4' . THE OREGON ' SUNDAY JOURNAL " PORTLAND,? SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER - 31, 1820. "Mail i ' MLmamJ AM IXDEPENDkUIT KEW8PAPEB C B. JACKSON PabUahar B calm. b confidant, b chMtfol and do unto etfim u you would hate them ido nnto yon.) FttblUhed every week day and Bandar nomine, at Tin Journal Building. Broadway and Yam - hiB tlntt, Portland, Oregon. ICotsrad at tba poatoffiee at Portland. Oregon, for traaimiaatoa through the mails aa second matter. TELEPHONES Main T1TI. Aotomatio 660-51. All department raacbed by theae nambera. NATIOMAL - ADVERTISING BEPBESENTA , TIVE Banlamin 4 Kmlnot Co.. Brunawtek . Hntldinc, 22ft Fifth erenua, Kew Tort; 900 nailer Building, t;niao. VACAiriC IXIAST HEPKE8ENTAT1VE W. B. Barangrr Co., Examiner llnlldinc, San Fran- . . ebeoj THI Innuranca Buildinc. Loa Angelea : rort-InUlligenyr Building. Battl. THE OUEGON JOURNAL reama tha right to j reject advertising copy wnien re aw i t actionable. It alw will not print any copy , : that in any way aimnlataa reading matter or I - tbat cannot readily Be racognnoa aa aaer i Using 1 SUBSCRIPTION HATES By Carrier, ftty and Country DAII.T AMD B LINDA I 0m week $ .IB One month f MONDAY One weak. . . .65 .OS DAILY One week t .10 On mrmlh 4ft UX MAIL. ALL RATE PATABLE IN ADVANCE DAILY AND SUNDAY One year 58.00 ttU monthe 4.25 DAILY (Without Sunday) One year 18.00 (tlx. month" , 8.23 Tnree month... 1.75 One month BO . . WKEKLY (Erery Wedneaday) Oia year.. $1.00 VI, mnnthe .50 Three monthl . .. . 12.25 One month 75 SUNDAY (Only) One year $3.00 nix months 1.75 Three montht. ... 1.00 WKEKLY AND SUNDAY One year 13.50 Tbeee rated apply only in tne wen. Ratee to Kaatern pointa turtiiahed on applica tion. Make remittance by Money Order. Eipreea Order or Draft. If your poatoffiee ia not a Money Order office, 1 or 2-eent atamna will be accepted. Make all remittanrea payable to Tba Journal, Portland. Oregon. The League of Nations ia the well consid ered effort of the whole group of nation who were oppoeed to Germany to eecure themielT-aa and the rest of mankind against a repetition of the war. Wood row Wilaou. IF TOUR SON IS CALLED ( : pvIVEST yourself of side Issues in -S the campaign. For a moment, ' forget the .trivialities and the mum J mery of the politicians. As a sov ' erelgn citizens of the republic do your ovsm thinking. You ought to do it for the sake of your family. Your chil dren will be on the earth a long i it i i m a n ft ar vaii or a ffnnA : jL ua.a,a j vr u evil"., There Is otic overwhelming predom- Inonl kcnn Ivan An r rv ..rat "" T f to IS A AA t LA V ICOIH VLl KJk UU )at. J If an issue of whether to go Into a iFjlan which the best thinkers of the : 5 1 world say will end war, and save your 6on from being called into future jjj battles and, doubtlese, from being laid , ii'away in future Flanders fields. J As a reasonable cttizen you will 'have some interest In what a news ' 55 paper that you have long read said ti about the plan to end war, at a time it when the Issue was discussed on its merits, unconfused by political clap jtrap. On September 28, 1919, the Oregonian said editorially: . -STOP TALKING AND RATIFY The prevailing; sentiment of the Arher ' ; lean people is expressed in the resolu Hons of a number of members of the faculty of the University of Oreijon calllna; upon the senate for speedy ratl JJ flcatlon of the treaty with Germany, .jj Regardless of the faults of the treaty the H resolutions speak undeniable truth in r J aaytng: r "That whether the treaty of peace with I Germany and the League of Nations 1 covenant are in all respects Ideal or not. M THEY CONSTITUTE THE BEST HOPE !, BOTH FOR AN IMMEDIATE! SETTLE li ME3NT OP NATIONAL, AND WORLD If AFFAIRS AND FOR THE PERMA ;J NENT RELIEF OF THE WORLD If FROM THE DANGER OF FUTURE J WARS." 1 The statesmen of the allied nations l! labored long: on the treaty and IF ALL ' ITS PRTTicci unrnii! to ptit THirin j HEADS TOGETHER, THEY COULD i NOT DRAW A BETTER, NOR IS THE ! WORLD WILLING TO WAIT WHILE THEY MAKE THE ATTEMPT. The league covenant contains provisions for t aits own amendment and for withdrawal of anv nation if it rinea not work tn tha j aaUaf action of that nation. The league t win d me means ot correcting; any ln- " Justices In the terms dictated to Ger i. many. Then the choice now Is between immediate amendment, further delaying; f peace, and Immediate peace WITH FULL OPPORTUNITY FOR SUBSEQUENT AMENDMENT. , THIS-IS NO QUESTION BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND SENATE, OR BE TWEEN REPUBLICANS AND DEMO CRATS ; it is a question for tha united action of the American nation In con junction with other nations to settle re lations with Germady and to form a league for preservation of peace with Justice. It Is a question of ending; the suspense in which the world Is held, and which Is already frittering; away the fruits of victory The vord should go out from the peo ple to the senate to stop talking; and ratify. If reservations which would not delay actual peace are needed 'to quiet the qualms of some senators, make them, but ratify, for WHILE THE SENATE DELAYS NEW WARS BREW. . You know the above was a candid 4 : sincere statement by the Oregonian iWou kuov that there is no guile, no Intent to deceive, in that article. You . J know, or should know, If you have t read the league covenant, that what fA. f A A I a . a uie uregonian saia is me truin ft' YouJmow Ahat Mr. Harding's elec J tion would mean no league. You 1 know that. Governor ' Cox' election would mean a permanent and sue cessful league. I ' Knowing this, what will be your e "state