The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, July 27, 1921, Page 10, Image 10

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. saBslneBW fc W
(fc . JACKSON .'AtStbassw
Be calm, be confident. b cheerful and do onto
ethers as yon wonld haTa them do sate yon 1
PtiirTnl rtrr nfn rliy mil innissj utmtiir
t The Joanui
' M street PocUand, Oregon.
M the poetoffice at Portland. Oregon,
eaaaniafton through the mail a second
lO.NKS Main 7 1 73. Automatic 560-51.
department readied by these nombers.
Beniamin S Kentnor to.. Brunswick
bonding. 235 Fifth arena. New York; 900
ataiicrs wuKUng. lukmo.
Stranger Co., F. limine bnikMng, San Ifran-toeo-
Title Insurance Jilding. Loa Aifgelet :
intelligencer om Mint. Seattle.
OBtJinS JDI'UNAL reaerree the risht to
meet tdwruimr copy which it deem ob
jectionable. It also will not print any copy
that in any way MainlStoa reeding matter or
a tuioot raouy am iwaiHHB u luitr-
By Carrier, City and Country
1 .18 One month t .65
.S .10 One week 8 .05
month 4 5
Three month. .. 12.25
One month.. . . . .75
One year 13 on
Six months . 1.7S
Three months. . . 1,00
One rear 13.50
year. 88.0O
months. .... 4.28
(Without Sunday)
onths. 3.25
month.. . 175
month. . . . . .60
(grery Wednesday)
year. ... . . l.oo
. SO
rates aoohr only in the W
Bate to Eastern points famished on spplics-
Make remittances by Money Order, Express
or Draft. If your postoffiee is not a
Order office. 1 or 2-oeat stamps will be
Make all remittances payable to The
Portland. Oregon.
a VgeSa I
Oire us to awake with smiles, (ire us to
labor smiling. As the sun lightens the
world, so let our loving kindness make
bright ' the house of our habitation.
TS OUR financial system adequate for the farmer? Does our financial
system fit the needs of the farmer, or must the farmer fit nisi needs
to the system ? Does the federal reserve system serve the fanner ss com
pletely as it serves the manufacturer, jobber, retailer and banker ? Is the
administration of the federal reserve system bound up with red taspe and
regulations to a degree which makes it largely Inoperative so far as
relief for the farmer Is concerned? Is the system accompltohring all
that its founders and the people of the nation hoped and intended? that It
should ?
For some time the farmers of the country have been asking these
questions, and now country banker and merchants are begin a leg to
interest themselves in this vital question.
The Journal has received a number of letters from farmers and
country merchants criticizing the federal reserve system and its, admin
istration. Unfavorable comment on the system has become sotgeneral
and widespread that the conclusion is easy that there must be misunder
standing as to what the federal reserve banks can do for the farmer, or
else the officials of these banks do not fully understand the termers'
problems. Perhaps we are expecting too much of our federal, reserve
system. The problem of a national system of banking and finance Is not
a simple one, and it is possible that we expect financial relief . for the
farmer which is Impossible, or, if afforded, will result in inflation or
unsound economic conditions which will be worse for the farmer fsnd the
country generally than eur present troubles.
On the other hand, it may be that banking interests of the country
do not have a full understanding of agricultural and livestock problems.
Wall Street and Washington are far removed from the fields and cattle
ranges of Oregon. It Is only reasonable to expect that bankers rules
may not be farmers' rules. When the farmer must rely on San Frrancisco
and Portland bankers to present his case to Eastern bankers, it) Is only
reasonable to expect that fundamental defects will be found in the system
or regulations which are laid down for him.
The manufacturer, jobber and retailer are in daily touch with the big
bankers and federal reserve officials of the country and it is probable
that their needs have been better cared for than those of the farmer, who
can only reach the ears of the federal, reserve board through a long
and devious channel. Under the federal reserve act persons other than
bankers must be on the boards of directors, but these non-banking members
are city business men. The Journal knows of no ease where a real "dirt-
farmer is permitted to sit even on a local board. It is an irrational condi
tion in an agricultural nation.
But whatever the trouble may be, it merits serious consideration end
investigation. i mere are aerects wnicn can be remedied: if there are
regulations which need changing and red tape which requires elimination
then the sooner these things are accomplished the better it will bte for the
farming and business Interests of the - nation. I
The Journal believes the prosperity and development of the entire
Pacific Northwest are dependent u Don the best possible financial ivstem
for agricultural, orchard and livestock interests. It believes that our splendid
reserve banking system should freely fu net ion tor all t he interests of this
country and that it should be free, of hampering regulations or red tape
It has no quarrel with the federal reserve heard, but believes i it wiSl
welcome constructive criticism and suggestion. If the farmers; of the
country are finding its regulations irksome- or unworkable or its financial
assistance inadequate The Journal believes the board will take a hgwMtdg
part in providing remedies.
With these things in. mind, this newspaper intends to pursue the
subject further.
Your Breakable Heart.
Ingenious Death Ideas.
Who Is Sylvia? Fine Girl.
Where Bison Rolled, Ships.
By Arthur
TN PORTLAND harbor are five
steel ships, owned by America and
controlled by the United 8tates ship
ping board.
