The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, July 17, 1919, Page 1, Image 1

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9 vil -
4 I
and .uuiAA-x -
Tonight and Frt-
I". :
. day . fair; north-
'. WPef.frlv wlnrts
41 V
' trrT If Vtrm TkY" 11 ' ? Entered ma Beond.eH Mtt
V Potoffl. v Prtl.H . -
ON Tlt AND ft'1
Motor .' Magnate Denies Disloyal
Utterances, but Admits Hatred
fi of llnfluences Causing War,
i Reading of Eulogistic Magazine
.Article: Causes Merriment for,
, - Spectators? Witness Stops It.
' Mount Clemens. Mich., July IT.
(L N. S.)-Henry rrd aa given a
brief respite from the .stand today In
the trial of his 11,000,600 libel suit
against ' the Chicago! Tribune, and
Klrkland B. Alexander, a writer and
advertising- man of Detroit, was temporarily-
substituted. ,
Alexander testified concern in a dln December, 19X7, when he was a
guest of Mr, Ford, with Attorney Al
fred Lucking and a Mr. Smith also present,..-
At the dinner.'." Alexander - said. Mr.
Lucking remarked that if the various
prime ministers, cabiaet officers, em
perors and generals were put in the
trenches they would soon find a 'way
to end the war. In , reply,. Mr. Ford
.' said, according to the witness: ' .
"Yes, they would find a way, to end
: the war. There is no hate In - the
trenches. As usual men who start the
war have to finish it.
Other statements attributed " to Mr.
Ford were : , - , , - r
' "If Germany had not invaded Belgtum.
ftngiand t or Francs might , have." and
"we loo, Would have been In the Franco-
... Prussian war f we were not at war
. with England."' v '
- Alexander's testimony was brief and
. Ford was recalled to the stand at its
conclusion.", '.'-
- The facile pen of a" magazine writer
almost stopped the trial today, when a
lawyer read- a vivid description of Henry
- Ford , wrlttea bjr John . Heed " for, the.
Metropolitan magaslne In 191. , The
- reading of the article took up . moat of
the morning session. . '
. ATt.p'kviT iBBinnsTv,' A
' " ww ki. c rcici i cu w r uiu well.
browned Complexlon'.hie s"wavy .alive
. locks,", and his "Yankee nose." women
In the codrt room giggled, men laughed
; outright.; and , Ford himself : reddened, a
. bit and held up his index finger as a
r signal to the reader to stopi
The article was a eulogy ef the Ford
' plan discussing the Ford education
system, the treatment of his employes
and was touched up with many ludicrous
anecdotes. In it ,Ford asserted bis belief
, that universal military .training would
ever oom about.
" After the. reading of the article At-
(CoiMludsd ea Fui Tea, Column Four) -
' '- " '--. -l ' '
Coming Changes in v Personnel
; .Cause of Many Names Being
Mentioned for Berths.
. That thera will be a change in the
personnel of the state highwaycom
mlealon has been Indicated for'some
time, - When the change is tb occur
rests, it is understood with Governor
Qlcott.- By a change of residence to
Portland, Commissioner Thompson,
iwho represents the Second congres
sional district, will soon become in
eligible. . Assigning the pressure 'of his private
interests. ' Commissioner Booth : of the
First congressional , district IS anxious
to -withdraw. Both commissioners, while
desirous of remaining until this season's
large construction program Is well un
der way.' have left to Governor Oleott
the fixing of, the date on which they
could withdraw without causing con
fusion or delay, v
. As to the successor of Mr. Booth, the
name of E. IX.CusIck of Albany is quite
fercmlnently mentioned. Mr. Cusick is
a banker and has been actively identified
. (Ooochidad ob Pac Two. Column Three) '
First in Its Field in Quality Features
The Sunday Journal takes pride in the excellence of the many features
it supplies Its readers and in their attractive display. - "
The Sunday Journal Magazine is the product of the highest paid staff
of feature writers an4 illustratprs. As front page is embellished each
week with a local illustration in color. - ' .
The Sunday Journal comic is the incomparable fun' sheet! No other
comic before the American public approaches it in excellences
The color photograph -that adorns the first of The Sunday Journal
dramatic and' photoplay pages is a distinct achievement: J
The Sunday Journal excels in pictorial display throughout. It has the
exclusive use in this field of the complete output of the two foremost
news photograph agencies. Its -repeated exclusive publication of historic
photographs from ,tha peace conference, for example, support this
justifiable claim.. Affairs in the local field, too; are strikingly pre
sented, in picture. ,,,,.,. .?
