The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, April 01, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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    Till; -Cr.ZGON DAILY JOURNAL. PORTLAND, TUESDAY, APIUL 1. 101D.
5-
AW TVPFPEKDEST NEWSFAPEB
r. a. jack&o.v .......... . . 4 .Publisher
i uuttMjm eTery G7, itaraooa ana awwmna c
i. .. .1 - t rk. Tniimi 1 Ktllu.
Hi:. H roadway tod Xaauull street, I'ortiand.
Of vgon.
Lctfrcd tt tb, Poetnffie At Portland. Oregon.
lor transmission thrones tbe mail eeeond
cuut matter.
Ihl.Ki'HONKS Main 1178; Hon. A-S051.
Ail d'prtmimt tetcbul b the "Bomber.
lull Ui. operator what department you waat.
I O tUN ADVKKTI81NO BKPBE8EMTATTVB
: benjamin 4c Kentnor Co.. Brunswick Buildlne.
i a e huj ifmiii, Aflw ion , w
buildlnc, Chicago.
bui.criitlon tctnu by nail la Oregon sod Waah-
DAILY (MORNING OS AFTEHSOOX) ;
On rear.. 95.00 ( On month.. . . , .8 .50
. SUNDAY s . - -
One ;u..i . . . .12.60 Ob month. f .25
UAILT (MOBNt.NO OR AFTERNOON) ' AND
. . SUNDAY
On year. 97.BO Oa month. ;..,.$ .65
II ll
Be patient Out Playwright tear show
la torn flfUj act what thii wud lrams
- '" means. : k. '- .
.'! Tennyson.
SEEING IS BELIEVING
,.jwyE believe the Columbia river
I " I mouth is capable of ; being
u J one of the greatest ports in
That which a man sees he believes.
' The above, quotation represents the
composite' opinion of the members of
the house lt naval; affairs : committee,
formed after an inspection of the Co
. tumbia river and- Us possibilities.
I The Columbia river; has" been -too
,' far away from Washington and s the
' members ; of congress ' have been too
far4, away from the1 Columbia river,
Too many of. the learned lawmakers
at the national capital still believe
that Indian canoes yet float on its
tide, for them to give sustained and
serious thought to the demands made
by and for the Oregon harbor.- A
river is. omy a line upon we map,
- and .the map i9 the extent of the
knowledge too . many congressmen
. .have of the Western coast.
It is a good thing that the mem
bers of the naval affairs committee
.w came " to the coast; They will know
i now what it means. They will havo
personal knowledge of Us Immensity
rand, of Us possibilities, it will cease
r to be an Indian reservation in the
- mental picture its 'mention will give
r and will become an 1e.mpire, vast ' in
j dimension and unmeasured In possi
bility. - "
il It would bo better if more - con-
'. the Chamber .of Commerce could
V reach out a friendly invitation and
r, transport bunches of those gentlemen,
gasping in the humidity and heat of
K their summer season, " to enjoy the
K rre.shness and view jlhe wonders of
jjOregonj it might ; pe money well
i. spent If they saw the country once
;J they -would believe the stories they
ijuavo iifdiu ajuuuii 11. u uicy iiti'J
!i enjoyed it once, they .could not help
Kbut be kind. . 1 .
il :,
United States senatorsho are op-'-)
posing - the League jot Nations ap
proved the speeches. of President Wil
r.son aa;a means of winning the war,
-but they now. seem jdetermined. that
' the pledges he made shall not be
kept. 1 Speaking at the tomb of Wash
TinKton. President iWilson J last" July
I aid thkt the supreme,' aim of the
United States In the .war was to
( establish "the reign of law, based
jupon conscni of the, governed .and
' sustained hy the organized opinion of
'mankind.'
THE PACIFIC MAGYARS
1
fIIE enthusiasm with which the
Hungarians of all classes are
carrying out their revolution re
minds .one of no tiling so much
as Florence- when ! Savonarola was
I preaching his reforms. , '
t A profound ' religious . fervor pen
etrated all classes of' the Florentines.
Women who had bee.v conspicuous
ftir: frivolity burned; their rich' orna
ments and consecrated their Jewels to
Codl ' The whole people of Florence,
high and Jow, boved to the power
of the great preacher. ' ,
We do not read I in the news rv
norta thtt 1 ahv 'nrpaihf.i la Bt.irrlnir
i the Hungarians. The movement seems
St. ' be. as snontaneoua as It is
faweeplng. Eve: the! lawyers and phy-
slcians are said to be forming
"unions," which can only mean that
1 they are forming 1 Soviets and will
I thus participate in the .pew., world
! that Is -taking shape. .
i It is profoundly' to be hoped that
I the Hungarians will do what des
tiny has decreed foi them without
'bloodshed. .Their wonderful zeal for
education Indicates little predisposi
tion" to violence. ' "
-Strange and uncouth as their new
government looks to us we should not
forget that our own' looked Just as
j uncouth to, the European world when
it was first-formed. English litera
ture of the eafly nineteenth century
I affords plenty of material concerning
r the United States government which
breads almost word for word like some
' current descriptions of Hungarian af
fairs. - Wary readers are apt to take
fuch accounts with a grain of salt.
It is significant thatthe Magyar
rubles seera to be xleUvenng their
' A-i to the .soviet government
1
I
without much resistance. ; Count
Karolyi led the way and. we gather
tfia4 his whole' class is following his
example; If they are doing so it
must bo that they perceive the ia
Iiujty of ' the old system and" expect
something good from the new one.
? The Hungarian farmers never have
known what It was to own a pleoe
of land.' The Immense estates of the
nobles, " worked by tenants, ' included
all the land of the country. The new
system, gives the firmer the fields
they till. It is a fundamental change
in the ownership of. property. . How
It will work out for the T50mrnoti weal
or woe is a question which time and
events must decide. The' transfer of
property, . asto ind.ng as It seems, is
probably no greater than that which
Henry VIII effected when he dispos
sessed the English: monasteries.
