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About The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972 | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1919)
THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL, P GOTLAND, , FPJbAY, JULY 1CV lZi:
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DAILI (1I0RMMO OB AFTEEN0ON) AND
On nw,.M.IT.l r ota aaeart....;S
law and equity an two thin which
God hath Joined, but wfcfck nB hath put
NOW OR NEVER
HE principal products of the Co-
1- lumbla , river basin are agricul
tural. Their markets foreign
and - domestic are at some dis
' tance from , the point of production.
-Yf The .. production', far exceeds local
needs, , and the price is fixed by
- market situated elsewhere.. Under
. normal conditions the price of wheat
; is determined by7 the Liverpool mar
ket. The price the farmer in ihe
, Columbia river basin seeures for b!s
' grab) is ttie Liverpool price, lesa all
. charges, which lncl de , the sost of
, transportation of the grain to market
and no more. This la the situation
, with - respect to substantially all
: grain produced In the Columbia river
: ftasln, even though It be -not sold to
f Liverpool. The producer, therefore,
is directly interested In, and affected
: by, the ; freight rate, and demands
- the . lowest reasonable . rate to the
' nearest tidewater; point. While he,
of . course, wishes for all possible
J. competition, hej knows by experience
. that neither Seattle nor' Portland but
. Liverpool fixes the price he receives
" for wheat. He" knows that'ctmpetl
:.tion between loral bdyers has but
' little effect on the price the farmer
receives for his : grain, and further
knows that lowering of - the ; freight
y Tate through the Columbia fateway
; would give bira a competition such
as he - never had before, because it
would force Puget Sound to bid more
strenuously In order to get its Uace
of Inland Empire grain.
The present rate structure deprives
the producers of the Columbia river
basin of the benefit of their ' geo
graphical location. The rates on grain
from the wheat belt of Eastern
' Washington .to the Sound have been
fixed by the; public service-comm's
sion of Washington and declared' by
it to be just and reasonable for the
, haul .over the Cascade mountains.
' The , rates Jo ' Portland from these
same points in the state of Washing
ton are the same as the rates fixed
by:; the Washington commission; to
. the Sound, and notwithstanding the
roule :. to, Portland scarries shorter
-distances and more favorable grades.
Unless this situation is changed the
' farmer of the Inland Empire will
be forever barred from receiving the
; benefits of reasonable rates based
on the cos; of service via the water
grade routes, and will for all time
to come be compelled to pay rates
based upon the mountain haul; to.
- the Sound. ' ' ..;. .:,.-
The - Northern lines, of course, de
, sire rates based upon their long
"haul and montainous route.
There can be nothing under the
law or under ; existing traffic con
ditions which ; can justify a rate
from Cewtston, or any other place
in the , Colijmbia river basin enjoy
; ing a water level route to '; tide
water being fixed or H controlled by
-the cost of aervtce from such, points
over a long and mountainous route
to. the Puget Sound. ,
; , The - M e d f o r d physician who
scrubbed the woodwork f his office
with 'gasoline and then,. pleased with
the result of his labor, lit his pipe,
with the natural result of burning up
hie - library. -wiU probably: avoid
bouaecleanlng, or do it with soap and
water the next time.
THE BIG SHOW
fm EVENTY miles must seem like a
long distance to the official of
ll the United States railroad ad-
- . mitustration wno defined that
distance as the radius from Portland
to which a rate ,. of a fare and a
third might apply on account of the
' Pacific International Livestock expo-
' sjtlon -in Portland next November.
- The official must have early be
come familiar with county fairs, for
he obviously judges the - exposition
on the county fair .plane.- What
should reach .hJs eye is that the
Pacific International L'lvestrek expo-
sillon ranks 1 second in size and lm
portance in the L'nited States and is
rapidly on the way . to first place.
H is not primarily a show of en-
tcrtainment, but a great exchange
- point for purebred livestock. It Is
u congress for one" of the splendid
, NO TIME FOR SLACKERS , :
rriRANSPdRTATION ; determines the development oit the
. J resources of any region." . .
A- They are the words of an emtnent authority. As here-
f .tofore related fn this series of articles, the same authority
laid "down fpur fundamental maxims relative to the influence of
transportation .on human affairs. -Here XSi-i
1 tiinaporutten affecu the cort of ran'thin: bought or aold by any lndlvWuaX
2- rT.porttln Htntta tha territory tributary to atradof any city.
J TranaporUUon dtermiie tha davalopment ot th r aaoua of any recm.
' 4 More than any other one thlnr. transportation the ahare obtained by
any city or trade .territory of the commerce of. the world.
It is the third maxim that is under discussion here. If there
were no way to move the lumber to market, no sawmill industry
could survive in Oregon. The timber would remain standing or
be destroyed; by forest. fires. . A great resource would remain
It is because he knows that there will be railroads or ships to
move his prunes or. apples, to points where distant, consumers can
buy them, that an. Oregon farmer sets out an orchard. , There
would be no. use to grow tberh if, there wer no: transportation:
The rule appliesVtathef rHanufacturing,. mining and, every other
activity irom whidj marketable products are derived. : "Trans
portation determines the development of " the " resources of any
region." . -' , '
The freight rate is the determinative factor intall transporta
tion. It lowers the cost of things sold and increases the cost of
things bought. If it is too high, industry languishes. ; Transpor
tation is the life or death of cities and communities.