In San Francisco harbor there are
60, and in Baltimore harbor 500. .
The Portland ships have been tug
ging at their moorings since April.
Each needs repairs to the amount of
115,000 to $25,000. A shipping board
rule requires that a ship must be
chartered before she can be repaired
- When spot charters are demanded by
the trade in the immediate future,
for the moving wheat crop, how can
the shipping board meet the spot de
mand with ships requiring 20 to tSU
days to complete repairs?
Nor can grain men obtain definite
quotations on charters from the ship
ping board. How can they do busi
ness with the board, and how can
the board do business with the
trade, and how can American ships
be kept busy if the shipping board
cannot promptly and satisfactorily
fix a rate for charters? .
Every pound of wheat that has
gone out of Portland during July has
gone in Japanese bottoms. Five big
Japanese freighters are taking on
cargo now, while the five big Ameri
can steel ships lie unused and unre
The biggest wheat crop that the
three Northwest states ever produced
will soon begin moving to tidewater.
The price of that wheat is partly de-
Pendent upon well organized and
well managed transportation. There
Is loud talk at Washington about do
tag something to "help the farmer.1
What more practical, help than puU
ting American ships into service for
prompt delivery of American grain
and flour to foreign markets?
With hundreds of prime American
ocean carriers tied up at American
docks, is the business capacity of
American statesmen so limited that,
as in the case, of Portland s July
wheat shipments, great American
, wheat surpluses must be carried
! abroad in Japanese and other foreign
ships? ,.
An Indiana man claims to have re
discovered the ancients' art of tem
I pering copper. The first treatment
makes the copper hard, but does not
Interfere with its pliability. The sec
end jaroeess render! it as hard as
tteel and the third so hard that It
' cannot be cut with saws, chisels or
files. Copper does not emit sparks
as steel dees when, for Instance, a
workman Is repairing a gasoline
tank. Neither does it corrode in
contact with salt water.
on the right cheek, it tarns and lets
San Francisco smite it on the left
cheek. Doesn't that show that our
boys are not "afraid not to fight"?
Besides, when San Francisco smites
our players on the right cheek isn't
it better to turn the left, .lest the
right cheek get sore ?
Anyway, isn't it better to have a
consistent team ? Think how embar
rassing it would be if Portland had:
one of those erratic t earns, which
foolishly wins one game and loses
the next, and so on. How could a
betting fan possibly know how to bet
on or against such a team and be
sure of winning?
Moreover, these are hard times.
and we have all been taught the
noble gospel, of thrift. To get win
ning players costs money. Aren't
the McCredles practicing just that
fine idea of thrift which we have
been loudly calling upon all to apply?
Instead of railing at them, should
We not be commending the McCre
dles for their high example?
sess their .own fascination. 1e
buyer gains a particular oppor
tunity to ascertain the basic quanty
of the goods he buys. It is a situa
uon that puts the stamp of quality
ort the industrial output of the entire
Around and about the factors
which facilitate the merchandising
enterprises of guests and hosts are
the graces of Portland's hospitality.
The entertainment of visitors in
Portend is not mercenary nor com
mercial. It proceeds from a. finer
impulse from the heart out.
The gradual abandonment of the
"American plan" of eating in hotels
is considered a part of the American
yielding to the dictates of economy
Except at the seashore, food waste Is
found to he greatest when a stereo
typed menu is served to all. At the
seashore the chief entertainment is
eating. Hotel men say that the tour
ing habit leads to irregular meal
hours and promotes the desirability
nf "serving from theicard."
TF PORTLAND has played tl
games of baseball with San Fran
cisco and lost elf but one, why not ?
Didn't somebody have to iose?
If Portland has lost 82 games this
season and won only i Is there any
thing wrong about it? Doesn't the
good book say it Is better to give
than to receive?
If the Portland baseball (earn is in
the bottom of the sub-cellar, with a
rating of .221. is it ndAa source of
pride rather that, of sorrow? -Does
anybody in Portland went our team
te be speed hogs, at the head of- the
league In games won? a
Our record with San Francisco
hows that When our team is smitten
rfWE idea of "Buyers Week," which
will occupy the center of the
stage in Portland next week, is orig
inal with this city. It is a modifica
tion of the ancient custom of gath
erings from the country round about
a large city of merchants, swains
and lassies, all of whom found the
"market day" invltatibn entirely too
alluring to resist.
Seattle and some other cities which
may be credited with recognizing a
good thing when they see it have
imitated our "Buyers' Week." but so
far they have fallen below the Port
land standard.
For this failure to equal or surpass
there are several very good reasons.
Portland if made, by water grade
transportation, the natural assem
bling and distributing center of the
Pacific Northwest. Wholesalers, not
alow to recognise the natural advan
tage, have built up here the largest
the strongest and the most efficient
jobbing houses en the 'Pacific coast
The banks have followed suit and
Portland is the financial center of
the Pacific Northwest.
People like to do business where
they Sell their goods. Portland
is a center of sales for wheat, fruit.
lumber and meat.