of mind, how will you face your eon, if you vote for Harding and that son Is later tailed to put on a unl- i form and go to war? "": Certain people have passed the 5 word around that the , city council X has authority to levy the three :f!. THE GREAT By Henry Van Dyke, Author and Economist (Mr. Van Dyke was ambassador to The Netherlands when the war broke out In . isia mwuf u'thi conflict a.t close raJtare.) THIS is not an ordinary election. On one point, the main point, the plain point, the two candidates differ absolutely. Governor Cox frankly favor going Into the League of Nations, with such action as will make it clear mat the obligations assumed by the United States do not Involve abdication of sovereignty or change In the constitution. Senator Harding, after many doubt ful utterances, says forthright: "I.do not want to clarify these obligations I want to turn my back on them. It is not Interpretation but rejection that I am seeking." Surely this is plain enough. Why muddle the issuewlth far fetched explanations? Cox Is for the has a right to do. Harding is against tions. The question for you is Blmply vote to count? Go straight to the facts. Read the covenant of the league carefully. Inquire what the league is, how it came Into being, what It is now doing, what advantages it offers tcf us and to It represents the cause of a secure peace for which the allies fought In the war, and for the sake of which the United States Joined them. On this point note what Theodore Roosevelt wrote in 1915, in favor of such a league with power in It: The nations should agree on certain oh a. trrrtttirtat. ivtwjbity. their number in the possession of these rights. It will mean that at last a lens; stride has been taken In the efforts to nut the collective strength of civil iced mankind behind the collective purpose of mankind to secure the peace of righteousness, the peace of Justice, among tne nations or tne eario. It is not truthful to speak of "President Wilson's league," though he rightly had a hand In making the plan ing and shaping It General Smuts, Lord the leading statesmen and Jurists of the as Ex-President Taft, Mr. Oscar Straus, gestions and amendments, three-fourths of which were followed In the final draft of the covenant The result was so satisfactory that Tl men of the highest standing in the Republican party in New York sent a memorial, in June. 1019, to the senate. Baying: The undersigned urge that the treaty containing the peace covenant be promptly ratified by the senate without attempting to embarrass It by amendment, thus delaying the conclusion of peace and the establishment of a great agency for its tuture preservation. ' If you read the covenant you will "super-state," nor anything like it. It war, to maintain armies or navies, or is not an International government, simply a limited partnership of free nauons, who agree, for the sake of peace to do two things, one negative, the other positive. First, they promise not to make war without a previous submission of their case to arbitration or conciliation. Second, they agree to suspend diplomatic and economic relations w!th any nation that breaks this pledge If this should fall (which is highly improbable) further action may be recommended ONLY BY THE UNANIMOUS VOTE of the council, and the recommendation can have no force unless the various nations approve and adopt it according to their own constitutions. That gives a DOUBLE VETO power to every nation In the council. Who ever heard of a super-sovereignty like that? What about Article X? Is it not dangerous and likely to lead to war? Read it. It is no more dangerous than a steel cable is to aa elevator. It no more leads to war than a fire extinguisher promotes fire. It does not deny the rights of revolution. It only condemns. EXTERNAL AGGRESSION. As Mr. Taft has said, it Is an application o the principle of the Monroe Doctrine to the world. Has the Monroe Doctrine promoted war or prevented it? Article X does not say that all national boundaries are forever fixed and unchange able. It says only that the way to change them is not by wars of conquest Arbitration is the way, and for that the covenant makes provision. But what about Great Britain having six votes in the league to America's one? Nothing, except the trifling circumstance that it is Lot true. In the council, which is the body of action, Britain has one vote and the United States has one vote, and both have the power of veto by refusing to make an r.ction unanimous. In the assembly a mere deliberative body Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and India are members. But so are Panama, Haiti, Cuba, Salvador and Guatemala; In fact, there are already 42 members, and 15 applicants for membership. The only countries of consider able "size which are out are Mexico, Turkey, Soviet Russia and the United States. Rather poor company, don't you think so? The league has the explicit power to amend its own covenant. Every member has the definite right of withdrawal. It is not a trap, nor a prison. It is a voluntary and hopeful experiment in the way of peace. "The very intent and structure of . the league," sak' Mr. Hoover, "is to prevent war." But does not Senator Harding say tor Johnson rejoice that it is "scrapped?" Yes, they say so, but their saying is curiously contrary to the facts. The league has already taken measures to avert two threatened wars by arbitrating the boundary disputes between Sweden and Finland, Poland and Lithuania. It has arranged for the publica tion of all treaties in order to avoid general survey of armaments, in order to