The Oregon daily journal. (Portland, Or.) 1902-1972, March 09, 1919, Page 48, Image 48

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    10
THE OREGON SUNDAY JOURNAL,, PORTLAND, SUNDAY -'MORNING, MARCH 9,
1919.
CcmeontlatWiiat'llYouIave?
Well, Make it Lil 'Yeirbe Mate'
l)ASHINGTON, March 8. (I. N. S It is hard to hzve to do this, but It
V might Just as well be done frankly there is no balm for the hard
dinkr in "Yerbe Mate," the Paraguayan tea. Recently;at s dinner in New
York! it was announced that this beverage ' would come within the strictest
specifications of the prohibition law. but that, while it had no alcohol,-a
."kick" reposed within a brew from its
It's all wrong, according to Wash-
Ingten's scientists, who have , been
called upon to answer, all aorta of quesr
tions about drinks since the eighteenth
amendment u ratified. They have
W a n aab a.A .. 'It a Ua. tsof nAP-
jnlts ,the manufacture of 2 - per cent
beer. Which la a persistent rumor, but
which' legislative and revenue experts,
rather than scientists, do not take seri
ously. . '. ' - ' ' " : ' .
Tio Kick In It
. But as for "Yerbe Mate," as has been
- said of its cousin Oolong, lt cheers but
' does not Inebriate." ; Now, if : It does
not inebriate It is quite certain there
tan be no "kick In It. Ask : any
drinker.' .-
' I'Terbe Mate' 'Is a popular drjhk In
South America, where John Barleycorn
never, bad such Influence as in this
country. It Is sipped.' just like oriental
tea. and la declared to be even more
palatable and soothing. If you have a
. craving for exhilaration or stimulation
without Intoxication, and without l.n-
. Jurlous- effects attendant upon the use
f the more powerful drinks and drugs,
i, o icrirMtiul thit "YorhA Mate" will
fill the bill. - Of course, this is what
the chemists say who have tested it.
a mil who also add that its stimulating
Ingredients will drive away the blues.
- DlscuHsion of '"Yerbe Mate" led to
'many i interesting features of man's
"search for something to cheer him up.
This particular study of man shows'
that noi matter where he lives, -whether
6ni the banks of the Euphrates or in
the crowded capitals of Europe and the
Americas, or In the wilds of Africa, or
In' tVia hoar, nf India, man will have a
stimulant. It may not always be In
the, form of a liquid, for sometimes it
s smoked, as. is the opium of the Chi
IV' THE
HEREWITH we offer, as it comes to
us. the reoiae for the "cocktail a la
mode." which! so we are told, may prove
a delightfully exhilarating draught on
the great American Sahara after July
J. - .Let's- go :
J One cocktail glass.
' One swig or unrermentea grape juice.
" A dash of yeast.
? Place the grape tjuice In the glass and
jfhe yeast In the grape juice. Bend the
. elbow, and repeat every 20 minutes untU
the desired effect has been obtained.
HAVK youi seen he latest In ship
worker!' ; "service caps," patterned
after the welt known overseas variety.
Worn with such pride by the returned
dooghboys? Oh, yes, the ship service
cais are here. The boys had service
flags displayed' for them while the war
warn oa. Why not . a distinguishing
badge of service now that it is over?
Fair enough; isn't it? So some of the
fellows have ripped the rims from their
Old feltThats. creased the crown in the
center, bound around it a bit of cord,
and there you are.
itt 6"SERS' weepers, "finders keepers"
was the old slogan of our boyhood
days, but it seems now that the gentle
art of losing things has developed into
such proportlonsas to develop a lucra
tive business for professional "finders."
From Information at hand it may be
assumed that all professional "finders"
v are honest persons, honest at least so
long as their findings are of no great
intrinsic value. When their ' pick-ups
are more valuable It may be that the
old "finders keepers" rule holds good
again.
Among the professional "finders." one
James Poughty, known among his co-
wrwkers as "King of the Kirtaers," wnose
address' Is wherever he happens to be.