Beyond all these is the special
feature of manufacture. Portland
holds a Northwest leadership in the
conversion of grata into flour, of
timber into lumber and of lumber
into furniture; of wool into
fabric and articles of apparel
and use; of livestock Into beef
steaks, bacon and hams, and of fruit
into the many preserved forms which
are precedent to world-wide dtstribu
The manufacturing p
Jest as wen. V all the wertd
the joys of Oregon from April to No
vember, there west not be
room left In our fertile vaOeye
Letters From the People
A doctor, M years.
playing tennis Had the doctor been
asked to play while carrying a delicate
crystal vase, be would have said, "No,
I might break this valuable vase" At
tt. and all the time alter so. the heart
is a very breakable, delicate organism,
and as each man has only one heart,
the wise at 50 give up jumping
about like the wild goat, and take to
steady exercise, free from heart strain.
Golf, dull as it is. Is probably the best
exercise for the old. next to horseback
riding. Cerano rode when past 90.
mounting his horse without help That
is me wsy to uve.
Very soon Nevada will begin killing
human beings in a new way. Until re
cently they allowed condemned crim
inals there to choose their own method
of execution.
The man most recently executed in
Nevada, named Mlrovich. chose to be
hot, so the authorities strapped him in
a chair with his back to the wall. Men
were hired to do the shooting, and he
shot to death quite successfully.
Now Nevada, up to the times and a lit
tle ahead, has invented the lethal cham
ber. The condemned will be put in a
small cell especially prepared. Deadly
gas will be introduced and he will die.
And as be dies, witnesses outside the
lethal cell will look in through a sheet
of glass and watch him die. Some artist
ought to make a picture of that highly
civilised scene when it first happens
Different kinds of governments kill
men in different ways! They are elec
trocuted, shot, hanged, beheaded, suffo
cated, stamped to death by the feet of
elephants, impaled on sharp spikes,
spinal cord crushed by the Spanish gar
rote. They used to be burned aires.
boiled in oil, skinned alive, and hot
lead poured Into their intestines.
Now comes Nevada's "lethal cell.
Wonderful government ingenuity has
been devoted to criminals at the end
of life and very little to protecting
human beings from poverty that pro
duces crime, at the beginning of life.
Canadians are much excited about the
discovery of oil wells in Arctic Canada
Thousands are rushing there. They will
be interested to learn that Yankee
(thoroughness was a tone way ahead of
them. Mucn farther nortn man use
present Canadian development, you
would find, if you went there, wells
driven by the John D. Rockefeller organ
ization. Mr. Bedford or any of the
L Standard Oil managers could tell you
about it.
It would coat 88,000,000 to build a
pipe line to bring town the oil from
the farthest north development. That Is
prohibitive now, but It might pay some
I In one part of Canada, in the tar
sands there are said to be 30 billion bar
rels of oil, spread 50 feet thick over
15,000 square miles of surface. The
problem is to extract the oil cheaply
from the sands or that region, or to get
it cheaply from the oil shale that
abounds in our country. We shall be
using the sun's heat and power, laughing
at coal and oil long before the oil la
Advocating Strictest Censorship Over
storing Picture Production.
Underwood. Wash.. July 22. To the
Kditor of The Journal In The Journal
of Jury 20 appears a letter by Roy A
Wright In which he deplores the Idea of
censorship over the productions which
moving picture corporations send out
to be sold to our young people and chil
dren. He appears to consider that
license to maintain a low standard of
morals is one of the ingredients of liberty.
Liberty comes second to Justice. Jus
tice is what we sorely need in America.
and is all that the most radical ask
for. There is no Justice whatever - hi
permitting the pupil to be fed a per
petual mental diet of murders, brood
shed and cheap scandal I would like to
challenge Mr. Wright or any of the
movie fraternity to name half a dosen
pictures that have appeared In Portland
in the last six months that did not por
tray murder, suicide or attempted de
bauchery. Why not portray life as it is?
Only in the movies, newspapers and old
time dime novels Is lite made up of a
continuous array of gun play and bru
tality. This Use of corrupting trash fed
to our children te as insult to justice.
Do we need censorship? We not only
need to have the output of money
grabbing corporations censored, but we
need municipal, state and federal laws
making it a crime to portray crime.
There would be corporations to sell
opium and peddle virtue if no laws pro
hibiting it were enforced.
Does anyone say the people want im
purity? According to such erroneoui
reasoning the people want morphine
drunkenness and prostitution. The peo
ple are here and must live. To live they
must have enjoyment If every "silver
screen' In the city is displaying mur
ders and scandal, what are the people
to do sit at home and starve intellec
tually? I recently heard an employer
cold a rlrl employe for buying expen
sive shoes. What other kind can sne
buy paper tops and wood soles, with
hides bringing 5 cents a pounoi
In this day in this country we are not
choosers of our paths of life, but prison
ers within an economic system rounaeo
noon the principle of the most power
ful and cunning; getting all. r-eopie
really wish for happiness They seek to
enjoy what little of life they may. But
under the present profit system and the
riasmatiam of money which has sup-
nlanted the democracy OI our lorr
fathers the avenues leading to the en
torment of life are mostly monopolised
by wealth, and the people are rorceo iu
follow whatever avenue is most profit
able to the moneyed interests. That may
be liberty but If it Is. give me justice.
Paul McKsrcher.
