The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 16, 1919, Page 50, Image 50

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- -MAT -SPRiNC ASSEMQuV- , ; AN' THE g, ; Y . V: ,, .
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TRANSPQR
TATON
BY MOTOR TRUCK
' OFFERS PROBLEM
Store,: Express and Baggage
r Transportation Present Ques
) ti.on of Multiple Delivery Plan.
!; The motor truck transportation sys
tem, which liandlos niiiltiple deliveries,
that is. a load of parcels of any type
. going1 to different conwijrnees. lias prob
lems to be solved that are more Intricate
than those of a system which handles
entire loads consigned from one point to
a felnprle destination. Multiple deliveries
are Involved In all store transportation
systems and In'- express or delivery sys
tems of almost all types,
t With . the multiple delivery system to
solve, Jhe loading platform" Is only ona
phase of the fipht to eliminate delay,
not only at the home plant, but on the
road. An equally Important phase of
the delivery system In thia cane JIs the
method . 'of ' zoning the IndivlduaUpack-
' ages. To take an exatreerated example :
If the motor truck transport fleet of a
department store simply piled packages
Into the trucks without regard to where
the deliveries were to be made, the ve
hicles would cross each other's paths a
hundred times a day and would cover
useless mileage. As a matter of fact,
of course, the store delivery system
eould not be operated under such condi
tions, even for a day. but the hypotheti
cal icase indicates the importance of
proper soiling. If the motor truck de
livery system is to be efficient.
To begin with, 'the truck operator must
drvlde the territory to be covered into
a number of xones corresponding to the
number of vehicles that he has available.
The Ideal condition, of course, is to have
each one represent a certain definite
mileage and number of deliveries, the
name in all cases. This Utopian condition
la practically Impossible to arrive at,
but the operator's endeavor must be to
arrange zones representing as near as
possible the same amount of work. After
the system has been In operation for
'some time the zones may be easily ad
justed so aa to make them practically
equal in work entailed on vehicles and
men.
' ,Th establishment of zones at once
kdds new problems to the work on the
loading platform. The parcels or pack-
" ages must be sorted for the various
routes and a method of packing that will
bring the various deliveries out in order
mtiBt be devised. Usually the most satr
latactory methofl of sorting- packages is
to install a series of bins, pne to each
zone. As the packages. Are brought down
: to the loading platform- they are marked
s a clerk and sorted Into the - proper
bins. Aa a generat thin in a delivery
m,o:o N
Mb TOTrTCI-ar s
-The 'Standardized Car
Watch
Them
Increase
. Distributors
TSie G. H S.;Go.
65 N. 23d at Washington St.
Marshall 1428 -
Factory Prices '
$1485.00--$1685.00 $2500,00
MES , TIME :wHEN:-:iMOTORt
system of this kind, demountable or nest
bodies of some kind are used. The ship
ping clerks, after the packages have
been sorted, arrange them in order ac
cording, to, the route to be followed. They
are then packed In the bodies in order,
so that the truck crew finds them. wait
ing in pr6per rotation along the route.
This is very important In the reduction
of time consumed in stops, a matter
which frequently spells inefficiency in
capital letters for the delivery system.
Another ideal to be striven for in the
delivery system is timing.' The chief
shipping clerk, or whoever Is In charge
of the trucks, should know with reason
able accuracy .where each of the fleet Is
at any given hour of the day. In some
instances this matter of timing has been
so accurately adjusted that on the return
Journey the first truck in will always
find its next load waiting for it in the
first position on the loading platform.
It may be noted also that, all clerical
work should be relegated to a position
behind the loading platform. The pack
apps should come to the platform marked
w.ith their correct aone numbers, so that
the platform clerk has nothing to do but
sort them into -their proper bins. In
cases where clerical work is carried out
on the loading platform it is almost in
evitable that delays will ensue, which
will keep the delivery vehicles waiting
for fuHifloads to be -made. up. The
trouble In many cases Is that the truck
operator Is still living In the horse trans
portation age, when waits at the loading
platform meant needed rest for the ani
mals, so that they were actually assets.
With the motor vehicle such delays are.
of course, a pure waste of money.
