The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 16, 1919, Page 43, Image 43

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Astonishing Results Possible in
Miniature Gardening by Care
ful Study of 'the Conditions.
ractice Not to Be Scorned Even
By Those Who Have Ample
Space Outside for Real Garden
By Kheba Callds Hargreates
Gardening In not Impossible even to
the flat dweller it he ha the disposition
to go to a little trouble to utilize the
(-window and porch room. Really- gor
Iceoua effects may be obtained from thla
miniature gardening With a little careful
study in selecting, massing and blend
ing the .flowers. In fact, even -where
there la ample apace for a real garden
tn the ground, porch and window, boxes
add greatly to appearance", giving the
house a "lived in" look that can be ob
tained la. no other way.
This toy gardening, as it has been
rather scornfully called by some folks
who despise small things. Is in reality
as old almost aa the art of agriculture
itself. It will be remembered that the
hanging gardens of Babylon were con
sidered one of the seven wonders of the
ancient world. .
This form of gardening is governed
by the same general rules that hold "in
any other form of agriculture. There
Is. of course, a certain amount of. care
tfnd troulole necessary to make any head
way, but' after the, boxes are once se
cured '-and In place there is very little
real . 'expense connected with it.
' Effect to Be Considered
In order to secure the best effects the
porch and window boxes should con
form to the same style of architecture
aa the .house itself. .
In the- case of the rough finished
bungalow.ustic effects are particularly
pleasing, or the same stain may be used
on the boxes as is found On the body
of the house. Sharp contrasting colors
are apt to be Jarring notes. , The boxes
themselves should never Intrude on the
notice any more than a vase which
contains flowers should call attention
to itself. It is beautiful only as it
serves to bring out-the beauty of the
flowers. In many cases In the newer
houses these boxes are made when the
house is built, thus being in reality &
part of the house.
rl In case the boxes are not a permanent
feature-, the cheapest thing to be ob
tained is the banana box. These may be
secured from the grocery stores for a
lew cents and they take any stain very
readily, so that three or four of them
give very ' satisfactory - results at the
windows or on the porches. Any sort
ef box is "best fastened by brackets well
outside the porch rail or window ledge,
for if set directly on the ledge the water
from the drain will in time rot the
woodwork of (he house.
: Beep Boxes Are Best
These makeshift boxes are, of course.'
temporary. Where they are built for
tiprmflnflnrv lh,v , ahniflri Ha lined x-lth
Inc and connected with the drain from
the roof so that the excess water may
be carried off. This, of course.-- entails
some little expense, but where the gar
dener owns -his home it pays in the
long run. However, everyone is not sit
uated so that things can be made ideal,
and it is for the gardener in a small
way. who must of necessity Consider the
expense, that this series of gardening
articles is written..' Roosevelt's motto :
"Make the-imost of what you nave."
holds In this aa well - as other ; forms
of endeavor; -; - ;:
Packing, boxes of the proper dimen
sions, faced; up -with bark . gathered on
' 'm 1 iBilllliBlft I
v.(x h ...... IM HI
r ZjrfZ v ' fZaf ' - -' I
ii :" i
- ifl
A block of Portland homes, rendered more attractive by window; boxes
In the fall and allowed to rot will fur
nish the necessary humus. If the flat
dweller has his feet entirely off the
ground, he may secure a bag or tw.i of
good soil from the Italian vegetable
man ; in many cases they have their
gardens In beaverdam land, and a bag
of this beaverdam soil, black and soft
and rich, will insure large returns with
no fertilised whatever. Beaverdam soil
is the last word tn soils; It Is com
posed almost entirely of vegetable mat
ter thrown ap by the beavers in making
their homes and Is, therefore, ideal, es
pecially for flowers. : ,
ilust Stady Conditions
The amount of water to use depends
upon the nature of the plants and their
location. If toomuch is used the first
light frost will kill the plants, and then,
too, the soil Is apt to sour, especially
If in the shade. A little lime water oc
casionally is a good thing to keep the
soil sweet Artificial watering te neces
sary even in rainy spells for it must
be remembered .that being well under
the eaves, no rain reaches the boxes.
In choosing plants Cte location of the
window should be taken into considera
tion. Even if the exposure is northern
there is no need for utter despair. Ferns
love deep shade and a few flowers may
be coaxed to bloom a Jittle, though lav
ish bloom cannot be expected. Lilies
of the valley will thrive without sun.
and grown among ferns the effect is
delightful. Wild flowers gathered in
the woods will bring a lot of cheer. The
wild ginger, which Is found In moist
shady places in this locality, should do
well and the dainty meadow rue there
are two varieties has beautiful foliage,
though the flower is Insignificant. In
bringing wild, things from the woods,
notice the location they have chosen
for themselves and try to make condi
tions as like as possible to their natural
habitat. -
On the south or west side of the
house flowera do well, provided, they
have plenty of water. Bloom will be
early, though there is a tendency to
burning later In the summer, for the
heat that is reflected from the sides
of the building makes the soil very
warm. Watering in this location should
always be done either early In the
morning or after sundown, for If applied
when the rays of the sun are directly
on the foliage it simply cooks the plants.