, is considered the most prosperous of his
clalta Sometimes his earnings reach as
high ai S500 a dayand he calls it a
i'hard luck week" when he hasn't earned
al KML uw.- c . . .(,vui .7 -
J 10- to $30 a day. -
' "Slow- do I do it?" asked Doughty,
who 1 Just under middle age and fairly
well dressed. "Well.' I've go a pair of
sharp -eyes. I hang around in crowds
In the theatres and other public places
and I just find things.
After: that I carefully read the lost
column 'ads In the papers a ad collect
wiiai rewara 19 utiereu. it mere ja no
reward I pawn the stuff."
.- Doughty says there are quite a num
ber of women "finders" who are quite
successful. .
can't," hj explained, "and because of
this recover many pieces of Jewelry
; which other women lose. Women, I've
. found, lose things more often than men.
; They are more careless.' Our greatest
Itched and Burned Con
stMlly.Cuticura Heals.
j v" Eczema broke out on my face
which was covered with dry blisters.
They itched and burned constantly,
and then my face would become
swollen and inflamed, - At times I
could not sleep for the burning and
itching. - "
1 .."For four years , I was troubled
mostly in the summer. At last a
friend told me about Ccticura which
I bought. After I had used two cakes
of Soap and one box of Ointment I
was healed." (Signed) Miss Delilah
R. Bullock, S. Bellingham, Wash,
r Cuticura Soap to cleanse and pur
ify, Cuticura Ointment to soothe and
heal and Cuticura Talcum to powder
and perfume ate ideal for daily toilet
fau poses.
Cmcmrm. D it. m. - - - SaU
sssrs ft s(r"
; V '' '' -
' fort !CIP Si. , f
lh; ve . i 1 CV,
ECZEHFACE
K
leaves.
nese, or that most cnensnea . 01 au
weeds, tobacco : and again It may be
eaten, as Is that sweetened' preparation
of hemp leaves known as bhang In its
Turkish form, called hasheesh.
: Effects Much the Same
Whatever the name or form or method
devised for taking it into the human
system, the effect produced are more
or less: alike : and the worst feature of
all these intoxicating Inventions of map
is that they are habit-forming: in their
effects and Invariably lead to intem
perance 'In. their use. f ...
, Fortunately, however, there are a few
products of nature; that, when properly
prepared, will largely satisfy this craving-
for that after-effect produced by
alcoholic liquor. It. is in this connection
chemists of South America have urged
that "Yerbe Mate" be adopted.
You prepare it just as you would the
oriental tea. In South America they
generally prepare it by heating- the
water in a teapot to the boiling point.
Then add a quantity of the 'Mate"
proportioned to suit the; taste and
strength desired allow it 'to boil for
a few minutes and then pour In suffi
cient cold water to stop the boiling and
to settle the fine particles, much as
coffee grounds are settled in boiling
coffee, and the tea is then ready to be
served in cups. One may add little
sugar, a small quantity of milk ; or a
little lemon juice, but the inveterate
"Mate" drinker takes his straight.
Over 50,000 tons of the product were
exported from South America last year.
In view of the fact that America will
soon be without its principal stimulant,
it may be expected that "Yerbe Mate"
will take its . place, not as an intoxi
cating stimulant, but as an exhilarating
concoction.
pickings come- at night, when the wo
men attend theatres, and in the morn
ing when most of them do their shop
ping. There's very little lost in the af
ternoon." yilE Central library has recently
added to its collection a copy of
"The History of -American Journalism."
by James Melvln Lee. Many interest
ing facts are given regarding the colo
nial newspapers. Among them he speaks
of the advertisement printed In thePhil
adelphia Gasette 1n 1752, which listed
various items "to be sold cheap." which
would sound Mice Greek to the modern
"bargain hunter," although probably
these were: .articles then in daily use.
The list includes; "Boiled and common
camblets, single and double alopeens,
broad and narrow shaloons, tammies,
durants. plain and corded poplins, du
roys, calimancoes, common and silk
sagathies, florettas, bearskins, common
and hair grazets. tabbies, ducapes, stay
galloon and twist, ; men's and women's
thread, dowlas, osenbrlgs, etc." . .
