The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 31, 1919, Page 4, Image 4

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O ' IT?
ni'ffi cflMATiniPiui
Described as "Joan of Arc" Who
Failed;- Possessed With Idea
He Was Spokesman for Deity.
: Some Man, Still Unknown to His
' . tory, Held Responsible as Real
Instigator of World Wan
fc ' V r- ,By Bea Heeht
- Special 'WlnleM to The Journal ud Th CUe&ca
fCcpyrlctit, ISIS, By tWH) WW rwi uaj
Berlin, March IL "I vu advisor to.
Wilhelm II for many years. said fro
t essor Adelph von Harnaclc to ma - to
day. 'We ' frequently disputed about
God and religion and it was the kaiser's
theology, that brought him to Ameron
geu The kaiser was a Joan of Are who
failed. He suffered from 'spiritual pos
sessions.' I often tried to convince his
majesty before Me war that his ortho
doxy . and - Interpretations of - the B!ble
were obsolete and dangerous. During;
the last few years proceeding the war.
his majesty and X Continued our theo
logical discussions. - We read and talked
science and discussed the possibilities of
the development of the race.
"When he was himself, the kaiser was
kindly, peace loving man. He was
very sentimental and modest, but the
illusions which came to theMald of
Orleans came to him. I have seen him
when a strange light came Into his
eyes, when the Idea that be was the
instrument through which the Deity
spoke overpowered him, .his voice would
change and his manner grow curious.''
The Venerable white haired theologian
(rased sadly at the bullet riddled walnut
celling of his office In the Royal Acad
emy of Science In Unter den Linden.
During the height of the November rev
olution the marines bombarded the
academy and the sun now peeped
through the bullet rents In the red win
dow hangings. . '
Hanger Went Menace
.We have left these marks untouched,"
continued Dr. Harnack, pointing to the
bullet holes. "They remind me that the
kaiser Is gone and that something else
has come In hie place. i ,
I asked the professor If he meant Bol
shevism. ------- V.. -!;;
"Yes." he said; "Bolshevism has eome.
The hunger of the German people today
threatens the world more than did the
.sword of William IX Bolshevism is a
form of ungodliness that has come into
the world. The masses affected by
hardship and hunger find themselves as
sailed bjr Bolshevism and heresy. The
father of Bolshevism is Socialism. The
disciples of Karl Marx started out to
improve the lot of mankind. Their
theories are like the water from a foun
tain which, rising to a certain height,
describes , curve and fails formlessly
to the earth. '"Bolshevism is the water
from the- fountain of Socialist theories
coming -down. , There Is only one remedy
for political fanaticism and that is re
ligion." I asked the professor what he thought
of) the religious condition of Germany
as a result of the war. . i
. Chaim Widened by War ,
"The faith of. the German people was
Rot affected by the war." he answered.
"One thing, however, happened: Those
who were religious before the war are
imiai i
rwt q 1 r
Single ?r"" ' "
; v ;
r.iX .' - - :dy-::.-yfsr 31
rors Peculiar XhljVfe.tie'tcyt'IW'fe
wnP '- ? f fJ; - , IKS
Group r t men from buttery C, 148t h
ai icr navmg seen in aeuvo servjee at ine iron, in ine bl uniei ana Argonne drives. They remained at
the front two days after, the armistiee news arrivetL Fenrlek- Stevenson,- a Portland' boy, is seated on
the traek. . ; .u w- : - ' " :: VVy-lj... y-'-t
Tanks Who Served
In Britisli Army"
Are on way Home
H- :. . i 11 1 . .. 4 .... . . r
London, March 11. England Sunday bid
goodbye to more than 2000 Americans,
sailing to ; the ; United i States on the
Mauretania after more than four years
service in the British army on the west
ern front- .,.-,1 .i :.. i : -This
la the first lot to be repatriated
of more, than, J9, 000 Americans who en
listed in the f British armies prior to
America's entry into -the" war.
. Thousands witnessed the farewell cer
emony, which city officials In white wigs
and i robes of stats attended.- Liverpool,
the vailing port, was ablaze with Star
Sparigled banners, f:. -';.