Flaats Hast Breathe
XDust, and especially the smoky atmo
spheee. 'must be combated. The plants
must, breathe and so the leaves . should
be carefully washed to keep the pores
( open as well aa the foliage bright and
dean, wall riowers win . stana smotce
a?nd , soot better- than any -other flower
and still bloom bravely on- They do
splendid display before the bedding
plants are ready to occupy their places. '
the soil Is too shallow and their life
is apt to be rather short, though they
make a gorgeous display whiletbey
last, but in a month or so they simply
dry up. no matter how much water is
applied. Marigolds and alysslum, can
always be depended s upon.- while rose
moss, verbena. In fact nearly any,Qick
growingv garden annual can be sown
In boxes - and it carefully thinned- and
tended will give a wealth of bloom all
Kor la'ter-blooming, scarlet sage looks
well In boxes.' Lobelias, blue and white;
petunias, dwarf asters, ten weeKs stock,
ageratum and monkey flower give great
variety through . summer? and. until
cauaht by frost in the fall. The, French
Marguerite both white arid yeHow-riaj
a constant bloomer, while the dwarf
nasturtium will flower, amazingly,
though it has a tendency to preempt all
the space.. A few garden, pinks help
along, too. ....y
z Harmony to Be Peslred
The best effects are .secured with, a
careful blending of shades and colore..
For this .reason the boxes, . as stated
before, should be inconspicuous. Tastes
will differ on the point of arrangement,
but. generally : speaking, harmony is to
be desired rather than sharp., contrasts.
All warm colors, such as pink, rose, scar
let, crimson and red,: are easy, to deal
With and group well together." So the
varying shades of yellow, will harmonize.l
but reds and yellows together the least
said about them, the better. Blue, purple
and lilac tints can' safely be placed, to
gether, but if -planted near scarlet and.
pink had best-' have -eom intervening
White or soft cream.' . ; Hard blues and
reds, such aa would be found in a mix
ture of geraniums and lobelias, should
be avoided. The effect is too glaring.
Mixtures of pale yellows, rosy, whites
and faint pinks in combination are al-
biv lovelv. Flowera. heinc in natural
Swe peas are grown in boxes with I a0ioi. Aa not dash an some artificial
varying degrees of success. As a rule colors In fabrics do. but still the effect
Home Gardener
Found Use for All
' Extra .Tomatoes
..'A home gardener-in Bluff ton.- Ind.,
finding the city market over-sup-
plied with locally grownf early toma-
! toee last. seaeon - advar UsedU in lha
local papers and sold hi entire crop
'to farmers, .who came to his place"
at the edge of town to purchase for
i their own use. These, farmer were
busy "with their field crops and negx
lected to plant early ' tomatoes . for
- home use. - .v t
Thus - the city gardener, auppiied
:the farmer -with food while the
farmer r was - producing the conv
.wheat and hogs to feed the world's
population. The city gardener was
doing his patrlotlo duty, by helping
with production through the 'limited
-means at his disposal. a t-..
Every pound of food grown on the
land available for this purpose in
cities and towns adds Just that much
to the total production of the
country. ,f
Clocks to .Be Turned AheacJ
. a. - : ' - v . . . , . .
Dayliit to Be rSayed Agaid
is bettered where the natural blending
is carefully studied. And with the va
riety of shades and tints from which we
may 'now choose, .there is no excuse for
any but good color effects.
There seems to be 'some suspicion in
certain quarters that the daylight saving
law, was a -j yearYipropoaitton.-; If
you; think so read this and then plan to
turn the clock one hour kbeadwhen jyod
pufthe cat out -on the Tast Saturday
I nighV trt' March. Reason T Because f"the
Jaw goes Into effect at 2 a. m, oni the
morning of the last -Sunday in March
while; you are - dreaming whether Ithere
will be any snow to clean off the walks.
X It U quite 'possible- that the figures
experts will never be . able to flxt the
exact value to , the country of , daylight
savings. -Old Ben - Franklin, -who was
the original thlrty-aeoorid degree thrift
expert, -made a fight ; for . the measure
something like 135 years' ago but he
could not put It over. Had we been
saving daylight ever since his time there
Is . no telling what would have hap
pened. But the national war garden
commission at Washington -has some
figures which are stupendous and the
commission only, calculates the Victory
garden Industry. In arriving at the value
of- daylight savings to; the country. .
