The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, November 04, 1920, Page 10, Image 10

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THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, OREGON.
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THURSDAYk NOVEMBER
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AS INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
C 8. JACKSON . ... . . 4 . . .... . ,". . .Publisher
l B calm, be eoof identi be ehoertal and do onto
tbera as ycq would bare Uku do onto you.)
Published every week 1T and Sunday narmnc.
at Tua Journal RuiVUnf. Broadway aad lam-
nm nrw, I'omana, urwgon.
Kntered at tb psotoffio at Portland. Oreeou.
.j tot trnnro luioo throucb U mail aa aacoad
elaaa matter. - - j " - - - - .
TIlStPHONES Main 7178. Automatio 680-51.
AU deportment leacbod by thaea oumben.
NATIONAL ADVEHTWISO BEPBF.8KNTA.
- T1VB Benjamin At Kentnor Co., Brumwvrk
-. Ttnildlnf. 225 Fifth arena. New lork; W0
Mller Buildinc.Cbieeto.
PAJ'IMO COAST BKPRK8ENTATTTE K.
Bsrsnser Co.. Kxsraiser Boildios, Ban Fran-
- aewa; Title Inirnce T)ulldln, toa Angel:
- I'M'Intellicencer BulWlna. Seattle.
IHS OREGON JOURNAL reiertea the nbt to
rejoet adiartUing copy wtaieb it deama ob-
' " jectwnabte. It aim will not print any copy
that In any way simulates reading, matter or
that cannot readily ba raeognuwd aa adjar-
tuini
BCBJMTtlPTION RATES
By Carrier, f'lty and Country
0b week. :.. , . . .IS
6na month ...... I .65
-. , i DAILY.
fna week. .10
an. iL A K
I. BUKDAI
One weak. ......$ 05
B" MAS AlX'RATtS PATABLE IN ADVANCE
DAILY AND BbSDAY
Ona year. . . . ...88.00
Six month 4.25
DAILY
. (Without Sunday)
Pna-year. .8800
month..... 8. 26
Thraa montba... 1.79
' Dae month ..... .60
i WEEKLY
(Ever; AVadoeaday)
fn year. . .. ...11.00
.. . . . y
Three montba. ... 13-23
una montn...... . io
j SUNDAY
I (Only)
One year ,18.00
8I montba. ... . . 1.75
;Tbra month.... 1.00
WEEKLY AND '
KILN DAY
One year. ...... .$3 60
Oil manini . .... ii .
Thau ntaa arroi only in tha West.
flatr to Eastern point fnrniibed on anplica
tinn. Make remittance by Money Order, EipraM
Order I or IHalA If your t ptoffi- la not a
Money Order office. 1- or 8-cent tampa will n
. an-rpted. Make all Territttanee payable to Tha
journal, imima, uma.
Mr "counsel 1 that; wa hold fast to the
heaeealy way and follow after rustic and
rirtu always, considering that the tool is
immortal and able to endure erery sort of
good and erery sort of eri PIatat
CHAMBERLAIN
T 'HOUGH defeated . Senator Cham-
bcrlain Is to be congratulated'. It
is not he, but the state of Oregon, that
is toi b commiserated.'
Republics are often ' ungrateful.
There is a woundedtman in. the' White .
House. No record j of ideal and pro
gressive achievement more brilliant
than! his was ever given a country.
But the election Returns are "as if
Woorirow Wilson is rejected and for
sakeh. His vindication is postponed.
..Vol for any failure of his, not for
any shortcoming, Riot for any flaw
in hJs record was' Senator Chamber
Iain j beaten. Even; those who ' con
spired against him j acknowledged his
effectiveness. They knew what . his
place was in the senate. They knew
the distinction he! had laid at 'the
feet of his state. They, knew the con
spicuous standing he had given Ore
gon jin tiiei legislation of the war.
It was not for failure in these things,
but In spite of tnes things, that Senar
, tor Chamberalin went down before the
tide of post-war reaction. In soberer
moments and la mpre peaceful times
many a regret will be felt by some of
those who laid aside their better Judg
ment and cast a partisan vote against
a senator whom the senate itself and
the
country acknowledged as of full
manfs stature, a citizen four square
and of senatorial capacity full orbed.
Sflnator Chamberlain is to be con
trratiulatcd. The fickle public will
come back to reason. Now and in the
imniediate" hereafter, Senator Cham
berlain will sense the great truth
that the real appreciation Js .not in
the j election returns but In the quiet
ind; well nigh, universal acclaim of a
-commonwealth's citizenry.
Some day our people will more
prlie able and effective public service,
nrt prize less the mummery of party
politicians. By and by we shall all
realize that the way tOj get good serv
ice! Is to reward good service. In
time we shall come to know that the
way . to induce the best men to accept
h igh .office is to support . them and
appreciate them when they add. lustre
to office. It will come" to all in time,
that a distinguished! service rendered
in ja public way isione of the most
preciousssets of a:republie and that
it te a conscientious fluty to honor and
reward It - . j "
Oregon waited a j long: ;:me for a"
Senator Chamberlain. . The state is to
be -congratulated on the lustre he has
wreathed around the name of Ore
gon at Washington.- ,
JSIotwithstancUns I the completion
of the Russian harvest, even Lenin
admits that Russia! is hungry. Mos
cow is btarvtng. The army is ex-
perienclng a eevere ... food shortage
Who .wants to be i a Bolshevist or
under a Bolshevist: regime?
1
"NOT - A COMMODITY'
Ci,PTAiN5 of induslry are learning
' that workers demand more than
dollars . and cents. iThey cannot be
purchased as -wood j or cotton. The
human factor Is' a factor.
' Industrial plants arc , now estab
lished fn greater numbers away from
the populous . citics.i The movement
' to ' (lie rural districts is an attempt
to iget away from labor troubles. It
js brought' aboot to remove workers,
from ' reach of radical propagandist
and to establish a social relationship
among the workers and a more Inti
mate understanding between, owner
and employes.; ' ; -
Time was, not kmg ago,-when little
heed was paid to the t man in the
factory. If he was tired of his job
he could- quit-7-others could, be se
cured to take his place. (He was paid
a miserable wage, and that was all
that was necessary to hold him. He
had to live. ' .