The tally sheet is a most important
adjunct of the delivery system, and con
siderable care should be given to its
consideration. Naturally the require
ments will vary with different lines of
business, but there are .certain basic
entries that must always appear. The
name of the consignee,, his address, the
number of pieces that are to be deliv
ered to him and the amount of money
to be collected from him. When a tally
sheet of this kind has been properly
filled out, with the consignees arranged
in their proper order, the driver or his
delivery man is relieved of practically
all work in making deliveries. The sys
tem becomes nearly automatic in opera
tion. '
Many firms have spent goodly sums
of money on the equipment of their load
ing platforms and yet, through faulty
systems of zoning, have failed to get the
efficiency they should have had. ' All
the demountable bodies in the world will
not eliminate loading platform delays
unless the delivery system is accurately
zoned. This Is often a serious problem
for the concern, which is making the
change from horse drawn to motor
equipment The shipping department
trained in the operation of the former is
serfdom able to handle the entirely dif
ferent problems of the latter. On the
other hand the force already available
does know the concern's routes, its de
liveries, etc., which a totally new ship
ping staff would not. The best way out
of the dilemma is to obtain the services
of a chier clerk familiar with motor truck
delivery to. install the new, systems,
working out a set of zones and a clerical
routine efficient' to keep the motor
trucks moving at top speed.
; ' . . ' . , A 2424
THE OREGON
MOTOR TRUCK TIPS
TBaIls for Floors T-rails or angle
irons may be substituted for the metal
strips that are usually laid on the floor
of the truck body aa tracks for sliding
boxes in and out of the vehicle. Usually
after some service the screws holding
down these strips loosen and the pieces
bend and become worse than useless for
the purpose intended. The truck owner
should insist on having T-rails when the
body is being built. The leg of the T
should extend down through the floor
and long rods should be run etthet
through or under the planks to secure
the parts in place. If angle irons are
used they should be screwed to the
edges of the planks before they are laid
in place.
Slip Case Truck drivers frequently
lose the various delivery slips, trans
portation orders, etc., which they have
to carry. If the slips are not actually
lost! they are usually so smudged by
being carried in the pocket or under
the seat cushion as to be nearly illeg
ible. It is an excellent idea to have
a small metal case,, large enough to
hold the slips, i attached to the dash,
where the slips will be safe and yet
easily reached as. needed.
Hydraalle Hoists Hydraulic hoists
usually demand av light oil, gradual leak
age of which, renders frequent replenish
ment necessary. Further, it is advis
able from time to time to change the oil
altogether, exactly as is the case with
crank case transmission lubricant. The
oil in the hoist accumulates dirt and
foreign matter and in putting in fresh
oil the part should first be -flushed
out with kerosene. -;
fSpeed on Long Haals On long hauls
the question of speed is of prime im
portance in reducing - ton mile costs.
For this reason, in selecting trailers,
the truck owner must be careful to get
vehicles that can stand the speed at
Avhlch his truck is capable of negotiating
the route to be traversed.
Replacing Cotter Pins Cotter pins are
frequently used in various parts of the
truck chassis where safety wire would
be far better. The wire has actual ad
vantages for locations where the cotter
pins are hard to reach. A soft copper
or brass wire not heavier than 14 gauge
or lighter than 18 is best for this pur
pose. ENDURANCE TESTS
HAVE MUCH VALUE
Races Enable Automobile Makers,
to Locate Flaws and Make
Corrections.
The development of the modern motor
car is one of the startling things that
people of our time ' pass by without
proper reflection. Many men take this
growth and progress as a matter of
course, when, in fact, th automobile
industry Is one of the, most marvelous
In the history of the world. Think of a
huge industry that grew from nothing
to the third largest in the .country in
two decades. '
Sreed events have had more to do
with the improvements in design of cars
than almost -anything else. Of course,
the manufacturers have learned what to
do and what not to do from year to
year by the owner's opinions of their
products, but racing has' done more to
develop care than this year-by-year im
provement. The reason is obvious. A
racing car gets as much abuse in a
few hours of high speed work as an
ordinary car frets in a period of years.
The manufacturers were able to pick
out the flaws ana ccTect them In their
racing cars and embody these features
in their regular stock cars.
Now go to the other extreme. When
a strictly stock, car is taken out on the
speedway and put through the grueling
ordeal 'of the racing car and stands the
test, it certainly proves that this stock.
car has the right stuff in it.. This is
exactly what the Chalmers jompany
did recently, and this stock chassis still
holds some of the most remarkable rec
ords ever made..
This Chalmers stock chassis was
driven 1898 miles in 24 hours, thus set
ting a new endurance record which has
never been equaled. This same stock
chassis covered 83 miles in one hour of
continuous running on the Sheepshead
Bay track." The car then made 100
miles in 72 minutes 10.17 seconds, set
ting a new record for a stock car. The
Chalmers stock chassis still holds the
records for 12 hours' continuous speed,
covering 957 miles. : ; ; . ;
Remember, these records were ' not
made with a racing car. but with a
strictly stock chassis. s ;
The lessons learned 'from racing cars
have been embodied In the new Chal
mers, and the proof that the design is
right in the Increasing sales of these
cars and their continued hard service
in the hands of thousands of owners All
over the world. -., i, . '
Use for Old Motor
An old motor that has about outlived
its usefulness in a car may b made
into an admirahle stationary power plant
in the garage by running a belt from Its
flywheel to an overhead line shaft, from
which the "power is diverted by . belts to
I lathe, emery wheel, - etc.