submit plans for their gradual re duction. It has brought together conferences of experts to study the problems of labor and finance. It is successfully administering the Saar Valley and the port of Danzig under the treaty And it has succeeded in doing what the United States has wanted for years, formulating, hrough a commission of which Senator Root was a member, an acceptable plan for a permanent court of international justice. Does this look like the work of a "moribund" body? Who can say how much more it could do if the United States were a member? But why not take this new court and do it. The court is the creation of the The United States can have nothing to say about the appointment of the court except as a member of the league. Well, then, why not give up this son and Borah dislike it so much, and take up the idea of an "association," or whatever-you-may-call-it, which Senator Harding says he had in his back yard at Marion? Because, like the dog in the fablel you will be dropping a real bone to grab at a shadow. Mr. The only practicable method of framing and securing an association to mlnl- ml ix war - - ties in Duuaing on of Nations. Mr. Taft writes in the Yale Review: Can we Suppose that the thirtv or mora nutlnne will rnnunt tn ahanAnn tVi league, and begin de novo the formation No, that would be a supposition placency. We need the league as much as the league needs us. We may go in with a definite statement of our understanding of its obligations. We may amend it after we get in. But to stay (2) to increase our armaments, with uncertainty of finance and the disturbance of trade, (4) to prolong the un rest of the world, and (5) to leave the war into which we shall be drawn as If you want your vote to count be a world-friend as well as a world Nations is the best foundation to build among the nations, then your course going in. tax voted last year whether it is re authorized this year or not. Eleven mills will not be levied unless 11 mills is voted by the people. . The council so pledged itself last year. The argument of the opponents of the League of Nations are not basedon facts but merely Intended to fool the voters just as the argu ments of a shrewd lawyer are in tended to bemuddle the Jury. HE IS EVASIVE A purported denial of his close business association with Swift A Co., Candidate Stanfleld says. "I am not a partner in Swift A Co. or any of its subordinate establishments." This is not an explanation but an evasion. It is not a denial but a quibble. Nobody said Mr. Stanfleld was a "partner" of Swift & Co. Swift" A Co. are not passing out "partnerships' so promiscuously as that fjiey have too good a thing. Everybody knew with out his denying it that Mr. Stanfleld is not a "partner" in the mighty swiri a. Co., member of the Bis Five packers, masters of the meat packing industry of America if not of the world, and more powerful on the floor of congress than the aitolnJstrative DECISION league, interpreted as the United btates the league, with or without Interpreta this Which way do you want your the world. rlfhta which should not be questioned, e e e ah should miarantee each of for It. But others had a hand In draft Robert Cecil, Clemenceau, many of world. Eminent Republicans, such Mr. Root and Mr. Hughes made ug . 6ee at once that the league is not a has no power to levy taxes, to declare to compel action by its members. It for it has no governing powers. It is or acts contrary to this principle that it is already "moribund," and Sena secret diplomacy. It has begun a let the league go? Because you can't league and dependent on it for cower. particular league, since Senators John Hoover said on September 18, 1920 : tne foundation or tne existing Leag-ue of something else. inflated with the flatulency of self-com out means (1) to forsake our friends, corresponding taxes, (3) to continue the gates unguarded against another general inevitably as we were in 1917. for peace, if you think America should power. If you think the League of on for order, tranquillity and justice is clear. Vote for the man who favors department of the United States gov ernment Itself. The vital thing in his connection with Swift & Co. Mr. Stanfleld does not deny. He cannot deny it. He cannot deny that Swift A Co. are his friends and that he is the friend of Swift & Co. He cannot deny that he and the Swifts have had the most in timate business ' relations in Oregon for years. He cannot deny that the close con nection between him and Swift A Co has long been common knowledge kamong stockmen throughout Eastern Oregon. . He cannot deny that Swift A Co are bitterly opposing Chamberlain and quietly but effectively supporting Mr Stanfleld. - He does not deny that when Swift A Co. attempted to teh Senator Cham berlain how to vote on the Kenyon bill for regulating the packing Indus try. Senator Chamberlain replied pub licly, rebuking them, or deny that the Chamberlain rebuke Is one of the Swift & Co. motives for desiring the defeat of Senator Chamberlain in the election of Mr., Stanfleld. He does not deny that Swift A Co, and the other BUT Five packers now control congress and that they want to; increase that control in order to resist, such "measures .as the Kenyon bUL ' -" , , He doo -not deny that every stock- mart in Oregon and every farmer in Oregon is a sufferer because of the power of the Big Five packerj to, fix priees , to producers and that every consumer suffers likewise from the power of the Big Five packers to fix prices to consumers; Mr. Stanfield's explanation is neither a denial nor an explanation. It is an evasion. t Why not