Former Assistant Secretary 1 Albert
T. Vogelsang of the Interior estimates
that the gold production of the Pa
cific states in 1920 amounted to $36.-
274,700, but that the hydroelectric
power produced in the Pardfle states
during 1920 was worth $79,000,000.
At this rate water, power will soon be
spoken of not as "white coal." hut
as white silver or white diamonds.
. I I
SEEMINGLY, the calf has bung
j . i m I i r. i - ' .
iLseu in me duuui. aiick rnunios
of riotous and unbridled mob vio
lence the Texas legislature has made
a move to halt the return torthe cave.
It is proposed to make the law more
stringent for use against mobs and
mobbers, and there is evidence that
sentiment is crystallizing bo compel
enforcement of the law
VThe news will be gratifying to all,
lawful people: The countryfthas
shocked by the successive linstancee
of brutality and lawless revtelry. Dsy
after day reports have carried news-
of fresh activities. The mob ses
sions in the South were becoming so
common and frequent that Uhey have
spread to other parts of the country
There is-no place in America for
mob action. Mob action means
sweeping aside of the lasv. And
when the law Is
Will, In all' disputes, turn, to mob
action for settlement, and finally
mock justice would be meted out by
the victor in mob against mob
The move to check the revelries
has not come too soon
Hunger is said to be prevalent in
Labrador- because the fishermen
have been unable to market their
catch of codfish. Don't the Labra
dorians like codfish?
large talk-
It win. ha
a mere
a lot of
take much mere than
to ion off the
sss who win walk oat sf pies sent
LOy and take his llauor with htm
Is said to be property en the social black
If the
you go
la advance.
orid ewes you only that which
out and collect- It
l The Oregon Country J
never pays
FOreet orove Jsews-nase.
Coe-n ii iisii nav they are getting sore
had not alreaxdr
or use. use eismieantn
sessK sfueuaa nave out it
spas king
There are. even at this
few fine girls who do not have to resort
to tne cook book for their information
on - How to Boll Water "
To Drove to ronr own utiaf ar-tinn
that h great many people are coned ouary
selfish, observe the untidy condition la
nicn tney leave tneir picnic places.
e e
Bernard Shaw save osSa can ltwa a
thousand years. Possibly, but tbar
would an rather do the things that kill
usecn suj on oerore tne nun area.
It has remained for
Southern contemporary, the Columbia
(R C) Record, to utter the final word
with "FUv and let fltv." New, throw
out your clutch.
The woman who ondk tucked un her
sKirts wnue sne scruaeeu tne kitchen
floor now has a granddaughter who
could scrub without the tucking. Mind.
Three hundred teas sf
isusa will ha n,rt a v ,w -
Kings' Prodoct eeesnasy after the close
at an the erltletem heaped ea them, of the loganberry season.
There's a simple way te step It just get Lane bodies or rM. nni.M,M, M
tusy and do what they were aent to have been located 'near Gold Hill whieh,
Washington for. La Grande Observer. It la believed. wiUey tolaeinapRs
- - i w prwss sww sieeanssg.
No wonder De Valors, the tssanfh The body of Warn r a.
is disgusted with the peace aogertces at Cfcateee-Thferry. freece. Is sow ea
Lloyd George treated him to ta wh-n I the way to Balem from New jlesanT
to bury the hatchet.
The irmnatliT at ths easts s world Is
loader td to that Salem pastor who was
tnduosd te make a trip to another state,
in violation of Use fealarml law. by a
heartless and designing youag lady of
H summers aledford Meil-Trtbuae.
Twenty-aise thousand dollar, will be
spent by the Pacific Telephone a Tele-
rpn company in nermtston. Echo ana
To the layman It will snneai that Gov
ernor Small Is acting small by petti
fogging efforts to resist arrest. la
America a governor is no king and It
charged with crime should face the ma
sse like anyone else. Pendleton East
e e
The saving to be effected by t
Dawes reforms is about the cost of
two dreadnoughts, or s tenth the east
of malntaintrur the military establish
ment. "All of which shows that there can
be no appreciable reduction in sorer
meet expenses until the nation gets back
on a pesos nasi a Salem Capital Jour-
the next few
Billy, noted ailsts InStan
DSXtirirjant In the Wn, Piar
war. died a few days ago on the reser
vation. He was about H years of are.
A fire Sunday at Indenandane. de
stroyed a pool hall ins as by Frank
Smith, the Maine a Watktns barber
shop- sad the real estate office of E E
A 1M.SOS stock cotnna&y has bean
net sa i J to rebuild the Reedsoert alan
ine; mill isusutlr deetiuj sd by fire.
About af men will be employed in the
The airplane of the Gates-Morris com
pany era shed to the arouse at Grants
Pass Sued ay and was completely
wrecked. The two occupants escaped
with alight bruises
Random Observations About Town
Prank Austin Carle, nationally known
newspaper man. who for eight years
was managing editor or tne Oregon Ian 1
here, la In Portland renewing friend
ships of bis former residence, Carls
who has been la newspaper work since
l$7t, was -managing editor of the St.