The introduction of the first cartoon
is awrlbed to the progressive Benjamin
Franklin, who first printed it in his
Pennsylvania Gazette, and was widely
copied both in the Idea and form of
the cartoon. The occasion was a call
for ameeting in Albany of the British
colonies in America, Issued by the gov
ernment of the New York colony, owing
to rumors of a possible war with the
French. Franklin, as one of the three
commissioners from Pennsylvania to the
Albany conference, published in his
Pennsylvania Gazette an "advice" fot
Major Washington that the fort in the
forks of the Monongahela had been sur-.
rendered to the French. To increase the
force of his appeal, the cartoon was
inserted representing the English col
onies -in the form of a shake cut into
eight parts. The head represented New
England and the seven other parts stood
for New York, New Jersey, Pennsyl
vania, Maryland, Virginia, North Caro
lina and South Carolina, witlv the line
"Join or Die" beneath the cartoon.
"HACKED under the 'slipboard in the
composing room upstairs we found
a "Prayer for the Printer." by Sherley
Hunter. Though we don't happen to
know who Sherley Hunter may be, he
evidently knew something about print
ers and printing, and having vast re
spect ourselves for the "art preservative
of all the arts." and its craftsmen, we
feel that the prayer, as follows, is wor
thy of reproduction :
I'm the guy what's often forgotten,
Lord, when the Job's all done, so if
I spill a form all over the shop
once in A while, kinda make allow
ances. Give me the patience and
courage to remember that if the
printer hadn't done his ."bit" .down
through' the ages the printing press .
wouldn't never have given this old,
- glad world Bibles or house organs.
Teach me to "get" your copy bet
ter and set whatever take you hand
me every day. And when the gal
ley's full, and you pull a'proof.'may
my life's stuff be simple and grace
ful and legible.' : Show me the dif
ference ' between things that are
only pretty and those that are
beautiful and useful. Once in - a
while make me remember that some
guys wot are tryin' ain't as wise or
experienced as I and so nudge me
to give 'em a hand, for I got my
start as, a devil. .
And when I' have my day off take
me out in the sunshine with the
wife and kids, yank me away from
thoughts about the shop and kinder
ponder over what it's all about.
y.l, f.
A NEW thing in weather a forecast for
aviators is being printed daily by
the London Times. Under a standing
head. "Flying Prospects Today," a score
of lines tell of wind direction, velocity
at various areas, and conditions to be
expected as regards storms, etc., for
1H
v
-
f T4ff Toto Me I , s .
2 hours.,: In an accompanying table,
occupying five Inches of Bpace. la shown
the wind direction and velocity at ZO0O
5000, 10.000 and 15,000 feet in the areas
of Scotland, : -Ireland. England and
Wales, and what it will be during the
morning, at noon and In. the evening.
11 - V -
ON the highways and byways in' and about Portland ; are numerous - things !,and, places of.
more or less interest, and about which .th ere is more or less lack of knowledge T and Jniorr
, mation, one of which is reproduced herewith. It is a buildingvthat in-its day .wasone of
Portland's quite .imposing structures. - j ' . .
ft v ff I
rb -L
Is?-' -'' i
i. .
r"
If &lS
Names of Pioneers prominent in
Their Day, Who Are Connected
With Its Interesting History.
Can you ".place the " old-faahioned
"school." with the quaint lantern, pic
tured above, in your memories or your
knowledge of Portland? .
Do you remember where It tStood in the
olden days, you pioneers?
Do" you. of the' younger generation
know where it stands now?
In . almost the business heart of the city
the old 'school." located at 166
Eleventh street; between Morrison and
Yamhill, is passed and repassed by thou
sands, probably, during the course of 'a
week, and probably but a few of those
who pass ever- see it, but those who do,
and who are not acquainted with its his
tory, will be pardoned if they wonder
what the old building is and has been.
