The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 21, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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    THE OREGON DAILY. JOURNAL; PORTLAND.. FRIDAY. MARCH 21; 1919.
i)l AH IXDKPBWDENT KrWgPAPCT
;o. a. JACKSON..,
, .Publisher
rUfbed e ry day. afternoo ad swrnins e
2 wept Bandar altrroooni. si Tba Journal Buiid
I iniT Broadway and T.mbill .trwt, Portland.
1 O ron. - - ' " "
fHatered at the PoatcffV at HorUaad,
i for tranrataaio thco toe aaila.ia
'3 ' ICS matteC
m?X1:I-K1'HONE8 MaJa T173; Home
I lell toe opersU r what department yea wanfc
6ubrtptU tor, fcr stall to Oregon and Wan-
"7.ttV urrac n OK AfTERNOON)
!Om mr..,..l5.C0 I On Mont. .. . .80
.... . 19.80 t On tnofiui. .
S - flTTNnAT
On. year .....T.BO I One ont.;...8 .
lt liars fear, let coward ehrtak.
Let traitor tarn away:
Whatever we hare dared to think
That dan we alao say.
James Russell Lowell.
A PASSING INDUSTRY
i
HE passing of an industry has a
i
T
mournful aspect
The busy shipyards of yester
day at .Columbia City, near St.
Helens are silent The plant is idle.
The men ar gone. They dispersed
to the four jquarters, some of them
going to California, whence they
. J came, others to British Columbia,
f where they have heard a sWpbuild-
ing program of several years is to
be pushed.
m mere are iwo mcompieteu euip
on the ways. . They are Ferris ships.
and are yet to be finished under gov-
' rernment contracts. Meanwhile a few
r employes are making an invoice of
" F'the' property.
hm 1 a a . 1 .
Jg At the yard of MeCormick brothers
Jgthere is not the same activity as in
fewar days. The force is reduced.
fcFcrris hulls on -the ways are, to be
completed, and after that there will
I be a. temporary shut down to make
t- invoices. '
U The MeCormick yard, of course, ts
r permanent institution. It built
tships for years before' Germany
hbroke' the world's peace. Jt built the
f$City of Portland," a new type motor
Rahlp,. Which has become widely
known by reason of its numerous
record voyages.
The MeCormicks are now operating
V ships, several of which ply regu
larly to Portland. They recently sold
28,000,000 feet of ties to the railroad
administration for. delivery t Bos
ton, Philadelphia and other Atlantic
ports. The ties will be carried In
their own vessels. They operate, two
large sawmills at St. Helens, and are
large figures in the lumber and
shipping industry of th? coast. Their
'shipbuilding business will go forward
as soon a conditions are more
'settled.
Many industrial figures are waiting
to see how business will shape up.
what prices will be, what demands'
will be, what wages will be. Lum
ber prices have dropped around $10
it thousands The demand is"not good
The shock of the armistice has not
yet passed.
w Almost every. Eastern railroad must
Jxave ties, but the congressional fili-
tousier in wnicn tne railroad ap-
ipropriation ' bill failed, leaves them
without funds applicable to better
r jmenta, , If the roads had money and
'ships 'were available, there would be
'almost unlimited' business IcT ties.
. .... 'Until the situation clears there wiU
jbe uncertainty, with- much capital
tend many plants In a state of wait
ling. - The Medical Sentinel for March
;pens with a not very good-natured
- description of the market rm Yam
hill street. The gist of the article is
" that the market is a filthy place:
Vegetables coming in from the farms
ar1 apt to carry dirt on their roots,
Dust drifts in from the street. No
, doubt this is all true and would, be
v..' .important if It were not for the
habit of washing vegetables before
' $ cooking them, which is common
' among : Portland housewives.'
V ;
j MAY AND BEEBE
-'VfSiHE appointment of Colonel John
1L. May as adjutant general of
the state is a, happy choice.
Colonel May' is a soldier and a
gallant one fresh from active and
, strenuous service overseas. Ha has
led Oregon men into battle, has
.fought with them, and for em.
When the boys return and the task
reorganizing the national guard s
Jin uuu uui vmj mere win oe
S!a veteran of the world war In charge
' t. of the veterans of that conflict, Who
""will undoubtedly go W make up the
ft bulk of the rank and file of the
-.organization. It ought to be a Rood
ft arrangement, productive of good re-
suits.
General Beebe, who leaves the com-
- 5. mand, . and Who left the ase of a
dignified,; retirement .to . dq his bit
h a leader pf the, homW defense forces
during the war; quit the service with
Tjnonor and respect. A soldier of
, : soldiers, a citizen of the hiwhest tyoe
u a gentleman of : polish and ref ine-
ment, he Is entitled to, he has earned
the profound thanks of his state.
- Boston feels particularly dis
tinguished to hare' the privilege "of
listening to a debate between 'Sena
tor Lodge" and President towell :of
Harvard. The question for debate is
on the League of Nations. The sena
tor takes the negative. President
Lowell the affirmative. Each con
testant is. In his way, a celebrated
man. Both hold eminent positions In
the world and both have written
learned books.- Whatever else th 3
debate may lack I. will not lack the
flavor of high society.
M-PERTS LATEST MISTAKE"
"R'
ED" RUPERT, who lifted,
some 119,000 worth of Liberty
bonds from a local bank, for.
