Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 6, 1920)
THE OREGON DAIL.Y JOURNAL, PORTLAND., OREGON.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER C,
' - a! W DEPKNtlBNT WCwSPArgB
IBeealm, be confident, be b?f,1jA,!f-lr?
nt jeOiert a y wosld bate them do nV,yoCj
t The Jaunwl Bnlldms. Broadway end Tea
hill Mmt, Portland. Oreeon. :
Entered t poetotfice at Portia od. OteEea.
rrKIJ:rHONEa Main T171. AatemetJe
All dntRBOU bkh w -
1 . VOKBIOM ADVKHTI81.VO KPB"aAj"VB
; " Jteniamla Kentnor Co., Bran.ick BuiMing.
324 Fifth km. New ion;
.,' Building. Chicago.
'''"'THE OREOON JOUBAL reaerTes the rtfbt to
ue arinrtlsine coot which It dense -
)etlenable. It also will not print any copy
4t l m wr .iraaUUe rwdlnj matter or
: ,',, uwt esanac nwuijr oe raw.. -
I ., "M-'.-j-1','- tlrtns. j- ..
i SUBHCniPTIO.V RATES
i 1 ' : By Carrier. City tnd Country
i 1AILT A NO SUNDAY
?.. Mk t .15 10m month..,
1 DAILY. I SWDil
:'fhe week t .10 I One week .. .05
iflne month. .... .46
,BT MAIL, ALL RATKS PATABI.E IS ADVANCE
DAI1.T A!U Bunui
.. CSe,ear. . . .
J v 4 Bis :. saonthe, .
TS. months. . .12.20
Una month 7 8
On. year.. fJ OO
fllx month 1.75
Tore rnofUb. . . 1-00
One nr 850
' Without Sunday)
-fTl ytaf . 'J
fhia ytaf ;.$ooo
His month. .... b.'o
fThree months... 1.75
Clu nth HO
r , WEKKI.T
On. - i n
' Tmm rata PPl only In tho ; j-X.
4 BaU to Kti n poinU fnrnub o PPIK"-
I ' tHm. MAk mltUnc by Uon-y OnUr. Kxprm
. ' Order or Dft If your poto(ffc U not
Vb 4lfony Ord-rvIXflc. 1 or 2-nt iUmp. will b
.JnumaJ. Portland, Ornn.
Truth hu murh flafora if w bits
through. George Eliot.
' 3 ."T' HK Wilson administration Is a
ijt. failure," says the Orrgonian.
K'i :f If Harding should be elected, what
: Impart of it would h5 undo? Would he
repeal the federal reserve system?
'Or the farm loan system? Or the tariff
: commission act? -
Y; . Would he repeal the shipping law
under which America is rapidly over
'taklng Great Britain as the greatest
; ,.;v!maritirne nation in the world?
v 'j-t : Would he repeal the federal trade
-commission and its power to lnvestl-
; -gate and report the doings of the
: "packers trust and the steel trust 'and
: jjthe coal trust and the oil trust ?s
qf Would he repeal Jhc Wilson law
W Avhlch says "labor is not a com-
TV':-;i Was the selective draft act on which
jlhe war was' fought a failure, and was
Hthe food administration a failure?
'I Was Iho vva,. a fnflnrp? FilH un tftBP
t 'J,t? Is Hohcnaollcm on his throne and
the Hapsburg on his throne?
tho peace treaty a failure Just be-
thfitr Ainft 'Ilka If In rinrmftnv
I: i sland 1 because' pro-Cfermans In Anfcrica
-non t iikc in .
::J Is it because everybody In America
, i ;.is employed at go.od wages that the
-"UlWllson administration is "a failure?"
' 'it! Is It because bank deposits are one
; third more than before Wilson went
: into office and because the number
y iof savings depositors in both commcr
' J-than ever before in history that the
Administration Is "a failure?"
Is it because there hirve been , no
Vulnous panics that ttje administration
"a failure ?"
Is it because America Is In the
- greatest period of prosperity ever
. ' known In any country at any time
- s: ijlhat the national administration Is "a
d-ii Again The Journal asks, how many
''ind which of the great legislative
r I measures of the Wilson ,adminlstra
' lon are to be repealed if Mr. Httrd
; filing Bhould be elected?
3 J The hunfran equation enters into
; the Near, East relief. Human frail
- ties invade the most sacred institu
tions and the noblest movements.
M; Even though thererbe a wrong con--j
version of a small amount of Near
ast relief funds, the cause is not
; dimmed nor. the appeal minimized.
I Th charge is not against Near East
" ;; - .relief, but - against honorless and
' .Conscienceless men.
QUITS HIS PARTY.
