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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 26, 1920)
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For rifht to right, line Cod it God.
PULPIT AND PEW
IS THE Christian pulpit waning in
its eloquence, in its faith, in the
jowcr of its preachers?
Are the pew9 being abandoned by
men of strength and women of simple
:; Standing In his pulpit at the East
Side Baptist church last Sunday morn
ing, Dr. Hinson used these bitter
, Xvords :
,J There were not always such pygmies
In the pulpit as thero are today. There
I Jwere Spurg-eono, . Moodys, Beechers,
jbnee; the sort of men under whom you
,iople were converted and who baptised
iyou 20 and 40 years ago. They fluno;
'. to us a treat torch.
; This is an excluding assertion. It
provides no recognition for the Billy
Sundays -of America and the Gipsy
Smiths of England. It takes no ac
count of the lllnsons, the Rileys, and
;the Boyds of American pastorates.
i Nor did the preacher present a
brighter picture of today's congrega
tions. In the next breath he said:
There were not always such pygmies
' in the pews as now. Do you suppose
s your old mother would have listened
.to some of the preachers you run after?
;Io you suppose your old father, with his
, character and intelligence, would sub
mlt to be treated by some man in the
pulpit as though he had neither lntel
. licence nor character? There were great
!men in the pew once. And they have
flung to us a torch that Is well worth
bearing high. There were people who
knew how to-.practice self" denial, self
'Sacrifice, In the olden days. Some of
jyou would never have had the educa
tion you have got, only your father
I worked the plow when his feet weighed
itons and his bead thrummed and
drummed with pain. Some of you would
never have had the character you have
:got If your mother, who knew nothing
(about Shakespeare or Browning, or how
to vote, had not known how to wrestle
with Qod for you and then wrestle with
you for Cod.
These are Btartllng assertions.
Though one would expect.it the con
text does not reveal qualification. On
the contrary, the preapher. Is found
farther on in the stenographic report
of his sermon saying to his own
members who fail in full, ' active ex
ercise of Chrlsll&n service, "I wish
you would get out."
Perhaps the modern day needs such
sternness. Reflection does induce the
agreement that the most successful
preachers in this country today are
the sensational preachers. The larg
est audiences' are of those attracted
from commercial ! amusement by the
prospect or greater entertainment in
the houses, of worship. Pulpit mon
. Veyshlnes"v onlya too ofteri take the
place of devout, Bearchlhg?Blncerity.
it is difUcultifforijint of ob
servation: outside the: church to agree
with Judgmentsrupon it-or to pre-
.' scribe a corrective' foots f failures in
pulpit and pew, , B.uL, the outside
viewpoint may be "Valuable to those
who within ..the churc.h are laboring
fwlth' its problem, iri this": The deepest
question .f human life is; Whence
;am i anavwnuner ao i jgo?"
$ ."When sensaUonalicmvIs offered as
. suDstiiute ror simple laitti cavoutly
. ived,' the cjiwch that doesl it builds
upon; the'and and neglects the rock
A At the very outset It is evident
. ;that propagahdistB v of the " Swan
. island measure are endeavoring to
' feet the reetpf the state aainst Port
land by ' ecatterlns 'broadcast the
flstatement that Oregon outside Port
land can authorize th huge expendi
ture ; Involved and . that Portland
must pay the bills. The argument
s that tne rest ot uw siaie is m
tterested in Portland's port , service
' fThe state) outside Portland ia very
miuch interested in shipping and ia
the Improvement of the channel
from Portland to the sea. The rest
of the state should be opposed to
any attempt to consume the finan
cial resources of Portland In a great
scheme for Industrial sites and rail
road yards at the potnible expense
of the channel.
PSYCHOLOGY AND BOMBS
P3YQI0L0GY is having Its inning
in the New York bomb mystery.
Edward P. Fischer, arrested because
he so accurately predicted the dis
aster, insists that his knowledge came
as a result of telepathic communica
tion with those who were planning
the plot. A professor of Columbia
university at once came to the fore
with the declaration that science
does not recognize telepathy. The
next day another equally reputable
scientist jumped into the limelight
with the announcement that telepathy
had been authenticated to the tatis-
faction of science.
Safety would Incline us toward the
latter professor's view. This is an
age of surprises, of marvels, of mir
acles, and it is not wise to discount
any theory at all, no matter how
Outre or outlandish it may appear
to our unattuncd cars and unpracticed
vision. Today often renders common
place yesterday's riddles.
It Is not reasonable to suppose that
Fischer's prophecy of the horror was
due to mere coincidence, as has been
said. That opinion belongs in the
province with those who doubt every
thing that is seemingly unusual. It
appears more reasonable to believe
that Fischer either had guilty fore
knowledge of the tragedy or that he
possessed an intangible sixth sense
which bestowed on him the gift of
partly foreseeing certain happenings.