Today it is more than a : question
of dollars and cents. -The man who
works demands a .. place to live, a
place where his family may be reared,
lie ; demands social Intercourse ; and
some of the happiness 'of life. "He de
mand, and Justl, that he be accorded
the treatment of a human being,
rather Uharj that of a stick of wood.
The employers: who were reaction
ary are giving away, inch by inch,
to the tide. - They are granting more.
They are finding it necessary to the
success pp their business to afford the
worker a decent living and happiness.
Never were ' .truer words spoken
than that "labor is not a commodity."
Eggs rjost be a valued commodity
ui AiasKa. cine oi me aiuki Bienm
ship companies recently paid a claim
27 cents-r-for breaking' one hen
fruit in transit to Anchorage. It is
poseible that the egg when -broken
created dlstreaa to the olfactory or
gans of those1 to ..horn it wascon
signed, for another 7 cents waa added
for undescribed damages.
THE PRESIDENT ELECT
MR, HARDING goes into office with
a tremendous vote of confidence
from the American people. ,
It is well that the verdict should
have been so decisive. ' It will help
give him' strength in the face of the
solemn responsibilities of bis great of
fice. He needs all the strength and
all . the support that can be consci
entiously given him.
As president he may develop a
broader vision than that vvfth which
his senatorial course was charted. In
these coliiplex times, serving as presi
dent is a colossal undertaking. No
body-knows that better than the man
now. In the White House suffering
from the wounds of war. Higher
ideals may come to I !- Harding when
he actually succeeds to the position
of a Woodrow Wilson. In aiiy event,
it is .the fair thing to give the man
a chance. He cannot wreck1 America
as some of his opponents seem to
think. The United States is too big.
too sound and too intelligent in the
last analysis, and too much bigger
than any president to be led far
afield.
Two great problems confront "Mr.
Harding the issue of reaction and
progressivism and the League of Na
tions. The first, in spite of Tuesday's
election returns,- does not mean, that
the masses of Mr. Harding' spirty are
committed Jo reaction.
As to the League of Nations, it is
notdead. It will be claimed, and Mr.
Harding will most likely accept that
view, that the ' erdlct atlhe polls is
a condemnation or American entrance
into the league.
That will be a mistaken conclusion.
The, league issue is alive. The fight
will not be dropped. The disad
vantages in a business way of Ameri
can aloofness from the' league will
presently appear in tumbling prices
and drooping business. America may
not. enter the league in Mr. Harding's
time. If not, there will be another
great contest four year ' hence, and
probably with different- results. The
fight for the greatest proposal of all
time 1 will not 'end until there is a
settlement harmonious with i the
canons of civilization -
The province- of Quebec has gone
the two-blades-of-grass one , better.
It has adopted a policy of planting
two pine trees where pne Is cut
down.
BUILDING ; MORE BATTLESHIPS
ASA result of "America's rejection
of the League of 'Nations" tho
Japanese government has decided that
the Japanese program of construction
of eight battleships and eight cruisers
is insufficient.
It is a perfectly logical decision.
There Is friction between the Pacific
coast states and Japan. Jintoes in
both countries fan that flame at every
opportunity. The bickerings of today
can easily, mount to an international
dispute tomorrow. , Healizing this, the
Japanese government has decided that
eight battleships and eight cruisers
are insufficient as that nation's naval
program. J . " -w
japan cannot afford to be caught In
a conflict with America with an in
ferior navy. It is as certain as death
that if -America remains out of the
league that Japan will go on building
battleships. V Her j navy is the one
chance she would have In ease of a
great international quarrel with the
United States, of defending herself
against invasion. Her navy, would be
her one and only means of backing
up her diplomacy, for she could not
hope to. assemble an army that would
hold Its own with, America. :
And. if Japan builds battleships, so
wilt the United States. If we remain
out or the league we will not reduce
but increase our armaments and that
in turn' will interfere with the pro
gram of the league nations for uni
versal reduction of armaments. Japan,
a member of the lcaue, would, in
self protection, object to a reduction
of her naval, and -military- establish
ment. For reasons more or less simi
lar, other league nations Would hesi
tate to cut tlicir armament programs.
When the American senate rejected
the peace treaty and refused to enter
the League of Nations It blocked the
greatest forwarmovement ever in
augurated for, the benefit of clviliza-?
tiOO. - .:V. '
. A London commission ias esti
mated that the unburned fuel
which escapes through the grates
of Britain would, if captured,
London - for at least six months ot
each year. But at the present, un
deterred by the commission's report.
It continues to befoul the country
side In the form of soot.
HOSPITALITY
THERE is hospitality and hospital
ity, and hospitality.: Sometimes it
Is appreciated. Sometimes it Is not.
Last summer a man, his wife and
a young lady were, entertained on a
wealthy New Yorker's yacht. Af ter
a few hours' out, the' guests say. the
yacht owner, acting as skipper, found
time to Imbibe frequently In spiritu
ous liquors. Soon, an explosion took
place, and all hands were forced to
go over the side for safety. They
spent some time in the water and left
their jewels, money, clothing and
other valuables behind.
They have' now filed suits against
the host, asking for more than $50,000
to reimburse them for the expensive
and exciting hospitality that was
theirs. !. ' '!'"!'
Just imagine this scene in an
American newspaper office Hugh
Graham, editor of the - Montreal
Star, was ielevated to .the peerage
as Lord Atholstan. Whereupon, re
lates the Nation's Business, a mem
ber -of his staff entered the office
and seriously began, "If your lord
ship graciously pleases ." But "his
lordship's reaction was truly Amer
ican. He said, "Cut out the bunk."