4f WAS born and brought up a Re
.f 1! publiean and have been one all
tny life and that is just why I am leav
ing the party, because Harding is just
3 or anything on earth only what. is
' beneficial to the workers and common
'peopleof the nation."
So writes, on this page, a Grants
.Past Republican, and he says "thou
.aanas of others" are taking the same
, Senator Harding is not a real Re
publican. There is not a thing in his
;jdcas and beliefs that contains a hint
of Lincoln Republicanism. ' n
Lincoln was a progressive. fHe-quit
Is party because it was not progres
iye and helped form a; new party.
The new party was. founded on $rog
res&y as contrasted with the Reaction-'
ary Democratic party of that day. ,;
The Jtepublicanism of that day and
- the-rank and ( file Republicans now are
the exact opposite of Hardingism. All
'that made the Republican party mili
tant and 'appealing has been, ab'an-
doned by the present party leaders. No
senate oligarchy could dictate to Abra
ham Lincoln. '- Such an oligarchy, as
sayed his conduct of the war,' and at
tempted to set aside, his policy toward
the South'. He ignored the disdainful
senators when he could, and fought
them to. a finish whenever it became
Republicanism as it 'was, befriended
the oppressed It defended weak peo
ples. In this day all that is sneered at
by Lodge. - It is tossed aside by Candi
When Harding opposed the farm
loan system and said that if the farm
erg had; to be given a guarantee on
the price 0 wheat "there isn't patri
otism enough in the country to win
the war," he repudiated Lincolnlsm.
When he opposed special war taxes
on what he called our "great corpora
tions," he abandoned. old time Repub
licanism. When he opposed reduction
of world armaments he took a
stand against the conscientious de
sire of, three-fourths of the Republi
PILLARS OF THE REPUBLIC.
WHY break down the dairymen's
Why try to prevent farmers from
Joining with each other in coopera
With the war over, prices of farm
products will gradually go back to the
old levels. Already, it is the farm
products that are first to tumble. The
Chicago wheat gamblers and wheat
price fixers cut the price of wheat 10
cents In one day" this week.
The community wants the farmer to
keep on producing. It wants him to
increase production of foodstuffs.
It wants him to stay on the farm.
it does not want all the farmers to
move into the cities. It wants to be
sure that there are enough men left
out on the farms to carry on the work
A third thing that the community
expects is that 6omchov or other the
farmer will develop into a landowner
and that the United States will be
dotted literally witli millions of small
farms, tilled by their owners.
There is one way to bring these
three things to pass give the farmers
a chance to market their products at
prices that will give them a reason
able profit. If not, how can you ex
pect them to stay on the farm? How
can youcxpect them to increase the
production of foodstuff? How can
you expect them to become owners
of their land?
The farmer has nothing to do with
fixing the prices of things ho sells.
He has nothing to do with fixing the
prices of things he buys. .. Both the
prices of what he sells and of what he
buys are fixed, for him. That is why
the farm boys and farm girls are hur
rying into the city. That is why farms
go under the mortgage and the former
owner becomes a tenant on the old
homestead, or move Inio the city to
do the drudge work of people in more
remunerative callings. That is why
city population is rising and rural
population falling off.
Give the farmers markets, give them
a chance to make a living and lay
something aside for a rainy day, and
they will build up rural America.
Deny those things to them, and rural
America will continue to decline.
Don't break up the Dairymen's
league. Don't pull down the farmers'
cooperative marketing associations.
Help pass the market commission bill,
which Is a first step toward improv
ing and coordinating the systeln under
which farm products are marketed.
It is a system that has revolution
ized marketing and brought a new
era on the farms of California. Put
the jneasure into effect in Oregon in
time to be of service in the coming
period Of low prices for farm prod
ucts which is ahead.
The farmer who owns and tills his
own farm Is one of the strong pillars
of the republic.
Within a space of a few weeks
the interstate chimerce commission
decided the "billion dollar rate 'case"
of the railroads. It has had the
Columbia basin rate case under con
sideration for many months. It had
heard all the evidence in the latter
issue before the national rate matter
came before the commission. A ten
tative finding, submitted to the
rate body by its chief examiner, is in
favor of the Inland Empire and the
ports of the Columbia. Does the in
terstate commerce commission find
the Columbia basin rate case weight
ier than a billion dollar rate order?
A WAR DESTROYER.
V71THOUT a hand at hen tiller the
W 13,000-ton battleship Ohio was
maneuvered, circled, reversed and
turned off the Virginia capes.
The gullding intelligence was aboard
the Indiana. Wireless was the agency
by which the guiding impulses were
transmitted. An invention developed
and guarded with the utmost secrecy
rendered the feat possible.
