the world
that something may be done to end war
goes without saying. But 'how if shall
be done is a practical proposition
Love is a most potent element in gov
erning the conduct of man; yet fear is
still the most potent element And this
applies to nations as welt The United
States has maintained the Monroe doc
trine for a hundred years, and how?
Through love that other nations have of
Uncle Sam? Not at alt It is because
of fear. Nations respected the Monroe
doctrine because they feared a violation
thereof would excite the fighting blood
of Uncle Sam. So that it may be taken
as an axiom that in order to stop war
and bring about peace the big nations
of the world, including the United States,
must join In an announcement to the
world of a new "Monroe doctrine,' If
this Washington conference succeeds it
will be through just such an announce
ment Then there- will be no need - of
armaments, B. F. Wilson.
COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF
Cold anna In tHa Kant t aim aiiiuKlii
in the West You know the BsoraL
Does a forcer, we wonder, hava a fal
setto voice just because he utters false
In the parlance of the collen lads, tha
senate should yet find a way to give
Sall right little bov. don't m
may be a secretary of state as popular
Las Mr. Hughes some day.
There are aotne thtar mm
combination of good reading matter, a'
warm fire and a comfortable home. j
Money, desnite its non-expanslvaj phys
ical qualities, is one of the best little me
diums extant for swelling the heads of
a a n
While we sit back in our easy chairs
and prate smartly about the degree of
our civiliration, the tenement house re
mains to harbor our kind.
If the tailors really would strike It
might aid us in carrying out our threat
to make last winter's overcoat do us
for the present season.
Municipal expenses In Portland are
higher than the average. But look at
the nice large mayor and commissioners
we get for our money out here.
The man who described a fine large
evening as "clear as a bell, cold as hell
!KliSB5 llki? dn--on,' must have
lived in Nebraska or Iowa on Just such a
night aa we had in Portland Monday.
Who remembers when there were tm
detour signs and one road was about as
bad as - another Roseburg News-Review.
Ton can buy plenty of expert testl
Shony far aa in any ease, and the loos
est purse will secure the largest grist
oc ii uAisey uterprue, I
The fellow who sings and whistles at
work may be happy, but he Incites mur
der in the hearts of everybody around
him. La Grande Observer.
a a a
The best proof of In tall trance ta when
a man admits he Is wrong. Ignorance
feels too Insecure to make such sn ad
mission. Washington County News
Timea a a a
This kind of weather and conditions
we are having in Haines now make a
lot of fellows sorry ihey sold Liberty
bonds last year to buy silk shirts. Silk
shirts were high then and bonds were
low and now conditions and prices have
been reversed. Haines Record.
One student the other day was asked
to name three of the most prominent
features of Eastern Oregon. The an
swer was : The Ontario Crane branch
of the Oregon Short Line, the Dog
Mountain oil wall and BUI Hanley.
There can be no question concerning
the improved outlook for gold mining.
After many years of depression, due to
the depreciation of its value, operations
are gradually but surely coming back to
normal, with every probability that the
industry Is entering an era of sustained
prosperity Baker Democrat
.The Oregon CoGntry
Baspnimsa in Brial Farm tat Urn
DEAD HEROES AND LIVING
Severe Arrignment of a Government
Portland, Nov. 10. To the Editor of
The Journal Having just read In to
day's Journal of the honor paid the un
known soldier, and on another page that
9000 ex-service men are out of work,
I , wonder If the soldier honored today
chose to return to this earth what wpuld
be his opinion of the consistency of a
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town
Writing to a friend in Oregon, under
date of November 10, from J15 Boyle
avenue, St Louis, Mrs. A. J. Montgom
ery, whose husband was formerly pas
ter of a Presbyterian church in Port
land, writes: "When we lived in Ore
gon we were satisfied with everything.