AMERICANS FIRST
THrI. W. W., the Red, the Bolshe
vist, will lack jobs In Northwest
lumber camps jf the lumberjacks
themselves support the resolution
adopted by the directors of the Loyal
Legion of TOggers aiyl Lumbermen for
the Central Puget Sound district in
Seattle. :
"Americans First" was the gist and
almost the text 'of the declaration.
Pending lumber rate adjustments,
some of the camps and mills may
elos,e down. The number of jobs will
be, reduced. Then it will be "Amer
icans First." . !
In the future, lines will be even
more closely drawn between those
who come "Into this country to be
citizens and those who continue their
citizenship id the countries which they
left with hate in their hearts. "Amer
icans First."
Whether jobs be many or few,
Americans by birth or adoption have
not only the first but the only just
claim. Those who would spend the
money they" earn in devices to de
stroy the equipment and machinery
arid that more v.tal thing, the morale,
of the very camps that give them em
ployment deserve no chance to fol
low their Impulses. They are the
Judases of the camps. If permitted
by apathy or tolerance to begin de
stroying, their trail of ! destruction
would widen until it included the very
democracy of America. " ,
"Americans First" ly all means, and
good Americans at that. Let It be a
most desirable object for the man of
native birth to protect his birthright,
and he of alien birth to declare im
mediately his intention to grasp the
prize Of citizenship in the nation
whose very life is freedom.
The debate over 'who wrote
Shakespeare's plays goes merrily on.
An Englishman named Looney says
that they were written by an Earl
of Oxford. "Looney is all wrong,"
says a literary reporter; . "Shake
speare's plays were written by
Charley" Chaplin's ugfHe, the late
Lord Helpus."
LIKE CLEVELAND'S! TIME
THERE is a close parallel in the
conditions under which Mr. Hard
ing wiU take office and those under
which Grover Cleveland went into the
White House for his second term in
1893.
Both were swept into office by
landslides. ! Each faced the future at
the head of a party In which were
deep-seated grounds, fordisagrecment.
More t than half of Cleveland s party
was for free sHvc and the rest for
theold standard. A big group in Mr.
Harding's party is for the League yof
Nations, and an equal or larger group
is against it It,
Cleveland's party split w ide open la
congress over free silver and did not
recover for years. With the Johnsons
and Borahs on one side and the pro
league senators on the other side in
an irreconcilable disagreement, Mr.
Harding will be a past, master in di
plomacy if he succeeds in keeping his
party from an open break.
i:: Cleveland went into offi4 with gen
eral conditions on the down grade.
Harding is faced with .the1 certainty
of tumbling prices -for farm products,
a generally unsettled condition in eco
nomic adjustments as to workers and
employers, conditions that are full' of
dynamite.: : , j
; Cleveland was a reactionary who
came Into' office, when progressivism
wasbut a small factor In American
life. Hardirig takes up the reins pf
government, ?a pronounced reaction
ary, with a full half of the rank and
file and numerous leaders of his party
thoroughly progressive j and' at a
time when progressivism . is certain
to reappear as a vital if; not a com
manding Issue. ; - -1
Thus Johnson, Borah.' LaFolletle,
Capper, McNary anu other senators
are progressives, while the dominant
group in thej senate is reactionary, and
very certain j having the president with
them, to undertake legislation of a
reactionary character,' just as Cleve
land, to the great resentment'of many
of his partyj leaders, demanded repeal
of the silver, purchase ct.
There are many factors in the situ
ation today that vividly recall Grover
Cleveland and his second very storm
administration.
Many a man took care of the
babies last Tuesday while wifie
voted. I
CAPPER AND THE
GRAIN GAMBLERS
Statement of Kansas Senator's Pro
gram to Dethrone a Power That
. Despoils Producers Without
; , -Aiding Consumers.
From the Chrvttian 8ciene Monitor
The acceptable service rendered by
Arthur Capper as governor ot the state
of Kansas was no doubt accepted, at
least by the farmers of that great agri
cultural commonwealth, at the time he
was sent to Washing-ton as a senator, as
a pledge that he would continue as their
champion. Certainly he has done
nothing- thus far to disappoint them.
Himself a student of farm' economics,
particularly In relation to the people and
industries of the Middle. West, and with
added equipment gained aa a public offi
cial and legislator, he has always been
quick to discover arid apply needed
measures, of relief, often where others
might have found difficulty In deciding
as to the exact nature of the trouble te
be dealt with. It may be too early to
assert that, in his annosnced attempt to
eliminate fictitious speculation In wheat,
the Kansas senator has hit 'upon exactly
the right method to be followed, but it
Is not too early to say, with a fair de
gree of definiteness. that he is evidently
goins to make a determined effort, at the
next session of congress, to obtain fa
vorable action on a measure, now beinsc
prepared, which will put an end to what
he declares the worst form of legalized
gambling- ever countenanced in a free
country.
Senator Capper starts upon his cam
paigrn against, board of trad speculation
in wheat and other grains by Btattng: a
self-evident proposition. It is that ficti
tious dealt. ; which really have nothing
to do with legitimate sales and deliveries
of the commodities dealt in, damage, the
producers of -wheat and -other grains,
without benefiting the' consumers. He
reasonably insists that the farmer should
have a moral guarantee that the market
for hia grain will be fairly stabilized.
That may be taken to mean, no doubt,
that the farmer's market should be con
trolled, as other markets are presumed
to be controlled, by the so-called law'of
supply and ! demand. . Of course. Sena
tor Capper has no difficulty whatever
in establishing the fact that thenarket
for wheat, for Instance, cannot be even
measurably j stabilized so long -as fic
titious Speculation in wheat is per mitt ed.-
The goyernmept of the United States
realized this fully during the war
emergency, when it desired, for the pur
pose of Inducing a maximum production
of breadstuffs. to guarantee to the farm
er a fixed ' price for wheat, and con
sequently prohibited board of trade spec
ulation In grains for the time being.
Senator Capper insists that the economic
emergency" is less only in a measure
than during the time of the', war. and
that the world needs all the bread that
can be produced now; as It needed it
then. Maximum production cannot, it
Is declared, be maintained if the farmer
Is to: be compelled to take his chances,
with high cost of labor and fertilizers,
and the increased cost of machinery and
transportation, of selling his products
at an actual loss, or at a minimum profit,
because of market fluctuations caused
by fictitious speculation.