History is replete with instances of
persons who were able to glimpse be
yond the average ken. Some of these
were regarded as simple-minded on all
matters save one. Thomas Chattcrton
startled England with his literary pro
ductions when he was a mere child,
although his general mentality was
conceived as being a bit unsteady.
In our own country, Paul Morphy,
idiotic on all subjects save mathe
matics, was the world's master chess
player at the age of 12. Not many
years later. Blind Tom, a negro born
into slavery, developed into a great
pianist without knowledge of a single
note or sight of a single key, and with
a mind otherwise biased toward in
sanity. Joan of Arc communed with
voices beyond other mortal ears and
has been since apotheosized for her
tremendous part in history.
What were these manifestations if
not products of en uncanny and un
earthly sixth sense which is denied
to more ordinary men and women?
The belief that to certain persons
belongs the gift' of prophecy has run
through humanity since the days of
the ancient Greeks. It is found
abundantly both in holy and profane
literature, and nowhere is it so truth
fully emphasized as in the Bible.
Scientists well may pause over te
lepathy, and wonder if there isn't a
realm beyond their material sense to
which they yet may attain.
Nobody has said prettier things
about the great West than has Gov
ernor Cox. At Albuquerque, New
Mexico, Thursday, he said: "I am
going back East after my visit in
the West, carrying this assurance to
friends and foes the West is alive;
the West is alert: and the West is
with me" in my fight for the peace
of the world and the progress and
peace of our land, and the West
cannot be bought."
THE PENDER CASE
JOHN A. PENDER Is free. He was
accused of commiting an outrage
ous crime, kept in jail for nearly two
years and after a second trial was
found guilty and sentenced to be
hanged. His sentence having been
commuted to life imprisonment by
Governor West , Pender served six
years in the Oregon state prison.
xne crime witn wmcn ne was
charged was a most atrocious one. An
outraged public demanded a victim,
and the officers of the law produced
one. It was Pender.
The nature of the crime proved
that it was the work of a dfgener
ate. Pender, therefore, had to be
shown to be a degenerate.' This was
done through the circulation of un
founded accounts of past degenerate
Those who knew Pender as a soldier
in the Philippines and as a resident
of this state did not think him a
degenerate and did not believe him
guilty of such an outrageous crime.
Yet many of them hesitated, . in the
face of an inflamed public sentiment.
to champion his cause, with the re
sult that it was left to his grey
haired mother to fight the battle
alone. Bowed with grief, broken in
health, and without money or friends,
she faced her son's accusers and
fought for his life.
This mother had faith in him and
that faith never lessened during the
long months of his trial, and it was
just as strong when she heard him
pronounced guilty and sentenced to
It was because of this sublime
faith of the mother, coupled with his
aversion to capital punishment, that
Governor West commuted his sen
tence to life imprisonment. " On the
face of the record he was guilty and
a hostile, press was clamoring for hi
life, but the Plea Of the mother nre-
vailed and fin innocent man was
savca irom we gallows.
After the commutation of his sen
tence; a number of good people inter
ested themselves in his case, with the
result that further evidence s and a
confession were secured which' coo-
vlnced the governor, and many of the
newspapers that ' had demanded his
life, that he was innocent.
Had Pender been hanged this fur
ther investigation would not have
taken place ud the record would
have shown him to be the perpetrator
of an awful crime.
Should not this case cause the ad
vocates of capital punishment to do
some deep thinking? Newspapers in
this city that were the loudest in
condemning Governor West for his
action in commuting the death sen
tence of Pender were the loudest in
praise of Governor Olcott for releas
ing him from prison because they be
lieved him an innocent man.
Ail read in the papers a few weeks
ago of a son who confessed to the
commission of a crime for which his
fjther had been hanged. How many
innocent men have been sent to the
gallows for crimes committed by
On October 7. Multnomah club
will keep open houro in a reception
to L. K. Kuehn, member of the club.
who won the world's championship
in fancy diving at the Olympic
games. It Is an extraordinary ex
ploit to win a woild's championship
in any branch of sport. It is a
reason for pride for the club o have
such a member, as well as t- have
in Jack Cody trainer capable of
developing such a diver. The open
house affair may well be a felicitous
THE COMMISSION DECLINES
THE Portland Port commission de
clines to place on the November
ballot a measure giving voters an op
portunity to vote funds for work on
the channel to the sea without having
to accept the whole. Swan island
The claim fs that the law is such
that sufficient funds could not be
authorized. Some very good lawyers
take the opposite view.