Was Pioaeer School
. rortlanders of bygone years, if their
memories are freshened a bit, may re
call that the "school" for many years,
dating back as early as 1838, stood on
First street, between Pine and Oak.
where it was built as the home of the
first Turn Verein organized in Port
land. Later, the building having, been
taken over by the General German Aid
society, it became a German school, so
that many men And women who in later
years became well known in business,
professional and social life in Portland,
started their schooling In the old build
ing. . :
In the park- 70s tha atniKtnra vn.
moved from the First street site to Mor
rison at Eleventh, and placed on prop
erty owned bv the Aid uvietv nut thar.
Jt still stands and is still used as head
quarters lor .that society's activities.
When first moved, however, the building
faced north m MnrrtAn at.AA Tv.
it was desired to put up a modern build
ing mere, ana the old school was placed
further back in the lot, and faced west,
as it now stands net harlr tmm tfc
street somewhat and In a block so built
up tnat it is almost obscured.
The Oprm a n Alt uiriafv nrorc
January 3, 187L conducts a general relief
worn ior tne neeay. ana also maintains
and operates the-Old People's Home at
eveniy-eigntn ana Division streets. The
George HImes. cuirator and assistant
librarian, Oregon Historical society
"Sue I remember you.' I never forget
a person after I have seen him twice."
.
W. . H. Shaw, secretary Metal Trades
council "I'm going to have an order
placed for my tombstone If I'm chasdi
by you reporters much longer, ajid Jl'm
going to have it ' inscribed with an epi
taph to the effectithat I was run to
death by news hounds."
Dr, L. O. MarshalL director Emer
gency Fleet corporation "Couldn't you
leave that unsaid? The public is so
critical these days, I might be misun
derstood." Manager Clark of Merchants' Ex
change "Have you noticed that every
French steamer leaving North Pacific
ports has developed engine trouble off
the coast of California. French engines
need a particular kind of oil called wine
so that the crew will run smoothly. If
the engines refuse to develop trouble
they simply throw a wrench In the ma
chinery." Denny Lane, proprietor of the Wild
Irish Rose grocery on Williams avenue
"Sure, Ireland, : dropped down from
heav'rt into the Irish sea. has to agi
tate and a-gitate.for a seat at the pace
conference. Tls a shame."
: -
C M. Allen, telepnone engineer for the
forest service "It won't' be long, before
we'll have vest pocket telephones. Then
while we. are -- walking down the street
we'll hear a clicking,' pull out our tele
phones and hear the voice" of our wives
telling us to bring home a loaf of bread
for dinner." ' : '
E. N. Kavanagn, grazing examiner of J
me v ioresi service n taxes two or
three years to get things 'started along
the line or grazing improvements. Stock
men made an awful fuss at the sugges
tion of paying 10 or 'IS cents a head for
salting a few years ago.' - Now they find
it makes for- better:' stock with : less
trampling of the ranges, and some or
ganizations are taxing themselves a
dollar or nfore a head for salt." -
Roscoe Howard oi Deschutes. who
commanded a flotilla of sub-chasers dur
ing the war "A My on my eye was the
only wound I received during the war."
A- N. Pierce, assistant manager of the
Sewarjl hotel "I think ; there Is going
to be a .terribly, big loss ; to this world
whenwe drop out. I :
Fred 3A Holmes, federal fuel adminis
trator for Oregon," speaking of his offi
cial trip to Washington last fall, show
lng3iow .dollar-a-year men ' don't . evlen
geti that imocli'ThVKoVernment 'al
lowed me 14 Der'diem outside' actual
transportation, while the cheapest room
I could get in Washington was J) a
day, . and potatoes were 20 cents each,
with other eats to correspond.' f
-
Hugh Crum, truant, off icer "IH have
a story for you If I ever get caught top
with my work." . - -. . : v -
Secretary W. . t. tt.!iodson of Cham
ber ot Commerce-r-"I was at Salem last
Jmir zonule I fT
. :vJI:J- Oj , ,r -
, V U, it- -w
4 ' & , V:'i.l
Y'ffc iV "VMyp;
If J?fft "Vi. iy- mm i JJLH.IM in' w 1 :
ft itii i' ' " 1 ' ' ' m r"":'fl a 1
iL. r7;? .jr$i I
CT5!SS-- . - "5- 111
original puriose of the organisation was
the establishment of a general hospital.
