The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 14, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL. PO RTLAND, PJIIDAY, MAKCH l. Iglg.
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oepi esmir eiieraoon; , at m 7
wregan.
ntered at the Fostotfiee at Portland. Oregon,
(of transmission through th mall a second
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tiLEi-HONES Main T 17 8, - Horn. A-wOil.
Ail ttpittanu melHil H mm
Tell the operator what department yea, went.
Foreign advertwdio b ef k es k.n t at i v b
Benjamin aveataor co niDwica juibh,
S2S rink avenue. Slaw Tort J 00 MaUars
Muudlne'. CJMcaaot. '
rubaeHptma tarns by mail Is Out and Weee
. Inatoa:
i 11A1L.T VOR3TTNO OB AJTBEKOOH)
On y',....5.r0 Ori Month... . $. SO
i . pvnT
Ana- Mr . .11.10 I Om month f .2
faAILT UI0R.NINO OR ASTERNOOX) AND
: HTTNnAY "v ' '
boa tM .....ST.80 I On month. .SB
r - ...
A mother is a, mother still.
Tha holiest thin alive.
Coleridge.
TAFT OR DUNIWAY
;"A'
MEIUCANS ought to realize
.that . wuen tbey form tnis
League of Nations, and are
ruled bv foreigner ny a
majority of the executive council of
line, then the foreign majority win
rule Americans."
The words are from a letter by
lalpiv Duniway opposing the League
bf Nation.
I Mr. Duniway knows better. The
executive, council cannot Impose its
jwill upon America. Here Is .what
William Howard Taft says about it: ;
When Senator Knox'a attack upon
lh validity of the covenant la analysed,
it will seem to rest on tho assump
tion that tho executive councH la given
executive powers, which la UNWAR
ranted by the text of the
covenant, the whole func
ii ion or the executive coun-
fclli M TO BE THE MEDIUM
ftHROroH WHICH THE LEAGUE
- Members are to exchange
SriEWS. THE ADVISORY BOARD TO
CONSIDER ALL OTHERS ARISINO
&N THE FIELD OF THE LEAGUE'S
JPOSSD3LE ACTION. AND TO AD-h'ISE-
THE MEMBERS AS TO WHAT
JTHET OUGHT BY JOINT ACTION
rro DO.
I Mr. Taft has devoted years to he
itudy of the league. Plans of arbi
tration between, nations was one of
his policies as president. Probably
po ether1 man in the world Is better
informed on the subject of a world
league to enforce peace. : ,-
As president of the United States,
le caw, through diplomatic channels,
is nations -as they are. He realized
the Influences and motives that un-
iderlie International diplomacy. He
iad (hat experience . with interna
aional law and international inter
jcourse that can only come through
fa term in the presidency. He is now
professor of . international law at Yale
iniversity. ,
When ; Ralph-" Duniway says that
mder the executive council foreign-
bm win rule America," and Mr. Taft
says they will not, most people will
je'leve Mrv Taft.
Following a Leasrue of Nations lec
ture by Evangelist Taylor at Weston,
bis audience unanimously voted in
favor of the league clan as Dronosed
at tho Paris conference, savs the
Leader.. The Weston Commercial club
is ' adopted resolutions indorsing tho
lan and wired a copy of the reso-
jlution to the Oregon delegation in
mgress. The Sherman county teach
ers Institute has adopted resolutions
condemning -destructive criticism of
the plan , for a - league. The little
'Americans who are - fighting it will
ultimately discover that the masses
of the American' people ; are- almost
solidly. foT the league.
- . ! FUTILE CONGRESS
MOBODY. was muchi surprised to
see congress expire with a mass
of m unfinished business - on its
; hands. : It "Is ; tha . fashion of
recent congresses to adjourn and
" fexpire ' with their work undone.
. Congress is not organized for- work.
JNelther ; house is : a working body,
.except. under whip and spur by the
; executive as was the case ; during
the 'Twar, when congress responded
; well to the public requirements.; ;
But with the armistice came con
- gressional chaos. The senate in par
ticular, has since been a debating
club. ; not I a body l. engaged in the
. , serious business of legislating for the
tuiimr? si uib ena oi a great war.
-I The ommIttee system with fits
f seniority of .membershiTj id i fatal
i.M , : ,
te.Sr
Members are promcted to chafrman
ships of ' important committees, not
necause . mey are aoie, but because
they- are growing -old. No matter
'how Incompetent a member 'may be,
if he ' can contrive to keep his seat
for 45 or 20 years he la certain to
rise to the highest positions. Under
Ethe seniority system scum . rises in
'congress as Inevitably as on a boil
'ing kettle of brine. For many years
the . lower house kept Itself some
what, free from the fetters of the
seniority, system, but.it is said that
a change. is coming. It will submit
to the rule that the highest com-
mittee positions ; shall go s to the
. oldest members. ' .. . .
, The house will thus add to its
. own weaknesses the worst weakness
of the senate. Both houses complain
that the president - tyrannizes over
them. But somebody must spur them
forward or they would never get
anythin 4one.
It is the simple truth 4 that con
gress has lost Its ability to accom
plish anything ' without a master.
The spectacle is a sad one, but it l
not the president's fault- There is
nothing in the world except congress
itself to hinder' congress from being
the g most powerful factor In the
government. " -i
, It ' Is a . neat iproblem which Mr.
Olcott puts up to .the state's, law
officers. : He is governor by virtue
of being secretary: of state. Can he
resign bis secretaryship and continue
to be governor? In other words, can
a 'tub stand on its bottom after tho
bottom is taken away? ' ..
