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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 20, 1919)
THE OREGON DAILY . JOURNAL. PORTLAND. MONDAY, OCTOBER 0, : 1819.
IS JSDKPBNnENT NEWSPAPER
C. ft JACKSON.
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The world Is wearied of statesmen whom
demoaracy bee degraded into politician.
-, , DiaraeU.
WHY OUR DEAD?
' at BIO motor truck collided with a
. l car. driven by a Portland, woman.
, who narrowly escaped death
1n the accident "The truck was
driven by, a boy subject to epilepsy.
HJ"had, at the time, been driving
but four days.
. Driving his newly purchased car,
oYPorllander had trouble in making
ttVo.'' He "was a wholly inexperienced
driver. In crossing Washington street,
he became excited, pushed all the
levers, nearly ran down two people
and' was about to kill a third when
1 policeman leaped on the running
soard' and stopped the runaway
There , were 850 automobile acci
dents in Portland last month. Five
' persons were killed, and 150 in
jured. More than one-half the" acci
dents occurred in the district between
Xehth, Jefferson, the river and the
-. Union station.
: How many of these accidents had
as their cause, a boy who had driven
- an automobile but four days, or
Ihe owner of a ne.w car, who didn't
wnow the first principles of how
to drive It? One boy who pleaded
guilty to two counts of speeding,
ono at 40 and the other at 48 miles
. aa .hour, had no license and was in-
experienced as well as highly nervous.
But for the police, how long would
it.have " been until he would have
kijled ' or maimed somebody? ...
"Why rot-have, a rigid investiga
tion . of jjvery automobile accident?
In what better way could definite
knowledge as to the main cause of
accidents be obtained? What, easier
way. to determine what regulations
are necessary to reduce accidents?
' Remembering that there were 850
accidents last month in Portland,
' that five persons were killed and
150 . injured, is it not. worth while
to make some effort to locate the
real cause? Thus, there was not
one prosecution in the case of the
five dead, or the 150 injured. If
there is no concern about those
killed in the past what about those
to be killed tomorrow, or next day,
' Qt the day after? May be the plock,
'. Will strike for you, or for your
rvife, or for your child?
; For your own personal safety, do
you not think it would be a sound
precaution for every accident - that
- happens, say within a, month or two
months, to be made the subject of
' igid 'Investigation, and for all ;the'
. facts that led to those accidents" to
Be made of ecord, and for the. data
tbbe collated, and made pubUcfor
rjse' in making intelligent traffic regu
lations? ' ,i
. j . At- last . a . monument has ";bcen
raised to ir farmer. - He was; ;the
fimnwho did the first plowing. in
Cascade county, Montana, and the
: eommunity has rewarded the sery-
tjee with a monument to his memory.
It will fare well with, civilization
when mankind learns to glorify the
plowmen. " '
. . . - -; ' ,
; ! A 1 ROTTEN MAIL SERVICE
HY! should Burns mall facilities
uo u vi uue i wnjr snouia man
routes not be
Oregon 1 could be
brought Into closer communication
with r Western Oregon?
These are the questions that are
uppermost In the minds of citizens
of that section of the state. Burns
has only one means of obtaining mail
and that is via the stub railroad at
Crane.. The result Is that two days
elapse before a letter .mailed in
Portland reaches its destination.
All; this time is occupied because
the letter or the package travels
around in circles instead of by a
shorter and more direct route.:
To remedy this delay the Com?
merclal club of Buraa-hasi petitioned
the postofflce department for
mall, r route i; from- Bend to Burns,
cr the extension of the present route
from' Canyon CUy, .or both. The
Pcnd route ; would, make Jt possible
to obtain mall in about SO heurs from
Portland, while the. Canyon City ex
t nsion would at least , offer 'gome
The route out of Canyon City -is
narvvjjoperated .on ; a, iHy, schedule
nun way ia Burns, h vvny snouia u
not be possible to. extend this seryr
ice to Burns, even on a schedule of
every-otherday? The contractor in
charge of the Canyon City route says
that this could be done without . an
increase of expense
Burns wants' its route to Crane left
undisturbed, and if some facilities are
not provided "for the mail from
Western Oregon, Idaho, will continue
to take more and more money out
of Oregon through extension of - its
trade zone, . '
Except Burns people, nobody should
be more interested in the proposed
better mail facilities than are the
business people of Portland.
.Thirty-five : thousand " Serbian
children marched in the retreat of
the Serbian armies in 1916. The
American. Ked Cross reports that or
the number, but 5000 are living to
day, and that the survivors rare
shelterless and orphans. When- the
destruction of child life in the war
is finally calculated It will probably
be disclosed that it exceeded the
dreadful slaughter on No Man's
MAKING OLD MEN YOUNG
HE reported successful trans
planting of a vital organ at a
California penitentiary is fol
lowed in the news dispatches by
the suggestion of a French physiican
that hospitals in big cities keep on
hand in cold storage a stock of
vital organs to meet the demands of
patients. Whenever a man's prostate
gland or thyroid wears out he can
go to the hospital and have a
new. one planted where the old one
grew. This, hospital stock is to be
replenished from the bodies of those
who have died from accident.
It is a heartening thought that
our old bodies may be , rejuvenated
and age deferred by a simple surgical
But however strong our faith in
modern sureical skill it is well
not to hold the glittering possibility
before our mind's eye too fondly.!
It may turn out to . be Illusory as
has the age long quest for the
philosopher's stone. Even if the
dream- should come true we might
find that it carried with it IU modi
cum of regret and disappointment.