Paul Pioneer Press prior to coining to
Portland. He waa managing editor
of the Oregon lan from 1889 to 1897.
leaving to take charge of the edi
torial page of the New York Com
mercial Advertiser. For the last
20 years be has been conpected editor
ially with the Minneapolis Tribune and
the Minneapolis Journal, but is new out
of newspaper work he says, perma
nently. He Is a guest at the Arlington
club Sunday Mr. Carle saw the Co
lumbia highway and dined at the Colum
bia Gorge hotel as the guest of C &
Jackson. '
J. W. Reamer of Heppner. president
of the Farmers and Stockrrowers Na
tional bank, has arrived in Post land
with a consignment of livestock. Others
bringing sheep and cattle to market
are Howard Lane Of Lexington. Ernest
Weyland of Hard man and R. E Carat
nor of Spray. The latter has bees
talked of in connection with the ap
pointment of a minister to Slam. His
stock has advanced some the last few
days on the .strength Of rumors that
we uregon senators were fixing up
Who Is Sylvia? What Is she? At
the co-educational institution at Iowa
City she is a very level-headed young
person Careful investigation by the
assistant professor of philosophy shows
these things to be most Important, in the
girl's estimation :
1. Pleasing their parents.
2. An Ideal home.
W. UUli in v.i. , .
Then studies, friends, education, bust
ness career, personal appearance, danc
and it applies to the great majority of
young American women.
Wise nature, providing for the future
of the race, compels girls to take an
Interest in the gawky, ungainly, rather
foolish brothers of other girls But 18
young women out of 100 put idealism.
high thought, ahead of any young man
with his high' collar. That is what
makes the human race improve.
Chicago's city council will spend three
and a half millions making of Lake
Calumet a new and great inland
harbor for Chicago. This will provide
gigantic loading and unloading facili
ties for ships that win come from all
the oceans through the St. Lawrence
river canal.
That Is the way to spend money. Im
agine a great harbor, with Ships and
flags from ail the world, in the middle
of the continent, where only a few yearn
ago the bison came down to roll in
the soft mud. That's progress.
Boston's commission of necessaries 6f
life advises the public to boycott Ice
cream dealers and thus reduce the price.
"Use your powerful weapon," says the
commission to the public, "and the
profiteers will have to give in."
But the boycott should be the power
ful weapon only of savages or of a min
ority. The majority, with any brains
could protect itself with a more power
ful Weapon, tne law. That weapon
could curb profiteering and regulate
prices if the law were taken seriously
in this country.
Oregon in Summer
From the Eugene Register
Federal Reserve System Held to Blame
for the People's Troubles
Troutlake. Wash.. July 22. To the
Editor of The Journal Sometimes we
have a shortage of the products of the
soil because the Creator sees fit to give
us too Uttle sunshine or rain, but money
Is a creation of man. controlled by man
made power. There is nothing- about
this medium of exchange that to mys
terious, and there te no reason or ex
cuse for a shortage of money so long
as It csn be properly secured. Money
and banks have no use excev to serve
the business Interests Business Is not
supposed to be s servant of the banks.
Messy nerer created anything, although
those who own it often use It as a
lever to make labor create for them.
The federal reserre system was cre
ated to take the power 'of robbing the
people out of Wall street and to kvoid
panics The federal reserve board has
been Intrusted with a great power ; it
can bring on a panic again at will. It
controls the value of money ana tnrougn
that controls all values.
The federal reserve board, without
loss of salary, has gone on a strike,
maintained a closed shop, sending out
instructed pickets. Suppose the farmer
Should imitate, withholding food from
the market compelling the people with
money to pay from two to 10 times hon
est values for food?
Someone is to blame for this panic and
has something to answer for. If there is
auch a thing as a day of judgment. The
highway to strewn with property and
home wreckage Men and women" have
taken their lives, discouraged at seeing
their life savings swept away while they
ere trvtnr to serve their country.
A natural readjustment could have
been brought about as gradually as the
season s change. If justice ana com
mon sense naa ruiea insisaa oi ytu
Street. cutting.
iTroa the Kama City Star
The last three or four days of your
vacation are the hardest, but they can
be livened up considerably by wondering
whether you really did lock the back
door, the morning you hurried so to catch
the train two weeks before.
Give a dog a bad name, as an old
proverb runs, and It will stick. Oregon-
ept aside America! lans know that this is literally true
Generations ago someone started the
story that It rains 18 months in the year
in Oregon, and the tale traveled far and
wide. Go where you will, and speak of
Oregon, and people wiU tell you that
it to a land of perpetual rainfall Every
one everywhere knows that It rains In
Oregon in winter.
But what everyone does not know Is
that the summers of Oregon are bril
liantly beautiful. In less favored re
gions, oppressive heat to varied only by
pouring rains. (Jetting away from
roof to an enterprise that is approached
with fear and trembling, because drench
ing thunder showers have an unpleasant
habit of com ins on at a moment's notice.
Restful, unbroken sleep to unknown, for
the nights are nearly as oppressive as
the days And every black cloud in the
Southwest to a menace, for no one knows
when it will develop into a cyclone.
Summer in Oregon has none of these
drawbacks. The skies, save when by
carelessness or ill fortune they are.
soured by smoke, are persistently blue.
