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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 5, 1921)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, '-PORTLAND, OREGON
Columbia Basin Hay -Marketi
SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 5. 182L'
"Do you see that big rick of hay yen
drr Mid art alfalfa grower of tb
Herrolston section, speaking to the
county agent during 8pteinbr, 19ft.
Continuing, he said, "That man as like
as riot -will go down to the Willamette
valley and aetl that hay for No. 1, and
we. all know that It -was Improperly
cured and will be of very low grade.
Thar rick of hay will give a black eye
to an the alfalfa In this section. Can
we not organise a, hay (rowers' asso
ciation and have some.' competent per-
son whs Is disinterested personally, be.
in neither a buyer nor seller. Inspect all
ths hay and sell on definite trades and
rus rentes the quality."
LfcftSOV IS LZAB.KED
The- speak was none other than
Charles Kunsa. a noted dairyman of
Tillamook county, who had purchased
a farm In Ihe Herrnlston section for the
purpose of (rowing alfalfa bay for the
dairymen of his county. Hs had learned
the lesson of cooperation. He knew what
standardisation and guaranteed quality
had dons for the cheese Interests In
Tins moo k.
Here was an Idea born of experience
and correct tn principle. The war was
en and everything was bussing at high
tension when this conversation took
place. It was disseminated among
few of ths leaders at ths time and there
It rested. But It took root and with ths
return of normal times this problem was
Uken up snd an organisation perfected.
About 10 per sent of the alfalfa in
ths Hermlsten, Stanfleld, Umatilla.
Board man snd Irrlxon sections Is signed
up In the organisation know as the
Oregon Cooperative Hay Growers.
". L. Jewett Is president ; Don Camp-
belt, secretary: and I A. Hunt, general
manager. The aggregate acreage of the
alfalfa of ths members Is 1000 acres, an
the surplus above horns consumption this
year is In ths neighborhood of 20,000
Application was made to the state hay
and grain Inspection department and
a man has been supplied from that de
pertmrnt who Inspects sll the hay
point or loading, tms insures every
sMpmsnt being as represented. It does
esy with the abuse pointed out by
Charles Kunse In 1M. Thb assorts
tlon's guarantee goes with each ship
ment, which has established confidence.
It Is a business organisation operated In
a boalnssa way.
Ths organisation Is abls to find new
markets where Individuals cannot This
year a drouth In ths New ICnglsnd
states has booatad the hay market to
a point where it will absorb ths freight
ry ocean steamer tn rough the canal.
rv carloads were shipped out by the
i association on ths steamer Alaskan on
, October 14. 11 carloads on ths Mexican
wrwoer ji, ana is carloads more are
bring loadsd this week. These three
aiiipinants total nearly 600 tons and
. wtu net tne growers better than 13
ttn st their horns station.
MODERN GOAT DAIRY
Two slews taken on the coat dairy tn ast Portland, where goat milk la
produced on a commercial scale. The milk goat department la growing
at the Pacific IaeroatlonaL. ;
UNCLE SAM FILLS
FtAir FARM BUBEATJ DI53ER
Monte sane. Wash.. Nov. (. December
has been sat ss ths tentative data
for the annual Qrays Harbor county
farm bureau dinner when ths accom.
pllahments of lltl will be reviewed and
plans made for next year's work. It is
ptsnned to hsvs ths dinner in Monte-
LARGE GAME BAG
Since 1915, when Uncle Sam turned
hunter of wild animals that roam the
Western ranges and prey on the farm
ers' livestock, he has accumulated a
game bag the like of which was never
before witnessed In history, according
to reports to the biological survey. Unit
ed states department of agriculture, just
Listing the predatory animals which
go to raaks up ths kill total, the inven
tories of the six-year campaign are as
follows: 40 bears. 17,(42 bobcats and
lynxes, 133.(04 coyotes, 6U mountain lions
and 1630 wolves. The firures represent
the total game bag of the government
hunters, varying in numbsr from 00 to
(00, and Ihe kill of slats employes en
caged in cooperative campaigns.