Effort to lower freight rates and encourage the development of
the resources of the Columbia river hinterland is on. The hearing
of the issues takes place before the Jnterstate Commerce commis
sioners in-Portland next week.
i Everyndividual, every newspaper and every public .body in
this region ought to be fighting in the front line.
movements for the betterment of
agriculture!; H Is1 worth millions of
dollars in I the development of the
West. It ought ? to have rate en
couragement Instead of rate blight.
In Bnrland it ts lawful for a uAn
to marry hia alter-ih-law--after his
wife ia dead, of oourae tut unlawful
for a woman to marry toer brother-in-law
at any stare of the game.
There la no statute, bo far as stated,
which provides a punishment for the
man who marries his mother-in-law.
Probably the old common law con
sidered it sufficient to Just let nature
take its course. '
k v mi i us MAKE SURE
N CONNECTION with tne state
road" Work now la progress ; yie
question arises as to whether suf
ficient consideration is being given
to future traffic which will demand
much more substantal .construction
than does the traffic of the present
day...'- ; '. ' ' .
There is a demand from every sec
tion for Immediate road improve
ment. The public? will, not wait, In
meeting this demand there ,1s a
great danger that permanency will
be sacrificed to mileage. -Jn border
to make a showing or- a large
number of ; miles b-ulit; tie important
factors of drainage! and base are
liable to be overlooked. The result
would be in a. few years broken
up oads ; and millions of dollars
wasted. Far better is it to build
ten miles of road properly, than ten
hundred miles improperly.
After everything is said about road
making, the fundamental fact is
drainage and then more drainage.
If ! the road bed is not properly
drained it will break tip under
traffie even under a rock or. concrete
base f indefinite thickness. , It does
not. make any difference , what kind
of a surface is given it, the water will
eventually; penetrate the road and
Specific I examples of neglected
drainage by the state highway de
partment are . the - Rex-Tlgard road
and the stretch in Clackamas .county
between New Era. and Canemah. The
same condition is apparent in Mult
nomah coujjty 1 construction on the
St. Helens road.
In these; eases the grade was 'not
properly : drained before the pave
ment was laid. 'The water got under
the pavernent and the base gave way.
The condition of these roads also
emphasizes the necessity of , lettinjg
t grade be hammered under one
or two years storm and traffic
before it J is surfaced with an ex
pensive pavement.: This lying in
period will develop all the weak
places in 5 the grade. It will ' show
where more drainage is needed. -
In l behalf of the atate highway
depai tment it is due it to say that
it adroltv that mistakes v. have., been
made -nd that it is trying to profit
thereby. ;More attentlqn is paid to
the essential of dra'nage and,moe
consideration is given the 5 lesson
Representative A. S. . Smith of
Baker has established a new, legis
lative reoord, 5 for, after fathering ' a
bill and securing its enactment Into
law, he now advises the attorney
general ; that it is unconstitutional.
Xiots of legislators' father'unconstltu
tlonal statutes, but no one heretofore
has had the courage to admit it.
' . OLD SOL '
fjfHE sun is a magician and a mis
I . chief: maker, lie caresses the
1 dark earth and it blossoms into
a soore ' of gentle op vivid shad
Ings of each , of the primary " colors.
He rests : against the gray loud and
leaves a I rainbow there. He paints
the blush, on the apple and the pink
on the cheek of the peach. He calls
forth the life from the' seed in' the
clod and makes , the grain succes
sively green, yellow and russet until
it falls' before the sweep : of the
mower. He ripens the hay in the
-meadow a and ; sweetens . the perfume
of .the clover. He quickens the life
of everything that lives.
And, having done all these things
that are good and a : blessing to
mankind,? his rays paint stripes of
red upon the backs of truant swim
mers ant. betray, them ' to parental
discipline and cold cream. . He clasps
the - forearms of amateur harvesters
until they burn and blister and Shed
their : skins like snakes. He shines
upon the water and the. '.wader with
dazzled eyes steps into.- the ; deep
hole of which he knew not. He radi
ates gratuitous cordiality from houses
and pavements and beads with, rer
spiratloc the thoughtful brows of
those who deem it wrong and a re
proach : to , sweat -outside a Turkish
bath. He streaks. -and 1 shames, the
cheek that strove artificially to at
tain the: tjnting of the peach, and
laughs " at : cumbrous gowns donned
for " appearance'sake. J
As a magician. Sol is a wonder; as
a mischief: maker he .surpasses - a
million Pucks. ' -
- "If the League of Nations had been
the work of Charles B. Hughes and
the product of a Republican admin
istration, can you Imagine what The
Journal would have done?f is a query
by the ' Medford ? Mail-Tribune, -r a
newspaper that began to decay when
George Putnam ceased to be' ita pub
lisher and editor. The League of Na
tions was proposed by William How
ard Taft; a Republican, and with that
Republican erisin was advocated by
The Journal - long before- President
Wilson declared for iU ; 'The Mall
Tribune's ignorance and Unfairness,
as above exhibited, explain why it
has gone into decline. t
AS Lee Roy E. Keeley no sense
of shame? . ; . '
How; far can the law and the
courts be used by him to, un
justly deprive a widow of her dead
husband's death money? -
Mrs. pibbern tsstif led ; in - a Salem
court that T Keeley told her ; that it
she accepted the workmen's compen
sation award he would see to it that
she did not get a cent of compensa
tion for the death of her husband,
who was accidentally killed in
Portland shipyard. - , '
In that court . Keeley has a suit in
which he seeks to compel the indus
trial accident commission to sue Mrs,
Dibbern for return of the 14000 death
money . paid her by the commission,
His purpose is to get a 11600 law
yer's fee out of the 14000. ; ..
Is there another lawyer in , Oregon
who would be willing to "do what
Keeley is trying to do ?
