The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 23, 1919, Page 3, Image 3

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Struggleto Return Home of Poles Stranded in 'QtriWii'W:djrit'if firf
Present Campaign Against Bol
shevists, Conducted All Win
ter,' Will Be Continued.
Commander Expects When Vic
' tory IsWon to Retire and Per
mit Representative Government
By Paul It. Wright
Bpecittl Cable to The Journal and the Chicago
,'; , Iaily New.,
(Copyright. 1919. by Chicago Daily New Co.)
Omsk, Siberia. March 22. Admiral
Kolchak, Siberia's supreme ruler, said
to me today: "Our armies are now en
eased tn a general offensive. This
movement is a fight for position pre
liminary to an even greater offensive
later. The present campaign wilt be
Interrupted soon by a thaw In the Urals
and for a fortnight there will be no
"active operations. Immediately there
after the attack wilt be resumed' In,
order to join our lines with those of
Oeneral Deniken In the south and with
those . at Archangel In the north.
"Winning the fight for position Is the
immediate and definite task. . The
morale of our army is shown by the
fact that the Siberian forces have
pushed an unremitting warfare through!
out a bitter winter, marching- over
country made almost impassable by
snow and maintaining themselves in
positions that would tax the powers of
"a well equipped army of Veterans. Yet
our soldiers' are young and fully out
fitted. The spirit of the citizenry has
been demonstrated in a similar Way.
They have faced their duty bravely.", In
the liberated portions such as Perm our
-army is welcomed with enthusiasm.
". This feeling is strongest In the" dis
tricts where the Bolshevist terror has
been experienced and where Bolshe
vism has been driven out now tt will
" never return."
Admiral Kolchak is evidently sincere
In saying that he regards his position
a a temporary one. "You know," he
said, "that I have taken a public oath
to uphold a representative government
here. This I did at the opening of the
senate, which Is like the American sui
preme court, thinking It wise to con
vene this body in order to take the lead
In demonstrating my loyalty and alle
giance to the real welfare of the coun
try. Then I swore that I considered
the position a sacred trust and that the
powers I now hold would be turned
over to the representatives of the people
as soon as it was possible to hold a fair
election." -'
i Admiral Kolchak" is one of the most
unassuming of the great men of the
world. His. manner suggests nothing of
the conqueror of even the successful
politician. He impresses a visitor as a
conscientious man bearing a great bur
den of responsibility- f
" Interesting Interest '
Sidney. N. S. W.. Feb. 27. (By Mail)
TntprMt on Australia.';! war debt will
arrioun to $100,000,000 annually, accord
ing to announcement made by G. S.
Beeby. minister of labor and Industry of
New South Wales. Of this sum $23,000.
000 wilt be interest on debt incurred in
repatriation of Australian soldiers.
Extra Special Grand
At DeHoney's Beavtlfnl Dancing; Acad
emy, Mnrlark Hall, Twenty-third ana
Washington, Tuesday eTenlng, Karen, Si.
- - - "
In new dances, fancy steps and beautiful
stage dances given, and Mr. De
Honey will give his latest $1 book on
. "Ball Room Etiquet," grace deportment,
new dances, fancy steps and beautiful
, stage and classic dances, free to all at
tending this affair. See the new Orien
tal Fox Trot. Aviation Waltz and Allied
Uavotte. See real dancrsof-tility and
experience, -learn why you should select
as your instructorjeecure my valuable
book free. Extra "Targe orchestra. Ad
mission, Ladies 40c, Gentlemen 75c. Clip
this out, remember date, tell your friends.
Start Monday evening, March 24 and
Thursday evening, March 27; Advanced
: class starts Friday evening, March 28. 8
to 11 :30. One step, three step, fox trot,
,' schottische and waits guaranteed in 8
lessons. Ladies $3, Gentlemen $5. Take
one or 4 lessons a week. Tickets are
; good until used.
"This guarantee term Is worth $15, and
If you ever intend to learn dancing, take
' advantage of this cut rate, for this
week only. Secure your tickets at once.
Join our new classes.
Learn the Glngle Fox Trot and New
Jasa Steps
We have large and select classes and
the social feature of belonging to our
classes is worth double the price.
The Only School with a separate step
. room and 10 extra teachers where back
ward pupils receive special attention.
The Only School teaching eacITlesson
the entire evening, 8 to 11:30. where you
receive the proper amount of practice.
The Only School with a system where
you dance with dozens of different
partners, teaching the gentlemen to lead
and lady to follow correctly (the only
way to become, a practical dancer.) ;
The Only School where each pupil
receives a printed description of all
dances free. We do not teach before
- dancing parties begin, or give short one
hour .lessons, and I conscientiously be
" lleve one lesson from us is worth six in
the average school. The most backward
. pupil will not feel embarrassed.