Admiral Sims, " commander of "the
American naval -; forces - in- Kuropean
waters, sailed on the Mauretania.
more; violent than ever, and those who
were I unbelievers before the war are
more violent tn their heresies today than
ever. This chasm between the believer
and the unbeliever is one of the things
most dangerous to the world. It may
bring on another era of religious con
flict," : ' . .
"Does German theology reconcile re
ligion and war?" I asked. .
"Tes,". he said. "God has nothing to
do with wars This I frequently, told
the kaiser. Heaven Is no material, place,
but'ls entirely Isolated from earthly
disturbances. The kaiser differed with
me. He held ; that heaven ; was con-
cerned with the doings of the world and
that God took sides with Ills chosen
people. The kaiser believed that he was
of the chosen. It was too bad that such
an . intelligent, kindly man should be
come the victim ofsuch obsolete the
"Do you think the kaiser was insane r
I asked.
"Not insane," the professor answered,
"bub the victim of fanaticism. He him
self would never have started or gone
into the war. There was some evil one
had - his ear, - but I don't know who It
was. Even the czar had his Rasputin.
wuneim 11 had some man. still' un
known to history, aa his satanic coun
i ui'.'iiiiija'.1 itiuiuLmi'.imj
sV? Et'
HiHJffwgVfeg " s
"w l'TsTssTaTaTaTaTaTMBssassBBSBissHSHS-l
r.-.yT" r 1 1 i i i i i A'"v wrr t
. ' " g "ifr 'va.- --4 ii
field artillery, on their way to U ermany witn the army of oceupation, :
Crisis In Hungary and Roumania
- Critcial With Allies Watch-
ing Bolshevism. -
" . By Kabofh Hedin
Paris, March tl. Peace and war still
hang in the balance. Naturally, the peo
ple who have just defeated the world's
greatest militarists are not ) prone to
recommend arms against whatever alto
the world.
'"The Hews from Budapest: is conflict
ing. Some reports picture Bolshevism
going through the regular stages in Rus
sian style while others indicate pacific
intentions on the part of the Hungarian
soviet government, including such &n
autocracy toward the Roumanians.
The opponents of Bolshevism expound
on the imperialist character of the new
doctrine- and declare that' unless the
allies fight . the radicals they will . be
ADiet Will 3tot Attack ;
Others say it is as useless as estab
lishing a military barrage against
measles. Nevertheless- the French So
cialistic press reports' the shipping of
lairge . quantities of . artillery toward
Roumania : and : reinforcements for
Odessa.''-- ' '! - '
The truth-is that unless the Bolahe
rists attack the allies there will be no
general mobilisation against them.
The Polish, situation is still critical.
General Haller's army is still there and
if it lands at Danzig- It might be the
spark for starting new fighting. The
Germans are rushing troops toward the
port and declare they will not let the
Poles -. land, because such a . landing
would not only cause .riots but would
be the first sign of permanent Polish
occupation, j .
: Some Think Germany Bis ff lag :
- If the dispute continues It might be
come a question of military prestige,
which is ure to cause renewed fight
ing. Others ; think Germany is bluff
ing. - While she Is really resigned to
tne surrender or Danaig she la making a
noise In order to be pacified by permis
sion to incorporate Austria.
. Hitherto the allies lacked a definite
policy. Poland was promised a sea out'
let without Germany being forced to
admit the loss of Dansler. This after
noon, however, th -blg four" met at
the war office and gave General Foch
orders as to what policy to pursue,
though exactly what was considered is
a miniary secret. , -
Entente May IMiplay Fore
xl v.pvssiuiQ uie ames may make a
display 01 rorce w&ich will aaraln mt-
vi nee ine Germans tnat they are beaten.
oecause 11 tney are allowed to ' iut
vnrougn weir uanziff Stand thev r.
tamiy wm not yield on other ncinta
laier. !.-, f
1 A '
Telephone J reports from 3 TtnAart
through Vienna indicate that the Ameri
can representatives there were well
treated, while the local well-to-do classes
are being compelled to give-an inventory
on all property in banks, shops and fac-
trtw!U, viw to ultimate socialisa
tion. The allied flags, which w,r, ,i.
down, have been ordered back. . ?