New York lawyer who recently
attempted to collect ; a workmen's
compensation award on a 50-00 basis,
was denounced' by the appellate di
vision of the supreme ; court of . the
state, and the. profession was given
warning that such practice y law
yers in future would not be eounte-
nanced, but would be punished. The
We think It i our duty to warn
the profession that we reaard such
conduct, or the use ef any means
which wit nay devise by . which a
larger part of the recovery shall go
to an 'attorney than , that fixed bv the
commission, . as improper, unethical
and descrying- disciplinary action, j
Keefcy's " conduct is more repre
hensible, because he-isjtrying to take.
ine woman s money away from her,
after It has - been paid her ': by the
commission created by the people to
make awards in Industrial accidents
without payment of fees to lawyers.
How long are the courts of Ore
gon , to be used by Keeley p to perse
cute the widow in his : effort to
get a 11600 lawyer's fee out of her
S4000 of death money?-:-
How long is the bar association
going to permit the profession !o be
shamed and scandalized? ,
. 1 . . .1 ., f . .
- v .
wvtuyujr xa jtterormea, a
glaring headline in the current news
informs us. With all due regard for
the verity of the press, wa think
there must be some mistake some
whe"re. ' , . , .
THINK TOGETHER r
t-HlNK together. " ' " ;
It is a creed for every Port-
ianaer. ; '
It is s precept for every ciU-
zen or tne CoIumbVa basin,
Think together and the Columbia
basin , rate, case will be woh., The
Columbia water grade will receive
long deferred recognition. A rate
differential favorable to the interests
of the Interior and- the ports of the
Columbia will be granted.
Think together and commerce will
extend to world . ports. Railroads
will pour out the wealth of the In
land Empire at the, doors of the
city. Shlpo wiir fill the harbor. !1 In
dustry will wax mighty and business
become a power. , - ' ?
Think together and natural advan
tages wiU ; be - capitalized. Alert
scheming, intrigue and propaganda
by Tcompetltor cities will be futile
Portland will take the place to which
she is entitled. Ports of .the Co
lumbia will command the trade' of
the great Pacific Nortbwesf.
Think together and petty bicker
ings will hush. People will pull
together, work together and fight
together. No good thing cad be
WHAT IS THIS
Masterly Analysis ef the Great New
Charter of World - Peace. . :
as Editorial by Htalltqs Holt la thm Jaoqicsdca
- Now that the president has come home
bringing with him the peace treaty In its
final form for ratification, the obligation
ot action shifts from the executive to the
legislative branch of the covernment.
The president has done his part under
the constitution. Th senators nnist. now
do theirs. ;
And what. then, is this peace treaty?
It is a -voluminous document of about
75,000 words framed by the representa
tives of SO nations working conscien
tiously and patiently for 15 weeks. Con
sidering the magnitude, and complexity
of the problem to be solved, and the
vital interests affected, the conference
Completed , its tabors in a marvel ou sly
short time, for it should- be remembered
that the average length of all previous
peace conferences since the end of the
Thirty Tears' war In 1648 has been 15
months. ;- . .
The treaty is naturally a compromise.
It has pot completely satisfied any na
tion, and it ought not to, for -almost
every delegation demanded things at the
peaoe table It ought not to have had. As
Benjamin - Franklin said in the last
speech of his life made before the con
stitutional convention In! 1717. When
you assemble a number of friends - to
have the advantage of their Joint wis
dom, you Inevitably assemble with those
men all their prejudices, their passions,
their errors of opinion, their local inter
ests and their self ish vlewa" Neverthe
less, considering the special idiosyncra
sies of each nation, and knowing tome-
thing of the difficulties at Paris from
first hand observation, I am convinced
that the peace treaty is beyond all ques
tion the best that could be obtained un
der the circumstances, and I am quite
certain that Senators Knox Lodge, Bo
rah, Johnson and Reed, bad they been
the representatives of the United States
at the conference, could not have1 done
so well as President Wilson and his col
leagues. j '.? .-?.;.:' " ;
The treaty has two great . nurnosea.
First, 4t purposes to stop the great war.
Second, it purposes to stop all war. But
these two purposes have been so inex
tricably intertwined that it is not be-,
yond the bounds of truth to say that the
treaty is the covenant and the covenant
la the . treaty. There have been many
who have deplored this amalgamation,
but the decision was officially made the
first week of 'the conference that the
"league should be created as an integral
part ef the general treaty of peace."
and the conference has proceeded on that
theory ever since. W can. of course,
amend r reject the treaty because of
this provision, but to demand that the
whole work at Paris should be done over
again because we now think there might
have been a wiser sequence, is as pre
posterous as it is impractical. I cannot
understand the mental attitude of some
advocates of the treaty who apologize
for it while giving it their general support.--
Of course here and there selfish
provisions were bound to creep in. Of
course the League - of Nations is only
the foundation upon which the super
structure or the international edifice
will be erected eventually. But the treaty
has within it the means of its own per
fecting, and having once begun we can
keep on building. But even as it stands
the treaty is an admirable document.
Ex-President Eliot is quite right when
he says,- 'The treaty is by far the most
promising agreement among the freer
and more progressive nations that has
ever been worked . out," This must be
perfectly clear for the following rea
sons: . - v
, - " f ..
The treaty has shorn Germany of her
power to subdue by force her .neigh
bars. It has thus made the world a safe
place for those nations whq would live
In "peace within their wo reservations.
It has compelled Germany to make sub
stantial restoration for the crimes she
has committed. This is Justice to Ger
many and Justine to her enemies. : It has
provided a. probation officer to see that
Germany carries out the Indeterminate
sentence imposed upon her. : How other
wise could the treaty be guaranteed? It
will not execute itself.