The days are mildly pleasant, and the
nights are made for sleep Occasionally
we have what we choose, to regard as
a hot spell, but the tradition of three
hot dars and then cooler weather holds
good surprisingly. When vacs tion tin
comes we fare forth into the open with
no thought of thunder showers and sud
den wettings- And best of all, we do net
shudder when we sss s cloud la the
southwest. The mist that blows -frees
time to tune across the low hills of the
Coast range to only the advance guard
of the cooling sea breese. Spring and
fan in Oregon are as near perfection as
mortals are privileged to enjsr.
Oregon summers are only a shsfde
JN THE nineteen years since the fed-
riai rc:itiiiiaiiuii ssva wo cv.,
1,187.000 seres have been sdded te
the tillable area of America under
federal projects, and water has been
supplied by the government to 91$,
000 acres of private projects
On the formerly barren lands thus
watered there were grpsrn la 1918
crops vsiued at$15$.oWooO. The
cost of the projects was !$123.000,000.
In one year's crops all the money ex
pended was recovered ikst 830.000,
000 in addition.
On these projects are fixed prop
erties valued at $550.00O0e. all tax
able. Does not reclamation pay?
Chicago, Denver, Kansas City,
Minneapolis, Los Angeles Sad Bin
Francisco are said to be all aboard
in a hot campaign for lO-cent, Ice
cold sodas Where's Portland ?
The story of Oregon's winter raise
has been carried on the wings of the
wind to the far corners of the earth, but
news of her lovely springs her brill tost
summers and her gorgeous falls I
test, Perhaps It to
F. Schafer of San Francisco, manager
of the San Francisco Portland Steam
ship company. Is registered at the Im
4 .
j. ai r.wing or uaxiana, cel., a na
tive of Oregon, to revisiting Portland.
He Is interested In baseball, being part
owner oi tne usKianu club.
C. C Harris, a womtnent rancher of
summer Lake, Lake county, to in Port
land In connection with the Summer
Lake Irrigation project He to at the
W. H Sheering of Walluto, a highway
contractor, to in Portland on a business
trip -
H. H. Gibson, former director of ag
ricultural education at Vermont uni
versity, has been appointed head of the
department of agriculture at Oregon
Agricultural can age.
Three hundred fortr-ona srrssta
subeequeat fines totaling 821.82 10.
made by Inspectors working out of the
motor division of the secretary of state's
office during the six sseeths ended
Jane SA
Crown-Willamette Pa oar cuts-
psay baa purchased feet of
aZ, i. T-h- sprues Umber north of Use Umpqua
district, is regis- rfVsr which will be set through a wt
ta. About SO pee- up plant to prepare for shipment to the
After a week-end trio with members
or the Portland Laundry association, J.
t sneison. representative of the Ameri
can laundry In this
teres at the Multnomah.
In the auto party that made I ataar mill.
Y,p if 3 TOUl . , ,Im w. Clarence Newton an inmate of the
spent In fishing and visiting the ice and I state hosrsltsl at Salem, la dead from
lava caves At the bars caves the party I a broken neck received when he climbed
traveled three-quarters of a mile under upon the wtitdss sill of his room and
ground. Included in ths.nartr wars c. I plunged head foremost te the cement
W. Halm and family of the Union laun- floor below.
drv. CI W Iil r.TM. auS t i
Portland laundry. L. H. Sammoau of WAsninuiv.
the National laundry, with wife and I La Cross s now has an lea plant with a
daughter ; W. Williams of Use Trov capacity of HOP pounds a dsy.
Laundry Machinery comnany : a o-1 One marriage license waa issued and
mund and wife of Osmund A Co. : F. I seven divorce esses filed In Walla Walls
A Den and wife of Pset Bros. Shan com- 1 lMt Saturday.
Dal) T : A. A. WwmA AiHrhsX wtrV mH su- n nf Pat Wells of BeiUngham
the J B Ford company : E L. Moors I ' P-osdsnt of the Washington
and Wife and Pasl Wandrr of tha Banr. I Xate
et Kirk wood comnany. Fire of unknown origin Friday de-
suujes uss larni nomw ox xvooeri jsj
hrittAn nnrth nf Tentnn et tha
ueurery or steel for the new Quarter contents was saved.
v m. uiuiion uuuar onags i vragon ny I Xs a result Of means devised at a
to expected to begin in September, ac- mass meeting of business men for
coming to c B. Mcculloch, chief of the financing the scheme, an Industrial fair
snogs department of the state highway I is assured ror rasco in is raiL
commission By the first of next year W H. Harding of Elma renorta the
the old bridge will be rased. Engineer
McCulloch also reports that It will not
be necessary to delay the opening of
the Morrison street bridge to install
new gears in the draw. This can be put
in later.
D. W. Twohy. president of the Old
National Bank of Spokane, and Mrs
Twohy have passed through Portland
en route to California.
Professor W. 8. Brown of Oregon Ag
ricultural college, E M. Harven. L P.
Wilcox and T. J. Rim old i motored into
Portland Tuesday.
Reservations have been made at the
Multnomah for W. F. Lander of Los
Angeles and L F. Murch of Berkeley for freighter
Buyer s wees.
Fred w. Falconer, present owner of
the Cunningham Sheep a Lend com
pany, to registered at the Imperial from
sale of more than 80 crates of straw
berries from a field of an acre and a
quarter, which he sold for an average of
f8 a crate.