HTJCH DAMAGE ATEETED
The total ahows the number of scalps
taken. It does not include the large
We Loan Money on Cattle
Sheep and Farms
Stockmen and farmers desiring to get a start in stockraising
or increase their present herds .will find our terms most
Visit um while attending the' Livestock
Exposition and talk matters over with us.
Western Bond & Mortgage Co.
80 Fourth Street, Portland, Oregon
YOUNG BREEDER IS EXHIBITOR
number of animals killed by no i son.
Probably the figures would be doubled If
tnoss animals, too, were placed in the
list Many poisoned animals, however,
are never found.
During the fiscal year 121 figures
i snow the total number ot predatory am
mala killed was 27,637. classified as fol
lows : 89 bears, 2468 bobcats and lynxes.
24,258 coyotes, 128 mountain lions and
594 wolves. The average destruction by
these animals Is estimated to be,. for each
won ana mountain lion, about 81000
worth of livestock ; each coyote, and bob
cat. 850 worth ; and each stock-killing
bear, 8500 worth. In view of these esti
mates an idea may be obtained of the
tremendous damage averted by the gov
ernment's skilled hunters.
These figures are averages. In some
eases, notably that of the Custer wolf,
the depredations of individual preda
tory animals have reached much higher
figures. The Custer wolf was esU
mated to have killed at least $25,000
worth of cattle before it was disposed
of not long ago.
The figures cited above- represent the
government's acUvUiea along this line
In the 8 states of Arizona, Arkansas,
California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana,
Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota,
Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas,
Utah, Washington and Wyoming. .
uuring we six-year .campaign more
predatory animals wereVilled In Nevada
than in any other state, due largely to
the, fact that that state was the first
to conduct a cooperative campaign with
the federal government, starting in 1918.
Tne total killed in Nevada, not In
cluding animals poisoned, is placed at
32,068. Utah comes second with 21.713;
Texas, third, with 18,802; Idaho, fourth,
with 18.018; Oregon, fifth, with 12,524;
and wasnington. sixth, with 10,015.
On ot the olreest Kttle industries in
the dty of Portland is operated by ths
Portland Goat Dairy company at East
Klghty -second and Fremont streeta
There are approximately 250 goaU on
the payroll and they range over a tract
of 700 acres of brush land owned by the
O-W. R. . N. company, lying eastward
from East Eighty-second street and In
cluding Rocky butte. The dairy com
pany holds this acreage under lease and
hafrected suitable buildings for resi
dence and dairy purpose a i
The dairy la a model of cleanliness
and is equipped with modern appliance
for handling the output of the herd. Ths
plant has been given the highest. of
ratings by city and stats dairy Inspec
tors and ths herd m excellent condi
tion and free from disease of any kind.
The milk produced by the herd aver
age from 10 per cent to 14 per cent but
ter fat for ths Nubians and rrora H per
cent to 8 per cent for the Saanena, ac
cording to D. Holt, manager of the
dairy. x ,
The Nubian does average one gallon
a day and approximately ths same av
erage Is obtained from the Saanen doea
The majority of the -Cera are or tnese
two varieties, though -there arc also a
number of Tegenburg goats, whose mOk
is used In the manufacture or cheese.
The milk Is In great demand in Port
land, Holt stated, especially as a diet
for children. Grown-ups thrive equally
well uoon it. he staled, and many bust
ness men take it fegularly with their
noonday luncheon. The entire output of
the dairy finds a ready market in the
city at 40 cents a quart.
Ths pride of ths herd ia Fannie, a
4-year-old doe, giving more than a gal
lon a day. Fannie is SO per cent Nu
bian and 80 per cent Saanen. Her sire
is Idlewtld Leonard, a pure bred regis
tered Nubian buck, owned by the Port
land Goat Dairy company and used' for
breeding purposes. Idlewild Leonard
heads a long list of first prizes taken at
exhibitions and his owners have re
fused offers of 81000 for him, according
to Dr. J- Murphy, head ot the com
Nubian goats are odorless and Im
mune from tuberculosis, as are also the
Saanen and Togenburgs. But the Tog-
enburgs certainly have an odor and the
Saanen goats are not free from a sus
picion of smelL The milk is not af
fected by the flavor of foods eaten by
the goats and is pleasing to most pal
atea One pound of hay per day for
each goat is a fair winter ration and
their graslng habits are above reproach.