.Which he was sentenced to
the penitentiary, has more , than one
reason for causing the prison blood
hounds to lose track and trace of
him. Should he be captured he would
face a possible sentence of ten years,
in the penitentiary for his attempt to
escape, which sentence would, not,
commence . to run, however, until
after his present sentence had ex
pired The last legislature did an un
fortunate thing so far as Mr. Rupert's
ease of mind is concerned, by enact
ing a law which makes it a felony
for any convict to escape or attempt
to escape from the penitentiary.
Heretofore about the only punish
ment that fell to a convict who broke
away from his confinement was the
loss of his standing before the parole
board. Since most of those who at
tempted to escape were convicts who
had exhausted their power of per
suasion upon that tribunal of con
ditional liberty, the disfavor of the
body did not fease them much.
The last legislature, at the instance
of the penitentiary authorities, took
cognizance of the situation by putting
the possibility of extended imprison
ment in front of the would be
escape, it may be that Red and
his companion did not know that
the new law had been passed, and
that it was enacted as an emergency
measure, being now in full force
and effect. Had : he known of the
situation be might have hesitated
before he struck out for the hills of
Southern Oregon.
Thus far the world has not taken
Corea's declaration of independence
very seriously. The "hermit nation"
has heretofore shown so many of the
hermit's traits that few feel much
confidence in its ability to assert
and defend an independent station
in the world. If Corea should acquire
independence and make of it nothing
more than a chance to sink back
into the barbarism' from which Ja
pan ha$' housed her, the loss might
outoalaneei ythe tain.
i'f
Enviable is the let of the 'family
which fcan take one of those home
sites provided by Forester George
Cecil on the shores of Spirit Lake
and stay there all summer. Perhaps
some of our benevolent organizations
will see to it thaene or two home-
sites are reserved for the children
of the poor and raise funds to pro
vide for their transportation and
care. The cutpmobile ride from Port
land to the flank of Mount St. Helens
and the shore of Spirit Lake would
brighten a child's life for a whole
year. e
THEY MERIT HELP
I
T WOULD be no more than fair
for all people to aid the drive
for Jewish welfare funds. It
would not only be fah it would
be justice. The Jewish people have
contributed faithfully and patriot
ically to every war drive. In many
cases they were generous in the
extreme. - They shirked no duty,
evaded no responsibility.
The war threw a tremendous bur
den on them in the thousands upon
thousands of persons of their own
race in Europe who were victims
of the conflict. The storjes of perse
cutions and privations that have come
out of some parts of Europe have
been heartbreaking. To bear alone
the burdens of relief- for these thou
sands of war victims tmd in addition
carry the load of doing their bit in
all war drives lays unwonted and un
deserved hardship upon the Jewish
people of America.
They merit assistance from other
groups in our population.
The report that the farmers are
short of work hands is not the worst
news in the .world. Jobs for idle
hands are a pressing need of the
time. Men will go from the city ta
plow, milk and plant, and the'r de
parture will deplete the ranks of the
unemployed. With work for every
body and good wages revolutionary
agitators would lose their best card.
THEIR ISOLATION
0
VER in Nehalem, there is an ex
traordinary road situation.
A valley of nre than 3000
population Is walled in by
mountains. The county seat and
natural trading point is St Helens
To reach St Helens by direct route,
were there a passable road, requires
a journey of- only 2r miles. ,But the
only route usable most of the year
Is via Forest Grove In, Washington
county or by Clatskanie, routes rang
Ing from 70 to 80 miles.
Here is how this isolation operates :
A farmer resident of Nehalem stated
at the Chamber i of Commerce meet
ing at St Helens Wednesday ; even
ing that he had - in the autumn of
1917; 333 sacks of potatoes worth . if
they' could have, been t delivered in
the SU Helena or other market, flJft
per sack. He sold them in part . at
25 cents per sack,, and gave the rest
away for stock feed- . It seems an ex
traordinary condition, but the state
ment is true, - - '
The inaccessibility costs Columbia
county heavy sums in Jury mileage,
witness mileage and other fees
whenever Nehalem people have pub
lic business at the county seat.
The county Is trying to remedy
the situation by building a road di
rectly, through the mountains, but Jt
is a costly undertaking, particularly
in view of the fact that . the people
have . already . bonded themselves
heavily in & road program. '
The slate highway commission and
the federal government, the t latter
through a post road 'plan, should
find a way to relieve the situation.
THEIR HOME COMING
OREGON soldiers, reaching' New
York for the past few5 days,
have been greeted with a real
honest to goodness rainstorm,
so the news dispatches tell. Judging
from reports that have come from
overseas It "seems to be a' general
thing to have quite a little rain in
France and Belgium so that the gusts
that washed the faces of the home
coming heroes were probably nothing
new to them.
But there Is rain, and rain. There
is rain in France, and rain in Bel
gium, quite a little in England, an oc
casional sprinkle in New York, and
even now and; them some falls in
sunny California.
Then there is Oregon rain. It is
the rain that droppeth like the gentle
dew from heaven upon the place
beneath. It is not boisterous. It does
not cool its caress with the icy
touch of sleet or snow. It is not
brother to the hailstone, or cousyi
to the typhoon or the tornado. It
leaves a gladdened world behind it.
fresher and sweeterfor lis coming.
The weather man of New York
may have attempted to make the Ore
gon boys feel at home. But they
will never know the joy of the rain
until they come home again to their
own green fields, the. wild flowers,
the roses and the springtime beauty
of the hills and valleys they have
been dreaming of.
FRENCH AND SPANISH
THE suDstUutlon' of French ana
Spanish for German in the pub
lic schools will please everybody.
parucumny me pupils, oecause
they are much easier languages to
learn. There is no objection possible
to the change except - that, perhaps.
too much time is-allowed for them.