LEADING THE WAY
Two Portland banks, ? me rirsi
National and the. United States
National; ; have subscribed $500()
eacu sur me proposea snow pa-
vflion of the Pacific International
Livestock association. -
It is . a splendid example. Tho
stockmen of the Oregon country
deserve ' such; encouragement. They
are state builders and wealth build
ers. . i-S 1 ; r'.- : '-
.1 Portland can well afford ; to have
concern for 4 her j hinterland. '- The
more , encouragement and financial
baoking this city gives to her back
ccuntry the greater will be her
own development. 1
No rural enterprise Is better for. a
country thap' animal ; husbandry. The
farm without l'vestock soon becomes
a barren farm. It soon becomes a
mortgaged farm. It soon becomes
a farm bankrupt In soil fertility and
that kind of a farm is a dead farm.
The broad meadows and fields
and pastures out there in the coun
try are the primal state asset. They
will yield wealth forever if their
fertility Is preserved, and their fer
tility will be preserved if every acre
Is made to support every domestic
animal that it will feed. If,- - as far
as possible the products of the soil
are fed to stock on the farm, that
farm will go on and on producing
crops and giving a profit to its
owner. J
Since it is the stockmen them
selves who are moving to maintain
the annual livestock show in Port
land, since it is the men out there
in -the valleys and hills who are
striving in modern ways to build
up a modern livestock industry, since
in the long run the prosperity created
out there on the land will promote
a reflected prosperity in Portland,
how eager Portland should be to
substantially encourage the plan.
Interior Oregon has long claimed
that Portland was too little concerned
with activities and aspirations out
there! There is opportunity in Port
land now to do much to remove
that impression, and the two Port
land banks have exampled the way.
The tunnel under, the English
channel so, long talked of begins to
look like a coming reality. Both
France and England favor it if we
may believe the reports. The old
objection to it was the dread of
an underseas invasion. The British
feared a French army marching under
the waves. The French feared a
British army. Now neither fears the
other for the League of Nations
has put an end to invasions, or It
soon will. , ..
SOME NOVELISTS
T
HE only two recent .United States
novelists who are much read on
the continent of Europe are Jack
London and ' Upton Sinclair.
London's death heaves to Sinclair a
solitary eminence among readers
across the Atlantic. It is said that
Theodore Dreiser Is gaining ground
on the continent, however much he
may be deplored at home for, his
immorality., .
A French book i on "Anrio-Saxon
Mystics and Realists" just published
in Paris ranks Emerspn, Walt Whit
man and Jack London side by side.
which Is not the conventional view
here. Who is right . about it ?
Was Jack London really a literarr
light of the first magnitude? And is
Upton Sinclair a ; first rate genius
despised by his -countrymen? -; Georg
Brandes, the eminent Danish critic,
6ets Sinclair at the head of our
living writers. Andreyiev, the Rua-
san man of letters, ranked Jack
London, Upton Sinclair and - Kipling
together as the foremoet . writers of
current English.'
American readers are. Derhans. a
little disposed "to undervalue such
men as Sinclair and London he-
cause they do not imitate BrWsh
models. , '
Klamath county is not likeiv to
regret ' the purchase of a tractor
for road work. . The Investment Is
a little heavy but the returns from
likitio ueavy ouv me returns rrom
be abundant and lasting
ter pay 16000 for a tractor and get
permanent road Improvement than
to use horse teams , and get nothing
but temporary makesh ifts. Make
shifts have been j the bane of our
roads for more years than one likes
to remember.-- Klamath has-set a
good example. - -
THE PLEBISCITE "
lO SOME anxious aonla th re
turns from The Journal's Lftatnift
of Nations plebiscite must be
a surprise, not to sav a Khvi-
The figures are ;so different from
what they had expected. If the
whole country Is disposed, to vote
as the - people ; of . Oregon do tho
prospecJL offers but 'slight consola-
tion to the opponents of the league.
- How shall'; we' explain the j votef
Does it indicate confidence . In the
president and nothing else? it in
dicates confidence in thejpresident
and something- more.. The plebiscite
demonstrates that the people of Ore
gon have not been converted to mili
tarism.' :
An esteemed local contemporary
remarked the other day that the.
"idea" : of German militarism ? had
been "shot 'dead. - It argued there
from that other . Ideas could ; be shot
dead, which is comfortable doctrine
for reactionaries: ., .
German militarism, however,; was
not an idea but an institution
founded on the Idea of divine right
And it has not been shot dead, un
happily for the world. It is alive
and vigorous in altogether too many
United States; politicians and Jingoes
of all sorts. But , The, Journal
plebiscite proves that it will soon
be dead if the wishes of the people
can kill it f
The people do not. seem- to believe
that the upbuilding of Prussian mil
itarism in the United States would
be exactly the; right return for the
blood" and money they ; have spent
to destroy the monster In "Europe.
That is why I they favor the. League
of Nations. That Is why . the plain
people take j the trouble to write
letters to state their Views of the
subject. : ' ' - .- - ' '
They believe that the Xeague of
Nations - will j put a stop , to wars.
It may have defects. Jts preliminary
constitution may be Imperfect i But
never mind. As long as It promises
to accomplish. the fundamental ob
ject of killing militarism the. people
like it s. : ! : "T-"
Whatever defects' the league 4 may
have can be cured by time and
thought, But the critical moment
for cementing the league Itself might
not ' appear again fog- a thousand
years. So the. people say, "Strike
while the Iron is hot"
Freewater is holding a revival in
its federated church, though Its In
habitants are; pretty good Christians
already. A tdwn which maintains a
federated church gives about the best
evidence, one could ask of its Chris
tian spirit. What the Freewaterites
are after in their revival, we; appre
hend, is not to get converted. That
happened to them when they! agreed
to federate. But they desire to grow
in grace. For instance, they will
ask. the Lord to inspire them to in
crease their minister's salary.
A NATIONAL POISON
CONDEMNING the. admission of
politics at the governors' confer
ence at Washington, the Phila
delphia Public Ledger says:
But' everybody talked politics.