The questl6a4t,what age is a man
too old to majryfisnswered v a
wealthy New York Jeweler who went
into cour,t and asked for an' annu 1
ment of his j marriage . with . his 18-year-old
bride on the ground that he
was 87 years old, and, therefore, too
old to marry. The case is said to be
the first of Its kind in the history of
jurisprudence, but In denying the old
man's request the Judge said that
he hoped for the credit . of our civ
ilization It would be i the last. The
bride admitted that the financial con
dition of the old man appealed to her
"just a little bit" when she consented
to be his wife. - t
WHO QPPOSE THE LEAGUE?
' -tj. ' ' III I II II I II I - , "J---
R.: TAFT believes, bo he says,
that the amendments to the
leaguo covenant now , under con
sideration "will reconcile" 'the
p'ubllo to the League of Nations." The
public is already; reomclled ; to the
league. - Or, rather, the public Ms
passionately , In favor of the league.
It is not the publio that needs rec
onciling,'' but a bunch of. disgruntled
politicians. Some of the objections
made to the covenant draft which the
president brought home with him
were doubt'ess sincere and it is quite
possible that' they were mil taken.
In cases of that kind amendments
will strengthen the league. ; y r :-: .
But where, the objections are cap
tious and the, objectors are ' playing
che p politics the ; best . course is to
ignore them. -The American people
believe that without a league of na
tions the war .will have been largely
fought in vain. They are willing to
accept an imperfect covenant if noth
ing better can be secured atpresent.
All they ask Is that the fundamental
principle shall not be sacrificed. That
principle is, of course, the peaceful
settlement of International difficul
ties Instead of f ghting over them.
The surprising 'fact I that Injured
workmen, crippled by Industrial : ac
cidents and patched .up by the- doc
tor earn j 24 ; per ; cent more than uik
Injured workmen in the same em
ployment, is shown In figures gath
ered by the Mssachuetts industrial
accident board; ;Four reasons for this
are ; assigned : The man handicapped
by accident is' steadier tn the Job;
h- keeps better; hours While off duty
and avoids dissipation; he reads more
and gives more thought to his work,
and, he learns i to use his brain more
than his bodyLL
MAKING PROGRESS
1IILE there are many urgent,
reasons why peace should be
restored to the world soon, ,it
must be admitted that the Paris
conference has,: after, all, made re
markable progrecc, when, its work Is
compared ' with : that; of the Vienna
congress.-1 In adjustins international'
affairs that , body was in session 10
months, or from- September, 1814,? to
June, -1815. It Was not trouble, by
such issues as ja league of nations,
self determination, justice to . op
pressed nation t ov making the world
safe for democracy. All that ' the
Vienna cpngress had to consider was
a division of spoils, and In this It
did a very unsatisfactory Job.
Taking into consideration the up-
side down ( condition of the "entire
world and the difficulty of finding a
basis for a just settlement of numer
ous and conflicting Interests, much
has been accomplished' during the
past two months.
The inhabitants if Lemberg have
been bombarded so much in the last
four . or five years that ? they would
probably feel . lost without shells
bursting arouad them. ' Every few
days during the war the papers an
nounced that some new foe, was Bom
barding Lemberg- Peace brings no
change. While the conference pro-"
ceeds at :Paris, the bombardment
proceeds a Lemberg. ' We dare say
it affords the people- an entertain
ment as diversified as the movies
and far more exciting. " . .
KISMET
THE Rev Baker P. Lee of Los An
geles Is a trifle late with his ser
Jl mon against prohibition. He ar
gues from his pulpit that it is a
fine thing to; extirpate the - saloon.
out sheer tyranny to prohibit beer
and light wines, f "
V There was a time , when , the coun
try might have token that view If it
had been put forward honestly, but In
stead of doing' so the liquor men ar
rogantly assumed an - lnstransigent
position and held ft. They despised
th? reformers defied regulatory leg
islation, allied themselves with the
criminal element and sometimes went
so far ns to Incite murderous mobs
against prohibition" workers.
;Kow rui has descended upon them
and they may thank themselves for
it. The prohibition amendment is
W
part of the constitution of the United
States. It is too late to attack-It
by logic or. violence. If, as Mr. Lee
contends, f It ' Is i a Improper restric
tion of , personal liberty, the obvious
answer will be made; that some re
striction of liberty- is prefer ab le to
the abominable recklessness and in
decency with which the liquor .busi
ness was conducted in the days .of
its power and pride. " , "
The aristocratic and - tory , Union
League club, of New York fears that
the peopjo will "befog" ;, the ' League
of Nations Issue if they presume to
discuss ft The subject, "according
to the Union leaguers, ought to be
left to the all-wise senate. .4 When it
comes to a question of comparative
freedom . from "fog," we stake our
cookies on the plain farmer or work
Ingman in preference to the average
senator.
AMBULANCE CHASERS
MBULANCE chasers will be given
11 a 4lack eye on May,, 29 when
w the laws enacted, by the . last
legislature become effective ; Just
one black eye, however, for the law
makerp, always careful of the law
yers, very cieveny . leit a loopnoie
through which chance members of
the profession might ' crawl should
occasion require.
A great deal has been said; and
much written, in past years, about
the business of chasing ambulance.
Now and again the witness of an
accident has seen- the Industrious
seeker after opportunities to sue
offending fv corporations, or persons,
busy with the victims of accident,
springing, apparency, out of thin air
ready and willing to win back recom
pense for bruises given.
The legislature took official cog
nizance of the fact that some people
make their livings by chasing ambu
lances, and wrote a, law to put a stop
to the practice. The law says in sub
stance that no person, f'rm or cor
poration may., lawfully solicit busi
ness or Utigatien arising as a result
of personal injuries, and goes on to
provide that "any contract wherein
any person not. an attorney at law
agrees to recover, either through lit
igation or otherwise, .any damages
for any personal injuries to any per
son shall be unlawful md void."