At. the first, meeting in J71. C H.
Meussdoffer presided, and. Frank .De
kum, Henry Ever dine. C A Landen-,
berger, Henry-Saxer and Charles Wie
gantl were appointed a. committee to
draft constitution and bylaws. February
7 the , committee reported,, and - the. so
ciety was, permanently .'organized with
the following charter members : F. X.
Auer, F. Dekum. F. E. Eberhardt. G.' H.
Henry, F.' A., Hoffman. C. ''.At Landenr
berger, C II. Meussdorffer, D. Saxer,
Dr.-Schwab, A. Trener1, C Wiegand,
Charles A. Birchard. H. W. Dilg. H. Ev
erdlng, L. HerralU L. Kiiehn. F. Menge,
J. L. Riete. Dr. Schumacher, A. Staender,
Henry Weinhard, H. Wilmer. Henry
week ind I have not caught up yet on
what is going" on in the world."
' '.. i - - t '
Superintendent. John . Doyle, jPorti of
Portland commission, at 2:55 o'clock
"Ring .up the commissioners and remind
them that they are to be here -at a ses-'
sion at . 3 o'clock." .
''" ; ;
Frank H. Hilton, chairman ot soldier
entertainment committee, addressing
members of 69th artillery Ton't forget
that anything in she town today is
yours." ; ' ' ' '
. , e t ,
Chief ; Clerk Frank Randal, Public
Deck commission -"I'm ' proud tov- say
that a newspaper man "has never vio
lated my confidence. They really aren't
such a bad lot." -
....."' ... -
Captain E. W. Spencer, Port of Port
land commission "The charge that the
public dock commission spent J21.500 for
rubber boots to investigate Columbia
slough is a downright lie. and ; if. it
weren't' for the fact that the statement
In Itself was' ridiculous, 1 my - f ightjng
blood would rise at sight of some of our
erstwhile honorable gentlemen at Sa
lem." A. L. Stephens, manager. Pacific Coast
SPRING'S latest millinery creation is the tankette'hat4 The
tankette'is made of brown satin; five yards of ribbon are
used for each "tractor,", and hat pins are used in place of
guns. . - - ..." . ,'. . .'....." . . ,'.;.'.
r lf
Ay
14
M
JT
n"ir
5 xi
Itii
Saxer was elected president; Frank" De
kum; '-vice-president ; Dr.;- Schumacher,
secretary: C : A. . Blrchard,- treasurer;
Henry Everding, C. M Meussdorffer and
Charles Wiegand, trustees
The present off icers of ' the society
are; Frederick' Eilere, president ;' Charles
J.; Schnabel, vice-president ; M, Fleisch-
bauer, secretary, and Peter Wagner,
treasurer.'11 . C ' - , -j '
Regular' meetlhgs of the society are
held in the old building, on the walls of
which still remain the old blackboards,
marked in the early - days with the
"scribblin' " and the "f iggerln' r of the
children of. some of Portland's pioneers.
Next Sunday : ' The first" frame house
in Portland , ..
f Coal 'oiripanyv' who Is "somewhat ' of a
philosopher "People's 'faces are reflec
tions t of, their i thoughts. If. their
thoughts are good and clean their .faces
show it. but if their thoughts are evil
their, faces register the same;" "
'' . --.
.Mrs. O.N. Denny, Oregon pioneer and
widow of the Chinese pheasant .Importer
"Oregon; is notable for the splendid
type of people wbb settled it, a-type-that
IS different ' from that' of any other
state."
George II. : Kelly, returned member to
Port - of 'Portland 'commission "I Tsure
am glad to be back" among you "gentlemen."-
- -. r i ' . '
... .
- George Miller, membership' secretary
Chamber of Commerce -"Yes, I'm from
Pennsylvania, too. .Shake,' old man."
Otto Metschan of tlie Imperial'My
brother Phil gets too, much publicity."