Politics lias embarrassed the presi
dent. It; made the laat session of , the.
senate an occasion that will be re
membered with shame. '
Political bigotry ia being- felt every
where in the country now like an epi
demic. It clouds otherwise normal
minds. Yet the man who. In an emergency-
like the present one, cannot rise
above party prejudice ia not a ; good
citizen. '. ? .
He is not even a safe one.
The Public'! Ledger is the greatest
Republican newspaper in America. It
is a newspaper with a conscience.
Its thought is of the country and the
world. - It is far above the petty
things in human affairs. Its -concern
is with, things that will forward
the welfare of America and mankind.
, Political bigotry is a poison. It
dulls vision.- jit stupefies perception.
Shrewd politicians use it to lead men
into" false paths. ;
The man who permits his thinking
to be done for him by a party leader
Is not a free; man He wears a col
lar. He is led around like a bull
with a ring in his nose.- ;
t He talks about liberty but he has
not liberty to think and ad for. him
self. Some politician doea his think
ing, pulls a string and makes him act
It Is, however, a good augury that
men rose -above such things during
the war. As the Publio Ledger says,
they should do the same thing during
the equally vital period of recon
struction. ' '"'''' ;;'-f' ;; "
If non-partisanship .was a good
course In war, why not a good course
in peace? The "very fact that parti
sanship had to be laid aside for the
country to get somewhere in ; war,
6hows that men are wrong .in per
mitting It to; control them. In : peace.
Happily, on the super .issue of the
League , of Nations, the American
masses are almost universally non
partisans. They are making ' it a
patriotic Issue, not a party isse.
The League of Nations provides
for areductibn in armaments. That
would lessen
the burdens of the peo
ple. ; Ir, America about 70 per cent
Of the," cost of government before
the t! late war . was directly due Mo
past wars and preparations for wars
to come. But reduction, of armaments
would also lessen the profits of gun
makers, powder . manufacturers; bat
tleship builders and many other pro
ducers of war "materials, equipment
and supplies. ; They da not want a
League of Nations. They want the
menace of war to be ever present
so t there : will; be- good sale of ; their
products and good profits for f their
business. . The profits they made in
the late -war make s them keen to
forestall any world agreement that
will Interfere with their industry.
For the first time in 50 years, But
ler and Westmoreland counties, com
prising a congressional district- In
Pennsylvania, have gone Democratic.
At a special election, John H. Wilson.
Democrat-, came out squarely for the
League of Nations.- as now drafted
or as' it may be finally " accepted at
Paris, and his - opponent took the
stand that , his action would be gov
erned by the course of : Republican
ieadera who had 'already . declared
against the proposed league, Wilson
was easily elected on the Issue. Only
once before . since ' the Republican
party was formed has the district
gone Democratic. The people - of
America1, after what the late war
cost them In lives and treasure, do
not want their sacrifices to have
been in vain.
THE "CITY OF
PORTLAND"
A Ship That the New Dispatches Are
A ' ; Telling- About. .
By Ward A. Irvine
Apparently rudderless, United Stateu
shipbuilding authorities are drifting on
the high qeas. They are in search of
practical types of vessels from which to
build an ' American merchant fleet. As
they are carried hither and which way,
aimlessly, the exploits of a certain Co
lumbia river wooden craft are recounted
in the porta of the seven eeas her rec
ord trips from Columbia river to Shang
hai in 33 days, and from Manila to San
Francisco in 34 ; they have spread
broadcast the fame of the motorship
"City of Portland," the pioneer of ber
.type, the larg-est wooden vessel '-constructed
until 1916 and equipped with
the internal combustion Boltnder ; oil
burning engines.
a ' ;
The "City of Portland" la another
tribute to Yankee ingenuity. In 1915
the wooden shipyards of the' Pacific
coast were almost stagnant 'Inasmuch
as the steam schooner coast trade was
amply supplied with vessels and tha
coastwise lumber trade was amply sup
plied . with vessels and the coastwise
lumber trade was carried in tbe 1.000.
000 feet capacity steamers. To prevent
the death of the wooden shipbuilding in
dustry on the caost, H. F. McCormick
conceived tho idea of a larger wooden
vessel with economical 6wer' that could
compete in the offshore trade with any
thing then in existence. ' The" idea was
presented to J. H.- Prita, manager of
the St.. Helena Shipbuilding company,
who drew plans for the "City of Port
land. the largest , wooden ship at
tempted up to that time.
The guns of criticism were leveled at
the ship.'. "She cannot stand the off
shore trade" and "she cannot make the
long voyages and carry the burden of
lumber for which she ia designed" were
hurled at her from veteran mariners.
The "City , of Portland" defied her
challengers. On her maiden voyage she
crossed the Columbia river bar on Sep
tember 6, 1916, bound for Port Pirrle
with 2,000,000 feet of mining timbers.
The run was made in 48 days. She has
since- sailed all. over the - world.'. She
waa commandeered by the government
to carry mahogany to Atlantic coast
porta, was transferred back to the Mc
Cormicks, and is now owned by a
French, shipping concern.
The motorshioT could stand the off
shore voyages because strength was the
fundamental consideration in her con
struction. The average length of -Oregon
fir employed was 85 feet, and be
cause of the ship's length, a steel truss
waa 4nstaUed running fore and aft
amidships. She is a single deck vessel 278
feet long, baa a beam of 48 feet, a 19
foot hold, and fcaa a lumber capacity of
2.000,000 feet, half on deck and half in
the hold. Her--gross tonnage ia. 1791,
net 1689, and she has. a deadweight
carrying capacity , of 2350 ton on a
igur z pi zreeooaro.