A few years ago it was found that
broken bones could be repaired by
inserting a graft from another bone.
This opened up a vast field of pos
sibllities which have not been fully
realized. For example, it is found
that while the operation or taking
the piece of, bone from the frame of
the subject operated on Is fairly suc
cessful it is not always the case when
the transplanted bone is taken from
another person or animal., There are
local differences of structure and
growth which may not Combine This
same rule may hold. in the case of
the .Vital organs! - ,
About the only record we have of
a man recovering his' youth was
Faust, . but he had to sell his soul
to the devil and in the end was
After It is too late, Germany dis
covers that these things are the
consequence of the late war: 800,000
marriages not consummated; 4,000,
000 children not born, and 700,000
deaths because of the war blockade.
In Bavaria the women are striking
against motherhood, saying it is not
worth while to rear boys to be used
as cannon fodder.
KEEPING A PROMISE
OUR years ago 30 or 40 Port
land business men placed their
names at the bottom of a peti
tion addressed to Robert E.'
Strahorn, railroad oullder. They
asked him to inquire Into the practic
ability of providing the great rail-
roadless region of Southern and
Central Oregon with steam trans
portation. The,y assured him of
their cordial interest and coopera
tion. Mr. Strahorn went with his
enflneers down into Klamath, Lake,
Harney and Crook counties. He
found that the transcontinental lines
had left untouched a zone 150 miles
wide, unconnected "save for the
slender thread of the Southern
Pacific, west of the Cascade range.
He found an area aggregating about
half of Oregon, where lands looked
at least as premising as " pioneer
railroad builders of the Atlantic
states discovered in the Middle West,
aift the opportunity not Inferior to
that which prompted - building of
the Oregon Short Line. He commit
ted himself to "the task Of construct
ing a triangular system connecting
Klamath Falls, Lakeviewr Burns and
War came and promotion of, con
struction was necessarily interrupted.
But the citizens of Klamath Falls,
through their municipality, had
provided $300,000 and this amount
was the nucleus of construction 20
miles in a northeasterly direction
nearly to the town of Dairy. Already
this slender bit of work has had
results In excellent freight tonnage,
and five 5 irrigation projects . have
developed adjacent and tributary to
Looking at the map, one sees tnat
the Strahorn system, creates a feeder
system through Bend to Portland.
Through such an outlet trade worth
many millions of dollars - annually
can ne diverted to Portland. It
now.l goes to California simply be-'
cause transportation difficulties ; In
other directions are insuperable. It
is , no wonder that Portland business
men, seeing with their own eyes
the timber,- Irrigation,' grazing and
grain - growing already successfully
under; wy, have attained realization
and determination simultaneously that
to aid Central Oregon railroad con
struction is a 'task to. which this
city " must set -itself aggressively
and resuitfully. - - '
A KEY . MEASURE
N THESE troubled days, when
everyone is wondering whether the
entire world Is to be governed by
Soviets, the" American Bankers' as
sociation resolves that federal farm
loans should not ' be exempt 1 from
taxation. It would approve the ex
emption of a tax on the farm mort
gage, but that is another story;
It Is the generally accepted theory
that , the federal farm loan was es
tablished for the purpose of encourage
ing farm ownership and for; that
reason no tax was to be placed on
loans negotiated for that purpose.
It is also a commonly accepted
belief that a deed to a home is the
best cure for Bolshevism, The
trouble in Russia was that the
peasant did not own the land.
To tax the farm loan bonds means
to add to the interest rate farmers
must pay on what they borrow. To
increase the interest rate on "Ihe
farm loans is to help kill the system
that was established after a 30 years'
fight, for giving ow interest rates
to farmers in order that they would
be able to pay off their mortgages,
save the old farm and continue as
owners of the 'old homestead.
Thirty years before the farm loan
system was established the fight on
it began, and it has continues unin
terruptedly ever since it was put into
operation. ' Propaganda against it
often reaches The Journal office.
There are interests that want it
destroyed In order that they may
make the loans at the old and exorbl
tant interest rates.
Happily, there are bankers, and
there are some other money lending
Interests in the -country who are for
the farm loan system They have
the vision to see that if the farmers
Shave arTle money at low interest
on long time to give them freedom
financially, their farm Operations will
result in a larger volume of products,
that - more wealth will be created.
that there will be Increased bank
deposits and increased banking to do-,
a greater and happier country, and
a republic anchored on enduring
The farm loan system is one of
the great key measures In modern
A fine field will open for the
profiteer when the transplanting of
vital organs becomes a reality.
NO LONGER HOGTOWN
N INTERESTING study in social
development is furnished by the
Socialist 5 colony, of Desdemona,
Texas. -When - this 'Colony was
started about' 20 years ago it was
easy for the colonjsts to be Socialists,
for all were poor.
All this has been changed by the
discovery of oil on their sandy farms.
Now the colonists ride in 'high
powered motor cars and invest their
royalties in stocks and bonds.
Despite this, they are endeavoring to
maintain their socialistic principles.
In the old days, when Desdemona
was known as Hogtown, there was
an annual encampment at - which
Socialists from all over the country
gathered andf enjoyed the excellent
provender furnished by the colony.
But there was no encanjpment this
year. The hosts of other years were
too busy 'loollng after their oil wells
to entertain their brethren.
Formerly there was community
ownership of'many necessities, partly
because- the colonists were too poor
to afford them individually. Now
that they can do so it will be inter
esting to observe whether or not
they will continue to share all
property in common.