The second section makes it unlaw
ful for any attorney to take or ac
cept any claim for damages from a
solicitor, and provides that any such
contract shall be void," if made The
act, however, does not make it un
lawful for an attorney at law to so
licit personal injury cases so . long
as he does It personally and not by
agent. . ' '
Probably the law will do some
good. It will cut out thq ambulance
chasing solicitors, and, : since there
are not so many ambulance chasing
lawyers after all, the result will he
to. out down the abuse very materi
ally.! -?:?'Vt :;;.""V--ij-v : ' hy;
- Since the industrial accident com
mission has j come into the field the
business of ambulance chasing has
waned and languished to a great ex
tent. It has not been- necessary for
the victims of industrial accidents to
litigate their claims as used to be
the case when casualty) companies
were always -on the fighting Hne and
the victims of accident bad always to
fight for, what they got. ; The new
law probably win help to mop - up
the stragglers still trailing ambu
lances. If it does, it will not have
been enacted in vain. . . . r;
For the necessaries of life prices
range higher In the outskirts of the
city than In the center. Milk, for ex
ample, which sells at 13 cents a quart
on Yamhill street, sells at 15 cents
in Arleta. j The ; difference ; is not
great, but it means something to a
poor man. The higher prices in the
outlying districts" cannot i be due to
high -rent. Probably the credit sys
tem has something to do with them.
RETRAINING SOLDIERS-
CP 10 Marcn l, approximately 40,
000 disabled soldiers had been
registered with the federal board
iur . vutaiiuuaj, ? euucaiion, ior
training or placement,, iir.. both. An
interesting phase as shown by- the
records Is that . over 50 per cent of
injuries .or disabilities were received
in camp. Only 10 per cent! were re
ceived in battle.
Out of 1215 cases of disabled sol
diers approved for retraining, 245
selected agriculture, showing an in
creased interest in this primary in
dustry. The growing importance of
agricultural j machinery mikes an im
portant opening for the disabled sol
dler who has had experience with
tanks and motor trucks. ' 1 -
The work of the federal board U
steadily growing, but there is soma
confusion in the public mind re la
tive to the rehabilitation work in gen
eral and a great many applications
are made by disabled men who are
not eligible. '1'ree -vocational reed
ucation or spec: -I training was de
signed by , the government .for cases
of the , most severe v or. permanent
character. . The p7pose Is to supply
the disabled manAith means of earn
ing a livelihood.; by capitalizing his
remaining assets, retraining them and
makirig them ; serve In place of those
qualities jor accomplishments he. ha
lost. . ,i
One way to get a referendum voto
on . the League of -Nations would be
for the senators who are opposing
it to -resign and before the people
for reelection. -
. There Is No : Better Boost :
" " Prom tfa Salem Capital Soamml ' I
Th lest recommendation of the pro
posed League of Kationa is that the
United States senate Is against It. -
SCOTCHED BUT
NOT KILLE D
War Makers of the World Most Be v
; Given Lethal Stroke. ' ' : .
' '.,.' By "Ward -A. Irvine 1
Paria may have been lost to the Ger
mans through failure of Hun general
to follow a costly advantage. After a
ghastly sacrifice of men early In the
spring l offensive of 1 1918, the German
armies severed the - allied line when
Oough's Fifth army broke. The ' Hub
bad a tremeadous; advantage i perhaps
the road to Paris was clear. But the
commanding general failed to grasp his
opportunity. - The' German armies were
held back, they were not hurled Into the
chasm In time. Resourceful allied lead
ers scratched together , remnants ; of
armies and plugged the hole. When the
German at last attacked, they were met
by a vicious defensew:.:7.T "' V; '"....-'
The Oerman had completed but half
the job. He broke the line, but he hes
itated and Paris slipped away. His
reckless sacrifice of men bad been In
vain. . ; r
America ' went ' to war to "make the
world a safe place to live In." j Fifty
thousand i son s of American . mothers
went to battlefield graves, to stop wars.
Billions of American dollars were thrown
into the scales to bury bloodshed. Prac
tically- every Industry In the United
States dedicated two years of activity
to permanent peace."
The job Is half completed. The abscess
of German militarism has been -removed
from the earth. We have mado our sac
rifice, and 'now face our opportunity.
We have : attained only part of our an
nounced purpose "to make the world a
safe place to live in." We have broken
the line and now must follow up for per
manent peace. Like the German gener
al, If we faU to clinch our advantage,
peace will ee! away, as Paris did, and
our sacrifice will have been in vain.
,, .
A League of Nations is the remain-
i ng step j toward peace. Northwest citi
zens state, in letters written to ; The
Journal, f It is the second half of the
job. . j ! .- . - - - - :-. - .
"When the curtain rises on the last
act, : will the people of the earth see
a fraternal peace, or will they see the
prelude to another and greater trag
edy?" questions C H. Wilson of Marsh
field, t : ? M
"Of course we want a league to en
force peace," writes C. A. Jewell from
Am boy. Wash. That is what we were
fighting f Toryto Insure an enduring
peace for ail the world. It would be
folly not to take every step possible
to make1 sure of the ground gained in
that direction. After a farmer; has once
cleared the brush and rubbish from an
acre of good land, .he does not permit
them to accumulate again and rob him
of the' fruits of his labor. It has been
that way in the world war. We have
just subdued the Hohensollern rubbish
and wisdom dictates that we take every
step necessary to keep', them and their
ilk subdued. We want a League or
Nations prevent a repetition of aay
such disturbance of the world's peace. -
4. . . -. ji i. ;. -, -j :'
Martha J. Ewing of Philomath Is for
the League of Nations "1 certainly am
in favor of anything that will end these
cruel wars, - she writes. "i
"I favor the League of Nations with
all my heart and soul," declares W. P.
Willis i of I Myrtle CreeiW "It appears
to be the only thing offered to save
the world from war."
Rayi L. Smith of Lebanon believes
Abraham Lincoln would have favored
the league. "I firmly believe that were
Abraham Lincoln alive today, he would
see in this great covenant the emanci
pation of all the peoples of the world;
Mr. Lincoln was thinking not only of
peace among his own people, but among:
the peoples of the- entire world wh3n
he - said j With malice toward none.
with cnarity xor an. witn iirmness in
the right as - God gives -tis to see the
tight, let ' US; strive on to finish the
work we are In,3 to do all that may
achieve and . cherish a lasting peace
among ourselves and with all nations.:
. : -i1 i A ,- - - - i '
"l have a son now at the front," V.