The commission, as further reason
for declining to submit an alternate
measure, says it would result in "con
fusion." Is that : true? Would it be
very confusing to voters to decide
whether to vote 11,000.000 for channel
Uvork or to vote the $20,000,000 or may
be $40,000,000 for the Syan island
In fairness to the people, should
they not be given a chance to choose
between the two measures? Will it
not be more confusing to the people
to tell them that they must take the
Swan island project or get nothing,
than it would be to give them a fair
chance to say whether they want the
Swan island project or whether they
want the less costly plan of channel
The cry is already raised that it is
necessary to accept the Swan island
plan, in order to get money for work
on the channel to the sea. The port
commission raised it. It is preparing
to spread that propaganda over the
Can the port commission afford to
stake the reputation of its members
on such a claim?
Do they not realize that the people
know that the port commission has
been getting money all along for chan
nel improvement without accepting
the Swan island project, and that it
can continue to get money for the
channel without swallowing that very
costly undertaking with the greatest
grant of power to a body of men
ever proposed in the history of
A man, a woman and a child
started to cross Broadway at Wash
ington street last -week. They neg
lected to look for automobiles before
they stepped from the curb. Sud
denly they aaw a machine within
a few feet of them. The man went
one direction, the woman another,
and the child was held In the cen
ter, one hand held by each of the
frantic adults. Fortunately, the
automobile was under control
Otherwise, there might have been a
CHE slipped and fell as she was
- boarding an interurban car. A
young man helped her regain her bal
ance. She blushed, smiled, thanked
him. lie doffed his hat and smiled
She was young and pretty. He was
young and handsome.
The interurban went on its way
through the April balm, past newly
plowed, newly-sown fields, past nest
ing trees. The magic of the spring
was in the air and heart. . It was
mating time for flowers, forests, sing
lng creatures- The beauty and the
marvel of the time seemed to conjure
the passengers to silence.
He- was the first to get off. As
he passed the seat where she sat, he
glanced at her and the two of them
smiled as he bowed. There was
nothing brazen in the action of either.
A common act of courtesy had made
Three stations farther along she got
The days passed and they found oc
easion to see each other on the inter
urban. He always spoke, she, always
acknowledged the pleasantry. One
day the only vaacnt seat was beside
her. . . ;
April went by, May passed and
June came with its blooms and brides
By now they knew each other welL
They took the same car one after
noon, as usual. There was less aloof-
ness in their , actions than on any
oiner occasion. ; He, held a paper in
irons, or tnem. and all who had fo!
lowed their story knew he was read
ing. to her from" his heart The
printed page wjus gold, not black, the
paper itself was a bubbling fountain.
Not many Sundays ago the two
walked arm and arm through a park.
On the fourth finger of her left hand
was a jewel.
Spring, the great alchemist, aided
by his cup-bearer, the redolent Sum
mer, and mellow Autumn, majestic
handmaiden, has finished his work
Who said Romance was dead!
Psyche and Aphrodite are still fashion
ing miracles. Ears and eyes that are
not too obtuslve can hear them and
see them weaving their spells every
where. October 9 is to be fire prevention
day. On that day, every man and
woman is asked to be a volunteer
firefighter- fighting to prevent fires.
It should be so every day.
WHY THEIR HATE?
T IfE campaign of the senate oil
X garchy and of Chairman Hays is
a hymn of hate against the president
of the United States.
Why do they hate Mr. Wilson?
He taxed excess war profits. He
Insisted that those who made colossal
profits out of the war should do their
part to help pay for the war.
It was right. If a mother out in
Oregon could give her son to the war,
the great corporations that built guns,
supplied autotrucks,' made army shoes.
manufactured powder and supplied
other war materials could well afford
to give up a goodly percentage of their
millions of profits to pay the cost of
England took 80 per cent of the
excess war profits from the great cor
porations. President Wilson insisted
upon and congress assented to a heavy
tax on the excess profits , as a war
Most of the men so taxed hate Wil
son. They hate him because he did
not let them profiteer at will. They
hate him because he took a part of
the colossal profits which the war
made for them to .provide for the wel
fare of the soldiers, saiipr and ma
rines who went through the sufferings
and sacrifices and agonies of war.
The whole story of the fortunes
made out of the war will never be
told. Men became exceedingly rich
in only a few months. The blood of
tle dead and the struggles of the
living made unparalleled opportunities
for those who held army contracts.
And they profited to an extent never
known in any country. It was right
that they should pay a heavy excess
profits tax in order that those who
got the financial benefit of the war
should pay for it instead of saddling
the great sum upon people who prof
ited nothing from the war.
Great incomes were taxed. Why
should not incomes of $100,000 or $500,-
000 or $1,000,000 and over be especially
taxed in war time? They were incomes
that were tremendously increased by
the war. Those incomes began to
swell as American boys began to go
to France. It was right that they
should be especially taxed.