We knew it had superior fruits, splendid
laws, wonderful forests, great rivers,
magnificent mountains and lovely flow
ers. It seemed to us Oregon had within
its boundaries all that was necessary
to make life ideally happy. New here
Is where the rub comes. AH the above
is true Oregonlana know It we know It
but it is not known throughout the
country. Since living In St Louis and be
ing In Chicago and New York, we realise
there is no Oregon spirit no oneness of
purpose. There- are Hood River apples.
not Ore ron apples from Hood River. Re-
great nation showing the world her ap
preciation of her hero dead while al-' cently there was a full window of Kings
lowing 9000 of hla living hero comrades . dehydrated goods. They exploited Kings,
among the opposition. Men will jx
poee the proposal because they are
financially interested In Its fallure.1 whlch he haa Deen drlven lnto a poslr
Men win oppose it Decaute tney be
lieve there should be no agreement
between this country and other coun
tries. They will oppose it for other
tlon where he Is fighting with his
back to the wall.
If the dairymen quit, the ground
they have gained will be lost and it
will take a long 10 years for It to
Tney wtuet up obstacles to adop- i be regained. California dairymen
tlon of the plan. They will devise were confronted in the beginning
ways to combat It. They will at- with the same troubles, but they
Such weather as the people of the
Eastern states have been enjoying
this fall is enough to make them emi
grate to Oregon, where they can have
ft Just like that every fall.
tempt In various ways to bring about
Moreover, diplomacy works In de
vious ways. There are always a few
open sessions even at closed confer
ences in which staged scenes are en
acted for public consumption. But
much of the work Iff done in the
dark, especially after the public has
been lulled Into lethargy. It is pos
sible that the present conference
might fall, back to such a status.
To offset the pressure of the men
who will oppose, the American plan
and the diplomats who may oppose
and prefer to work clandestinely, the
American public must remain mili
tant There can not safely be a slack
ening of the public tension. There
cannot safely be a lapse in public
To date the people have won their
fight. They demanded that the ses
sion, be called. It was called. They
demanded open sessions. So far the
sessions have been open, "piey de
manded a comprehensive limitation
(armaments. A comprehensive Uml
tatlon has been proposed. If It Is to
be adopted the people cannot for
one moment ea.e their pressure. It
is their fight, and, they wil? have to
fight And the fight la by no means
stuck to their organization, and it
Is now one of the best managed and
most successful farmers' organiza
tions among the many highly suc
cessful cooperative organizations in
that state, coming now to be noted
as a paradise for fruit, dairy, poul
try add other farmers.
Nobody denies that there have been
bad management too much over
head and possibly extravagant in
vestments. But they are things that
can be corrected. One thing is cer
tain: No dairymen's league was re
sponsible for the business depression
or the otherwise discouraging condi
tions that have stood so much in the
way of a profitable dairy or other
If the dairymen qui?, nobody will
be so happy as the dealers and man
ufacturers who have been fighting
to destroy the dairymen's league and
who have been pocketing the lion's
share of the fruits of the dairymen's
labor for years.
An onion sandwich, composed of
two slices of rye bread and a slice
of onion, cost a guest 65 rents in a
hotel, plus IB vents for a Up to the
waiter. Klcha-d Spillane. who tells
the story, wan s to know how. at
such prices, the farmers can be com
plaining of hard times. For the
onion In- the SO cent i&ndwtch. the
farmer may have received $3 a sack,
leas freight, less commUsiona. less
Portland has to furnish artificial
causes for an earthquake after alt
It was merely the deep laid blasts
incident to excavation for the base
ment of a new furniture factory that
shook the homes and aroused the
fears of east side residents. But
there sre.no complaints. Portland
Is always willing to be kept stirred
up by progress.
A YOUNG girl was reported kid
naped on Portland streets Sun
day night, thrown into an automobile
by four gangsters, and driven to an
THE great organization which be
gins in Portland tomorrow Its
annual national sessions was the
chief influence in securing the rural
free delivery, the parcel post, the
department of agriculture with its
secretary as a cabinet officer, the in
terstate commerce commission, the
agricultural experiment stations in
connection with land grant colleges,
and numerous other measures in be
half of the agricultural population
It was the national grange that
after securing legislation in various
states regulating warehouses, car
ried a number of cases to the United
States supreme court and there ob
tained decisions laying down the
principle that some institutions high
erto regarded as private are of public league'
character and therefore subject to
public regulation. The early laws
for regulation of freight and passen
ger fares in many states were the
direct results of agitation led by the
granges of the country. The great
constructive record of the organiza
tion and its achievements in behalf
of agriculture make Its national
meeting in Portland a matter of
much moment to this Western country.