elect. Swift & Co. to the senate from Oregon? The zoning ordinance has the sup port of prominent and thoughtful men who have' large property inter ests at stake. It has the support of the city planning commission Many important cities have zoning; ordinances and find that enforce ment of the measures protects prop erty and guides municipal growth. Portland should have a zoning ordi nance. The zoning ordinance on the municipal ballot for next Tuesday's election should be adopted. NOT ONE H AS there been one to attack the record of Governor Cox as gover nor of Ohio during this campaign? Have yoL heard one word in criticism of his administration of the affairs of the state of Ohio? The measure on -the ballot to re authorize the three-mill tax levy for the city of Portland has been in dorsed by the Central Labor coun cil, the legislative committee of the Chamber of Commerce, 20 ministers. the Portland Clearing House asso ciation, and the presidents' council of Portland civic clubs. Those bodies say Portland cannot afford to go back to the 1914 status. They say city service cannot be cut ono third, as it would be in case the tax were refused. DO YOU? SMALL bore politicians tell you that you "want a change." Do you? Have you seen a "tramp" during the past four years? What has become of the 100,000 "Weary Willies" of 1913? Is there anyone you know looking for a 12-a-day job? Where are the 1,000,000 idle men of Republican times? Are your poorhouses and jails filled with paupers ? , - Where are the "bread lines" we.fsaw pictured in the newspapers?"' Does anybody want to abolish the eight-hour working day? How much did you receive for 12 hours of labor in 1912? Has property depreciated under the Wilson administration . " How does the price of farm property compare in 1920 with 1912? Where are those farm mortgages or those "good old days"? What are stock, grain and cotton worth, compared with 1912? How many automobiles have"been bought during the last seven years? How many people do you know who. bought phonographs In .1912? Did the average family of 1912 In dulge in the luxuries of today? In spite of H. C. of L., are you not more prosperous xnan seven years ago? What has increased bank deposits over $17,000,000,000 in seven years? What has quadrupled exports from two to eight billion dollars? Has any merchant you linow gone into bankruptcy in the -last seven years ? Have you heard of a panic since the "Black Friday" of 1907? Who paid the $15,000,000,000 that panic cost this country? Have you forgotten the men who brought on that panic? Would you like to have tnem con trol our finances again? Do ydu want to scrap the panic- proof federal reserve banking sys tern? Do you want to deprive our farmers of the farm loan system? Do you want to abolish the postal savings bank? Do you want to repeal the Wilson parcel post system? Do you want to return to the hor rors of child labor in factories? Do you want to repeal the corrupt practice law of vote buying? Don't you think we ought to do our own thinking this .year? e Just as the constitution of the United States grew out of the prac tical experience of the American people with the problems of gov ernment during the Revolution and under the confederation, so this cov enant gr.w out of the situation that plunged the worll into war. It is the attempt of men who had per sonal experience of that situation to prevent its recurrence. .FOR PORTLAND IF THE three-mill tax measure is de feated the eity council will be com pelled to conduct municipal service in 1921 with a sum $1,900,000 less than that at their disposal this year. It would mean a 30 per cent reduction in every department, in every service, and In every activity of. municipal government. . It would mean that the eity council could buy less with the funds at hand than they, could in 1914. It would mean thaj the park sites recently "purchased could, not be de veloped. It would mean, one third of the parks closed. ,, 'r ,'. r . , . It would mean .the . police'- depart- ment would be cut "to 70 per cent of its. 'present personnel. - It would mean the fire department would be cut to 70 per cent of its present personnel. It would mean that 30 per cent of the arc lights must be eliminated. It would mean tnat paving mainte nance must be cut to 70 per cent of the present operations. Portland Is already the least taxed city, per capita, of its .size on the Pa cific coast The three-mill levy is a measure in the interest of the city of Portland. It has been indorsed by the Central Labor council, the legis lative committee of the Chamber of Commerce, the Portland Clearing House association, 20 ministers and the presidents' council of the civic clubs. It is a measure for Portland that Rortlanders should pass. SENATOR PIERCE OREGON has had no better legis lator than Senator Walter Pierce. He is able, and he has stood squarely with those whom he was chosen to represent. Th6 biggest constructive measure for farming communitic: is the market road law, and it is a Pierce measure A farmer himself. Senator Pierce kept in mind the interests and welfare of the farmers when he served at Salem. The soldiers' educational law Is a Pierce measure. Four thousand ex service men are benefiting from it It is a great measure in the gratitude of those who served and sacrificed.. Senator Pierce invariably stands against the Jobs and schemes that politicians are always trying to slip through the legislative body. A big taxpayer himself, he is safe and sound to the core on all matters of taxa tion. He is a candidate for re-elec tion in Uniou and Wallowa, and, be cause of the