One of the colonists is quoted as
saying, "We are going to attempt to
prove that a man can be very wealthy
and still be - a Socialist" He ad
mitted, though, that it was harder
now, so many chances to exploit
others having been opened up by
It Is to be hoped that they will
succeed and demonstrate that it is
not hard sometimes to be what we
want to be. A great step to Jthe
desired end was taken when the
name of the coloirjswas changed from
Hogtown to Desdemona. May the
end -of Desdemona colony be different
from the wife of the Moor.
The new gasoline streetcar, Henry
Ford's K latest Invention, promises to
do most everything1 except pay fares.
5HLAND furnishes, Oregon an
inspiring example of civic ef
ficiency. Some grace of archi
tecture and culture has presided
Over Its building. The visitor within
the gates of the beautiful city at
the head of Rogue River galley goes
away' with a lasting 'r Impression of
Its rare charm. Nestling at the
base - of snow trowned' Mount, Ash-
lana tne ruramte City" has a Dark
to whose i entrance municipal enter
prise at a cost of 100,000 has brought
and . converted Into never failing
fountains - the - curative waters of
lithla, soda and sulphur syings, The
park 4 itself contains T nearly: 1500
acres, partly n the title Of the forest
service ana partly or int. city. ' Hie
Cbiutauqua auditorium of i Ashland
furnishes 6eats ! fop more than :4000
people, . and ; in its "domed - Interior
the dropping o. a pin is almost heard
from the platform 160 ; feet - to 'the
Lback of the ball. It la an auditorium
which, explains why Ashland, with
five or six thousand people, wins
the best of attractions ' and the most
famous., speakers, that ; come to the
West. : , .
Since a ; city is .strengthened, first,
by; the quality of "its citizens and
then ny the resource of Its tribu
tary .area, Ashland has schoois that
in: architectural i. excellence and . edu
cative force are a guarantee of gener
ations that "will be the pride of all
Oregon. The nomas are in keeping
with the natural beauty with which
nature has endowed the spot. The
business places:, 'maintain ra high
standard of appearance and service.
Ashland, is a city where one who
comes to visit j briefly would fain
remain always. : "
NO TAX REPEAL
By Carl Smith, WnBiUnKion Staff
. Correspondent of The Journal
I Washington. Oct. 20. Republican lead
ers in congress bave definitely aban
doned the idea of any immediate legisla
tion for reduction of federal ' taxation.
Early In the present session there was
much talk about reducing- the burden of
the taxpayer as one of the prime objects
of the majority.
' The ways and means committee of
the house, under the lead of Chairman
Fordney of Michigan, went cheerfully
to work and reported a bill to repeal
the so-called semi-luxury taxes, which
are Imposed upon high priced, wearing
apparel and photographic and toilet sup
plies. The committee soon after lost
courage and withdrew its report, so the
bill never came to a vote.
It did report, and the house passed,
a bill to repeal the special taxes on ice
cream and Soda fountain drinks,, but
when that bill reached the senate It
crone to a halt. It began to he doubted
whether such a measure would be really
popular, in view of the fact that revenue
thus relinquished would have to be made
up in some other quarter..
Senator Penrose, who dominates the
revenue and tariff situation at the sen
ate end, gave no encouragement . to the
repealers. He even poked fun In a sly
way at the activity of Fordney's com
mittee in tframing and putting through
th- house a number of small protective
Penrose takes the position that during
this period of readjustment the time
Is not ripe for general revenue revisioD
or general, tariff legislation, and that
until general legislation can be consid
ered, the enactment of small bills- pick
ing: out two or three or a few articles
for special treatment is unwise. Penrose
has steadily refused to call his com
mittee 'to consider' Fordney's '"popgun"
bills, as he calls them, and the Penrose
Idea about the. futility of such proceed
ings has been making steady ijoadway.
Representative Good of Iowa, chairman
of the appropriations committee in the
house, estimates that the expenditures
for the fiscal year will be more than
$3,000,000,000 in excess of the revenues,
and he points out that congress will;
soon have to consider how It is to pro
vide more money, instead of repealing
The extra session is also preparing
to pass Into history without any legis
lation in aid of soldier land settlement.
The Mondell bill, reported from the pub-
he lands committee by Chairman Sin
nott many weeks ago rests on the shelf
while the - responsible Republican lead
ers, glare at each other. Mondell. the
floor leader, is for Mjut he is about
the only Influential men In-the manag
ing coterie who , doe;, and he - has "hot
been strong enough to put it through.
Representative Hull, Democrat, of Ten
nessee, has introduced a bill to create a
special committee of 21 to consider all
legislation for soldiers. Including bonus
bills, extension of credits, and aid for
homes and land settlement. Mr. Hull
points out that money bonus bills have
been referred to the committee on mil
itary affairs, bond bonus measures to
ways and means, still other measures
to the pensions and interstate com
merce committees, and the land settle
ment biU wen; to the committee on pub-
Ms lands. Thus there Is no unity of
action, ana no common forum where
bills intended for the benefit, of service
men can be compared and broadly con
sidered. The situation as seen by Mr.
Hull Is akin to the argument for the
Widget system. One great difficulty
now is that responsibility for money
bills is divided between a dozen or more
house committees, each jealous of its
jurisdiction. - and acting without any
common understanding a to what- ex
penditures may reasonably be made.
Senator Chamberlain, objecting to the
bill for retirement of General Enoch
H. Crowder with the rank of lieutenant
general. . f reel conceded that Crowder's
services as provost marshal general in
administering the selective service law
were valuable, and -may properly be
recognised. He; based his opposition
upon failure at the same time to recog
nise others who per formed unusual serv
ice, particularly the army chiefs In
France, asserting that to confer this
honor upon Crowder In a separate bill
minimizes the services: Of the others.