In other days, "granger" and
"Rube" were terms applied by. the
thoughtless in cities to the men who
lived and moved in the rural dis
tricts. There was less realization
then than now that the so-called
granger" fed the country, grew the
raw materials that clothed it and.
altogetrteY, made life possible. In
the. war, when- the appeals went out
from Washington, and those other
appeals that came over the sea. for
the farmers to produce, produce,
produce, it came to some who
had never thought of it before, that
From a man and his wife, rob
sack age, less hired help, less Interest bers collected approximately ISO in
on the Investment, less his own cost1 cash and nearly $2000 more in -jew-
of living and less a lot of other
things. Why ask the farmer why
an ta cent onion sandwich? '
THE SCUTTLE RS
Another couple lost some cash and
a valuable ring to footpads.
A lone man was assaulted with a
baseball bat and robbed by bandits.
Those were the orominent vnt.
T WASHINGTON, there Is a plan of the evening's revelry by the crim-
deprive me leaerai trade com- inal elements Sunday. The day be
! SJhlshlna.tk.an.awn. . .
mission of Us Independent character
; and make it subordinate to the de
partment of Justice.
If this plan Is carried out. the com
mission will merely be an tnvestiga-
tion division f the department, a
sort of sideshow under direction of
Attorney General Daugherty. It is
one of several plans that have been
broached for hamstringing the commission.-
. . -
The commission bow baa' authority
It is, however, Indicative of the "un
settled state of political opinion in the
community," the Baltimore Sun (Ind.
Dem.) believes, that "the decision has
been -determined by a small majority."
That the defeat of the league was
achieved by so narrow a margin strikes
the Johnstown Democrat (Dem.) as "re
markable," in view of "the tremendous
forces arrayed against them." which
were so powerful that the very fact that
the league "escaped complete extermina
tion is a tribute to its staying powers
which may well sober the victors." The
Houston Chronicle (Ind.) explains the
small majority by "the natural disin
clination of all people to reflect on public
officers by recalling them." While, as
the New Orleans Times Picayune (Ind.
Dem.) says, the league "was beaten by
a muoh smaller majority than Its oppo
nents expected," 'nevertheless, remarks
the Boston Transcript (Ind. Rep.), "'tis
enough, 'twill serve."
a a a
Although both the Topeka Capital
(Rep.) and the Fort Worth Star Tele
gram (Ind. Dem.) state that on the fac
of the returns a majority of the farmers
voted for the league, the St Paul Pio
neer Press (Ind.) finds that "North
Dakota farmers have decided that so
cialism is not the means of redress for
their just grievances." It was given
"every conceivable opportunity to prove
Itself," the Saginaw News Courier (Ind.)
Is convinced, but "it failed so dismally
that the same voters who authorised it
have found themselves obliged to repu
diate it, and this they have done un
mistakably." The result of the election
indicates "quite clearly" to the Okla
homa City Oklahoman (Dem.) "that the
voters of North Dakota have tired of
the chimerical schemes and the disas
trous policies of the Non-partisan
; in short as the Wheeling In
telligencer (Rep.) expresses it the state
has "legally desocialized itself."
a a a
Howevf r,- any rejoicing over the col
lapse of league policies takes on some
thing of the nature of "a premature
wake," as the New York Globe (Ind.)
puts it because "the assumption that
this is the' end of North Dakota's ex
periment is probably not justified."
since, the Ithaca Journal News (Ind.)