With equal facility the Ohio could
have been sent into war. She
could have carried wireless controlled
agencies of destruction. She could
have brought about the destruction of
enemy shipping without the loss of
a single American life.
Those who plan war would do well
to ponder on this..
Those who plan war would do well
to, reflect on what enginery of de
struction the, next great war will
bring. What mother will care to send
her son against a gas that would snuff
out all Ufa in a great city in a single
What herribte forms of death, what
hideous' agonies in the last throes of
the dying on future battlefields ?
. Yet, here are men opposing the only
plan ever devised to end war, and it
is a plan that within a few weeks has
successfully averted two wars.' - If
this plan fails, this pUa In which, all
the best nations of the earth except
America . are co-operating, ; how can
nations ever have confidence to ' at
tempt another plan? " -:--t(-The
bigsest Issue of all history, the
most momentous proposal of all time,
is staked on the outcome of the No
" want to ae you win, and I
want to see the League scheme de
feated," Borah wired to Harding.
And Harding said. "I will not Join
the League; let there be no mistake
about that." And Hiram Johnson
said, "If Harding is elected, the
League ia dead." Yet the League is
an association of nations to see that
the terms , of the treaty are carried
out', ''and to secure disarmament of
the nations and to provide for settle
ment of quarrels between nations by
arbitration instead of by war.
AN AUTOMOBILE was crossing
Broadway bridge last week at a
speed considerably under 10 miles an
hour. The line of traffic -ad halted.
The driver applied brakes, and under
him. even at the slow 6peed, his ma
chine skidded onward for several-feet
until it lodgedagainst the rear of an
Just behind, another car, proceeding
at approximately the same speed, ap
plied brakes, and, like the first, skidded
on for severals feet, lodging against
the side of the bridge.
Both were careful drivers. Both
were taking the condition of the bridge
into consideration. And, both skidded
onward in spite of their precautions,
until they lodged against obstructions.
What if their speed had been 15
miles an hour?
Newberry bought his seat in the
Senate. That gave Lodge votes
enough to pack the foreign relations
committee against the treaty. That
gave Lodge control and enabled him
to defeat the treaty. Now Harding
partisans say President Wilson is to
blame for failure of the tjreaty. Is it
Wilson, or is it Nfewbejry? Which
of the two is under two years' sen
tence to the penitentiary?
PORT AND SCHOOLS.
PUT THE port in the schools of Port
land, suggests the Portland Cham
ber of Commerce.
"How absurd," is the essence of a
retort by a teacher of high school
"What is the port anyway?" is a
question quoted In an interview with
It is, really, too bad that opening
minds should be marred in their rapt
acquiring of dead languages by con
templation of the sordid commercial
ism of the port business which helps
supply Portland with its bread and
It is, honestly now, an imposition
upon good nature to suggest that in
formation about the city the children
of Portland live In should be pre
sented almost in the same breath with
the classical affairs of Aeneas and
The Chamber of Commerce deserves
reproof. It oughtn't to fuss up the
dead language mind. It ought, instead.
to take its plan for port instruction
direct to Superintendent Grout. There
the business men who want to train
tomorrow's business men for the
business of Portland will find the co
operation they seek.
Interests that oppose the coopera
tive marketing movement among
farmers uniformly begin their hos
tile arguments by declaring them
selves in favor of cooperation. Then
the farmer is left at sea as to what
they mean until he remembers that
they probably have in mind coopera
tive exploitation by the interests.
A WOMAN PRESIDENT?
WHERE is the mother who is rock
ing the girl baby who some day
may be president of the United States?
In one of our 48 states she is crooning
lullabies and otherwise fashioning a
feminine mind that may sway con
gress and even nations.
Such a prospect is an audacious
blow at our timeworn habits of
thought, but that does not change the
inherent truth of it. Like the coming of
woman suffrage itself, a long period
may elapse before woman is elected
president, hut it is a probability of
the future which cannot be denied.
The fact stands that women have the
ballot, and consequently it is as much
their constitutional right to seek of
fice as it is man's. In many states
women are candidates for high office
Why should not one be a candidate
for the highest office?
We used to say that every bary bov
born in the United States was a po
tential president. We must revise that
saying to include every girl.
' "The hand that rocks the cradle
rules the world" is an axiom which
literally may come true one of thee
days in a double sense.
THE skillful and effective campaign
waged by the Portland Chamber
of Commerce is primarily responsible
for the announcement of Admiral Ben
son, chairman of the shipping board,
toi Senator McNary that Portland will
again be included In the San Fran
cisco shipping board district.
The reestabllshment of the status
prior to the order creating a Pacific
Northwest district with Seattle as
headquarters is of incalculable value)
to this port.