J. Chatbum of Bandon offers. "He says
the boys who nave fought this war want
this wholesale murder-, business stopped.
and that it would be a shame if a bunch J
of politicians- should succeed in defeat
ing the only: plan that ; Is proposed to
establish peace." -. ; '
Mrs. H. . W. Banks of Cottage Grove
is surprised that Americans-should vote
against the league. "I thought any
American -born citizen would be ' too
broad to-vote . against ' the League of
Nations. I was born in Denmark, and
if those that oppose the league ; had
been under the yoke that Europeans
have, they would appreciate more fully
the Importance of such a league. ' I
am sorry I have only one vote to give."
"We gave two boys to the service,"
Mrs. W. Houston of Eagle Point informs.
nd they haven't arrived home yet. We
trust and pray that we may never have
to give up another one,"
!.- i . . .: v -
"It Is i grand and glorious cause,"
pens Mrs. E. E. Caldwell of Albany.
J. T. iRedford of Drain states , that
"t. - are heart and soul for the league
and the great principles for which it
stands. It seems : to me that every
American ; who has the cause of our
country t and the Interest of mankind
at heart would want the league adopt
ed." - JLr..;- . : i i; ; -'4
F. M.LHardin of Hlllsboro Is another
who favors the League of Nations. I
am unqualifiedly in favof of anything
to prevent future wars" he affirms.
"If I could vote one hundred million
times ft would be the same old story
for the league," asserts William H.
English of 4116 Sixty-fourth : street
southeast, Portland.
......-...- -.-4 r i-,; isH - '-hk' ." ';- '!' ir-:-'.f
J. W. Logan of Centralis, Waah in
closes f bur votes for the league, saying r
"We have a boy in France and want
him to come home . to stay. Yours for
the League of Nations."
"Hope you make It, a majority of 25,
000."f John K.i Brentano of St. Paul com-roun)--tea.
- . .-.
I have a son In France who has been
there; for 18 months. 1 don't want him
to-v go through the same thing again,'
Lewis Olson of Deep River remarks.
Frank Knapp of Brookings writes
"Me for a world's Monroe doctrine." ;
. Such is the' sentiment jof : Americans.
They want no half complete Job. They
want that peace for which we went to
war. They don't want those 50,000
American boys to have died In vain.
America as Mandatory for
Darkest Africa
From UM t Philadelphia ; Ledger
Rowland V. Bingham of Toronto, dl
rector of the - Soudan - interior mission.
puts in an earnest plea for the accept
ance by America - of the whlte - man's
burden it the former. Germaif colonies
In Africsi. ; He holds that Tog'oland, the
Kameruna, German Southwest and Ger
man East Africa should be taken under
our unselfish tutelage. : even as the
Philippines -were taken. It is ours, fae
thinks, to arrange for tthe secular edu
cation of the natives. It is ours to- de
clare religious liberty throurhout these
domains ! Much ' of f Germany's profit
has come from the traf fie In liquor
among the natives. This we must end
summarily. Moreover, -Mr. 1 Binph&na
holds that If a r'oeressive and enlisht-
ened plan - of development were, under- j
taken with, the . full interest and au
thority of our government behind it, the
sent might make a Btrong ' appeal to
colonists from the negro population of
America. . . , " . ,
Letters From the People
1 Cnmmnntaatiaa aent te The Journal for tmb- :
BeaUoa In this department should b written on
na.lv mm mAA nf h Miir. shrtukl not 0etd SOO
word in fengtb, and must b isnad bf the writer.
wnoM mau addraa la luu moat accompany tu
eontribution.
,r. Oa Uniforms for Girls
Portland. March 31. To the Editor of
The--Journal I have read the editorial
in the Oregonian of March it. entitled,
A Uniform for Our Girls?" Why can-,
not the editor of the Oregonian confine
himself to real, important topics, like
Is it Cooties that Make Chamberlain
Act So 7" or "Do Adenoids Account for
Baker's Refusal to Ask George to His
Party r ; Why not leave the matter of
dressing 'school girls in the hands of
the mothers, where It belongs?
We mothers are 'still working under
tbe old regime, and we have learned that
apparently the only way; to; give our
daughters social standing . is to "doll
tlem up.? And we remember that when
we were f girls we, too, "appreciated our
mission,"! as the Oregonian so delicately
puts it. T We "practiced those lltue es
thetic deftnesses" which move the Ore
gonian so.i We "preened" with all our
might, fully conscious of the delight we
were giving editorial writers and others.
To be sure; It Interfered with our studies
sometimes, but we were always ready to
sacrifice studies for thesake of pur
"mission. - i ' '
Dear editor, don't worry ! over the
girls losing "the undoubted talent of the
sex." Girls have minds as well as sex.
and for some reason their minds need
more cultivation than their sex. This
talent" which the Oregonian speaks of
co tenderly has always been effective in
getting ' husbands (I use i the plural
thoughtfully), and it is also effective in
getting divorcee. " Why over-cultivate ItT
Will it really unsex a girl to change
the georgette crepe waist and the silk
hosiery and the high heels for a neat
uniform iduring. the few hours supposed
to be devoted to the ' training of her
mind? Do you really believe the girls
Will object to a neat and becoming uni
form? They have shown a strong pref
erence for uniforms, of late.
I have asked a good many high school
girls why they did not take gymnasium
work. Without a single exception it was
bes&Qse it was so much trouble to un
dress, -put on the gym suit and then
change again. Not one objected to the
drill or the exercises. I suggest that
the editor of the Oregonian make a lit
tle Investigation of now many girls In
high schools take gym work after the
freshman year, when it is elective, and
why;'.,: ,-r- ; : r 4 t - " r:,H-:
No. It: isn't the attitude of the girls
which hinders the adoption of a school
uniform; nor is it, that of the mothers
who think dressingOap their girls gives
them social standing. Women have, very
little to say about what they are : to
wear; anyhow. Theirs not to reason
why ; theirs but- to buy and buy ; and
cut andfit and wear, thus exhibiting
tne unaouDiea talent or the sex." (I
am sure if the editor of the Oregonian
but knew how most - women loathe the
Implication it gives to the word "sex" It
would crop It)- --. ; ' -v ? '
The real obstacle to what would be a
beneficial, reform lies in that close and
sympathetic bond between the, editorial
and advertising departments. In spite
of the Oregonlan's assurance : that ho
economic purpose could be served by the
uniforms, every woman who thinks
about It knows better. Probably the
Oregonian believes that "the sex" can
not think iti only feels. , The uniform
would reduce- Father's 'expenses ; it !
would save some poor girls from hurt i
feelings; for all would be oh the same:
leveL But it cannot be. It would stab
in vulnerable spots those splendid ad
vertisers, the department stores.