The public, so-called, the great' mass
of consumers who buy bread as they buy
clothing, shoes and other commodities,
may qTHte reasonably suppose that, if
the farmer is compelled to accept less
for his wheat, the prices of flour and
bread will eventually reflect the low
ered costs, j The consumers are. per
haps, able to point to similar reflected
declines in the prices of other commodi
ties, but it; is Insisted that the same
economic law does not prevail in respect
to wheat and bread. The reason is sim
ple and plain. It Is that the price of
fered by buyers of wheat in the states
where the grain is produced and actually
delivered is the fictitious price estab
lished and-reflected In the wheat pits of
the boards of trade, and that in the sea
sons of the year when the bulk of the
wheat crop is offered for sale the price
is kept down to the -lowest point to
which it can be forced by shrewd manip
ulation, or 1 by the uncertainties inci
dental to fluctuation. Senator Capper
points out that this wheat, bought at the
lowest possible price, does not find its
way into mills or into ocean transports,
but that It is held and sold, finally, in
the markets of the world, at a price es
tablished, in fact. by the law of supply
and demand.' Thus It is that the con
sumer, who sometimes sees lower prices
ror wool reflected in the reduced price
of clothing, or a lower price for raw
sugar In Cuba reflected in a lower price
for refined eu?arat.the corner grocery,
seldom sees the price ot bread governed
sympathetically by the actual price
which the farmer receives for his wheat.
t
e 'Kansas senator declares that
wheat speculation on the Chicago board
of trade has cost the wheat producers of
the United States $909,000,000 In the last
two months, of which the loss to the
farmers of his state approximates $140.-.
000.000. H says this loss has been re
flected in a. gain to the consumer of
barely one ounce of bread In the loaf
at the old price. The present grain crop
of . the country has been sold, or oversold.
five, or six times by the speculators,
with: actual deliveries, as a result of
their transactions, of about 1 per cent
of the grain dealt in. His solicitude is
not for those who, by speculation, lose
fortmnes in the wheat pit. He' apparent
ly makes no pretence of waging a moral
or ethical crtisade." But he is solicitous
for those who are compelled to suffer be
cause of the ramblers' greed and ma
nipulations. He sees a great " vital in
dustry throttled -and at the mercy 'of
Irresponsible and -designing speculators,
the products of a year of. toll and the
legitimate returns from invested capital
unprotected from a destroying and
wanton enemy. , This industry he seeks
to protect,; not against the legitimate
consumer, 'who., presumptively, stands
ready to share common benefits with the I
fai-mer, but against those whose hope ori
gain lies In the misfortunes and the de
fenselessness of others.
Letters . From the People
f Communications aent to. The Jonrnat for
publication in this department ahonM be -written,
on only one aid of the paper; should not oseeod
SOO word in lencth, and must be signed by tha
writer, who mail addrta in full must aecom
panj tb contribution.! . y
'.""'". CAR RIDERS' COMPLAINTS I
Tortland, Nov. 2.-tTo the Editor; of
The Journal This .communication, is
called : forth : by a letter in the Daily
News of November 1. sifrned "Mrs. H.
Blanco. ',' I wonder if Mr. Every Day
Ctt!senreallxes that the -Portlajid rail
way has hundreds of men in its employ
and that .;, the average conductor or
motorman is both courteous and ac-
tommodating. How can the company
do anything with any complaint unless
it Is specific and carries definite data
from which, it can work? Also,.! won
der if this same Mr. Every- Day Citizen
realizes that he has in bis employ a
public service Commission, maintaining
Portland offices, to which complaints
and : criticisms may be submitted, if
accompanied by definite . information.
There is no use In sending them any
other class of. complaint or criticism. :
i When a conductor refuses to stop for
transfer passengers at a transfer point,
under the regulations' governing such
change of cars. If Mr. Citizen will take
the trouble to carefully take the number
of the car and the time of day or night,
also, if possible noting time of next car
following bo that the excuse of "an
other car right behind" cannot be given
by Mr. Negligent . Motorman, and wtU
take the matter to the Portland Railway.
Light & . Power company, he is more
than likely to get action, and failing
to do so, if he sends such definite in
formation to the public service com
mission he is pretty sure to get im
mediate attention. The commission has
neither time nor money to devote to
complaints based merely on personal
pique, but honest and constructive criti
cism, accompanied by definite data, is
welcomed and secures results.
Personally, I am of the opinion that
it would be well if the public service
commission would give Mr. Every Day
Citizen a little instruction . as to diity
devolving- on him by the exercise of
which he would cooperate instead of
complain through the daily press.
: One of the Every Day Citizens.
AT THE POOR FARM;
Umatilla. Nov. 3. To the Editor of The
Journal The Journal contained recently
a most Interesting report entitled
''County Farm Is . Making , Proits,"
which means that the Multnomjah county
poor farm is showing a profit of $8111
after feeding 300 inmates, and with nu
merous supplies on hand for the winter.
It does not state whether the. inmates
work the farm or not, but it is to be pre
sumed that some are made useful and
happy in producing those 7562 pounds of
butter,' 406 quarts of fruit, 313 quarts ot
vegetables, etc But, be that as it may,
the farm, properly equipped and scien
tifically managed, by the aid of the O.
A. C. manages to supply with food its
300 inmates. It is a commendable
achievement and has in it an object les
son for the rest of us.
Why does not the state or county see
to it that people have their natural op
portunities before they become charges
of the state -or county? Instead of it
being a disgrace to go to thepoor farm,
in future It will be looked upon as a rare
opportunity, as the only access to land
and natural resources.