The Journal has repeatedly stated
that to make Portland subordinate to
i .. . i j
Seattle, reporting to , Seattlt and
through ' Seattle in shipping board
matters, was intolerable. Justice alone
was served in the announcement that
the former, order will be revoked, and
the status quo restored, v
iThe order, as Admiral Benson first
promulgated it made Portland in
shipping board matters part of the Port
of Seattle. The cancellation restores
to tills port in shipping board mat
ters its former individuality and re
news the disposition to employ initia
tive and enterprise in developing the
full and profitable use of the Ameri
can merchant marine.
The last consideration is, in fact,
the chief consideration. The fate of a
port is secondary. America's reestab
lishment upon the seas is a vital issue.
It cannot be done by measures which
are unjust and discriminatory. 4
Portland owes to Admiral Benson
the appreciation due to tardy justice
but to the Chamber of Commerce
Portland should award large credit.
Seven Who Have Aspirations ' for
Honors in the Electoral
Elton Watkins of Portland. Democratic
candidate for presidential elector, was
born at Newton. Miss.
He was graduated
. from Washington and
Lee university and
sity at Washington,
D. C. He served as a
special agent in tne
j. bureau of the depart-
service six years and
during the war had
charge of the prep
aration of the es
pionage cases tried
in Oregon. He has
practiced law eight
years and was prosecutor for th
Oregon Bar association from 1904 to
1920, and served as deputy United States
attorney during 1919. He is the present
president of the Jackson club.
. E. T. Johnson of Portland, Prohibition
dandidate for, presidential elector, was
Dorn at Carlisle, Pa.,
ifri 1857. He was edu
cated at Central col
lege, Missouri, and
at Lehigh university
in Pennsylvania. He
has been a civll en
gineer and contractor
for the past ,40 years.
Mr. Johnson has
never held public of
fice, though he has
been the candidate of
his party for. various
offices during differ
ent past campaigns.
candidate for presidential
been a resident of
Portland for many
years and is : well
known in business
a.rl fingnnial 4li-rlAa
? XS of the city. Mr. Pa-
V ; get Ileus uteu a. uuii-
' 4 t ' - " sistent advocate of
&Sr' prohibition through-f
" out all of the wet
and dry campaigns
of the state, in all of
which he has taken a
leading and active
Cyrus H, Walker of Albany, candidate
for presidential elector on the Prohlbl-
tion ticket, la the?
dean of all the con
testants for public
office In point of
years. Mr. Walker
is a pioneer of Ore
gon and of Linn
county, having come
to the state during
the early 40s. He'
has always taken s
keen interest and a
prominent part in
public affairs 'as an
advocate of progres
sive measures and governmental reforms
for the benefit of the public welfare
generally.. He is a charter member of
the Pioneers' association of the state.
W. S. Richards of Albany, Socialist
candidate for presidential elector, was
born in Illinois, No
vember 20. 1864. He
was educated in the
public schools and
came to Oregon in
1874. He is a factory
foreman and has
- been a candidate for
v a States senator, con-
mlssior.er, mayor and
councilman. He was
elected to and served
one term as council
man and is now a member of the park
board of Albany.
R. R. Ryan of Salem. Socialist candi
date for presidential elector, was bom
in Ohio, August 23, 1846. He was edu
cated in the common schools and for the
past IS years has been engaged in the
real estate business in Salem. Prior to
that time he was a farmer.. He was 'a
candidate for governor against George
E. Chamberlain in a902, on the first So
cialist ticket put out in the state. He
was also a candidate for justice of the
supreme court in 1904. Mr. Ryan is a
CivU war veteran, having served with
General Sherman's command during Its
march from Atlanta to the sea. He was
one of the organizers of the Farmers
Alliance in Nebraska and of the Populist
party in Oregon and is aacharter mem
ber of the Socialist party in Oregon.
B. F. Ramp of Roseburg, Socialist
candidate for presidential elector, was
born in Illinois, July 23, 1850. During his
early boyhood he lived on a farm
and was educated in the public and high
schools. He taught school for 10 years,
commencing at the age of 1 after
which he returned to the farm and con
tinued in that business for the greater
portion of the time up to 10 years ago,
when he retired. He was first affili
ated with the Democratic party, then
turned to the ranks of the Prohibition
party, from there going to the Populist
party, and after the close of; the first
Bryan campaign joined
Letters From the People
(Commnnioatioiia ient to Tbe JourmI for
public tlon in thia department ehonld be written
ot. only one aide of the paper; ahould not exceed
S00 words in length and must be sicned by tbe
writer, whose mail address ia full lovut accom
pany the contribution.
WHY HE FORSAKES THE O. a P.