It has liberated -subject peoples and
iset them up under democratic forms of
government. Witness Poland, Finland
Czecho-Slovakia, Jugo-Slavia and the
other new republics. It has restored
ravished territories to their rightful own
ers and has redressed many of the great
wiuugB pvrpeiraiea oy autocracies.
It has created an assembly tit th
tions, representative in character, that
snsji. meet at "stated intervals,' and
aeai witn any "matter affecting the
peace or the. warti"; This Is the begin
ning or me "jrarnament of Man." at
has created a council of nine with ade
quate powers to supervise the fnterna-,
tionai realm and all matters "within the
sphere of action of the league," This U
tlie germ of the international exnraitfv
It has provided, means fop'-the creation
of a permanent court of international
Justice. For the first time in history
sanctions are provided,or the carrying
It 'has made peace the active concern
of all nations and, has brought interna
Unai aw irom oui me oarK -i ages
where. war was a perfectly legal method
of settling disputes. - War le now made
a crime against tne society of nations
and the society of nations will Jointly
prosecute tne aggressor. -
It has recognised the Monroe doctrine
as the law of the league. This Is m. trii
umph for our delegates i at the .peace
conterenoe tnac no one couJd - have be
lieved possible a year eg. It has pro
vided a method for tie reduction of ar
mamenta and armies and for the -rrobli.
cation ef military, naval and air pro-
grama, u ctmea out this in Itself will
make war hereafter .almost Impossible.
It has established a boycott against any
nation violating tne peace ot the world
Thus, for the first time," the great force
of economic pressure' will be brought into
play to preserve peace.
It bas recognised women as having
equal rights witn men in ail international
affairs. Thus sex equality Is recognised
long before it has gained universal ac
ceptance in the,: international affairs of
. ; e ... -
nations. It has established' methods for
the securing ef fair and humane treat
ment for labor, that of women and chil
dren no less than men. This is the new
Magna Charta of the worklngman.
It has abolished wars ' of conquest
against weak and backward peoples,
whose welfare hereafter shall be a
"sacsed trust of civilization." How bleed
ing Armenia, the Congo, and .all those
who have suffered unspeakable barbart-'
ties from the oppressors will rejoice, it
baa provided means for the control and
prevention of diseases and th promo-,
tfcn of the work of the Red Cross. This
will be an Incalculable boon to mankind.
It ha established international bureaus
to administer such scientific and other
matters of common interest aa may be
agreed upon. Thus science will be in
ternationalised. It has abrogated all secret treaties in
consistent with the peace treaty Here
after there will be no parceling out of
the destinies of peoples by berlbboned
bureaucrats sitting behind closed doors
about the conference table. -- 'r'
- The treaty, it Should be " added, 'has
not created a world state or limited the
sovereignty of nations. : It has not pre
served th status quo, or prohibited op
pressed minorities to - free themselves
front unjust conditions by revolution.- It
bas not put the United States in a posi
tion where It can be coerced by -an ad
verse majority, for all action is by com
mon consent. It has not affected the
constitutional, right ef congress te de
clare war or In any ; way - exceed the
treaty power under the constitution. It
has not interfered in the domestic af
fair of any nation, i ; ';.;"'a;.:.... s
This is the pact that our president bas
brought home to us. . It is the first great
practical attempt' to substitute coopera
tion for competition on earth.. Will th
American people permit their servants1
the senators of (the United State to
emasculate it or reject it and thus throw
the world back to the old prewar days of
alliances, secret diplomacy, colossal ar
maments and inevitable wars?. It la. for
the people to decide, i j r,A ;
l Communications saet ite- The JonrnU for
publication is tals- aepertaeat aboald be written
oa only on tida of ta paper, anouid aot exceed
800 words in leocth, and But be aisned br the
writer, wboae mail addraaa in full aatut aoeom-
pany tfte contnDuUen. J -. ;
"Ah Equal Right to the Earth
Portland, July 17. To the Editor of
The j oumal The words of the president
of the United States in presenting the
treaty to the senate. July 10. , will go
down in history- as. one of th . epoch
marking Incidents of- this age. Some of
his words are equal In Importance and
eloquence to the famous Lincoln Gettys
burg speech, and. in fact. -may be con
sidered an extension of the Gettysburg
speech to world affairs.. Here are the
most important: "For the United States
to -reject it, would break the heart of
the world," "American Isolation ended
20 years ago,wTth the war with Spain,'?
"The stage is set ; the destiny disclosed.
It has come' about by no plan of ours
but , by the hand of God, who has led
us Into this way. t We can not turn
back. . We can only go forward, with
lifted eyes and freshened: spirit, to fol
low th vision.M
What vision did! the president aee?
Merely a political compact of nations?