He proposed as an amendment that the
same distinction.1 be given at the same
time to Generals Hunter Liggett, Robert
L. Bullard, James G. Harbord, J. W.
McAndrews, W. L. Kenley, Harry L.
Rogers, W. P. Summerall. Ewiest Hlnes,
Mtrrltt w. ireiana, w. c iangiitt,
Leonard Wood and K. C. McCain.
The Oregon senator said that Crowder
did not originate the idea of selective
draft, and while th bill came from his
Office the substantial features which
made it popular with the country were
prepared in the military committees of
the senate and hofaae, who advised not
with General Crowder, but with Major
Charles B. Warren, who was assigned
from Crowder's office. :
As to commendatory letters from
Secretary Baker- which BeMttar Knox
had read in support of the honor pro-
poeed. Senator Chamberlain said the
secretary or war ana unnror naa ap
parently formed a mutual admiration
Society, and each p.aised the other.
Crowder has beet, a strong champion
Of the existing System of military courts-
martial, and some time ago came Into
conflict wKh Senato- Chamberlain, who
Insists tha radical reforms .should be
Instituted. ' -' h '
i Represer Ut've ' Vestal of Indiana has
introduced a biU to establish a standard
Of weights for package sales of flour,
hominy grits and meal and all ' com
mercial feeds. If offered in packages
pf five pounds rtrvr they would fce
sold In 100 pounds op multiples thereof,
or in 5, 10. SSL or pounds, 'except
that feed stuffs in addition, might, also
oe sold ia 60, 70 and 80 pound packages.
October Gardening: Why
and How to Do I,t
From the Spokane Spokesman-Review
: -If people 'would only realize it they
coald save themselves a lot of work by
doing as much as they can of next year's
gardening, iveaetablei" floweri and land
scape, this month and up to the time of
the first heavy snowfall. It will surprise
the average man to learn how many
things can b none m the way n "-tall
gardening - that wiU expedite .matters
when, spring comes again. -. ....
r One thins tha& everybody can , do
to rake up every available fallen au-1
tumn leaf, wetting them down in pile
and letting; them rot for fertilizer. Peo
ple who burn .U their leave nd then
spend money for commercial fertinaer
need to have their heada attended to.
Opinions of "experts differ- aa to
whether It Is best to set Out fruit trees,
berry bushes and shrubs la the fall, but
there is a strong case to be made for
this practice. Those who favor it claim
that a fruit tree planted to ectober g-ets
several months start In the way of
healthy grrewth ovr the spring planted
tree, and bears earlier and more copi
ously. Fruit trees already- m beartn
can be sprayed to. good advantage be
fore winter conies in, and there is a cer
tain amount of fall pruning that Is prac
ticable, v . '. ' .
. An excellent way to work off surplus
energy In snappy fall days la to begin
orkine the ground for next year's gar
den. , time can be freely distributed
and the ground turned over and then
dressed with manure.
There are so many little things that
can be dona now with a view to better
backyard crops and handsomer front
yard flowers next spring: that, no home
gardener need comi'laln of this being a
dull season for his botanical activities.
Letters From the People
Communiqttiona aeot to Tha Journal for
publication in this department thould be written
en only one aide of the paper, nhouid not exoved
800 words to length, and must be fignta by 'he
writer, whoa mail addreu in full soft acouen
paay tha contribatien. I .
Sir. Ilodson Assails the League
Portland, Oct. 13. To the Editor of
The Journal X -want to recall an inci
dent which occurred in Portland early
last spring In which your paper took a
leading part. I am reminded of. it now
because of the "pat" statement made
by your Mr. Earl C Brownlee, in the
article published by you yesterday, in
which he pulverized and atomized Sena
tor Hiram "W. Johnson". I assume that
since reading that article, Johnson has
disappeared from the face of the earth
and will be beard from no more.
But to ' return to the point: Last
March you were firing broadsides of
wind wads into the camp of the oppo
nents of THE Leag-ue of Nations, as
proposed by our peace delegation at
Paris himself, and to clinch your argu
ments and to drive home your asser
tions that there was an overwhelming
Oregon sentiment in favor of that par
ticular league, you conducted a "won
derful" plebiscite which showed several
thousands of voters as favoring your
contention, as -opposed to a beggarly
showing of only a few score who wanted
to be shown. I reported the result of
a private inquiry made by myself, in j
which 62 people were interviewed, of
whom only 11 stated- they had read the j
terms of the proposed league, and of
which 11 only three claimed to have any
comprehension of what the proper inter
pretation of its terms was. I made the
assertion that if your super-intelligent
voters were as well informed as were the
individuals I had talked to, your much
vaunted plebiscite didn't amount to a
tinker's damn. This statement aroused
a considerable howl as being a reflec
tion on the Intelligence of the people of
Portland and Oregon.
Now comes your -Mr. Brownlee, who,
in one of his lofty climaxes, transfixes
the senator by the statement that "John
Bon knew, as well as did his auditors,
that few had read the covenant of the
lieaguo of Nations."
Well, well, welll To think that such
an assertion Would be made In your
columns, and on your editorial pge!
And to think, too, that it would have
your editorial sanction to the extent
that the charge of ignorance on the part
of thA Oregon, public of the covenant's
termS should. be mads by one of your
own hired writers ! '
WHat are we coming to?