It ought not to lake a bright
pupil four years ta learn to read,
speak and write French if he lready
knows English. Two years should be
ample for it. French grammar Is
easy except the subjunctive and the
irregular verbs. The spelling is fairly
uniform, much more so than our
own, and the literature is clear cut
and charming
With competent teaching young
people stuTuId speedily acquire a vo
cabulary, and whatever is necessary
of the grammar. A girl who is sup
posed to be learning Span Is.. In one
of the ' public schools was asked tho
other day if she could speak tho
language. "Oh yes,", was her reply.
The questioner persisted, "Could you
carry on a conversation with a Span-
iardT "No, not with a Spaniard,
because his Spanish doesn't sound
like ours." Will our schools .ever
really master the art of teaching
foreign languages T
A SEEMLY ARRANGEMENT
FOH long years Tea tape" has been
the bane of those who, do, or
try to do business, with state
ana ieaerat government. L.tuic
things that would be disposed of in
a minute by the ordinary business
man require days and weeks for
their conclusion, delay becomes tho
usual order and not the exception
with its consequent loss of patience,
of time and of energy.
When business men can have a
voice in shaping administrative laws.
unbiased by politics or other unto
ward circumstances, ' it usually re
sults in better and more efficient
public business methods. The state
highway commission, which has busi
ness men at its head. Induced the
last legislature to cut away some of
the red tape that bound its hands by
the creation of a "revolving fund"
out of which to pay what might be
called emergency claims of small
amount.
Heretofore If the highway depart
ment discharged an employe working
on road construction, or. any other
work, or such anr employe volun
tarily quit his employment, he was
required, to wait for his pay, even
though it amounted to but a few
days compensation until the claim
had been regularly vouchered, ap
proved, verified before a notary, and
a warrant issueu by the secretary of
state. The same procedure was neces
sary in the payment of small claims
against the department, though there
was no thought or question as to
the regularity tr righteousness of
the transaction
The recent legislature at the re
quest of the state highway commis
sion authorized the secretary of state
to set aside $30,000 as a "revolving
fund" to be placed at the disposal of
the-state highway, engineer ftto en
able him to pay the wages due em
ployes who may quit on short no
tice or be discharged from the com
mission's - service, and to promptly
meet -other payroll or emergency
claims or to secure trade discounts
by prompt payment of claims" r
; Aside from the split infinitive, which
touches ' the grammar but not the
intendment of, the act, 1 would seem
to be a good provision. It permits
the v engineer to pay ' small bills
promptly, most often at a saving of
money or energy to the employe, "the
business man and the : commission.
It permits the ; highway engineer to
do, In the conduct of state affairs,
what he would do as a prudent busi
ness man in the conduct of his. own
private affairs.? It cuts the red tape
of the state government and brings
business efficiency into the adminis
tration of state matters.
NATIONS' LEAGUE
" A STATE ISSUE
From Spring-field Republican
The Lea-U0 of Nations is everywhere
a ' local issue, as well as a national is
sue. If anyone doubts this, let him go
among people and listen to the talk on
the street, In the smoking: car. in hotel
elevators or wherever -else men con
gregate or meet In passing. How much
of a political issue it may be, remains
to be seen. That must be determined
by those who have thus far taken their
stand in opposition to Mr. Wilson, but
among whom there Is already evidence
of a somewhat notable change of senti
ment The significant development of
the week has been that men who seven
days ago appeared to be oppqsed to a
league, or anything like a league, so
long as Mr. Wilson was in any way
identified with it, are now disposed to
"perfect it," to quote the -resolution ot
the Massachusetts club. In ordinary
usage a thing which is ready to be
"perfected" already has considerable ex
cellence. It is no' secret that wise and influen
tial Massachusetts Republicans were
very apprehensive during- the week over
the results of last - night's meeting in
Boston addressed by Senator Borah and
Senator Thomas and presided over by
former Senator Beveridge. The view
was definitely and forcefully expressed
by sagacious Republicans that if the at
tacks at this meeting upon the draft
of the 'league as brought home by Mr.
Wilson were violently intemperate and
unrestrained, the consequence would be
to turn Massachusetts over to the Dem
ocrats. But since that view and that,
estimate of the situation were made
known there has been a very evident
effort to apply the brakes and painfully
to make it clear that the opposition is
not to a League of Nations, but to ex
actly the League of Nations supported
by Mr. Wilson, although that form, is
supported by Mr. Taf t.
'v
Neither the average Republican nor
the average Democrat desires to see the
league made a party issue. To them it
transcends the importance of any indi
vidual or any party. Men who have
traveled widely through the country
within the last few 'days report that in
circles which ordinarily are bitterly
critical of Mr. Wilson upon such mat
ters as his labor1 record there has lately
been, on the contrary, more questioning
as to the' position of Senator lodge,
more questioning as to whether our
senior Benator has caught the broader
vision.
Unlike a considerable number of Re
publicans in the senate, there are very
many Republicans throughout the
country who, while they have no love
for Mr. Wilson, refuse to lef their feel
ing on the issue of, the league be -colored
by their feeling toward him. It
ts because this situation has been sensed
within the last few days by certain na
tional leaders of the- Republican party
and because certain former leaders have
risen splendidly to the occasion and
served notice within the party councils
that they will organize in favor of the.
league if necessary: it is because of
these developments that there has come
so notable a change " Within a compara
tively enori ume. .. - apparent mat
there is a certain ' element in Boston,
whose motives it might not be gracious
to analyze, which is arrayed against
the league with particular heat.