true and tried service he has rendered, he ought to be elected. MRS. CATT LAUDS THE LEAGUE Noted Worker for Establishing the Rights of Women and the Rights of Humanity in General, Declares Entrance Is Imperative. From tha Woman Citixea, I am a firm believer in the League of Nations. When the covenant came from the peace commission I confess to disappointment over some of fts pro visions, but I, having had considerable experience in efforts to get many minds, including those of differing races and rationalities, to come to agreement, un- aereuoa Detter man many tnat no covenant .can be made quite satisfactory to any one. person or nation, since its composition, rrivat come by compromise of many, different views. To me it was a wonderful achievement that any sort of League of "Nations eventuated from the war. I believe In the league ? Because war is an 'atrocity which should be eliminated from a world calling itself civilized. 2: Because men are too bel ligerent to make an end of war without the aid of some abolishing agency. 3. Because an proposals ever offered for the avoidance of war have been tried and have failed except one-a League of Nations; therefore, let it be tried. 4. . Because the covenant of the league proposes a" union of all the world for the definite purpose of making an end of war. 6. Because It provides for the substitution tof "arbitration for the kill ing of men aa a more civilised method for settling "International differences. 6. Because it provides for an interna tional court which may Interpret Inter national law and to which International questions, may be referred. 7. Because it provides for the reduction of armies and navies to the smallest force neces sary for the maintenance of national safety. S. Because it provides for the abolition of compulsory military train ing. 9. Because it provides for an eco nomic, boycott to bring:! recalcitrant na tions to terms, with force used only as the last resort. 10. Because it provides for the abolition of secret treaties, which have been one potent cause of war. 11. Because it imposes an obstacle against the spread of Imperialism, or grabbing territory of rival nations, as Germany and Austria stole Schleswlg- Holsteln from Denmark, and England seized portions of South Africa from the Dutch, and thus removes the chief cause for wars of aggression. 12, Because It provides for the protection of small na tions never before able to maintain their Independence. 13. Because it offers pro tection to such unhappy peoples as the Armenians, whose tragic sufferings- for generations at the hand of the brutal Turk have wrung the heart of the world ; yet the entire civilised world declared itself powerless to interfere. 14. Because it makes such appeals aa that of the Irish a world responsibUlty and brings all the sentiment In all na tions favorable to a new order to bear on the problem. Objections to the league hare seemed to me either groundless fears, or capable of fairly easy correction. Our constltu lion Is the supreme law of this land, and nothing but a new constitution, pre sented by a federal constitutional con vention, duly called and properly ratified by all the states, can supersede it- To say that a president and senate by any compact made can subvert the consti tution Is tha veriest rubbish. The presi dent derives all his power from the constitution, and he can get none from any other source unless congress gives him emergency powers, as it did during the war. The president can never declare war nor order war because the League of Nations calls upon him to do so; congress alone (both houses) has that right. The League of Nations is designated as an equal partnership among the na tions of the world for the sole purpose of ending war. The United States win yield no more than 4S other nations have already yielded when becoming a member, and If any nation believes It is giving too high a price for the benefit It receives, the covenant provides that It may withdraw after two years' notice. I believe this article (Article X) not only to be ithout danger to the wel fare of any nation, but the backbone of the whole covenant, and tha fears awakened by It constitute, to my mind, a manufactured; case. In view of the fact that a nation violating the covenant by threatening Invasion of another country would arouse world-wide con demnation and be visited by a world wide economic boycott before force would be applied, that article is worth leaving tn the covenant until its opera tion has been .tested. To take it out removes a strong demand for united action which would make the ambitious THE CRISIS By H. Wellesley Fletctier HALT I ere you break the solemn, sacred trust And by one mighty stroke or thoughtless thrust Dispel the gleam of hope for Brotherhood; For now you stand where faithless Judas stood. When Christ expounded brother love to Man, He stood alone; and from that day began A better world. Yet now there springs anew That same lppeal this time direct to you. Americai the day, the hour has come, Unheralded by trumpet or by dram. Speakl And by your word announce the eve Of war's demise humanity's reprieve. Alone you stand, enriched by strife and pain; The very blood you shed has been your gain 1 You stand aloft, supreme, the greatest power. Would you deny the World he'r promised dower? The sword of Fate hangs by a slender thread Above the whole World's unprotected "head; -Your vote the thread, your word the threat'nlng sword Let not your act be evermore deplored. And if your heart's untouched by others' pain. Beware, lest by your act your son Is slain! Think