Last spring the - infallible "peepul"
were quoted by you with commendatory
approval, and were cited as showing
conclusively that THE league should be
taken, bait, hook, line and bob. Now
comes your reporter, who states positive
ly that but "few had read the covenant."
Last spring they all knew and your
plebiscite was an infallible index td a
well digested and final conclusion based
on their definite knowledge. Now, but a
measly -"few had read the covenant,"
and when they, applauded Johnson's
statements, were only a pack of
loonies' who dldnt know their own
minds If they had any and were car
ried away by the oratorical speH be
wove about them.
Ho, hum! Don't such foolish actions
on the part of this voting public make
you weary? C. W. HODSON.
There wai so lacue eorenaat when Tbe
Journal'e straw Tote was taken. It had not
been completed. Tbe plebiscite was on tbe
general principle of a- league of nations, and
the vote was 28,005 for and' 176 against, or
164 to 1. Mr. Hadaon wsa then one .of tha
176. He was against the league before the
covenant was formed, and be against ft now,
and it ia safe to assume that he would be
against it no matter what the terms of tbe
covenant were. It is therefore safe to assume
that it is not the covenant, or the present
tieague, that he ia against, but that be ia
against any kind of a league of nations. Being
of that mood, hiring doubtless tbe belief that
big armies and big naries are tbe true order
and that men should continue through all time
to be crucified on No Man's Land whenever
kaisers and kings aee fit to run amuck, Mr.
Hodson natnrsily concludes that all who dis
agree With his Views are absurd and all their
riDrToKiona wrong. Cnlike Mr. Hodson. The
rarasl cannot find fault with parents of sons
killed to Frames and parents of sons crippled in
France because they and millions of other are
asking for a pact among tbe nations to avert
future wars, bloodshed, agony and death.
Autoists and Pedestrians
Portland, Oct. . 13. To the Editor Of
The Journal I have read the letter In
The Journal of October 13 sigped by'Mr.
GMlesple. ' I agree with him that there 4s
a reason for the numerous auto accidents
ot ku. Khv drtv.n aulomoWl. on
usssf sxzrrz? :?jrj:z
without accident' of any kind, and the
almost' criminal carelessness of pedes
trians In crossing- busy street Intersec
tions causes one to wonder that there
are not many mora hurt The two inci
dents of which he speaks should have
been reported. Tha auto license would
make that a simple matter, but what of
the woman, who dodges out between
parRed autos la the center of the block.
causing the statrtted autoist to swerve
suddenly, perhaps damaging some other
car. for which be la obliged to pay? And
what of the hurrying man, occupied with
ousiness, wim never a tnougnt ior tne
frantic autoist who tries in vain to make
him hear his signal.
-eA. short tims ago I narrowly missed a
little girl who had been playing on the
sidewalk, but suddenly darted out into
the street Good brakes and a dry pave
ment helped a quick stop. The mother.
busily conversing with a friend, knew
nothing about it until I called to her.
Proceeding north on Third street and
reaching Alder, always a busy corner, I
signaled.. The crowd paused to allow me
to pass, but to my consternation two
women busily conversing walked directly
lntd the rear fenders of my car ! So the
list, runs on endlessly, with each day
bringing forth a new emergency. If only
pedestrians would realize that normally,
& car does "not come up on the side walk
after them, and that nearly U accidents
oocur tn tha streets t v- . .
Perhaps a system of licensing pedes
trians would be a solution. B. M. 8.
, Opeo Letter to Hay or Baker
Portland, Oct ' l. To Mayor Georae
Lv Baker Dear Sir The dty of Port
land has the distinguished honor of hav
ing at Its head one who ti without blem
ish politically or morally during the past
25 years and who Is much. inUrested In
handing out a .square deal to alt
X trust, for the benefit of those, of
j SMALL CHANGE
Senator Johnson says he is tired. Too
much Johnson, again. ..... j
No, we are NOT going to church, until
the mothball season is over. ;
-T-t i- .. " .-
"Do plumbers take up as much time
striking when they strike aa they do
working when they work?
One-might say that one half the dollar
doesn't know what the other half buys,
and good reason at that. ,.
The housewarming as a form of social
luncuomng seems destined to lose its
popularity Its feasibility, at all events.
"Turn down an empty glass,- Is the
final phrase of old Omar's Immortal
work. And that's about all that's left
to do any more.
If everybody were barred -rrnt thnaav
who have actually read the peace treaty
iiicrv iingm not oe any mora dona, but
urerr wuuia oe legs saia. , v
Countries that go dry from now on
will have the advantage over the pio
neers in that line, , in that the recipes
au.wwn testea dv mis ume.
! " S - '.' '
Lieutenant Maynard, pastor-pilot win.
ner - of the American a.ir darhv. ii
probably now hava his choice of pulpits
or a vaudeville engagement. We have
an. idea' which would pay Jlm better
iinanciauy speaking, at least.
When It was merelv a. nuttatlnn r,t nut.
ting an undesirable tenant out of the
house, said tenant had a whole lot to
say about it. by law. But the device of
ejection by raisins: the rent seems to ba
a game with only one. player, the tenant
being merely the playee. -
IMPRESSIONS AND OBSERVATIONS
i - OF THE JOURNAL MAN
i . By Fred Lock ley V
(Judge ! William Packwood knew as much
about the long ago famous "Lost Soldier" quarts
ledge aa anybody on earth, and in this and a
succeeding article Mr. Lockley recites the story
of it as related to him by Judge Packwood
himself. This is one of the West's very bast
"lost mine" stories.