If, those 70,000 steel workers who are
not getting wages necessary to maintain
the prescribed American standard of
living only knew what a boon is our
poor farm, and if only those 2,000,000
-f underfed children in New York" knew of
the 289,71 1 pounds of milk on our poor
farm, and if. the skilled workers who
put in twenty years of their best efforts
in order to earn enough to pay for the
fjrst cost of a farm at from $100 or
over per acre, have the same opportunity
as those people on the poor farm those
who haven't a home, and those who are
working against odds to pay for the one
they think they have but may never be
able to pay for, and who do not covet
the. position of the Inmates of the poor
farm let them not be afraid to vote for
a single (ax measure the next time they
get the chance. ChristlAa H. Mock.
FOR TRUTH AND CLEANLINESS
Jom Associated Adrerti&ins
Not every newspaper publisher has the
courage to place truth and cleanliness,
honesty and decency in advertising, on
one scale-of the business balance and
$75,000 In business ' annually on the
other-.. -.-I' - .
That Is what The Oregon Journal, pub
lished in Portland, has done. Some time
ago it shut out of its columns advertise
ments of quack doctors and of. most of
the patent medicines. Now it has gone
further, as witness its announced policy,
as follows :
"The Oregon Journal, reserves"' the
right "to reject copy which it deems ob
jectionable. It also will not print any
copy that in any way simulates reading
matter or that cannot readily be recog
nized as advertising. .
"In the application of the general pol
icy toward advertising- and advertising
copy, use these criteions:
"Copy for medicine taken internally
not accepted. . '.
"Copy simulating reading mattar not
accepted. t ' ' ..
"Discussion or mention of symptoms,
diseases, cures, guarantees not permitted.
"What may be considered ugly illus
trations not accepted.
"Unpleasant words prominently dis
played must be' revised.
."Questionable financial or wildcat ad
vertising not taken." -
For a time The Journal may suffer
financially "because of Its stand, but it
need not expect to suffer long from that
cause. Advertisers, these days, seek
good company and avoid, evil associa
tion. The probability is that many new
accounts will be- obtained by reason of
the newspaper's stand ; the certainty is
that its readers will have more confi
dence In tha advertising t does carry
and that it win be of greater value, in
consequence, to its advertisers.
THE PLEASANT FRIENDSHIPS OF
OREGON.
Krom the La Grande Observer
Lingering in the minds of all La
Grande and Union county people :s the
refreshing pleasantry of the visit of 100
Fortland business men who came into'
Eastern Oregon for business, pleasure
and to widen their acquaintance.
- Some'might call it a purely money get
ting excursion, but that would be wrong.
J Kven if some of the party had their eye
on business results , wholly when they
started, they' returned realizing that far
greater than money consideration, far
greater than increased volume of busi
ness, far greater than mere "talking
shop." are the friends they have made
on this journey.
To clasp hands, to exchange ideas, to
mingle socially constitutes the biggest
asset of this trade excursion. For after
all commerce is commerce the world
over. It Is cold and insincere. Products
are purchased and paid for. ' Men and
firms prosper and fail. People of today
play with, their business much as a boy
of six plays with his blocks. There is
no permanency in business, no ,food for
the soul, no ideas that linger ' through
storm afkd adversity.
Quite different with the friendships
made by the Portland men, for those
friendships will survive when business
is paying- 50 per cent and when it shows
a loss of 10 per cent. The pleasant fea
tures of this trip will be to them a tonic
during their tired business hours. And
to Union county people there will al
ways remain delightful recollection of
the exceptionally fine bunch ot Portland
business men who came and made merry
with us.
EUROPE IS TRAVEL-MAD
From tho Cokwado Spring Telecrapb
Central Europe chiefly Austria Hun
gary, Rumania and, adjacent countries
are travel mad." In spite of govern
ment limitations. Journeys are made on
slight pretexts. - Whole families go wan
dering from town to town. , To the rep
resentative of a New YorK paper. Queen
Marie of Rumania V voiced the feelings
of thousands of her subjects when she
said, "How I envy ' you your .travels.
Think of the glorious freedom Of going
somewhere far away." Admiral Horthy,
Hungary's regent, remarked that he
wakes up at night now -thinking of the
COMMENT- AND
SMALL CHANGE
That frf aVt a. A j:.4V
MZ a-" RUVI VatVIUlUII . awWlKl W
affect the size of the ballot. : .
TaSfa. Wtta S trr wmtm 1 - 1. a. J,
, - " niBusci Derails iu ue gelling!
into more wrangles than he' entitled to.
TlBlk. I, at JAM.U J
ucicc v. wiuaiiiciion w
Knowing a newspaperman was elected.
Lfit'fl In rill i a fhak vaatka .. srlwa
Us a Stsndint? fnrevnet , ! r mnA
warmer' ' "-r
.'" " ;"
Booze valued at $40,000 was stolen in
would be, how much was saved. .
Probably, now that election's over,
Dempsey and Carpentier can sret a niche
on the front pare for a few days.
Whether we like the result or not,
wonder if we can't all get behind or
before the Of. O. P. and push or pull
for a greater America? -
-
' The draw poker craze that is sweeping;
Paris had its counterpart in the Wild
West 60 years ago: and yet they say
Paris is the most up-to-date city in-the
world.
.
Again. In connection with the Western
grain movement, the railroad equipment
is found wtanting. But there's nothing
lacking in the system of charging for
the traffic.
, " .
- Fate seems to knock a fellow aaainet a
trick wall pretty often, but If th blow
is hard enough he may go on through
meres a Dig paten or sunshine on
the other side.
It iwas a warning in the old da,ys of
mere temperance. "Beware of the first
drink t" But in these -days of sulphuric
acid and concentrated lye moonshine, it
should read, "Beware of the last drink,"
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL .
Random Observations About Town
Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Crider motored
from Dallas and registered Wednesday
at the Imperial hotel. They are on a
pleasure trip. Mr. Crider is a merchant
of Dallas.
- '
"Natchez, Mise.rcontinues to fly the
Confederate flag and doesn't know the
Civil war is over," says Allison Walsh,
a resident of that city, who was at
the Multnomah hotel Wednesday. "Dur
ing Roosevelt's first campaign he noted
Ihe flag and ordered it taken down.