Our Academy is in the best residence
location and you will meet refined peo
, pie. Private lessons all hours. Lady and
gentlemen instructors. If you desire the
: most simple ballroom dance or the most
. .beautiful stage dance, call afternoon or
evening. All joining my new classes or
taking private lessons this week will re
ceive my valuable book on dancing free.'
-Avoid inferior teachers, learn from pro
fessional dancers, who guarantee to
ieach you to dance. Phone Main 7656.
tail $1 for my valuable book on tranc
Germans Breed Hatred
In Breasts of People
By Oldtime Despotism
- By Anthony Ccarneekl
Special Cable to The Journal and the Chicago
Iaily .Newi
Copyright. 1919. bjr Lhe Chicago Daily cn Co.
Creuz. Posen, . by courier to Paris,
March 22. Women and children and old
men of Polish blood seeking to get home
to their territory held by their own kin
in the province of Posen are suffering
severely. There were hundreds of these
people flying from places held by the
German military at the railroad station
in this town at the moment when the
interallied commission from Poland was
conferring with the German government.
Their sad plight was disclosed when they
pleaded, begged, pushed and nought to
pass the guards and inspectors at the
station to crowd into the second rati,
cars which had waited for hours to move
slowly in the direction of Poseri,
Parcels of various description were
carried by the women, men and even
children. There were trunks, bedding
tied in sheets, bags, grips, boxes and
baskets laden with all the worldly pos
sessions cf these people who were hurry
ing home feverish to taste for the first
time in their life the blessings of freedom
from foreigrn rule and to escape from the
oppressive treatment they tiave been re
ceiving at the builds of the Germans. It
was like an old painting of the migration
of peoples. "Hush, or you'll remain here
with the Germans," was a frequent pre
caution given by a mother to her crying
little child pleading for something to eat
but not getting R because the mother had
no money with which to buy food.
Fathers and brothers were ordered by the
German military to remain behind and
the parting from their home folks caused
many pathetic scenes.
Sad Scenes Nnmerons
Here a flaxen haired little boy clung
to his father's hand crying piteonsly and
begging thkt he should not leae him and
his mother. There a little girl who
could not be torn from her father whose
neck she encircled with her tiny hands
and with her face pressed against bis
as she begged him not to leave her. , 1
Wives said tearful farewells to their
husbands who accompanied them often
from Westphalia and other parti or
Germany where the hurricane of the
world war found and held them.
Mothers came with their sons, all of
whom came happy and eager to get to
their native cities or villages, and their
disappointment on being told that the
women and children must go unattended
by their men protectors was visible on
all faces and -many of the refugees
seemed brokenhearted.
It was apparent that these scenes of
misery and Fuffering were resulting In
enmity and hate being installed in the
minds and hearts of the little children.
The refugees were packed to suffocation
into the cars which took them to the
Polish part of Posen. "It Is the same
German heel on our necks, but thank
God it cannot continue much longer,"
was the expression used by many. Some
of the men while parting from their
families muttered oaths of vengeance as
they dried their tears. In a few cases
women and their little ones refused to
leave their husbands and fathers and re
mained to share their lot.
Tired of Fighting
Jt was explained by German officers
that the men could Join the German
home defense forces but could not return
to the territory held by the Poles be
cause of the fighting in which the Ger
mans did not wish them to take part.
This excuse failed to calm the people.
"We are tired of fighting and want, to
go home but leaving us here will force
us to strike in self defense if thii
continues," was the frank admission
made to me by several of the men. The
feeling was aggravated by the fact that
men of German blood were permitted to
proceed toward Poland and also by the
fact that some men of means were found
getting into the train. This brought ou?
the charge that those who had money
enough could buy permits to go through.
All the packages carried by the women
and children were minutely searched
before the owners were allowed' on the
train to prevent the concealment of
arms and ammunition? Bottles of liquor
and other articles were confiscated m
accordance with the judgment' of the
searchers. A head official explained to
me that there were no special rules or
regulations but that the results were
It is said that the situation around
here is typical of the conditions that
prevail on all sides of this territory,
Dumdum bullets are openly used by the
German troops and no effort is made to
conceal the fact. This was established
y Sergeant James A.-Driver, TJ. ;S. A
from Alabama who is here accompany
ing Colonel Francis J. Kernan.
Dnmdnm Ballets Given
While the chief and the members of
the interallied commission were tn a
room in the small railroad station dis
cussing details of the preposed armistice
Sergeant Driver mingled outside with the
German soldiers and distributed cig
arettes among them in exchange for
which one of them showed him his rifle
and ammunition. Inspection Of the bullets
used showed they were of,, the dumdum
variety with flat tops. Sergeant Driver
asked if he could have a sample in ex
change for a cigarette, explaining' that
he wished to take It as a souvenir. With
out hesitation the soldier presented him
with one which he took to Colonel Ker
nan. Claims have been made by the
Polish soldiers and surgeons that the
Germans were using dumdum bullets
and although they produced samples of
such bullets the Germans repeatedly
denied the accusation. The evidence se
cured by Sergeant Driver" is the first
corroborative proof thus far secured by
a person not involved In the struggle.