Or was it the final triumph of economic
democracy, in which America would in
deed be the leader? Thia i the only
vision worth while. The collapse of the
eld world . institutions . does not mean
that they will now lead th world in
democracy. They have yet to learn po
litical democracy. 1 We have not yet
perfected political i democracy, but we
are nearer perfection in Oregon than in
any other state on e&rth. America can
set the pace for the world, but Oregon
ha set the pace for America. .Will
Oregon takS the ( next leap forward,
which means nothing short of the adop
tion of the full George theory without
frills? Then- Indeed will America have
fulfilled its mission. For democracy.
as we now present it to the world, Is a
tragedy,.and we have no moral right to
bold our banner high to beckon the op
pressed Of earth, so long; as we present
such monstrosities in th unequal dis
tribution, of wealth as springs from th
monopoly of th -earth in America? We
will not long be the leaders, morally
or politically, unless -wo practice what
we preach, namely, the equal rights of
all to life, liberty and happiness which
means, an equal right to the earth.' -;
I i J. R. HERMANN. -
- Warns AoalnstfSuper-Ef fieleney
Portland, - July 14. To ' the Editor ef
The J ournai Now; that the last ead
rites have been performed and John
Barleycorn Is at' rest, the big efege
guns are being hurried to the front.
their muaales pointing at tobacco, tea
and coffee, aed probably nut sundaes,
root beer and sarsaparilla. We were in
formed in a recent; article that the big
financiers are behind the movement 1
also that the primary object of t I to
produce greater efficiency. : The ques
tion arises. To what use will the' effi
ciency when developed be put? One
cannot help thinking, of the wonderful
efficiency of Germany during the last
quarter of a century or more. Look
back at her during the war. What
savage i spectacle I . look at her now.
Efficiency is a very desirable quality.
but if it is. not used in an Ideal way it
may destroy vs. i If the barons of ft-.
nance are seeking to make us all -effi
cient merely to. grind fatter dividends
out of the masses. It may prove more of
a curse than a blessing. Let us be sure
that this proposed; efficiency Is not
manifestation of ! malignant selfishness,
remembering the while thai in the pres
ent new cycle wei are living under much
swifter cosmic vibrations than hereto
fore, and effect will follow cause more
rapidly. .Wisdom : and ; good Judgment
plentifully mingled: with selflessness are
necessary at this ; period or we may
steer a course toward a recurrence of
those very world tragedies that think
ing. farseelng people are bending every
energy to prevent. - f "
-. m. 1 11 1 1 ...i e . 1 1. ..v-V
i ' Misquotations HI
- Harry Ayree in the Bariaw
No book has. contributed more to the
general stock of misquotations than-the
Bible.' No book exist in such a multi
tude of forms, which may account "for
some of the popular departures from the
wording ot- to King James version.
But it is not easy to supply reasons for
most people's habit of saying ."In the
sweat of thy. brow.? when the text reads
"In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread.": Why "the parting of the ways"
instead of the fparting of the way?"
"Bone of my boae." instead of "bone ot
my bones and flesh, ef my flesh may be
due to the desire for perfect parallelism.
And the same explanation may hold for
"Thus far shalt thou come, but no
further." instead t "Hitherto shalt thou
come." But why the general preference
for "better part," when we are expressly
told that "Mary hath chosen that good
part"? The Vulgate, for whatever rea
son.' says "the best part" opttmam
partem often cited Jn the Middle Ages
in proof of the superiority of th con
templative life, as represented by Mary,
ever the active life, symbolised by Mar
tha. But pparently no such contrast
was originally intended, i Why. 1 again,
"a multitude of 'sins'j when it is said
of cbarity that it "ahaL cover the multT
tuce of sins"? Perhaps there-, ia no
other reason save that the tongue is an
unruly member ; such at .least the world
agrees to ceil It, though the Biblical text
describes it as "an unruly evil."
Letters From the People l
COMMENT AND NEWS IN BRIEF
. . .
And what have the roosters rot to say
on this daylight saving . question?
TTvn it tottS dUf wln tlia': war. It
needn't be so awtullr stuck up about It,
John Barleycorn Is banished, but.
thank heaven, John Green corn still
abides. . .
e t e
The fish - that rets away Is always
overslsed. as these automobll fellows
wouia ay. .
One ef theirreatest eonrs ever writ
ten was "Th Good Old Summer Time."
don t you think?
Caruso I loser ef SO barrel of win.
But he lost 'em in Italy, not America
where a loss, la a loss.
Chart tv berlna at home ' nut It baa
always had th habit of hurrying away
iroro u aoout as last as u can travel.
Jay XX. House, the estimable oolyumlst,
says the reason woman cling to her
husband I because, he' here.-. Rhake.
Jay. Weill', say - we're not conceited.
"With fewer morons to handle them,
fewer revolver would be nuaused in
Chicago." say the Daily News. Do you
know what a moron is? Well. Ionic In
the dictionary and see, and: if you are
not one you'll agree you have a lot to
oe inanKiui ior. 4 - -
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE JOURNAL MAN
I With this article Mr. ieeMey iatrodaeea aa
Interestin aariea of sU ia which a Bember of
the yUOx rtcimect of asarinea talla what he
and liia comradea did and eadurad ta the steal
operations that proved the final enabiag ef the
Uennaa jniUtary power. I
Raymond George of Portland was
member of the famous fighting - Second
division. Recently we sat in his room
at the Y. M. C A. in Portland and he
told me of the work don in Franc by
th marines. ---' '
"I was 25 years old on June S4, he
said. "I was born at BlUings. Mont.
My father, W. B. George, came to Mon
tana in the days of the stag coach and
pack: train. That was 5 or 40 years
ago. .1 enlisted at Butte, May 17. 1H7.
In the marine corps. X was sent from
Butte to Portland, where I passed the
examination and was sworn into th
service as a member of the 108 th com
pany. Eighth regiment, marine corps.
Front Portland 1 was sent to Mar Is
land, where I stayed until September
17. We were sent by way: of the Pana
ma canal to Norfolk, Va, From there
we were sent to the eastern training
camp of the marines at Quaatico, Va.