Hooulam claims the youngest noHce
officer In the land. Hs to Jos Burehett
IB Fears old. who wears a star and pro
tects property in a public automobile
camp there.
Three members of the Walla Walla
postoffiee staff, where her husband la
employed, submitted to a transfusion of
blood Saturday to save the life of Mrs
Charles Wiseman.
John K. Ponder of La. Center has been
notified that the body of his son, Harry
Ponder, killed In the Argonne offensive
In October. 118. has been shipped to
Woodland for burial.
The master's license of Captain John
Alwea. commander of the shipping board
west Hartienfl when she
rammed and sank the Governor last
April l. has been suspended two years
meat buildings
bids for remodeling the govarn-
ron wans saua
By Fred Lockley
Uncle Jeff Snow Says
Down In V leal la, Cellforny. a good
many years ago a young teuer uuase
Billy Zumwalt into harts' a big writsup
of his ranch nut Into a county history
book. When it come to hsvin' a ptctur
of his fine trottln' hoes In it, and a pic-
tur of Billy. 80 year outer date, along
side, that went all right, only $M extra
Billy had htm a fine ranee, an out. tne
house, which waa a sway-backed string
of shanties so he had the book feller
take a picture of Jedge Beam's house in
Visalla and trim in some of the cotton-
wood trees around Billy's actual house
es's to look natchuL Billy lowed hs
Waa a-goin' to build him a house some
day exactly like the ledge's, sad he
never could understand Why people
laughed at that picture.
Curious Bits of Information
Gleaned From Curious
Newspapers have other uses Utah tem
porary umbrellas in an unsijeatsi
Shower. It is possible to make quits a
useful little tent of these, says 8. Leon
ard Bast in in St. Nicholas Secure a
pole that to six or etvsn feet long; a
piece of bamboo will do well. Near
fhe upper part of this wrap several
thicknesses Of stout twins
this part run lengths of twine.
should be carried est in tent fashion,
and at tha end they are fixed te wooden
pegs drives into the ground. In all.
there might be eight or Un of
lengths Cut the newspapers into
Of a suitable stse, and with pasts, f
them over the twine. One border of the
paper should be turned round the twine,
the edge of the next bit being stack
just over the part that la tarn id round.
As open space should be left to set as
a doorway to the tent To make .the
paper waterproof. ' sjo over It with s
brush dipped la Unseed ou. The paper
will then stand quite a fair amount of
rain. It is easy te gather up the tent
by taking out the central pole and loos
erdssg the pegs The paper then falls
the pole, ssmetblng like a giant
it to
r Interesting informs tie isgardtsg a last Us
aspsarlse tribe sf nati Af riee&e Is reeeawsd by
Mr Loekley. anottag Dr. Yasser Berg, s saU
ssi ry. waa nay tribute to the piss sf thee
"When I went into 'the interior of
Africa 25 years ago." said Dr. Leonard
J; vsnden Bergh of Portland, "we could
not take the Northern route, because
the Msssal were en the warpath. I can
not teD you how greatly I admire the
Mausal people, with whom I was later
so intimately associated. They will soon
be but a memory. They cannot survive
under the white man's civilisation. Last
year I visited one of their villages la
which there were 28 women and six
men, and there were but three children
in the whole village. In 180, a few
years after I went to Africa. Sir Charles
Elliot took a census of this tribe and
found there wsre approximately 250.800
of them. Today there are lees than 28.
000. The warriors of this tribe are tall,
slender, wiry, active, and possess tre
sssndous endurance. At my mission
compound one afternoon a lien made a
kin of one of the natives, so I sent a
Msaeal to summon a group of 18 war
riors whs were stationed 48 miles dis
tant The messenger left at about sup
per time. Next evening the It Msaeal
warriors were on band. They had made
the 48-mlle hike in 12 hours
"I made it a practice to go on Uon
hunts and leopard hunts With the people
with whom I was working, as I felt that
by taking the same risks they did my
Influence with them would be strength
ened. You probably know that the Mas
sal warriors are famous lion hunters but
you may not know just how they go
about It: so I will tell you their mods
of procedure. They prefer to hunt with
comrades if possible, bet if they are
alone they nhearfully tackle a lion
single-handed. They are armed with a
shield, a spear and a keen dagger. They
follow the uon to Its lair. When the
lion charges they throw the spear at
him. If it mimes they hold up the
shield. The Ilea leaps at the hunter and
lands against the shield. Quick as a
flash the hunter reaches below the shield
and rips the abdomen of the lies with
his dagger. OccaseaeaUy the Uon gets
in a savage blow on the native's
der. stripping the flesh from it, but
to the courage of the Msssal men that
abnost invariably they kin the uon, sad
rarely do they themsslves get killed
While men think it s brave thing .to go
after a Hon with a sigh-Moored rifle I
wonder what they would think of de
Dendiras seen their strength sf arm and
the quirks ass of their eye to kill a lien
with s knife, as de the natives
"1 wanted to get a god photograph
of a native Uu hunt, so I hired num-
have been rejected by Washington
authorities and the work will be seee
by force account under government
The body of James A. Hughes of Den.
ver, horticulturist for the Denver A
Rio Grande railway, was recovered
Sunday Just below the point where the
Y.ktma enters the Columbia. He was
drowned when he drove his ear off the
W ahl uke ferry two Weeks ago.