points out "the principles which underie
that experiment have not yet been repu
diated." It was "a 50-50 victory," says
the Sioux City Tribune (Ind.), and "in
stead of being the intended wrecking of
the Non-partisan league, the election is
merely a rebuke to certain leaders of
the league." resulting, as the Spring
field Republican (Ind.) expresses it. In
"a housecleanlng of personnel rather
than of economic theories or practical
measures." Because of the defeat of
propositions to abolish the league's, in
dustrial program, coincident to the re
call of its officeholders, "the new ad
ministration." the Rjttsburg Gazette
(Rep.) informs us, "will be bound by
we same set of laws under which the
old ones acted." In effect, what hap
pened, as, interpreted by the Minnesota
Star, an independent paper of Minne
apolis sympathetic to the league. Is that
the people of North Dakota, while retir-
to endure enforced Idleness because this
great nation stubbornly refuses to ap
propriate every dollar of excess profits
gained by war, thereby securing a sum
sufficient to properly care for the
maimed and helpless, and by inaugurat
ing public works give employment to
every able-bodied ex-soldier. Perhaps
he would be accompanied by the soldier
who a short time ago in a fit of de
spondency, caused by ill health and lack
of work, bo conducted himself as to lead
the officials to show the public appre
ciation of live heroes by locking him In
Jail, where he committed suicide. As the
two dead heroes saw the 'Pecksniffs'
place flowers on the casket that con
tained the nothingness that was once
the body of a soldier they would doubt
less decide this nation thought It less
costly to honor one hero dead than show
her sincerity by providing a means of
livelihood for thousands of live heroes.
and as they turned in disgust they
would have recalled the fact tkat by their
works ye shall know them. T. E. M.
Vancouver. Wash.. Nov. 14. To the
Editor of The Journal In the Literary
Digest for November 5. page 17, ap
pears the following: "Thirteen years is
the average intellectual age of Ameri
cans fit for military service. So the psy
chologist said after examining 1,700,000
army recruits. Of our 100,000,000 people
it is reckoned that less than one third
are above this average and only 4Vh per
cent are of superior intellect"
This conclusion is put forth by Dr.
Goddard in his Princeton lectures and
analyzed by Dr. Paul Poponoe in the
Journal of Heredity. Can you conceive
this calamity? The intellectual status of
some 70,000,000 of our people is no
ihigher than that-of a normal child of 13
years. The brain of an additional 30.
000,000 is of better, but not good, qual
ity, and but 4.500,000 of our people are
of "superior Intellect" Election returns
prove that Dr. Goddard's figures are
conservative. J. Harold.
but pot Oregon. ' Just 'From Oregon,
U. S. A' In fair sized type. , uniformly
printed on each advertisement would
add the needed state pride. 'Mlstland'
Is attractive to us,' but not distinctive.
Before the ls5 fair, get the good old
state together. I wish every leader in
business could live east long enough to
pet 'California Products rubbed into
his eyes, and to be asked : Is Port
land In California? Is there no way to
ge good old Oregon, U. 8. A, Into the
minds of the people There la: let busi
ness say (in every ad. from Ladd Til-
ton's bank In our magazines to the very
least ad) "From Oregon. U. S. A.
m m m
Rose McGrew of the department of
music at the state university Is visiting
Miss Julia Cook of Pendleton is num
bered among Portland visitors.
Arthur Collins of Goldendale, Wash
ington, is among out of town visitors.
a a a
L. L. Thomas, who has a mnsio store
at MarshOeld. is a Portland visitor.
A. C. Dixon, well known resident of
Eugene, is in Portland on business.
Peter B. Flynn of Eogene ia visiting
Arthur Curry in Portland.
A W. Smith is here from Wolf Creek
on a business visit
Sumpter. Nfyv. 11. To the Editor of
The Journal I notice in The Journal
of November 9 an account of Captain
West and it states his services at the
front with the 162d infantry. Please
get the number correct The 162d did
not get to the front at all, though most
of the old Third Oregon did. I have
noticed the same statement in our paper
before, so take the liberty to correct
same. Frank C. McTavish,
M Company, Third Oregon.
everv nation owes its existence to
the man out on the land, that cities " "if fPmr of"cni; "T ML
would vanish and nations topple but
fore, they operated with considerable
success. It was not different the day
before that And it will not likelg
oe different this week.
There was much talk and.' sup
posedly, some preparation against "a
raid by the robbers this winter. But
hero is a report of a girl kidnaped
from the street and large losses In
holdups at hand. And winter Is not
yet hero, - - v
Tha most recent police experiment
for the fanner.
: The national grange was organised
tn December, 117, by O. EL Kelly
and six others. For the first four
years, the growth was slow. In 1871,
the movement began to gain head
way and within a year it had over
10,000 subordinate granges. In 1S75.