SUNDAY JOURNAL, PORTLAND, SUNDAY LIORNING,
MOTOR
INDUSTRIES
PERFORM A BIG
SERVICE IN WAR
MSSSSSSBSBSaBSWaSBSSSISMSSSSSSSSBM
American Passenger Car and
Truck Makers Obtained Con
tracts Amounting to Million.
"Unexpected termination of hostilities
through signing of the armistice on
November 11( 1918, completely changed
the situation with resa.rd to steel and
labor, and the war industries board
promptly removed 50 per cent of the re
striction on production of passenger cars
and trucks," says a review of the opera
tions of the Automotive Products sec
tion of the war industries board, as de
tailed by C. C. Hanch. chief of the sec
tion. "Priority ' restrictions were also re
moved the latter part of November.
Although th chairman of the board, in
tendering his resignation to the presi
dent, recommended that the board go
out of existence on December ,31. the
automotive : products section , remained
a month longer to receive production re
ports as of Deoember 31, 1918, compile
data on scheduled production in 1919,
and to assist, as far as possible, in the
return of 'the industries to a peace, basis.
War Industries Aided
The purpose for which the war indus
tries board wa created was to convert
industries from peacetime activities to
the most effective form of organization
for prosecution of the war in a way that
would work the least hardship and leave
the industries in a condition conducive
to prompt readjustment.
"That the automotive products section
performed its part in this program
wisely and effectively is indicated by the
tremendous volume of war work per
formed by the automotive industries.,
involving, more -than J1,000,000,000 oi
war contracts assumed by the passenger
car and truck manufacturers alone, and
the rapidity with which these industries
are getting back into peacetime produo'
tion.
"If not hampered by delay In making
adjustments and settlements under war
contracts, the automobile Industry prom
ises to be one of the first to get under
normal headway again.
"The effect . of war conditions, as I
reflected In output of motor cars and '
trucks, is ahown in the figures of pro-
duction for the years-1917 and 1918. as :
follows : . ' j
Passenger Car Production
1917. 1918
Total output 1,740,792 926.388
Passenger cars produced for military
purposes, April, 1917, to January 1, 1918.
18.808.
Motor Truck Production"
' 1917. 1918.
Total output , I 128,157 227.250
"Trucks produced for. ."military pur
poses. Including foreign purchases, April.
1917. to January 1, 1919, 98.000. Proposed
truck production during 1919. 327,930.
"The war Industries board and the
chief of the automotive products' section
give full -credit to the industry for its
patriotic co-operation and faithful ob
servance of pledges that resulted in the
success of the work of the board and
aided In the early termination of the
war. The earnest endeavor of the pas
senger car manufacturers to convert, to
war work is indicated by the fact that
last year they were engaged in the pro
duction of a long list of war articles
more or less foreign to their regular
product. This list included gun car
riages, gun recoil mechanisms, naval
gun mounts, artillery wheels. 75 m. m.
and 155 m. m. shell, shell adapters
tractors, tanks, tank parts, airplanes,
airplane , engines, airplane parts, air
plane . bombs, submarine chasers, tor
pedo directors, depth bombs, escort
wagons, water carts, kitchen and bther
trailers.- balloon winches, grenades, lit
ters, ambulance bodies, and many other
articles. ' -
- Termed War Essentials
Issued Circular No. 11. embodying the
decision of the board "that motor trucks,
in so far. as they 'are; used directly or
indirectly for war purposes, tare war
essentials' and their production' for such
purposes must be facilitated, and ; fur
ther, in so. far as motor trucks are "em
ployed in civilian industries for essen
tial .uses, they constitute an important
transportation medium and any curtail
ment of such uses should be avoided as
far as possible." It also held that "it
appears, however, that there ixlst ; in
this industry, as in. many others, factors
of non-essentiality which must, jis a war
measure, be removed. r ; ;
As a practical means of removing
this . degree1 of non-essentiality, ' the
manufacturers, and their distributors
and dealers, were required to execute
a pledge . precedent to securing assist
ance in obtaining materials and parts,
fuel "and ' transportation They : ; were
bound by ;the pledge to sell no- motor
truck except for essential -uses, to sell
no user an. unnecessary number of motor
trucks,.' to 'discourage the' purchase of
any motor . truck . to replace a 'usable
j truck already - in - service and to give a
maximum encouragement to the repair
of trucks. ,'
, "It was expected the effect of this
pledge would be to reduce the output of
trucks to somer extent, not because the
transportation facilities and economies
afforded by motor- trucks were consid
ered unimportant, but solely because of
the shortage of laboj steel. Iron and
other materials entering into their con
struction and use."