The residents refused ; eaid the-'spirit
was still there, and when Informed that
it was a tradition that the flag, should
fly until worn to shreds, Roosevelt
withdrew his orders. It's a fine place
for deep." : -
-
Fred W. Faulkner of Pendleton, a
woolgrower, registered at the Imperial
Wednesday.
-
Allan McKenzie of San Francisco, a
bond dealer, registered at the Benson
hotel Wednesday.. ;
,' .,'-,'!-!
"Oregon will bo a great state for
machinery salesmen this next year," be
lieves Harley J. Armstrong, manager of
the Clyde Kquipment company of Se
attle, who is at the Multnomah. "The
road-building program alone will require
hundreds of thousands of dollars for
road machinery," he said. "The lumber
situation 'will unquestionably clear 4t-
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
By FredLbckley
(Hariris toured Eastern Oreg-on recetiUy, Mr,
Lockley in this and a few succeeding article -mil
pay bis - respect to the enterprise that haa
achieved such wonderful results: in ISastern Uro
gon. with incomparably greater objectives pro
grammed for the easliesfr possible accomplish
ment. And first. Mr. Lockiey writes of Bsksr
and Baker county.
There was a time "when the communi
ties' throughout the state looked upon
Portland as a robber baron at the head
of navigation holding' them up for tribute
on all incoming or outgoing commerce.
The "bunchgrassers" and "sagebrushers'f
of the "cow counties" regarded with- sus
picion the protestations of friendship of
the Portland wholesalers and held the
webfooters" of the Willamette valley in
contempt. m ;
' ..'(.
I That day has 'gone by. The f ive-score
business men of Portland on the "Good
will i Special" .which recently vlBlted
Eastern Oregon found wherever they
went a feeling of kinship and friendli
ness.
George II. Currey'of La Grande, Mal
heur and Baker, for he is at home in all
three towns, sounded the keynote of ;the
attitude of Eastern Oregon's citizens
toward Portland when he said: .
"In the spirit of brotherhood and fel
lowship we greet our visitors from Port
land. We ( are proud of Portland, and
look to it for- counsel and assistance.
Portland's future depends' upon the de
velopment! of the interior country. We
of Eastern Oregon believe in the pro
ductiveness of our lands, the future of
our industries and the stability of our
commerce. Only through the applica
tion of outside capital can -we irrigate
our thirsty acres and build more and
bigger factories and mills.; Portland as
sembles, 'and distributes our products.
They need the products of the land and.
we ned the port. Acquaintance begets
understanding, and understanding leads
to cooperation and team work."
- m
1 saw Baker then Baker City for the
first time nearly 40 years sgd, while
going by wagon to Walla Walla. In
those days it was a typical frontier
town a town of unpainted shacks, of
saloons and gambling halls, of livery
stables and blacksmith shops-, of cow
boys and miners, of hitching racks where
cow ponies stood unhitched with the
sea and in his dreams hears the sound
of the ocean. "I have sailed the world
around and now -1 can't even get a
glimpse of the blue water," he told an
interviewer.
Ths general restlessness of the popu
lation of Central Europe is a logical
aftermath of the hysteria of war. This
part of the world lived through the tense
years of conflict with Its accompaniment
of terror and privation, and now feels
a natural reaction against the pallor of
peace-time days. Not the least to be
said against war, in fact,' is the way in
which it develops the appetite for highly
splcea sensation, and atrophies ' or " de
stroys the quieter but 'sounder pleasure
which people normally take in the com
monplace round of worR and play.' The
business of living sensibly and serenely
is monotonous to war-torn nerves. Hence
the delight in feverish amusements. In
the extremes of getting and spending, in
wanton waste, in. gross extravagance.
A good deal of what Is the matter with
the world in -general today is' due to
the swing of the pendulum rrom the ex
citement of war -to -the wholesome mo
notony of peace. ' Central 'Europe, which
got more of war than most of us, simply
has an aggravated case which is cor
respondingly long in mending.-. But if
Central Europe and the rest of us are
going to get anywhere, fhm hysteria
which expresses Itself in a lust for travel
or for any other form of useless excite
ment must be cured. And the cure Ii s
within ourselves.'
i'. WHAT BECOMES OF THEM?
- From tha Kansas City Times
The Immigration at the port of New
fork continues at a rate unapproached
' "' '"-- '-''; ' " t f '
NEVS IN BRIEF
SIDELIGHTS
There are several hard colds in our
midst, with nothing hard to backfire
with Ashland Tidings.
e i.
It might help some if every organisa
tion of workers was strictly limited to
workers. Salem Journal.'
. ...
The price of coal is fair enough when
you figure the value of the heat units
In. the bill. Kugene Guard.
Grass on the range ia thick as hair
on a dog, and a doggone eight longer.
Blue Mountain Eagle,
.
It Is Just one thing after another. In
the summer time the grass and weeds
litter the yards and .parkings, and In the
fall the leaves pile' up on the streets
and in the alleys. Kugene Guard.
. -
Work on next year's Hog and Dairy
Show has already begun. It's the big
gest thing ever started In Washington
county, and started in a way that means
growth and everlasting success. Banks
Herald.
Many of the horticulturists are making
apple cider, and can't sleep nights for
fear it will develop aome authority, in
accordance with the laws of nature, and
contrary to the laws of the land. Med
ford Sun.
-
The prize, winning corn exhibit at the
Land .Products Show is boxed prepara
tory to being shipped to -Portland to
enter in the Portland Corn Show, which
starts November 13, and lasts until Feb
ruary 27. Roseburg News Review,
i .
No better weather is obtainable any
where than the present batch, but the
people do not appreciate it They want
to go to California and have their pock
els picked while enjoying the sunshine.
Medford Mail-Tribune.,
self, now that election is oyer, and then
things w ill hum."
- -
"I missed my vote ; but, then, the
candidate I wanted in really didn t need
tt," eald C. B. Rathburn of San Fran
cisco, a mining man who Is at the
Portland hotel. He arrived Wedftesday
but is returning south today, after com
pleting his business here. .