well. The time is short. You stand before The League of Nations or another war! MORE OR LESS PERSONAL Random Observations About Town Henry B. Qrandall, Insurance man of Dallas, Or., arrived and registered Sat urday at the Imperial. Politics has Dallas in Its' grip, he declared, and business is suspended until after Tues day's results are known. - a There will be a decrease, even if slight, in plows and farming Implements within the next 90 days." believes C. M. Kessler. plow manufacturer of Moline, 111., who registered Saturday at the Multnomah hotel. He is In Portland on a business trip. "Half the population of our city Is engaged in the manufac ture of plows." he declared. "Along with the general trend that seems in evitable, plows and farming implements must drop." Henry F. Mcintosh, railroad con tractor of Seattle, arrived at the Benson hotel Saturday. He Is returning from the East. John B. Rohrback, a' bond broker of San Francisco, is at the Portland. He is here to purchase a block of Portland's THE COMING By Anhe Shannon Monroe. Senator Harding says we must "pro tect maternity": then his platform re fuses to indorse the proposed federal maternity bill, the only measure up .for protecting maternity. He says little ' children should be shielded ; he then opposes a mandate for Armenia, which would save tnou sands of Innocent little lives, on lhe ground that "we have no property in terests there. He advocates the "common welfare." but considered, SI wheat good enough for the "common farmer. He advocates "pubHa health." and voted- to put the American saloon in the Philippines. He says. "I have sympathy for Ire land." and fights the League or iations, which provides for a court where Ire land's problems could te met wunoui passion, saving thousands of fine Irish Uvea He Is for intervention In Mexico, De- cause we have property there. He foueht Governor Cox in unio, claiming It was '"socialistic" to give the state a new consUtutlon and new laws that would put It in the foreiront or well organized and well governed com monwealths. When Colonel Roosevelt was alive and trying to clean up his party, Senator . . i 11-.., i,u "HltmkeriiarH" and xLU.ru ins cancu mm m a. "skunk." Now Colonel Roosevelt Is dead and helpless. Harding says he was a great man. Which sentiment Despeaas the true Harding 7 wnicn uung uoes he really believe? Tsdar he defiles the great president or rather, himself by his foolish, un enlightened utterances. Will he be quot ing him when trie great presiaent. is safely In his grave, trying to give the Impression that he was wun nis grwi nps? Who today admits having an ancestor who was In that mad-dog fight that tore at the vitals of the great Lin coln? Who tomorrow will admit having been a party to the mad-dog fight waged; by vlsionless politicians of today against a greater even than Lincoln? Who of all this mess or vitriolic venom uiai has been going about done up In human little ratty bodies, poisoning every at mosphere it breathesi who of all this poisonous mess but will turn tall and slink off into hiding tomorrow, when the battle Is over, when the vuiion is leaders of any government hesitate be- j fore challenging the enure world to war. a a The vote of the council of the league to make war must be unanimous, and the member from the United States could therefore veto It If Instructions from congress should so request him. In that case there would oe no war. The league is no longer a proposal : It is a going concern. a I At the threshold of this world cove nant, formed to carry out the noblest aim conceivable by man, our republic. the only eligible nation ouia u agreement, stands if raid. The United States stood by splendidly until the fighting was over. It fulfilled every obligation and answered every calL Then suddenly it seemed to lose that fine national morale. Without a warn ing this amaslng standard was raised: "Safety for America First; Safety for the World Second." As a nation, we withdrew from our place of leadership In the world, and put ourselves In the position of refusing to cooperate with other nations to, end war. 4 These are the facts. Surely we should ratify. The 'responsibility of taking ef fectivo action now is far more impera tive than any call upon us during the war. DR. ESTHER POHL LOVEJOT rrcaa tba Woman CUtaao" Well known to many suffragists throughout the country is Dr., Esther Pohl -Lovejoy, who has been nominated for congress from Oregon. A pioneer Westerner. Dr. Lovejoy is pictured by one of ber newspaper biographers, Ar thur L. Crookham. as follows: "An adventurous tomboylsh girlhood, when she led her companions in felling a giant cedar and hollowing a 'dugout,' was succeeded by a struggle for an education, dropping out of medical school at the University of Oregon to sell blouses tn a department store. Then she hung out her shingle, married Dr. Emit Pohl and with him Joined the gold rasa to Alaska. "In the late '90s Alaska was no sum mer resort, and a trip over Chl$oot Pass, municipal bonds for his house in the South. C. B. McDanlel. prominent business man of Houston. Texas, is at the Mult poms h. He arrived Saturday. .Mr. Mo Danlel brings word, that George W. Dixon, former newspaper man of Port land, who edited the Pacific Hotel News, is now convention manager of the Houston Chamber of Commerce and Is doing much- to build that city. H. B. Ludlow, a fanner of Wallowa county, registered yesterday at the Imperial hotel. 