It is unlikely that tne HunnH... ...
mad enough to make war en the entente.
Japanese Charged i
witn unaernanded
Acts in Manchuria
By William H. nn.
Special Cable to The Joonial and n t,b.M
DaQy News. .
(Copyright, 'Mil, by Cbieace Sady Kws Co.)
Mukden, Manchuria, via Pekin. China.
Jkiarcn gi. The Japanese
American and British residents in Muk
den to pay an income tax, demanding 5
per cent The Americans, desirous of
avoiding a conflict with the Japanese,
have paid the amounts demanded under
protest while awaiting Pekin's decision.
The Japanese are acting more energeti
cally with the Chinese, and In the event
that they refuse to pay. threaten to ar
rest them. Foreign merchants complain
that the Japanese are Rising the : post
office to . avoid paying export dutr on
furs uid other articles being sent; by
parcel post. Americans using the Jap
anese postofflce are made to pay the
duty. This enables the Japanese mer
chants to get the articles 5 ner cent
cheaper. Direct proofs of Japan's action
have already been secured.
Complaints are also made that foreign
merchandise coming over from the ports
are, held a long time, the object being
to enable the Japanese merchants to con
trol the markets. , Zrotests so far
been useless. There is general rtsatis
faction among; the foreigners concerning
the obstacles which the Japanese are
placing in the way of their doing busi
ness. .,' .. .. -
Supplies for Allied
Prisoners In Russia
Carried by, ' Y' Man
By. Bassett Blrbr -
Bpeeial Cabla to The Journal and The Ohieago
va.u7 item.
(Oopyrlcbt. 101. by Chkado Daily Kewi Co.)
Stockholm, Sweden. Ilarch il Tak
ing about a ton of food, clothing and
medicaments for American and allied
prisoners. Louis Penningroth of the
Toung Men's Christian - Association has
been permitted to enter Bolshevist Rus
sia- from Finland. While - passing
tnrougn Stockholm - Mr. Penningroth
told me that his journey was entirely
unofficial but thai he hoped to amelio-
.rate tne condition? or the prisoners and
possiDiy arrange tot tne exenange or
liberation of some . of ' them. -
So far as Minister Ira Kelson Morris
Knows there are only four Americans
being held by the Bolsheviki, namely,
Zenophon ' Kalamantlano, 'a business
man; a Mr. Treadwell, George Albers
and Thomas Huston. -The two last are
captured soldiers from the Archangel
contingent. These , four prisoners, who
are in Moscow, enjoy a large degree of
personal liberty. They. must work part
of the day;. but they have many op
portunities of strolling , around the city
though they must report at the Jail
every night. 7 Probably alone among the
worlsTS prisoners of i war they are al
lowed a weekly free visit to the theater.
Mr.. Penningroth hopes to devise some
means by which the 800,000 prisoners
who are stilLin Germany can be placed
in commumcation with their relatives
at home. Many of these men have now
been seven or .-elghtr .years away from
tneur zamuies, as the war began when
they were near the end of their period
of - draft : service and ' were :a week's
journey from .their native villages.
Junkers of Germany
Call on Young Men
To Defend' Estates
Berlin. March 31. "Students,' school
boys and cadets, your country calls on
you to join the volunteer corps for the
defense of , agricultural estates and
farms."' 1
This is the latest appeal to youths of
the upper classes advertised in the news?
pt pers and considered by influential per
sons, of conservative opinion to be pre
parative o a final battle to reestablish
the old regime.
General Maerker, one of the founders
of the volunteer corps, explained that
the appeal was being made for. the up
per classes because the workmen had
proven "unreliable." , .
The , food - situation is becoming so
serious the government Is - planning to
send expeditions of city people into the
country to get food from the farmers
and food borders. . This is bound to lead
to riots, and to be taken advantage of
by the militarists, who will arm the
country people to march into-the cities
r.nd disarm the workmen and overthrow
the government.: -
,V .. '' ,-. 1...
Better than fresh cooked,
ready to serve
- r i try a can today
Possibility of Bolsheviki Being
Able to Join Hungarians Held
Grave Menace to All Europe.'