Grants Pass, Sept- ZO. To the Editor
of The Journal I read an article in the
Grants Pass Courier recently In which C
N. McArthur vigorously assailed Gov
ernor Cox "for catering to the pro-Ger-mon
vote in Ohio." McArthur talks like
the German vote is too degraded to think
about their voting tor him and Hardtne?.
Yet, be well knows be and. Harding are
i r- i
v.sfJBBswefi . Jr.
i X" J
MY FRI ENDS, TH IS
111 $m Ar.va lil i
in favor of a separate peace with Ger
many. He talks about Cox not being fit
for president, yet he would elect a man
who is against. every vital issue that is
for the common man. Harding is against
labor, woman suffrage and the farm
loan act and against tbe League of Na
tions.. I was born and brought up a Repub
lican and have been one all my life.
And that is just why .1 am leaving the
party because Harding is Just for any
thing on earth only what is beneficial
to the workers and common people of
the nation. I have gotten my eyea open,
and thousands of others -will follow me.
for they can not swallow that man
A Standpat Republican.
DECLARES STATEMENT AS TO
Portland, Sept. 27. To the Editor of
The Journal I do not care to dischiss the
philosophy of your editorial article last
Sunday on "Psychology and Bombs," or
the subject of telepathy, as suggested by
the Fischer case. Your conclusions may
be justified, but the examples you cite
in support or illustration are not fortu
nate. None of them has any connection
with the phenomenon or faculty at issue.
Nor would thewpossession of such a gift,
sixth sense, second sight, or what you
please, as telepathy, necessarily indicate
under or over development of the normal
mind. If It exists at all it does not follow
that there ts a departure from or dim
inution of "normality'" in other respects.
So far as we can tell or guess it would
be simply an addition thereto. In a sense,
all genius is telepathic, but that la not
the technical one which surely you must
have had in mind.
As for Chatterton, "Jhe marvelous boy,
the sleepless soul that perished in its
pride," I cannot recall that his "general
mentality" was ever questioned. Indeed.
Instead of being "a bit unsteady," it was
too steady. Of precocity wondrpus. no
doubt, but not uncanny, he strove as a
boy, a stranger In a great city, ending
his life as a boy in despair of recogni
tion and facing starvation. His natural
endowment was certainly supernormal
but hardly abnormal.
But it Is your statement concerning
Paul Morphy that I wish particularly to
notice and correct. A page might be
filled, as books have : been, on the life
and genius of this chess prodigy, but a
sentence or two must here suffice, only
as regards Morphy the man, not the
chess player, to traverse the allegation
that he was "idiotic on all subjects save
mathematics." In fact, mathematics was
not one of his accomplishments beyond
the ordinary acquaintance acquired in a
college course. He was more distinguished
in languages. He had also a love and
fine memory for music. Well bom and
well educated, he was a man of both
native gifts and culture. Let this briefly
serve as an emphatic vindication of bis
honored name. The record is conclusive.
C. S. Rorer.
Curious Bits of Information
for the Ctirious
Gleaned From Carious Places
Theodore Roosevelt, one-time police
commissioner, was the only police offi
cial to whom the labor unions of New
York had ever gone for counsel on
friendly terms. Usually the police and
the unions were at odds. A small strike,
in which there was much bitterness be
tween the strikers' pickets and the pa
trolmen, brought this, condition forcibly
to Roosevelt's attention. He promptly
called a meeting of the leaders, spent
an evening w)th them discussing their
grievances, and finally made the very
simple and sensible suggestion that they
appoint duly authorized pickets, whose
rights the police should protect. After
that there was perfect confidence be
tween the police department and the
Legislature in 1853 Asked for Trans
The first legislative action arelative to
railroads after the organization of Ore
gon Territory was the passage by tbe
legislature of 1553 of a memorial to con
gress for a transcontinental railroad
from the Mississippi river to some point
on the Pacific coast. Before this time,
however, the building of a railroad from
St. Helens to Lafayette had been proj
ected. Charters were: granted to four
companies by the legislature of 1854
They "were the Willamette Valley Rail
road company, the Oregon & California
Railroad company, the! Cincinnati Rail
read company and the! Clackamas Rail
road company. The Cincinnati company
proposed to build a road in Polk county.
Tbe Clackamas company involved a por
tage around Willamette falls. -
Frost tbe Bostoa Transcript
Jack Staylate ; -. "Just aa I was bid
ding ber good ' night It dawned upoa
Friend: ."What did morningr . t
LITTLE CHILD NEEDS , PROTECTION," ;
Copyright. 1020. by The P
With Java sugar on the market at re
duced prices, all we need n Is plenty
of good Mocha at a fair price, and we're
fairly sure of a good starter for break
fast. "I want a pair that will be perfectly
comfortable," she said as the clerk
looked into one of her old shoes to find
the number. "Oh, I see," he replied.