Miss Eva Brandberg, chief clerk of the
school administration offices, giving us
a news Item "Today Is pay day 'for us
employes." . . . -
Dr. Guy Mount of Oregon City "It's
better to have that taken ftut before it
gets any 'bigger, and more serious,": ,
I i 1
111
1 UU l f
ggSSSESES&M
-. A ' . 1
-
(Tha eolumut todajr takes tk reader into
tlw rahns vi coemtte. ' V e tcl wita liira tli
arga of tin intinite. Is U pcslng lUciu o!
Ua eotyuia we are siveu a fecywiie slimiiae into
Uh atoteruom of nature more sublla biMiins
pntciucta'opeiwd fu Um Ittymva euiy ttaruusli iucm
rare ouUurta of nupinuun. 'Jr'rum tlw aubliaM
w read ua turouga ut tas ndiculuu iroio aoup,
au U iiu(. tw Hcury i'urd, rt al. Ed. j -
To a i'oppy
Bebblsr
Bobblsg 1
Bieukly
Blackly
Keekoaiag '
UsduiatlBg
Umbrellas .
Dripping
. ;. jirearlljr "
Dank
ltropt of
. lieepett
Despair
Nature's
Sector ot the
Uods
Uippllng
viidisg '
Gorgeossly
Glad
Gleamlsgly throsgh
Ulade and
Glea '
Ghost of a
Bar-fly la.
bsmmertlme
HaasUng the
Still of a -
Slooaskiaer
la tb MoBBtaias.
. ' . ". . .... '.. i
Local theatre is advertising "Gloria
Jay. (four years old)". In the olden days
it might have been inferred that Gloria
was a new kind of joy-water.
m m '
A mu named Plpp Is editor of Henry
Ford's weekly newpsper.
Well, what are'yoa going to say aboat
iU
We never cross a bridge until we get
to It, and not then if the draw is open.
Oh Boy
Movie ad: "Tonight. Clara Kimball
Young in 'The House of Glass'."
'We are Indebted. to Christonher Morlev
r tor the following, written
On , the Return of a Book
Lent to a Friend. - "
I GIVE humble and. hearty thanks
for the' safe- return of this - book
which, having endured the perils of
my friend's bookcase and the book
cases of my friend's friends, now
. returns to me in reasonably good
7 condition.
I GIVE humble and hearty thanks
that my friend did not see fit to
give this book to his infant as a
plaything, nor use it as an ash-tray
for his burning cigar, nor as a
teething ring for his mastiff.
WHEN I lent this book I deemed
i,t as lost r I was resigned to the
bitterness of the Jong parting; I
never thought to look upon its pages
again.
BUT now . that my book is come
back to me, I rejoice and am ex
ceeding glad ! Bring hither the
fatted morocco and let us rebind the
volume and set it on the shelf of
honor ; for this day my book was
lent, and Is returned again.
PRESENTLY, therefore, I may re
turn ' some of, the books that I
myself have borrowed. .
"The men are all fn better spirits
and are" drinking irt the Oregon
country with their eyes." wrote the
young reporter aboard the - troop
train. Are we to .believe, then that the
soldier-men have been giving some
one the wink?
"Frank Darbta Te!lHow He Foaght
With Colonel ateAlexaader." Headline.
Why pick oa the eoloBelt
It's easy enoBgh'to be happy
When life flows along like a soar -Bst
the man worth while
Is the mas who eaa anile
When he misses his street ear after a
.block and a half ran for It. .
ir tb Farl nf Derhv becomes the new
British ambassador to the United States,
here's hoping he aoenn'i tais mroaga iu.
I am told by a discharged soldier that
at Camp Lewis right now the call to bat-
u ! "OThnia-nn the war."
And the answering battle-cry from the
overseas men is, The T. M. i. a. ana
the M. P."
, Now. It's up to the reader to deter
mine whether the O.-S. veterans intend
this as an. appreciation or as a roast.
Bo yoa favor a National leagsel
And right hers Is where we blow
ourself. v o";
Generalfs Burial
Plans Are Ignored
Fort Leavenworth Kan. March S. I.