Some of these days someone, will dis
cover the famous "Lost Soldier" quarts
lode. Some years ago Judge William
Packwood of Baker, one of Oregon's
pioneer miners, told me how this tains
was discovered, and lost The rich
Quartz ledge was found by a party of
soldiers ; under Lieutenant Stoneman.
They were out trying to locate a feasible
roadway between Port Orford and Jack
sonville. ! This was In 1852. They be
came lost in the Coquille mountains.
"They ran across the quarts ledge
late In August, 1852," said Judge Pack
wood. "They were short of provisions
and anxious to strike Cow creek or
Rogue river, so as to find their way out
to civilisation. Lieutenant Stoneman
told them to mark the place so they
could come back and find it later. Ross
McKenna, my buddy,' helped mark the
place. He and the other soldiers with
him girdled four big pine trees In the
form of a square. The trees were about
100 yards apart. They cut blazes on
the trees and wrote their - names on
the freshly cut wood. The enlistment
of many of the men In our company ex
plred the following year, in 1853.
"When I was mustered out of the
service, George H. Abbott, one of my
fellow soldiers, and myself took a claim
on Roland's prairie. This was in the
spring of 1854. Mr partner. George Ab
bott, with a man named Miller, decided
to look about the country a bit and see
what it looked like. They went up the
Itogue river, past the Big Meadows,
toward Grave creek, in the Jump-Off-Joe
country. While .-they were gone
George met two of the soldiers who had
been with us when our boys had found
the rich quartz ledge. These two men,
Schllsk and Schnedlcker, had a party of
about 10 or 12 men with them. The
party had started from Jacksonville and
for several weeks had been hunting
through the mountains from Grave
creek to Jump-Off-Joe. Both of these
men were careful, reliable men and had
us who are unenlightened, that we shall
have to ; remain Indoors after midnight
or we would find ourselves In the hands
of your minions, at Second and Oak
It seems that the Portland Press club
Intends holding midnight Jinks and
JlggB, too, maybe, perhaps. I trust they
an not all criminals, but I hope you will
hold your loyal legion in readiness for
the above occasion, to cope with any
serious situation that may arise.
PATRICK E. COLLINS.
Color Line With a Vengeance
Vancouver, Wash., Oct 16. To the
Editor of The Journal At last on sena
tor has fallen 'over a fact : yet It Is evi
dent ha doesn't know what It is. Lodge
senses danger in Japan's' imperialistic
alms, and danger there is; but It is diffi
cult to imagine how Lodge purposes to
lessen this danger by refusing to ratify
the peace pact. European statesmen see
danger In Japan's aspirations, but they
know that this danger can materialize
only through union between Japan and
China, and that while relations between
these nations remain strained the world's
peace Is comparatively safe.
In an ' attempt to descry future war
Senator Lodge looks toward the East
The direction is right but he Is short
sighted. Our next great Vonfllct (and
come It will) will be a color war. In
time China and Japan will be one, and
the motst powerful and compact nation
tions will lose all control over tfte
Asiatic and African races.
The East and West will, and shall,
meet, and in that day there shall be
"wigs on the gTeen and few to lift them."
And why should not the Edomite hope to
retrieve Esau's long lost but rightful,
. Advertising's Development
The amazing development, during the
emergency of war, of the value of ad
vertising for. every patriotic purpose
made a profound impression on the busi
ness man of the United States. As a re
sult an extraordinary impetus to adver
tising has been felt sine the close of
the war. much of this in directions in
which the value of publicity had not
been appreciated. .
In a thoughtful article on "Advertis
ing's Opportunity," by Roy Dickinson, In
the current issue of Printer's Ink,-we
are told : "Today advertising Is m the
presence of an even greater opportunity
to serve."' ; He believes that publicity in
the leading advertising1 mediums of the
country will 'aid m working out a fair
and equitable understanding between
capita! and .labor. Ha says that while
all sorts of agencies, from banks to
churches; have been told that they alone
can step in and save the country p its
need; the trouble Is that no attempt la
made to tie up with fundamentals, and
that the line of action suggested for co
operation IS most Indefinite. . '
Lutky Farm Boys J
From tbe Bead Bulletin.
In our items from Powell Butt this
week there appears a bit of news that Is
worthy pf more than passing mention.
U U to the effect that Povrelt Butte
NEWS". IN BRIEF
"TVtober In Oresron." truty asserts the
Euarene Register, "makes perfection it
self! look like a pale pink imitation."
Pendleton's -council has condemned
ail th wooden sidewalks in town and by
ordinance has provided for building new
V . . -
Sneakinr of matters perfectly, under
stood by Us local readers, the Bend
Bulletin says: "Cement walks and iron
water mains aenoia permanency. -.
The cltv council of North Powder
has perfused a - resolution amending the
charter to vote water bonds. Ths
amount of S30.000 Is asked for the) work.
"As this Is at present one of the greatest
needs of - ths town," predict tha La
Grand Observer's correspondent, ' "it
will be carried by a big majority.. -
Work has started on a temporary , the road crew in Umatilla count v last
wooden addition to Friendly hall dining week. county last
room at the University, the manage-; ,v . , . .
ment having decided that students for ! -..tf PUii J?nlarM h,a11' built from
this year cannot be accommodated in u,n,d?L,yAd y rP?p"lrB ubscfPton.
an v mother manner The addiUon wUlw,u b dedicated October 23 to the p
it ieoM T-HendrtckVK th , d the Weston-
Cell 4 9 jWIBlMIO. . Iiciiui ivraa "M j
women's building, has also overflowed
Into two rented annexes,
This pleasing picture is drawn. In the
concluding paragraph of a news article
in the. Roseburg Review on ths fruit
situation in that violnlty! "Every variety
grown in the Umpqu valley, with the
exception of the Ben Davis, Is being
taken bv the cannery. The Ben Davis,
it U stated, has mf annlng. value. Mod
em and up-io-datepnachinery has been
installed to ftld in fpreserving the fruit
in the toost Approved way. and tha rows
of shlrifcg tins of
reserved apples are
been good soldiers, but neither of them
was a woodsman or mountaineer, so they
failed to find the lost ledge. Most of
the soldiers, not being - miners, did not
attempt to find It.