MRS. VERNON JEFFERSON.
Demanding Rule of the People "
Portland. April 1. To the Editor Of
The JournalI have read your recent
editorial entitled "The Serpent's Trail."
The truth of this editorial no candid
observer would question.' W ?: " ;
We ' hear a great , deeff about ' the
danger ; of a aoviet- government. ; The
loudest ! howls, regarding : that latest
evolution i of democracy, arise from the
very papers and the: very persons who.
are tarred blackest with the corrup
tion of our Industrial i and - political
life. - -. , ; ;
Your i plebiscite ion' the i League of
Nations; was a success and a . mighty
fine idea. - And now please open the
ballot box for a vote ion: a question
something : like this: "Which would
make the country safer for democracy.
A congress and senate i into which: a
man can buy;' his way -while such a
man as Henry Ford is ruled out ; : a
mlsrepresentatlve body acting in direct
opposition to the wishes Of the people
on the i League of Nations ; - legislative
bodies in states made up of lawyers,'
professional : politicians - and - corpora
tion tools: or.i a governing body com
posed Of level-headed - American farm
ers, sturdy I American workmen believ
ing In t the square deal,!; together i with
our best and bravest, whom we have
toasted, dined and written- verses about
our soldiers?' -. - :
Ten j to one I vote for rule by a
soviet consisting of ; our,, i workmen,
farmers and soldiers, as against the
very truthful - conditions' outlined t in
your editorial, which have by .no
means i entirely . changed.
rsever tricksters who ,know the way
to "throw a scare" into a word, ; havo.1
stampeded the timid and. penectiy non-.
est mass of people by- their , spasm)
over the word ? "soviet." It is a good
word. It stands for a i perfectly good
idea, that of real majority rule by an
association of workmen, farmers and
soldiers, to develop industry and com
mercet and safeguard the interests of
the vast majority . whom' their callings
represent. Please put' it to vote.
. - r 1 E. F. B.
Land That Is" In , Bondage
Portland, April 1. To the Fditor of
The Journal Speculation In land and
hirh tnnnnMlv nrices for land must be
abolished if we are to lower the cost of
llvlngi "This was the message carried
to the farmers of the Northwest by Wil
liam Kent of the federal tarirr comrtis
slon. 3im a practical- farmer and
tockman on a -large scales Mr. Kent,
one of the most interesting and Influen
tial" figures at Washington, went co at.
Paul to address a mass meeting of farm
ers as the representative of the federal
prvernment. Discussing the land nuta
tion, he aid : ? 4"-::' . r
"Permit me for a moment to take up
in this regard something that you must
meet If you are going to create a move
ment of real democracy. ? The land is a
matter of the utmost importance. You
can't raise your product cheaply on high
priced land, because land most be paid
for oat of the produce of the land.. '
"I wanted to offer a prize worth while
cn the beat assay on the cost of produc
ing a ham, showing the portion of th
cost of the ham 'due to land prices. I
tised to sell land out in - Nebraska at
$12.50 an acre, and at : that time six
crops of 20 cent , corn f would keep a
farmer alive and pay for the land, but
now It would take my "Han six crops
of .75 cent corn to do the same thing.
Nour afl that falls back on the fellow
who hasn't got any land. The cost
COMMENT AND
- , SMALL CHANGE v
Aw,' quit yer foolln. -
. . . . .. . .1 . i
v Have you "bit" yet?
So this is the month' of showers.
- Now we're Interested in seeing a Glass
arm put the Victory loan over the plate.
Anyway, the men who lost the "biggest
ones'' still have the "tales" to show for
it. --A V ' :.,- . --,.-'
'f ,.yjv f :::.r .-." : ';' "
While we're thinking something for
another paragraph we'll just jot this one
down.
' ' Even should the country go "smoke
less," there's the hereafter to think
about. : . . , ..
- , . -v l"; ;k: .1- - i-.-.s. : .v'
Garlic Is now quoted at $1 the pound.
Tes, yes, the market, so to speak, is
strong, j v-.;.:-.
- - A man named Appel Is national squash
champion. In other' Words, squash is
"apple pie" for him. t
Another nice thing about digging In
the garden is that you can harvest a
crop of worms for the little old fish
hook, '
,
Every time our little one tries to op
erate the talking machine we are more
than ; ever convinced she is a regular
little record breaker. ;
OBSERVATIONS AND IMPRESSIONS
OF THE' JOURNAL MAN '
i t.1'- ' By Fred Lockley 1' .
rrfco.. wh wnnid daiirht to Me a lart bsUt
amarican contingent coins down to the JJ
hips to do buainaaa upon Ui great watem.-wui
read with interest this article b Mr. IKlr.
who haa eertainly shown bJ faittf br hi works, ;
aa will appear upon f nrther-perusal. .
i -J.-.-K-, i
The West Hardaway. PorUand 'built
steel steamship, 8800 tons, Is on her
way to Honolulu. She weighed anchor,
on March 0. i At Honolulu she will load
with sugar, go through the Panama
canal, discharge it at some east coast
port, such as Newport News or New
York city, and reload for France. It
seems unfortunate that with our wonder
ful system of inland transportation, with
our ready access to the sea, with our
inexhaustible raw products, we cannot
have plying from this port aeveral lines
of steamers, to Honolulu, to South Amer
ica and to the Orient. I was particu
larly interested in. the West Hardaway
because my son Lawrence is a member
of her crew. He has recently been dis
charged from the military service and,
like all of-the other boys who failed to
get, overseas, was disappointed ithat he
did not get to France. To gratify his
love Of adventure .J let him ship as an
ordinary seaman on the West Hardaway.