We had been there two weeks when, we
received a hurry call on night to get
ready to go aboard a transport, There
was certainly some tall hustling for the
next few hours.- Within an hour or so
we were : aboard the transport. It
pulled out that night. We supposed, of
course, we wer bound for France. W
Were greatly interested in the armored
cars which were being loaded aboard
the ship. We thought we should soon
be - foUowlng them over the French
landscape after the Germans. When w
haw put to sea, we were told we were
bound . for Tampico, Mexico, to. quell
the anticipated trouble there. W were
eight days at sea. V We anchored ' off
Tampico, but "things quieted down, so
we returned to Galveston and went into
camp at Fort Crobkett. We went
through the most strenuous kind of
training for four months at Fort Crock
ett, in trench work and other modern
methods of warfare.
-44 A call cam for 300 men from the
Eighth regiment to be used a replace
ments for the Fifth and Sixth regiment
of marines. Use instruction were that
no man was to be selected who had not
qualified as' a sharpshooter or better.
A you know, th grades of proficiency
run marksman, sharpshooter and ex
pert. I had qualified as an expert, my
score being 276 out of a possible 300,
All my life X have hunted elk and deer
in Montana, I have bandied a rlfl
sine I was . a little shaver. In addi
tion tov the marksmanship. It was fur
ther provided that the men chosen must
be selected after - competitive drill in
bayonet and signal work. Z waa a good
shot and quick with the bayonet, and
fair in signal work, so I was one of th
lucky S00 to be selected out of the 1500
to go to France. Our 300 pulled out on
May 1. 1918, for New York city. W
left New York city on th transport
Henderson.? Major General George A.
LeJeune. in command of the marine!
corps, was aboard. He certainly won
the love of the boys. X guess he was
th only major general in th army who
went to the front line In an automo
bile. I have an idea his reason for
going was to show the marines that he
was willing to take any risks they did,
"There were ia boats in our convoy.
We pulled out on May 24. On our war
over we met th ' transport Abraham
Lincoln. It was on it way back to th
United State for . more troop. We
were not far from it when it was hit
07 ' a torpedo. Signals were given to
the' ships in our convoy to slgzag.
Meanwhile our destroyers went at full
speed to where tha Lincoln had been
struck, to get the sub. Sailor, from
the torpedoed transport were in boats
, , .i , " 1 S" 1
Pioneers Exposed st Times to Perils
of Indian Warfare.
' Of the perils of the pioneers there is
no better Illustration than that of the
Getsel family. living near the mouth of
Rogue river. The settlers were having
a dance at Gold Beach on th night of
February 23, 1IS6, but none of the Geisels
were there. At midnight an Indian serv
ant of the Gelsel family returned to th
bouse after a visit to an Indian camp
several miles away. : He knocked at the
door for" admission and when Geisel
opened the door a crowd of savage over
powered him and with a blow on the
head felled him to the floor. Mrs. Geisel,
with an infant child and a 13-year-old
daughter were seized and taken away.
Three little boy were awakened end
killed. Despoiling the dwelling of its
most valued content the Indians de
stroyed it with fire, cremating the dead.
I - A New Treaty -' n " -
From the Baate Pert
At the Fourth of July elebration in
Rio Janeiro, in which th Commercial
association -of that city took part, a
treaty was signed likely to be of. Urge
importance, t This wa an agreement
between the association and. the Araeri
mui nhambar 'of Commerce , to i submit
all commercial differences between the
two " countries to arbitration. . lms
agreement is similar to those already
signed by the United States Chamber
of Commerce with th chamber of com
merce of Argentina and of . Uruguay.
r Under th new plan of action arbitral
Uon commissions are established in each
country, with representative of .both
chamber of commerce a-'.-, members,
and provision is made for. the appoint
ment of special arbitrators in event the
commission's ' decision in commercial
disputes la not satisfactory. It. Is ex
pected that the arrangements will re
sult in minimising commercial misunder
standings In legal procedure.
The treaties have no governmental
correction, and mo, happily, they do
not' depend upon senatorial . whim for
their ratification.' They can and will
do good, even if they are unofficial.
conditions iu Eugene liave about ar-
rtvea ax uie point wn u "
to have a home is to buy one, ;
. . .. . . - -
.- .i.w m.f.in... TTnl and
do not throw up your bands even though
11 ts vaeauon ti mm, vworw, ,Tr.
Democrat. . is asy to make a hill to
business if you want to do It. - Better
stay on th job andkeep Uvings going."
"How sertously some of thos United
State senator do tsk bemselves."
pertinently exclaims the Polk County
Examiner, "Miles Poindexter of Wash
ington really believe he is pf preei
dential timber. A peanut aspiring to be
a cocoanuC" ' "
. . . . .: .
The tail goes with the hide, so far
as Colonel Clark Wood of the W eat on
Leader Is concerned. He says : "The
allied powers are pledged to safeguard
France which merely means that they
are likewise pledged to safeguard the
world's peace. : n. ; -
W. C. Toran. who Uves near Santa
Clara, in Lane county, claims the cham
pionship for arly sweet corn, having
used a dosen ears of his own growing
onr July 10. Be has melons setting on
the vine, and has been picking string
bean for a week. ; He secured extra
early vegetable by growing th plants
In berry boxes in his greenhouse and
then transplanting them, v
or on rafts and some wer swimming
around. Our destroyers dropped depth
bombs to get th submarine. X don't
know whether they got it or. not. The
explosions of the depth bombs . killed
many of the sailers from the Abraham
14ncoln who were In the water, w
picked up several of them. W wer
nearly half a mile away when the depth
charges exploded and our transport, the
Henderson, quivered like a glass ot
Jelly when you pour It out of its mold.