Careful " attention to :; these details that supplement the day's news
makes The Sunday Journal the complete home newspaper of the Oregon
EDPOB T, July 17, The
town of Jacksonrllle, one of
the oldest, in; Oregon, was In a
fair way to be wiped out by fire
late . Wednesday afternoon, and
would nave (one ap la .flames
only for: the assistance of Fire
Chief Lawton and member of
the Mcdford fire department,
who . arrived after four bouses
and a barn bad been burned and
a dozen other booses had caught
fire from flying' sparks, i They
took a reserve hose, track and
hundreds of feet of good hose.
The fire started after Street
Commissioner, Chris. Ulrich . had
burned the grass ' along Oregon
street, back of the city hall, and
gone away,' thinking everything
safe. ; , , ,
The Jacksonville fire depart-,
ment had not met for six months,
and the department hose burst
in many places. - ' . r .
State Treasurer Demands $200,
000 Increase in Valuation of
S. B. Barker Property, .
In filing a protest with the county
court of Multnomah county against
the appraisement of the S. B. Barker
estate and demanding a reappraise-1
ment, State Treasurer ' Hoff ; chal
lenges the custom- until recently" in
vogue in Oregon of appraising the
real property of estates at the valua
tion assessed for taxing purposes, "
State Treasurer Hoff insists, ' in " his
formal protest ' to' u'eeburl, that on ac
count of the practice . of ' assessors , in
this state , assessing 'property for any
where from 40 to 4 per cent of its
value, tbattaa appraisement based upon
such an assessment will not suffice for
the purpose of -paying the State ln
herttance tax- He- demands i that r the
appraisement be practically :tfte fnarket
value. -t ;,. - -J'f ,
.m,-. riia tvki property
located In MuUnomah. Gilliam . and
Wheeler- counties and personal property
in Multnomah and Gilliam. The total
appraised value of t estate approxi
mates 700.000. In" appraising the real
estate, the appraisal board. : composed
ofR. Ur- Sabin, A. A- Lindsley and O.
H. Fithlan.- simply took the figures of
the county assessors of . the three coun
ties and Incorporated them In their
appraisement as ; the value of the prop
erty. Treasurer Hoff says this won't
do. and it Is 'Understood that his rep
resentative, v whoj : has made a . very
thorough investigation of the whole ap
praisement, fc estimates , that" the " appraisers'-
figures' should be raised any
where from 1200,000 to 9S00.OOO. "
As an instance of the Under-appraise-ment
in Multnomah county, the Barker,
apartments, ; covering a : Quarter : of a
block at Twenty-first" and Irving, was
appraised at $40,000. In assessing this
property "lor y taxation t purposes, ' the
county assessor values the land-at $10,-
( Concluded on -Fas Ten. Column F1t)
Serbian Outbreaks
Eesult j in Martial
Law Being Declared
. . .
Undon, July 17-(L- N. & Martial
law has been declared in - Serbia as a
result of outbreak in - which - several
persons have been - killed., and ' many
wounded, says an Exchange Telegraph
dispatch fromJflenna today, ,
Railway traffic has ' been suspended.
- Demonstrations are being made' daily
In Belgrade and elsewhere against the
arrest of Socialist. leaders. :
One Fourth Estate ;
. In Liberty Bonds
: Over one quarter of the entire value
of the estate of the late James T. Lang,
ley rests in Liberty bonds-of the first,
second and fourth issues, according to
a petition for probate of his will filed
thU morning In the circuit court by
Lioulse Agnes Langlt-y. hU widow.k.The
estate is estimated at - $9941,: of which
$20O is In Liberty bonds. -
. v , 1
hi m
Intimation Made That Officials
of Railroad Own Stock in Ice
Company Charging High Prices
Examiner Orders List of Stock
holders Furnished, Also Copies
of Contract ; With-Railroad.
At least one Northwestern railroad
pays $17.50 for ice in Minnesota and
Michigan and sends it - to Pacific
coast points for the refrigeration df
perishable freightwhen Ice of qual
ity and in quantity can be purchased
near at hand for about $3.59 a ton.
f Testimony to this effect startled fruit
growers and" shippers at the perishable
freight hearing before Examiner R. C
Marshall of t the Interstate ; commerce
commission here this morning.