Ground has been broken at Lewisten
perisncs at a native leopard hunt The
"umcrw u-aca a leopard to where it to
sleeping in the high grass near a water
no a nr a a.. , . I unjuno DBS Dten DrOI
trie- To aai: r "Z uy r a new Presbyterian church building
- - ' "w.r"- i07 1U easting capacity of loos
. smswi as snaa- Cherry harvest to on in Latah county
X 7a . , ,Jraa meroma one side and the crop Is proving better than was
M"""y lowaro tne swamp i expected, out is less than naif
iue. raree men are stationed back of I average yield.
me net to receive the charge of the leoo- I Reports come from tha southeastern
aid. At this particular hunt I was given I P"-rt of Idaho that frost on the night of
one of the places of honor, back of the July destroyed 20 to 28 per dent of
net. The chief of tha trlha had tha a. lne wneat crop.
K. T.
. . . i . . .
us nL mis cater man. with a
pear, nan the right of the net L with
a club, had the left When the circle of
beaters had been made small they gave
great shout and the leopard shot out
or tne ntga gram like an arrow from a
taut bowstring. The spear of the head stock show at lewlstos.
man grased Its seek and the leopard I hare made it possible to hold
tumeo oaex Seward the line of beaters uus nu.
Seeing escape impossible there, he made
ror my spes sf the net, I gave him a
whack on the head with my
Meredith, former secretary
agriculture and a member of President
Wilson's cabinet, to in Idaho
after bis large land lmerests there.
Although the legislature refused an
appropriation for Use maintenance of
either the state fair at Boise or the live-
of Msaeal hunters to round up s
Uon. We located our lion and in place
of tackling the native hunters as I had
sad with a sear
For a Bui none there was brown blur of
lion and a dark blur of the asked bodies
of my Uon hunters, all mixed up. The
lion came opt -of H with sevep exears in
his body, but sdn fighting mad. It
looked as If I was partlerpating in ray
last hen hunt when, quicker than I ens
tell it one of my hunter dashed St the
staa, caught ban by the Out ssd with a
hesvr knifs stoabed hie smne sad ran.
dered him helpless. Tea, I gof a fixe
sectors of the Hob is mlrlsli Ishiiii lilag
hlmsest at the i
club, which did not lm Breve
any, and with a snarl of rage be turned
oacx toward the beaters and leaped high
over me need of one of them. The beat
er thrust his spear upward Into the
ard and stopped him In mid-night The
leopard came down in fuU action, tear
ing Use right breast of the beater nearly
off and lacerating the shoulder of another
beater who closed in to give it the death
stroke. I had the Job of patching ap
tnsrr wounaa They are very, philosoph
ical scout neing mangled in a lion
leopard bunt taking It as a part of the
game, where a white man would feel
both peeved and aggrieved at
"The tribal customs of these
are curious The young men must serve
12 years as warriors After the
of sei the has elapsed they are allowed
te marry and become elders of the tribe
Before their marriage they cannot est
with women, nor. in fact eat In a native
village The young women of the tribe'
have ae conception of what -we term
moreUty. They are In their sexual rela
tions as preeaiscuous as animals. The
young sees, the fighting force sf the
tribe, are under very strict discipline
They can net under any circumstances
drink liquor. They do not est "mealies'
or other vegetables for fear of being
despised as weaklings. They est raw
meat and drink blood or warm snfBt
Tney prefer warm Mood, however, te
milk. They catch an animal from the
herd and sUck a spear into its neck and
catch the Mood la .a gourd. They usu
ally take about two quarts of blood and
then let Use animal go. They do not
bleed the same animal snore than twice
a year. They churn the wars blood In
a gourd with a saddle tOl H f
sad then drink it The young men
charge of then cattle her as never
any provision along, depending entirely
upon a diet of hot blood from the ani
of the herd.
Nineteen automobiles loaded with
members of the Americas T sal pa ar
rived at Gooding a few days ago with
list Urea semi raise reset having
strewn the road with large building
tacks. rort
one tire
rty tacks wars pulled frees
"Often a lion will attack the
Without a moment's hesitation Use bord
er will advance upon the Uon and fight
it to the death, using only hto shield
and dagger. I have never seen greater
disregard of death or greater inrsnl
vsaishTRg tttbet It fcf toe bad they
da sea it by the vices of the white i
The cesmag sf the Arabs.
aud Bwahsito with Use building of
so eht if the Msssal wiU
yb Dttl
About nlns tenths of Multnomah
county taxes are paid by the proper
ty of Portland The following figures,
with others to follow in succeeding
installments, shew hew mesh sf
budgeted Items waa spent at the end
of the first, six months of this year i
e si : : i i iiii'tti et
ilis3:ss iiititii it 1
ill - 5 - - 1
J-Sss.sssssseesss si 5
ee's'eaa a .
is - o m m m t- m a a r t
4oisNaa tm
: I :::::::: j
:Ji;:;:l!M ill
..... . ,
r . . . , J
It win be noted that the
of expenditure to out of piuperUos te
the lapse of Urns The figures are
those submitted ay Rufus C
oaatrman of the