'Something about three slses bigger
than these, eh?"
"It is said, that the water on the eartb
is gradually drying up." said -the ama
teur scientist- "Goodness I" exclaimed
the lady who had been collecting recipes
from her friends, "Jlhe next thing we
know, I suppose we won't even have a
chance to fix up home brew."
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town
W. H. E. Leffler and Mr a. Leffler. v's- i
Uors from StocfUon, Cal., are at tne
Portland. Monday they toured over the
Columbia river highway and, v'thout
further ado, got down the file of songs
of praise to. sing a couple of selections.
Virginia, Minn., is the home of Mr.
and Mrs. A. E. Hill,, who are at the
Multnomah hotel. Virginia is in tbe
heart of the "Ten Thousand Lakes"
region and Is the favorite haunt of sum
mer pleasure seakers.
District Ferester George Cecil and
Fred Ames, head of the forest manage
ment division of the United States for
est service, will leave Tuesday night
for Vancouver, B. C. to attend the log
ging congress. M. H. Gibbons, head of
the products division. Is already at Van
couver for tb congress.
Jack Cronln of Tulsa, Okla., says be
cause 100 Tulsa millionaires cancelled
their reservaUons to go to the world's
series this year is no reason the game
is dead m tne lne star state. Texana
are all baseball fans. Texas has turned
out some of the biggest major league
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
(Two pioneers of Omon. intrriwi by Mr.
Lockley, are here reported. On of them cam
to the atate in 1840; the oihrr has lived 68
years on the aame Polk county ranch. The lat
ter, in pasainf, fires tbe forest perries what
misnt be a Taloabie Up.
H B. St. John can qualify as a pio
neer of Oregon and also of Tillamook
county. "I was born in Wisconsin, .No
vember 23, 1844." said Mr. St. John.
"When I was less than 5 years old
my folks started for California. When
my father came to the forks of the Ore-J
gon trail, where one road turned soutn
ward to California, he decided to go to
the Willamette valley. This was in the
summer of 1849. We settled 15 miles
south of Oregon City. In 1866 I married
Sarah Tharn. Two years later we
packed our possessions on a couple of
horses and went over the old Harris
mail trail across the Coast range to
Tillamook county. The old mail trail
went by way of Lafayette and Mountain
Home and through the heavy timber,
where it was only wide enough for one
horse. In winter the trail was knee
deep with mud and was almost impas
sable. "I took up a place on South Prairie,
not far from the present city of Tilla
mook. There was at that time only one
sawmill in the county. It was owned
by Mr. Kelllon. I built - the second
sawmill In the county. People had to
go to Lafayette to get married, to be
tried, and, in fact, for all judicial pur
poses, during the first two years I was
there.' It was a great Inconvenience.
"When I had been in Tillamook coun
ty four yearsthis was in 1872 we bad
a population of nearly 400 in the county.
I was elected county judge. I served
four years. During the last two years
of my service we appointed two county
commissioners. We usually held our
meeting at my home. At this time what
is .now. the city of Tillamook was a
crossroads trading point called Dog
town. It consisted of one store, a sa
loon, a blacksmith shop, a livery stable
and a postofflce. During my term as
county judge we built 'a Jail as a sort
of necessary adjunct to the saloon.
- "Yes, I am planning to go back to
my old stamping ground In Tillamook.
I want to visit BiU StiUwelL Hi li M
years old. I appointed htm sheriff when
I was county judge- He was not afraid
of anything or anybody and was a
splendid officer. He was one of the
most powerful men I ever saw. ' He
could lick three ordinary men In a scran,
y rj married a good many couples while
arm Publirtiins Co. (The New Tort World.
NEWS IN BRIEF
The latest Ford story is the best one
of all. Bend Bulletin.
"Saiety first" got as far as the rail
roads and then stopped. Somebody
ought to introduce It into the automobile
world Crane American.
Missouri, formerly: seventh stale In
population, has dropped to eighth place.
But think what ther showing would have
been if all, those who are "from Mis
souri" could have been counted. bugene
For nearly two years since Armistice
day we, have seen prices going up when
we knew they ought to be coming down.
Now that the tide has turned the "anger
to be apprehended is that they will fall
too fast Coqullle Sentinel.
stars and has some of the best uuah
league teams In the United States to
day. Many ruisa people lost ueavtiy on
the 1919 series and are temporarily dis
gusted with basebal north of the; Mason
and Dtxon line. .