But most of the men who were so
taxed will never forgive Wilson. He
dispelled their dreams of avarice.
They hate him. They say they "want
no more Wilsonism." They have
spread that slogan of "we want no
more Wilsonism" through the country.
You hear that talk from ward poli
ticians and campaign spellbinders.
Back of that cry is every war profi
teer. It is the profiteers' hymn that
the politicians are chanting. It is
their song of hate that' newspapers
It is the great fortunes coined out
of the requiems of dead soldiers and
the groans of the dying that is paying
for the campaign of "we want no more
Wilsonism." They say they "want a
change." Of course men who were
not permitted to gorge themselves on
the usufruct of the war "want a
change." They are managing to dupe
other and better people into cuckooing
their insistence that "we want no
And whenever you hear that kind of
talk, stop, look and listen. And stop
and think. "No more Wilsonism'
means no more federal reserve system.
It means no more federal trade com
mission to investigate the meat pack
ers and the woolen trust and the
other great combines. It means no
more farm loan system by which
farmers may obtain loans on low in
terest and long time. It means no
more income tax.
"No more Wilsonism" means that
labor is a commodity. "No more
Wilsonism" means that the heart shall
be torn out of the whole structure of
progressive government built up
through the guidance of President
Wilson is not a candidate. Then it
is not the man they are fighting when
they say "we want no more Wilson
ism." What they are fighting is the
beautiful edifice of progressive gov
ernment that he has reared. He taxed
big incomes. He taxed, huge war
profits. One Portland concern paid an
excess profits tax of $4,000,000.
The Mississippi river is to be
bridged at a cost of $10,000,000 just
above the city of New Orleans. The
span will link the useful belt line
railroad system of ,the progressive
f? VER slnee Solomon wrote, "Spare
i- the rod and spoil the child,'
there has been a deal of discussion
about the disdinllne of children.
Some who wrltejjlf the subject have
children. Some have not Some are
married, ; Some are not Those who
have, had experience with the irre
sistible irresponsibility of the young
idea are apt to find In the rod a
friend. Likewise they are apt to use
it on occasions when relief for the
Irritated temper of the parent is' as
much a desideratum as the correction
of the child.
Those who have utterly lacked ex
perience, at least with normal chil
dren, are apt to prepare exordiums
advocating the exclusive use of the
affirmative never say "Don't !" and
the equally exclusive use of kind
ness as a whip to achievement by
those higher qualities attributed to.
but not always apparent in, the
There is an old fashioned rule for
the disciplining of children which
strikes a happy medium. It is in five
1. Consent cordially.
2. Refuse finally.
. 3. Punish good naturcdly.
4. Commend often.
5. Scold never.
The distinguished virtue of this rule
is that it applies not only to the
relation between parents and chil
dren, but to the relation between
people and life.
It Is Because of the Constant Fight
Over "Normalcy," and Its Slow
but Sure Defeat.
Pmn trie Salam CaDital-JooinaL
In one of his recent sane and safe
front porch speeches Senator Harding
made the startling statement that "the
story of civilization is a very Interesting
one" a profound philosophical observa
tion a ltd well calculated not to antaon
ire the discordant factions of the grand
The story of civilization is, however.
the story of human progress. Its Inter
esting feature Is the triumph of prog
resa over reaction, of the forward look
ing over the backward looking, of the
idealist over the materialist It Is not
the bloody battles, the panoply of
courts, the glory of kings that make
history interesting it is the struggle
for human rights, of the slave to be
come a man and of the serf to become
a citizen and the citizen to rule him
Every step up the long winding spiral
of progress has been bitterly contested
by the reactionaries and standpatters of
the time. There has always been a
Harding to urge a return to "nor
malcy." to "look backward to the sky
line of the setting sun," to set the clock
back with the idea of checking progress
Old King John was probably the first
Englishman to council a return to "nor
malcy," when the barons forced him to
6ign the Magna Charta at Runnymede
and he spent the balance of his life
futilely trying to restore the "good old
days." But his reactionary warnings
The Stuarts were also prominent
standpatters of a late day and gallantly
battled against parliament for a return
to "normalcy." They regarded a parlia
ment with much the same emotion as
our senate leaders view the League of
Nations. Yet their opposition only In
sured the final triumph of parliament
The American tories of revolutionary
days viewed with undisguised dismay
the revolt-of the colonies, vigorously op
posed the creation of the republic and
never ceased to sigh for a return to the
"normalcy" of King George's rule.
Through the story of the republic
every effort for progress has met vig
orous resistance. There has always been
an "old guard" on hand to battle for
privilege and oppose reform none more
notorious than the senate cabal, cap
tained by Penrose, Ixdge and Smoot, of
which Senator Harding is an humblo
member, which not only fought the
League of Nations, but opposed railroad
and corporation regulation, direct pri
maries, equal suffrage, popular election
of senators and every worth-while re
form of the present generation.