The "City of Portland" is equipped
with two 820-horsepower Boltnder oil
burning engines, which, her chief engi
neer boasts, will drive steam propelled
craft from the seas. Twenty barrels of
oil are consumed dally. The chip has
five mast equipped with sails, but no
topmasts, and two sets of winches
which are capable of loading lumber
at the rate of 400,000 feet daily.
The stockholders, many of them Port
land and St. Helens people, practically
doubled their money in two years. The
vessel 'was built at a cost of $227,000
and sold to a French company for ap
proximately 1400,000. It ia estimated
that I600.Q00 would be required to re
produce the "City of Portland" at the
present time.
Referring to Portland as a port, H.
F. McCormick of the McCormick line,
a man thoroughly versed in ship con
struction and operation, . declares : '
"Portland should have at least 25
motorabips, similar to the 'City of Port"
land, ' 20 schooner dgged sailing ves
sels of the 1,500,000 feet lumber type. 10
sailing vessels of the larger type that
would carry 2,000,000 to 2,600,000 feet of
lumber, and 10 smaller type that would
carry 1,200,000 feet. These vessels could
be actively engaged in the - Atlantic
coast and offshore trade, and would be
profitable to the Investors.
"There is no better way to build up a
port than to have- the vessels owned by
local people. Ninety per cent of the
money spent on the construction of ves
sels of this kind would be spent in Ore
gon for labor -and materials ; business
for docks would be created by sums
spent in. loading and unloading and for
supplies ; and a maritime community
would be established. Each individual
should ; have at least $500 of stock In
the vessels, so as to become Interested
in a merchant marine. The lumber
situation would be relieved, .all mills
and logging camps would operate, and
business generally would be stimulated
throughout the state.
Where There Is Need to
Harmonize the Crosses
From "Tha Red Croag in Palestine." by Joba
Ftnlar. tat "Asia" Magazine
I said that the Russian "women were
all meek in aoDearance. Thr -a.-am
exception. A woman of sharp, .. eager
sseajoi, witn a gray shawl
over TnAsu: sMlni. n t
- - - . . " ouanuus near
the door,-approached me and said, in
iure eiwii v, Bpeamng. m j Tench,
"Quelle Croix T' What cross? I did not
at first understand the import of her
inquiry, though I realised that she was
puttingto me an all-important question.
"Quelle Croixr " "Grecque ou Latine?"
(What cross do you make, that of the
Greek church or of the Latin church?;
that is. from left to rto-ht - mm it..
" " ... V ... igui
to left?) My answer was "La Croix
.rouse, uw rtea uross. Alia that is the
answer which the Croix Rouge, the Red
Cross, Is to make to people of every race
and sect. It la the sign of mercy uni
versal, the sign not of Christian faith.
but of human brslhsrhnm i
given tha Red Cross it widest scope and
meaning ana illustration.. - And here in
Palestine, of aJl lands in, ihe world.
ro ycu FAVOR A league of NATIONS
to prevent future wars, such as President WU-
son and: Former President' Taft are working for?;
Enclose tU aoopoa fa aa etrvelopa ad.
dieawd to "Laaxaa f Kattoos ritor.
Car The Joaraal, PorUand. Orttoa,
er brine It to "The Joernal tinilniaa)
efflea and drop it ia tha baOut box.
Only paraana of TotiaaT aaa
and is t Wllot. x
where . religious partisanship 1? most
bitter, where the world's alma have
been asked for the sake of Christ. Mo
hammed and Abraham here above all
places t the Red Cross needed to help
unite all and to Illustrate the best
methods of this universal mercy.
j : r
. Letters From the. People
ivononiumuvDi acn w " - .
BrsUon ia this department should ba written on
only on aids of tha fapar. aboold not aacaed
SOO words ia lansth and moat ba aicn4 tha
ntr, wlioss mail a4draaa to full moat ocara
paoj tba cosUnbution.) ,
: AVould Abolish the Senate '
Silverton, March 6. To the Editor of
The Journal An "honest truth'" self
government haa been the ideal f all
good men and women of all ages. Now
some degree of self - government has
come to the socalled civilized world In
spots, and great thinkers of all countries
are meeting at Paris to unite all peoples
on this principle in a League of Nations,
the only begotten "federation of the
world" ever attempted to be actually
born. ' '
Meanwhile we, the people, should and
once more fully secure the three great
fundamental rights, - namely, the right
of freedom of thought and its free ex
pression on all publio questions through
the press and from the platform ; the
right to a direct, unhampered ballot on
all ttma Attentions : and the right to
enforce the rule of the majority. To
gain these rights every community
should have a publio hall and a public
forum. The best speakers obtainable
on both Bides of all subjects of public
interest should be encouraged and all
nUl.on. ii.lnul tn Attend and to take
part in this great educational work.
After thorough aiscussion me oaum
should be freely and Joyously used and
tiii tha mi, nr law thus determined
V ..Ul. . ...w v.
by the majority should be strictly en
forced until changed oy anoiner major
ity vote. In this way the people can
.('.Mrfhlmr thsv vantuul rlimb I1D
"""o w - - -
and" up toward human perfectability ;
ana, ll government are uwukuim
among men deriving their just power
ffnm the consent of the governed." this
muct be the ideal self government.'
Local matters snouia do controiea as
far as is practical by local people, but
I fn. evnmnle. many ' dsodI of the
whole United States came to believe It
best to abolish the United states senate,
first the period of discission should be
exhausted, then the voting laae piece,
i .1,. molnr'tv nf tha Twnnla desire
SIIU. Llil. . ' ijw - - J " M . -
it, a constitutional amendment made
abolishing our "house of lords.