The German troops at this place . were
found to be in charge of-officers whose
homes "are In the distant- Rhlneland dis
tricts of Germany. The appearance,
manner and general ' attitude"; of. the
soldiers toward their superior officers
were entirely different-from that of
German soldiers in former -days. .They
no longer saluted their superiors" ana
there was an absence of standing at at
tention 1 as the officers passed. There
was also an absence of the elastic step
of military training. The soldiers guard
ing this city,-looked -tired and said they
were tired. They were weary of being
away from home. living on' insufficient
food and watching others fight.
Han Soldiers Dissatisfied.
Some of the - soldiers with whom I
talked were extremely Interested in news
from Berlin " which circulated by word
of mouth as the delivery? or sale of
papers had been forbidden iu -this city
so that soldiers and civilians should not
be Informed as .to -affairs in the outside
world-. Interviews with German soldiers
here showY that; there is dissatisfaction
on account of a lack- of -food.- They
predict that the- unrest tn Germany will
continue: for some time and will extend
elsewhere. Some openly declared that
they ' were not i Interested , In the Polish
country but wished to return home to
develop industry "in the territory in- the
Interior of Germany., -They Bald that
those : at the head of affairs at home
were really officers from the old regime.
In the private -dining room of the rail
road station here a picture of the kaiser
still hangs- Some of the' soldiers spoke
utterly against him and Ludendorff for
quitting Germany in the great crisis.
While the commission was holding1 Its
conference here- 'ti Rnskltn prisoners ot
war were discovered ' who were worked
at bard labor here-by wealthy Germans.
These, men complained of their, treat
ment, the food they- received and the
pay. they were given. ? How . rigid the
German control of this place is was
made clear by a sharp command given by
a soldier armed with a rifle to one Of the
Russian prisoners whom I was question
ing. ' r - : K - ., -. '.;.
Are Still Trtgontrs ; ; -
"This Is my dinner .hour and this
bowl of soup is my meal, said the Rus
sian prisoner. "You hear that man with
a rifle? That means that I . am not
permitted to talk with, you any longer.
We are still prisoners." Before the
order of the German, soldier Interrupted
the interview the Russian prisoner in
response to my questions said :
"Thereare 21 of us Russian prisoner
who hale . been here more than a year
workinfe under a wealthy German, For
this we-recetv. poor food and. one. mark
(25.cnts a day - which . in these times
does not buy very . much. We want to
go home but they will not send us home
by way of Germany.' They .say they
would be willing to. send , tis through
Poland, but the Poles arc opposed to
allowing us or other Russians to go
throifgh fearing Bolshevism. We are not
Bolshevik!- but merely prisoners of war;
Our lot is hard for we are treated like
slaves. In this part of the country
there , are about 80,000 Russians In the
same plight. All are exploited as If they
were slaves. We are under -the, most
severe regulations and restrictions which
are enforced by'" armed men." .
Irish Nationalists
Start Sensation by
y Appeal' to" the King
- ; '' - -. " ' " .
- By William H. Bray den
special "Cabla to The Journal and The Chicale
, . iTwtly New. '
Copy-right. 19J. by Chicago DaDv New Co.
J Dublin, - .March . 22. Something of a
sensation, has been caused in Ireland
by - the memorial of the Irish natkm
allst of fleers. presented to the king,
praying - that his majesty permit the .
case of Ireland to ' be submitted to the
peace conference, , -
, Hitherto' an .appeal to the peace con
ference ts been the;8lnn Fein policy,
but when It' first -conceived It the party
contemplated ;a very different sort of
peace conference. The belief that the
peace body . might tear Ireland away
from-England entirely and establish an
Independent; and possllily hostile Irish
republic has -survived the -German de
feat, but ' it is hardly entertained seri
ously .by. responsible people.
The appeal of the Irish officers to
the peace conference la on a different
basis. , They v hope for a"" settlement
wit nil the- Britten empire. -It Is be
lieved by them that both the difference
between Ireland and England, as well
as the differences between the Irishmen
themselves, might-be. accommodated by
an Impartial tribunal and from it might
be accepted a settlement which, coming
from any, other source, might be ca
nned at. . . v . , ....
t r i tt r tt r i jr
---.' jr-V'
; - . i c
3 -
10:45 A.M.
Thos. H. Ince's Great
Special Picture
v i
: rf. i
$50,000 ORGAN
"Rustle of Spring',.....Sinding
"Destiny" (Waltz) Baynes
"Dear Old Pal of Mine"
. .. . . .... . Gitz Rie
Selections From "Cavalleria
Rusticana" Mascagni
Paraphrase on "Till We Meet
Again" . . . Whitihg-Murtagh
I V - . i
i 'Y ' ' . '.,..-w.-,'4..''''' .. --.4- '.-'-'.
ing. Adv. - . - ;