Now the cry Is for a return to the
"normalcy" of pre-Roosevelt and pre
Wilson days, to the era when Wall
street gamblers controlled our national
finances and big business our politics ;
to thedays of protective tariff graft,
when a full dinner pail, provided he
voted right, was all there was in life
for the laboring man to the days when
wealth went untaxed and children
manned factories and all the similar
blessings of that era of "normalcy"
Senator Harding represents.
The triumphs of progress over reac
tion are what make the story of civili
zation so Interesting, though when the
present chapter Is written in finality it
is extremely doubtful if Senator Hard
ing finds it of absorbing Interest.
Letters From the People
I Communication! sent to Tho Journal for
publication In thii deportment should be written
on only one-aide of the paper, ahonld not exceed
300 word in lencth and most be dined bj tho
writer, whose mail addreu in full unit aecom
panj the conthbuUon. )
ARISTOCRACY, AND LAND
Portland, Sept 21. To the Editor of
The Journal Since the papers of the
state are being loaded with insinuating
and misleading articles against single
tax, which is part of the $200,000 monop
olistic campaign to defeat it, I ask space
toaddress the people In defense. Let
us insist on the natural law that all
have the right to be equally free ; that
all laws, deeds and customs which mill
tate against the masses must be abol
ished ; that the common ajood is the pur
pose and only part of Just government;
that every Individual born and yet to be
born shall be guaranteed an equal op
portunity shall be assured of liberty.
absolute and undeflled. Let us Insist
that this earth shall be used In equal
freedom by the Irving and for the com
mon welfare, and shall be wrested from
throttling monopoly. Let us deny and
denounce' the demands of impostors who
maintain a right to levy, tribute on us.
our children and children's children Unto
the thousandth unborn generation who
claim a "divine right of kings" to exact
ceaseless tribute that they may live In
luxury at the cost of poverty and "in
voluntary servitude" of the masses.
Let us declare by adoption of single
tax that the land belongs to the living
and not the dead: that deeds shall have
no power to plunge the children of men
into serfdom ; that the natural oppor
tunity from which and by which all
must live Is not the property of are
sumptuous few but the free and equal
opportunity of all, without tribute.
Knowijj that landlordism does not
compensaTH that it is a vested thievery
like slavery and piracy, shall we tol
erate the Iniquity? Have we lost the
love of freedom and passion for justice
that flamed the hearts and fired the
minds of Patrick Henry and Abraham
The truth can not be dodged. The In
stitution of aristocracy has been subtly
transferred to 11 home of the brave
and land of the free," now a. hollow
mockery and an idle boast Free citizens
must -help to destroy this aristocracy,
this tribute, this "divine right of kings."
or stand condemned, cowards, destitute
of the spirit of liberty and the passion
for justice, equal freedom and inalien
.able right He who recognises a mas
ter has ceased to be a man.
CONGRESSMEN, AND ALIENS
Starbuck, Wash., Sept 20. To the Edi
tor of The Oregon Journal I advocate
I KNEELED there In the muddy fallow,
I knew that Christ was there with Callow,
That Christ, was standing there with me.
That Christ had taught me what to be.
That 1 should plough, and as I ploughed
My Saviour Christ would sin aloud.
And as I drove the clods apart
Christ would be ploughing in my heart,
Through rest-harrow ind bitter roots, . '
ThrouKh all my bad life's rotten fruits.
O Christ who holds the open gate,
O Christ who drives the furrow straight,
O Christ, the plough. O Christ, the laughter
Of holy white birds flying after.
Lo, all my heart's field red and torn.
And Thou wilt bring the young green corn,
The young green corn divinely springing,
The young green corn forever singing;
And when the field is fresh and fair
Thy blessed feet shall glitter there,
And we will walk the weeded fiejd
And tell the golden harvest's yield.
The corn that makes the holy bread
By which the soul of man is fed.
The holy bread, the food unpriced.
Thy everlasting mercy, Christ.
From "The Everlasting Mercy."
MORE OR LESS PERSONAL
Random Observations About Town
Schemes for prosecuting alleged
profiteers In almost all lines of business
are constantly being proposed to United
States Attorney Lester W. Humphreys.
He has kept the secret service men busy
almost all summer chasing down ru
mors brought to his office, but as yet no
prosecutions have been started, as all
stories were found to be greatly en
larged upon. As a result of the Investi
gations Humphreys has forfeited his
Municipal Judge George Rossman is
a popular man on the street Thursday
he attended the Progressive Business
Men'B club luncheon. "He"i a fine man
on the street." one of the business men
said as he Introduced a friend to the
magistrate. "I don't know how he is on
the bench, though." That the friend
might become better acquainted, the
jurist replied: "Well, if you want to
meet me otherwise I will send for you."