The figures on motor ' truck produc
tion, however, it will be noted, show an
Increase in- 1918 production of 100,000
trucks.
U. S. Trademarks
Are Stolen by Huns
Kew York, March 15. The utter lack
of scruple on the part of German busi
ness interests which before the war
sought to1 become dominant in the South
American field, was illustrated by John
S. Prince, acting secretary of the Pans
American society, at its seventh annual
meeting at the Chamber of Commerce.
Prince paid that of 12 autonjohije -tire
manufacturers in the United States using
trademarks known- all over the world,
none can at present sell tires in South
or Central America under its ; own
trademark because German, companies
have appropriated them throughout
,atin America. The same held true In
the case of a well known brand of dev
iled ham, he said.
Cause of Oil Wastage
When the car owner is confronted with
the condition of excessive oil consump
tion and no reasonable explanation is
forthcoming, it is well to inspect the
rear crank shaft bearing. looseness
in the fit of the bearing permits the oil
to work out and materially increase the
consumption.
!tiirinmii!:;imi!
!
You Get Satisfaction
in a Chevrolet
ENDURANCE
ECONOMY
C Mill
IIUIIIIIIIIIIH
. n
THRU II
POWER
YOU CAN BUY '' r IK f
A CHEVROLET FOR $ 5
ON EASY TERMS V iiV
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MARCH IB, 13X3,
AMS OF SUMMER TOURS
MUCH NTERES
TN
BIG SWEEPSTAKES
Automobile Industry .Will Stage
Formal "Come Back" in
Races May' 31.
The -vitality of the motor car industry
and its ability to assimilate punishment
and come back smiling has never been
more strikingly demonstrated than by
the interest which: race drivers, and
manufacturers alike, are manifesting in
the 50.0-mlle International sweepstakes
to be held on ; the Indianapolis motor
speedway. May 31. J: - -
Among all industries, . the automobile
industry , was hardest hit ' by the war.
Not: only was the industry denied the
privilege of keeping up even a small
production but its man power was de
pleted almost ; completely and Its fac
tories commandeered down to the last
lathe and drill press. All of which was
agreeable '.to the automobile industry;
for no one can question the whole
hearted devotion and patriotism of the
men of motordom as . revealed under
fire. ;- h ".:;' - ' ' '
The big question now before the sport-,
ing public is what part Eddie. rUcken
backer, the ace. of American aces, will
play in this ' approaching" race. Will he
be an entrant? Will he exhibit to the
gathered thousands of his countrymen
his prowess as a flyer? Or will he
merely be an Inconspicuous spectator?
Another question : Will the European
maker' be sufficiently recovered from
the war to participate in the big Ameri
can sporting event to . any considerable
FOR THE MONEY
IN THE WORLD
is A '"VT
The Chevrolet is the
climb Hall Street Hill
The Chevrolet's record time to Eugene (faster
than the ' Shasta Limited) has never been
equaled. , - ; V "
Ill
The Chevrolet is built by one of the largest
motor car builders in the world, of i high-grade
materials. Hundreds r of thousands , testify
daily to its durability.
iiiiiiiiiii:
The operating expense to Chevrolet owners is
very small because' of its' light weight, which -means
low gas and oil consumption. '
High Tire Mileage. ' ' 7
2
i
at REGNER & FIELDS, Inc. g
12 GRAND AVENUE AK 520 EAST 2ND ST.
AT EAST BURNS IDE AWU THE DALLES, ORE. s
'Y ..' S!
'
-
extent? This Litter question : seems
pretty,: well answered - by the announce
ment that Jules ; Uoux has already
signed an entry blank and the Sunbeam
factory; of, Wolverhampton, England,,
has nominated "two cars with Chris,
tlsens and Chassagne driving, and by the
asu ranee of the speedway management
that the race will.be international to a
greater degree than any ever. staged on
the two and one-half mile Indianapolis
brick road. ; '
May 31. It seems, will ' be the auto
mobile industry's formal come - back
date. . r '.-,
Grays Harbor County
To Vote on Bonding
Itself for $400,000
Aberdeen, March' 15. Grays Harbor
county wilt vote on i a proposition to
bond the county In the sum of .f.400,000.