I'll never see a rat shaken by a terrier
that I won't think, of thb shaking we got
when th depth bombs exploded. ..
:i:v-'-W-'vt;: i .. " f
"W landed at-Brest early in June.
From there, after two days' rest, w
wer sent by box ear to Seileecher-Sur.
near Tours. X few days befor th
Germans had broken through at Chemln
des Dsmea They were headed for the
Marne. It looked a if it was going to
be a hard Job to stop them. Both the
French and British were up against it
fo- reserves. The First division of our
army had shown their mettle by ts king
Cantigny. The "Fighting Second' di
vision, to whlch-w were assigned, was
under General Bundy. ; He was given
orders to secure trucks and take his
men to Meaux. On June S the Second
division relieved the - French. They
faced the Germans who were holding
Belleau wood, r , Our ' boys decided - to
take th wood; as well as th little vil
lege of Boureseches. The Germans had
machine guns scattered all through the
wood. : They- also had artillery support.
and knew the ground thoroughly. The
lad of the Second division decided to
capture th wood. They stripped down
to their blouse and. with fixed -bayonet,,
shouting and yelling as they went,
charged the Germans. . , There . was no
stopping ; them.: The only Americans
that stopped were the ones that were
killed.- Many of our chaps, ' although
wounded, . continued to press forward
against th German machln gun nest.
Our replacement of 100 was split up and
sent to different companies of th Fifth
and Sixth regiment. I was one of a
group of 20 sent to' the Eighth company
of the Fifth regiment., This was a ma
chine gun company.. You know; of
course, th first Americans to meet the
Germans was a machine gun battery of
the Seventh battalion of the Third di
vision. - We Joined the Eighth company
of the Fifth regiment at Meaux, and
that night we went into the line. On
June 9 the Germans started their big
attack, and for the next several weeks
there ; was something doing all the
"I can give -.you some Idea' of the
fighting record 'of the marines when I
tell you that out ef the 8000 marines
engaged, 6500 were put out of commis
sion, being either killed or wounded.
The Eighty-fourth company . of the
Sixth regiment went in with 276 men.
O-v November 11, when the fighting was
over, , they had only three men who
: e " - ;
"After several days of heavy artillery
fire, w advanced for about two kilo
meters.' This was - in the Chateau
Thierry ;j district At times ' we had
hand to hand fighting here.- One of
th reasons for our heavy- loss was that
th " German outnumbered us at least
five to one in th air. That meant they
could direct their artillery fire where it
would be most destructive. Our own
artillery that of the Second division
was exceedingly effective, but the Ger
mans had a preponderance of heavy
guns. After advancing two days we
held the ground gained, for four or five
days, under incessant bombardment by
th If 5-millimeter Austrian gun and
other large caliber guns. We were also
steadily bombed by the German bomb
ing planes that came ever each night."
' Curious Bits of fnformation
For the Curious
Gleaned From Curious Places
. The postage stamp collector, the phila
telist, is in, a new haven of Joy. The
changed world is developing new stamps
and hundreds , have., already appeared
in. this country. - : -:
On of the prettiest of th stamps
1 from th new republic ' of Czecho
slovak!. ' Several - scores of varieties
have emanated since th dual mon
archy, i Austria-Hungary, disintegrated
under war pressure.
Jugo-Slavia also is in line with a
number of new stamp that deUght the
collector, and the Hungarian republic is
printing - zl different stamps for tem
porary use until a permanent series can
be decided upon.. Esthonla is In line
with at least four varieties. Livonia
has 11 new stamps ; Ukrania has a new
series and the republic of . Poland Is of
fering an unusual stamp with 10 varie
ties. .,- " S 1 .1 . . e
- - , . Jimmle Knew
Vn Boya Life
A teacher was InstrucUng a class in
English and called on a small boy named
-. "James," she said, "write on the board,
'Richard can ride th mule if he wants
: "Now, continued the teacher when
Jimmy had finished writing, "can you
find a better form for that sentence??
rYes. ma'am, I think I can," was the
prompt answer. "Richard can ride the
mule if the mule wants him to."
. Shoes for a Hide and Z
-. ' frets Capper Weekly
' A : Bourbon county farmer in Fort
Scott th other day with a new pair of
shoes under ! hi arm told the Tribune
editor that he had brought in a cow
hid and by adding f 2 to what he ob
tained from the sale of the bids he waa
able to buy the shoes.- f- -
' Willing to Sell- i
' - - frma the Beaton Transcript
"What are you taking for your cold?"
' "Make me an offer." - T '
The News in Parajrsphs
World Happenings Briefed for Lent :.t
of Journal Readers
"W T TT,, ari- . r . ..
2f i5 ,0roy?.weC Prostrated by the
severe heat of Monday. -H
" V. Verln an .waier
supply of Grand Konde valley.
niokir Uf f Pound being paid for
i.i,i,-.i,V' , 1 , . ln" isrownsvuie
nrtgbborhood, and pickers aro scare at
(?.lt-f!r. ."ring on th mlddl
' . .vw win uaa seen ournea
Th citizens of Rmif.
'fi nave voiea bi to 10 to retain
their charter and remain an incorporated
"Ann" T.mlm. tAku.ii. - . , . .
Of William KhUM. n ,u. . i. " . .
?Iffon PiOBrs, is dead at Creswell,
The viaptv chii...i. i-1
Vfeeka wa entertained at Aatoria
The sawmill belonging to George Kil-
lien, o fw mIu. u.i . . " -
.....iw ,wui ouvvriuxi. wain
destroyed by- fire last Sunday, causing
a loss of 15600.