It Is immensely to the credit of the
Boston Herald and its editor, Robert
Lincoln O'Brien, that up to this time the
Herald has gone so far in advocacy ot
the idea of a Ieague of Nations and in
urging the party to which it adheres to
take a broad view of tha matter.- This
is wise counsel if there is any accur
acy in the view of the situation to be
had from this portion of the state. One
of the best known of our Connecticut
river manufacturers, a stalwart Repub
lican very recently volunteered as his
estimate of the situation the prediction
that if Massachusetts Republicans set
themselves against the league, what hap
pened to Senator weeks last fall would
be "only a breeze" compared with what
would be in store for the party in the
future. It is this estimate which leads
to the relief of such men when they see
signs that the party as a whole is to fol
low wiser counsels.
Congressman Alvin T. Fuller of Mad
den , has expressed the view of an - in
creasing number of his fellow Republic
ans in a letter to President Wilson in
which he wrote: "Personally I can not
see what these people are thinking ot
who are opposing the peace agreement
which is being negotiated in Paris. If
it does not go through what have the
nations of the world for their sacrifices?
Are the nations going right ahead spend
ing billions for armament? .
"The moral sense of the people of the
world is for peace, and while of course,
peace cannot be absolutely guaranteed,
I am sure, practically speaking, every
body's prayers and best wishes are with
you in your attempt to nail down the
future peace of the warld.
Some Real Truth About These
Heroic Battle Cries
From Collier'
The onlv secret .nf ernrut arrittn. t.
always to have something to say. Brig
adier General Catlin. in his book "With
the Help of God and a Few Marines,"
tells in vivid' fashion just what it was
that happened at Belleau Wood in the
first week 'of last June that helped to
change the whole color of the world's
most critical summer. A sure instinct
taught the general to tell his tale in
Just the way that hurries , the reader,
on from page to page like a mountain
brook. ' - . -- -
It would not be fair to our -allies to
persuade ourselves that such an action
as that of Belleau Wood, where less
than 2000 marines were engaged, was
DO YCU FAVOR A LEAGUE OF NATIONS
to prevent future wars, such as President Wil
son and Former President Taft are working for?
Rneioaa tbts eueptm In aa eavdens ad
dressed U -Xeacoo of KaHoaa Kditee. -Cai
Tha Journal. ForUasd, Or sob."
f krter to Tha Journal bwiiwett'
office and dros it fas tat ballot box.
Oaly pencil of satins ass abaold "
and ia a baQnC " -
unique : in gallantry or significance.
The British, French. Belgians and Ital
ians have rougnt nunareas suca vur
dozen. Yet. when modesty has had its
'say. fact remains : It, was . an attack
of superb heroism at the crucial mo
ment. General Catlln does not attempt to
nnati : it. . VTn : toll ' with enrartnK
candor that bis last word to the ma
rines oeiore xney croswa
fields under a withering fire was "Give
em hell, banf He adds: : "Some one
has reported that they advanced on
thiu vTivula (vvIm "RamMnhM the T-.11-
sitanfar If they did so I failed to hear
it. Bomeftow that aoesn"i sonna ue
the sort of thing the marine says under
the conditions." We are glad that he
tells us what they did say. When the
lines wavered under the German fire a
sergeant; cried out : "Come pn, yoa
, ao you want, to live for
ever?" ;
Letters From the People
ComanniimttoBa sent to Tbo Journal for pub
lication in this departmeat should b written on
only one lids of tha paper, should sot exceed
300 word in length and must be signed by the
wrrtw, -whom mail addnaa in faU mmt accom
pany th contribution.) (
Others Have Rights
Eugene, March 14- To the Kditor of
The Journal In today's Journal J. M.
Rnasell made some statements upholding
the use of tobacco that provoked a. few
thoughts which I think ought to be set
before those who had the advantage of
reading his. He smokes, and I have no
desire to prevent him from "the pursuit
of bappiness," provided he does not mar
the happiness of anybody else. He
speaks of some people who are made
sick by the-era ell of tobacco smoke. If
he never smoked where such people were
annoyed thereby; if he never squirted
tobacco juice where somebody else had
to clean it up; if he never helped to
fill a cuspidor which some housewife or
some janitor was required to empty ; if
he never infringed upon any other per
son's pursuit of happiness : if he has
not a family, some member of which has
sometimes been, deprived of some com
fort which the price Of his tobacco
would have paid for then he is a para
gon among users of the. weed. He is
one in 10,000.
It must be admitted that men can be
very comfortable without tobacco, but
there are literally millions in the world
today who could be comfortable with
more food than they are able to get.
The money paid for tobacco in America
would feed them all.
We are very chivalrous here in Ore
gon. Women may sit in the statehouse
as legislators and may Till clerkships
there. But if any of them are In that
class Who, by Mr. Russell's admission,
are made sick by the smoke, they may
grin and bear it, or they may throw up
the service, for, notwithstanding a rule
forbidding smoking there, the legislative
halls are a stifling smudge throughout
the sessions.
There was a protest against sending
tobacco to our soldiers in France with
out an effort to prevent those who went
there free from the habit, and some of
whom were so young that they could
not obtain tobacco at home without vio
lating; the law, from getting it. Either
the Y. M. C. A. or the Red Cross, or
both of ethem, announced that they de
voted no funds to the supplying of
tobacco. They may have become more
complaisant later. At any rate, a judge,
at Marshfield has dismissed a 14-year-old
boy charged with smoking cigarettes
on the street, on the ground that the
action of those two organizations in
France has virtually abrogated the Ore
gon anti-cigarette statute.