Ijts membership had grown to 1,500,
000, distributed through every state
in the Union. Its early activities
were directed against railroad rates
and discrimination, trusts, transac
tions in grain futures, oleomargarine
and other things la antagonism with
j For more than' half a century, the
grange has been a useful and -grow
tog social and industrial influence.
Residents of the Cspital City visiting
In Portland Include Mrs. Joseph H. Al
bert. Mrs. J. C. Griffith. Mrs. John Rob
erts. Miss Alta Jones and Mr. and Mrs.
m m m
Fred W. Wilson of The Dalles is a
Portland visitor, registered at the Hotel
a a a
Lawrence T. Hofer, son of Ernst
Hofer, former newspaper man of Salem,
is registered at the Portland.
a a a
Albany residents in Portland Inolnde
P. A, Young. Mr. and Mrs. Mack Moa
teith and Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Fish.
Faun Hegler. who handles the key for
the Western Union at North Bend, is
spending a few days in Portland.
Mrs, E. P. Hawkins and Mrs. D. L.
Moore of Astoria were recent visitors
Among those registered at the Im
perial are A -W. Sharp and Archie
Campbell of Silverton. i
a a a
R. M. Coaley of Brookings' Is at the
a a a
F. C Blgelow of Medford is a Port
a a a
Mr. and- Mrs. W. D. Hoe te tier of The
Dalles are Portland visitors.
Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Knight of Eugene
are at the Imperial.
a a a
H. J. Larsen of Salem is transacting
business in Portland.
a a a
Mrs. D. t Wilson of the Capital City
Is visiting friends In Portland.
M. B. Burnett of Heppner is a Port
a a a
F. T. Byrd of Pilot Rock is a guest
of the Oregon.
James E. Lynch of CorvsJlis is regis
tered at the Imperial.
Frank Barrett of Albany is at the Im
perial. a a
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Koser of Ante
lope are guests of the Imperial.
Among pensions granted at Washing
ton last wk is one for Sarah C Craw--ford
of McMinnvUle for $10.
The Ttgard Community club has re
organised and elected officers for tho
coming year. E B, Neddry is presi-
Albany's Citv eounrdl nt its matln
last week voted an official Indorsement
or medusa exposition to be held at
For the year 13 the total amount of
state market road funds Available to the
venous counties will be approximately
Three sawmills, three ahlnrla mm ajkd
five logging camps are runnlrur at full
capacity In the Flora no district of
western Lane county.
Members of the Irving Improvement
club of Karen have oootrsj Lhir Inter
ests and purchased S&00 prun trees for
planting this fall and spring.
By a, majority of over &00 the people
0 county defeated the measure
c...ng for a special (70.000 levy for the
purpose of improving the roads.
Ninety-two students have been sus
pended from the University of Oregon
for non-payment of laboratory fees. Sev
eral honor students are among the num
ber. The city of Reed port is making ar
rangements to issue refunding bonds, the
prooeeda of which will be used to take
up outstanding warrant and Indebted
ness of the city.
The commercial crop of pears for the
Medford district of th Rogue river val-"
ley has been shipped to the Eastern
markets. These shipments numbered
If 0 cars as against 7tl cars last year.
So great is the demand for Yellow
Newtown apples in England that th
London Graphic has written to th Hood
River Commercial club for data and
photographs, also particulars about Hood
For the first time since 1)17 all rail
roads tn Oregon have granted apeciai
reduced rates to alumni and former stu
dents of the University of Oregon wbo
will journey to Uugene, November lt-ZO,
for the annual homecoming.
Th only radium in Oregon oataid of
th city of Portland was used last week
by Dr. E. E. Fisher, Salem physician.
in treating a cancerous growth on a
roman patient from Oregon City. Th
amount held in tour tiny namdies, cost
Nominations bav been mad for a
mayor, two councilmen and a treasurer
of th city of Washougai, the election
to be neid December .
At White Salmon -last Thursday fir
destroyed th Laurel box factory and
the enure contents or the ad)oitung
warehouse, causing a loss of $Ia,0O0.