Contrary to current neuei newspapers
and Un cans are strictly taboo and the
high bred doe turns up her nose at feed
which would prove highly tempting to
the average cow.
Representatives tram tnia nerd are
compeUng for honors at the livestock
SUten-year-old Jlmmie Watson, wm of RoUle Watson -of Tillamook, win
exhibit Sir Bessie Canary Fobes De Kol, owned by. his father, at the
Pacific International. Sir Becseio Canary' Fobes De Kol won first
champion and grand cbampkm male at the Tillamook oomnty fair and
fifth In largo class at the Oregon state tatr.
We are representatives of
The Aultman & Taylor
Aultman & Taylor Gasoline and Kerosene Tractors, New
Century Grain and Rice-Threshers, Steam Traction Engines,
Matchless Clover and Allalfa itullers, Bean and Pea Threshers
IHSrECT OtR LI5E WHILE AT THE LITESTOCK EXPOSITION
DOBSON & GEZEL, Agent
818 BELM05T ST, PORTLAND, ORE.
Are Big Help to
The stock growers ot the great range
states of the West are vitally Interested
In cold waves, heavy snows, high winds
ana tne storms known as "blixsarda'
The weather bureau of the United States
department of agriculture, in its endeav
org to assist stockmen, issues warnings
of tnese unfavorable conditions, which
are dangerous to farm animals. These
warnings are widely distributed by tele
graph and telephone to large centers, but
tne rurtner. dissemination must devolve
on the people interested. The problem
has been largely solved tn some states,
particularly Missouri, by telegraphing the
warning to one central point in each
county, where arrangements are made to
telephone Information of the warnings to
each community interested.
When a warning is received the farmers
and stockmen on the great Western rang'
es arrange to graze their stock near shel
ter or in such a direction from shelter
that the stock will drift toward it when
the anticipated severe weather comes.
modification of this service consists of
sheep shearing and lambing forecasts
and warnings. In early shearing and
lambing districts shearing Is delayed or
iewly born sheep, ewes and young lambs
are kept near suitable shelter, such as
coulees, where they wHl receive protec
tion when wind, snow or cold rains are
WOULD RECORD BROKE7T
Tacoma, Wash, Sot. I. V. &.)
A stagle comb White Leghorn ken
owned by 1. W. Merrlmas of Seattle
broke the world's, record If the na
tiosal egg laying eestett held by the
Westers Washington experiment sta
tion, when It laid 818 eggi Is 888
days. Last year two hem eqsaled
the world record of 811 eggs, la the
first aaaaal contest eondseted by the
experiment station asder the dlree
ties of Mr. and Mrs. George Shosp,
poultry experts. Seven other 'hens
passed the Set-egg mark la the con
test. World records were broken by three
other hens In the 1W1 eostest. The
leading pen was owned by D. Tan
kered of Kest, Wash. They laid
1888 eggs or 878 as aa average for
five birds. MerriKea's kest woa
second and the Hollywood -farm wen
third. The former world record Was
1J14 eggs for a pea.
-"X ME GRATIFIES
1 NOTES S-XO
Simple methods and simplicity la
buildings, equipment and rations have
much to do with the success of poultry-
men, according to observations and ex-
periments made by ths United States
department of agriculture. There Is -a
mistaken Idea among many inexpert
enced poultry raisers that the more
elaborate the preparations made tor conducting-
a plant or for caring for a
small nock, the better the chance of
success. It Is safer to keep down ex
penses as much as possible without in
terfering with the health, comiort ana
nourishment of ths .birds.
A moderate price for birds of a good
laying strain, if egg production is the
principal objective, will prove a good
Investment. Later it may pay to buy
soma exoensiva stock if the develop
ment of business , and the ability of the
owner warrant it Fancy birds In the
hands of poor poultrymea will soon de
teriorate Into a mediocre Cock.