N. S.) Major-General J. Franklin Bell,
late; commander of the department of
the east, who died suddenly last month,
desired to be buried here, according to
Colonel E. B. Fuller, a life-long friend.
When Ger.eral Bell visited Leavenworth
the.-, last time he selected the spot for
his grave. Mrs. Bell asked the war de
partment to bury her husband here, but
they declined and h j was buried in Ar
lington National cemetery, Washington,
I. C. . '
Federal Employes
To Get Salary Eise
Washington, March S. Government
employes throughout the country will
receive a salary . increase of tHO for
the next fiscal year, under section 6 of
the; legislative. ' executive and judicial
appropriation bill which has now passed
the senate. .: As the house passed the
bill some weeks ago, carrying this pro
vision, the $240 increase will not be sub
ject to difference of opinion on the part
of the conferees - and will unquestion
ably become law..'.
Missouri Justice
Champion "Marrier"
Xg:.f;.Kv v'1.' - .'. -v ' .'
4 Webb CUty.1 Mo.. March 8 Justice of
the Peace W. M. 4 Wright claims the
state : and middle-west championship
as the "marrying Justice," having re
cently performed"1 his . four hundredth
marriage ceremony. 'He has - been in
of ftee - less - than "four-f yeass-'ft-i Justice
Wright has presented ; each hundredth
couple with a substantial' present, and
hopes to reach his five hundredth cou
ple in less than a year- ?
59rt" -
Or-Do the Apes 'Ape Yoia?
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By Bassett Digby
CTOCKHOLM, Sweden, March 8. Interesting experiments to test the Jntel
V licence of ipes were made recently by a scientist named Kohler at the
anthropoid observation station in Teneriffe. Some of them are described
by Dr. G. Backman in the magazine Psyke.
Nine chimpanzees were examined and
It was discovered that they had degrees
of capability " and temperament- almost
as varying as would nine men selected
at random. . . i .. , .
" The chief tests consisted of ; offering
the spes a tempting meal of fruit, so
placed that various obstacles had to be
overcome before the fruit could be ob
tained. - : "-
The apes readily learned how to'use
sticks. If one .placed, foo4 outside the
care and beyond arm's reach the ape
nevertheless spent half an hour trying
to stretch far enough with his arm to
grab it. Then he . got tired and lay
down "without bothering to use a couple
of sticks by his side. But the addi
tional stimulus of noticing that some
young, apes outside the cage bad seen
the fruit,- and were making a bee line
for It caused the ape inoide "to put In
some quick thinking., with the result
that he picked up a stick, thrust it
through the bars and hooked in the
appetizing meal.
SIoskeylBff With Eleetrleity
One day Kohler Introduced the spes
to electricity. A steel wire basket con
taining fruit was hung trom the roof.
Under the basket., on the ground, was a
metal plate. Plate and basket were
electrified. The basket -was so low that
an ape could reach it from the ground.
The .unfortunate apes reacted to . the
test much as a . human being would.
When an ape felt the current it let out
a 'yelp. Subsequently- it became wary."
It stretched out its hand until it nearly
had the fruit. ; then thought better of
it and snatched Its hand back. After a
strong shock it shook Its hand energet
ically In . the air. Finally the apes
picked up sticks and scraped out the
fruit, but hot. altogether without mis
hap. For after a few more accidents
entailing shocks the apes became, angry
and slammed Into the treacherous bas
ket with, their sticks in an obvious at
tempt to pound it to pieces.' ,
Another experiment proved that the
apes could use a box Irt their cage to
attain objects otherwise - unattainable.
But one ape. took a sudden, and violent
objection to the; box. bit it, scratched it
and threw it, around. Then suddenly
came the idea that If he . stood on the
box -he could, reach that otherwise un
reachable fruit. The experimenter says
it was plain 'that the ape knew there
was something special about the, box
and that, the bit of fury was caused
by exasperation that his baffled- wits
could not connect with what he had a
nebulous, but decided, . apprehension
should be done with it. . Henceforward
this particular ape always knew what
to do with the box.'