W. H. WHKEUER.
Washing Windows
Portland, March 17. To the Kditor
of The Journal Seeing that people are
still groping around in a blind kind of
way in regard to -building and safety
devices for,, window cleaners I wish to
say that it does not matter what kind
of straps or'safetles are used they will
never give satisfation, nor save the time
and expense of window washing, even
though there probably is some way of
making it safe for the workers. I would
insist on having every window in the
city, whether in public buildings or pri
vate homes to open like a door or cup
board door. The screens to swing out
and to be oh hinges so they can be lifted
out and washed. There Is already a
lovely curtain rod is use in some of
our homes that swings around and away
from the windows, making it easy to get
at t the windows to wash' them without
taking down the curtains. The rods are
in sections like a folding screen is
made. WORKING WOMAN.
Never Been Discussed
Amity, March 19-To the Editor of
The Journal Will you explain the opin
ion of The Journal on ihe following
questions in regard to the League of
Nations?
First Will the league have a flag?
Second In case the league jias a flag,
will the league have power to compel all
nations In the league to use the flag?
Third Give any other information you
may think will interest the readers of
The Journal In regard to the league flag.
A READER.
" Dispute Settled
Canyonville. March 18. To the Editor
of The Journal To settle a heated dis
pute, please name the author of "Venus
and Adonis"; also "Lucrece,"
Was Sir Bulwer Lytton author of
"The Lady of Lyons," ever known as
-Owen Meredith"? TOM CRAWFORD.
Shakespeara was s nth or. "Owen Meredith"
was the pen name of Bulwer Lytton's son.
A Wins
Portland, March 19. To the Editor of
The Journal Is there a law in Oregon
requiring women to have health certifi
cates before marriage? A says no ; B
says yes. SUBSCRIBER.
Would Be Lenient
Portland. March 19. To the Editor
of The Journal I feel sorry for Eugene
,V. Debs and other Socialist leaders who
were convicted on the charge of violat
ing the espionage law. They believe
they are advocating principles that will
elevate the producing masses above the
bondage of industrial slavery. No oh
can question their motives. ' War and
Socialism cannot ride in the same band
wagon. . The Socialist made a great
mistake preaching anti-war doctrine
when we were at war with a foreign
foe. This government could not under
any circumstances permit the preaching
of a doctrine that would divide the peo
ple when we were in the ' midst of a
mighty struggle for liberty. This is the
reason the penalty Is so severe. The
Socialist believes the espionage law -is
unjust. He is mistaken, it is absolutely
correct. When men will not be r loyal
to this country and government there
Ye or No!
(Sign your name bere)vw
Address
COMMENT AND
. , SMALL ' CHANGE
'On thing that does not worry us.
Where the next heavyweight champion
ship prizefight wIU be .fought
There Is some sense in the suggestion
that a few jobs be conscripted for some
of the boys who were conscripted into
service last year. .
British roads will probably be na
tionalized, according to the news. And
in. the meantime -we want some Oregon
roads macadamised.
News - that the Polish government
faces collapse may be taken as an in
dication that Paderewski may have
struck some "blue notes."
- The almanac says that today Is the
first day of spring, though we're not
so Interested in what the book says as
in how the weather behaves.
Why all the fuss about proving that
the kaiser and his ilk were responsible
for starting the war? So Xar as we are
able to judge no real American has
ever disputed it.
e e
Bellboys In a New York hotel wnt
on a strike because the management
moved their bench, and required them
to stand in readiness for a call. Their
places were taken quickly, so that it
looks now as though the strikers had
been sent to the "bench" for good.
JOURNAL MAN AT HOME
By Fred Lockley
Ufa aboard the LcTiathan, formerly tha
Vaterland. ia described in a letter from a Tela-,
tive aboard the great ship, from which - Mr., i
Locale; today quotes. Abo there is a doacrip 1
tion of how two Clenaaa submarines sot their
deserts.
In a recent article I spoke of the size
and carrying capacity of the Leviathan.
My nephew, R. J. Shepherd, now in
France gives an interesting account of
his trip overseas on the Leviathan. . lie
says:
. We received orders to fall in with full
packs. Our packs weighed from 75 to
80 pounds. About one third of each of'
our companies were equipped with rines,
as ours was an engineer battalion. The
rifles, of course, went to the larger men,
of which I was one. ' We bad four miles
to go to the depot. We made it with
but one stop. Next morning the train
came to a-stop about daylight, and we
piled on. it was as we surrmsea. tio-
boken. Several hours were spent wait
ing in line alonff with thousands of other
men. At noon we were still waiting in
line to go aboard the ship, while thou
sands of men marched past us, Vent
through M doorway and disappeared. It
seemed inconceivable that they could all
be going aboard the same ship.
e
Durlnsr this wait the Red Cross girls
came through and served us with coffee ;
and such coffee it was (we nave naa
none like it since). Finally our turn
came and we followed the others through
this doorway which had such an- un
limited capacity for swallowing up regi
ment after regiment. Out through this
doorway we went and down a short
passage ' and onto a gangplank. we
glanced ahead to see where we were
arouur but saw nothing but a wall ot
steel plate painted in camouflage colors
with a small doorway through which
our line was streaming. We craned our
necks to see how high this steel wall was
and saw that It continued ior some vu
feet over our heads. Then we knew.