The comparison in coats was submitted
as one reason why the sweeping Increases
in freight charges for the transportation
Of Northwestern fruits and vegetables
werof ordered by the- railroad adminis
tration.' The evidence was offered on
behalf of "the Pacific Fruit Express and
other shipping agencies.
An effort to show that the Northern
Pacific' company's officers were finan
cially interested in the Fargo-Detroit
Ice company of Detroit, Minn., was un
productive this morning 4 1 when O. R.
Merritt. manager of refrigeration for the
Northern Pacific declared, that he Old
not know. 'Mr, Merritt, who spent much
time on the- witness stand, was re
quested to furnish a list of the stock
holders of the ice company to the com
mission. He was ordered to supply copies
of the - transportation ' company's con
tracts with the ice company.. ?
i. He excused the fact that his' company
ships ice as far aa 1S0O miles to refriaer-
ate Northwestern; fruit, with the state
ment' (hat (ce in, needed quantities can
not pe seeurea nfar at hand, and within
a few moments had declared that the
company caught short. dlVbuy Ice last
year In Portland, Taooma and Seattle.
The price of suh ice he did not know,
be 'said.. - . . c
Mr. Merritt could not explain why the
state . Of Washington had been . "blanket
ed" In making the new tariffs, making
the cost of eastbound shipments origi
nating anywhere in that state the same.
Therefore R. C. Dearborn of the Pacific
Fruit Express and one of the committee
which prepared the new- tariff was re
called -to the stand. ' - '
--"Washington was not divided in mak
ing the new rates because it had never
been divided and because comparatively
little business originates In the western
half of the state. Oregon-is divided be
cause the business of the state is divided
and the split is warranted." Mr. Dear
born said. . . . - - ',' . ,.
The witness, who gave much testimony
on Wednesday, could hot explain why,
in. east bound shipments, Washington is
not divided, yet is divided in westbound
consignments, t . 1,
, Much examination this morning cen
tered about icing costs, because of the
fact that 'the ,new- tariff - proposes in
creases ranging from 20 to 150 per cent
on icing charges, and Northwestern ship
pers declare such radical rises are pot
Inasmuch as the new tariff Is declared
to be based almost entirel yon "costs,"
the cost of ice is of very . great im
portance,, shippers declared. If the tariff
is' based upon the cost of ice in Minnesota-and
'Michigan, rather than near
the point of origin, it la held to- be
manifestly unfair. - "
Althougth he would not give specific
figures, Mr. Merritt presumed In his
testimony today that the cost of shipping
( Concluded on Pace Ten, Cohimn Three)
William J. Bryan .
VWU1 Speak Briefly
Before Press Club
William Jennings Bryan will make a
short address before the Portland Press
club Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock' In
the clubrooms in the Elks building.. He
wilt be Introduced by Collector of Cus
toras Miltou A. Miller, and Ralph Wat
son, president of the club, witl be In the
chair. The public is Invited to attend.
This meeting will "follow the compli
mentary luncheon to be given Mr. Bryan
at the Benson hoted. Dr. J. W. Morrow
wlll preside' at the .luncheon and Mr.
Bryan will be introduced by Harvey G.
Starkweather, chairman - of the Demo
cratic state central committee. Men and
women - are invited. No advance reser
vations will be made. j '
Nominations for ;
Oregon Postmasters
Are Sent to Senate
Washington, July - 17. WASHING
the following postmaster nominations
for Oregon Charles R. Tyler. Yamhill ;
Charles E. Hodge, 7 Beaverton : Mar
AbalU'Hlllsboro; Charles A. White,
xjaxeview ; ; Kicnara K. Kvans, Stan
field ; . Cora Maceon, Warrenton.
In "Wash i net on r RHm. v Uma
Cathlamet, and Albert C Ely at Steven
son, y . .' , f: .
; In Idaho : Elsie Harrell at Cambridge
and Ross Jjf., Bothwell at Weiser. '
F PROMINENT local Swiss and president of the Chamber of Commerce 'greet Swiss ambassador at: Multnomah hoteL Above,
. from left, E. Krattiger, Mrs." SuUer, Ambassador Sulzcr, A. Strcif f , Swiss consul ; Arnold Keller, president of Federated Swiss
Societies of Oregon: Jacob Luscher: H. L. Corbett. president of the Chamber of Commerce: Otto Freidle..C Andruser. R.