Either. Prophecy of "New War"
Will Be FulHIIed or -Europe
Will Adjust Itself to Conditions
v "
.' X By Robert. Welles Ritchie
' London, ' March 11. Never before in
the history of Europe not even in the
crucial moments of the spring of 3918
has the coming of spring signalized
the beginning of an era marked with
such potentialities of change as this year
of peace. . Before the rising sun, which
will loosen the ice chains from Russia,
wanes into autumn, all Europe will know
whether the new dispensation called Bol
shevism is -a passing, manifestation ' or
post-war frenzy or a new order before
which , kings, and democrats will have to
Either Lloyd George's latest prophecy
of the allies being "reawakened bv a
new war" will be fulfilled before mid
summer or Europe will adjust itself to
a sail spreading across the peace con
gress new - boundaries of the v 191S
apocalypse engineered by Jews In posses
sion of a wild prophetic vision which is
called Bolshevism. .
' 4 London Europe's Capital
Since the news that Hungary had
gone Bolshevist had declared . war
against Serbia and had prepared to de
fend her rights against allied Interfer
ence. I have attempted to gain In Lon-
I don, which is still the capital of Europe,
aespite tne far. peace snow, an ade
quate conception of the present status of
Bolshevism versus Western Europe. .:-
I first visited Captain Yovan Yovano
vitz, military attache of the Serbian le
gation, a veteran of the Balkan .ara
and also of the great wax. He is thor
oughly conversant with the Balkan situ
ation through a recent visit there,
i i M. Tovanovitz declared that no official
word had been received at the embassy
concerning the , soviet Hungarian war
declaration because of the Cable delays,
but he doubted if a formal war declara
tion had been Issued from Budapest. -
f Serbian Army Is Safe "
: Though , unadvised except through
press, dispatches, we are inclined to be
lieve that the Hungarian attack against
the Serbs holding the border villages is
a precursor of a general attempt to expel-the
Serbian army from the zone of
occupation, From a military viewpoint
the Serbians or Jugo-Slavs have noth
ing to fear, because at the best the
Hungarian army, numbering 60,000 has
no ' chance against Jugo-Slav forces
thrice. larger. - " '
"But if. with ' the coming of. spring,
.11 ---
the Russian Bolshevist array, reported
to be at the frontier of Hungary, Joins
forces with . the Hungarians, a serious
military -situation . will be .presented.
particularly - because Roumania is sur
rounded on three7 sides, I and Judging
from latest reports, Bulgaria is likely
to J swing to the- Bolsheviki as a result
of Lenine's gold.
Sesmaaia May Fall .
"I am confident the Jugo-Slavic army
is competent - to turn Bolshevism from
the remainder of the Balkans, even If
Roumania falls, but a delicate situation
arises through Italian aspirations in
Dalmatia, which complicates the sltua
tion. : '
"No, I don't think there is a possi
bility of the spread of Bolshevist doc
trines ' among the Jugo-Slavs, because
we are a simple people -and -all at
tached to the soil. : With no aristocracy
or socalled proletariat, no fruitful soil
for Bolshevism can be seen.. Though
monarchy ostensibly, - we are republican
and very satisfied with existing condl
tions politically."
Welded la family Ties
. M. Tovanovltx admitted that the food
situation in Serbia is still very bad,
but he emphatically declared, that It la
unlikely to - foster Bolshevism, because
the sturdy Jugo-Slavs realize that this
is the result of German and, Austrian
vandalism. Though . Serbia suffered
horribly, her-, people are too wedded to
the ancient ideas of ; the family and
feudalism to become Infected with Bol
shevist communism, M. Tovanovits de
clared. Dr. Edward Benes. Czecho-Slovak for
eign minister, commenting on the Hun
garian coup d'etate, said: .
Aaarehy Forecasted
- "I don't think that what has happened
In Hungary can be described as camou
flage. Undoubtedly the - effect will be
disorganization and ; anarchy of the
worst kind, similar to Russia.
I don't believe that direct military
action against Hungary is wise instead,
complete isolation by a cordon formed by
Czecbo-Slovaks, -Roumanians and Jugo
slavs, shutting Hungary away from the
remainder of Europe on the north and
the east, is essential. ; . '.