"George and I several times thought
Of going ou to locate It, but we were
doing pretty well on Rowland's prairie,
and kept putting it off. In 1861 I was
ninnlna a Rforlc ranch on Rnchanted
prairie. That Spring someone told me
of some prospectors who had found the
soldiers' caniD. but they ha-1 n"' flls
covered the quartz ledge. Clint Collins
and I decided to local it. We Ment
about 60 miles and found, not far from
Cow creek, the old camp. Going back
to Enchanted prairie, on the middle
fork of the Coquille river, we packed
up a week's supply of grub, and re
turned. We struck the old camp, found
the girdled trees, one of which had been
blown down, and also found the blazes
where the names had been written, but
they were covered with pitch and had
grown over, so ws couldn't read them.
We found several mule shoes and some
brass buckles. We camped there and
-hunted inside the square formed by the
four trees, thoroughly, but failed to find
the ledge. We became "disgusted and
went back to Enchanted prairie.
"The next August I happened to be
looking down the trail one day when I
saw a man who looked very familiar,
coming up the trail, it proved to be
Msnley Martin. We had not met since
1854. As he came up he said. 'Well,
BUI, I hear you have located our sol
diers' camp.' I said, 'Yes. I found the
girdled trees and plenty of other evi
dence that you had camped there, but I
couldn't find any xjuartz.' He laughed,
and said, 'No wonder you couldn't. Take
me to the camp and I will show you
where the quarts Is.' 1 agreed to do
so, and began packing up things for the
trip. While I was packing our provi
sions Brown, a neighbor of mine, who
lived up Sandy creek several miles, hap
pened to pass. He knew I-had been
out with Collins in the spring and had
found the camp. He was very anxious
to go with us. I let him come, and
thus lost my chance of being In on the
location of the gold bearing ledge."
father has bought a small flock of sheep
for his boys and that, though hardly
In their "teens, they ars learning proper
How different from the sort of thing
that, according to farm experts, has
done so much to send boys from the
farms into the city. In too many In
stances the boy has been given a calf
or a colt which he has brought up and
cared for as his own, only to find,
when the animal began to have a com
mercial value, that his father claimed It
That so it Is said. Is one of the biggest
reasons why farm boys do not like to
stay on the farm, but escape to the city
just as soon as they can do so.
These Powell Butte boys' have a father
who knows how to keep his sons at
home and, at the same time, to give
them training in agricultural methods
that will mean success In after years.
It's a wise father and a lot of lucky
Berry Peculiar to tne West
From the Banks Herald
It is said positively that the loganberry
is peculiar to the West add more par
ticularly , to the Willamette valley,
where the best production vindicates
the assertion. , Be that Is it may. there
is a constant urging of owners of land
by buyers, canners and growers them
selves for increase tn acreage. There
Is i notable increase here of the Increase)
In the value of land planted to berries.
A logger, bought 12 acres last year and
this spring set seven acres out to logan
berries. This fall he was offered twice
the price that he had paid for the 12
acres by a loganberry grower. He re
fused the offer.
Curious Bits of Information
For the Curious '
Gleaned From Curious Places
Lace making was Introduced to Indian
squaws in 1890 by Sybil Carter, a dea
coness of the Episcopal church. accord
Ills' to the New York Tribune. Today the
Sybil Carter .Indian Lace association has
a store In New York which sells $12,000
worth of Indian work annually.
Bishop Whipple of Minnesota asked
Deaconess Carter to befriend the squaws
of his neighborhood, and she taught lace
making first to those around Duluth.
They took It up quickly and today lace
schools are maintained on 10 reserva
tions,' Exquisite examples of cutwork.
needlepoint and bobbin lace have received
gold medals at five expositions, and
squaws, without, neglecting their house
work, are able to earn $75 to $100 a year
by this work. They are not only getting
money, but those doing the work are be
coming brighter and cleaner and take
more of a joy in living than those con
tent to remain Idle.'
Oregon Began to Go Dry as Early aa
the Year 1852. . -
The passage of a prohibition law in
Maine in 1851 was reflected in Oregon
within a few -months. In -May, 1862, a
temperance convention was held In Sa
lem, attended by delegates from several
counties. The convention declared for a
Maine law for Oregon, and a committee
was appointed to confer with legislative
candidates to set their attitude on the
The Oregon Country
Northwest .Happenings' in Brief rotra tot the
. . 'nusy Header.
Harold Howell, a 14-year-old 'boy, has
been Indicted for murder In connection
with the killing of Lillian Deuthold of
Bandon last spring. v i
One thousand pounds of mint oil was.,
consigned Saturday by different growers
around Eugene to Portland, and most of
them are expecting $10 a pound.
Grading contracts have been awarded1
for a four-mile extenuion of the Oregon,
California Eastern railway from Its
terminus at Dairy to Hlluebrand.