Hochule, Sr; Xower, Dr. Hans
intensive study of . business and
region outside " '; , :
i -
City, Port of, Portland and Dock
Commission;. Agree to e Appro- ;
priate $30,000 Jointly.
Thirty, thousand , dollars 'will be
Jointly appropriated. 17500 .immedi
ately by the P,ort of Portland, dock
commission and the city- council, to
cover expenses of a survey of com
mercial and industrial facilities to be
made by the committee bf. 15 ap-'
pointed by Mayor Baker to investi
gate and report to the council. ... .
" Meeting for the first time. In joint as
sembly, the bodies - unanimously -voted
this morning that such -action, was he
proper procedure! ' '--PLEDGES
ABE MABK' ; - '
The bodies pledged themselves. to, ap
propriate $7500 for Immediate expenses
of the investigating commission and, fol
lowing : submission of, ai budget, "to give
the remaining J22.5O0. -vi: 'x
iTwo years win probably tet- consumed
by the committee ; of 15 in , the , work.
Emery Olmstead, chairman,? told - the
commission. . From $15,600 , to .J40.O00
might be required, he said.. He asked
that money he appropriated, at, once te
enable - the committee .-to. establish ' of
fices i and meetv .other.' immediate ex
penses incidental to the' survey.- A bud
get will be submitted. Mr. Olmstead
promised, covering the "balance of the
$30,000 which he .believes - wilt cOVer the
project. , - . , - , '
scope or "iJfQriBT'oirToisE
-J. B. Kerr, described the survey to be
made. At present, he stated, there are
no water mains to certain-docks and no
transportation facilities. . Ultimate, con
struction 'of a belt- line railroad" and
truck road from the principal streets to
the docks .would be considered. Kerr ex
plained, andL storage and .transfer' facil
ities on the docks studied. Free or cneap
industrial sites would be given the? at
tention, of the committee and Columbia
slough, Mocks bottom and Guilds lake
region Investigated. . .,,... ::
Veto Fails to Block
- i
Daylight Repeal Try
" - ; "" ' ;
Washington. -July' 17 Another effort
to repeal the daylight saving law will be
made, senate and house leaders i have
decided.- The-bouse agriculture com
mittee has been - asked by Chairman
Haugen to report out the agricultural
appropriation blU with the rider repeal
ing the daylight saving law, despite the
fact that the house ordered the rider
stricken out when it sustained the presi
dent's veto of the bill,- because of the
daylight saving repeal.
' " - xf
' I s , , ;
: m" " ""...
'vX- - ' ' s. jy v t',y - . .
"-v - ""
Portland; sWiss, colony
Sulzer,'Swiss ambassador to the
tourist conditions in and around
TTTASniN'GTON, July-T-(U-P.)RcpeaI
ol taxes, on
soda water and ice cream will be
poshed through the bouse short
ly after the prohibition enforce
ment legislation I is' 'disposed of,
the Republican) steering commit
tee has "decided, it was learned
Windows Shattered - by Blowup;
Loss -From Fire, at Power
Plant May Be $40,0Q0.
I A . fire, the exact damage of which
has not been" determined, but. which
may run- from J2000
to $40.000, 1
broke out in the Station -E plant of l
the Portland Railway. Light A Pow
x company - about - 8:30 o'clock
Wednesday night - from ; friction - in
one of the large generators. , --
An explosion, preceding the fire blew
out almost every window. Remaining
ones. ; were . punctured ' with pieces of
Iron.. Before' the explosion a .large
piece of Iron ' blown - out was -at a
white, heat. . 'Had, H.- B. Turley, en
gineer In charge,: been near the gen
erator i he probably would . have been
killed, the fir marshal asserted. ' ;
i H. - P.. Osborne, general superinten
dent of the company's plants, said that
If only a few. col la nave to be replaced
the, loss. Would be about ; $2000,- but if
the entire- motor must be rewound, he
Said the loss -would be around $40,000.
This cannot be determined until the
machine Is - taken to pieces he said.
The plant is located at Sherlock and
Nicolal. streets. Engine responded,
but , according to general orders of
the fire department refused to play
any streams ad the fire until the. plant
had r been cut off . from. Its,, supply of
Council of Five Is
gainst Substitute
Paris.. July 17.-tT, P.--No - substl
tut can be accepted for trial of - the
former kaiser, according to. an opinion
filed with the council of five by a com
mittee' of allied legal experts today.
. u,r,ftr;. j,.,,-, , y , :t .... f.-y-
;lcomes tAftffiASSADOR
United States ; : Mrs. Sulzer. ' Mr.