Albert Dunbar, prominent Astoria fish
packer, registered at the Hotel Portland
R. G. Crews, a member of the Chevro
let organ izatioii of San Francisco, regis
tered at the Benson hotel Saturday
Two bankers are among the recent ar
rivals. James . E. Montgomery of Coos
Bay. vice president of the Southwest
Oregon bank, registered at the Benson
hotel Saturday. J. A. Thornburg and
wife of the Forest Grove bank are at
the Oregon hotel.
Miss Bertha K. Young, dean of
women and professor of English at
Reed college, arrived in Portland Sat
urday after two months' vacation In
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
f A fine tribnte to a ffne and nowrmt city of
tbe Northwest is here paid by Mr. Lockley, who
in a- mculy satisfactory manner ansprra toe Ques
tion. W'ti j Is Yakima ! I
T stands for Yakima. It may be per
tinent to ask. Why Is Yakima? We
learned in college that every effect must
be preceded by a cause. This is not lit
erally true, for if you watch a man
wheeling a wheelbarrow you will notice
the effect precedes the cause. There is a
chance lor argument as to whether the
thriving' and prosperous city of aktma
should be classed as a cause or an
effect. Those who claim that Yakima
should be classed as the cause of the
prosperity of this whole section point to
the fact that for countless ages the land
here lay idle and It was not until men
of enterprise, faith and vision came
here to make their dreams come true by
bringing water to the thirsty land, that
the result was achieved. Those who
take the opposite side of the argument
say that without the matchless soil and
ideal climate of the Yakima valley there
could be no city here.
When you realise that Yakima, on the
average, sends out of the valley a mile
of freight cars each day for every day
in the year, you see how the value of last
year's crops amounted to $47,000,000.
You can also see -why the trading point
that supplies this district has become
the commercial metropolis of the valley.
Hay and grain, frnlt and cream, pota
toes and poultry, beef and mutton, wool
and hides, cantaloupes and berries, to
matoes and green peppers, sugar beets
and hops, with scores of other products
of the soil, have helped make Yakima.
Last year 807 building permits were
taken out in Yakima. 222 of them for
new bungalows. In 1917 Yakima spent
$521,638 In new construction. Inl918
she spent $304,005. Last year, in spite
of the high cost of construction, $1,227,
46S was spent on new construction and
$102,250 on repairs and additions to
buildlnars already erected. This year
will also be a big year in building ac
tivity. the adoption of an amendment to the
constitution of the United States provid
ing that representation in congress
shall be restricted to two members from
each state, elected for a term of four
years. I maintain that if two able
statesmen from each state are not suffi
cient to enact laws to govern a nation,
2000 are not I believe In the adage
that too many cooks spoil the broth, and
such spoiling throws unnecessary bur
dens of taxation on the people in order
to pay a lot of superfluous figureheads
in congress and useless politicians.
I further maintain that since there
is a law by which high tariff can be
placed on foreign I rn porta, the same
ought tobe applied to foreign immigra
tion in order to protect the wonklng
classes of this nation against the Influx
of cheap undesirables. I favor the fol
lowing enactments : That any male alien
who contemplates coming to this coun
try for the purpose of hire or settlement
shall deposit $500 with the American
consul at the port of embarkation," said
sum to be transmitted to this govern
ment at the immigrant's port of debarka
tion, where he shall undergo a rigid
examination before being permitted the
freedom of this country. If he passes
such examination be shall then b given
$300 of bis own money with the privi
lege to remain in this country six
months. In order to give him ample time
to make his declaration of citizenship.
If he does not make such declaration
within the prescribed time he shall then
be deported to the port whence he came,
at his own expense, and the residue of
his money returned to him. if any. But
if he has made such declaration within
the specified time, he shall then receive
his remaining $200 with the rights and
privileges of those who have declared
Intention to become citizens provided,;
that any male alien who comes to this
England. Miss Young was delayed in
her return by labor strikes In England
but she will assume her executive and
professorial duties Monday. Miss Young
came to Reed last year, ana in ner
short stay in Portland has become a
center of inspiration for faculty and
friends of the college. She waa for
merly professor of English at the Uni
versity of Cincinnati.
Robert Barclay, for the last eight
months acting postmaster of the Port
land orfice, who has been reUeved of
his duties by John Jones, has left for
Spokane, where he will resume his
regular duties as Inspector of all the
postoffices In the Northwest, including
Oregon. Washington, Idaho, Montana
and Alaska. Barclay, during bis stay
in Portland, became exceedingly popu
lar with the employes of the- Portland
O 0 o
M. L. Merritt forest examiner In
charge of trail construction of tha for
est service, will leave Monday for the
Ochoco and Fremont national forests
in Central Oregon, where be wiU in
spect road work undef: way and con
templated and consider the Improve
ments necessary In connection with the
lookout system and needed additional
telephone lines. .