E. B. Stanley, vice president of the
American Laundry Machinery company
of Cincinnati, and W. 8. Taylor, general
manager, are at the Multnomah. The
smallest laundries In small towns are
now realizing the labor saving value of
modern machinery and In a few years
the . term "hand work" will be a thing of
the. past, they say.
A. H. Powers of Marsh field is at the
Multnomah, accompanied by his wife and
daughter. Mr. Powers is one of the
leading lumber men of Oregon.
Vernon Bailey, chief of field work of
the United States biological survey, who,
with ,Mrs. Bailey, has been in Portland
several days, left Tuesday night for
Washington, I. C. Mrs. Bailey Is author
of several books on bird life. They spent
several weeks at the Malheur lake bird
I was county judge. I married them
out of my head. I would say, "Stand up. I
Tlin hanilfl Tin .rr.it lal. . V 1 man '
your husband? Do you take this woman
y"r V V.m0"?00? ,?.aKy
married. Congratulations. That will be
$5. Thanks.' One young fellow gave
me a $20 gold piece, for he figured his
wife was four times as good as the
ordinary run of girls.
"Along about 1873 we moved to King's
valley, in Polk county. From there I
moved to McCoy, where I lived IS years.
For the past 18 years I have lived at
Wilsonvllle. on the Willamette river." "
For 68 years "Breeze" Gibson has
lived on the same ranch in Polk county,
just across the river from Salem. "My
honeat-to-goodness name - Is Albert
Breese Gibson," said Mr. Gibson, as I
examined his deerhorn handled cane,
"but folks always call be 'Breese.' My
father, Davis Gibson, took up a dona
tion Ian claim in 1852 near what Is now
called Eola, but was then called Cin
cinnati It Is only four miles from
Salem, and for awhile It hoped to out
strip Salem, hut It fell by the wayside.
I was born December 8, J842, In Illinois,
so I was 10 years old when I casne to
Oregon. No, sir; me and schools fought
shy of each other. I got my education
splitting rails fer snake fences. 1
started splitting rails when 'I was 10
years o!4. Wages were low In Oregon
then and it, was all I could do to earn
money to buy powder and lead to kill
deer and ducks and geese.
"We, crossed the plains with Ben Hay
den. He wafe the wittiest and most ele
quent man that ever came to Oregon.
He married my cousin Zerelda, from
PUca county. Xo. sir. I've never got
married, so far. My father lived to $2
and my mother to 82. and I had to run
the place as long as they were alive,
and by that time the girls bad quit
pestering roe ; so I never got married.
From all I see, I guess I haven't missed
much. Nobody can claim I am hen
pecked, and though most men deny it,
yet most men have to spend! most of
their spare time explaining; Jthelr ac
tions to their wlvea .V jJ. ' V
"Say, If you say anything about me,
just say if they would take one of their
airplanes and scatter fir and, pine seeds
over the burned-over areas in the moun
tains they could settle the reforesting
of the burned-over tracts mighty quick.
We shall soon be like MionesqUr Mich
gas and Wisconsin. If we don t take
more care of - our lonsUu", ' ,
The Oregon Country
Northwest BAprwninct w "Brief font for the
, But; Bead
Albany hlh phrtfO will ,ntp It,. '
$Ju"t" 0' the Oregon High School
Debating league this . winter.
-At Aatoria October has thus far been
an. exceptionally wet month. Ifor the
' ramiaii was . inches.
The North Shore Urht a
Pany Planning to lay a submarine
cable from Astoria to llwaco at a cost
oi aie.uwr. a
A. H. Lea. secraiarv nr Ka fit.
association, will .not withdraw his res
ignation, notwithstanding substantial
Owing to delay i n comnlstlna K
schoolrooms In the new St. Marys
school at Mount Angel, the opening
has been delayed until October 11.
Open Installation of officers of Mount
Angel council. Knights of Columbus,
was neia iuesaay nignt. district Dep
uty Davey assisted at tbe ceremony.
Harry Stout, the 6-year-old soul of
J. W. Stout of Corvallls, fell frem .a
wagon driven by his father and was
run over and almost Instantly killed.
Students who attempt to carry more
student activity work than is allowed
under the rxlutsvsem will l nlaced
on probation at the) University of Ore-
The compilation of the Oregon laws
which was ordered by the legislature of
1919 has been completed by Conrad P.
Olsen. The work is now ready for dis
tribution. There will probably be five Kepub
lican candidates for the offlco of at
torney general to fill the vacancy cre
ated by the promotion of Brown to the
Under orders from Deputy State Vet
erinarian Gardner, a band of 300 bucks
Is being held under quarantine near la
line. In Deechutes county. The pres
ence of scab among them la suspected.
Frank Deroy has succeeded O. L.
Hanson as keeper of the lighthouse at
Heceta head on the Lane county coast.