We were sail in tr on the Leviathan the
old Vaterland), the largest vessel in the
world. Up a gangway we went, Daca
and around, down another, and over to
the other side of the ship. Then finally.
when we were completely lost, we wound
up in compartment H-a, the ninth deck
down from A, but only one deek down
from the one we came in on. Here a
master mind had designed a series of
bunks to permit of the greatest" possible
number of men in a given amount of
space.
Our life aboard ship is a story in it
self. I - will only say that we were
chased about a mile twice a day, up
and down gangways and a long passage
way to our meals and back ; that we' all
had ravenous appetites and the time
between our two meals seemed an
eternity ; that In spite of "abandon ship"
drill every day, we considered our life
preservers, which we were obliged to
wear at all times, as a Joke. Fritzie, on
the other hand, thought differently about
it and laid in wait off the coast of
France for the great ex-German liner,
which they had sworn to get.
We were down in our compartment
and thought 'they were having target
practice when they began firing. The
subs had taken a desperate chance. They
had placed themselves in our path, and
as we approached, . dived, figuring to
come up all around us, and get in their
shots before we had time to sink them.
But they figured on our normal speed,
and we Were making up time, so the re
sult wasHbey came up from 300 to 600
yards in the rear. The first periscope
had scarcely begun to slice the water
when the aft guns opened up and got
It. The next one came up just in time
to see a destroyer, one of bur convoy,
come tearing down on her. She ducked
but was too late, and the destroyer put
her' out of business with a depth bomb.
The others xame up and dived as quick
ly, followed by a trail of shots, the re
sults of which were not known.
We landed In the beautiful harbor of
Brest and marched four miles to an old
barracks built by Napoleon. We were
quartered just outside the barracks in
pyramidal tents. We stayed there about
10 days, then came on by rail to St.
Julian, a little village about eight miles
from Dijon, which is about 100 miles
south of -Verdun. Here we were put on
forestry work. . I haven't time to tell
you all about it now, but will simply say
that we went to work in one of the finest-
hardwood forests in France. The
way the French maintain their hard-
THAT REFERENDUM ON THE LEAGUE
From the
Senator Borah and a few of his col
leagues are touring the country in op
position to the proposed League of Na
tions and demanding "a plebiscite" or
referendunj on the question, In the event
that a treaty. Including provisions for a
league, is submitted to the senate for
ratification.
These gentlemen are well aware that
there is no national law for any sort of
plebiscite, and that, ttnder our constitu
tion. It would be practically impossible
to enact one and apply it nationally to
the league issue. They are merely
seeking to befog the situation. They re
mind on of th Insincere demand of
pro-Germans and pacifists of a certain
type fora referendum on the war ques
tion, or, later, on the selective service
act, or on the sending of American
armies and naval squadrons for service
overseas. There 4s always ' something
suspicious about such sudden conver
sions to the referendum idea and the- re
should b a law to fore them to be
quiet. Mr. Debs is an aged man and it
does seem hard that he should spend
the rest of bis natural life behind the
prison doors for uttering a few words
he should not have said. I think the
president should exercise his pardoning
Twvwor tn fcom of these caea. We r
alt liable to mistakes and it is better
to overlook and rorgtve one anoiner zor
our shortcomings, rather than extend,
severe punishment.' E. A. LINSCOTT.
Olden Orezdti
United Presbyterian ChdrcrtHad It
Genesis hi Linn County.
The movement to a m a 1 g a m a t
churches, or church unlonv was 'first
begun in Oregon. In 1851 there were
four "- branches of the -' Presbyterian
i church in the territory. Thewere the
NEWS IN BRIEF
OREGON SIDELIGHTS
A 7500-pound Yuba caterpillar tractor
will soon be In use on the streets of
ths city of Eugene, improving the mac
adam. A poison club has been organised at
Lone Pine schoolhouse, In the Klamath
Basin. A determined effort will be made
to exterminate the squirrel pest which
has been such a handicap to the-farmers.
e e
Heppner now has a new band. AU the
boys have not yet received Instruments,
but when these arrive and the work of
breaking in raw material Is actually be
gun," then will an otherwise tranquil com
munity enter upon an era of actual dis
tress. '
'---It. E. Warner of Yonealla recently
shipped a car of registered Jerseys to
W. C. Withsett of Grants Pass, which
brought a good , price to tho- Yonealla
man. This is believed to be the first
shipment of purebred Jerseys to be made
from Douglas county.
,
There is more than a possibility that
Central Oregon may see In the near fu
ture the development of raising sunflow
ers on a large" scale as an ensilage crop
for cattle, if the experiments hlch have
been inaugurated by the First National
bank of this city prove successful, says
th Bend Press.
wood forests ia to leave a certain per
centage of the trees standing for future
growth, and take out the rest. We knew
the pride the French took In their for
ests and felt a little ticklish about wad
ing into them with , our slashing Amer
ican methods, especially as there were
no French inspectors available at that
time to oversee the work. There was
just one company of us. 850 men. The
company had come over expecting to
build roads, and the officers knew noth
ing about forestry work. About the
only instruction w had was to leave
30 trees to the acre for the future. What
kind no. one seemed, to " know. We
started to work at noon, clearing out the
brush and smaller trees, leaving the
saw timber standing. Most of the men
didnt seem to have much idea Just what
interval th trees should be apart in
order to leave SO to the acre.
e
X won my first recognition with the
C. O. when the work started by pre
senting my ideas in regard to the man
ner of selecting trees to be left for
future growth. There were no French
Inspectors available at th Urn to look
after this work, so I was put In charge
of It. With the assistance of Louis, an
old French forest guard. . I learned the
French names of all th trees in tho
forest, as well as the American names,
learned the various uses the French put
the different kinds of lumber to, and
the trees that they preferred to have
left and the percentage of each kind.