With legal business Increasing at th
rat of IfuOO a year. Yakima attorney a
ar urging th county commissioners to
allow the sheriffs office more help.
Surveys are being mad tn the. He it -
man annex, Hoqulam. for the sewer sys
tem which has been a matter of discus
sion in the city council for several
Th supreme court of tha TJnlted
Bute has upheld tha right of th city
of Saatue to oust jitney busses from
competition with th municipal street
A voluntary petition in bankruptcy
has been filed by Warren N. Sine, pro
prietor of the sawmill at Goldendale.
Liabilities are listed at 11S.71HS and
assets at $3450.
Cecil M. Carahangh of Kansas City
died In a hospital i Seattle Friday as
the result of an automobile accident in
which C. A. Barbe. also of Kinmi City,
was Instantly killed.
Ella Woodland of Ritrvitle has been
awarded a verdict of $00 damages
against George N. McCollom. sheriff of
Adams county, for alleged illegal seis-
uro ana sale or personal property.
Two markers ax being placed on th
historic Mullan military road in the
eastern part of the state, on on th
Palouse highway and th other on th
Apple highway running out of Spokane.
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
By Fred Lockley
(Aa expert ia diamond ia iaterrirnwl by
Mr. LocUey- He tell him about mathoda of
mining- in Sooth Africa.' about diamond Prioaj
at different period and about U point that
a food diamond poawisea
KNOWING THE BUSINESS
From the Benton County Conner
"I have to do other people's thinking
all day long and I'm dead tired at
night." said a woman clerk in one of
the Corvallis department stores. She
sells materials for dresses, coats, cur
tains, etc. "Will it fade, or shrink, or
wear well?" are among the numerous
queries. Customers expect her to know
the what why and how of the goods she
sella Often it is new material and
the clerk says she knows no more about
it than the customer.
Undoubtedly many foolish questions
are asked in the process of buying, but
Henry M. Weiss, salesman at Aron
son's, was married. In Portland 21 years
ago to Miss Sadie Asher, a well known
soprano. 'We left .Portland not long
after we were married and came back
three veara aro." said Mr. Weiss. "My
two children are in high school here tn
Portland. About the time the Boer war
started I came to New York city from
the Klmberly diamond mines. I trav
eled all over the United States, dealing
in diamonds. A good many people
bf the classes whose fortunes are
subject to great fluctuations pawn
their diamonds and are unable to
redeem them. I would visit all the
pawnshops in the city, pick up at a
bargain old jewelry and diamonds, and
either sell the,m to dealers or dispose of
them privately. I bought a pigeon blood,
ruby once for 25 pounds and later sold
it to Colonel Andrews of the Diamond
Palace In San Francisco. I happened
to be passing his place. He was stand
ing in the doorway and saw the ruby
on my shirt front He stopped me and
said. If that pigeon blood ruby you are
wearing is as good as it looks, I'll give
you $1000 for it' It weighed SH karats
and it cost me $125, so I took the thou
sand. I bought a very fine diamond
once for $1250. I sold It later to Harry
Miner of Miner's theatre in New York
city for $5500. This was at the time
man people themselves ar industrious
and goodhearted people.
a a a
"Lots of fine gems are coming In now
from Russia and elsewhere across the
waters. Many of them ar smuggled in
by emigrants through Ellis island. At
the time your father and mother were
engaged diamonds could be bought at
$126 to $150 a karat Today they are
worth $500 or more, while a real canary
diamond brings as high ss $1000 a karat
A yellow diamond does not sell for as
much as a pure whit one, but real
canary diamonds are rare. Another dia
mond that is very valuable is the one
that Is the color of ocean water a deli
cate Jolue. Nine-tenths of the diamonds
if the clerk can't be depended upon to
know about the goods, who can? The wnen Terry McGovern fought Dixon.
t It Is remarkablo that in the city
where the world's greatest ; states
men hava assembled to. make war ta
war, brains are tha only weapons. ,
the new ones, in the clearest possible
words: We want the Non-partisan in
dustrial program to continue. We t
rpect you to. take it over, ind we shall
judge you by what yon do with if."