'-.''
J. B. Fullerton of Los Angeles. A. L.
Hodgden of Hoquiam and J. H. . Con
stantino of Vancouver, B. C, were ar
rivals at the Multnomah Wednesday.
"I'll wager any amount of money on
the presidential election now," said
Henry B. Waters, who registered at the
Oregon hotel from Kugene late Wednes
day. "Where's all the money I heard
was being offered?"
: A breath from old Kentucky not the
kind you think was brought to the
vr..innmoH WMfnMvlav hv Kl in PT 1 sLT-
desty. who registered from Breathitt
county, that state. "I can remember
when we had sd many feuds down home
that lrr.ll rauMn't CO OUt at night.
especially If you'd trod on some fellow's
toes that day.;: no judge nor jury wouio
mintiri man for ktllinr another, with
Just cause. In those days. Killings were
a common occurrence; trials a travesty.
But it's all peaceful now.
r
reins, hanging over their heads.' The
livery stables, blacksmith shops and
hitching .posts are but a memory. 'Where
the cow ponies stood patiently awaiting
their, roistering owners, high-powered
cars are now parked.' In those days
Baker had a population of about 7,00.
Today It Has 7727, according to Uncle
Sam'a census returns;- The county was
named for Colonel E. D. Baker, Oregon's
gallant senator who fell while leading
his men at Ball's Bluff in the early days
of the Civil : war. The city took its
name from the county, and is the county
seat. It is surrounded by miles of fertile
lands of the Powder Klver valley. It Is
one of the well known camps on the old
Oregon trail, but the oxen and prairie
schooners have given.way to Packards,
Bulcks and Fords. It Is mountain be
girt, many of the surrounding peaks
rising to "the attitude of over 9000 feet.
Cattle, sheep, wool, hay and fruit, with
lumber and mining, are the backbone of
Baker's prosperity. In the county there
are fiva mills which bring in an annual
revenue in excess of 43,000,000 for their
white pine lumber.
- ; '
In! the old days Baker county was
known only as a mining district, and
millions of dollars have been taken from
the Mormon Basin, Cornucopia, Sumpter,
Snake river, and Rock creek districts.
Where the old-time placer. miner
skimmed the cream and got the values
'In coarse gold, hydraulic dredges are
now making; good money on Powder
river and Burnt river. The whole dis
trict seems to be highly mineralised,
gold, silver, copper, chrome, manganese
and antimony being found in the sur
rounding mountains. i -
The altitude of the county seat Is 8400
feet and, the average rainfall Is about
IS Inches. Baker county's total area U
1,55.:00 acres, ot which but 141,428
acresj Is under cultivation r so there Is
plenty of opportunity for the extension
of farming. They are seeking aid to
develop an Irrigation district comprising
60,000 acres, which will bring untold
wealth to the district and ths state. No
one Can travel as I have throughout
Powder River valley Eagle valley and
the Snake river canyon, with its almost
tropical climate, without being impressed
with the wonderful possibilities of future
development for tl.e county. - '
In our history, and one begins to wonder
where do they all go' from there? Do
any of them ever ask for a Job? .
Olden Oregon
How an Early Traveler Was Shocked
When Served Horse Steak.
Describing life at the Whitman mis
ion, Farnhara wrote : "When the smok
ing vegetables, the hissing steak, bread
as white as snow and the newly Churned
fcuttsr graced the breakfast table and
the happy 'countenances of countrymen
and countrywomen shone around, I
could with difficulty believe myself in
a country so far from and so unlike my
native land In all Its features. But dar
ing breakfast ths pleasant illusion was
dispelled by one of ths causes which In
duced it. Our steak was horseflesh." -
durious' Bits of Information
Gleaned From Curious Tlaces
The Illusion of "phantom limbs'
borrow a felicitous expression from Dr.
S, Weir Mitchell far from being rare
or exceptional, Js almost universal among
persons who have undergone an ampu
tation. Among ! 90 cases, including a
great variety of amputations, Mitchell
found only: fotrr in - which there had
never been an Illusion of this kind. ' One
of the best. discussions of ; this matter
is that by ; Mitchell in his book, "In
juries of Nerves,' published in 1172. The
literature, however,' goes back to the
sixteenth century, when the phenomenon
was well described by Ambroise Fare,
ThVQrggon Country
North vest BPPentV-4n Brief rorm far the
, Bus fiend: , X .
--
OREGON NOTES
Mr. and Mrs. H. Raun celebrated their
diamond wedding at Eugene a few days
go. '.. -tj : :. - "
It Is estimated that 00.000 gallons of
apple juice will be shipped out of Med
ford this year.
The third annual Polk rmmtv mm'
show will be held in Independence No
vember ii and 2.
A warehouse at Oreron Ot-e- Keilnn.
Ing to H. K. Dimlck has been destroyed
by fire. The loss was $4 000.
Libby. McNeil & Co. are huvtne? in.
pies for canning at Hood. River at $13
a ton. The same quality brought 920
a ton and up last season.
A turnip weichlnir 1611 rmunfia. tha
largest ever grown in the ' state, is on
exhibition at Roseburg. It was grown on
tha farm of G. W. "Vaughn. 1 '
Edwin McKinney. who waji born in
Marion county 72 years ago, Is dead at
Salem. Mr, McKinney was one of the
best known residents of the county.
Bert Hall, aheen ! shearer, shot and
killed himself at CorvaUls, the result
of Jealously and following an expressed
determination to commit suicide.
In taking the ' school census, a Mrs.
Hardel of Glenbpook was found with
three pairs of twins fi years old and
under. Five of the six children are boys.
The first carload of apples has left
Salem for Sweden. Export shipments of
apples and late pears have also -commenced
to England Scotland ''and
Canada.
Linas G. Fuller, master. mechanic of
the Saddle Mounaaln Logging company,
dropped dead on the trail while return
ing from a trip to the summit of Saddle
mountain. i
The Silver Falls Timber comnanv at
Sllverton lias decided to put In a pulp
mill t6 crind un all their bv-nroduct suit
able for making wood pulp for the manu-
lacture or printing paper.