Judge William D. Hunt of San Fran
cisco of the circuit court of appeals and
Chief Deputy Clerk Paul J. 0"Brlen of
the same court were at the Hotel Port
land Friday. The court was sitting to
hear one case, and has now moved on to
San Francisco for the October term,
Among the tourists at the Hotel Port
land are Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Adams of
I like the spirit of Yakima. Rt aching
the city late at night the day before the
state fair started, I went to the Hotel
Donnelly. Every room had been en
gaged, but I was not dismissed by a
curt statement that there was no avail
able room. I was taken by auto with
out expense to a private residence a
mile or more from the business district
where I secured an excellent room I
went to the Flemmlng Furniture com
pany tc- rent a table and chairs for
The Oregon Journal booth st the state
fair. I selected new fumed oak furni
ture, and when I asked for my bill Mr.
Flemmlng said : "We are glad to be of
service to you. There will be no bill
for rental nor for hauling the furniture
to and from the fair grounds."
The people of the city seem to possess
in a high degree the spirit of hospitality,
and whether you go to the secretary of
the state fair board or to the secretary
of the Commercial club, no matter how
busy they are, you receive courteous
treatment and your requests are granted
not grudgingly but graciously.
Yakima Is the county seat of Yakima
county. It was Incorporated January 27,
1886. It contains 2355 acres within its
city limits. It has the commission form
of government It has a gravity water
system, the water coming from the
Naches river. It is a city of schools and
churches. There are 3514 pupils, 788
being In high school. It Is a city of
wide streets and tree shaded avenues, of
green lawns and well built homea It
has over 20 miles of pavement, more
than 50 mile's of concrete sidewalks, 30
miles of sewers, over 6000 telephones,
five banks, three dally newspapers, and
a live and energetic cHlsenshlp that
have set their plans to have a distribut
ing and Jobbing center here, whose pop
ulation shall be not less than 50,000.
Why is Yakima? Because It Is the
logical location for a city, because It
has a rich tributary territory, and be
cause It has a live and enterprising cit
izenship. country after he has attained the age
of 35 years, shall be disqualified from
becoming a citizen hereof. Inasmuch as
all male citizens of this republic are sud
Ject to military service from the sge of
121 years to the age of 45, hence any
male alien who comes with the Inten
tion of becoming a citizen must come at
the time and age when he is able to
render 10 years' military service. And
all Imported aliens, male or female,
shall be prohibited from landing. Let It
be provided that this shall not be so
construed as to Include the representa
tives of foreign governments or tran
sient visitors or excursionists. But they
shall be held strictly responsible for
those whom they bring, under their con
trol, that they be not cast adrift here
In violation of our laws.
James L. Jones.
MIGHTY HARD TO PLEASE
From tho Astoria Bodost
The Oregonian, which is for Harding,
would fix a partial responsibility upon
President Wilson for the Wall street
bomb outrage because he has been too
lenient with radicals. Now comes Hlrsm
Johnson, also for Harding, to denounce
President Wilson for curtailing "the
constitutional rights of our citizens"
and, under the guise of patriotism,
threatening the right of free speech.
Well, take your choice. It's all for the
WHERE FARMINO PAYS
From tho Xaaaao City Star
If any Kansas farmer remains who
does not have a motor car the crops
this year will enable him to get one this
fall. The next year be can buy his
own freight" cars.
The Oregon Cpuntry
Northweit Mapptnlnoi in Brlrf Form tot .tbi
La Grande reports considerable dam
age to late grain by heavy rains.
i?u,!:Us.cou,.tK.,1" KO,nK strong arter
first counly exhibit honors at the state
of a fallen power wire pole
Sour" WUh0Ul Wty tot
A bltu, has been reported burn-
kUX SSL the cUforn111 lln
Teachers n the public -school at Al-
bany are to be tendered a reception by
Tnll nr. Inv..ll..ll.. .
.ne itum at
a fire at the home ot K. R. Kroesltnir
at Klamath Falls. 8 -
Donald Scudder. 8 years old. son or
Professor H D. Scudder and Mrs. Scud-
uer, aiea at uorvaiua
Deschutes vallev thia fall
harvest a potato croo 60 txr cent in ex.
cess of last year's crop.
Plactnir of the aunemtrtirtura nn IK
$100.001 Sacred Heart academy at Klam
ath Kails is under way.
Ashland votr riofutori tinnnon
bond issue for the purchase of Buck
lake as an auxiliary water supply.
John Murnhv. nrivat In Pnmnanv A.