What was the reasoning behind this
peculiar verdict? the Newark News (Ind.)
asks. Probably, it argues, "that the
state-owned institutions were not In
themselves bad. but - have been badly
managed, and that At men who claimed
to have business ability superior to that
of the Non-partisan league leaders
should be put in charge." The Kansas
City Star (Ind.) agrees that the situa
tion" demanded "more effective leader
ship." and' to that end the personnel
was altered. .In brief, the Mobile Regis
ter (Dem.) adds, "the proposition is to
give the league idea a new lease of life,
but to eliminate politics, speculation.
waste and extravagance," while the "ex
periments" go on.
So "Governor Fraxiesr and his Non
partisan league cohorts" go to join all
the "grim old cranks who were ahead
of their day and generation, who ...ed
tot having received the promise;" but,
the Emporia Gazette (Ind.) assures ua,
"the promises come, nevertheless, even
though the reaper is a different man
from tho sower."
customers Include people from all walks
oi uie. iney are ousy wiui uieir vari
ous jobs. They may not have had the
time or opportunity to learn even the
simplest things about materials. They
like to 4end on another's knowledge
and the clerk,, being irl the business, is
supposed to know.' Instead of feeling
disgusted by th ignorance of the shop
per, why not feel elated with th trust
and faith placed in the clerk? It is a
wonderful thing to fill the expectations
of those about you. Whatever the busi
ness, those connected " with it "will
do well to know everything possible
BUT SHE ALWAYS WAS QUEER
fYaaa th Altaams Gaxatta
Miss Patterson, the Pine Bluff teacher
who woaj the St Louis Globe Democrat's
beauty "contest refused to sign movie
contracts and returned ta the classroom.
It's a pity that a girl with brains enough
to make a decision like that can't be
induced to go into, the movies. :
Miner had won a lot of money on the
fight and was feeling jubilant He saw
this diamond, which weighed t karats.
In tay shirt front and he offered' me
$5500 for It which -1 accepted.
T dont care far Germany. I
there many years, before the war.
stepped up. to an army officer one day
on the street and asked, him to direct
me to a certain number and street He
drew himself up and said, 1 am an army
officer. Ask the policeman.' I said.
'In my country, the United States. If we
ask a civil question of anyone we get
a civil answer.' It made him very
angry. H shook his fist in my face
and said. "But you are not tn the United
States : you are in Germany.' Bat
guess tha World war changed the atti
tude of the German officers. The Oer-
Pleading guilty to holding up 14 har
vesters returning to Seattle In a box car
recently. William Gaddy. II. and Earl
Meyers. 21. both of Seattle, were sen
tenced to serve three years In the Mon
Petition for permission to reduce rates
on electricity for cooking purposes sup
plied to Washington points by the North
west Electric company of Portland has
been filed with th department of publio
works at Olympla.
Armistice day at Tacoma centered
about the last rites for Corporal Leon
ard A. Hitter, a Tacoma boy who fell
at Blanc Mont. France, October 5, 11 .
More than 1000 veterans, representing
1$ organisations, took part in the mili
A drive has been started by the Idaho
Farm Bureau federation for 25,000 new
Approximately tOO taxpayers have
registered at Nampa to vota on the pro
posed 10-yeax street Improvement bond
Word is received at Boise that west
bound freight on several commodities
used liberally In Idaho will be lowered
within SO or 40 days.
,mva awa,. .uv-amuuiB V KM O U1SI I IV I Hi I y jmt . a. . .
South African diamond fields, which are
owned and operated by the DeBeers
Consolidated Mines, Ltd. They refuse
to let the markat be flooded.
"The cost of production of diamonds
has been increasing steadily. When the
mines in South Afrtea were first oper
ated the diamonds were picked up on the
the surface. Today many of the mine
shafts range from 2000 to 2000 feat in
depth,- The diamonds are found In blue j
clay, a soft rock The clay is allowed i
to weather till It disintegrates, when the
aiamonos are recovered by washing the i
crumbling clay in huge machin which I
retain the gravel and diamonds. The
gravel and rough diamonds are spread
on tables over which water flows. Ex
pert sorters pick out the diamonds from
the gravel. There ar more than 25.000
Kaffirs at work In th diamond mines.