'The rains destroyed nearly ha.f the crops of Wallowa and Union counties," b. declared. "The early wetness this year was bad, but we all feel that we can make up for It later." . , ' . " B. F. Itintselman of Ketchikan and Mr. and Mrs. P. A- Grimes of Manila Alaska and the tropics entered the dpors of the Multnomah hotel yesterday at an Identical moment- Portland is the first stop of the three tourists since leaving on their respective Journeys. MANDATE clear and all America, freed of the smoke screen of hatred and Jealousy, reads that name, justified by a Cox vic tory that name written in Immortal letters of pure light, the name of Wood row Wilson, man of vision, man of heart, man of action the greatest of all Americans. For our .former martyr presidents gave their lives as the result of domestic embroilments ; the great Wilson gives his in a vaster cause, hu manity's and the whole wide world's. Grandchildren of these poison-bags about today under the name of party politicians, emitting their deadly hate vapors, will never say proudly. "My grandfather fought the great Wilson and. helped to put him in his grave." These grandfathers wtii become unmen tionables. And these grandchildren will be Inheritors of the good of Wilson's having lived and died for us, equally with the chMdren of patriots. This is as It Bhonfa be ; little children must not be made to suffer the stigma. In my reportorial "listening-in" ca pacity yesterday, I heard a Republican Oregonian explaining the local situation to a group of outsiders. He said : "Yes, Oregon is hopelessly Republican, but. damn 'em, they won't vote the ttcket !" Lord love 'em. they won't ! They won't vote the country out of the control ot far-seeing vision, of plan for a future of constructive, progressive legislation that is gradually giving all men equal opportunity in fact. They won't vote it into the control of the moulding hands of our recent enemy, the Hun, and of the newly arrived and unasslmTlated foreigners the only voters to whom Hardincr makes a true appeal. They njay be Republicans, but they are Amer icans first, and they will punish their party, grand with traditions of great ness, for stooping so low. They have white souls, not white livers ; they are peculiarly lacking In the yellow streak a a a The straw vote, the placing of bets. the wild speculations on returns these are the work of straw men. stable as straw in a whirlwind. While the Re publican party manipulators have been busy with such chaff, the true Amer icans have beenthlnklng. praying, liv in and looking ahead seriously. They will rive their. answer on Tuesday, and it will be In the nature of a command : "The Huns shall bot pass!" driving dog teams and mushing through wearisome miles of snow-swathed trails. is all that Rex Beach pictures It. At Skagway She and her husband found a meningitis epidemic, which they attacked courageously, commandeeringthe largest dance hall and gambling dive for a hos pltal. "After the death of her husband on their return to Portland she was ap pointed to the staff of the city health board, made good, and at the unanimous request of the health commission was made chief of the city health depart ment Directing a sanitary clean-up of the city, writing the city's first pure milk ordinance and wiping out a threat' ened bubonic epidemic by a rat-killing campaign along the water front and leading In. the fight for the adoption of woman suffrage, in 1912 these occu pled her fullest attention. Then she married George A. Lovejoy." Dr. Lovejoy went overseas with the Red Or ass, returning with the honorary rank of lieutenant. Her hospital work abroad led to her election as president of the International Association of Medl cal Womn. . BORROWING TROUBLE from U OuUook . What would happen if the women voted and then the supreme eourt de clared that the amendment was invalid? Quizzing the Sphinx O. C. R. in Hartford Post Warm Gamaliel, what of tha Leacna? Tosr moarofnl chattar prodaeaa fatlma. Take s vaeatioa and atop now and then mjnrlf nwrtraa troaa Artie I X. Start oat afraafc on a diffarant tar; Maybe yos'll neat ronrsaU on tha war back. Vihj not 'latest a baah laane of your ewa or two. Km if. doing air, yon pull a boas or two. Inrltins Prearia is. Bolanarik Knaaia In, , Turkey and Mexico . thcyll lead it tone or two. If you get tired of all tbi intrtrtM, Try rcaarrectlnc tba radaral leaf. Toa'r sauln tfala asaia. Actios Ska Ptaaagan. Off asain. oa scats, out ec&in, la again, Now the aatut . ..- -!' Kline Koot - " .". Has a sew aatf-atartTag league aDbatitats. WanM OajBaMaL Aam't fa ao . " Back The Haras eowt," or etas straight Hals .The Oregon Country KorUivaat Happening tn Britf Form lot tha Bttaf Reader . - OREGON NOTES The btar mill of tha Alnait Itlvrr T .um ber company at Glenbrook will begin shipping lumber next week, - Burglars" entered the store of 3. W. Merritt at Gold Hill and escaped with S600 worth of shoes and furuisluug , goods. The Coast Range Lumber company's mill near Eugene has reoponed after a layoff or a month. Nearly 2UU men are employed. . The Issuance of S7000 In bonds bv the city of Koseburg to purchase an avia tion field has been blocked by a roier- endum petition. . A dental clinic has been opened in the Astoria public schools, the iIuiUhu al ternating to give time in examining the teeth of school children. . In less than 10 months of this year. I Salem's building record showed an In crease oi more man auu iht cent wnn compared with figures fur the entire year of 1919, Harney county has under construction one of the largest irrigation projects ever undertaken, which, when i-ompu'tcd, will have placed 240.000 acres under a system of irrigation. The Oregon Growers' Cooiierative as sociation announces that it has enough prune