"This would save Roumania, which is
now. in a most dangerous position be
cause of the Bolshevist Ukraine to the
east and Hungary to the west. '
;V-;-'t --1 Aastria Eaeearages Beds --i
- "Moreover, i it is absolutely essential
that the allies Inform Austria that any
move favoring Hungary will result in
the cutting off of the food now commg
from Trieste at, the rate of five train
loads daily.
"One of the most serious phases of the
situation Is the possibility that if - the
allies remain supine before Hungary's
revolution, Germany will see that advan
tage of going over to Bolshevism, to
escape the penalties to be Imposed from
Parts. -
"Despite the .German disarmament
under the armistice, with Russian Bol
shevists backing, -the Germans ' might
overturn the balance in favor of Bol
shevism and create a situation disastrous
to all Europe."
Reds Are Well Armed ,
From an American officer recently
returned from - Germany X , learn the
latest news Of the disturbing military
situation which the Bolshevists present.
"The rise of the sun with spring, be
said, "unquestionably will release a
wholesale Bolshevist offensive on every
front. Remember,- the Bolshevik army
numbers more than 1.000,000 men, ade
quately equipped and officered by former
imperial officers,' either adventurers or
made to serve by compulsion. They also
have a fairly good air service built up
by German adventurers. "
The armies face outward in a great
circle, ready to advance as soon as the
ice frees the roads and rivers.
"Unless greatly reinforced, the Wur
man allies -will be overwhelmed and the
Bolshevik armies will swarm through
Hungary to the Balkans.
"I do not believe the world Is free
from war.
Policemen B att le
With Sinn Feiners
Cork, Ireland, March SI. Squads of
policemen and a mob of Sinn Feiners
fought a violent street battle here Sun
day mornlngr both sides using revolvers.
One policeman was dangerously wound
ed. The Sinn Feiners escaped.
Swiss PaperlVants
Anti-Bolshevik Army
. . - " ' ' ' ,' . ' , . -
London, March' JL A t strong appeal
for a Swiss volunteer army to fight
Bolshevism is made by the j Lausanne
Gazette, says a Geneva dispatch. .
Springtime vigor
SPRING is the season for red-blooded people. The
spirit of Springtime the spirit of youth and renewed
life rises iri their veins like sap; Their step is elastic,
their eyes clear. Their energy and enthusiasm are irresist
ible, whether applied to work or play .
Spring is less kind to the weak and thin-blooded.
Dangerous germs come out of the thawed ground to raise
havoc with people whose vitality is low, whose powers. ,
of resistance are . feeble. Furthermore, poison-clogged
blood-In Spring lies stagnant like a sluggish pool. And
stagnant blood means a stagnating body, a stagnating brain, -and
dull-eyed indifference to labor or pleasure.
"The Red
Spring offers you every opportunity to build rich, red blood. The best .
r Spring tonic is ; Gude's Pepto-Mangan. Gude's Pepto-Mangan is a
scientifically prepared blood food. . It supplies the depleted red blood
Uf. wili the elements they need to increase their number and capacity.
It purifies invigorates, and improves the circulation. Thus every cell
- and tissue is supplied with the rich, red nourishment it greatly needs.
' Gude's Pepto-Mangan is a splendid general tonic and appetizer, easy to
digest, promptly assimilated' by the blood, and pleasant to taste. Endorsed
and prescribed by the medical profession for the weak and run-down of
all ages. . -
-M. J. BRZITENBACH CO, Manufacturin- ChemUts, New Yorlc
Says Former Associate
National Aspirations of European
Peoples Engross Attention' of
Powers in Making Up Treaty.
Claims in the Balkans and the
; Near East Are Difficult to
Adjust to Satisfaction of All.
v By Harry Hansen y-y :
Bpeeial Cable to Th Journal uid Tho Chleaso
Iilr News.
(CopyrUht. 191, by Chicsso Dally Hew Co.)
Paris, March 26. (Delayed.) Four
men today sit in judgment of the dis
position . of the enemy's lands Wilson,
Clemenceau. Lloyd George and Orlando.