, Figures-, gathered by the . commission
show Lthat 5,285,000 homi food produc
ing plots' were planted - In 118. With
28 working days in - each of the seven
months you have 183 extra hours of time.
is stirring up the "victory garden" cam
paign by distributing; free a large sup
ply of garden booklets.. ,
Binghampton and Beans J -''
They are going to have plenty of
home grown food : In - Blnghamptonl N.
Y., this year, and the gas.-works there f If only ne gardener worked this extra
hour of time in each plot it will be
seen that 981,870,000 hours of extra time
were " added to the country's wealth,
gince" there are 8760 hours : In a year
you find the staggering total of 100,803 .
years of 24-hour days. ' - -s "i
. t
In a-working, day of eight hours the
real advantage Is found by multiplying
109,808 by three, giving 829,403 working:
or eight-hour days. Importance of this
extra time cannot be overestimated In
the opinion of Charles Lathrop pack,
the president of the ; commission- '
So much for what the daylight saving -law
will do for increasing the production
of food f. o. b. the kitchen door. When
anybody stops to figure what the law
means to office, shop. and other indoor
workers It Is doubtful if , the valtra Can '
be estimated even approximately. Thou
sands upon thousands of" people will
have opportunity to get out Into the day
light upon leaving work. It will mean
better health and more "pep" all along
the line In the opinion of ,tnoe who
watched closely the working of the law
last year.'-;r..s:, .; r.y;..- -, . :
A compressed air method that .has n
been developed for cooling f orglng ..ha ;
been found to Improve the quality of f
the steel. , '; -! . - . . ..r .
Fruit Tree and Berry' Plants
Portland, Or.
Tabor 418S
Route 1
well In partial shade also, and mr are
excursions m the woods or e-en salvaged i particularly adapted to locations where
from the wood pile-when the wood is
delivered io. the fall, form a beautiful
rustic background for flowera and ferns.
One fault with the window boxes In
general fa- their shallowness. To be
lasting, the roots should have 18 to 20
Inches 6f -soil, for they dry out very
rapidlyln warm weather and then. too.
there IS no depth for root - growth so
that the - plant comes to an Inglorious
cna long before the growing season is
over, 'even when i-water is supplied in
lavish quantities. v . ' .
Flower boxes should always be mov
able for, fn the case" of severe wind and
rain even la summer the plants may be
cut to pieces on account of their ex"
posed position. Plants may be beaten
into the ground by a hail storm and
straighten up afterward, but elevated
and with the artificial conditions mak
ing a shallow root system, the chance,
f surviving is lessened. '
Good Dralaage Necessary
3ood drainage Is. of course, necessary.
r A rough, cork box lining is to be recom
mended, but a supply of broken tile or
; crockery laid over the holes bored in
the bottom of the box with a layer, of
: moss over this and then the soil care
fully placed, -will answer. If the box
should be located in partial shade the
. crockery will - not heat the earth to
any great extent. Moss gathered, in
the wboda and placed on the surface
of the soil around the plants will help
greatly in retaining the moisture as well
as adding to the beauty of the flowers.
The moes can be removed to cultivate,
Uor the soil should be constantly stirred
to conserve the moisture and to keep
i It from hardening.
Growth depends greatly on the sort of
soil used. Good garden loam, well en-
. riched with barnyard manure and leaf
mold. Is best. In case commercial fer
tilizer ,must be used, leaves gathered
these adverse conditions, prevail.
A kitchen window garden- may con
tain mint, chives, parsley, a few lettuce
plants, and some mlnsature carrots and
radishes. This little box will save many
pennies in the course of a season for
when a bunch of soup or garnishing ma
terial is bought very little of It is ac
tually -used, but with a box growing a
little . flavoring may be gathered as
.-No one would think of a flower box
Without thinking of geraniums, but It
must r be borne in-imtnd that they-are
sun - loving plants and should have a
south or west exposure. In particularly
sunny places the ivy leafed geranium is
ideal. Owing to Its trailing habit of
growth It soon covers the sides of the
box. thus protecting the roots from the
sun rand so prolonging the blooming
period of the other flowers.
TTariety Is Desirable
Trailing plants, such as ground ivy,
known as Creeping Charlie, and German
ivy are good for this, also. The roots
do not take up very - much : room, so
tljere is space left for the plants of
higher.- growth. For fragrance, a few
plants of mignonette should not be overlooked.-
In fact, a window box" is best
when given overVto a variety of plants,
providing the colors blend.