T. G. Armitage, an employe of the
Mountain States Power company at Its
big plant at Dallas, was Instantly killed
by coming in contact with a high-power
I. W. W. literature found In the vi
cinity of Pendleton is believed to explain'
the strike whhh InM off nn ...
Sixteen cases will be rnady for the
supreme court when It meeta In Pendle
ton October 27 for the semi-atinual -
Ion there. Two of these only are from
Oregon City school bonds to -the
amount of $35,000, authorised by the
voters several weeks go, were pur
chased by Devereaux k Cn of Portland,
bringing a premium of $178.63.
After being given up as lost, a victim
of the Lusltanla. LeRoy o. Stelnke. a
ressldent of Catlow Valley, has returned
to his home in Harney county after serv
ing two years in the heavy artillery In
France and Germany.
Reports received by tha fire marshal
indicate that the fire prevention cam
paign which 1 now in progress in East
ern Oregon has thus far proved a great
success, snd plans are under way' to ex
tend the drive to other parts of the state.
Two hundred carloads of apples dally
are being loaded and dispatched to
easteru markets from Wenatchee.
The strike 'of timber workers In the
mills and woods of the Inland Kmpire
has reduced production about 50 per
E. A. Hartwell was fatally Injured
Saturday while working as a faller at'
the Morse shingle mill, four miles eaat
Boot and shoe repair workers of
Spokane went on strike -Saturday. They
ajk for $86 a week pay and recognition
of the union.
Compensation paid out to injured
workmen of Washington In the year
ending September 30 totaled $596,11-7.
Claims awarded numbered 11,803.
Thomas Duffy has ordered the equip
ment with which to start a match fac
tory at Winlock. The plant will be In
operation within the next (0 days.
Work has been started on two new
apartment houses at Wenatchee, and
already applications have been made by
enough tenants to fill them twice Over;
.With one exception,' all - the women
members of the Yakima Jury panel for
court cofnmenuing mis week nave exer
cised their privilege and declirtod to
At a meeting of teachers held at
Centralia last week a teachers' league
was organized, the object being to ralnn
standards and salaries in the teaching
Chehalis school directors, by a vote
of 108 to 39, have authorized the di
rectors to issuo serial bonds totaling
$32,000 with which to redeem outstand
The United States shipping board
steamer Delight, with five carloads or
rifles In its cargo, left Seattle Saturday
W. C. Garfield, city editor of the
Walla Walla Bulletin, has been named
as secretary to Congressman J. W. ,t
Bummers, to succeed C. IU. JSverlll of
Cle Elum, who will return to newspaper
The Gilbert Hunt manufacturing plant
at Walla Walla, which has long been
idle, has been sold to the H. H Harris
Manufacturing company of Stocktou,
Cat., who will immediately reopen the
plant with a large crew for the manu
facture of threshers nd farm ma
The Twin Falls Commercial club, so
long disbanded, has . been reorgatiir.cd
under the name of the Twin Falls Cham
ber of Commerce.
After a conference with governors of
other states. Governor Davm has called
an irrigation congress of delegates from
12 western states to meet at Halt Lake
November 21 and 22
The .north and south highway, the
only motor outlet to North Idaho and
the Inland lOmplre. will be closed to
traffic November 16 until far into next
Howard J. Brare of Boise, chief clerk
in the state highway department has
been appointed stale innurance com
missioner, to succeed W. It, Hyatt re
signed. The Lewis-Clark post of the American
Legion has agreed to lend every effort
to keep away from LewiKton radical
speakers and agitators with tendencies
Officers are on thv hunt for the per
son reeponslble for the death of Daniel
O'Connell, an aged sheep herder, who
was found brutally murdered in hut
tent near Kuna ou October 14.
O. P. Hendershot, secretary of the
State Fair association, has been In
dicted for manttlaagrtter for the alleged '
killing of Michael Morrlx, who died a
few days ago -from 'the effects of belnjff
struck by Henderahot during an alter
cation, on the fair grounds.
Petro Pierre, a member of the I. W.
W.. haM been foued guilty at Leaven
worth Kan., on a charge of threatening
the life of th president.
The demobilization of the French
army, it is announced, la virtually com
pleted. 101.000 -officer and 4,32,000 men
having been mustered out
The personnel of the British navy will
be reduced to 60,000 men when the Unit
ed States ratifies the peace treaty. The
pre-war strength was 114,236 officers and
The policy of his predeceMor In striv
ing for peace In cooperation with Uie
president of the republic will be fol
lowed by Chin Yung Peng, the new Chi
The transport Logan ha arrived at
San Francisco from Vladivostok- tarry
ing 1271 members of the Twenty-seventh
and Thirty-first Infantry regiments, re
turning home after 15 months service
Uncle Jeff Snow Says :
This Idee of Jumpln' alt over a farmer
fer hoardln' grain Is all right mebby;
but what about the feller hoardln' land
and lettln' noboddy raise grain onto It
millions " and millions at acres of UT
Old Hayseed worked and sweat to raise
that grain, but God Almighty hutself
made the land.
The Journal Excels inNews
Service From Washington
The Journal affords its growing
family of readers a superior news
service from Washington, D. C. ,
. The Journal Is the only Portland
newspaper to maintain a correspond
enf at the national capital 1 whrse
services are exclusively demoted to its
Interests. Other Portlands newspa
pers share Washington correspond
ents with Washington and California
newspapers. , '-"'"-'a-
The David Lawrence dally news
letter, interpreting some ; national
topic of moment-appears exclrol
ly in Oregon In The Journal. . .
In addition the daily report, of the
Washington bureaus of three tele
graphic news services are available
for Journal readers. - - -