The election will take, place April 8. If
the bond . Issue is .carried the county
commissioners will undertake a, road
program Involving $1,640,000 to be com
pleted In five years. . Of., the amount
8850,000 will be paid by the government
and state. The program includes .the
paving 20 feet wide of the Olympla high
way for three miles - west' of Hoqutam
McClary, for which $900.000(ls estimated ;
to j the -Thurston county, line . east ' of
graveling 11 miles of the North River val
ley: road, for which $100,000 Is estimated ;
grading and graveling 15 miles from
Aberdeen to Chohsset beach, for which
$150,000 Is estimated, graveling eight
miles from Cophls teach ' crossing to
Aloha, for which $80.000 : Is estimated
graveling 10 miles of the Olympic high
way, $60,000: building and graveling the
Qeets section of the .Olympic highway
from Qulnault to tho Jefferson county
line. $350,000. ; ' . , ;
OLET
I
15
only four-cylinder car to
in high gear.
Ill
Illil
Q
1
u:
r
" .. . W
J.
1
Used Many
Republic Tires
Thousands of. standard model yellow
chassis Republic trucks have been
shipped to the allied nations during t'h
hour '&...
Investigations of the pertormunt-e rec
ords of Republic trucks in service in ail
part's of the world convinced the ov
erntrvents of France, Kngland, Belgium
and our own country of their ull-rouud
ability and dependability. :
Their faithful and continuous! service
on haatlly constructed military road
and over shell-pitted fields more 'than
THE CYCLOMIZER
GAS MIXER
is no longer an experiment. It has
proven its value, as is attested by
the scores of testimonials we have
published. It Is betnf? successfully
used on hundreds of Portland cars
and we are daily mailing; them to
all parts of the country . For $3.C0
you may have one sent to your ad
dress, and when you have tried It out
you will write us as do others, that,
if .you could not Ret another, you
would not part with It for $50!
CARBl'ItETOR, KHOWINO -.
ClX'LOMIZKIi IHTAI.I,KI
Notice (he fog-like spray Into
which the gasoline It. broken. It Is
this that causes every atom -of it to
be turned, leaving none to be con-'
verted Into carbon, and is the reason
why the CYCLOMIZKK prevents tha
accumulation of carbon on the spark
plugs or any part of the- .carburetor,
, and prevents the gasoline from working-
its way into the lubricating oil.
a thlnir which shortens the life of
the engine at least one-third, accord
ing: to the Hcientlflo American, in
short, the CYCLOMIZER Is WORTH
60 TIMKS ITH COST, for the reason
that it prolongs the life of the encine,
saves IK to 30 per cent of gasoline,
29 to 60 per cent of lubricating; oil,
makes the engine start 100 per cent
easier in any kfnd of weather, elimi
nates all carbon trouble, Rives more
power and pep and makes the, en
gine, even of a Ford, run as smoothly
as that of an electric.
IJT ORDERING BT MAIL
be sure to give name of car and year
Irr which it was made. This is essen
.tial, as we have sizes for tbe various
makes of cars. Following is a lint
of gsrages In Portland which sell.
Install and OITAKANTKR the effi
cacy of the CYCLOMIZER8: The
Covey Motor Car' Co., 21st ' and
Washington sts. ; The Gatxky Auto
Supply Co., ' 995 Hawthorne ave. ;
Kred Dundee's. Broadway and Flan
ders St.; Fashion Oarage. 188 10th
sjL; C, H. & 8. Co., 65 23d stl N. ;
L. H, Buntzel & Co.'s, 110 13th st., bet.
Washington and Stark; L. H. Wal
llngford's. 522 Alder st. : Brickley
Mllier Auto Co., 712 Williams ave.;
Portland Oarage. 6th , and Taylor
sts. ; Climax Auto Co.. 95 Thurman
st. ; . lrvington Oarage & Auto Co..
572. Broadway; Neils Anderson.
Franklin -expert. Machine- Shop and
Oarage, 49 20th st. N. i Washington
Street Garage. 1st and Washington
sts.; Russell Garage, -1062 Haw
thorne ave. Y;- .
ANYONE CATC I Jf STALL IT
It Is a simple thing to Install the
CYCLOMIZER. It can be done by
anybody having a wrench, and direc
tions accompany each one mailed. To
put one on your machine is like de
positing money In a bank only 600
times more profitable as It comes
back to you in the shape of a saving
equal to 1000 per; cent interest.
"IT I THE BEST AUTO
ACCESSORY ISVETJTIO.V
OS EARTH"
Ye
CO
f i
oaies companv
"World Dlntrlbstom
m tierllnger Bldg, Main SSfll
'COT ! :
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