As "a matter of fact I would like to
sign on as an ordinary seaman my
self. I thrive on hard work and ad
venture. I cannot understand how there
can be any shortage of men to restore
our merchant marine to - the : sea As
long as young chaps have red blood In
their veins and feel ' the lure Of travel
and adventure, surely we shall be able
to obtain plenty of the best type of men
to man our merchant ships.--
i - i - j .
. There is something magic in the very
name of Hawaii. Its whole history is
tinged with romance and charm. : Our
histories " tell us the Islands were dis
covered by Captain James Cook In 1778,
but centuries before this, away back
in the -Thirteenth century, a Japanese
junk, blown far out of her course, land
ed her men at Maui.: More than 200
years before Captain Cook, the English
navigator.- discovered the islands the
survivors of a Spanish ship en route
from Mexico to the ; Philippine islands
landed, about 1557. on the shores -of
Hawaii.
There are eight 'inhabited Islands la
the Hawaiian group. ' The total area
Is 6449 square miles'. - The area of
Harney county is 9953. You could put
the whole of the Hawaiian Islands In-
-slde Harney county and have enough
land left over to make-Benton uiatsop,
Columbia, Hood River and Multnomah
counties, and stiH.- have enough over
that to srlve 1200 returned ; soldiers a
quarter section each. ' '
s The i largest of the Hawaiian group
Is Hawaii. whch. has an area of 4015
sauare miles, xoe second largest is Maui,
728 square miles. Oahu has 698, Kauai 647.
Molokal I the leper island) zsi. iLanai
139. Nilhau 97 and KoHtoiawe 69 square
miles. The famous king, Kamehameha,
was able to consolidate all of the Islands
under his rule in 1795. That picturesque
fieure in the history of the South Seas.
Queen Lilluokalanl, was the eighth and
last monarch of the Hawaiian isianas;
she was deposed in 189S. For five years
the Republic of Hawaii lasted, but in
1898 the a islands were annexed to the
United States as one of ur territories.
One after another of our territories have
become states until today we have 48
of that ham is found In the cost of the
feed that goes Into the hog. and the cost
of the land on which the hog grows and
the. fellow working In the '.city In the
factory, he has no means of recouping
that added charge, ; Take the price of
city real estate the cost of these great
alleys of overbuilt buildings, tremendous
extravagances., all of Vhich has : to vest
upon the backs of those who are creating
useful production. .
"There Isn't any more free land worth
anything. When people get up, as Sena
tor Harding did a short , time ago, and
talk glibly about putting the soldiers
that return from the trenches back on
the lands, he will find, that they are eon
trolled privately, that there will be
somebody owning the' land that has any
value, and that they will put a price
on that Sand In accordance with the Me
mar.d for It. If a man were told to
go west and grow up with the" country
he" probably would keep going; until he
dropped off at Seat Rocks or at the
Cliff House into the Pacific -ocean and
et his feet, There Isn't any more free
land. Some way or other, we have got
to recognize the fact that while perma
nent tenure of land Is good, -and tends
to the permanence of society,? we have
U recognise that tenure should depend
cn the highest possible use of that land,
and society afiould demand - that .there
be no fee simple title whereby a man
is entitled to Vuln his land and leave it
barren. 'There should be no chance for
unproductive land speculation, I can
talk 'here freely, because I have had a
land mania that I have inherited from
my ancestors away. back, and I have
bought and sold and speculated la land
In about all quarters of tha. Union; ami
it's too easy It's taking , marbles from
children. It's a : contemptible ' way of
making money; but.! just took this on
incidentally, thinking that someone was
going to make money, and-might spent
it better than the other; f ellow.
Would that we had more men of cour
age and conviction who had wealth and
power and would speak and act like Mr.
Kent. They alone are In position to
solve the labor, problem peaceably, elf
tl-ey wili practice what they preach,
' J. R, HERMANN.
Objects' to Daylight Saving
Portland. March 28. To the Editor of
The Journal I suppose It is no use now
to . protest against the change of time
next Sunday, but - our minds . are so
racked by so many . different - things
Just now that I cannot understand how
the government can impose this change
Into our dally life. It will be a severe
strain on - young and old. It has. just
j struck me that there is a passage in,
NEWS IN BRIEF
OREGON - SIDELIGHTS . r
The first dictaphone In Grant county
has just been installed in the office of
an attorney at Canyon City. . -:
' Coqullle has now four public drinking
fountains, which were ordered by ,the
city council last summer.
The- Gardiner i Index reports the ad
vent of spring 1 weather of the- finest
brand, following six weeks of storms.
On or before May 1 the Roseburg Re
view will be increased tn sise from four
pages to eight pages, seven columns.
v "Amity is to have a community Com
mercial - club. A drive for members,
with a banquet as a feature, will be
held April I1- ,
A credit rating, bureau covering Wasco
and perhaps Sherman county is to be
installed by The Dalles Chamheof
Commerce for the benefit of local mer
chants. , : m '
-Enterprise Is on the way to be a paved
city. Rids for the first unit will be
asked for about April 15 and it is ex
pected that work will start on the grad
ing about May 1.
' Plans have been prepared, at Pendle
ton for-the building of a band .stand,
to cost about 1500, at 'the North . Side
park where the Pendleton band will give
concerts during the summer. ,
states . and but two territories, Alaska
and Hawaii. ,
.... :. . e .
Hawaii Is 2318 miles southwest of
Portland. The legislature of i the Ter
ritory of Hawaii has a senate of 15
members and a house of 30 members.
The senators and representatives are
elected by the people and meet bienni
ally. - The Territory of ..Hawaii has a
delegate in. congress who has the floor
privileges n the house but ,does not
have a vote. .
: j '. ' e a e . t ;. 7'c ri'-'--.