Kohler wanted to see then whether
270 Miles Hour Is
Lieutenant's
Oklahoma City,' Okla,' March I,
Lieutenant Robert " B. Baiter of : Post
Field, Fort SUI. Okla..' flying i 80 miles
in 22 minutes,, established what Is be
lieved to be a record here.. -vHui 'ma
chine clipped off the distancs1 at the
rate of approximately 270 miles an hour,
The feat was accomplished during a
trip to this city -from Fort SUI.
" ef" fl f
.8: m
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. I I S7 ' HI T I
the apes could pile one box on another
as a means to an end. At firitt there
was nothing doing. After reaching up
with-his arm in vain, ths ape. fcl Imbed
on a table near by, looked around de
Jeetly. and scratched his head. , just
like a balked engineer. His Raxe fell
on the boxes. Down he leaped, pushed
a box below the hanging fruit and
climbed up on it. A stretch. Nothing
doing. Then he took to pushing the
bo.x a few Inches this way and that and
trying again. Still nothing doing. He
lost his temper, flew Into a rase and
began to best ths box. Then he saw
the other box,' dragged It up and began
toHnanlpulate it In a muddled manner.
He put it alongside the first box. tested
It without being able to reach ths fruit.
fand flew on it In a fury. Then he got
the Idea of piling it on, the first, and
lo! the thing was done, and the fruit
In- reach.' All the a pes learned this
trick. Two of them, after the exercise
of enormous patience, even managed to
build a tower of three and four boxes.
It was Interesting, to see how' the apes
Invented ' games. One spontaneously
invented game was the forerunner to
modern athletes' pole leaping. In fact.
It was simply running with a pole,
vaulting snd leaping in full vault.
Fit With Chickens
; Another pursuit, extraordinary In an
ape. thousrh common to most hiiihII
fboys, was luring up chickens and then
poking them with a stick. The apes
threw out bread crumbs deliberately to
entice hens. With their teeth they
sharpened sticks Into good prodding
points,' awaited the hens and then
jabbed at them. One pair of apes even
cooperated in this pastime, one doing
the luring and the other the prodding.
A fashionable ; game for. some time
was catching ants. It went thus : The
apes crowded up to the : bars, each
stretching -out before passing ants a
long straw. . . As soon, ss one ant was
aboard, the straw was carefully shifted
to a spot In front of another ant. When
the ape decided that it had a full house
and the straw was covered with ants,
it was carefully drawn Into the cage
and the ants were licked off and eaten
with great gusto.
Kohler ascertained that the apes
sometimes decked themselves up' with
bits of finery and that when they had
done so they became standoffish and
out on fine "airs so we' know where
that human trait comes from. " '
. Kohler deduces from his experiments
m an 1m rlnM tA man not rnl v
anatomically and physiologically, but
mentally. His mental development re
sembles that of a feeble-minded small
boy. "
20 Billion-Almost-Is
Sphagett Mileage
s Worcester, Mass., March', ft. l. 'S'. S )
From statistics secured in a search of
months, Gus Chetry iias figured the
weight and approximate length of spag
hetti used by the Italian army during
the war. Mr. Chetry gives these figures :
Weight, 89.999.999,380 pounds: lemjth,
19.999.999.000 miles. It costs the gov
ernment 19.000,000 to ;; provide "it oina to
scuce for this. !
c
lift Off Corns
With the Fingera
Doesn't hurt a bit ! Just a drop
of Freezone on a sore, touchy corn
stffp that corn from hurting, then
-shortly you lift that bothersome,
corn right out, root and all. No
pain, no soreness. You'll , laugh,
Hard corns, soft corns, corns between
the toes and painful calluses on bottom of
feet loosen right up and fall off. Truly
magic! Corns and calluses are neeaiess.
Don't keep them I-
. ' ' '
Trtqumt is the rtmarialk ttfor dLnvttj f
a Cincinnati renins. Try it! iV humlui!
Tiny BoMlaa of Frs coat oaly a fw c
at Drux Stores
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