Fuchsias are good on the east side
of the house . where there Is very little
sun. They may be wintered over and
kept from year to year or started from
cuttings in the spring and set out after
the danger of frost is over. Musk is a
fragrant shade loving plant, which looks
well with ' the fuchsia. It can some
times : be . gathered wild elng streams
or may be grown from seed.
1 For very eaTly blooms, bulbs planted
In the boxes in the fall will do nearly
aa well as m the ground. Daffodil, cro
cus, snowdrops and hyacinths make a
The Swiss Floral
,1 L0V
For beautiful planting
v Me service, of . ,:
is unexcelled.
We assist our customers with heloful advice
an'd practical suggestions :
Office and Greenhouses, East 7th and Hancock
Sts. Store 23d and Gltsan!
5 . Ai -1
JK. 11 I J -
QVER a quarter
century as the
Seed Headquarters
of the Northwest
guarantees that we
can serve you to your
profit and satisfaction.
1 MrJ
r JsMst jr as Vmn.t J -re j g
Offices and Sales Rooms
S. . Corner Front and Yamhill Sts.
The Mark of
Our Diamond ! Trade Mark
on a packet of-seed or item
of niercli'andise is the mark
of quality that represents
the very best obtainable, i
VOUR HOME GARDEN carefully planned and planted will help to increase the surplus food for export, reduce your
living expenses, and give you delicious fresh vegetables for your table and for canning of a. quality that you cannot buy.
A well kept lawn and a few choice shrubs add greatly to the value and attractiveness of your home.
Sweet Peas
The new "Early Flowering" long-season Spen
cers will bloom six weeks earlier and flower
.through. a longer season r than -other Spencers.
Flowers are large, ot finest apencer form ana
colors are brilliant and beautiful.
5 Varieties, 1 pkt. each, postpaid 65c
sortment of six finest iSpencers, 6 pkts., Kflf
postpaid U . . . .
See Catalogue for complete list of most pop
t , ular Sweet Peas ;
. Early Plantings Male Finast; Flowars
quality; : j
OREGON Grown Seeds and Plants Improved
varieties of bur own introduction have stood
the test of time and competition and. are established
standards in the. Coast markets.
Two-Year Field-Grown
T , Dl a-
Sure to ThrlT ana Bloom Tredy
We offsr a splendid assortment of new and
standard varieties for garden decoration or
cut flowers. - 4
SifTf Ton ithe right kind of stock to make a sturdy, thrifty
-vs I 1 growth and produce their grand exhibition blooms, y
. y'O- J For Best Rnvlts Ton Shosld Plant w
"-r,- How to (jirow Roses," y Rer. S. 8. Sulllger, FreA to Tos
Hardy Perennial Flowering Plants
Once planted are good for' all time, increasing in beauty each year, blooming
continuously through the season. Succeed everywhere, need little attention, and
are inexpensive.
We offer a fine collection of the most desirable sorts for beds, borders, rock
work and special planting effects. Strong clumps that will flower freely. See
Catalog for -descriptions and prices
GARDEN HERBS La vender. Sage, Peppermint, Horseradish. Chives, Etc.
PRICES Choice Plants, lf to 25 Kaeh $1.50 to S2.50 per Dosen
Mill Til 111 111 III HIT
T-i Yf:;f v - -i ' Jfli.."
mwiww in hi hi in in job
if you ant select, true-type, vigor
ous stock that will yield the maximum
crop of shapely salable tubers, buy our
own Introductions:
"Earliest of All" Prizetaker
Producer Pride of Multnomah
Snow, i Scotch Rose, KaHy Rose, Bsr
bankf California White Bass and
American Wonder, ,
I For aarly' potatoes, "Earliest of AH."
1 the earliest and finest quality potato.
For late. "Pride of Multnomah."
For general use. where one variety
only is planted,, our "SNOW" potato is
sura to please quick-growing. . heavy
yielding, superior quality. See Catalog.
Every Home Garden Shoald Have a
, Few Clamps of
Riverside Giant
and as
These are delicious 'and whole
some, are easily grown, find a ready
sale, and are very profitable for
Asparagus Roots, dozen. .. . 25
MS -for .. ............. .....l.o6
Riverside Giant Rhabarb Root Cut
tings, each 15c. dosea SI. SO
Here Are Some of Our
Big Successes
Earliest of ATI and Pride of
Multnomah Potatoes, Golden
West Sugar Corn, Oregon
Yellow Danver Onions. St.