Perhaps there ia no better way , to
u thia ; "letter from the People'
than to express our candid opinion that
we, the people, snouia aestroy wis reun
of royalism called "the senate" and that
we have a right to ao so wnenever we
onnoitiriA it has become destructive of
our life, liberty and the pursuit of hap
piness. ' .
xt t t. tmia tVtot S7 at at.n
.anitnrg an working against our life.
mi, llhartv And Oil t" nursuit of hasDiness
in opposing the League of Nations? If
Mr. Wilson were a Republican, it is
safe to believe that these political trait
ors would work and vote for the league,
and, of course, the partisan Democrats
would then, work" against it. The th'nk
imr tmiVIa will surely get tired of these
unprincipled wars among their serv
ants and will find a way, or make one,
to abolish this political cesspool altfe-
Let us have .more discussion. Let us
learn to call for a vote. Let us oe sat
isfied with nothing short of the rule
of the majority. J. tnjaantun.
Spruce Sales
Vancouver. Wash., Feb. 28. To the
Editor of The Journal In today'a
Jout-nal. on page 16, appears an article
under the captaion, , "Government WUI
Trv Sales' Idea for Spruce Equipment'
Then it gives the enormous sum of
$10,000,000 as the worth of supplies and
eauinment of the cut up plant or van
couver and of spruce camps in Oregon
and Washington. Bids upon this stuff
were so low that they were not worthy
of consideration. If this' material and
equipment is not said in a reasonable
time It will deteriorate still more. Who
is the loser? Who is the government?
Answer: We, the people pf the United
States, who will be called upon to make
up the deficit in the treasury. How?
By war taxes for years to come. Could
we purchase enough of this material to
build a home? No, we can rent from
the man or set of men who contrive
these things and pay exhorbitant rentals
or get out in the street. For nearly
two years the press haa been flooded
with articles about home building, and
8 till the working man is hunting a house
to rent. Look at the howl that went
up about building 125 homes for work
ers at the G. M. Stadifer company plant.
Did they build them? No. They built
21, and there'' they stand,' all empty
except one or two. Who owns those
hqmes? Why are they not occupied
by workingmen? The reason Is they
won't rent them, and yet every- day X
hear of 20 different families hunting for
houses to rent. The fact seems to be
that these homes were not intended for
the . common people unless . they would
put up the money to buy the home away
out from the city. Along side of these
homes is piled up thousands of dollars'
worth of material for building more.
Is this Uncle Sami business or Is it a
graft, or what is it? Why are they
not turned over to the men they were
built for , if it be a fact that they
were built to house the worker. Per
haps the time will come when, the work
ingman who own a city lot. or an
acre of land can bid on some of this
wasting material and build a home.
giving it as security 'at a low rate of
interest and lessen the war tax all the
sooner. ... ;
W. A. GOODWIN (Carpenter),
, The Jewish Home Land
Portland, March 10. To the Editor of
The Journal What , the ' Jewish people
demand of the Paris conference ia 'Wisely
expressed by one of their leaders. Rabbi
Stephen S. Wiae. Ilia point ia that the
League of Nations should only guaran
tee the protection of Jtjyt Jewish national
land. He demands the opportunity of
physical re-establishment in their
ancient land, but the spirittfal recreation
of their noble life and tradition should
be left for the Jewish people to decide.
This is no more than right. The Jews
are entitled to justice Thetv' ancient land
the Romans overran. , but they , did not
kill the Jewish spiritual idea of . re
establishing theli tradition and culture.
They have been praying and preaching
for the laat 2000 years for the oppor
tunity to realize a national Israel.
The Jewish religion is nothing to fear.
They don't wish to ..spend millions of
dollars in spreading their religious doc-
(Yes or No.'
(Sign your nam here)
Address
COMMENT AND
SMALL CHANGE
' Gosh all hemlock., look at that sun
shine.. ' .
On and after March 15 the rain will
fall on the bust and the unbust.
Casually spealcing.the casuals were
almost right royally welcomed.
r Now, if you have received your In
come tax blank, do you know what to
do with it?
The estimable deadline writer now haa
them down to "Sparta." , Which serves
them right. r7':
- Sad to aay, you can't Toe sure the Huns
are telling the truth even when they are
starving if they really are starving. -s
? "Justice Whlte'is 'deeply interested in
Miv Teal's remarks." is the substance of
a Washington dispatch that shows that
Justice White is all right, ao far.
: Yesterday we wrote about double our
usual quota of small change, expecting
half of it to be held over for today, but
the make-up man used them all in one
gob,, so what's thejiseg anyway?
Senator Reed's prophecy that fwlthln
90 days this country will be ablaze with
opposition to the league," will serve the
Useful, purpose of showing just how bum
a bum prophet c&n be.
f ... tn other words, the shipping board
emulates the owlet ao graphically de
scribed by Coleridge, which, "sailing on
obscure wings athwart the noon, hoots
at the glorious sun in heaven and cries,
'Where is it?' '
If it were permissible to say a good
word for a scoundrel so colossal and
brutal as Hindenburg one might point
out that in his blundering way he seems
to be trying to hold his country together.
His fellow- - beanspiller, Ludendorf f, ia
still busy hiding out. , -
JOURNAL MAN AT HOME
By Fred Lockleyv .--'-: .
j (From a consideration of Private Banks twice
lost little firmer, Mr. Lockley today proceeds to
scenes of battle, murder anoV sadden death, recit
ing tha expknts of a noted British burglar-patriot
in Mesopotamia. Us closes with a surrey of a
moat extraordinary cemetery near the t'icardy
front, in France. 1 t
Not many men lose the same finger
twice. Private Banks did. On October
12 at Argonne Forest the little fthger
of his right hand was shot off. The
regimental surgeon happened to be
standing near him when it happened.
He picked it up and within a few min
utes he tied the little finger, sewed on.
in splints and properly bandaged. Just
about then word came back that the
gun to which Banks waa attached was
out of action because its crew had been
"outed" by a well placed German shell.