a a a
"There Is a waste of about $0 per cent
in cutting diamonds. In other Words, a
diamond la the rough. ' weighing 2H
karats, whea cut makes a 1 -karat dia
mond. Probably the first requisite of
a diamond Is brilliancy, which means
light refraction through the 51 facet of
the properly cut diamond. The next
requisite is color. A colorless diamond
Is the diamond of commerc. Th black
diamonds ar used In drilling. Th blue
whit diamonds ar probably th moat
expensive. Many diamonds called per
fect have slight flaws that can be de
tected only w ith a powerful glass. The
moat common flaws that detract from
a diamond's value are fissures, bubbles,
clouds, carbon feathers and slight twists
ta the grain. The two things that s
purchaser should secure are brilliancy
Curious Bits of Information
Gleaned From Curious Places
Tibetans, who are perhaps the most
primitive and unchanged branch of the
China race, and adhere closest to the
ancient customs, make tea with batter
and salt ta place of milk, and sugar.
The butter, according to ' F. Klngdon
Ward in the Wide World magazine. Is
apt to be hairy, owing to the playful
method of 'manufacture. which consists
in kicking around a. yak skin of milk,
tho hairy side of the skin being turned
In. The drink, ne says, is Pleasant
enough, though to really appracJaUe itj
one wants to look upon ft as soup and
not ad tea. The beverage, which ia a
frothing, chocolate-colored fluid. Is on
of the staples of Tibetan fare, and no
Tibeianr'Vver travels without his wooden
box of butter, his brick of tea and ltttl
bag of gtitty salt
By 1. J. W.
There is strencth ia Ox
Orvraad with ataraal
Thar hy k tai
warn tha rtpplm
fan fa Bf a hi th-
An) to ah th Daaias ft:
Tbara ia naaatv far ail ia th rrnitfal Ug.
And th run 9ns .is awes, -
JrorUaad. ' Oetabar SO.
Uncle Jeff Snow Says
It looks ilk an th highbrow states
men has been a-tookin' fer a chance or
a excuse.' or a order, to quit buildin'
warship. They're like Colonel Judson
King down ia Texas fore Bryan was
heard of. He toted two sixshooters
around summer and winter fer It year
'cause his mortal coemy. TolUver Me
Crue, carried the same. The Ualtod
States marshal ketched 'em a-ahootin at
one another one day in San An tone and
disarmed both of 'era at oncet They
agreed then and there to quit Th mar
shal pinted out to m that their guns
was outer date, anyhow, and , one or
two funerals ia their ressectiv faml
Ueafd oost a heap. So they bothahack
basat aad tuck a mint Jules) "
Gage of St Maries was sentenced to on
to it years at hard labor in the peni
tentiary. Most of the farmers of Northern Idaho
are still holding their wheat in the hop
of better prices or reduced freight rates,
snd financial conditions ar said to b
The Murtaurh irrigation district has
filed application for state water for
power development purposes and speci
fications and plans show that It 00
horsepower will be generated.
Purchasers of state lands are un
able in many Instances to meet their
obligations and the state commissioner
Is granted authority, to recommend ex
tension of 121 payment Th land
board will decide. each individual case.
What I Like Best
In The Journal
D. B. FROM AN, 45 Insley
street The general news for
accuracy, the editorials tor
their attitude toward laboring
men and Fred Lockley's arti
cles for their information.
IX C SHAW, 1042 East
Seventeenth street The edi
torials and all the features.
I regard The Journal as the
leading paper of Portland. .
a J. PARKER. 112 East
Sixteenth street Its demo
cratic principles, its position
on the reduction of arma
ment and of taxation, tho ac
curacy of the general sews
aad th carrier service.
MRS. V. A. BUNTZEL, If S
East Eightieth street north
An. The general news bast.
The Journal ta accurals) aad
can be depended upon.
MR8. .R. J. MORELOCK,
1(7 East ' Eightieth street
north t hava taken Tha
Journal far years and like it
better than any other paper
I have tried.
MISS A. M. ATL8WORTH.
lit - East f Eightieth street
north Front page sews and
' tiioTUiM.',, , ; - " ;
. Hava yon f orwarded your opin
ion? Include name and addreaa.