As a sidelight here on the French mind :
I asked the old forester If they wished
to have any wild cherry trees left, and
he said, Yes, a few for the birds." In
a few days I was the acknowledged au
thority in the company on forestry. My
work was to act in the same capacity aa a
French inspector and to see that" the
work was done aft nearly as possible ac
cording to French standards. . -I con
tinued on this job about six Or eight
weeks, and then the French forest In
spectors arrived and -completed the job.
. -Shortly
before leaving Kngland I mad
a tour of the naval bases and principal
ports of Kngland. I talked to thou
sands of bluejackets and naval' officers,
as well as; to British naval officers and
men. One day I took an American
sailor, a member of the crew of a sub
marine, to lunch at the Cheshire Cheese
in London. Before enlisting he was a
professional golf player. "I am afraid
that we have got quite a few of the
British subs," he said to me; "It Is very
difficult to tell an enemy sub from one
of our own, or frbm a British sub. Re
cently one of our Officers went "aboard
a British sub to get some pointers on the
work. The following day We were Cruis
ing offshore and. saw a periscope. It
submerged. "We passed directly over It,
going at about 15 knot speed. As we
passed we dropped a depth bomb. We
got it, all right. Our officer never re
turned, and next day we heard that a
British submarine had been sunk."
A day or two later, while I was trav
eling on a train through Devonshire en
route to Cornwall, I tfell Into talk with
a. British sailor. He was a big husky
chap, 6 feet tall and weighed 193 pounds,
moat of it bone and muscle, lie had
been ' in the navy for many years and
was a splendid type of a British seadog.
"1 have been on the Marlborough ever
since she was launched, which was
shortly before the war," he said. "One
of the narrowest squeaks I ever bad In
my life was aboard the Marlborough.
We got a torpedo In our side, which
mad a hole over .SO feet long. , The
force of the explosion lifted us clear
out of the water. , When we went down
a wall of water cam clear over us. I
thought it was all day with us. We
righted, however, and though we had a
slight list, we stayed! In action for two
hours and were able; to make port. Our
gross tonnage Is . around 31.000 tons.
We carried about 3000 tons of coal in
our bunkers, That? is where the tor
pedo got us. As you know, the more
resistance a torpedo finds the greater
I its destructive force. When this torpedo
r i i . i . i , ... . ,
cxpiutieu in int cuai punHii 11 Diew a
big hole In the side of our ship and
blew out over 1000 tons of coal Into the
sea. We limped into port a pretty sorry
looking ship." .
Chicago News
fusal to face difficulties and -objections.
It is safe to say there will be no for
mal plebiscite on the League of Nations.
The senate will have to act under exist
ing law on its own fhature judgment.
It will have to determine for Itself what
public sentiment favors in the 'premises,
what sort of amendments may fairly be
insisted on and What proposals are irra
tional and . devoid of spontaneous and
sincere public support.;
Meanwhile an informal plebiscite Is
being held in the country, and the sen
ators would better follow the returns.
The public is being heard from. We are
having a referendum of the familiar
American sort. The Irreconcilable anti
league senators Should stop talking long
enough, td entertain the ideas of th
people. ..- Let them propos -carefully
worked out amendments, if they really
wish to help and take part, in a great
constructive task. Impracticable de
mands for referendum are, riot helpful.
First Pr&byterians, the "Cumberland
Presbyterians, Associate - Presbyterians
and Associate Reformed Presbyterians.
The last two were seceders from the
old church of Scotland. At ft meeting
of these -two branches near - Browns
ville in 18S2, it was decided to com
bine under tha name United Presby
terian. The ," first . congregation under
the new organization .was the, United
Presbyterian church f Albany, still In
existence, established In 1S53. ; It also
has the distinction of feting the first
organisation ; in .- North America under
the name United Presbyterian.v, Follow
ing the example of th Oregon churches
the churches of th east of the Associ
ate Presbyterians and Associate Re
formed Presbyterians also consolidated
under th title Th United Presbyterian
Church of North. America, which in
1859 - took in th United Presbyterian
church of Oregon.
Ragtag and Bobtail
Stories From Everywhere.
An Arabian Night Tale .
AFTETt a 10-year-old boy In a New i
York tenement district had dawled
his playmates for days by showing them
rolls of $10 bills and pocketsful of jew
elry, says Capper's Weekly, the police
got him. Th lad told thrm that while
playing in the street he fell through a
coal hole Into a cellar. The place seemed
to be deserted. : In exploring-the rooms
upstairs, he found the floor strewn with
$5 and $0 bills that had been wadded
up and thrown Into every corner, while
jewelry littered th dressing tables. In
vestigation verified the boy's story. The
house had " been Occupied by a Mrs.
James" Sandham. an ' aged recluse, who
had recently died, and the boy was the
first person to enter the place after she
had been removed to a hospital. The
money, believed to b rents from bar
tenants, th old woman is supposed to
have thrown on th floor as she" re
ceived it. 4
X Consider Old Sol
. ; Kinf Rnkunon had can to" kick
About his hou untidy,
Nl-Ptcl, !
Wben off did Si1
"Ilia wives on oarcsin Friday.
Cartoons Macatina.