One of the chaps who had gone west
was Banks' 'buddy," so Private Banks
&nd his sewed-on little finger hurried
fecward. He stayed with his gun in
continuous action for the next 10 lays.
His wounded finger became infected,
and gangrene set in. A British surgeon
cut off the .damaged finger close to the
hand. Private f Banks started back to
the front, but the British surgeon took
away all his clothes to prevent his es
cape and sent him to a hospital, from
which he was evacuated to U. S. base
hospital 37, when the war quit on him
before they would turn him loose ao he
could return to the front. Now Private
Banks is wondering if he can wear two
wound tripe8 for losing the same finger
twice.
There waa a time when we thought
all the good spies were "made in Ger
many." During the past four or five
years we have revised our opinion. We
used to think that a man with the
prison taint on him waa done for. We
know differently now. Walter Green
way no, that isn't his real name, but
it is the name under which you will find
lm listed on the rolls ot, the British
secret service proved that love of coun
try waa stronger than love of freedom
or even love of life. He was one bf the
black sheep whose stains were washed
away by his love of his fellow man. The
New York fcrld tells of his fall from
grace and of bis painful struggle up
ward. . 0 - '
"Walter Greenway." so goes the story,
"waa afflicted with the bad habit of
climbing Into the second stories of Eng
JiBh houses. In four years he piled up
a record of 10 arrests. At last he was
shipped to Ceylon, where most of the
houses are all on one-floor, and where
the art of 'second-story work' might be
expected to languish for want of prac
tice. But Greenway did not stay in Cey
lon. Ho escaped and fled to Mesopota
mia, where he .turned native,' and mar
ried a local dusky beauty. For" years
thereafter nothing waa heard of him.
Then the present war began. And Eng
land sent armies to the near East. '
"At about this time a deaf and dumb
Bedouin appeared among "England's
Turkish foes. He had no trouble at all
in picking up all sorts of useful military
knowledge. This knowledge he prompt
ly sent to General Townahend. the local
British commander. The Bedouin deaf,
n.ute waa Walter Greenway. At news
of his country's peril he forgot his old
grudge against the land that so often
had Imprisoned him. Disguised, he set
fcrth to help England as a spy For a
time everything went smoothly. Green
way was able to find out -countless se
crets of the Turks and to transmit those
secrets to the British. But-finally the
supposed deaf-mute waa suspected, s It
Is said that a camp follower had seen
him enter the British lines. S6 the
Turks decided " to find out If he were
really deaf and dumb. They fired rifles
close behind him. :- Greenway made no
sign of hearing the - noise. Next they
WOULD-BE EMIGRANTS DISAPPOINTED
By Bassett Digby -
Special Cotreapondeac to Tha Journal and th
Chicaco Daily-News.
Stockholm If immigration in America
is tag to be stopped for four years
there - will be great disappointment In
coannavis. From what I can learn
there have never been anywhere ,jtear
so .many prospective emigrants m w
.tKm..m mrner of Europe at any
UVI Va.a wwwe - -
previous time during the past five or
six decades. ; Not only Is there the
stemmed flood of normal emigration for
a' Vaut vMrl riant, but the combined ef
fect of dissatisfaction with the fantas
tically high cost or Jiving at noma ana
- .w.vna vimtaJizntian of America aa
the land of unlimited food and enhanced
world prestige, haa produced additional
legions of would-be emigrants, f
; Thaw have never forced other
people to believe their religion. They
are peace-roving peupie avuu
given their rights In the name of Jus
tice and humanity. --
MARK JuDli l. f
' Alienists and Lunatics
Wsahnuesl. Wash.. Msirch 3. To the
Editor of Tha Journal If "maniacs may
govern the world"i and aane peopls oc
cupy the lunatic asylums some time in
h future, how does th noted alienist
who makes tbi assertion reconcil s it
with "Darwin's doctrtna of tho survival
.v.. ! rv not wice and disease
carry with them the elements of their
own destruction T wnai oeearae wk
Indians? Have not the laws oi nature
acting on them eliminated them almost
to extermination? Are white . people,
under the same conditions, better fitted
. . than Ih. TrxliainB? One fa
rather afraid. If it were left to so-called
alienists, to decide, au our ruture auis
of Tarsus. Swedenborgs. Joan of Arcs,
tc, would spend their days la the pre
cincts of lunatic asylums. I once heard
NEWS IN BRIEF
OREGON SIDELIGHTS
Teachers salariea at The Dalles have
been raised 15 per cent by recent order
of the school board. At that, the mini
mum la $85 a month. t, ;;
The Baker Herald's Unity correspond
ent writes that hydrophobia haa reap
peared in that section. Two rabid
coyotes were killed recently. Livestock
losses are also being reported.
Comparing the town with a winter
wheat crop, the Herald says: "Klamath
Falls has now passed through its win
ter of getting ready. Now watch for
the.growth. It is going to be a bumper.
A. : E. Yoder, who has been principal
of the schools at Adama for two yeara,
haa accepted a position aa teacher in
the Philippine islands for next year.
With his , family he will eail about
June 1. . . -w; . 'm V.-.V.'-
Our friend Strain reafly deserved
an automobile, and just look what Pen
dleton went and handed him !" exclaims
Colonel Clark Wood of the Weston
Leader. What they, '"handed" -waa a
Ford, the Leader , states in its news
columns., v.'.".:.- .vv;.
Everything is now set for Enterprise
to do a lot of improvement work this
spring, the Reporter says, since already
the many families that went to Port
land to work during the war "want to
get back, and are coming just as fast
as they can."
Of the employment situation In Uma
tilla county the Pendleton East Orego
nlan of last Tuesday says: 'The de
mand for men is increasing.. Work on
the Furnish ditch in the west end ia
taking quite a number. Twelve men
were sent there from the office yester
day. Inquiry for men for farm work
ia also increasing."
backed him UP. to a big gun and fired
it. The concussion sent the blood oo
ing from Greenway"s ears and nostrils,
But he did not turn around nor start.