Portland, with survey of mills
v , -, , ,
1 If
t '. ?
Opponents ' of National Prohibi
tion Plan on Carrying Ques- , j
tion to Court.
Chicago, July 17. (I. N..&) The
association opposed to national pro
hibition is making plans today Ve
carry the question of the legality of
the ' eighteenth amendment' to . (the
constitution to the-Unlted States su
preme court. . The - association also-
will .make a fight at the polls to de
feat every legislator in all the states'
who voted lor ratification of the na
tional prohibition amendment.'' J
James ""Arthur Sea vey. managing 'di
rector, of, the association is In Chicago
and has held numerous conferences with
men from Illinois, "-South', Dakota, Mis
souri, Kentucky and other Middle West
ern states. He announced that plans
for the battle -are In- the hands of aome
of the foremost authorities on consti
tutional law.-
"Joseph .: W,. 8at!ey. former senator
from Texas, Seavey- said, has been re
tained as chief -counsel.
. Enforce ment Bill Prooressino - v
Washington.. July 17. (I. N. &)
- Tbe . senate, prohibition enforcement bill
wlll be "reported - to i the full judiciary
committee probably - on Monday, Sena
tor Sterling fof - South Dakota, chair
man of the .' sub-commUtee drafting
the measure started1-today. , .- j
"1 - believe the "bill wUl go through
the senate easily and -with little oppo
sition." Senator ' Sterling eald. - ' .
He - admitted he ; was not hopeful,
however, f 6r ; final action until after
the peace treaty had been - disposed of.
Brother , oh IJowsey ;
. .To Investigate Case,
r New Tork. July 17v-I. k a De
spite Jhe fact that a coroner's Jury in
Seattle returned a verdict of death from
natural causes in the case of Frederick
A. Dowsey, Investigator for the United
States shipping board, James Dowsey,
New 'York attorney,, announced ; today
that he .will direct an . Independent In
vestigation in the belief that his brother
was murdered. iw r
Italian Paper Gives
Tig on Ex-Kaiser
Milan, July 1 Delayed. (U. P.)
The Popolo Italia, stated today that the
ex-kaiser had obtained permission, from
the German government to return " to i
Germany and live on one of his estates,
under poi toe surveillance.
Sulzer will spend two days in
and harbor and trip into scenic
; ' "-",'' '
-' '- " ,
Dr. Sulzer Entertained by Cham
ber of Commerce-and Fellow
Countrymen in Portland
. if . - -
, "President -Wilson is ri$rht -txt Ul
advocacy of the League of Nations,
said Dr. Ilan Sulzer, Swiss ambassa
dor to tha United States, who is lq
Portland.' -' '1 ' . - - '.
"Tour great president has the sym
pathy, and . support of the people in
my country. ' He is a , great leader of
men fefor,. the. welfare of. humanity.
There Is no i doubt - whatever of the
great - majority . sentiment of the Swiss
people in favor of the League of Na
tiohs.4 - 4 - - , . - - ,
"We are naturally -' delighted and
gratified that -Geneva should have been
selected as ith world- capital of the
League of Nations.,! The. Swiss have
ever . stpod for liberty, equality and
humanity and the world capital of the
league will be- the capital of liberty,
equality .and humanity,
"The league of ' Nations affords the
smaller' countries assurance of Justice
in their dealings with other nations. The
little nations", have never been guaran
teed in their integrity ' against the ag
gression of greater powers. The League
of Nations will give them, a standing
and opportunity to which they have been
long entitled. : i - -.' '. " '
: VTherd are probably 'some clauses in
the League ef Nations plan to which the
American, people , maytake ; exception.
But those are merely details,' which
ought , not to affect , the great .principle
involved.-1, ." , ' 1 .... X ,'
"The ' people.rof , Europe are , tired of
war. They i are tired of fearing war.
They want established and guaranteed
peace and their only; hope for It is in
the League of Nations."- ; - .
Dr.-. Mulser --arrived .tin - Portland
Wednesday ;"; evening. ... accompanied by
Mrs. Suiser. and they are, guests at the
Multnomah : ho tel. They enjoyed a real
Swiss breakfast at a picturesque P?ne
street coffee house whose proprietor, O.
Haehlen, Is a' Swiss. Guided by- Presi
dent H. L. Corbett of-the -Chamber of
Commerce they were taken to see one of
the great lumber mills of the coast, the
(Concluded on P Tf a. Cohimn One!