Honolulu, the capital of the territory
and the metropolis of the Islands, has
a population of about 75,000.. Hilo, also
on the island of Hawaii, is the second
largest city in. the islands and has a
population of nearly 10,000. The Ter
ritory of Hawaii, according to the last
census, has a population of 250,627-: this
includes our military forces stationed
there. . The Japanese outnumber the
other races, there being 102,479 Japanese
in the Islands. ?; The Portuguese come
next with a population of 23,990.. The,
native Hawaiian - population Is 23,450.
HThen come Chinese with 22,100. V The
combined American, British, Russian
and German population is 30,118. There
are 19,150 Filipinos and 19,850 mixed
bloods. , There are 5240 Portuguese and
2921 Spanish. All other races combined
have 6380. 1 '
e
The Hawaiian school children have an
easier time than do the children of our
country, for the Hawaiian alphabet has
but 12 letters.- In most of the words they
have put in all the vowels their con-"
science will allow, and then have added
a few more for good luck. The Ha
waiian word for "yes" is "ae." "No"
Is "aole." "Aloha" means welcome to
ur island," "goodbye," or "my love
goes with youV "Hale" means "house,"
while "hele" means "to walk." "Hokele"
Is a "hotel," while "holoku" Is "gown"
and "hula" Is a Hawaiian dance. "Kelkl
kane is "boy;" 5 "kaikamahlne" is "girl?,
and .--.kelkl" is j "child," Do yot notice
how strong for vowels they are? ,
; . ' : ' - , e . ' .
Go where yoif will la Hawaii, you will
find beauty of scene and points of inter
est. It is a land of contrast. Blue
green waves creep gently. up the golden,
foam wet shore. Palm trees, pineapples,
banana trees, sugar cane and flowers
of tropical , luxuriance are. there. By
looking upward you can see 10,000 feet
above you the mountain peaks and the
huge extinct crater of Halakala. nearly
two miles above the sea. Here, too, you
will see Kllaues, : the world's largest
active t' volcanov Muana Kea lifts its
stately head 13,825 feet above the .foam
kissed shore. . x
- - . I ' ; ' - - 7 -. .
Honolulu is well called the crossroads
of the Pacific; It Is about 2318 miles
from Portlands 2100 from San Francisco,
2232 from Los Angeles, 8445 from Yoko
hama, 4917 from Hongkong,- 4665 from
Panama. 2395 from Sitka, 8721 from
Vladivostok, 8337 from Guam and 2240
from Apia. . '
.
The West Hardaway's trip will log
something like this: 2318 miles from
Portland to Honolulu, 6700 from Hono
lulu to New York city by ; way of the
Panama canal, ' or a trip' of something
over 9000 miles. May the day soon come
when Portland will awake to-the value
of maritime trade and when we shall
bend every effort to make closer the
bonds of commerce and friendship with
our Hawaiian: neighbors.
Scripture In Revelations, I think that
speaks about a certain government (or
beast) that shall seek to change tunes
and laws. Is it possible that it can be
our government? If so. we have a good
deal of trouble and turmoil to look for
ward to, and : should at least have our
minds clear and steady and not frazzled
by changes of habits and loss of sleep.
as this change Is sure to result In
. . DAEHE.
. Yes; They May Keep Them
Mayville. March 28. To the Editor of
The Joarnal Kmdly advjse me as to
whether or not a bill has been ' passed
whereby discharged soldiers may keep
their uniforms, '
, GEORGE F. PIERCE.
' Business Slan's Prayer
. Teach me that 60 minutes make one
hour, 16 ounces one pound and 100 cesta
-one dollar, ij Help me to live so that I
can lie down at night with a clear con
science, without a gun under my pillow
and undaunted by the faces of those to
whom I have brought twin. Grant that I
may earn my meal ticket on the square
and that in earning it I may not stick
the gaff where it does not belong. Deafen
me to the jingle of tainted money and
to the rustle of unholy skirts. Blind me
to the faults of the other fellows but
reveal ; to mo mine own. ' Guide me so
that each night: when I look across the
dinner table at my wife, who has been
a blessing, to me, I may have nothing to
conceal, t Keep me young enough to
laugh with my jchUdreiv And when
comes the smell of flowers and the tread
of soft steps, and the crunching of
wheels out in front, make the ceremony
short and the epitaph simple, -"Here lies
a man." . . .
, Why Not? -
From the Peekakill t. T. Jfew
' Up to March 15 the balloting on the
League of Nations conducted on the Pa
cific coast by the Portland (Or.) Journal
showed 20,100 In favor of the proposed
league and 117 against it Why not
make it unanimous?
Olden Oresron ;
Stephen F. Chadwick, First Secretary
of State to Become Governor. .
: The first secretary of state to succeed
to the governorship in Oregon by reason
of that office . becoming vacsnt was
Stephen F. Chadwick.7 who became gov
ernor in February 1877, when Governor
(.Trover resigned to take his seat in the
United States senate. - Governor Chad-
wick served till September, 1878.
Ragtag and Bobtail
Stories From Everywhere
The Fool Family's Monry ' ' ;
THERE Is such a thing as luck, ac
cording to Capper's Weekly, which
illustrates ' by means of this example :
Seventeen years ago. Joe Duke, a poor
farmer In Georgia, went in debt to buy
160 acres of West Texas land at 81 an
acre, and, ae far as anybody knew, got
"stung at that. Now he is refusing
$10,000 an acre for the farm. It is In
the center of the new. Texas oil fields.
anfrated as worth more than a million
dollars. Here Is where the bad luck
cornea in j The tuke t family has so
much money It doesn't.know what to
do with It, and Mrs. Duke has persuaded
her husband to take his family of eight
children to New York, where they can
see the bright lights and enjoy the gay
life of the metropolis. A sudden for
tune Is a test of character few can stand,
A Desk Motto
How many dam fool tilings wa' Mid
- - - It make aa blttsU, aim, to own.
' Ko doubt we bse, wiihln our head.
At least on lob of solid bone. .
And ret, boob ai w are, we oua-ht
To hand oanwlrea a eertaln credit:
How many an idiot thins w' tlxmitit
And "till kept cool anil never said it,
i Philadelphia : ETtnlnf, Ltdftr.