Next the Turks tested his - powers of
speech by means of hot irons and by
tearing ' out his finger-nails. Not one
word could the, torturers wring from
him. "- : '
"Within a week Greenway made his
way again to the British camp and told
the positions and numbers of the Turk
ish guns at the forts where he 6ad been
tortured and the exact nature of their
various defenses. .In a letter to friends
in England he explained thus his rea
sons tdr turning spy: ,'1 knew no army
drill. Besides, I feared they might look
up my record if I tried to enlist. It
(.truck me I might work off my deaf
and dumb trick" on the Turks and per
ha pa bring In a little "Information if I
came across any German officers.'
"Again suspicion fell upon the spy.
This time the Turks razed his house to
the ground. He fell ill from privations
and from his tortures. But he waa able
to blow up a Turkish arsenal near Bag
dad before he succumbed to his illness.
Then hia faithful native wife carried the
dying spy to a mission hospital, where
tn early September of 1916 he died,
Just before his death Greenway wrote
to his English friends: 'Well, I have
nothing to grumble at. I have had my
innings. I have not been what I might.
Also, I have been misunderstood, some
what' "
C. W. Hallock tells how It seems to
be home again after a year In France:
Seems sort o dull hare, an dreary
After the uproar o war;
Funny- I aever sot weary .
Pilotin' moldboards before I
Quirt an' peace kind o queocbea
All o' the pep in a man
After a spell in the trenches , .
After he's seen No Man's Ian'I 4
Back to tha plow an' tha prairie
ties, but it's tfuiet an' queer!
Comin' from Chateau Thierry, v-
Heems sort o' nice to be here!
After that ruinous ruction
Var fsom'tha panic an din----
Hell-fir an'' heat an'' destruction ..
'.Makes ma feel human ai'inl -
a a -
There are some Incidents of my year"
over there that are aa.vlvid as the day
they occurred. I remember, on a sum
mer day late In July, going with Bill
Knott with a- truckload of supplies to a
little village near the Ficardy front We
atopped'to watch where a German shell
hit the hillside and sent up Its shower
of. earth and its cloud of yellow-brown
smoke. Not far from where the' shell
struck I saw a row of polished brown
crosses. 1 asked Bill to stop for
moment. We got out to examine them.
Tie crosses were airplane propellers
and on each propeller was a nam with
a brief inscription : "Killed in action." The
oldest . one of the group , asleep' on that
hillside in France was SI. Most of them
were lada In their early twenties. t We
stopped to pick some clover blooms and
wild flowers to put on the graves. There
were four new graves ready dug in case
of need. Forty additional graves were
staked out ready for use. .When I see
once again in memory those polished
brown crosses on that hillside In France
X think of Minna Irving' tribute to vhe
gallant lads who gave their lives to
make the world a better place to live In
When spring retnrns to France again '
To weava a coverlet
Of flowers above tha gallant dead
We never shall forget,
O'er heroes of the trench and field
A blanket aha will spread
Of silken poppies full of sleep, ... V
And petaied richly red.
But where beside their broken plane
The aviators lie, -.
Ho mora like eagles to explore
The apace of tha sky, .
Remembering how wall they loved
' '.' i Th asnr where jthejr flew,
'She will embroider ever them
Tha corn lower's deepest blue.
When first news of America's proposed
bill to suspend immigration came over
last month, the steamship agencies gave
out statements expressing the view that
any limitation would affect the south
and southeastern races, not the Scandi
navians. They do not appear to l.v
had any grounds for -such views.
: Consul Hopper tells me that neither he
nor our consuls in South Sweden have
noticed any" recent increase in Inquiries
from - prospective , emigrants, thought a
tendency o: this kind was noticeable at
about the time of the armistice last fall.
But there '' have been numerous - and
searching inquiries from shipping people,
who, of course,' are greatly affected.- -CCopyrisat.
-1919, by the Chicago Daily Kewa
vompeny.j . ....
s professor of psychology, who is now
president of a large university, say all
people are a. little insane, and one 'now
and then seea'artlcles discussing wheth
er great geniuses are not always In
sane, more or lees. , Tha ; only person
who seems to have had real insight on
this subject was 8wedenborg. and doubt
less many so-called scientists would look
on him as insane. . -; V. V. MOSS.
Olden Orej?on
Packers to California Found Gold
in Oregon In 1851 -
In 1851 James Clutygage and James H.
Poole, who were conducting a 'pack
train 'of supplies from Oregon to Call
fcmla, camped on the present site of
Jacksonville. -yhile searching " for wai
ter they accidentally found placer -gold.
Prospecting Jackson creek, they found
gold everywhere, Realising they had
made an - important discovery ' they lo
cated the town of Jacksonville. News
of the discovery spread rapidly and
miners came In from all directions. -.-
Ragtag and Bobtail
Stories From Everywhere.
Why He Wean a Xew Suit
A .TOPEKAN named Bumham Is a
great trial to his wife, says
Capper's Weekly, because he will wear
nothing but Bhabby old clothes. Tho t'
other day a : tramp appeared at the
kitchen door of the Burnhams and asked
for something! to eat. Mrs. Bumham '
aald she waa sorry she had no handout
for him.: in these high cost of living
dra. and the tramp started on his way.!
Just aa he reached the corner of the
house he bumped Into Bumham coming
home. The tramp stopped, looked Burn-r
ham over, and aaid: :
"Nothing doing here, pard. Phe just
turned me down cold. Let's double team
on the next house."
It was then Bumham decided' it was
time to get a new suit.