orders on hand to ket-i its plants in operation at full capacity until the latter part of November. The Oregon Cooperative Growers' as sociation announces that Hn books dln close a balance of $203.4ti9.K7. practically all of which represents mt'lpta from fresh fruits sold during the last few weeks. Because of a general complaint that his conduct was Improper about the school, Virgil Egbert, director of .ith letics In the Salem high scMol, hnx re ceived notice that his service are no longer wanted. An Astoria Chinaman s taken sick In the depot waiting room h few days ago, and whet most sertoualy ill was examined by. officers, who found a roll of greenbacks upon his perxon totaling more than $5000. WASHINGTON The new Union State bank at Odnna opened for business this week. Frank Smith and Gust Nelson were killed when a Great Northern train run into a handcar carrying a section crew near Spokane. The Royal Developing company ha begun thei developing of the mining claims oh Red Mountain, north of Leavenworth. -The Great Northern rnilroad Is sur veying a tunnel through the Cascade which would probably he 25 miles from east o west portals if bored. The Spokane Falls Gas Light com pany has asked the public service com mission to grant an Increase in gaa rates approximating 47 per cent. One thousand acres of grain are still standing unharvesled in the Pullman vi cinity, harvesting operations being held up on account of incleitrent weather. Commander O. L. Moyes of the.tjalva tlon Army was fatally Mnjured in T coma when the automobile tn which he . . . 1 1 1 .i . ntta iiuiii cuiliueo wiui a iirvci ;.! . Edward Stephens, a Spokane aervlcs man who died overseas, was- the first service man to be burled in the new American Legion cemetery at Spokane. George Fisher, aged 34, was instantly killed at Spokane when an iron pipe which he was carrying over hlg shoulder came In contact with a high tension wire. One hundred additional refrigerator cars for use on the Northern Pacific In moving fruit from tne Spokane terri tory were received in Spokane this week. The Standard Oil company will ttart drilling its second well In the Grays Harbor field before December 13. The new well will be sunk at I'ttclflc Beach. James Fannon, who wbm convicted of grand larceny at I'roHaer In December, 1818, and who hnn been ii fugitive since, was . captured this week nl McArlliur, Idaho. Adolph li. Mxtzen of Tucoma. aged 31, accused of writing letlerH threatening death to several prominent families in Tacoma, Is under arrest by federu"V au thorities. The city council of Aberdeen has added several thousand dollars to the reward offered for the apprehension of the person who killed Police Officer Ka lisky two weeks ago. . IDAHO Fifteen Inches of snow has fallen at Atlanta. For the first time since last June there Is not a home in MoscJw quar antined with smallpox:.. The Clearwater Ranch , company lot 250 sheep at Uenexee when Uno were turned Into a stubble field and foun dered on wheat. ; Senator Nugent has received word from Washington that the president has no power to place embargo on the Im portation of Canadian wheat. The Odd Fellows' lodge of IewlFton has received word that an annual grand campment for Idaho will be held in that city in OoCBber, 1921. Oliver Kudder, a 15-yean-old youth, was shot and killed while working near Sandpolnt. It is not known 'whether his death was by SUlclde or accident. D. Redding, his wife, and Miss Cross and Miss Hoban were seriously Injured when an automobile In which they were riding plunged 200 feet down an em bankment at Wallace. Uncle Jeff Snow Says: The skeers folks tries to throw Into us when some nlshatlve measure don't suit 'em most ginerly alius turns out to be somewhat piled up and over-shook at us if the measure passes, and then agin, on the average, a good many of 'em don't pass. What a lot of good money was wasted a few year ago tryln' to skser the Oregon folks over the lia bility law that carried ever county and made the mill folks and others git the compensation lasv. All our little farms was to be confiscated by our hired men fall In' on pitchforks. Ma has framed a skeer throwed at ua by some awful re spectable anti-women suffrage folks In the state pamphlet in 1912- And the way them there llcker deslers did skeer. us over hops when the prohl measures was up! Statement of Receipts and of Certain Expenditures of Portland for 1920. In the financial administration of Portland certain funds must We maintained. The total of such fixed charges for this year is 1610,536.49. The amounts are shown as follows : Amount rmlard by Uution lor tba pajraMDt of tateraat ui feneral bond for tha year ending Xot. Jo, 1920 1423.S19.63 Sinking fond for Die ratesio- tion of taneial bond for tha year eodiiig Mot. SO, l'j2V. 13S,SSfl.6 FVeme a raUaf and piion food for the relief of sick or ' eeneaaed firemen and their widow and children for tJia yaar-anding Wo. SO, 120. Sl.33S.14 FMhwaaaa'a ratief and pens) no fond, raiatd by taxation tor -. th suae rmrprxe aa the flra- mb)' relief fund, for tha .rear attains Not. SO, 4920. 31.S39.14 Total .'. . 36ie.k3.49 The estimated receipts of the city on account of the general fund for the year' ending November 10, 1921, Is as follows : Bight nulla ekartar UsuUUoo. .2.4.oe Three aulk. apacial M T.Zjte Mtaoallanooisl taeaipta : ' 'T ' - . " - 13.713.230 The total expense for the city daring " next year Is estimated at 4.7.40S i. ,063.43l for personal service and "L02Z,". is obvious that with the adoption of the I-mtU tax .."'on the Tuesday ballot : radical pruning; will stlU be necessary. r .