Hanson, wbo was the keeper at Heceta
for the past 24 years, has been trans
ferred to North Cove. Wash.
Senator Kddy of Iouglas county la
preparing a measure to be introduced
at the coming legislature providing that
those who suffer damcge from the dep
redations of wild game be reimbursed
by the state from the game license
Need of a new school building at Mon
tesano is made apparent by the enroll
ment of over 600 pupils.
A grand Jury may be called at Ho
qulam to Investigate troubles between
liquor dealers and city officials.
Burglars have robbed a department
store at Honuiam of merchandise valued
at 11000. Most of It was bolts of silk.
Plans have been completed at Ho
nulam for carrying on the Junior Amer
ican league movement originated lait
The Tacoma city council has voted a
wage advance of $10 per month to city
firemen and policemen, effective Jan
The Olympic highway bridge over the
Quiiiiauu l iver. . nicii a, .-nuaiigervU
by florid waters, in now reported safe
with work going forward rapidly.
The whaler Wes'part brought Into
Aberdeen a whale every day laat week
for five successive days. The season's
catch is now close to 200 whales.
The Western Washington fair, which
has opened at Puyallup. Is declared to be
the most COmnlete agricultural and hnrll.
cultural exhibit ever shewn in the West.
The supreme court has refused to issue
a writ of habeas corpus In the case of
Bernard Parent, who la held in the
Spokane county Jail for contempt -court.
According to the report of Registrar
Ruby of Whitman college, fraternity
students, men and women, averaged
higher last year In their grades than the '
The secretary of state has refused to
accept for filing the nomination of E. M.
Heed of Othello by the Farmer-Labor
party as a candidate for state senator
In the thirteenth district "
Total receipts of the Washington State
fair at Yakima were 168,(0, of which
1 10,000 was for concessions and f 43.000
from gate receipts. This Is $10,000 more
than the receipts of 1119.
Yakima eounty will be called upon to
provide $45.408 in taxes for state pur
poses. This is almost double the amount
required last year. A greater part of
the increase Is for school funds.
Funeral services have been held at Se
attle for James Washington Offield. a
pioneer preacher. He came to Oregon
in 149 and settled in Clackamas county. I
which he represented in the state senate .
in 1875 and 1876.
Gibson Stalker of Lew 1st on has been
elected yell king at the University of
Idaho by the student body.
The state highway department has re
ceived bids for the construction of 12.14
miles of the Idaho-Paclfio highway in
the Buhl district.
Work on the government Irrigation
project for the first unit In Black can
yon has been suspended because of a
scarcity of cement
The total receipts by the management
of the Bingham county fair were $8700.
This Included gate receipts, grandstand,
bleachers, stall rent and privilege tickets.
Preparatory work ts being done by the
state land commissioner toward offer
ing for sale state lands in several East
ern counties. About 1S,000 acres is in
volved. Fourteen hunters were employed in
I !5fS? i? "Jj,"
I mn,- Tile total Mil included 23 coyotes
1 nd is hnht
Residents of Valley county have filled
a protest with the public utilities com
mission against the application of the
Oregon Short Line to take off the McCaU
branch passenger train.
Uncle Jeff Snow Says:
Tbe fear of hellflre -ain't nuthln' com
pared with a man that's dry as a camel
and dasn't drink bootleg fer fear it'll
strike him blind with wood alcohol In
it. Some feller Interduced a bill In con
gress to tax all the land values of the U,
S. A. one per cent to help pay fer,. the
war. The big city property owners and .
the steel and timber trusts Is a-makin'
a whole lot of farmers b'lieve they'll
have it to pay. when fact is Old Hayseed
don't own much land to speak of and is
purty sure to git gypped outer what h
does own. at the rate tenant farmetff.
Is increasin' In this here land of tne tree'
and home of the brave.
Western States Richest of
All in Power to Be Had
From Stream Flow
More than two-thirds of the poten
tial hydro-electric energy of the
United States is contained in Western
states. The UnUed States geological
survey assigns to the country at large
the following available waterpower
when developed, without storage, to
the maximum practicable :
North Atlantic states 4,910,000
Booth A UenOe iUUee, . B, 107,000
North Central autea 4.270.000
South Central states . 842.00(1
Western states . . , 44,048.000
Total . .j,.. .. .81. 78.00e
The. geological ' survey also esti
mates that by storage the total of
1.000,000 available hydro-electric
horsepower could be increased to
200,000,000. This would mean on the
same basis the increase of the West's
potential hydro-electrio development
to about 160.000.000. u
. It would be Interesting to know how
many trains could be operated with
200,000,000 horsepower, or how many
factories, or how many electric Irons.
Does anyone know J : , . . p