Although labor saving devices may
not be essential or desirable tor . the
owner of the small flock from the stand
point of expense ' and Intimate assocl
ation with the flock, a convenient layout
of the plant is always desirable. The
person without experience will do well
to start in with a comparatively small
flock and build it . up gradually, but
later if he is specialising in poultry and
eggs a flock of such sise that will re
quire all of his. time should be kept
FORGES TO FRONT
. J. A. Scollard of Chenalls, Wash.,
a comparatively new entrant. Into the
field ot beef cattle breeders. Two years
ago he started with one Aberdeen
Angus bull and eight heifers to build
what - Is now recognised as one of the
leading beef herds in Western Wash
lngton. The bull. Ealeenmere. a son
of the world famous Oakville Quiet Lad.
has won several blue gibbons throughout
the show circuit this fall.
The herd began its string of wins
at the Skagit County fair at Burlington
early In August and continued through
the Vancouver, B. C, exhibition. South
west Washington fair, Spokane Inter
state, the state fair at Yakima and the
Oregon State fair at Salem. Rose of
Roaemere eighth, by the famous Cong'
don As Battles bull Merraman ot Tierra
Alta. was named grand champion at
several shows, and may be counted to
get a second look from the Portland
Judge in tne Junior yeaning class.
Scollard has long been prominent In
state livestock circles, being president
of the United Dairymen's association at
this time. His Aberdeen Angus herd
Is cared for on his 430-acre place near
Chehalis, Oliver Crosby of the Uni
versity of California being the herd man
ager. Crosby has bad valuable ex
perience in .the show game, having
handled several prominent herds on the
"big circuit" and his care of the herd
this year is responsible in large degree
for the success.
nnnn nnimo mi i
UUUU IVUMUO DILL -
IN BAD WAY DViNG
TO HOUSE RULES
Good progress with gratifying" results
are reported In ths campaign te clean
op tuberculosis of cattls' la Oregon. The
work is being conducted by the livestock
owners la cooperation with; the exten
sion service . of the stabs, agricultural
college, the Oregon livestock sanitary
board and ths federal buraai of animal
The campaign is being energetically
pushed, and mors than it,00t head of
cattle have been tested ia the state at nee
the first of the present year, says K. B.
Fltts, livestock extension spaciaUsta
Ths aim ot ths work Is' to eliminate
bovine tsberculosis from the state, and
many stock gi oners seeing the advan
tages in' cheaper production and better
markets are striving for its suoceaa"
Several : tuberculous-free . areas have
already been established. Professor ntts
reports. .The largest is that of Clatsop
county. ' Other counties are engaged tn
the campaign on a county-wide basis
aad will boos be free from the disease.
The percentage of diseased cattle Is
small." declares Professor ntts.
Washington. Nov. 8. WASHING
TON BUREAU OF THS JOURNAL.)
Ths bureau ot roads of the department
of agriculture estimates that when the
good roads bill with' Us 878,000.000 ap
propriation for federal " aid is passed it
will provide employment tor 800,000 to
li 0,000 men for six months, which will
play a material part In dealing with
"Whsn It is passed." qualifies tne
outlook, for at last reports the bill is
in a bad way, although fully agreed
upon by the conference. This situation
results from the rules of the house of
representatives, which has brought on
conflict with ths senate because the
senate insists it has Just as much right
to appropriats money as ths house.
-ORIGINATED I2T 8 E 9 ATE
Ths house rules makes any appropri
ation an outlaw unless it comes through
its appropriations committee. The good
roads bill . when it passed, the bouse
carried no appropriation, aod ths senate
wrote in the 875,000.000 before It sent
the bUI to conference, Ths-house Is not
opposed to the appropriation, but it can
not receive the conference report be
cause the appropriation originated in
. T .
A special rule would make the bill in
order, but Representative Mondell. the
house leader, is afraid of establishing
a precedent in that line. Chairman
Madden of the house apropriaUons com
mittee, suggested that a mere authori
sation be substituted, and his commit-
tee would make the appropriation in a
separate measure, but the senate con
ferees objected to that This Is as good
a time as any, they said, to decide
whether the house Intends to keep its
hands tied by a lot of "fool rules" which
hamper legislative' action.