ITncle leff now Says: ,
A whole lot of people's afraid of this
country be in ketdied in some sorter Jam;
and squeesed to death by. a League of
Nations. . To hear .these statesmen holler'
you might think Uncle . Sam wasn't
smart enough to set Into a poker game
with any of them British, European j
Chink or Rooshan statesmen. "- I've a
idea we'll find out Uncle Sam . is jls
as handy around a peace table as around.
a battlefield.
The News in Paragraphs
World Happenings Briefed for Benefit
of Journal Readers .
GENERAL
The transatlantic fiiarht from St. John at
N. F., to England is planned for April li.
A streetcar conductor in St. Louis has
returned $1100 to the company, which
he claims be stole during the last year. ;
Irish delegates named to plead In Paris
for Ireland's freedom have sailed from
New York on the French liner Tour
alne. 1
More than 10.000 persons at a mass
meeting In New York Sunday .protested
against national . prohibition effective
July 1. i
-, John F. Stevens, the American engi
neer, left Vladivostok for Harbin on
March 18V to take control of the Slberiap
railway. , 1
Cantaln John Jacob Astor. who ar
rived home from Europe , in February,
had part of his leit ve amputated a.
few days ago. . (
Plans for m world-wide prohibition
campaign were announced Sunday in -
ivw xum a.L neauuurFS ui iew
Era - ' movement, of tbe : Presbyterian
church. - '- . t
In an address at New York ; Satur
day night Charles E. Hughes predicted
that Russia, the home of Bolshevism,
soon will kill - Bolshevism by - proving
its economic fallacy.
Gabrlelle d'Annunsio announces that
he has begun the manufacture of flivver
airplanes so small as to be capable of
landing on almost i any country . road
and designed to sell for $11:00. (
Senator McNary lis informed bjrT1
rector General III nee that no ties wtll
be purchased by the railroad adminis
tration ' except those absolutely neces
sary to the safe operation of traln4.
Striking machinists at San Francixeo
and Oakland agree to go back to work
on promise of, retroactive Increase Iti
wages to $6.40 a day from October M
and the granting of a Haturday halt
noiiaay.
:SKt I
y of P.sy-
' ' NORTHWEST NOTES
TrllHnir for Oil in the Vlclnltv
mond. Wash., will begin at an early date.
Kenneth C Andrews, who has ben
In the navy about a year, haa returned
to Oregon City, . - -
Every foot of the Columbia highway
from Hood River to Portland Is re
ported in excellent condition 'i
The quarry of the Columbia Contract
company at St. Helens "has resumed
operations, .employing 25 men.
A. JA Loreneen, a pioneer of 1859 end
a resident of Walla Walla for 40 yer
died in that city Sunday, aged 74. j
The Pacific Powei k Lleht comoan v
f haa filed application.; to Increftfte the gas
rate s per cent an waua wuua. 1
The Orsde Teachers association sat
Walla Walla is asking an increase 'of
25 per cent In the salaries of grade
teachers. ' I - ' 1 '
Farmers and ranchers In the While
Salmon district are securing; help through
the United States employment ageiwy
at Portland. - , i ;
Articles of - Incorporation of the Fnll
River Mill company were? filed at Ku-
gene Saturday. They 1 win operate 1
o Derate 1 a
sawmill near Fail creek,;
hi near Fan creek,,'
"Ma lor Fred Locke, who left his lum
ber business in Seattle In 1915 to jeln
the British troops (n France, returned
to his home city last week. I
With the sala by W. W. MscFsrland
of Cottar Grove of the last of his pig,
receipts from one sew and her progeny
during a. period of: 18 months reached
$44. - I ....... t .
Robert E. Cadden. a soldier at Camp
Lewis, lesped safely from an army Air
plane Sunday at an altitude of 2(00
feet, using a new triple parachute for i
filers. j -"V
Toledo farmers ori Saturday completed
unloading their second load of ground
limestone received from the state lime
plant. The lime la costing $4 per toa
f. o. b. i ... 1 -
St. Helens is experiencing a building
activity which entails the expenditure,
of close to $100.000i A new municipal
dock and a $40,000 school bouse . are
among the projects.
The body found half buried near Ren.
ton. Wash., on February 14 has been,
positively identified as that of Harry
Dunmire, ; who it Is thought was nuur
dered for his money. - .
Al Gove aged 30,was instantly killed
at Bend Sunday ahen he drove the
gasoline speeder on which he was riding
at high speed head-On into an approach
ing logging locomotive.
5 After -shooting up Mexican bank
house at Bliss', Idaho, kllliriK one of the
oceupaots. and then disarming a sheriff
and his deputy, Andrew Jones, a negro.
was arrestea ana jaiiea.
FOREIGN
Oiieen Marie of Itoumania has arrived
in Paris from London. - (
-" Russian Bolshevik forces have evneu
sted Kiev and are i turning their atten
tion to the Roumanians, j .
The commander lof --'the allied trtxps
has declared FiumS,! Austria's big port on
the Adriatic, to be i in a state of siege.
Additional German liners and other
large German steamers, all salting under
the armistice lag, have arrived off JUeal.
. France is Insisting that her boundaries
as fixed by the treaty of Paris May 30,
1814, be restored to her, together with
the Saar basin. ;
The first cargo I of American food
stuffs to arrive In Germany will' be
divided among Hamburg. Altona. Berlin.
Dresden, Leipzig and Magdeburg, t
Teach. Ch ildreri to Earn, t
Sa.veand to Have. j
: 18torlr of acliieTemmt tn tlx acctimils.
tion of War Mseinc. atamps, sent to Th
Jrmrnml and amentee tor publication, wdl
b swrdd a Tbrtft Stasnp. 1 - j
A dime to many an American child
does not mean two nickels or 10
pennies but two sodas. . Money to
Young 'America has value only as It
buys something right away. To earn
simply to spend Is not so wholesome
by far as to earn to have. . Earn a
living and learn to live. ;
Thrift SUmpa and 1919 War Sav
ings Stamps now on sale at usual
agencies. j