Synthetic Poem On Spring
; Can yno hear tha skylark j
Tbrouh a. telaphona, f j
Or catch tha whiapar of tha pines ' !
In a dlctosraph t j
Can yon keep your heart rotttiC " "
In a row of pigeonholes'
Will you forego the surf of ocean rollers
To ba serf to a xolltop desk
-Philadelphia Ledf-or.
Uncle Jeff Snow Hays:
President Wilson's lucky day and
number is 13. accordln to history and
the newspapers, and I'll bet a pint of
Ma's old-time buttermilk to a glass of
Sunday school loganberry juice that
when he wants 'em Woodrow'll pull over
about 13 of them trust politicians In the
II. ft senate that now b'lone to he
League of Squareheads buckin' tha
League of Nations. T; -
The News in Paragraphs
World ilappenlnga Briefed for Benefit
of Journal Readers
GENERAL . j
. The general strike in Havana has,
broken up and ihe men are returning to
work.,.,
A credit of $ 5,000.000 In favor of Rou4
mania was announced Thursday by the
treasury department.
Governor Clemen; of Vermont has
vetoed the bill allowing women to vote '
at presidential elections.
President Wilson haa asked for the .
resignation of Hermon W. Craven and
Charles M. Galloway, two members of
the civil service commission.
Henry B." Spencer, vice president of
the Southern railway, has been ap
pointed director of the railroad admin- :
istratlon's department of Justice.
A statement of the Mexican treasury
receipts for 1918 shows the total Income
to be fl49.141.S78.75. an Increase over the
previous high record of 144,000,000.
The Injunction asked against the mov
Ing picture depleting Countess von Bern- ("
storff in a murder plot has been de
nied by the New York supreme court, j
Theodore Roosevelt's birthplace In 1
New York has been purchased by a me
morial committee who will restore it te
the condition, that existed during the ex
president's boyhood. -
NORTHWEST NOTES
The strike of painters and decorators
at Spokane has been called off. , '
A modern newsstand Is being erected
at the O-W. R. & N. depot at Pendleton.
There -have been 20 continuous days
of enow at Meacham. The depth la now
five feet.
F. 8. Bramwell has been elected presl- '
dent of th Grants Pass chamber of ,
commerce. . -
Statements of the two national banks
of Vancouver. Wash., show resources of .
13,055.451.11.
The government wants a janitor for ,
the federal build mg at Vancouver. The '
pay'ls 50 a month.
Jackson Lemon, for 47. years a resi
dent of Paciflo county, is dead at Aber
deen, aged 76 years. . l
Simon A. Slmonson," reported to have
lost his life In France last fall, has re
turned to his home In Bend.
Final details have been consummated i
for the erection at Astoria of a 40-room .
apartment house, to cost 885,000.
Tom Gillette a Pendleton man who -was
severely gassed on a French battle
field, baa returned to his home.
Lieutenant Fred Stelwer, on the west
ern front battle line for 70 days, lias
resumed his law practice In Pendleton.
A mass meeting at Heppner Wednes
day night voted unanimously In favor of
bonding the county for 8290,000 for good .
roads. ..-T-.v : .-:
Rev, E. J. Corner, a native Indian, haa
been elected minister for the Presby
terian church at Tutullla In Umatilla
county. . , .
) Farmers In Washington county are op
timistic over .the excellent prospects of
an immense - wheat crop th coming
season. . -
Julius Hendrlcksen, a Beaverton farm
er, suffered a broken leg Wednesday
when he was thrown out of a wagon In
a runaway. i ,
y Word - has been received by his wife
at Adams of tho death of Clark Maxey .
In France from wounds received Sep
tember 29 last
The- state encampment of 'the Grand
Army of th Republic and the Woman's
Relief Corps will be held at The Dalles
June 17. 18 and 19.
Mr. " and Mrs. M. F. Baker -of Pilot"
Rock have received word that their son,
Thomas,' was alive in France. He had
previously been reported killed. ;
Jack Bell, who enlisted at the age
of 15 and was probably the youngest
soldier In the army during the war, has
returned to Seattle from overseas.
Residents of Deschutes county have
taken action in favor of bonding .the
county for 8125,000 to aid In the con
struction of the proposed Dalles-California
highway.
At the Acme planing mill at Btndon
Tuesday. O. O. Howtlt lost the four
fingers of one-hand and William Berger
was seriously injured ty Deing struck on
the head with a board. .
gun Mine oi ttoumama ana ner
daughters have arrived in London.
The former Austrian emperor, Charles.
is again' seriovsly ill from a nervous
breakdown. t
Three German steamers have been In-
terned at Dunkirk for violation ot the -
armistice terms. - ,
Odessa, has been stormed and taken by
Ukralnla soviet-troops. ,
According to reoorts from Copen
hagen, strike outbreaks In Berlin have ,'
been due to lack of food, and not to
communistic or Bolshevik propaganda.
.There's Millions in Junk
Salvaged by U. S.
i - (Stnrie f aehtervement In th aeramnle
tlon f War Savinge Stampa. sent - to The
Journal and aeeepted for publication, wiii
ba awarded a Thrift hump.) .
: - 1 1 V 1 1
- Before America's fight for human
ity laid its heavy financial burden
upon our country, our annual govern
ment expenditures amounted to sub
stantially 81.000,000,000. - At the time
the armistice was signed our. Junk
salvage, under the direct supervision
of the government, waa at the rate of
81,500,000,000 a year; and it waa esti
mated in "Washington that this
amount soon would be increased by
8300,000.000 a year,
3 'This waa but one of the manifold
results of th theory and practice of
thrift taught and undertaken by
Uncle Bkm aa a war measure, and In
connection with bis War Savings
, Stamp campaign.
'-.- - aaaaaaaaaiaaa
Thrift Stamps and 1919 War Sav
lng Stamps tjow on sale at usual
agencies,