The Applegrowers' association at Hood
River already has received in excess of .
450,000- boxes of frult,.,jnd more than
200,000 boxes have been delivered to
other shipping concerns,
Attorney General Van Winkle has ap
proved the proceedings attendant upon -a
bond issue of 910,000 by the -municipality
of Turner. Marlon county. Ths
state will, purchase the bonds.
WASHINGTON
Osteopaths have purchased for 915.
000 four lots In Ysklma upon which they
will erect a hospital.
Branches of the " Washington Slate
Haygrowers' association are being formed
in Walla Walla county.
Twenty tons of apples were distributed
to the crowds along the route of the
"Apple day" parade at Seattle.
Harry Kopp, aged 45, was found dead
In his room in a T acorn a hotel. H,hii
died while kneeling by his bedside 'in -prayer.
-
A new Spokane valley bank Isto open
its doors at Greenacres within the next
few weeks with a paid up capital of 915,-.
000 and a paid up surplus of 91500.
The Wenatchee branch of the United
States labor office has closed for .the
season. During the 90 days of opera
tion 1878 persons were given employment,
While playing In a vacant lot at Ho
quiam.. two little girls stumbled upon,
the body of John Shay, 60 years old,
who probably had died from heart dis
ease. ! . '" ' a -
The Montesano Packing company an ,
nounces that the plant will close for the
year as-soon as five or six tons of cran
berries now on hand are" turned Into
jarrh ,
Two holdups in one week occurred st
the National Lumber company's camp
near Cedarville. In each between 9300
and $400 was' obtained by masked' ban
dits. - t. ':
Tfireevhop kilns- on! the Taklma. res-'
ervation were recently destroyed by fire
at a loss of 950,000. together with H. 8.
Bunch's crop from 80 acres, worth near
ly 920.000. - -
A Yakima man has found near the ice
plant War Savings Stamps and Thrift
Stamps amounting to 9215, which were
stolen in the Moxee state bank robbery
on October 6..
L. H. Darwin, state fish' commis
sioner. Invites the people of Grays Har
bor to go to the state hatcheries locat
ed near SatSop and get, free of cost, .
what spawned salmon they can use.
IDAHO
Delegates from .the various churcheaV
of the city 'have organized the Inter
church Athletic league of Boise.
All students of the University of
Idaho over 21 years of age were al
lowed to vote at Moscow on election
day., v" ) -
Interest In Boise' county Is centering
around the proposed removal of ths
county Beat from Idaho City to Horse
shoe Bend.- ' .
' William Foster and Rose Lay ton' are
under arrest at Glenn's Ferry charged
with blackmailing Tom Wllklns, ob
taining from him $1000 in cash, and
$008 mortgage on his property.
' The last of a 40.000 bushel sale of
wheat made by the Idaho and -Washington
Wheat Growers' association to Gal
veston exporters at a net price equal to
93 wheat in Chicago has been shipped
from Southern Idaho.- ij
Ujjcle Jeff Snow Says :
Them Cuban sugar profiteers a while'
back Jined hands with our own . pa
triotic sugar trust and cinched we, th
great American -people, like we was
mountain pack mules. Now they're
a-ketchin' the come-back and want
Uncle Sam to help 'em with a loan and
are willin' to sell us sugar at 10" cents.
Mebby they'll be willin' to sell it at 4
cents 'fore long, which'd give a right
likable profit, at that
Tabular Exhibit of Farms of
, Oregon Now and Ten and
'" Twenty Years Ago.
Tlie-census bureau has just report
ed the number of farms 1n Oregon
and shows thereby that the Increase
between 1300 and 1910 was nearly
twice as great as between 1910- and
1920, The table by counties follows:
(Vmnty. t2 . 100
SUti total... . SO.IM 4B.602 SS.flST
Raker .......... 1.60S 1,804 12
Benton.., 1.S20 1.09S M5'
ttlackamas 8.130 3.A44' 7.SM
rjatsop 44. 89 4 J8
Columbia ........ 991 - .SI 8 SOI
ton 1,17" 1.12S H8
trook S44 J.8S TS
t"urrr S3 S183 -90
J Iechtites ....... 7 S.I ,. r. .
ilXwieU.....-... 5.279 2.124 I,S4f-
Uilliam v. ......... 484 482 ,44t
(irsnt ........... -72S 778 97
Hsrney .......... " 443 848
II loud Hirer. ..... ' S7S 744 .....
tJtcktoa ........ 1.72a 1,714 1.85S
IJeffersoa ........ C?t. ..... . .. . .
tJoerhiM 727 855 887
KlsmaUt ......... 9i 92S 4S
I ........... 54 712 307
Usui .......... 8.279 2,ft:t 2,870
tineoia ......... 797 9t 4MD
mm 8.041 2.781 - 2.417
,Jalhenr .......... 1,822 SOI 3
tSinoB v....... I.DHl 9.4I)I .
Mnrmw .......... S SI 4 6S
IMalUtomah -1.8S9 ' 1.478 I.U7S
t-olk J.781 1,557 1,193
Rherrftan 461 481 Y 845
TiUamook ....ji, 797 " 881 831
TUmauUa 2,852 .005 1.518
trnton J.27S J SOS J.4M
f Wallowa 1.1 4 I.OS8 S3
'Wmw ......... 1.889 1.381 1,851
Washington ...... 8.090 1,871 2.802
Wheeler ......... 859 ' 387 890
TTamhiU 2.892 2.218 1.598
India reservation . . 468
'BoanAary lis ehanxtd between 1900 sod
1910,
1 Boundary line ensnced betweaa 1910 and
1920. i
;.Vew eonntj formed oetweea 1910 and
192". ;
- Srw roimtjr formed between 1900 and
19lt; boundary ebanird between 1010 in!
192. - - - .
1 Rntmdar chanced between 1900 aad
19IO; lo between 1910 sod 19:0;