Valentine Broccoli. Shadeland
Seed Oats, Oregon Yellow
Dent Corn, New Oregon
Strawberries, . Riverside
Giant Rhubarb. '
These Have Won
Large Returns for
They Will Win for You
OUR 1919 Catalog and Planters' Guide is the standard
reference for growers of the Northwest, listinc the
best of everything for farmers, gardeners, home owners,
poultrymen and bee Weepersgives reliable information
and is a safe guide to your purchases.
Diamond Quality
New "and improved varieties, chosen for their food value and productive
ness, will insura the success of your kitchen garden. .
fall-sown seeds, ar also ready. . -
or in the house for later transplanting.
The$e are very hardy and fiheuUf iber fnU4r
early. They are sure to thrive.; tp4 bloom
freehr until frost, and are unequaled for beds.
rock-work, treUises, vases, etc., as they come both tall and dwarf, and
will make a fine display on poor soil where othlr flowers would -Q
fail. We offer a salact fist, of Finest name varieties, JT ,
; See our Catalogue 'for complete list of FLOWER SEEDS ' ,
To produce- a luxuriant, evergreen, velvety? lawn, sow our Diamond
Mixed Lawn Grass and fertilize with our Diamond Lawn Fertilizer.
We offer special mixtures for wet land, terraces shady places, tennis
courts, golf links. - , i
We can- save you money and help you to secure the best possible
results from.your plantings. - ;
Healthy and delicious
easilys grown anywhere.
Your . home garden
should not be without
its bed of Strawberries.
One Hundred Plants $1
Nursery Catalog .JSS Mailed Free
Diamond FERTILIZERS are all fertiliser iae bass Is bens meal and
tankage, to which the necessary chemical elements are added. No
' sand, earth or cheap fillers are used. . . J t .
Diamond LAWN FERTILIZER Is odorless, economical, and Its beneficial
results are quickly apparent. - .
For New . La was use S pounds to 10 feet square, worked into the soli
before sowing the seed. Follow this with a top dressing of the same
. amount as soon as the grass is high enough to cut.
ror Old La was use i pounds to 10 feet square, evenly distributed, as a
top dressing early In the season.
For Roses, Shrubs and Flowering Plants a handful worked tno the soil
a little distance away and around the plant will show quick and satis
factory results. - v '
Diamond YEGETABLE FERTILIZER S pounds to 10 feet square worked
into the soil before planting will work wonders in your vegetable
garden.- Later application between, rows may be made at the rate of
4 ounces to 10 feet of row. ...
At are maanfaetsrers of and carry a complete line of Fertilisers aad
- Fertilising Material. Fall laformailon and prices on. reaest.
Do not longer delay the pruning .; and -sprayinx, xf ROSES and
TREES. We supply everything needed, from the simplest, inex.
pensive band sprayer to the largest power, outfits. , ... ,.,,or
SPRAYS FOR EVERY PURPOSE furnlsffed in convenient packages
with full instructions for use irt small gardens. -
See Catalogue for Hand Shears and -Tree Pruners
XORONA' The Universal Insecticide
' "COBOXA DRY used as a dust spray Is a safe. Inexpensive, easily applied
and efficient remedy for all chewing garden pests and for use on fruit trees,
berry bushes and plants that will Insure perfect fruit and clean vegetables.
THE CORONA GARDEN OUIDE Is a complete, authoritative guide and
reference for practical day by day. month by month growing of gardens,
large and small ; gives complete and dependable- information about vege
tables, berries, fruits, lawns, decorative shrubs, vines, flowering plants, etc.
This book Is too valuable for free distribution, but will be sent to any address
postpaid for 10 cents or FRKB with 6 pounds of "Corona." - -
OUR FERTILIZER BOOK IS FREE Tells How and When to Apply-Ask f or a Copy
sas-ssfc -
"Thoroughbred Poultry and Eggs
: For Setting
Call at our store any time and see the BPCKEYE" Inrnba.
tors aad Bnooders hatching and brooding chicks. Our Poal
try Snpply Catalog lists everything necessary - for the suc
cessful production ot Poultry tells how to care for: and
raise chickens. , ". . - .. -:.... .-
i i i rv ' ztr i f v r r i
i I I 1-1 i-iki l . sSft anr I II IV S
1 ffiift5THfii5lir3l15' PAj
I av "V Si s.
HONEY Is the best substitute for Sugar.. and is more
YOtT CAN KEEP BEES any place where they can ;'r
foraae Within the radius of a mile. . - ;
necessary for the care of Bees and
Honey. Telia how to keep and handle
free. .- . ... 1 4-,
ts ''everything I
production of j
Bees. Mailed 1
YAMHILL and FRONT Streets Southeast Corner Phones: Main 4040, A 1252
t J 1 ' i