Prospect for ufficlent care to move
this year's wheat crop are good at the .
Draaant tlm rm-i . ... i . : .
received at Pendleton.
ine j. f, jjamson home at Cottaee -Orove,
one of the landmarks and the
burned Tuesday afternoon.
J ;Af; Churchill, state superintendent
?!,?ubil?,ln"tryction'J1 lut issued the
cmuon 01 in uregon school laws
and copies are now being sent out-r
Lieutenant George I Batcheldsfv who
saw IS months of foreign service with
the Seventeenth aero squadron, has re
turned to his home at Hood River.
, In the alienation suit at St Helens ot i
J. E. Roblnette against James F. Klce
the Jury awarded Roblnntte 130,000 a
balm for the loss of his wife's love,
J3alem firemen and policemen hav pe
titioned, the city council to grant an in
crease in their wages to tlOO a rontn.
They are now receiving only 90 to (85.
Surveys are being conducted in the
Deschutes national forest to determine
what Umber lands may be traded by the
federal government to th Fremont Land
company. 4 .
The Smlley-Lampert lumber mill at
Warren ton, whloh ha been closed foil
some time, will again begin operations
In a few day with a payroll of 121,004
To escape collision-with a train, Mis
Margaret Hlntzen of Sheridan drove her
auto Into a 10-foot ditch. She escaped
unhurt, but her father suffered a broken -leg
and her mother serious injuries to
. The Prunarlans, a newly organlied
booster dub. will hold a prune harvest
festival at Vancouver In August.
Wilmot B. Hale, well-known piftneer
railroad man of the Northwest, died al
his home 'In Spokan Monday, aged 4.
Thomas P. Clarke has been appointed
to succeed W. H. Kirkpatrlck as super
intendent of th stat school for th deaf
According to reports from all the' ap-
Sle districts in the White Balmon region,
tie apple crop will be far short of the
The White Salmon Valley Fruitgrow
ers' association baa begun the erection
of a cold-storage building at Whit Sal
mon which will coat 110,000.
Th government has set aside $40,009
for expense. of fighting a forest fire that
has destroyed 80,000 acres of yellow pine
timber in the Thunder mountain region.
The Lewis County Pure Breeders' club
will hold Its annual picnic at Cheha.Ha
Saturday. Dr. E. O. Holland, president
of the Washington Stats college, will be
th principal speaker.
William Jarvls, a millworker, has been
arrested at Aberdeen on auaplcUn the.!
be ts the second man wanted in connec
tion with the murder of John Alberta,
mill foreman, two weeks ago-, . .
' -Y ' GENERAL
Eight persons were killed and 30
wounded in a riot Wednesday at Lucera,
In many portions of Texas th crop of
wheat this year will yield twice as much
as the value of the land.
General Pershing reports that at pres
ent there are only four American divi
sions in Europe, totaling 2(0,000 men.
The government Is preparing to ren
der financial aid to cattle producers of
the' country to stimulate beef produc
Reported discovery of platinum about
eight miles rrom Valdea. Alaska, has
developed a small stampede to that
California will harvest th lsrg
crop of hofs in Its history, and th
price Is 50 cents a pound, th highest in
Eighteen million dollars for the voca
tional training of Injured soldiers are
provided in an amendment to the sun
dry civil bill.
The United States destroyer Hart,
built at the Union Iron Works In Han
Francisco, is to be fitted out as a mine
planter for service In the Pacific.
Clifford Bell, a 12-year-old bey. waa
thrown from a hon. on his father';
farm, near Lewlston'Waho,' and died
frm the effects of a fractured skull.
The county court at Lewiston. Idaho,
Is considering the matter of bonding the
county for 1450,000 to build several
bridges across the Clearwater riven
Announcement Is mad, by the war
trade board that individual licenses tot
the importstlon of tin ore and tin con
centrates will not be necessary in th
Resumption of mall service between
the United States and Germany, ef fotl
ive Immediately, ia announced In an
order Just issued by the postofflce de
partment. ' Widespread rumors of total crop fall,
ures tn Montana are denied by the state
commissioner of agriculture, who say
good yields are expected in many Un
The supreme court of NebraaVa haa
decided that the Omaha A Council
Bluffs Street Railway company may '
charge such street caf fares as wi.l
make the company secure (fom insolv
Uncle Jeff Snow Says :
The Schlagmeler boys baai found out
there's sich a thing as overload in' 'ol
the patience of a motorcycle same an
fer a mule. Th motorcycle runs off
th turn of th road and spill half a
dosen kid down th hill, while the nrale
under leh provokin bucks 'em ff-lii the
road. Therefor you might think the
Schlagmeler ranch was a hospital, but
I told Mrs. Schlagmeler she had orter
b thankful it wasn't a morgue. .
Opportunities for Saving
. Were Never Better
fSterfea ef achievement te fbe' mttnawm
. tattoo ef Wa avlaca Steaapa. aent to 'In
Journal and aroopted tot publication, wul
be swarded a Zbnit Stamp.
It is the habit of steady saving
that counts. .
Th sums laid by may be small,
but If they are continually added to
they go more rapidly than might be
imagined. Schwab, Rockefeller, Car
negie, Marshall Field, George Weat
Inghous and James J. Hill all start
ed saving on small incomes, and aav.
Ing opportunities wer neither ao
easy nor o generous In their day
they ar now. Not on of them
but would hav rejoiced at an oppor
tunity, while he was getting his start
to save through the purchs, r t
Thrift Stamps and War tUvIrr: t
Thrift Stampe and 119 V?tr r.. .-
Stamps ao es a at uku .1 i.