'..' .1' - '
gue ; Would Not
In Congress of U. S.
r -6y Carl Smith
Washington. July' 17. (WASH
NAL) -President c Wilson, ft whose
good humor 1st: proverbial,' has dis
played a bit of irritation oyer ques
tions as to". whether the League of
Nation's - covenant takes away the
power of congress to declare war, or
requires this country S:,io send Its
military or naval forces without Con
sent of congress. . '-
He Is reported to have confessed
to some ' impatience over having to
answer - these questions so many
times. He expected sucti questions
in Paris," where men . from other
parts of the world. 'could not be ex
pected .to be familiar . .with the
American constitution, and he is now
discovering that there , is plenty of
misinformation In America. ',
Borah, Reed, Hiram Johnson and their
I kind are . largely responsible for "befog'
glng the public mind. While posing as
llHO.!. E .1
Republican Senator, After Con
ference With Wilson, Says
Needed to Enforce Treaty.
Borah and Sherman Continue At
tack on Japan and on Shan
; tung Settlement in Speeches.
Washington. July 17. (I. N. S.)
The League of Nations is inseparable
from the peace treaty, "because the
treaty cannot be enforced except
through the league," which is "abso
lutely necessary to secure the pres
ent and maintain the future peace of
the world," ; declared Senator Qolt
(Rep., R. X.), in an address in the
senate today, "
Colt' was one of the Republican
senators who conferred with the
president -t the White House today.
; "Upon the question of reservations I
reserve my judgment for full discussion
and consideration,' Colt announced,
however. Although "in favor of the
principles embodied In the League of
Nations," he said that did , not mean
that he had "reached a decision that
the league should be ratified in the pre
cise form in which it is now presented."
"America cannot divorce the league
from the peace treaty," Colt continued.
"There are only two courses open to us 5 .
We can remain In the league and become
responsible for the enforcement of the
terms of peace, or we can quit Eu
rope and notify the allies that our re
sponsibility is at an end. But if it is
unthinkable for us to desert Kngland,
France and Italy when the world is In
chaos, we must become a member of the
league as providing the only machinery
for the restoration ef peace and order.
"The League of Nations In Its esoenee
Is simply an association of free nations,"
Colt continued. "Its object Is to pre
vent war through international coopera-
tion. Broadly speaking, it covers three
basic principles obligatory conferences
when' War1 is threatened, compulsory
submission of every International dis
pute to some form of arbitration or In
vestigation and report before resorting
to war; and reduction of armaments. ,
"There Is no conceivable solution of
the great problem of preventing war
' (Concluded on Pig Ten, Column Two)
$25,000 to Be Raised; Ben Sell
; ing as Chairman j U W, Hum
phreys Heads Reception Body.
: A campaign for f 25,000 for enter
tainment of the Pacific fleet In Port
land will be Instituted by the finance
committee, of the fleet reception or
ganization, it was announced at the
city halt this morning.
That sum was decided upon an a re
sult of - conferences between members
of the committee and Mayor Baker.
.Ben Selling has been, selected to lead
the campaign aa chairman of the finance
body. , lie would make no statement as
to how the fund will be raised, '
Xeater W. Humphreys was today se
lected as chairman of the general recep
tion committee. Sub-committees will be
appointed ' within a. few . .days, Mr.
Humphreys announced.
Power Vested
friends of the constitution and oracles
of interpretation, they have neglected to
say that as to each' promise made, con
gress will have to act when the occasion
arises, if the situation calls for the una
of force.; - ; .
The language of tha covenant has bea
clear enough from the beginning, deal
ing vlth the powers of the league, it
always says "advise" or "recommend."
and never that the league shall "direct"
or 'command. Even In this advisory
capacity It must act by unanimous vote.
, These provisions have been explained
repeatedly by, former President Taf t. by
George W. Wickersham, by Senator Mc
Cumber, and by others In public lff.
They have been pointed out In the
Washington correspondence of The Jour
nal In articles dealing with the, League
of Nations.
It Is a fact, however, that some of
the press representatives of Ka.stru
newspapers Who have been long fei hy
Borah,- Reed, Johnson and Knox n
Just waking up. They find It impoto-ibi
to controvert the president when he fays
that the league covenant does not. a - 1
never did. direct the waging of war 1
- tC'oncudtd ea Vig Two. C. a.n n Two)