Uncle Jrrr Snow Says:
' Some people'd ruther spend four years
palaverUi around to git a Jinx office -
not worth what they could earn raisin'
pcrtaters on shares than do anything
else in th world. Old Man Mills., who
uster run the free pass end of the South
ern Pacific fer the newspaper editors
in Californy. told rn he knowed a lot
of cases where a feller'd spend three
days' time and pay hotel bills to git a
pass worth a $4 ticket." He couldn't
understand it, but I told him a feller
that got a office or a pass felt like
he? moved among the people that turned
the world around which, after a man
ner ot speakin' he done, oncet upon a x
time. - ' -
The News in Paragraphs
World Happenings Briefed for Benefit
.of Journal Readers '
. , GENERAL
The government has set April 13 as
the date for th election of delegates
to the : Hungarian national assembly.
Onaccount of the high prlc of milk
housewives of Berkeley., Cal., are plan
ning a city-wide boycott on milk dis
tributors. :
Employes of the beef packing plant
of Armour A Co. at Rio Janeiro have
gone on strike and operations are at ft
standstill. ,
' The strength of the American army
on March la was 2.268.537. a decrease
of 1.402.351 since the signing of the
armistice.
Bishop James W. Bashford, for many
years -ft prominent figure in the Metho
dist Episcopal church, died at Los An
geles Tuesday.
Ten thousand textile workers at Paw
tucket. R. I., have been granted a 15
percent increase in wages, dating back
to last July 1.
Nearly 1200 garment workers at Cleve
land who went on Blrlke Tuesday re
turned to work Thursday on a 30 per
cent wage Increase. .
The former residence of Princess Cle
mentine at Brussels is being fitted up
to receive President and Mrs. Wilson
on their' visit to that city.
Fourteen German planes, captured by.
American fliers in France, have arrived
at Baltimore and will be used in the
Victory loan advertising campaign.
Another death from a long siege rt
sleeping sickness is that of Jehu W.
Klein of Omaha, connected with the
health department of the Union Pacific
railroad. .-.','-:' .'.'--" -
The "soldiers council" at Christiania,
Norway, has issued a proclamation call
ing for the disarmament of the bour
geoisie should they defend themselves
from the red guards. , "i - '
' NORTHWEST NOTES
Ten submarine chasers will patrol
Alaska waters during the 1919 fish can
ning season.
The Rlchey & Gilbert company will
build a two story warehouse at Yakima
to cost 860.000.
w. H. Walton has resigned the editor
ship of the Baker Herald to take charge
of Better Fruit at Hood River.
A soaking rain throughout the Inland
Empire during the past week was of
great benefit to wheat growers.
M. L. Williams, aged 60 years, died
at St. Anthony's hospital in Wendleton
from the results of a broken leg. -
Final arrangements have been made
for the construction of an Ice plant and -;
storage building at Vancouver to cost
$25,0U0. .
Clinton A. Lathrop. Who shot and
killed his wife February 8 at fcpokane,
has been found guilty of murder In the
first degree.
The. government employment office at
Yakima ha placed 1428 laborers since
January 1. and still there is a shortage
of farm hands, '
Mrs. A. 8. Walker has been discharged
as teacher in the Carbonado, Wash.,
schools for attempting to organixe a
teachers' union.
One corporation . within the Ineom
revenue limits 6f Washington and Alaka
paid income taxes of 81,400,000 at Ta
coma last week. ; .-
The total crop of cranberries In Clat
sop county the past season - was over
3000 barrels. The average yield was 30
barrels per acre.
Assessed valuations in Deschutes 'coun
ty range from 11 to 48 per cent of true,
value, and it Is recommended they be
raised 60 per cent. .
In Spokane there Is an apparent equal-,
ity of labor supply and demand, whll
In Seattle th total unemployed, In
cluding strikers, is &0,000.
Howard Cooper writes to his parents
at Hood River that be has just sailed
for Europe as warrant officer aboard
the steamship Powhatan.;
' Captain L. J. Wecksler of the United
States army has arrived at Salejn from
Siberia to attend the funeral of his
wife, who died January 4.
Fully 8.250,000 salmon eggs have been,
put through th process of incubation
at the government hatchery on .Lake
Quinault during the pan year.
Charles E. Thomas, ex-president of th
First National bank of Bremerton,
Wash.,' Is under arrest changed with
misappropriation of the bank's funds..
Henry M. Johnson, said to be a resi
dent or Portland, is under arrent at Eu
gene, charged with drawing a check for
42500 on a bank : in which he had bo
funds.' . -v- v - -
Burglars ' blew up the safe of - the
Broomfteld Lumber eompany at Broom
field., Wash., Tuesday, causing a fir .
which destroyed the offices and all rec
ords of the company. ...
The quarterly report of Librarian Cor-
nelia Marvin shows that during the past
biennial period the state library has
mailed out 3M00 more books than In
any other peylod In its history.
Portland Boy Sells Papers,
Buys Stamps
(Stories of aebieveent ia the accumula
tion of . War Baring Stanps, sent" to Tbe
Journal and accepted for publication, will
be awarded a Thrift Stamp. I .
'John T. Curtis, 9 years old, $630
Sixty-fourth streets southeast, Port
land, has the right Idea. John writes
us as follows:
"On Sunday morning 1 get up at 7:
o'clock and sell papers. After pay
ing my blUX buy Thrift Stamps with
w hat money I have left. I have
three War Savings Starring and 14
Thrift Bumps." f r
- Good for you, John. Keep it up.
Thrift Stamps and 1919 War Sav
ing Stamps now on sale at usual
agencies. .