Second Pe ullRvlvanl. Vi.o .... hi., II U.u
died at the Oregon soldiers' home, at
E. Jorgenson and L II Tj.
operators of a Htai) line belwtu As
toria and Youngs river falls, are being
sued by W. B hoed for $5000 damages
for personal Injuries and 90O for loss
"i i'm anu nospnai leex, as tho result
ot an automobile accident.
Yakima has a woman footpad.
Fred Kramlit-h, 71. died at Colfax.
Methodsts of Cheney held a reunion
with 75 present.
Twenty-six carloads of YuUlma unri.
lambs were shlppgd during the week.
Centralis has received Its first mall
by airplane from New York city.
Employing printers of Southeastern
Washington are to meet at Walla Walla.
Spokane university reports a gain of
45 per cent in attendance over last
Rev. J. H. Bainton. pastor of the
Plymouth Congregational church at Col
fax for IS years, has resigned.
Mrs. Katie L. Hannan was awarded
$250 by the city of Wenatrhee for In
juries received when she fell on a de
A clay deposit near Monteuano is be
ing developed, the product having been
found admirably fitted for moulder's
No material changes were found In tho
recheck of the votes In the recent pri
mary election In Skamania county, the .
Non-partiBans having been beaten.
Major E. S. Gill of Olympta has been
appointed to succeed Colonel Fred Waado
Llewellyn as a member of the indus
trial insurance commission.
The fast wing of the new Southwest
school at Burley was destroyed by fire.
University of Idaho students, Mos
cow, held a "bury-the-hatchet" dance.
Lewiston district plans to send an
advertising exhibit train to the Middle
Fifteen Campflre Girls of the Trahela
tribe. Richfield, put on a semi-annual
Lewiston Commercial club plans or
ganization of a children's home finding
Twenty-six carloads of sheep were
shipped during the week, from Orofino
The Northwest conference on public
utilities, statistics anil accounts will
meet at Boise next week.
By Frank Clark Loom Is
A atrane-r cam to riew this ststa
Ha cams to view and eogitat
On Taluas. taxes, rntermt rate:
On tbinrs both dead and animate
A knocker took him y tha hand
Iia Mid: "Now you must underatanl
Wo have soma food, but mnrh poor Isrxa,
And. too. it rains to baat Um band
"Tha ship of state is on the rorks
They'll rob you of your only w is
And ship you homewsrd in a hoi.
Thsj'ra dangerous as rhickrnpnx i
The stranger smiled a gentli smila
Ha kicked that knookrr 'most a mil
And said: "I'm going t" sllfk a Uils
1 think that I can msk my I'll
Ha bought up quit a pior of roun4
H farmed It all the season round.
And memorie of grainland browned
Cama to hire 'tiealh tha raindropa' anuaS
11 mad his weajtb nd spent it fret
To make mor wealth for you and at,
life's fnll of Joy for those who see
That taints art as tbty oufht lo be
Portland, September 20.
Uncle Jeff Snow Says:
Since Mell Peterson got fined by
Jedge Rossman last spring for drivln'
through Portland faster'n a walk he
sold his gas eater and turned his garsge
into a sieepln' poryh fer the hired men
through fruit pidtfn' and harvest. Ixta
of people, Mell told us at the Corners
Commercial club, uster drink sham pane
on a beer salary, and now they're drivln'
buzswagons on a wheelbarrow salary.
Portland Bakeries Supply by
Truck a Large Area
Around the City.
Some friends sat at dinner Friday
evening in a Rose City Park-home.
"What good bread you have," said
one of the guests.
"Yes," eald the hostess, "the bread
Is good, but 1 am not ntlUed to the
credit It (a the product of one of
"If that is the case,'' continued the
guest, "we have Just the same op
portunity you have. Although we
Uve out in the country, several miles
from Portland, our village grocer
gets fresh bread every day from
A little Inquiry disclosed how it
happens that country folk, near Port
land find it more convenient and
fully as economical to use bread
from Portland than to bake their
Since paved highways were con
structed radlaUng from ' Portland
through Multnomah. Clackamas,
Washington and Columbia counties,
thousands of loaves of bread and
great stacks of pies, cakes, cookies
and other good things from Port
land bakeries are carried dally to
the consumers by light, swift trucks.
One of the bakeries, for instance,
has - a i quick-moving truck which
serves all points on the St Helens
road between Portland and Rainier.
The round trip takes Just about one
full dayij Another routs compre
hends' Oresham, Troutdale. Falrvlew
and points on the Columbia river
highway as far east as Corbett A
third . route taUes in points between
Canby and Portland on the Pacific,
highway., A fourth follows the Tu
alatin highway and includes Ba.'
verton, Hillsboro and Forest Grove,'
"," (To Be .continued)