The powers which in actuality will be
the backbone of ; any League of Na
tions that is organized have begun an
attempY to put into one peace treaty all
the conflicting questions of the war
all the questions dealing with Austria
Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. ; That
is the view at this moment but whether
they will carry out this ambitious pro
gram Is; a question for the future.
For there are as many snags ahead
as there were a week ago when they
were working toward the arrangement
of a peace pact with Germany, to be
signed the first week in April.
Various observers of the negotiations
here describe the procedure as a race
between order and anarchy for the pos
session of the world. It might better
be described ! as a race betweennrder
. j i , . .. .
Army Best Onarantee ,
It Is certain, in spite of what the al
lies think now about military action
being concluded, that the best guaranty
of security of life, and property is an
army under the leadership of Marshal
Foch. , This view has been pressed for
a long time by Italy, which holds itself
ready to protect her frontiers if neces'
sity arises. Italy today is said to have
the largest army under- arms of any of
the allies.- Italy's policies are intensely
practical or they may be described as
realistic Italy- visualizes her national
aspirations and demands that they be
It might be said tn this connection
that two notable changes in opinion
are making themselves felt here. One
Is the disposition to inquire into the
properties of the virus of Bolshevism
rather than, abuse it roundly without
investigation ,
- Investigate Soviets
A man high in the councils of the
Americana was heard to say that one
must not confuse Bolshevism and - the
Blood Baildet"
soviet, that the soviet after all might
he a form of the purest democracy even &
if the principal objection was that they ,
forced to the front the class Issue There '
is also a t tendency to regard fthesoviet :
form of government as ?hot necessarily
ouUawed if It is orderly. .
The second view U that self determi
nation is - still something of an ideal
rather than a workable formula. So far
as possible the commissions have been
trying to realise the present ambition
that the "world be made safe for '
every peace loving nation, which, like
our own. wishes to live Its own life, de
termine its own institutions and be as- '
sured of Justice and fair dealing and
by the other peoples of the world as
against force and selfish aggression." '
Reality Stsmbllng Block
1 has been proved, however, that it
will be perfectly Impossible to put all -the
people of one nationality under one
sovereignty . of their own compatriots .
unless some of them agree to pull up
stakes from practically alien soil and
journey to the headquarters of their'
clan. The conference can hope only to
minimise grievances and not to remove
them. It must take the position that ;
it is-better for the world to have 1.000,
000 Germans in Poland than 12.000,0oO
Poles In Germany. The same situation
applies to -all countries In the Balkans.
When the conference closes the critics
will find plenty of material fpr declar
ing that it failed to achieve this-end
and that it violated the principle of
it is very likely that the trouble sp"dtsi
win nave been narrowed down to an
appreciable extent. - , ?
May Hare IselBilrs Treaty
. It might be observed in this connec
tion that the declaration of independ
ence declares men free and equal, yet
man does not appear to have achieved
intellectual, social or even political
equality in the United States. Yet no
one would for that reason dispense with
the declaration of independence any
more than one would want to obliterate
a golden rule, in spite of the fact that
loving another like yourself has been
rather difficult of application.
The question came -up today whether
the United States can sign peace with
Turkey and Bulgaria simultaneously
with Germany and Austria-Hungary.
In view of the fact that we have never
been at war with the first two. the an
swer from a competent authority is
that we can ; that nations are often
parties to a treaty even though they
are not necessarily the most interested. '
In the case of all four the United States
broke off relations. However, the au
thority X am quoting added, "but it
seems unlikely to me that we will."
Hoover's Eeligion .
Is Now in Doubt
. Paris. March 1L Commenting on the
vast amount of work which has de
volved upon Herbert Hoover,- Inter
allied food administrator, ' within ,the
past few weeks, one peace delegate said
tonight: - -
- "Hoover nsed to be a Christian, but
he has had to swear so much recently
that he Is in danger of losing all re
ligion." . . r . - s
. Dry1: slab wood . and inside . wood,
green stamps for cash. Holman , Fuel
Co.. Main S. A-33CJ. Adv.,
There is only one Pepto
Mangan and that is Gude's.
Sold in bottle and package as
shown here. Sold by dru;.
gists everywhere.
t n n