The controversy really goes back to
the difficulty that a house of 428 mem
bers has In keeping control of its busi
ness, which it attempts to do by cen
tralising power tn the appropriations
committee and a few leaders, assisted
by a set ot complicated rules which
every now and then gets It into a tangle
like that oa the good roads bill. Rules
have been added upon rules, restricting
debate, amendment and ordinary parlia
mentary procedure, and the business of I
the country waits upon the committee
Increase of this confusion would
necessarily come from an increase in
the house membership, and would be di
minished if the house bad the courage
te reduce Its number. The good roads
bill is a victim of these conditions, as
other bills have been, and others will
be until the house finds some cure tor
WHERE INTEREST OF NORTHWEST CENTERS THIS WEEK
SPECIAL OFFER FOR LIVESTOCK WEEK
, V .
. - ONLY SEVEN OF THESE LEFT
; ' ". . . ....
American Warehouse & Sales Go;
415 E8t Ash Street, Corner Et Sixth
. Portland, Orefon ;,,. .
"as compared with the perosatages la
many other states. Reports of Folk
oownty results ins, received sheer that
ot 1821 aataaals tested, St reacted ware
diseased. - In. Linn county out of Xftl
tested only It reacted, la the Deschutes .
county X4T8 oatUs were tested, shewing
only II reactors. . Of ths first 800 tested -
in Creek county, aet a single reactor
"Of ths mors than 10.06S cattls tested
m Oregon tn the last three months
slightly leas than 1 per cent showed ,
eeeetee of the jlrtsst " ' ,
Ia contrast with this low figure -some
Eastern states have run very high e
as high as IT per cet- If this ratio .
held here- the last three months -work
would have showed a lose ot 170 head
Instead of fewer than 100.
-Elimination ot this disease win have -
aa important bearing on the future of
the dairy Industry tn Oregon. Professor
ntts emphasises. The loss of, dairy .
animals will he prevented, the eonssmp-
ttoa of dairy products stimulated aad the -market
tor livestock enlarged. Buyers
of dairy cattls have already been at
tracted to Oregon bees use of our com
parative freedom from this dread dis-
TAM SAL If HELD -Sandy.
Nov. 8. M. R. Bemrtch had a
big sale et the eld Paul Dune place Sat
urday aad win soon move te a Place
ntly purchased at neeseni vauey.
When writing- to advertisers,
mention Oregon Country Ufa
Wo aateael eQ wis
Hers te the Steak
Shew aa aTfeal
tavUatioei to ia
sped eeor speaial
skowiaf of the)
latest farm ma
meat aaei the like
ia our mat slsery
We fid lag, .East
Morrisea and East
Teke Ml Takers
Sunny tide cars-
You can always be near your stock when shipping to the
Portland Union Stockyards if you are a guest of the Live
stock Exchange &otel.' The only first-class hotel near
the exposition and stockyards.
' Good Room and Board $10 Per Week '
Eat at the Exposition Cafeteria
We also operate the Cafeteria in the Livestock
Excellent Meals at Popular Price First-Clott Service
W. F. ROGERS HOTEL CO.
North PortU&d, Ore,
Steel stamps have been Invented to re-
oroduce the finger prints of men who
use them for Identifying papers that
must be protected against forgery.
Visit Ui at Our New Home While Attending
the Livestock Show
i Home of Butzer's Seed Store
Before bsylsg year seed for fan sewlsg, writs for prices of ths eld
rtUsMe seed sealer -
"Seeds That Grow"
"You can't keep them in the ground."
J. J. BUTZER
COK3TEK y05T ASJ TATLOft
Aa airplane view of North Portland, with the Paetfle Internationat IAvestoch buildings ia the forrcronnd. Xo
. Hons to the hnildln which elves rt a total space toverlng? 19 acrea. , . ... , rv.
baa aa yet registered the add!-
f'-W,w.3.'' i. re- ,tk t
The Stock Raiser
AND THE PORTLAND CATTLE LOAN CO.
Hare a muttality of interests that are an important
. economic factor at all times. ' '
We solicit the business of careful, permanent estab
- llshed stockmen in the NorthwesL
Portland Cattle Loan Company
..U: . :V" : '.. - 'v" North Portland Ore." V ,- .